CN106239670A - A kind of high-quality willow softening agent - Google Patents

A kind of high-quality willow softening agent Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106239670A
CN106239670A CN201610846199.9A CN201610846199A CN106239670A CN 106239670 A CN106239670 A CN 106239670A CN 201610846199 A CN201610846199 A CN 201610846199A CN 106239670 A CN106239670 A CN 106239670A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
softening agent
willow
seed
flixweed
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610846199.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李可成
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Funan Zhongtai Crafts Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Funan Zhongtai Crafts Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Funan Zhongtai Crafts Co Ltd filed Critical Funan Zhongtai Crafts Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610846199.9A priority Critical patent/CN106239670A/en
Publication of CN106239670A publication Critical patent/CN106239670A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/02Processes; Apparatus
    • B27K3/0207Pretreatment of wood before impregnation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/02Processes; Apparatus
    • B27K3/08Impregnating by pressure, e.g. vacuum impregnation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/52Impregnating agents containing mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K5/00Treating of wood not provided for in groups B27K1/00, B27K3/00
    • B27K5/04Combined bleaching or impregnating and drying of wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K5/00Treating of wood not provided for in groups B27K1/00, B27K3/00
    • B27K5/06Softening or hardening of wood

Abstract

A kind of high-quality willow softening agent of disclosure of the invention, is made up of following component: nano diatomite, ammonia spirit, potassium chloride, Sorbitol, Kurrol's salt, glycerol, SAS, flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution, water.Willow softening agent prepared by the present invention compounds with ammonia, nano diatomite, potassium chloride, Kurrol's salt, coordinate under the cooperative interaction of flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution and glycerol again, acquisition bating effect is good, the process time is few, and safety is high, coordinated effect between each composition of the present invention, make the willow workpiece after willow softening agent of the present invention processes, intensity after dryness finalization is high, good toughness, structure is compacted, and surface is smooth, greatly improves the additional use value of willow.

Description

A kind of high-quality willow softening agent
Technical field
The present invention relates to treating of wood field, particularly relate to a kind of high-quality willow softening agent.
Background technology
Willow is a kind of important furniture and artware raw material, and willow is a kind of material lacking plasticity, and willow is in processing Generally require during for product and first carry out a series of sofening treatment, improve its plasticity, in order to the machine-shaping in later stage.Generally adopt Sofening treatment method be decocting in water, the spray physical method such as steaming or carry out sofening treatment by the chemical liquids such as liquefied ammonia, liquid caustic soda, tradition The willow fiber crossed of disposal methods generally there is the problem that intensity reduces, product after strong influence plasticizing aftershaping Serviceability.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, the invention provides a kind of high-quality willow softening agent.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent, is made up of following component: modified Nano kieselguhr 0.1-0.3, ammonia are molten by weight Liquid 22-32, potassium chloride 0.3-0.5, Sorbitol 0.8-1.0, Kurrol's salt 1-3, glycerol 3-5, SAS 0.4-0.6, flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution 2-4, water 100-120;The preparation method of described flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution is: by flixweed tansymustard seed First it is exposed to the sun under the sun 1 day, then flixweed tansymustard seed is mixed by the mass ratio of 1:18 with the hydrochloric acid solution that mass concentration is 2.5% Closing and add in container, at 18 DEG C, stirring is placed under ultrasonic environment and carries out activation processing for 25 minutes, and ultrasonic power is 240W, the time is 20 minutes, then takes out, and uses clear water that flixweed tansymustard seed is carried out surface clean, by flixweed tansymustard seed with water by 1: After 10 mass ratio mixing, big fire is heated to boiling, then turns little fire and continues heating 10 minutes, then naturally cools to room temperature, Carry out solid-liquid separation, obtain filtrate A and digested flixweed tansymustard seed, digested flixweed tansymustard seed is dried to water content and reaches 25%, then digested flixweed tansymustard seed is used 65-70% concentration of volume percent alcohol solvent, by solid-liquid ratio 1:18, at 48- Reflux, extract, 1-1.5h at 50 DEG C, is centrifuged to obtain supernatant, then carries out rotary evaporation concentration, then lyophilization, must be consolidated Body extract, adds in filtrate A by solid extract, after stirring 25 minutes with 240r/min rotating speed, obtains flixweed tansymustard seed Extracting solution.
Further, described ammonia spirit be mass concentration be the ammonia spirit of 34%.
Further, described water is deionized water.
Further, the flixweed tansymustard seed used in described flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution preparation method is descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl plant First Year The seed of knot.
Further, the diatomaceous preparation method of described modified Nano is: by kieselguhr that granularity is 20nm by 1:10 matter Amount ratio is added in the sulfonic acid solutions that mass concentration is 1.96%, and at 12 DEG C, after soaking 30 minutes, dropping mass concentration is The sodium hydroxide solution of 0.24%, during until pH value of solution reaches 10, stops, temperature is adjusted to 48 DEG C, after continuing to soak 20 points, Filter, use clean water, then skin drying, by adding modified Nano diatom land reform in softening agent of the present invention The feel of kind fiber, anti-soil water resistance can be significantly improved.
Further, the using method of described willow softening agent is: willow is processed into the workpiece of required specification, first will Workpiece relative air humidity be 30%, temperature be 38 DEG C in the environment of place 1-2 days, then workpiece is completely immersed in willow soft Carrying out airtight impregnating by pressure in agent, initial processing temperature is 18-20 DEG C, and the process time is 35-45min, and processing pressure is 0.2-0.4MPa, then regulation treatment temperature is to 60-70 DEG C, and the process time is 30-40min, and processing pressure is 0.5-0.8MPa, Process takes out workpiece after terminating, and surface is dried after using clean water;The present invention can be made by this processing method Softening agent can penetrate in willow fiber faster, and in flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution, effective ingredient is attached on fiber, thus pole The big thermoplasticity that improve willow wood fibre and thermosetting, the effect of the fibre structure that reaches to compact, the willow work after sizing Part intensity averagely improves more than 50%, plasticity strong, durable, and structure is compacted, and the softening time greatly reduces, and relatively uses common side The time that willow is used common softening agent to need by method decreases more than 50%, has saved the loss of the energy greatly.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: willow softening agent prepared by the present invention is with ammonia, nano diatomite, potassium chloride, poly- Potassium metaphosphate compounds, then coordinates under the cooperative interaction of flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution and glycerol, it is thus achieved that bating effect is good, The process time is few, and safety is high, and softening agent can be easier to enter the amorphous region of willow, so that under the elastic modelling quantity of willow Dropping, the softening time greatly reduces, when softening agent uses, by first processing willow, then carries out twice different temperatures With penetrate in willow fiber under the effect of pressure, in flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution, effective ingredient is attached on fiber, thus pole The big thermoplasticity that improve willow wood fibre and thermosetting, the effect of the fibre structure that reaches to compact, the willow work after sizing Part intensity averagely improves more than 50%, and structure is compacted, and solves the intensity reduction problem that common wood softening agent brings, passes through Coordinated effect between each composition of the present invention so that the willow workpiece after willow softening agent of the present invention processes, is dried Intensity after sizing is high, good toughness, and structure is compacted, and surface is smooth, greatly improves the additional use value of willow.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent, is made up of following component by weight: modified Nano kieselguhr 0.1, ammonia spirit 22, Potassium chloride 0.3, Sorbitol 0.8, Kurrol's salt 1, glycerol 3, SAS 0.4, flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution 2, water 100。
Embodiment 2
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent, is made up of following component by weight: modified Nano kieselguhr 0.3, ammonia spirit 32, Potassium chloride 0.5, Sorbitol 1.0, Kurrol's salt 3, glycerol 5, SAS 0.6, flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution 4, water 120。
Embodiment 3
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent, is made up of following component by weight: modified Nano kieselguhr 0.2, ammonia spirit 26, Potassium chloride 0.4, Sorbitol 0.9, Kurrol's salt 2, glycerol 4, SAS 0.5, flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution 3, water 110。
Use 1mm thickness willow workpiece carry out performance test (with untreated willow workpiece contrast):
Intensity improves % Density improves % 24h water absorption rate reduces % Shrinkage factor % Minimum profile curvature radius
Embodiment 1 50 13.6 45.5 2.1 4.13
Embodiment 2 52 13.9 46.0 1.6 4.09
Embodiment 3 51 13.7 45.7 1.9 4.11
Comparative example 1 36 8.3 32.6 4.3 4.26
Comparative example 2 46 12.2 42.4 2.6 4.16
Comparative example 3 40 13.5 35.5 2.3 4.19
Table 1
Wherein, comparative example 1 is: without the descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl extracting solution in the embodiment of the present invention 1, other components unchanged, using method Constant;
Comparative example 2 is: use descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl plant Second Year knot when being prepared by the descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl extracting solution in the embodiment of the present invention 1 Seed, other components unchanged, using method is constant;
Comparative example 3 is: without the modified Nano kieselguhr in the embodiment of the present invention 1, other components unchanged, using method is not Become;
As can be seen from Table 1, the willow workpiece superior performance after softening agent of the present invention processes, bating effect is good, after softening Workpiece size good stability;Without descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl extracting solution, the willow workpiece performance after softening substantially reduces, and bating effect is also Substantially reduce, the willow after softening agent softening prepared by the descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl extracting solution using the seed of descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl plant Second Year knot to prepare Workpiece, various aspects of performance has and to a certain degree reduces, and the willow that the softening agent prepared without modified Nano kieselguhr processes is strong Degree promotes effect and water-fast is decreased obviously, and bating effect also has and to a certain degree declines.

Claims (6)

1. a high-quality willow softening agent, it is characterised in that be made up of following component by weight: modified Nano kieselguhr 0.1-0.3, ammonia spirit 22-32, potassium chloride 0.3-0.5, Sorbitol 0.8-1.0, Kurrol's salt 1-3, glycerol 3-5, SAS 0.4-0.6, flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution 2-4, water 100-120;The preparation method of described flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution For: flixweed tansymustard seed is first exposed to the sun 1 day under the sun, is then that the hydrochloric acid solution of 2.5% is by 1:18 by flixweed tansymustard seed with mass concentration Mass ratio mixing add in container, at 18 DEG C, stirring is placed under ultrasonic environment and carries out activation processing for 25 minutes, super Acoustic power is 240W, and the time is 20 minutes, then takes out, and uses clear water flixweed tansymustard seed to be carried out surface clean, by descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl After seed is mixed by 1:10 mass ratio with water, big fire is heated to boiling, then turns little fire and continues heating 10 minutes, the coldest But to room temperature, carry out solid-liquid separation, obtain filtrate A and digested flixweed tansymustard seed, digested flixweed tansymustard seed is dried to Water content reaches 25%, then digested flixweed tansymustard seed is used 65-70% concentration of volume percent alcohol solvent, by solid-liquid ratio 1: 18, reflux, extract, 1-1.5h at 48-50 DEG C, it is centrifuged to obtain supernatant, then carries out rotary evaporation concentration, then lyophilization, i.e. Solid extract must be obtained, solid extract is added in filtrate A, after stirring 25 minutes with 240r/min rotating speed, to obtain final product Flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution.
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described ammonia spirit is mass concentration It it is the ammonia spirit of 34%.
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described water is deionized water.
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that prepared by described flixweed tansymustard seed extracting solution The flixweed tansymustard seed used in method is the seed of descurainia sophia (l.) webb ex prantl plant First Year knot.
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the diatomaceous system of described modified Nano Preparation Method is: add in the sulfonic acid solutions that mass concentration is 1.96% by the kieselguhr that granularity is 20nm by 1:10 mass ratio, At 12 DEG C, after soaking 30 minutes, dropping mass concentration is the sodium hydroxide solution of 0.24%, during until pH value of solution reaches 10, stops Only, temperature is adjusted to 48 DEG C, after continuing to soak 20 points, filters, use clean water, then skin drying,.
A kind of high-quality willow softening agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the use of described willow softening agent Method is: willow is processed into the workpiece of required specification, first by workpiece relative air humidity be 30%, temperature be the ring of 38 DEG C Placing 1-2 days under border, be then completely immersed in by workpiece in willow softening agent and carry out airtight impregnating by pressure, initial processing temperature is 18-20 DEG C, the process time is 35-45min, and processing pressure is 0.2-0.4MPa, and then regulation treatment temperature is to 60-70 DEG C, place The reason time is 30-40min, and processing pressure is 0.5-0.8MPa, and process takes out workpiece after terminating, and surface uses clean water laggard Row is dried.
CN201610846199.9A 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of high-quality willow softening agent Pending CN106239670A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610846199.9A CN106239670A (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of high-quality willow softening agent

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610846199.9A CN106239670A (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of high-quality willow softening agent

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106239670A true CN106239670A (en) 2016-12-21

Family

ID=57611755

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610846199.9A Pending CN106239670A (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of high-quality willow softening agent

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106239670A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107398972A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-11-28 阜南县猛发工艺品有限公司 A kind of processing method for improving hook leaf rattan material toughness
CN108748537A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-06 阜南县永盛工艺品有限公司 A kind of thick purple willow softening agent
CN108858603A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-23 安徽阜南县万家和工艺品有限公司 A kind of willow environmental protection softening agent
CN108858607A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-23 安徽宏润工艺品有限公司 A kind of twigs of the chaste tree sofening treatment liquid

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105522629A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-04-27 安徽雪峰木业有限公司 Wood softening agent capable of giving fire retardant and fireproof performances to wood and preparation method thereof
CN105563588A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-05-11 阜南县天亿工艺品有限公司 Wood softening agent containing lac and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105522629A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-04-27 安徽雪峰木业有限公司 Wood softening agent capable of giving fire retardant and fireproof performances to wood and preparation method thereof
CN105563588A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-05-11 阜南县天亿工艺品有限公司 Wood softening agent containing lac and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
雷立: ""播娘蒿籽中油脂、黄酮类物质提取与活性的研究"", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库 农业科技辑》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107398972A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-11-28 阜南县猛发工艺品有限公司 A kind of processing method for improving hook leaf rattan material toughness
CN108858603A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-23 安徽阜南县万家和工艺品有限公司 A kind of willow environmental protection softening agent
CN108858607A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-23 安徽宏润工艺品有限公司 A kind of twigs of the chaste tree sofening treatment liquid
CN108748537A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-06 阜南县永盛工艺品有限公司 A kind of thick purple willow softening agent

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106239670A (en) A kind of high-quality willow softening agent
CN107322721B (en) A kind of processing method improving China fir craftwork hardness
CN104437361A (en) Method for preparing functional biological carbon by in-situ impregnation
CN106393364A (en) Paulownia wood softening processing method capable of improving hand feel of paulownia wood
CN107699874B (en) Nano silver-cellulose composite material and preparation method and application thereof
CN105131317B (en) Compound water congealing glued membrane and bamboo shoots leftover bits and pieces prepare method and the application of the aquagel membrane
CN105908514A (en) Treatment method of machine washable down feather
CN104328656A (en) Antibacterial finishing method used for clothes
CN101648035B (en) Regulation and control method of mechanical strength of natural biologic material products
CN106363731A (en) Modifying agent used for strengthening dimensional stability of compound wax emulsion of quick-growing wood
CN104878477A (en) Method for preparing antibacterial alginate fibers through natural antibacterial agent
CN107352538A (en) For adsorbing the bamboo matrix activated carbon and preparation method, application method of Cr VI in water
CN106142267A (en) A kind of high-performance elm softening agent
CN105540582A (en) Preparation method for activated carbon sphere-activated carbon composite material
CN109252245B (en) Super-absorbent alginate fiber and preparation method thereof
CN105803809A (en) Treatment method of antistatic down feather capable of being deodorized
CN105803806A (en) Treatment method of down feather with long-acting electromagnetic radiation shielding effect
CN106393341A (en) Elm softening processing method
CN105862435A (en) Processing method of hydrophobic washable down
CN108211767A (en) A kind of biological environmental production preparation for being used to remove formaldehyde
CN112160036A (en) Preparation method of multifunctional viscose containing barley protein
CN111501339A (en) Composite material for wastewater treatment and preparation method thereof
CN108867036B (en) Modification treatment method for enhancing antibacterial property of polyester fiber
CN105833330A (en) Preparation method of bamboo-based nano cellulose collagen composite material
CN105536713A (en) Modified Corchorus capsularis polysaccharide, preparation and application thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20161221

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication