CN106368461B - A kind of swinging stereo garage unit - Google Patents

A kind of swinging stereo garage unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106368461B
CN106368461B CN201610306455.5A CN201610306455A CN106368461B CN 106368461 B CN106368461 B CN 106368461B CN 201610306455 A CN201610306455 A CN 201610306455A CN 106368461 B CN106368461 B CN 106368461B
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China
Prior art keywords
bearing
horizontal
bearing block
supporting base
guide rail
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CN201610306455.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106368461A (en
Inventor
胡义华
杨柳生
靳龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liuzhou Tiger Machinery Co Ltd
Guangxi University of Science and Technology
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Liuzhou Tiger Machinery Co Ltd
Guangxi University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN2015104402234 priority Critical
Priority to CN201510440223 priority
Application filed by Liuzhou Tiger Machinery Co Ltd, Guangxi University of Science and Technology filed Critical Liuzhou Tiger Machinery Co Ltd
Publication of CN106368461A publication Critical patent/CN106368461A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/06Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars with means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of swinging stereo garage unit, including horizontal guide rail, supporting base, bearing block, bearing square column, upper frame, elevating mechanism, horizontal rotary mechanism and horizontal mobile mechanism, horizontal guide rail is fixedly mounted on the ground, supporting base is mounted on horizontal guide rail, can be moved along guide rail under the driving of horizontal mobile mechanism;Bearing square column is fixedly mounted on the middle part of supporting base, and bearing block is slidably mounted on by bearing on bearing square column, and upper frame is fixedly connected on bearing block;Elevating mechanism is connect with bearing block, and driving bearing block does bottom and top feed along bearing square column by bearing and moves;Horizontal rotary mechanism is installed on bearing block, and driving bearing horizontally rotates, so that bearing block horizontally rotates so that upper frame rotation.The present invention overcomes prior art practicability, the defect of operability difference, be it is a kind of it is novel, go out that storage is convenient, efficient three-dimensional double parking garage units.

Description

A kind of swinging stereo garage unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Multilayer garage, specially a kind of swinging stereo garage unit.
Background technology
Personal and unit possesses that car is more and more common, and parking garage, parking stall become the society of extremely critical shortage Problem, therefore high efficiency stereo garage receives attention, has also obtained very fast development, currently, what is be gradually applied is big The stereo garage in medium-sized parking lot.For family's private garage parking, also there are a variety of three-dimensional double parking garage patterns, but practical Property and operability there is also many problems, when such as upper vehicle outbound, the next vehicle must first sail out of garage, upper vehicle could decline and It is driven out to, it is inconvenient to exchange.It develops one kind and going out storage conveniently, the high efficiency stereo garage unit of not additional land occupation area will Have great importance and extensive market.
Invention content
The present invention exactly to overcome drawbacks described above, provide it is a kind of it is novel, go out that storage is convenient, efficient three-dimensional double parking stalls Garage unit.
To achieve the above object, technical scheme is as follows:
The swinging stereo garage unit of the present invention, including horizontal guide rail, supporting base, bearing block, bearing square column, upper Frame, elevating mechanism, horizontal rotary mechanism and horizontal mobile mechanism, the horizontal guide rail is fixedly mounted on the ground, described Supporting base is mounted on horizontal guide rail, can be moved along guide rail under the driving of horizontal mobile mechanism;The bearing square column Lower end is fixedly mounted on the middle part of supporting base, and the bearing block is slidably mounted on by bearing on bearing square column, described Upper frame be fixedly connected on bearing block;
The elevating mechanism is connect with bearing block, and driving bearing block does bottom and top feed fortune by bearing along bearing square column It is dynamic;
The horizontal rotary mechanism is installed on bearing block, and driving bearing horizontally rotates, so that bearing block is horizontal Rotation so that upper frame rotation.
The elevating mechanism includes lifting idler wheel, lift servo motor, lifting sprocket, elevating chain, extension spring, institute The lifting idler wheel stated forms with bearing square column and coordinates mounted on the both sides up and down of bearing block, can be on bearing square column on work Lower rolling;The lift servo motor is fixedly mounted on the top of bearing square column;The lifting sprocket is mounted on lifting and watches It takes on the output shaft of motor, is set with elevating chain thereon;One end of the elevating chain is fixedly connected with the bearing seat, another End is connect with the upper end of extension spring;The lower end of the extension spring is connect with supporting base.
The horizontal rotary mechanism includes radial thrust bearing, rotates horizontally servo motor, worm gear, described centripetal to push away Power bearing is mounted on the upper and lower part of bearing block;The worm gear is fixedly mounted on the outer of the radial thrust bearing on bearing block top On circle, the horizontal rotation servo motor is fixedly mounted on bearing block, is engaged by worm and wheel, is passed through turbine and worm Structure deflecting rear-guard moves radial thrust bearing, and upper frame is pushed to rotate.
The horizontal mobile mechanism includes horizontal roller, rack, horizontal servo motor;The rack is fixedly mounted on In horizontal guide rail;The horizontal roller is located at the both sides of supporting base, is installed on the rack in horizontal guide rail;The water Flat servo motor is fixedly mounted on supporting base, output shaft equipped with wheel and rack engage, by gear rotates It is moved on rack, and then drives horizontal roller that supporting base is enable to do feed motion along horizontal guide rail.
The swinging stereo garage unit further includes longitudinally reinforced holder, lateral reinforced support, and the longitudinal direction adds The lower end of strong holder is mounted on the tail end of supporting base, and the lateral reinforced support is at horizontality, one end and bearing square column Upper end connection, the other end connect with the upper end of longitudinally reinforced holder.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows:
When work, the next vehicle directly passes in and out garage;When upper vehicle need to be put in storage, the operation for first passing through electric cabinet panel is realized Corresponding electrical control, sequence are run:First by the transmission of horizontal servo motor and rack, make entire supporting base and upper Frame is moved to by horizontal guide rail in front of garage;Pass through the transmission of rotary servovalve motor and worm gear and radial thrust bearing again It pushes, bearing block is made to rotate horizontally 90o together with upper frame;Then pass through lift servo motor and lifting sprocket and elevating chain Transmission, so that elevating mechanism is dropped to the bottom of foundation together with upper frame, upper vehicle to be put in storage drives into upper frame;Opposite behaviour is pressed again Make and run, upper frame is made to realize that rising, reversed turning 90o, horizontal retrogressing stop as defined in being moved to together with upper vehicle in order Truck position;When upper vehicle outbound, operation and operation order with it is upper opposite;The manual-operating mechanism being arranged on three servo motors, Power failure occasion can encountered, using the manual method of operation realize upper vehicle go out storage.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
Garage of the present invention is modular bit patterns of getting on or off the bus, the combined type moved horizontally, rotated using upper frame, lifted What motion mode realized upper vehicle goes out storage, and without moving for parking space, i.e., it is mutual indepedent to go out storage for upper and lower trolley, And not additional occupied ground area, it is easy to operate, it can be widely applied to home-use garage, residential quarters garage, unit garage etc. Occasion.
It is provided with manual-operating mechanism and function in three servo motors and deceleration mechanism assembly, therefore, even if meeting To power failure occasion, upper vehicle can also be realized using the manual method of operation goes out storage.
The final stage of three deceleration mechanisms is all made of worm and gear slowing-down structure form, has self-locking function, therefore go out storage Operation and off-position state are reliable.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic front view of the present invention
Fig. 2 is that the right side of the present invention regards schematic diagram
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of the present invention
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged view of the present invention
Each serial number and title are as follows in figure:
1- horizontal guide rails;2- supporting bases;3- bearing blocks;4- supports square column;The upper framves of 5-;The longitudinally reinforced holders of 6-;7- Lateral reinforced support;
11- lifts idler wheel;12- lift servo motors;13- lifting sprockets;14- elevating chains;15- extension springs;
21- radial thrust bearings;22- rotates horizontally servo motor;23- worm gears;
31- horizontal rollers;32- racks;33- horizontal servo motors.
Specific implementation mode
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figs 1-4, including horizontal guide rail 1, supporting base 2, bearing block 3, bearing square column 4, upper frame 5, elevator Structure, horizontal rotary mechanism and horizontal mobile mechanism, the horizontal guide rail 1 are fixedly mounted on the ground, the supporting base 2 On horizontal guide rail 1, it can be moved along guide rail under the driving of horizontal mobile mechanism;The lower end of the bearing square column 4 is solid Dingan County is on the middle part of supporting base 2, and the bearing block 3 is slidably mounted on by bearing on bearing square column 4, and described is upper Position frame 5 is fixedly connected on bearing block 3;
The elevating mechanism is connect with bearing block 3, driving bearing block 3 by bearing along bearing square column 4 do up and down into To movement;
The horizontal rotary mechanism is installed on bearing block 3, and driving bearing horizontally rotates, so that 3 water of bearing block Flat turn is dynamic so that upper frame 5 rotates.
The elevating mechanism includes lifting idler wheel 11, lift servo motor 12, lifting sprocket 13, elevating chain 14, draws Spring 15 is stretched, the lifting idler wheel 11 is mounted on the both sides up and down of bearing block 3, and is formed and coordinated with bearing square column 4, Neng Gou It is scrolled up and down on bearing square column 4;The lift servo motor 12 is fixedly mounted on the top of bearing square column 4;The liter Descending chain wheel 13 is mounted on the output shaft of lift servo motor 12, is set with elevating chain 14 thereon;The elevating chain 14 One end be fixedly connected with bearing block 3, the other end is connect with the upper end of extension spring 15;The lower end of the extension spring 15 with Supporting base 2 connects.
The horizontal rotary mechanism includes radial thrust bearing 21, rotates horizontally servo motor 22, worm gear 23, described Radial thrust bearing 21 is mounted on the upper and lower part of bearing block 3;The worm gear 23 is fixedly mounted on the centripetal of 3 top of bearing block On the outer ring of thrust bearing 21, the horizontal rotation servo motor 22 is fixedly mounted on bearing block 3, passes through worm and wheel 23 engagements move radial thrust bearing 21 by turbine and worm structure deflecting rear-guard, upper frame 5 are pushed to rotate.
The horizontal mobile mechanism includes horizontal roller 31, rack 32, horizontal servo motor 33;The rack 32 is solid Dingan County is in horizontal guide rail 1;The horizontal roller 31 is located at the both sides of supporting base 2, the tooth being installed in horizontal guide rail 1 On item 32;The horizontal servo motor 33 is fixedly mounted on supporting base 2, and output shaft is nibbled equipped with wheel and rack 32 It closes, is moved on rack 32 by the way that gear rotate, and then drive horizontal roller 31 enables supporting base 2 to be led along level Rail 1 does feed motion.
The swinging stereo garage unit further includes longitudinally reinforced holder 6, lateral reinforced support 7, the longitudinal direction The lower end of reinforced support 6 is mounted on the tail end of supporting base 2, and the lateral reinforced support 7 is at horizontality, one end and branch The upper end connection of square column 4 is held, the other end is connect with the upper end of longitudinally reinforced holder 6.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows:
When work, the next vehicle directly passes in and out garage;When upper vehicle need to be put in storage, the operation for first passing through electric cabinet panel is realized Corresponding electrical control, sequence are run:As shown in figure 3, first by the transmission of horizontal servo motor 33 and rack 32, make entire 2. bearing block 3 and upper frame 5 are moved horizontally to garage front front position;Again by rotating horizontally servo motor 22 and worm gear 23 Transmission, make bearing block 3 together with upper frame 5 turn round 90o to position 1.;Then lift servo motor 12 and lifting sprocket 13 and The transmission of elevating chain 14, makes elevating mechanism drop to foundation ground together with upper frame 5, and upper vehicle to be put in storage drives into upper frame 5;Inverse operation and operation are pressed again, so that upper frame 5 is realized together with upper vehicle in order and are risen, retired after reverse rotation 90o, level It moves to defined parking position;When upper vehicle outbound, operation and operation order with it is upper opposite;The hand being arranged on three servo motors Pneumatic operating mechanism can encounter power failure occasion, using the manual method of operation realize upper vehicle go out storage.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of swinging stereo garage unit, including horizontal guide rail(1), supporting base(2), bearing block(3), bearing square column (4), upper frame(5), elevating mechanism, horizontal rotary mechanism and horizontal mobile mechanism, it is characterised in that:The horizontal guide rail (1)It is fixedly mounted on the ground, the supporting base(2)Mounted on horizontal guide rail(1)On, it can be in the drive of horizontal mobile mechanism It is moved along guide rail under dynamic;The bearing square column(4)Lower end be fixedly mounted on supporting base(2)Middle part on, the axis Bearing(3)It is slidably mounted on bearing square column by bearing(4)On, the upper frame(5)It is fixedly connected on bearing block(3)On;
The elevating mechanism and bearing block(3)Connection drives bearing block(3)By bearing along bearing square column(4)It does up and down Feed motion;
The horizontal rotary mechanism is installed on bearing block(3)On, driving bearing horizontally rotates, so that bearing block(3)Water Flat turn is dynamic so that upper frame(5)Rotation;
The elevating mechanism includes lifting idler wheel(11), lift servo motor(12), lifting sprocket(13), elevating chain (14), extension spring(15), the lifting idler wheel(11)Mounted on bearing block(3)Both sides up and down, and with bearing square column(4) Cooperation is formed, it can be in bearing square column(4)It is upper to scroll up and down;The lift servo motor(12)It is fixedly mounted on bearing side Column(4)Top;The lifting sprocket(13)Mounted on lift servo motor(12)Output shaft on, be set with lifting thereon Chain(14);The elevating chain(14)One end and bearing block(3)It is fixedly connected, the other end and extension spring(15)It is upper End connection;The extension spring(15)Lower end and supporting base(2)Connection;
The horizontal rotary mechanism includes radial thrust bearing(21), rotate horizontally servo motor(22), worm gear(23), described Radial thrust bearing(21)Mounted on bearing block(3)Upper and lower part;The worm gear(23)It is fixedly mounted on bearing block(3) The radial thrust bearing on top(21)Outer ring on, the horizontal rotation servo motor(22)It is fixedly mounted on bearing block(3) On, pass through worm and wheel(23)Engagement moves radial thrust bearing by turbine and worm structure deflecting rear-guard(21), push upper Frame(5)Rotation.
2. swinging stereo garage unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The horizontal mobile mechanism includes Horizontal roller(31), rack(32), horizontal servo motor(33);The rack(32)It is fixedly mounted on horizontal guide rail(1)It is interior; The horizontal roller(31)It is located at supporting base(2)Both sides, be installed on horizontal guide rail(1)Interior rack(32)On;It is described Horizontal servo motor(33)It is fixedly mounted on supporting base(2)On, output shaft is equipped with wheel and rack(32)Engagement is led to Cross gear rotation and in rack(32)Upper movement, and then drive horizontal roller(31)Make supporting base(2)It can be along level Guide rail(1)Do feed motion.
3. swinging stereo garage unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It further include longitudinally reinforced holder(6)、 Lateral reinforced support(7), the longitudinally reinforced holder(6)Lower end be mounted on supporting base(2 )Tail end, the cross To reinforced support(7)At horizontality, one end and bearing square column(4)Upper end connection, the other end and longitudinally reinforced holder(6)'s Upper end connects.
CN201610306455.5A 2015-07-24 2016-05-11 A kind of swinging stereo garage unit Active CN106368461B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2015104402234 2015-07-24
CN201510440223 2015-07-24

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CN106368461A CN106368461A (en) 2017-02-01
CN106368461B true CN106368461B (en) 2018-08-14

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CN201620419832.1U Active CN205713310U (en) 2015-07-24 2016-05-11 A kind of swinging multi-storied garage unit
CN201610306455.5A Active CN106368461B (en) 2015-07-24 2016-05-11 A kind of swinging stereo garage unit

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205713310U (en) * 2015-07-24 2016-11-23 广西科技大学 A kind of swinging multi-storied garage unit
CN108756361A (en) * 2018-06-05 2018-11-06 浙江工贸职业技术学院 A kind of stereo garage

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1803874A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2007-07-04 Kuo Hsuen Huang A parking device
CN102296846A (en) * 2011-06-18 2011-12-28 区伟忠 Non-interference three-dimensional parking place
CN103334602A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-10-02 曹孝培 Double-rail type non-avoidance three-dimensional parking equipment
CN103343635A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-10-09 曹孝培 Single-track non-avoiding three-dimensional parking equipment
CN103603515A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-02-26 浙江诺力机械股份有限公司 Three-dimensional parking device
CN203947826U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-11-19 上海新泊乐停车设备有限公司 Double track is without dodging parking apparatus
CN203977932U (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-12-03 杨振华 Stereo parking facility
CN204299233U (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-04-29 安徽乐库智能停车设备有限公司 A kind of double-deck parking device automatically
CN104763188A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-07-08 江苏腾发建筑机械有限公司 Three-dimensional parking garage
CN205713310U (en) * 2015-07-24 2016-11-23 广西科技大学 A kind of swinging multi-storied garage unit

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1803874A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2007-07-04 Kuo Hsuen Huang A parking device
CN102296846A (en) * 2011-06-18 2011-12-28 区伟忠 Non-interference three-dimensional parking place
CN103334602A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-10-02 曹孝培 Double-rail type non-avoidance three-dimensional parking equipment
CN103343635A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-10-09 曹孝培 Single-track non-avoiding three-dimensional parking equipment
CN103603515A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-02-26 浙江诺力机械股份有限公司 Three-dimensional parking device
CN203947826U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-11-19 上海新泊乐停车设备有限公司 Double track is without dodging parking apparatus
CN203977932U (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-12-03 杨振华 Stereo parking facility
CN204299233U (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-04-29 安徽乐库智能停车设备有限公司 A kind of double-deck parking device automatically
CN104763188A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-07-08 江苏腾发建筑机械有限公司 Three-dimensional parking garage
CN205713310U (en) * 2015-07-24 2016-11-23 广西科技大学 A kind of swinging multi-storied garage unit

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CN205713310U (en) 2016-11-23
CN106368461A (en) 2017-02-01

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