CN103913146A - GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) continuous operation monitoring station - Google Patents

GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) continuous operation monitoring station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103913146A
CN103913146A CN201410139201.XA CN201410139201A CN103913146A CN 103913146 A CN103913146 A CN 103913146A CN 201410139201 A CN201410139201 A CN 201410139201A CN 103913146 A CN103913146 A CN 103913146A
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China
Prior art keywords
gnss
station
support
operational monitoring
continuous operational
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201410139201.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103913146B (en
Inventor
蒋法文
余学祥
黄晖
吴桁
韩必武
刘可胜
曹思华
杭玉付
吕伟才
柯福阳
王新志
王星
陈灿东
赵兴旺
张美微
王文波
蒋新源
陈小轶
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGSU KEBO SPACE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
Anhui University of Science and Technology
Huainan Mining Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
NANJING KEBO SPATIAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Anhui University of Science and Technology
Huainan Mining Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by NANJING KEBO SPATIAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan Mining Group Co Ltd filed Critical NANJING KEBO SPATIAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410139201.XA priority Critical patent/CN103913146B/en
Publication of CN103913146A publication Critical patent/CN103913146A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103913146B publication Critical patent/CN103913146B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/22Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring angles or tapers; for testing the alignment of axes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C5/00Measuring height; Measuring distances transverse to line of sight; Levelling between separated points; Surveyors' levels
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/34Power consumption

Abstract

The invention provides a GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) continuous operation monitoring station. The GNSS continuous operation monitoring station comprises a GNSS receiving machine, a GNSS antenna, a storage battery and a support, wherein the GNSS antenna is arranged on the top of the support; the GNSS receiving machine is arranged in the middle of the support, the storage battery is arranged on the bottom of the support, and the GNSS receiving machine is connected with the GNSS antenna; the GNSS receiving machine is used for transferring earth surface locating information obtained by the GNSS antenna to a base station server, and the storage battery is used for providing a power supply. The GNSS continuous operation monitoring station provided by the invention solves the technical problems that a monitoring method in the prior art is behindhand, the efficiency is low, and the field real-time data transmission is not realized.

Description

The continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of monitoring technology, particularly (Global Navigation Satellite System is called for short: GNSS) continuous operational monitoring station a kind of global navigation satellite.
Background technology
Land subsidence refers to due to the fixed compression of underground ravelly ground of natural cause or human engineering activity initiation and causes the geological phenomenon that in certain area coverage, ground elevation reduces, land subsidence or the earth subsidence namely often said.In recent years, the exploitation in colliery has caused a large amount of ground settlements, has subsided, and causes the Artificial facilities such as buildings, road seriously to be damaged, and large area farmland is destroyed, and even causes the loss of lives and properties.Therefore, research coal mining settlement monitoring technology has important theory and practice meaning.
Subsidence monitoring method comprises measurement of the level, base-rock marker and layering mark measurement at present, these method precision are very high, but can only in smaller scope, carry out the work, and mostly monitoring means is single-receiver static observation, function singleness, efficiency is lower, cannot realize the transfer function of field real time data.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides the continuous operational monitoring of a kind of GNSS station, solved that in prior art, monitoring means is backward, efficiency is low and cannot realize the technical matters of field real-time Data Transmission.
The invention provides the continuous operational monitoring of a kind of GNSS station, comprising:
GNSS receiver, GNSS antenna, accumulator, support, wherein, described GNSS antenna is placed in the top of described support, described GNSS receiver is placed in the middle part of described support, and described accumulator is placed in the bottom of described support, and described GNSS receiver is connected with described GNSS antenna, described GNSS receiver is sent to base station server for the earth's surface locating information that described GNSS antenna is obtained, and described accumulator is used for providing power supply.
The continuous operational monitoring of GNSS as above station, preferably, the continuous operational monitoring of described GNSS station also comprises:
Inclinator, described inclinator is placed in the bottom of described support, and described inclinator is connected with described GNSS receiver, and described GNSS receiver is sent to described base station server for the surface movement information that described inclinator is detected.
The continuous operational monitoring of GNSS as above station, preferably, the continuous operational monitoring of described GNSS station also comprises:
Camera, described camera is arranged on described support and between described GNSS antenna and described GNSS receiver, and described camera is for region, continuous purpose monitoring station and to described base station server transmission of video information.
The continuous operational monitoring of GNSS as above station, preferably, the continuous operational monitoring of described GNSS station also comprises:
Lightning rod, described lightning rod is arranged on described support and between described camera and described GNSS receiver, and described lightning rod is for preventing that described GNSS receiver is subject to the destruction of the induction thunder of direct thunder and described battery feed
The continuous operational monitoring of GNSS as above station, preferably, the continuous operational monitoring of described GNSS station also comprises:
Forced centering apparatus, described forced centering apparatus is arranged on the top of described support, for described GNSS antenna is installed.
The continuous operational monitoring of GNSS as above station, preferably, described accumulator charges by solar panel.
The continuous operational monitoring of GNSS as above station, preferably,
Described support is by observing pier and concrete wire pole form, and described observation pier is for fixing described concrete wire pole, and the height of described concrete wire pole is not less than 6m.
The continuous operational monitoring of GNSS provided by the invention station, the earth's surface locating information of in real time GNSS antenna being obtained by GNSS receiver is sent to base station server, improve the monitoring efficiency to monitored area, and the mobile message on earth's surface detecting by transmitting inclinator, improve accuracy and the reliability of monitoring result.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS of the present invention station embodiment mono-;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS of the present invention station embodiment bis-;
Fig. 3 is the side view at the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS of the present invention station;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view at the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS of the present invention station.
Embodiment
In the present embodiment, the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station construction is in the position that meets the requirement of GNSS observing environment, it can be the earth's surface of coal cinder exploitation workplace, can also build according to the actual requirements in the position that need to detect land subsidence, Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS of the present invention station embodiment mono-, as described in Figure 1, the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station comprises:
GNSS receiver 2, GNSS antenna 1, accumulator 4, support 3, wherein, GNSS antenna 1 is placed in the top of support 3, GNSS receiver 2 is placed in the middle part of described support 3, concrete can be arranged on support 3 according to the actual requirements, described accumulator 4 is placed in the bottom of support 3, wherein the set-up mode of GNSS receiver 2 and accumulator 4 can first be arranged on instrument container the corresponding position of support 3, then GNSS receiver 2 and accumulator 4 are placed in corresponding instrument container, in the present embodiment, GNSS antenna 1 is connected with GNSS receiver 2, GNSS receiver 2 can receive the Big Dipper by GNSS antenna 1 simultaneously, (Global Positioning System is called for short GPS: GPS), GPS (Global Position System) (GLOBAL Navigation Satellite System, be called for short: GLONASS) satellite-signal, thereby observe in real time the locating information on earth's surface, GNSS receiver 2 passes through optical fiber according to the cycle of setting by the locating information on earth's surface, 3G (Third Generation) Moblie technology (3rd-Generation, be called for short: 3G), general packet radio service technology (General Packet Radio Service, be called for short: GPRS) or wireless bridge mode be transferred to base station server, so that base station server is analyzed ground settlement deformation state in time according to the earth's surface locating information receiving, in the present embodiment, most of monitoring station construction in the wild, so, provide uninterrupted power supply by accumulator 4 for GNSS antenna 1 and GNSS receiver 2, in the present embodiment, can absorb that sunshine is converted into electric energy or by being electric energy by wind energy transformation by solar panel, be stored in accumulator 4, specifically can select corresponding mode accumulators 4 to charge according to actual conditions, the present embodiment is not limited.
The continuous operational monitoring of the GNSS station that the present embodiment provides, receive in real time observation information and earth's surface locating information that GNSS antenna is obtained is sent to base station server by GNSS receiver, realize uninterrupted observation in monitoring section, improve the real-time of monitoring, strengthened the monitoring effect to monitored area.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS of the present invention station embodiment bis-, on the basis of above-described embodiment, in the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 2, the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station also comprises: inclinator 5, inclinator 5 is placed in the bottom of support 3, specifically can be as the set-up mode of accumulator in above-described embodiment 4, all be placed in an instrument container that is arranged on support 3 bottoms with accumulator 4, described inclinator 5 is connected with described GNSS receiver 2, inclinator 5 is for detection of the mobile message on earth's surface, and by the surface movement communication obtaining to GNSS receiver 2, GNSS receiver 2 by the earth's surface locating information detecting and the mobile message on earth's surface with wireless network real-time Transmission to base station server, thereby more fully analyze ground settlement deformation information, in the present embodiment, on the basis of real-time monitored, inclinator 5 is set again, can improve accuracy and the reliability of testing result.
Further, the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station also comprises:
Camera 8, camera 8 is arranged on support 3 and between GNSS antenna 1 and GNSS receiver 2, camera 8 can also be arranged on and can monitor wider position according to practice, camera 8 for continuous region, purpose monitoring station and by network mode to base station server transmission of video information, can observe more intuitively the earth's surface situation of guarded region by camera 8 base station servers.
Further, the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station also comprises:
Lightning rod 10, lightning rod 10 is arranged on support 3 and between camera 8 and described GNSS receiver 2, lightning rod 10 can also be arranged on a certain position on support 3 according to practice, and lightning rod 10 is subject to the destruction of the induction thunder of direct thunder and lightning weather and accumulator 4 for preventing GNSS receiver 2.
Further, the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station also comprises:
Forced centering apparatus 9, forced centering apparatus 9 is arranged on the top of described support 3, for described GNSS antenna 1 is installed, so that GNSS antenna 1 is installed is more accurate.
In the present embodiment, in the time that described accumulator 4 charges by solar panel 7, the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station also comprises: solar panel 7 and power-supply controller of electric 6, accumulator 4 is above-mentioned inclinator 5, camera 8 provides uninterrupted power source, power-supply controller of electric 6 charges for controlling solar panel 7 accumulators 4, and can also control accumulator 4 to above-mentioned each device power supply, wherein specifically install according to practical application solar panel 7 installation sites, can be arranged on support 3, also can be arranged on other positions on earth's surface, in the present embodiment, do not limited.
Fig. 3 is the side view at the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS of the present invention station, Fig. 4 is the vertical view at the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS of the present invention station, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, the support 3 at the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station can be made up of observation pier 11 and concrete wire pole 3 ', the height of described concrete wire pole 3 ' is not less than 6m, the concrete wire pole 3 ' of selecting in the present embodiment is 6m, concrete, in installation process, first dig a foundation ditch 13 in the position of choosing installation monitoring station, foundation ditch 13 is of a size of 1.5m × 1.5m × 1.5m, concrete wire pole 3 ' keeps vertical state to be erected in foundation ditch 13, and boring the circular hole that a diameter is 50mm and placing the Polyvinylchloride that a diameter is 50mm (Polyvinyl chloride polymer apart from concrete wire pole 3 ' 1.3m place, bottom, be called for short: PVC) pipe, boring apart from concrete wire pole 3 ' 0.8m place, top the circular hole that a diameter is 50mm simultaneously, power lead between each device is connected through 3 ' two circular holes of concrete wire pole with data line, and this end of placing pvc pipe is reserved the dead slot 12 of 0.40m × 0.80m, dead slot 12 is for placement angle instrument 5 and accumulator 4, except dead slot 12 regions, other parts of foundation ditch 13 are poured into a mould with cement, be poured into concordant with earth's surface, after to be cast completing, building with cement with contact position, earth's surface at concrete wire pole 3 ' is highly the observation pier 11 of 0.60m × 0.60m × 0.60m, play the effect of fixing concrete wire pole 3 ', for the ease of identification, whitewash with paint red and white the outside of observation pier 11, then, forced centering apparatus 9 is installed at the top of concrete wire pole 3 ', and strictly leveling, and GNSS antenna 1 is installed on forced centering apparatus 9, then, install suitable bracing frame additional so that the camera 8 of 360 degree to be installed at downward 0.1m place, the top of concrete wire pole 3 ', the long lightning rod 10 of 1.19m is installed at downward 0.5m place, the top of concrete wire pole 3 ', doing downlead (can be embedded in observation pier in) with Ф 10 galvanized steel bars again gets well with lightning rod 10 welding and is incorporated into earth mat, install instrument container additional at downward 1m place, the top of concrete wire pole 3 ' to deposit power-supply controller of electric 6 and GNSS specialty receiver 2, at downward 1.3m place, the top of concrete wire pole 3 ' towards south to installing suitable bracing frame additional with support solar cell panel 7, the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS station installation.
Finally it should be noted that: above each embodiment, only in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, is not intended to limit; Although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to aforementioned each embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: its technical scheme that still can record aforementioned each embodiment is modified, or some or all of technical characterictic is wherein equal to replacement; And these amendments or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (7)

1. the continuous operational monitoring of a global navigation satellite GNSS station, is characterized in that, comprising:
GNSS receiver, GNSS antenna, accumulator, support, wherein, described GNSS antenna is placed in the top of described support, described GNSS receiver is placed in the middle part of described support, and described accumulator is placed in the bottom of described support, and described GNSS receiver is connected with described GNSS antenna, described GNSS receiver is sent to base station server for the earth's surface locating information that described GNSS antenna is obtained, and described accumulator is used for providing power supply.
2. the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS according to claim 1 station, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Inclinator, described inclinator is placed in the bottom of described support, and described inclinator is connected with described GNSS receiver, and described GNSS receiver is sent to described base station server for the surface movement information that described inclinator is detected.
3. the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS according to claim 1 and 2 station, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Camera, described camera is arranged on described support and between described GNSS antenna and described GNSS receiver, and described camera is for region, continuous purpose monitoring station and to described base station server transmission of video information.
4. the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS according to claim 3 station, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Lightning rod, described lightning rod is arranged on described support and between described camera and described GNSS receiver, and described lightning rod is for preventing that described GNSS receiver is subject to the destruction of the induction thunder of thunder and described battery feed.
5. the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS according to claim 1 station, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Forced centering apparatus, described forced centering apparatus is arranged on the top of described support, for described GNSS antenna is installed.
6. the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS according to claim 1 station, is characterized in that, described accumulator charges by solar panel.
7. the continuous operational monitoring of GNSS according to claim 1 station, is characterized in that, described support is by observing pier and concrete wire pole form, and described observation pier is for fixing described concrete wire pole, and the height of described concrete wire pole is not less than 6m.
CN201410139201.XA 2014-04-08 2014-04-08 The continuous operational monitoring station of GNSS Active CN103913146B (en)

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CN104913745A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-16 成都边界元科技有限公司 Energy-saving and safe disaster monitoring station device based on Beidou satellite
CN105652288A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-06-08 陕西永诺信息科技有限公司 Novel Beidou foundation reinforcing system
CN106895821A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-06-27 成都中电卓景智能科技有限公司 A kind of settlement monitoring street lamp based on BEI-DOU position system
CN107547049A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-01-05 华南师范大学 The monitoring method and monitoring system of a kind of photovoltaic array
CN109548189A (en) * 2017-08-10 2019-03-29 南京金正奇交通设备有限责任公司 A kind of dedicated GNSS receiver of high-speed rail monitoring
CN110958028A (en) * 2018-11-12 2020-04-03 广东星舆科技有限公司 Signal receiving device and installation method and starting method thereof
CN111561903A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-08-21 北京讯腾智慧科技股份有限公司 Bridge deformation monitoring system and method
CN112284335A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-29 国网江苏省电力有限公司盐城供电分公司 Pole tower settlement and inclination monitoring system and method based on Beidou positioning
CN112629488A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-09 北京市燃气集团有限责任公司 Beidou-based settlement monitoring method and system

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CN104360352A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-18 广州中海达定位技术有限公司 GNSS receiver disassembly and assembly device
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CN104913745A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-16 成都边界元科技有限公司 Energy-saving and safe disaster monitoring station device based on Beidou satellite
CN105652288A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-06-08 陕西永诺信息科技有限公司 Novel Beidou foundation reinforcing system
CN106895821B (en) * 2017-03-06 2019-03-12 成都中电卓景智能科技有限公司 A kind of settlement monitoring street lamp based on BEI-DOU position system
CN106895821A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-06-27 成都中电卓景智能科技有限公司 A kind of settlement monitoring street lamp based on BEI-DOU position system
CN109548189A (en) * 2017-08-10 2019-03-29 南京金正奇交通设备有限责任公司 A kind of dedicated GNSS receiver of high-speed rail monitoring
CN107547049A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-01-05 华南师范大学 The monitoring method and monitoring system of a kind of photovoltaic array
CN110958028A (en) * 2018-11-12 2020-04-03 广东星舆科技有限公司 Signal receiving device and installation method and starting method thereof
CN110958028B (en) * 2018-11-12 2022-02-08 广东星舆科技有限公司 Signal receiving device
CN111561903A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-08-21 北京讯腾智慧科技股份有限公司 Bridge deformation monitoring system and method
CN111561903B (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-30 北京讯腾智慧科技股份有限公司 Bridge deformation monitoring system and method
CN112284335A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-29 国网江苏省电力有限公司盐城供电分公司 Pole tower settlement and inclination monitoring system and method based on Beidou positioning
CN112629488A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-09 北京市燃气集团有限责任公司 Beidou-based settlement monitoring method and system

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Address after: 232001 Anhui Province, Huainan city tianjia'an district Mountain Road No. 1

Patentee after: HUAINAN MINING INDUSTRY (Group) Co.,Ltd.

Patentee after: Anhui University of Science and Technology

Patentee after: JIANGSU KEBO SPACE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 232001 Anhui Province, Huainan city tianjia'an district Mountain Road No. 1

Patentee before: HUAINAN MINING INDUSTRY (Group) Co.,Ltd.

Patentee before: Anhui University of Science and Technology

Patentee before: NANJING KEBO SPACE INFORMATION TECH Co.,Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder