CN106382971B - Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system - Google Patents

Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106382971B
CN106382971B CN201610991712.3A CN201610991712A CN106382971B CN 106382971 B CN106382971 B CN 106382971B CN 201610991712 A CN201610991712 A CN 201610991712A CN 106382971 B CN106382971 B CN 106382971B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
light
low
visualizer
processor
level monitoring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610991712.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106382971A (en
Inventor
邢朕国
杜文凤
彭苏萍
贾宇飞
冯飞胜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China University of Mining and Technology Beijing CUMTB
Original Assignee
China University of Mining and Technology Beijing CUMTB
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China University of Mining and Technology Beijing CUMTB filed Critical China University of Mining and Technology Beijing CUMTB
Priority to CN201610991712.3A priority Critical patent/CN106382971B/en
Publication of CN106382971A publication Critical patent/CN106382971A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106382971B publication Critical patent/CN106382971B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F23/00Indicating or measuring liquid level or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume or indicating by means of an alarm
    • G01F23/22Indicating or measuring liquid level or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume or indicating by means of an alarm by measuring physical variables, other than linear dimensions, pressure or weight, dependent on the level to be measured, e.g. by difference of heat transfer of steam or water
    • G01F23/28Indicating or measuring liquid level or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume or indicating by means of an alarm by measuring physical variables, other than linear dimensions, pressure or weight, dependent on the level to be measured, e.g. by difference of heat transfer of steam or water by measuring the variations of parameters of electromagnetic or acoustic waves applied directly to the liquid or fluent solid material
    • G01F23/284Electromagnetic waves
    • G01F23/292Light, e.g. infra-red or ultra-violet
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B11/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of optical means
    • G01B11/16Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of optical means for measuring the deformation in a solid, e.g. optical strain gauge

Abstract

The present invention relates to underground water level measurement technical field, more particularly to a kind of multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system.The multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device includes housing, low-light visualizer, light source and separator;Housing is used to be arranged on the well head of inspection well to prevent ambient from entering in inspection well;Low-light visualizer is used for the light beam for receiving light source transmitting and the video information for gathering the borehole wall;Separator is fixedly connected with light source;Separator is swum on the liquid of inspection well, and for stopping that the light beam of light source penetrates separation layer.The multi-functional low-light water table measure system includes remote terminal and multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device.It is an object of the invention to provide multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system, accuracy is influenceed by many factors such as landform, stratum and constructions greatly, easily to solve level monitoring device error present in prior art, and the technical problem of inspection well borehole wall deformation can not be monitored simultaneously.

Description

Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground water level measurement technical field, more particularly to a kind of multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device And its system.
Background technology
The relation of underground water and the mankind are very close, and well water and spring are the most underground water of our routine uses, are occupied Irreplaceable status.But, underground water will also result in some harm, such as underground dilutional hyponatremia, railway, highway can be caused to collapse Fall into, flood mining area tunnel, form marshland etc..Add along with progressively expanding in the breadth and depth of mankind's activity on earth Deep, superficial part and Deep Groundwater resource are influenceed by varying degrees;Ground by Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences's hydrological environment geology Study carefully implemented survey of land and resources planning item《North China Plain Groundwater Contamination Investigation evaluation》Achievement is shown:The North China Plain Phreatic water comprehensive quality is integrally poor, and pollution is more serious, and unpolluted underground water only accounts for sampled point 55.87%.Deep phreatic water comprehensive quality is slightly better than phreatic water, and pollution is lighter.
At the same time, mankind's activity influences also more notable on groundwater run off.Such as, most of oil exploitations all can in the world Pressurizeed using groundwater resources and equal volume oil body is depressed into use of making a profit by earth's surface with this, water-bearing layer meeting is met in coal mining Draw water pressure release (water table is met during Opencut coal mine mining and uses drainage well drainage) then working seam in advance, it can be seen that, people Class activity is very huge to Effect of Underground Water Level, in some instances it may even be possible to causes flood underground water to disappear, or even lithic drainage is disorderly and moves back Subtract, this life to region, industrial water source propose larger challenge;If dealing with improperly, personnel, the huge damage of property are easily caused Lose.
At present, for the measurement of level of ground water, domestic and international relevant unit is simply to respective subject and the equipment of narrow purpose Device is used, and without can and and monitoring inspection well deformation function device occur.Existing underground water level measurement dress Putting the overwhelming majority is:Throw-in type measuring instrument measures level of ground water;First disposable measurement uses, and is not used to survey in real time for a long time Amount;When inspection well deforms can not Real-time Feedback, influence to measure.The shortcomings that existing is specific as follows:
1st, effective scope when groundwater observation well is rare long takes, it is necessary to whether the artificial observation borehole wall deforms When it is laborious, it is ineffective;
2nd, underground water level observation device is generally throw-in type, accurate to observation data when the inspection well borehole wall deforms Degree influences very big;
3rd, the method that optical distance measurement apparatus typically uses laser ranging system, i.e. transmitting-reflection-receiving in inspection well, this The easily tested quantity of fluid density of kind method, specific refraction are influenceed, and can not accomplish accurate ranging.
For example, after a bite inspection well is got through, just transferred using limnimeter to water layer, water level is obtained by induction installation Instrument calculates water surface distance earth's surface well head height apart from water surface elevation, then by lower section wire length.However, this method is excessively Limitation, error are big, and are controlled by many factors such as landform, stratum and constructions, can not draw level of ground water true and reliablely Time and spatial variations, it does not consider that the borehole wall deforms the influence to measurement apparatus simultaneously yet.
It can be seen that the research and development and use for the underground water level measurement device with monitoring borehole wall work of deformation energy are very necessary 's.But existing dip meter device and device can not ensure gained observation data not by inspection well deformation condition limit System, precisely quick measurement and data processing, limit can not be accomplished in large-scale mining activities, oil field development and mankind's activity close quarters Development process is made.
Therefore, have it is non-input contact underground water level observation device and monitor simultaneously the inspection well borehole wall deformation etc. function it is complete The exploitation for covering measurement apparatus shows particularly important.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system, to solve prior art Present in level monitoring device error is big, is easily influenceed accuracy by many factors such as landform, stratum and constructions, and can not be simultaneously Monitor the technical problem of inspection well borehole wall deformation.
Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device provided by the invention, including housing, low-light visualizer, light source and isolation Part;
The housing is used for the well head for being sealingly disposed in inspection well, to prevent ambient from entering in the inspection well;
The low-light visualizer is used for the well head for being fixedly installed on the inspection well, for receiving the light of the light source transmitting Beam, and for gathering the video information of the inspection well borehole wall;
The one side of the separator is fixedly connected with the light source, and another side contacts with the liquid level of the inspection well;It is described Separator is swum on the liquid of the inspection well, and the separator is used to stop that the light beam of the light source penetrates the isolation Part enters in the liquid.
Further, described multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device also includes processor, and the processor is relative Fixed in the shell position;
The low-light visualizer electrically connects with the processor, and the processor is used to receive the low-light visualizer transmission Data message.
Further, described multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device also includes base and support frame;The low-light Visualizer is fixedly connected by support frame as described above with the base;
The base is used for the well head for being arranged on the inspection well, and the housing is fixedly installed on the top of the base;
The base has light hole, and the low-light visualizer receives the light of the light source transmitting by the light hole Beam.
Further, support frame as described above has multiple adjustable supporting legs, to change the low-light visualizer relative to institute State the distance and angle of light source.
Further, the housing is fixedly connected with the wireless communication device electrically connected with the processor;
The wireless communication device is used to receiving the first data message that the processor is sent and by first data message Send and to remote terminal, be additionally operable to receive the second data message that the remote terminal is sent and send second data message To the processor.
Further, it is fixedly installed level meter on the low-light visualizer.
Further, the level meter is electrolevel;The electrolevel electrically connects with the processor, and institute Electrolevel is stated to be used to monitor the scopic angle of the low-light and send angle information to the processor;
The housing is fixedly connected with the locator electrically connected with the processor, and the locator is used to monitor the shell The position of body simultaneously sends positional information to the processor;
The housing is fixedly connected with power supply, the processor and/or the low-light visualizer and the power electric connection.
Further, the low-light visualizer is to include gleam image intensifier and low-light camera lens;
The light source is tritium pipe.
Further, the housing uses metal material;
The separator is cystosepiment.
Multi-functional low-light water table measure system provided by the invention, including remote terminal and multi-functional low-light underground water Position monitoring device;
The multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device includes wireless communication device;The multi-functional low-light level of ground water prison Device is surveyed to communicate by the wireless communication device and the remote terminal.
Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device provided by the invention and its system, including housing, low-light visualizer, light Source and separator;By housing to prevent ambient from entering in inspection well, external light influence low-light visualizer is avoided to receive The precision of the light beam of light source transmitting;Light source is swum on the liquid level of inspection well by separator, so as to be fixedly installed on observation The low-light visualizer of well well head receives the light beam of light source transmitting, the liquid level come in calculating observation well;By setting separator, to keep away The light beam for exempting from light source transmitting is incident in the liquid of inspection well, and influences the accuracy of low-light visualizer monitoring liquid level;It is in addition, micro- Light visualizer can also gather the video information of the inspection well borehole wall, to monitor whether the inspection well borehole wall deforms in time.This is multi-functional Low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system descend liquid level observing in contact using non-input, the accuracy of its monitoring liquid level compared with Height, and do not influenceed by many factors such as landform, stratum and constructions, time and the sky of underground liquid level can be drawn true and reliablely Between change, moreover it is possible to while monitor whether the inspection well borehole wall deforms.
Brief description of the drawings
, below will be to specific in order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical scheme of the prior art The required accompanying drawing used is briefly described in embodiment or description of the prior art, it should be apparent that, in describing below Accompanying drawing is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before creative work is not paid Put, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the scheme of installation for the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device that the embodiment of the present invention one provides;
Fig. 2 is that the structural representation for the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device that the embodiment of the present invention one provides (does not show Show light source and separator);
Fig. 3 is the top view of the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the circuit connection diagram for the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device that the embodiment of the present invention one provides.
Icon:1- housings;2- low-light visualizers;3- light sources;4- separators;5- inspection wells;6- processors;7- bases;71- Groove;8- support frames;9- wireless communication devices;10- level meters;11- locators;12- power supplys.
Embodiment
Technical scheme is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that described implementation Example is part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, ordinary skill The every other embodiment that personnel are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to explanation, term " " center ", " on ", " under ", "left", "right", " vertical ", The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outer " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, merely to Be easy to the description present invention and simplify description, rather than instruction or imply signified device or element must have specific orientation, With specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " is only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that instruction or hint relative importance.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to illustrate, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected or being detachably connected, or be integrally connected;Can To be mechanical connection or electrical connection;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected by intermediary, Ke Yishi The connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, with concrete condition above-mentioned term can be understood at this Concrete meaning in invention.
Embodiment one
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 4, present embodiments providing a kind of multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device;Fig. 1 is this The scheme of installation for the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device that embodiment provides;Fig. 2 is the multi-functional of the present embodiment offer The structural representation (non-display light source and separator) of low-light groundwater level monitoring device;Fig. 3 is the multi-functional low-light shown in Fig. 2 The top view of groundwater level monitoring device;Fig. 4 is the circuit for the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device that the present embodiment provides Connection diagram.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 4, multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device that the present embodiment provides, including it is housing 1, micro- Light visualizer 2, light source 3 and separator 4.
Housing 1 is used for the well head for being sealingly disposed in inspection well 5, to prevent ambient from entering in inspection well 5;Housing 1 Lighttight plastics, fiberglass, stainless steel, cast iron can such as be used;Preferably, housing 1 uses metal material;Using metal The anti-strike ability of the housing 1 of material is strong, service life length, can resist the impact such as heavy rain, the hail in field, can be effectively protected Low-light visualizer 2.
Low-light visualizer 2 is used for the well head for being fixedly installed on inspection well 5, for receiving the light beam of the transmitting of light source 3, Yi Jiyong In the video information of the collection borehole wall of inspection well 5;Low-light visualizer 2 can be fixedly installed on above the well head of inspection well 5, can also It is fixedly installed at the well head of inspection well 5;Preferably, low-light visualizer 2 is fixedly installed on above the well head of inspection well 5;Enter one Step ground, low-light visualizer 2 are arranged on the axis of inspection well 5, in order to which low-light visualizer 2 receives the light beam of the transmitting of light source 3, are carried The accuracy of the height monitoring liquid level of inspection well 5, is also convenient for gathering the video information of the borehole wall of inspection well 5, finds the borehole wall of inspection well 5 in time Whether deform.
The one side of separator 4 is fixedly connected with light source 3, and another side contacts with the liquid level of inspection well 5;Separator 4 is swum in On the liquid of inspection well 5, and separator 4 is used to stop that the light beam of light source 3 penetrates separator and entered in liquid.Preferably, isolate The density of part 4 is less than the density of the liquid of inspection well 5, in order to which separator 4 and light source 3 can be swum on liquid level.Separator 4 Such as can be the less polypropylene of density, silicon rubber etc., or for hollow stainless steel, plastics, cast iron etc.;It is preferred that Ground, separator 4 are cystosepiment, and its density is smaller, are easy to separator 4 and light source 3 to swim on liquid level.
Light source 3 can launch the light source of shimmering quality such as can be the LED lamp with processing enclosure, can also be tritium Pipe;Preferably, light source 3 is tritium pipe.Tritium pipe is a kind of light-emitting device of the radioactivity manufacture of isotope applications using hydrogen;Its is main Structure be to pour tritium gas in a closed glass pipe, when β decays discharge electronics by tritium and hit and be coated in glass tube Fluorescent material, send fluorescence;This process is referred to as radioluminescence.The luminous of tritium pipe need not receive electric energy from the external world.
Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device described in the present embodiment, including housing 1, low-light visualizer 2, light source 3 With separator 4;By housing 1 to prevent ambient from entering in inspection well 5, external light influence low-light visualizer 2 is avoided to connect Receive the precision for the light beam that light source 3 is launched;Light source 3 is swum on the liquid level of inspection well 5 by separator 4, so that fixed setting The light beam of the transmitting of light source 3, the liquid level come in calculating observation well 5 are received in the low-light visualizer 2 of the well head of inspection well 5;Pass through setting Separator 4, it is incident on the light beam for avoiding light source 3 from launching in the liquid of inspection well 5, and influences low-light visualizer 2 and monitor liquid level Accuracy;In addition, low-light visualizer 2 can also gather the video information of the borehole wall of inspection well 5, to monitor the well of inspection well 5 in time Whether wall deforms.This multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device descends liquid level observing in contact using non-input, and it monitors liquid The accuracy of position is higher, and is not influenceed by many factors such as landform, stratum and constructions, can draw underground liquid true and reliablely The time of position and spatial variations, moreover it is possible to while monitor whether the borehole wall of inspection well 5 deforms.
In the alternative of the present embodiment, the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device also includes processor 6, processing Device 6 is fixed relative to the position of housing 1;Processor 6 can be fixedly connected with housing 1, can also be fixed and be connected with low-light visualizer 2 Connect, or be connected with other fixtures;Preferably, processor 6 is fixedly installed in housing 1, to avoid heavy rain, hail etc. from hitting Beat.
Low-light visualizer 2 electrically connects with processor 6, and processor 6 is used for the data message for receiving the transmission of low-light visualizer 2, To store in time or forward the data message, to understand the time of the liquid level of inspection well 5 and spatial variations, and the borehole wall The information such as deformation.The data message for example can be the temporal information that low-light visualizer 2 receives the light beam that light source 3 is launched, and gather The video information of the borehole wall of inspection well 5 etc..
In the alternative of the present embodiment, the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device also includes base 7 and support Frame 8;Low-light visualizer 2 is fixedly connected by support frame 8 with base 7.By support frame 8, it is easy to low-light visualizer 2 being fixed on On base 7.
Base 7 is used for the well head for being arranged on inspection well 5, and housing 1 is fixedly installed on the top of base 7.Preferably, base 7 Top have annular groove 71, housing 1 insert groove 71 in is fixedly connected with base 7.
Base 7 has light hole, and low-light visualizer 2 receives the light beam of the transmitting of light source 3 by light hole.By base 7 with Be easy to improve adaptability of the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device to different size well head inspection wells 5, be also convenient for housing 1 with Base 7 coordinates jointly, seals the well head of inspection well 5, effectively to prevent ambient from entering in inspection well 5.Preferably, base 7 Including circular column, the cavity of circular column is light hole, and one end of circular column has outwardly outer rim;Base 7 and well head During cooperation, outer rim is fixed on above well head, and circular column is inserted in inspection well 5.
Preferably, support frame 8 has multiple adjustable supporting legs, to change distance of the low-light visualizer 2 relative to light source 3 And angle.For example, the quantity of supporting leg is three, four, five etc.;Preferably, support frame 8 has three adjustable supporting legs, By changing the length of three supporting legs, so as to simply and easily by the leveling of low-light visualizer 2, and then be easy to low-light visualizer 2 to connect Receive the video information of light beam and the collection borehole wall of inspection well 5 that light source 3 is launched.
Further, support frame 8 electrically connects with processor 6;That is, multiple supporting legs electrically connect with processor 6 respectively, Control support frame 8, namely processor 6 to control supporting leg to adjust its length will pass through processor 6, and then adjust low-light visualizer 2 Relative to the distance and angle of light source 3.
Alternatively, supporting leg includes extension bar, support bar and locking ring, and extension bar is plugged in support bar, and extension bar energy It is enough to be moved back and forth along support bar;Locking ring is connected with extension bar, support bar respectively, to lock extension bar and support bar, avoids stretching Rod moves back and forth along support bar;The one end of extension bar away from support bar is connected with low-light visualizer 2, and support bar extends away from bar One end be connected with base 7.
In the alternative of the present embodiment, housing 1 is fixedly connected with the wireless communication device 9 electrically connected with processor 6.
Wireless communication device 9 be used for reception processing device 6 send the first data message and by first data message send to Remote terminal, it is additionally operable to receive the second data message that remote terminal is sent and sends second data message to processor 6. In order to which processor 6 transmits the first data message to remote terminal by wireless communication device 9, in order to remotely monitor inspection well 5; It is also convenient for remote terminal and the second data message, control processor 6 is sent by wireless communication device 9.Wherein, the first data message example Such as can be the liquid level information of inspection well 5 and the video information of the borehole wall of inspection well 5;Second data message for example can be control Adjust length instruction of supporting leg etc..
Preferably, wireless communication device 9 is included in gsm module, RF modules, WIFI module, bluetooth module and infrared module It is one or more.Preferably, wireless communication device 9 includes gsm module, RF modules, WIFI module, bluetooth module and infrared module, To increase information interaction approach, stability, the reliability of the information exchange such as processor 6 and remote terminal are improved.
In the alternative of the present embodiment, level meter 10 is fixedly installed on low-light visualizer 2.By level meter 10, with Just it is horizontal low-light visualizer 2.
Further, level meter 10 electrically connects with processor 6;When i.e. level meter 10 is electrolevel, electrolevel Electrically connected with processor 6, and electrolevel is used to monitor the angle of low-light visualizer 2 and sends angle information to processor 6; The angle of low-light visualizer 2 is monitored in real time by electrolevel, to find the angle change of low-light visualizer 2 in time;Enter And it is easy to processor 6 to adjust support frame 8 in time according to the angle change of low-light visualizer 2, namely supporting leg is adjusted in time, so that micro- The leveling of light visualizer 2.
Housing 1 is fixedly connected with the locator 11 electrically connected with processor 6, and locator 11 is used for the position for monitoring housing 1 And positional information is sent to processor 6;By locator 11, it is easy to understand multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device place Geographical position.
Preferably, locator 11 includes one kind in GPS module, GPRS module, gsm module and big-dipper satellite locating module It is or a variety of;Preferably, locator 11 includes GPS module, GPRS module and big-dipper satellite locating module, to increase multi-functional low-light The positioning method of groundwater level monitoring device, improve the reliability of multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device.Wherein, GPRS moulds Block carries out architecture by GSM communications protocol, and GPS module carries out satellite fix by GPS, and big-dipper satellite locating module passes through Beidou satellite navigation system carries out satellite fix.
Housing 1 is fixedly connected with power supply 12, and processor 6 and/or low-light visualizer 2 electrically connect with power supply 12.Pass through power supply 12 provide electric energy to multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device;Preferably, power supply 12 is charge power supply;Further, power supply 12 be lithium ion battery.
In the alternative of the present embodiment, low-light visualizer 2 is to include gleam image intensifier and low-light camera lens.Low-light picture increases Strong device is the core devices of all kinds of lll night vision equipment, is easy to blur-free imaging in dark surrounds.
It should be noted that RF modules are by using existing RF radio frequency transmissions technology;RF radio frequency full name Radio Frequency, available for radiated radio frequency.
GPS module utilizes existing GPS positioning satellite, is positioned, navigated in real time in the world.GPS full name are Global Positioning System, the i.e. abbreviation of global positioning system, it is a kind of satellite navigation system, can is that the whole world is used Family provides the navigation informations such as low cost, high accuracy three-dimensional position, speed and accurate timing.
GPRS module is by using existing GPRS transmission technology;GPRS full name are General Packet Radio Service, i.e. general packet radio service technology abbreviation, it is a kind of available mobile data services of gsm mobile telephone user, It is to be transmitted with package formula.
Gsm module obtains the positional information of mobile terminal user by using existing GSM network, so as to obtain mobile phone base Stand positioning service.GSM, which is that European Committee for Standardization is unified, releases " Global System For Mobile The abbreviation of Communication " standards (global system for mobile communications).
Big-dipper satellite locating module positions by using existing Beidou satellite navigation system;Beidou satellite navigation system is determined Position is the GPS that China voluntarily develops.
Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device described in the present embodiment, can real-time monitoring well by low-light visualizer Wall deformation, avoid traditional dip meter from can not considering that borehole wall deformation even disused well still thinks that the data obtained has The shortcomings that break-up value, more accurate measurement go out the level of ground water of change.
Traditional underground water level measurement measures for disposable decentralization, and measurement once needs manpower and materials, complex operation and easily Influenceed by objective factors such as weather.The scopic mode of low-light is coordinated using tritium pipe, can effectively realize contactless liquid level essence Quasi- distance measurement function, it is simple and convenient;Can realize that ground is directly observed, without transferring throw-in type instrument, can facilitate territory, The person skilleds such as ore deposit, building, water conservancy measure and data processing work.
In order to more be apparent from the present embodiment, illustrate the work of multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device briefly below Make principle and method:
The 1st, base is directed to the pithead position of inspection well first, (support bar is fixed on by rotating three leveling support bars On base) on locking ring control extension bar length, realize that liquid is in horizontal position inside level meter on low-light visualizer Put, i.e. low-light visualizer has been horizontal;
2nd, housing is fixed on base, and low-light visualizer electrically connects with processor;
3rd, in use, first throwing the tritium pipe being fixed on cystosepiment to shaft bottom, the side of the cystosepiment away from tritium pipe and water Face contacts, and ensures that not having light below the water surface occurs refractive effect observation with this;The considerable measuring angle of low-light camera lens is α, passes through place Device processing is managed, reaches in well and visualizes, situation in well is shown by the remote display of remote terminal, thus compares whether the borehole wall is sent out Whether the shape that changes and inspection well still have observation value.
4th, photooptical data obtained by low-light visualizer is handled through processor can obtain low-light camera lens away from the water surface (tritium in inspection well simultaneously Pipe) distance H.
5th, level of ground water calculating method is:H2=H-h1, wherein h1 are low-light camera lens after device leveling to the vertical of base Distance, h2 are to survey level of ground water away from the earth's surface discrepancy in elevation.
Embodiment two
Embodiment two provides a kind of multi-functional low-light water table measure system, and the embodiment is included described in embodiment one Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device, the technology of the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device disclosed in embodiment one Feature is also applied for the embodiment, and the technical characteristic of the published multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device of embodiment one is no longer Repeated description.
The multi-functional low-light water table measure system that the present embodiment provides, including remote terminal and multi-functional low-light underground Level monitor;
Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device includes wireless communication device;Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device leads to Wireless communication device is crossed to communicate with remote terminal.That is, wireless communication device is used for the first data message that reception processing device is sent and incited somebody to action First data message is sent to remote terminal, is additionally operable to receive the second data message that remote terminal is sent and second is counted this It is believed that breath is sent to processor.In order to which processor transmits the first data message to remote terminal by wireless communication device, so as to In remotely monitoring inspection well;It is also convenient for remote terminal and the second data message, control processor is sent by wireless communication device.Its In, the first data message is such as can be the liquid level information of inspection well and the video information of the inspection well borehole wall;Second data are believed Cease such as can be to control to adjust the length instruction of supporting leg.
Multi-functional low-light water table measure system described in the present embodiment is with having multi-functional low-light described in embodiment one The advantages of lower Level monitor, the advantages of the multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device disclosed in embodiment one herein It is not repeated to describe.
Finally it should be noted that:Various embodiments above is merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention, rather than its limitations;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to foregoing embodiments for pipe, it will be understood by those within the art that:Its according to The technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can so be modified, either which part or all technical characteristic are entered Row equivalent substitution;And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from various embodiments of the present invention technology The scope of scheme.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device, it is characterised in that including housing, low-light visualizer, light source and every Off member;
    The housing is used for the well head for being sealingly disposed in inspection well, to prevent ambient from entering in the inspection well;
    The low-light visualizer is used for the well head for being fixedly installed on the inspection well, for receiving the light beam of the light source transmitting, And for gathering the video information of the inspection well borehole wall;
    The one side of the separator is fixedly connected with the light source, and another side contacts with the liquid level of the inspection well;The isolation Part is swum on the liquid of the inspection well, and the separator is used to stop that the light beam of the light source penetrates the separator and entered Enter in the liquid;
    Also include processor, the processor is fixed relative to the shell position;
    The low-light visualizer electrically connects with the processor, and the processor is used to receive the number that the low-light visualizer is sent It is believed that breath;
    Level meter is fixedly installed on the low-light visualizer;
    The level meter is electrolevel;The electrolevel electrically connects with the processor, and the electrolevel For monitoring the scopic angle of the low-light and sending angle information to the processor;
    The light source is tritium pipe.
  2. 2. multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including base and branch Support;The low-light visualizer is fixedly connected by support frame as described above with the base;
    The base is used for the well head for being arranged on the inspection well, and the housing is fixedly installed on the top of the base;
    The base has light hole, and the low-light visualizer receives the light beam of the light source transmitting by the light hole.
  3. 3. multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that support frame as described above has Multiple adjustable supporting legs, to change distance and angle of the low-light visualizer relative to the light source.
  4. 4. multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the housing, which is fixed, to be connected It is connected to the wireless communication device electrically connected with the processor;
    The wireless communication device is used to receive the first data message that the processor is sent and sends first data message To remote terminal, it is additionally operable to receive the second data message that the remote terminal is sent and sends second data message to institute State processor.
  5. 5. multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
    The housing is fixedly connected with the locator electrically connected with the processor, and the locator is used to monitor the housing Position simultaneously sends positional information to the processor;
    The housing is fixedly connected with power supply, the processor and/or the low-light visualizer and the power electric connection.
  6. 6. multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the low-light visualizer It is to include gleam image intensifier and low-light camera lens.
  7. 7. multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the housing is using gold Belong to material;
    The separator is cystosepiment.
  8. 8. a kind of multi-functional low-light water table measure system, it is characterised in that any including remote terminal and claim 1-7 Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device described in;
    The multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device includes wireless communication device;The multi-functional low-light water table measure dress Put and communicated by the wireless communication device and the remote terminal.
CN201610991712.3A 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system Active CN106382971B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610991712.3A CN106382971B (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610991712.3A CN106382971B (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106382971A CN106382971A (en) 2017-02-08
CN106382971B true CN106382971B (en) 2017-12-19

Family

ID=57956922

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610991712.3A Active CN106382971B (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106382971B (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108332821A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-07-27 合肥移顺信息技术有限公司 A kind of water level detecting device and method based on wireless communication
DE102018100845A1 (en) * 2018-01-16 2019-07-18 Krohne Messtechnik Gmbh level meter
CN109374091B (en) * 2018-10-31 2020-07-24 重庆交通大学 Underground water level measuring device and measuring method
CN109238404B (en) * 2018-11-14 2021-01-01 绍兴文理学院 Device and method for monitoring underground water level of foundation pit by using laser range finder
CN111579028A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-08-25 江苏省东台中等专业学校 Underground water level monitoring device

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN206348045U (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-07-21 中国矿业大学(北京) Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10022591C2 (en) * 2000-05-09 2002-09-12 Bsh Bosch Siemens Hausgeraete Level indicator with light source
CN203148531U (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-08-21 河海大学 Water level and water quality monitoring terminal based on machine vision
CN205049206U (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-24 山东省水利科学研究院 Fixed ground water level laser automatic measuring device of well head
CN205049213U (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-24 山东省水利科学研究院 Multi -functional groundwater monitoring devices of buoy type
CN205530358U (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-08-31 福州三鑫隆铸业有限公司 Water drainage intelligent acquisition device

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN206348045U (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-07-21 中国矿业大学(北京) Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106382971A (en) 2017-02-08

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106382971B (en) Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system
US7889124B2 (en) Handheld wireless utility asset mapping device
CN101860562B (en) Integrated forest fire dynamic monitoring and accurate positioning system and positioning method
CN103711484B (en) borehole imaging device
CN104296721B (en) Utilize the method that the deep soil settlement survey system based on satellite fix Yu hydrostatic leveling carries out deep soil settlement survey
CN102435165A (en) CNSS (COMPASS navigation satellite system)-based long-term ground facility deformation monitoring system and CNSS-based long-term ground facility deformation monitoring method
CN203669861U (en) Drill hole imaging device
CN105976569A (en) Landslide hazard monitoring system and method
CN109489541A (en) Railway slope deformation monitoring and analysis system based on Beidou measuring technique
CN103913146A (en) GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) continuous operation monitoring station
CN109373980A (en) A kind of monitoring method and system based on video monitoring measuring instrument and deviational survey terminal
CN106703086A (en) Online security monitoring system for foundation pit
CN103983235A (en) Method for measuring engineering parameters of base station antenna
CN106297254A (en) A kind of GNSS multi-dimensional displacement monitoring system and Remote data processing method thereof
CN206348045U (en) Multi-functional low-light groundwater level monitoring device and its system
KR101009359B1 (en) 3d image drawing system making the gps map by air picture and ground picture
CN103217188A (en) Remote sensing and remote metering hand-held machine
CN106382972B (en) A kind of single hole water table measure method and real time monitoring apparatus
CN202453010U (en) Remote sensing and remote measuring handheld set
CN109405731A (en) Building displacement monitoring system and monitoring method under a kind of fire based on big-dipper satellite
CN205825952U (en) A kind of device gathering base station engineering parameter under tower
CN211043430U (en) Underground water flow direction and flow velocity monitoring device
CN201623731U (en) Integrated dynamic monitoring and accurate positioning system for forest fires
CN210466680U (en) Multifunctional ground disaster monitoring device and system integrating GNSS and microseismic information
CN204228185U (en) Manual omnidirectional multi-angle observation frame

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant