CN105862435A - Processing method of hydrophobic washable down - Google Patents

Processing method of hydrophobic washable down Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105862435A
CN105862435A CN201610249673.XA CN201610249673A CN105862435A CN 105862435 A CN105862435 A CN 105862435A CN 201610249673 A CN201610249673 A CN 201610249673A CN 105862435 A CN105862435 A CN 105862435A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
eider down
processing method
nano
fibers
processing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610249673.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周务农
周茂林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI WANLING DOWN AND FEATHER PRODUCTS Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI WANLING DOWN AND FEATHER PRODUCTS Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ANHUI WANLING DOWN AND FEATHER PRODUCTS Co Ltd filed Critical ANHUI WANLING DOWN AND FEATHER PRODUCTS Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610249673.XA priority Critical patent/CN105862435A/en
Publication of CN105862435A publication Critical patent/CN105862435A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M19/00Treatment of feathers

Abstract

The invention discloses a processing method of hydrophobic washable down. The processing method comprises three steps: firstly, microetching processing is carried out on down by utilizing pre-processing liquid, so that reactivity of protein fibers is improved; in the crosslinking modification process, glutaraldehyde is grafted with down fibers and nano-scaled silicon is introduced, so that the nano-scaled silicon can be firmly combined on the fibers; compared with a method which directly adds a nano material, the processing method is safer and more efficient; meanwhile, a porous structure of the nano-scaled silicon cannot influence warmth retention and air permeability properties of the down, but on the contrary, improves hydrophobicity of the down fibers, improves washing resistance, meanwhile, has excellent adsorption and reduces drift of the down. Compared with the prior art, the processing method disclosed by the invention is more efficient, is simple in production process, adopts healthy and environment-friendly raw materials, overcomes the defect that in the prior art, down is easy to drift after adsorbing water, and can be used for preparing lightweight warm down garments.

Description

A kind of processing method of wash-durable hydrophobic eider down
Technical field
The present invention relates to down fiber processing technology field, particularly relate to the processing method of a kind of wash-durable hydrophobic eider down.
Background technology
Down fiber is a kind of natural animal protein fibre, and its lightweight is bulk, air-moisture-permeable, and warming effect is splendid, is commonly used for eider down dress ornament and goods.In process of production, eiderdown raw material needs to use as inserts after a series of process, eider down woollen will through over cleaning, grease removal, deodorization, sterilize, the program such as drying, if pretreatment process is mishandling, it will directly affect the using effect of eider down.
Owing to eider down belongs to animal matter series products, itself have inflammable, easily damage by worms, easy cooperating microorganisms, added value of product are low, maintenance and washing require the shortcomings such as high, if eider down can be applied some process means, maximize favourable factors and minimize unfavourable ones, it will widen the range of down products greatly.That reports at present carries out the processing methods such as fire-retardant, antibacterial to eider down, is the most directly mixed with inorganic agent by eider down and carries out the process of simple surface, and after so processing, the effect of product is held time short, along with washing process performance can gradually lose efficacy." down fiber fire resistance after glutaraldehyde grafting dicyanodiamine processes " literary composition carries out fire-retardant graft modification process to down fiber, although improve the fire-retardant timeliness of eider down to a certain extent, but the dicyanodiamine of grafting has certain toxicity, directly contact skin has harm, and actual application value is on the low side.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is contemplated to make up the defect of prior art, it is provided that the processing method of a kind of wash-durable hydrophobic eider down.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of processing method of wash-durable hydrophobic eider down, described processing method comprises the following steps:
(1) pre-treatment: first carry out eider down washing, grease removal, be dried after remove impurity, subsequently eider down is processed 10-15h with pretreatment liquid according to the volume ratio mix and blend of 1:4-5, process is taken out after washing 3-5 time standby after terminating, wherein said pretreatment liquid is by N, N '-dimethyl Methanamide: thiourea: the weight ratio of deionized water=0.5:1:80-120 is formulated;
(2) cross-linking modified process: eider down step (1) obtained puts in the glutaraldehyde water solution that concentration is 2-5%, 1-1.5h is reacted under the conditions of 55-60 DEG C, reaction adds appropriate ammonia after terminating, regulation solution ph is 8-9, drip tetraethyl orthosilicate subsequently, dripping limit ultrasonic agitation below 50-60 DEG C of condition, filter after placing 30-40min after completion of dropwise addition, filtrate is standby after heat treatment 1-2h under the conditions of 70-80 DEG C;
(3) post processing: the product of step (2) is put into after 1.5-2h is soaked in stirring in aftertreatment fluid and takes out, cleaning 3-5 post-drying with deionized water and i.e. obtain described eider down finished product, wherein said aftertreatment fluid is that polyquaternary ammonium salt-6, ethanol, deionized water form according to the proportions of 1-1.5:20-40:100-150.
In described step (2), eider down, the volume ratio of glutaraldehyde water solution are 1:2-3, and glutaraldehyde water solution is 1:0.01-0.02 with the volume ratio of tetraethyl orthosilicate.
The present invention carries out microetch process first with pretreatment liquid to eider down, increase the reactivity of azelon, glutaraldehyde and down fiber is utilized to be grafted and introduce nano-silicon in cross-linking modified processing procedure, nano-silicon can be firmly combined on fiber, safer efficiently than directly adding nano material, the structure of nano-silicon porous does not interferes with the heat-insulation breathable of eider down simultaneously, instead down fiber hydrophobicity is improved, improve washability ability, it is provided simultaneously with excellent adsorptivity, reduces flying away of eider down.Present invention process is the most highly efficient, and production technology is simple, raw material health environment-friendly, improves the defect that tradition eider down water suction is easily flown away, can prepare frivolous warming eider down dress ornament.
Detailed description of the invention
This embodiment uses duck down feathers to process, and processes step and is:
(1) pre-treatment: first carry out eider down washing, grease removal, be dried after remove impurity, subsequently eider down is processed 10h with pretreatment liquid according to the volume ratio mix and blend of 1:4, process is taken out after washing 3 times standby after terminating, wherein said pretreatment liquid is by N, N '-dimethyl Methanamide: thiourea: the weight ratio of deionized water=0.5:1:80 is formulated;
(2) cross-linking modified process: eider down step (1) obtained puts in the glutaraldehyde water solution that concentration is 2%, 1h is reacted under the conditions of 55 DEG C, reaction adds appropriate ammonia after terminating, regulation solution ph is 8, drip tetraethyl orthosilicate subsequently, dripping limit ultrasonic agitation below 50 DEG C of conditions, filter after placing 30min after completion of dropwise addition, filtrate is standby after heat treatment 1h under the conditions of 70 DEG C;
(3) post processing: the product of step (2) is put into after 1.5h is soaked in stirring in aftertreatment fluid and takes out, cleaning 3 post-dryings with deionized water and i.e. obtain described eider down finished product, wherein said aftertreatment fluid is that polyquaternary ammonium salt, ethanol, deionized water form according to the proportions of 1:20:100.
In step (2), eider down, the volume ratio of glutaraldehyde water solution are 1:2, and glutaraldehyde water solution is 1:0.01 with the volume ratio of tetraethyl orthosilicate.
Duck down feathers sample after process is fluffy pliable and tough, still has good fluffy sense and warming effect after washing 250 times, and vapor transfer rate is 17800WVT(g/m2.d);Air penetrability is 443.0mm/s, contact angle > 120 DEG C after water drop contact 60s.

Claims (2)

1. the processing method of a wash-durable hydrophobic eider down, it is characterised in that described processing method comprises the following steps:
(1) pre-treatment: first carry out eider down washing, grease removal, be dried after remove impurity, subsequently eider down is processed 10-15h with pretreatment liquid according to the volume ratio mix and blend of 1:4-5, process is taken out after washing 3-5 time standby after terminating, wherein said pretreatment liquid is by N, N '-dimethyl Methanamide: thiourea: the weight ratio of deionized water=0.5:1:80-120 is formulated;
(2) cross-linking modified process: eider down step (1) obtained puts in the glutaraldehyde water solution that concentration is 2-5%, 1-1.5h is reacted under the conditions of 55-60 DEG C, reaction adds appropriate ammonia after terminating, regulation solution ph is 8-9, drip tetraethyl orthosilicate subsequently, dripping limit ultrasonic agitation below 50-60 DEG C of condition, filter after placing 30-40min after completion of dropwise addition, filtrate is standby after heat treatment 1-2h under the conditions of 70-80 DEG C;
(3) post processing: the product of step (2) is put into after 1.5-2h is soaked in stirring in aftertreatment fluid and takes out, cleaning 3-5 post-drying with deionized water and i.e. obtain described eider down finished product, wherein said aftertreatment fluid is that polyquaternary ammonium salt-6, ethanol, deionized water form according to the proportions of 1-1.5:20-40:100-150.
The processing method of a kind of wash-durable hydrophobic eider down the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (2), eider down, the volume ratio of glutaraldehyde water solution are 1:2-3, glutaraldehyde water solution is 1:0.01-0.02 with the volume ratio of tetraethyl orthosilicate.
CN201610249673.XA 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 Processing method of hydrophobic washable down Pending CN105862435A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610249673.XA CN105862435A (en) 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 Processing method of hydrophobic washable down

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610249673.XA CN105862435A (en) 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 Processing method of hydrophobic washable down

Publications (1)

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CN105862435A true CN105862435A (en) 2016-08-17

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108823647A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 柳桥集团有限公司 A kind of waterproof down method for processing after
CN109944078A (en) * 2019-04-04 2019-06-28 浙江茂龙家纺有限公司 A kind of nanometer of water repellent natural feather production technology

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CN103485186A (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-01-01 陕西科技大学 Method for improving filling power of down feather
CN104911813A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-16 安徽皖翎羽绒制品有限公司 Waterproof antifouling feather composite thermal insulation material and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101948574A (en) * 2010-10-15 2011-01-19 上海交通大学 Hydrophobic chitosan film containing hydrophobic nano silicon dioxide particles and preparation method thereof
CN103485186A (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-01-01 陕西科技大学 Method for improving filling power of down feather
CN104911813A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-16 安徽皖翎羽绒制品有限公司 Waterproof antifouling feather composite thermal insulation material and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108823647A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 柳桥集团有限公司 A kind of waterproof down method for processing after
CN109944078A (en) * 2019-04-04 2019-06-28 浙江茂龙家纺有限公司 A kind of nanometer of water repellent natural feather production technology
CN109944078B (en) * 2019-04-04 2021-09-14 浙江茂龙家纺有限公司 Production process of nano water-repellent down feather

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