CN103983235A - Method for measuring engineering parameters of base station antenna - Google Patents

Method for measuring engineering parameters of base station antenna Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103983235A
CN103983235A CN201410237183.9A CN201410237183A CN103983235A CN 103983235 A CN103983235 A CN 103983235A CN 201410237183 A CN201410237183 A CN 201410237183A CN 103983235 A CN103983235 A CN 103983235A
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China
Prior art keywords
acquisition terminal
antenna
angle
base station
sensor
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CN201410237183.9A
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CN103983235B (en
Inventor
马建民
郑军
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Xi'an Rong Si Electronic Information Technology Co Ltd
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Xi'an Rong Si Electronic Information Technology Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C1/00Measuring angles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C5/00Measuring height; Measuring distances transverse to line of sight; Levelling between separated points; Surveyors' levels

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for measuring engineering parameters of a base station antenna. At present, the operation of detecting the engineering parameters of the base station antenna is mainly finished by means of manual measurement, multiple information transfer links are required and the data sharing and using efficiency is low. The method comprises the following steps: pushing a measured base station within a specified range to an acquisition terminal through a background server, acquiring the longitude, latitude and elevation of the base station by utilizing a global position system (GPS) sensor of the acquisition terminal, measuring the hanging height of the antenna by utilizing a gravity sensor of the acquisition terminal and a camera sensor; measuring an azimuth angle of the antenna by utilizing an azimuth sensor and the camera sensor; measuring a pitch angle and a roll angle of the antenna by utilizing the gravity sensor of the acquisition terminal and the camera sensor; and transmitting report data to the background server through the acquisition terminal, and performing deviation warning parameter check. As the various built-in sensors of the intelligent terminal and an innovation algorithm are provided, the high-precision measurement on the engineering parameters of the base station antenna is realized, and the problem that a person needs to climb up a tower during the conventional measurement and the magnetic-field interference problem are solved.

Description

Antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method
Technical field
the invention belongs to radio communication base station networking maintenance technology field, be specifically related to a kind of antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method.
Background technology
Along with the continuous expansion of communication network scale, the engineering parameter of antenna for base station frequently changes at all too many levels of addressing planning, engineering construction, the network capacity extension, the network optimization, network O&M, for in time, obtain engineering parameter exactly, O&M department patrols and examines a large amount of manpower and materials of need of work consumption.From each province's state of the current network, the problems such as part antenna installation quality is poor, traffic incomplete absorption are the current key factors that affects network quality.
The measurement of the information such as that the longitude and latitude of base station, antenna are hung is high, position angle, the angle of pitch and roll angle is the key content of antenna-feedback system investigation.Detecting at present these parameters, is mainly by equipment such as tape measure, mechanical compass, gradiometer, GPS instrument.Artificial use the mode of mechanical lining position angle, climbing tower to obtain the angle of pitch, hang high, low precision, efficiency is low, human factor impact is very large, and has the potential safety hazard of ascending a height.Data cannot upload to background net management center in time simultaneously, and whole measuring process link is many, has many weak points; Original measuring method cannot support the measurement demand of existing network.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method, can be under the condition of the frequent variation of antenna for base station engineering parameter, convenient, fast, complete parameter measurement exactly.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method, is characterized in that:
Realized by following steps:
Step a: background server pushes in particular range and measures base station to acquisition terminal;
Step b: utilize acquisition terminal GPS sensor to obtain latitude and longitude of base station and height above sea level;
Step c: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna and hang high;
Steps d: utilize acquisition terminal aspect sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna azimuth;
Step e: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna elevation angle;
Step f: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna roll angle;
Step g: acquisition terminal sends reported data and carries out deviation pre-alert parameter verification to background server.
Described step a specifically comprises:
Step a1: acquisition terminal sends longitude and latitude position data bag to background server;
Step a2: background server resolves position and around can survey base station is pushed to acquisition terminal by assigned address.
Described step b specifically comprises:
Utilize acquisition terminal GPS sensor assembly Real-time Obtaining current location information, i.e. longitude and latitude and sea level elevation.
Described step c specifically comprises:
Step c1: at the deviation angle γ of measurement target region internal calibration acquisition terminal RELATIVE SEA LEVEL vertical angle (angle of depression for just, the elevation angle is for negative);
Step c2: obtain the gravity three axle values (x, y, z) of acquisition terminal by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculated level angle θ x
θx=
Step c3: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, acquisition terminal present position and sea level angle α during by acquisition terminal camera sensing device location survey target bottom;
Step c4: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, acquisition terminal present position and sea level angle β during by acquisition terminal camera sensing device location survey target top;
Step c5: the height that presets place, acquisition terminal distance from bottom measurement target bottom plane , calculating object height is that antenna is hung high h
h=
Described steps d specifically comprises:
Steps d 1: the deviation angle α (terminal side level sensor magnetic north pole deflection geologic compass magnetic north pole is in the east for just, to the west for negative) of the magnetic north pole of calibrating terminal aspect sensor and geologic compass magnetic north pole;
Steps d 2: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Steps d 3: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, adopt balanced ball form prompting acquisition terminal whether in horizontality;
Steps d 4: by acquisition terminal camera sensing device positioning antenna surface of emission direction; First just to antenna transmission face, translation from right to left when just visible antenna right flank front and rear side becomes a line, utilizes acquisition terminal aspect sensor to obtain equipment magnetic north azimuth angle theta of living in 1; Translation from left to right when just visible antenna left surface front and rear side becomes a line, utilizes acquisition terminal aspect sensor to obtain equipment magnetic north azimuth angle theta of living in again 2;
Steps d 5: calculate antenna azimuth θ
θ=
If θ is >=360 °, θ=θ-360.
Steps d 6: other orientation observed azimuths according to the same reason of above-mentioned steps from antenna.As from the side, (surface of emission is towards a left side) measured, and antenna azimuth is: θ= ; As from the side, (surface of emission is towards the right side) measured, and antenna azimuth is: θ= ; As measured from the antenna back side, antenna azimuth is: θ= .Above-mentioned net result θ conversion: if θ is >=360 °, θ=θ-360; If θ is <0 °, θ=360+ θ.
Described step e specifically comprises:
Step e1: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Step e2: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, catch antenna diagram picture by acquisition terminal camera sensing device;
Step e3: identification antenna diagram picture, obtains the luffing angle θ of antenna on acquisition terminal image 0;
Step e4: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z) by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculate acquisition terminal luffing angle θ z
θz=
Step e5: calculate antenna elevation angle θ
θ= (θ 0+θx)*cos(θz)。
Described step f specifically comprises:
Step f1: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Step f2: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, catch antenna diagram picture by acquisition terminal camera sensing device;
Step f3: identification antenna diagram picture, obtains the roll angle θ of antenna on acquisition terminal image 0;
Step f4: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z) by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculate acquisition terminal luffing angle θ z
θz=
Step f5: calculate antenna roll angle θ
θ= (θ 0+θx)*cos(θz)。
Described step g specifically comprises:
Step g 1: acquisition terminal is to background server transmitting antenna engineering parameter packet;
Step g 2: background server is compared original antenna parameter data, the data that parsing deviate surpasss the expectation return to acquisition terminal;
Step g 3: acquisition terminal is according to background server return data, and early warning gathers deviation.
The present invention has the following advantages:
In the present invention, measuring equipment height is integrated, easy to carry, metering system is simple, it is the technical renovation that antenna for base station engineering parameter is measured, can adapt to fast the feature of the frequent variation of current antenna for base station engineering parameter, realize to antenna for base station engineering parameter the high-acruracy survey at far-end, near-end, solve traditional measurement and needed climbing tower problem and magnetic interference problem, ensure network running quality, social benefit is very remarkable.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the invention process overall system configuration diagram.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention will be described in detail.
The foreground acquisition terminal the present invention relates to refers generally to be built-in with the mobile phone terminal of GPS sensor, gravity sensor, aspect sensor, the first-class sensor of shooting; Background server refers generally to WEB server.
In base station, the on-the-spot acquisition terminal that uses completes base station engineering parameter collection to survey crew, and real-time report is to background server.
The first step: acquisition terminal mobile phone terminal software is installed and the adjustment of dispatching from the factory;
Second step: background server software integrated and dispose;
The 3rd step: acquisition terminal triggering collection, obtain base station data to be measured by background server;
The 4th step: according to the task that issues of background server, use acquisition terminal to gather the antenna works parameter of base station to be measured: the extension of longitude and latitude collection, height above sea level collection, each sector is high, the collection of position angle, the angle of pitch, roll angle etc.;
The 5th step: acquisition terminal sends image data to background server, and background server is resolved and early warning collection result deviation, returns to acquisition terminal;
The 6th step: acquisition terminal provides prompting or the instruction of resurveying according to the deviation pre-alert of background server, has finally confirmed collection.
Detailed process is realized by following steps:
Step a: background server pushes in particular range and measures base station to acquisition terminal.
Specifically comprise:
Step a1: acquisition terminal sends longitude and latitude position data bag to background server;
Step a2: background server resolves position and around can survey base station is pushed to acquisition terminal by assigned address.
Step b: utilize acquisition terminal GPS sensor to obtain latitude and longitude of base station and height above sea level.
Specifically comprise:
Utilize acquisition terminal GPS sensor assembly Real-time Obtaining current location information, i.e. longitude and latitude and sea level elevation.
Step c: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna and hang high.
Specifically comprise:
Step c1: at the deviation angle γ of measurement target region internal calibration acquisition terminal RELATIVE SEA LEVEL vertical angle (angle of depression for just, the elevation angle is for negative);
Step c2: obtain the gravity three axle values (x, y, z) of acquisition terminal by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculated level angle θ x
θx=
Step c3: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, acquisition terminal present position and sea level angle α during by acquisition terminal camera sensing device location survey target bottom;
Step c4: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, acquisition terminal present position and sea level angle β during by acquisition terminal camera sensing device location survey target top;
Step c5: the height that presets place, acquisition terminal distance from bottom measurement target bottom plane , calculating object height is that antenna is hung high h
h=
Steps d: utilize acquisition terminal aspect sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna azimuth.
Specifically comprise:
Steps d 1: the deviation angle α (terminal side level sensor magnetic north pole deflection geologic compass magnetic north pole is in the east for just, to the west for negative) of the magnetic north pole of calibrating terminal aspect sensor and geologic compass magnetic north pole;
Steps d 2: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Steps d 3: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, adopt balanced ball form prompting acquisition terminal whether in horizontality;
Steps d 4: by acquisition terminal camera sensing device positioning antenna surface of emission direction; First just to antenna transmission face, translation from right to left when just visible antenna right flank front and rear side becomes a line, utilizes acquisition terminal aspect sensor to obtain equipment magnetic north azimuth angle theta of living in 1; Translation from left to right when just visible antenna left surface front and rear side becomes a line, utilizes acquisition terminal aspect sensor to obtain equipment magnetic north azimuth angle theta of living in again 2;
Steps d 5: calculate antenna azimuth θ
θ=
If θ is >=360 °, θ=θ-360.
Steps d 6: other orientation observed azimuths according to the same reason of above-mentioned steps from antenna.As from the side, (surface of emission is towards a left side) measured, and antenna azimuth is: θ= ; As from the side, (surface of emission is towards the right side) measured, and antenna azimuth is: θ= ; As measured from the antenna back side, antenna azimuth is: θ= .Above-mentioned net result θ conversion: if θ is >=360 °, θ=θ-360; If θ is <0 °, θ=360+ θ.
Step e: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna elevation angle.
Specifically comprise:
Step e1: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Step e2: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, catch antenna diagram picture by acquisition terminal camera sensing device;
Step e3: identification antenna diagram picture, obtains the luffing angle θ of antenna on acquisition terminal image 0;
Step e4: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z) by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculate acquisition terminal luffing angle θ z
θz=
Step e5: calculate antenna elevation angle θ
θ= (θ 0+θx)*cos(θz)。
Step f: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna roll angle.
Specifically comprise:
Step f1: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Step f2: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, catch antenna diagram picture by acquisition terminal camera sensing device;
Step f3: identification antenna diagram picture, obtains the roll angle θ of antenna on acquisition terminal image 0;
Step f4: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z) by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculate acquisition terminal luffing angle θ z
θz=
Step f5: calculate antenna roll angle θ
θ= (θ 0+θx)*cos(θz)。
Step g: acquisition terminal sends reported data and carries out deviation pre-alert checking parameter to background server.
Specifically comprise:
Step g 1: acquisition terminal is to background server transmitting antenna engineering parameter packet;
Step g 2: background server is compared original antenna parameter data, the data that parsing deviate surpasss the expectation return to acquisition terminal;
Step g 3: acquisition terminal is according to background server return data, and early warning gathers deviation.
It is cited that content of the present invention is not limited to embodiment, and the conversion of any equivalence that those of ordinary skill in the art take technical solution of the present invention by reading instructions of the present invention, is claim of the present invention and contains.

Claims (8)

1. antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method, is characterized in that:
Realized by following steps:
Step a: background server pushes in particular range and measures base station to acquisition terminal;
Step b: utilize acquisition terminal GPS sensor to obtain latitude and longitude of base station and height above sea level;
Step c: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna and hang high;
Steps d: utilize acquisition terminal aspect sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna azimuth;
Step e: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna elevation angle;
Step f: utilize acquisition terminal gravity sensor and camera sensing device to measure antenna roll angle;
Step g: acquisition terminal sends reported data and carries out deviation pre-alert parameter verification to background server.
2. antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described step a specifically comprises:
Step a1: acquisition terminal sends longitude and latitude position data bag to background server;
Step a2: background server resolves position and around can survey base station is pushed to acquisition terminal by assigned address.
3. antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method according to claim 2, is characterized in that:
Described step b specifically comprises:
Utilize acquisition terminal GPS sensor assembly Real-time Obtaining current location information, i.e. longitude and latitude and sea level elevation.
4. antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method according to claim 3, is characterized in that:
Described step c specifically comprises:
Step c1: at the deviation angle γ of measurement target region internal calibration acquisition terminal RELATIVE SEA LEVEL vertical angle (angle of depression for just, the elevation angle is for negative);
Step c2: obtain the gravity three axle values (x, y, z) of acquisition terminal by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculated level angle θ x
θx=
Step c3: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, acquisition terminal present position and sea level angle α during by acquisition terminal camera sensing device location survey target bottom;
Step c4: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, acquisition terminal present position and sea level angle β during by acquisition terminal camera sensing device location survey target top;
Step c5: the height that presets place, acquisition terminal distance from bottom measurement target bottom plane , calculating object height is that antenna is hung high h
h=
5. antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method according to claim 4, is characterized in that:
Described steps d specifically comprises:
Steps d 1: the deviation angle α (terminal side level sensor magnetic north pole deflection geologic compass magnetic north pole is in the east for just, to the west for negative) of the magnetic north pole of calibrating terminal aspect sensor and geologic compass magnetic north pole;
Steps d 2: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Steps d 3: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, adopt balanced ball form prompting acquisition terminal whether in horizontality;
Steps d 4: by acquisition terminal camera sensing device positioning antenna surface of emission direction; First just to antenna transmission face, translation from right to left when just visible antenna right flank front and rear side becomes a line, utilizes acquisition terminal aspect sensor to obtain equipment magnetic north azimuth angle theta of living in 1; Translation from left to right when just visible antenna left surface front and rear side becomes a line, utilizes acquisition terminal aspect sensor to obtain equipment magnetic north azimuth angle theta of living in again 2;
Steps d 5: calculate antenna azimuth θ
θ=
If θ is >=360 °, θ=θ-360;
Steps d 6: other orientation observed azimuths according to the same reason of above-mentioned steps from antenna; As from the side, (surface of emission is towards a left side) measured, and antenna azimuth is: θ= ; As from the side, (surface of emission is towards the right side) measured, and antenna azimuth is: θ= ; As measured from the antenna back side, antenna azimuth is: θ= ; Above-mentioned net result θ conversion: if θ is >=360 °, θ=θ-360; If θ is <0 °, θ=360+ θ.
6. antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method according to claim 5, is characterized in that:
Described step e specifically comprises:
Step e1: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Step e2: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, catch antenna diagram picture by acquisition terminal camera sensing device;
Step e3: identification antenna diagram picture, obtains the luffing angle θ of antenna on acquisition terminal image 0;
Step e4: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z) by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculate acquisition terminal luffing angle θ z
θz=
Step e5: calculate antenna elevation angle θ
θ= (θ 0+θx)*cos(θz)。
7. antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method according to claim 6, is characterized in that:
Described step f specifically comprises:
Step f1: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z), calculated level angle θ x by acquisition terminal gravity sensor
θx=
Step f2: keep level angle θ x in ± 0.3 degree, catch antenna diagram picture by acquisition terminal camera sensing device;
Step f3: identification antenna diagram picture, obtains the roll angle θ of antenna on acquisition terminal image 0;
Step f4: obtain acquisition terminal gravity three axle values (x, y, z) by acquisition terminal gravity sensor, calculate acquisition terminal luffing angle θ z
θz=
Step f5: calculate antenna roll angle θ
θ= (θ 0+θx)*cos(θz)。
8. antenna for base station engineering parameter measuring method according to claim 7, is characterized in that:
Described step g specifically comprises:
Step g 1: acquisition terminal is to background server transmitting antenna engineering parameter packet;
Step g 2: background server is compared original antenna parameter data, the data that parsing deviate surpasss the expectation return to acquisition terminal;
Step g 3: acquisition terminal is according to background server return data, and early warning gathers deviation.
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CN105472643A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-06 中国电信股份有限公司 Method of perceiving antenna parameter, antenna equipment and system thereof
CN105515689A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-04-20 江苏中兴微通信息科技有限公司 Intelligent mobile terminal assisted directional antenna direction adjustment system and method
CN106019344A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-10-12 中国科学院重庆绿色智能技术研究院 Method for monitoring displacement of antenna of communication base station
CN107478193A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-12-15 中国移动通信集团江苏有限公司 Antenna Operation measurement method of parameters, device, equipment and computer-readable storage medium
CN109410280A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-03-01 中国移动通信集团福建有限公司 Antenna work joins check method and system
CN110132224A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-08-16 苏州感测通信息科技有限公司 A kind of antenna attitude intelligent measuring systems based on technology of Internet of things
CN111368384A (en) * 2018-12-07 2020-07-03 华为技术有限公司 Method and equipment for predicting antenna engineering parameters
CN112284328A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-29 通号工程局集团有限公司 Comprehensive test system for azimuth angle and pitch angle of mobile communication base station antenna and use method thereof

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CN105472643A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-06 中国电信股份有限公司 Method of perceiving antenna parameter, antenna equipment and system thereof
CN105472643B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-07-13 中国电信股份有限公司 Method, antenna equipment and system for perceiving antenna parameter
CN105515689A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-04-20 江苏中兴微通信息科技有限公司 Intelligent mobile terminal assisted directional antenna direction adjustment system and method
CN105515689B (en) * 2015-11-26 2018-08-21 江苏中兴微通信息科技有限公司 A kind of system and method for intelligent mobile terminal auxiliary directional antenna direction adjustment
CN106019344A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-10-12 中国科学院重庆绿色智能技术研究院 Method for monitoring displacement of antenna of communication base station
CN107478193A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-12-15 中国移动通信集团江苏有限公司 Antenna Operation measurement method of parameters, device, equipment and computer-readable storage medium
CN107478193B (en) * 2017-06-29 2019-12-06 中国移动通信集团江苏有限公司 Antenna working parameter measuring method, device, equipment and computer storage medium
CN109410280A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-03-01 中国移动通信集团福建有限公司 Antenna work joins check method and system
CN111368384A (en) * 2018-12-07 2020-07-03 华为技术有限公司 Method and equipment for predicting antenna engineering parameters
CN110132224A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-08-16 苏州感测通信息科技有限公司 A kind of antenna attitude intelligent measuring systems based on technology of Internet of things
CN112284328A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-29 通号工程局集团有限公司 Comprehensive test system for azimuth angle and pitch angle of mobile communication base station antenna and use method thereof

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