CN106223980A - A kind of construction method of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley - Google Patents

A kind of construction method of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106223980A
CN106223980A CN201610708504.8A CN201610708504A CN106223980A CN 106223980 A CN106223980 A CN 106223980A CN 201610708504 A CN201610708504 A CN 201610708504A CN 106223980 A CN106223980 A CN 106223980A
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China
Prior art keywords
mould bases
die set
set device
cable
oil cylinder
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CN201610708504.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106223980B (en
Inventor
刘国强
王俊涛
周宝春
王永生
杨新民
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Guangzhou Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 19 Bureau Group Co Ltd
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Seventh Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 19th Bureau Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610708504.8A priority Critical patent/CN106223980B/en
Publication of CN106223980A publication Critical patent/CN106223980A/en
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Publication of CN106223980B publication Critical patent/CN106223980B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/10Lining with building materials with concrete cast in situ; Shuttering also lost shutterings, e.g. made of blocks, of metal plates or other equipment adapted therefor
    • E21D11/102Removable shuttering; Bearing or supporting devices therefor

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Geochemistry & Mineralogy (AREA)
  • Geology (AREA)
  • Underground Structures, Protecting, Testing And Restoring Foundations (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides the construction method of a kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley, wherein, tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley includes truss, running gear, Hynautio-steering, sidewall die set device, cable die set device and ditch die set device, construction method includes: construction trolley positioning step, by running gear construction trolley is moved to tunnel construction sections to be onstructed and positions;Fixing of the forming frame and aligning step, control sidewall die set device, cable die set device and ditch die set device by Hynautio-steering and move to design attitude and carry out positioning, correct and fixing;Concreting and curing step, carry out concreting to the ditch cable trench groove position set up and to after having poured, concrete carried out maintenance;Die carrier demoulding step, each die set device in the concrete after being completed maintenance by Hynautio-steering carries out the demoulding.This construction method compared with prior art, has the advantage that construction precision is high, the demoulding time is short and the construction period is short.

Description

A kind of construction method of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of tunnel construction, specifically, relate to a kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley Construction method.
Background technology
The ditch cable trench in tunnel is belonging to last one work of the appurtenant work of constructing tunnel, usually constructing tunnel Sequence, can only could organize at the middle and late stage of constructing tunnel and construct, thus generally exist great in constructing amount, the construction period is nervous Problem.Meanwhile, the problem such as the linear difference of ditch cable trench concrete construction long-term existence, construction joint be many and construction joint is difficult, and And owing to ditch cable trench is positioned at the both sides in tunnel, its presentation quality also can directly influence the overall standardization of constructing tunnel Image, so one of emphasis appurtenant work being belonging to the constructing tunnel later stage, also makes the requirement pole that it is constructed by general contractor High.
At present, traditional tunnel ditch cable trough construction mainly uses knockdown little steel form to carry out assembly, takes Build the groove position of exhalent canal cable trough.And this form of construction work makes when construction, each section of pouring be required for carrying out manual demolition, Transport, install, debug and the step of calibration template, need to put into substantial amounts of labour force.Meanwhile, this form of construction work causes construction Extremely inefficient and between steel form and steel form reinforcing pole is the most firm, is susceptible to run the situation of mould, additionally, use assembly Steel form is combined easily causing the groove bit line of ditch cable trench poor by mode so that concreting outward appearance out is not Easy to control, and the time of the demoulding at least need 14 hours, the most for a long time, so make total operation for up to 30 To 40 hours.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems referred to above, the main object of the present invention is to provide one and can improve construction precision, save the demoulding The construction method of the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley of time and shortening construction period.
To achieve these goals, the present invention provides the construction method of a kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley, wherein, Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley includes that truss, running gear, Hynautio-steering, sidewall die set device, cable mould bases fill Putting and ditch die set device, running gear is arranged on below truss, sidewall die set device, cable die set device and ditch mould bases dress Put and be installed on truss;Construction method includes:
Construction trolley positioning step, is moved tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley to tunnel construction sections to be onstructed also by running gear Position;
Fixing of the forming frame and aligning step, control sidewall die set device by Hynautio-steering and move to layout point and carry out determining Position, correct and fix, control cable die set device sink down into the first designed elevation and carry out positioning, correct and fixing, control water Ditch die set device sinks down into the second designed elevation and carries out positioning, correct and fixing, and checks cable die set device and ditch mould bases Spacing between device is also adjusted, to mounted sidewall die set device, cable die set device and ditch die set device It is fixing that two ends carries out closure;
Concreting and curing step, carry out concreting to the groove position of the ditch cable trench set up and pass through vibrating spear Concrete is vibrated, after having poured, concrete is carried out maintenance;
Die carrier demoulding step, the concrete after completing maintenance carries out the demoulding, by Hynautio-steering to sidewall die set device, Cable die set device and ditch die set device carry out the demoulding and are promoted to initial position.
Therefore, control tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley by running gear and move, and then drive construction Move together with sidewall die set device, cable die set device and ditch die set device etc. on chassis, and pass through Hynautio-steering Control each die set device and carry out action.As, the action such as the installation of each mould bases, correction and demoulding, compared with prior art, this is executed Work method without the dismounting by manually carrying out mould bases, transport, install, debug and the operation such as calibration template, save substantial amounts of labor Power.Meanwhile, the quality of the ditch cable trench pouring out by the method is higher, and the effective mould bases solving prior art exists Easily the ditch cable trench poured is caused when carrying out the demoulding and burst apart and damaging problem, convenient when the demoulding, quick, Improve construction quality and construction precision, the most farthest shorten construction period.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device includes the first oil cylinder, two wedge shape mould bases being oppositely arranged and regulation Unit, the first oil cylinder is connected between truss and regulation unit, and regulation unit is for the spacing of two wedge shape mould bases of regulation;Mould bases After installation and aligning step also include ditch die set device is sunk down into the second designed elevation, by regulation unit two wedges of regulation The spacing of shape mould bases is to designing width.
Further scheme is, die carrier demoulding step is additionally included in when ditch die set device is carried out the demoulding, by adjusting After spacing between joint unit two wedge shape mould bases of regulation, ditch die set device is being promoted.
Further scheme is, regulation unit includes carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged, regulation Handwheel is arranged on carrier bar, and the first end of the first oil cylinder is hinged with truss, and the second end of the first oil cylinder is hinged with carrier bar, often One screw rod is connected between adjusting handle and a wedge shape mould bases.
Therefore, ditch die set device is adjusted by the spacing of the wedge shape mould bases that two are oppositely arranged by regulation unit Joint so that two wedge shape mould bases are along the most relative to each other of screw rod or opposing move so that ditch die set device is carrying out the demoulding Time, convenient, quick, effectively raise construction quality and speed of application simultaneously.Compared with prior art, effectively avoid The ditch mould bases of prior art can only carry out forced stripper mechanism or by manually carrying out the percussion demoulding by oil cylinder when the demoulding, prevents Cause water groove to occur bursting apart and damaged owing to the suction between ditch mould bases and concrete is excessive when the demoulding.
Further scheme is, sidewall die set device includes sidewall mould bases, the second oil cylinder and the 3rd oil cylinder, the second oil cylinder The first end hinged with sidewall mould bases, the second end of the second oil cylinder is hinged with truss, the first end of the 3rd oil cylinder and sidewall mould bases Hinged, the second end of the 3rd oil cylinder is hinged with truss.
Therefore, the second oil cylinder of sidewall die set device, formation one between the 3rd oil cylinder and sidewall mould bases and truss Door type structure, i.e. four-bar linkage so that the later stage, sidewall mould bases was when carrying out the demoulding, the suction between sidewall mould bases and concrete Power is less, it is to avoid during the demoulding damage sidewall.
Further scheme is, sidewall die set device also includes fixing device, the first end of fixing device and sidewall mould Frame is hinged, and the second end of fixing device can with support on the ground;Fixing of the forming frame and aligning step are additionally included in sidewall mould bases dress Put to move and by fixing device, sidewall mould bases is fixed to layout point.
Therefore, construction later stage sidewall mould bases is conveniently stripped for convenience so that the second oil cylinder of sidewall die set device, Form a door type structure between 3rd oil cylinder and sidewall mould bases and truss, although and this structure is convenient when carrying out the demoulding, Quick and demoulding quality high, but poor at the anti-pressure ability of this structure of concreting stage, by arranging fixing device, make Obtain fixing device and can increase the anti-pressure ability of sidewall mould bases, prevent concrete from leaking.
Further scheme is, cable die set device, and cable die set device includes cable mould bases and the 4th oil cylinder, the 4th First end of oil cylinder is hinged with cable mould bases, and the second end of the 4th oil cylinder is hinged with truss.
Further scheme is, cable mould bases includes positioning fixture, positioning set square, adjusting nut and lead angle pipe, fixed Position fixture is fixing with cable mould bases to be connected, and positioning fixture is provided with through hole and groove;Lead angle pipe includes location division and and location division The connecting portion connected, connecting portion passes through hole, and connecting portion and adjusting nut are fixing is connected, positioning set square pass groove and Between lead angle pipe and positioning fixture, and positioning set square adjoins with lead angle pipe.
Therefore, by arranging positioning fixture, positioning set square, adjusting nut and lead angle pipe so that cable mould bases exists Carry out during the demoulding convenient, by mobile lead angle pipe so that lead angle pipe separates with concrete with the edge of cable mould bases so that Air can enter in cable trough and contact with cable mould bases, and then makes cable mould bases need not to overcome close in lifting process Close the atmospheric pressure that space is formed, reduce the suction between cable trough and cable mould bases.
Further scheme is, running gear includes a bearing, road wheel, driving motor and drives chain, drives electricity The motor cabinet of machine is fixedly mounted in a bearing, and road wheel is arranged on below a bearing, and a bearing is connected with truss, drives motor By driving chain drive road wheel.
Therefore, by driving driven by motor drive chain and then drive road wheel to rotate, control tunnel ditch Cable trough construction trolley moves along the track preset, and then is avoided by manpower and moves or need again to tunnel water Ditch cable construction chassis dismounts, and improves efficiency of construction, reduction of erection time.
Further scheme is, running gear also includes the 5th oil cylinder, and the cylinder body of the 5th oil cylinder is fixing with a bearing even Connecing, the piston rod of the 5th oil cylinder is fixing with truss to be connected.
Therefore, make it possible to whole truss is carried out the lifting of vertical direction by the 5th oil cylinder, when the 4th oil cylinder When being not enough to rise to cable mould bases and wedge shape mould bases enough demoulding height with the stroke of the first oil cylinder, by the 5th oil cylinder Control whole truss vertically to promote, it is to avoid the concrete solidified is caused damage by cable mould bases and wedge shape mould bases Bad.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is truss position relative with the running gear signal of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention Figure.
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 2 at B.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at A.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the cable die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the knot under another visual angle of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is that the first of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment of the present invention makes Use state diagram.
Figure 10 is the second of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment of the present invention Use state diagram.
Figure 11 is the 3 of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment of the present invention Use state diagram.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Detailed description of the invention
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment:
Being the structural representation of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, Fig. 1, Fig. 2 is this The truss of invention tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment and the relative position view of running gear.Tunnel ditch cable Groove construction trolley 1 includes truss 11, distribution operation system 116, Hynautio-steering 117, running gear 2, sidewall die set device 3, cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5, wherein, running gear 2 is arranged on the lower section of truss 11, tunnel ditch cable Groove construction trolley 1 realizes mobile by running gear 2, and distribution operation system 116 provides for tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 Electric power, Hynautio-steering 117 is that each oil cylinder of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 is powered and coordinates between each oil cylinder Action.
Reference Fig. 3, Fig. 3 are the enlarged drawings in Fig. 2 at B.In conjunction with Fig. 1, truss 11 includes support bar 111, pull bar 112, slides External member 113 and oil cylinder 114.First end of support bar 111 is connected with the main body of truss 11, the first end of pull bar 112 and truss 11 Main body hinged, the second end of pull bar 112 is hinged with the second end of support bar 111, carries out pouring of ditch cable trench in tunnel Time, a work platforms can be formed by laying sheet material between support bar 111, convenient construction personnel can execute in tunnel The work later stage carries out carrying out some relevant complementary operations while ditch cable trench pours, enabling carry to a certain extent High efficiency of construction, saves the engineering time, the reduction of erection time.
Sliding sleeve part 113 is socketed on support bar 111, and oil cylinder 114 is for driving axial along support bar 111 of sliding sleeve part 113 Sliding, the first end of oil cylinder 114 is hinged with truss 11, and the second end of oil cylinder 114 is hinged with sliding sleeve part 113.
Running gear 2 includes a bearing 21, road wheel 22, drives motor 23, driving chain 24 and oil cylinder 25, a bearing 21 Being positioned at below truss 11, and be connected with truss 11 by oil cylinder 25, the cylinder body of oil cylinder 25 is fixing with a bearing 21 to be connected, oil cylinder 25 Piston rod and truss 11 fixing be connected.
The motor cabinet driving motor 23 is fixedly mounted in a bearing 21, and road wheel 22 is arranged on below a bearing 21, and Road wheel 22 can rotate around the axis of self, and by driving chain 24 to be connected with the motor shaft driving motor 23, drives electricity Machine 23 is by driving chain 24 to drive road wheel 22 to move along the track 118 laid in advance, and then is avoided by needs Manpower moves or needs again again to dismount tunnel ditch cable construction chassis 1, improves the same of efficiency of construction Time the reduction of erection time.
Reference Fig. 4, Fig. 4 are the enlarged drawings in Fig. 1 at A.In conjunction with Fig. 1, sidewall die set device 3 includes sidewall mould bases 31, oil Cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and fixing device 34, wherein, fixing device 34 is jack.First end of oil cylinder 32 is hinged with truss 11, oil Second end of cylinder 32 is hinged with the end face of sidewall mould bases 31, and the first end of oil cylinder 33 is hinged with truss 11, the second end and sidewall mould The end face of frame 31 is hinged.Sidewall mould bases 31, oil cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and truss 34 form a door type structure, i.e. hinge four-bar machine Structure.
When sidewall mould bases 31 carries out the demoulding, shrink by controlling oil cylinder 33 so that sidewall mould bases 31 is close to bottom surface Side start to depart from the concrete side walls solidified, and make air enter into sidewall mould bases 31 and concrete side walls it Between, accelerate the demoulding and effectively reduce the suction between sidewall mould bases 31 and concrete.When sidewall mould bases 31 is the most de-with concrete From rear, by oil cylinder 32, sidewall mould bases 31 promoted, reclaims.The rectilinear demoulding or horizontal with existing sidewall mould bases take off Mould is compared, and the sidewall die set device 3 of the present embodiment is when carrying out the demoulding, and the suction between sidewall mould bases 31 and concrete is less, When effectively avoiding the demoulding, the sidewall to ditch cable trench damages, it is ensured that demoulding quality and construction quality, it is to avoid the later stage needs Manual repair to be carried out.
First end of fixing device 34 is hinged with the end face of sidewall mould bases 31, and the second end is separably attached with ground.By A door type structure is formed so that this structure is more square when the demoulding in sidewall mould bases 31, oil cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and truss 11 Just, quick and demoulding quality is high, but, this structure also makes the anti-pressure ability when carrying out concreting poor, easily makes Mutually the concrete heavy side wall mould bases 31 of extruding leaks out.And by arranging fixing device 34, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase sidewall mould bases The anti-pressure ability of 31, prevents concrete from leaking.Certainly, fixing device 34 can also be oil cylinder.
Reference Fig. 5, Fig. 5 are that the structure of the cable die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention is shown It is intended to.Cable die set device 4 includes cable mould bases 41, oil cylinder 42, positioning fixture 43, positioning set square 44, adjusting nut 45 and Lead angle pipe 46.
Cable mould bases 41 can be by steel form welding fabrication, and the cross section of cable mould bases 41 is trapezoidal, cable mould bases 41 Bottom surface is additionally provided with connecting portion 411, and the first end of oil cylinder 42 is hinged with connecting portion 411, the second end of oil cylinder 42 and truss 11 Sliding sleeve part 113 hinged.
Owing to cable trough and water groove are at a distance of relatively near, when the demoulding owing to suction can be produced between concrete and mould bases, hold Easily cause the concrete between water groove and cable trough and breakage occurs.And the cross section of cable mould bases 41 is fabricated to trapezoidal, energy The suction reduced between concrete and cable mould bases 41 of enough appropriateness so that cable trough is risen by cable mould bases 41 when carrying out the demoulding To protective effect, the edge of cable trough will not be caused damage.
Compared with prior art, the cable mould bases of prior art all uses integrally closed and cross section is U-shaped so that The powerful suction that air-tightness causes must be overcome, when the insufficient strength or endless of concrete when cable mould bases is carried out vertical-lift The large area that can cause ditch cable trench during full solidification is damaged, and construction period can extend.
Positioning fixture 43 fixed-link is on cable mould bases 41, and positioning fixture 43 is provided with a groove 431 and one and leads to Hole 432.Lead angle pipe 46 is provided with location division 461 and the connecting portion 462 being connected with location division 461, and location division 461 is provided with one Bracer 463, a bracer 463 adjoins with the bottom surface of cable mould bases 41, for supporting the location division 461 of lead angle pipe 46.Lead angle pipe The connecting portion of 46 is connected through through hole 432 and by adjusting nut 45 is fixing with positioning fixture 43, and positioning set square 44 is through logical Groove 431 adjoins with the location division 461 of lead angle pipe 46, to lead angle pipe 46 location and fixation.
When cable mould bases 41 needs to carry out the demoulding, unclamp fixing lead angle pipe 46 by adjusting nut 45, will simultaneously Positioning set square 44 takes off, by mobile lead angle pipe 46 so that lead angle pipe 46 separates with concrete with the edge of cable mould bases 41, Allow air to enter in cable trough and contact with cable mould bases 41, and then cable mould bases 41 is not required in lifting process The atmospheric pressure that confined space to be overcome is formed, reduces the suction between cable trough and cable mould bases 41.When cable trough mould frame 41 Carry out the demoulding when promoting, it is not necessary to applies the biggest pulling force, while when carrying out the demoulding concrete without waiting for cable trough complete Full solidification, it is possible to effectively avoid the corner angle of cable trough that breakage occurs, additionally it is possible to improve construction quality and save construction period.
Cable die set device 4 also includes guide post 47 and sliding sleeve part 471, and the end 47 of guide post is fixed with cable mould bases 41 Connecting, sliding sleeve part 471 and sliding sleeve part 113 is fixed and is connected and sliding sleeve part 471 is socketed on guide post 471 slidably.
With reference to Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, Fig. 6 is the ditch mould bases dress of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention The structural representation put, Fig. 7 is that another of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention regards Structural representation under angle, Fig. 8 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 7.In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, ditch die set device 5 includes oil cylinder 51, phase To the wedge shape mould bases 52 arranged and wedge shape mould bases 521, regulation unit 53, oil cylinder 54, spacing beam 541, support shaft 535, regulation is single Unit 53 is for regulating the spacing between wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521.
First end of oil cylinder 51 is hinged with the sliding sleeve part 113 of truss 11, and carrier bar 531 is provided with hanger, oil cylinder 51 Second end is hinged with the hanger of carrier bar 531.The oil cylinder 42 of cable die set device 4 and the oil cylinder 51 of ditch die set device 5 all cut with scissors It is connected on sliding sleeve part 113.Drive sliding sleeve part 113 moving axially along support bar 111 by oil cylinder 114, and then drive cable mould Rack device 4 and ditch die set device 5 move along the horizontal radial in tunnel, it is achieved regulation cable die set device 4, ditch die set device 5 with Vertical tunnel center line distance in the horizontal direction, and then regulation ditch cable trench position so that tunnel ditch cable trough Construction trolley 1 can adapt to the tunnel of different-diameter width, expands the range of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1.
Regulation unit 53 includes carrier bar 531, adjusting handle 532, the screw rod 533 being oppositely arranged and screw rod 534, carrier bar 531 are provided with through hole 536, and support shaft 535 is connected with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 respectively through through hole 536, support shaft 535, for wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 supporting and guide effect, prevent from regulating unit to wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge There is skew when the spacing of shape mould bases 521 is adjusted or tilt.
Adjusting handle 532 is arranged on carrier bar 531, screw rod 533 be connected to wedge shape mould bases 52 and adjusting handle 532 it Between, screw rod 534 is connected between wedge shape mould bases 521 and adjusting handle 532, when regulating adjusting handle 532, and screw rod 533 and spiral shell Bar 534 rotates backward and drives wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 to move relative to each other or opposing moves each other, adjusting handle 532, screw rod 533 and screw rod 534 can form compound screw mechanism.
Certainly, regulation unit 53 can also include driving means, this driving means can make direct current generator, alternating current generator, Servomotor or motor etc., be driven adjusting handle 532 by driving means.When having multiple adjusting handle When 532, multiple adjusting handle 532 can be controlled by driving means simultaneously and be synchronized with the movement, effective minimizing regulation process In error so that the water groove of this section of pouring ensure that the width of the whole section of pouring is in allowable error, it is ensured that construction essence Degree.
The cylinder body of oil cylinder 54 is fixedly mounted on carrier bar 531, and the piston rod of oil cylinder 54 is fixing with spacing beam 541 to be connected, Oil cylinder 54 is for controlling the spacing beam 541 the moving axially, by controlling spacing beam 541 and wedge shape mould bases of piston rod along oil cylinder 54 The difference in height of bottom limit wedge shape mould bases 52 and the spacing of wedge shape mould bases 521, and play wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped die Spacing and the positioning action of frame 521, is prevented from when when carrying out concreting, due to mutually squeezing between concrete simultaneously Pressure causes offseting relative to position of wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521, and then avoids the water groove after construction to occur sternly The error of weight.
Ditch die set device 5 also includes clamping screw 55, locking nut 551, sliding sleeve part 56, guide post 561, chucking lug 57 With lead angle pipe 58.The end of guide post 561 is fixing with carrier bar 531 to be connected, and sliding sleeve part 56 is fixing with the sliding sleeve part 113 of truss 11 Connecting, sliding sleeve part 56 is socketed on guide post 561 slidably.
It is usually section construction so that the construction length of each section compares owing to carrying out the ditch cable trench construction in tunnel Long, and then make either sidewall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41 or wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 be respectively provided with bigger Length.And cable mould bases 41 is to be lifted by oil cylinder 42;Wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 are to be carried by oil cylinder 51 Move carrier bar 531 and then drive wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 to lift.But, cable mould bases 41, wedge shape mould bases 52, The quality of wedge shape mould bases 521 and carrier bar 531 is the biggest, if only cable mould bases 41 being lifted, being passed through by oil cylinder 42 When wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 are lifted by oil cylinder 51, each mould bases can be caused to shake when the moment that oil cylinder starts And lifting process persistently rocks, and then cause construction that error occurs, or to the ditch cable trench constructed Carrying out shock makes ditch cable trench breakage occur, results even in construction risk.And lead by arranging on cable die set device 4 To bar 47 and sliding sleeve part 471, sliding sleeve part 56 and guide post 561 are set on ditch die set device 5, it is possible to ensure that a mould bases is carrying Vertical elevating movement can only be carried out, it is possible to effectively avoid mould bases to shake, while improving construction precision during Shenging Avoid the construction risk produced owing to mould bases rocks.
Clamping screw 55 and locking nut 551 are arranged on the end of two wedge shape mould bases, for wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape Mould bases 521 is relatively fixed, it is to avoid in concreting process, owing to the pressure produced between concrete is to two wedge shapes When module extrudes so that the spacing between two wedge shape modules changes, and causes construction error.
First end of chucking lug 57 is fixedly mounted on the top of wedge shape module 521, and the second end of chucking lug 57 is provided with logical Hole, carrier bar 531 is provided with the screwed hole corresponding with this through hole, when wedge shape mould bases move and to wedge shape mould bases between When adjusting away from i.e. driving in the wrong direction, by chucking lug 57, wedge shape mould bases is positioned, record, by bolt 59 through on chucking lug 57 Through hole is attached with the screwed hole on carrier bar 531, is fixed chucking lug 57, and wedge-shaped die is erected fixing work simultaneously With.Further, when tunnel ditch cable trough water conservancy project chassis 1 is when carrying out the construction of next tunnel construction sections to be onstructed, and chucking lug 57 can rise Effect to labelling so that the water groove in whole tunnel can keep identical width, improves construction precision, it is ensured that construction matter Amount.
Lead angle pipe 58 is fixedly mounted on the top of wedge shape mould bases 52, when needs carry out the demoulding to wedge shape mould bases, by right Lead angle pipe 58 is adjusted so that lead angle pipe 58 separates with concrete with the edge of wedge shape mould bases 52 so that air can enter Contact in cable trough and with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521, and then wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 were being promoted Journey need not the atmospheric pressure overcoming confined space to be formed, reduce between water groove and wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 Suction.When wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 carry out the demoulding, it is not necessary to wait that the concrete of water groove solidifies completely, it is possible to have There is breakage in the corner angle avoiding water groove of effect.
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 also includes anti-floating system 115, the first end of anti-floating system 115 and sliding sleeve part 113 fixing connections, the second end is separably attached with carrier bar 531.Anti-floating system 115 is jack, and jack has bigger Top lifting force so that when carrying out the concreting of ditch cable trench, the piston rod of jack can move to carrier bar 531 And prop up carrier bar 531, prevent the buoyancy produced in casting process due to concrete from making in ditch die set device 5 generation Floating;When carrying out the demoulding after concrete setting, it is that the piston rod of jack returns to initial position, makes the ditch die set device 5 can Carry out the demoulding.By arranging anti-floating system 115, it is possible to avoid the occurrence of construction error, improve construction precision.Certainly, anti-floating system 115 can also be oil cylinder.
In order to ensure the stability of cylinder efficient so that the mistake that the cylinder body of oil cylinder and the length dimension of piston rod can not do Long, just promote so that the stroke of the oil cylinder 51 of the oil cylinder 42 of cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 can only meet To leaving cable trough, the surface of water groove poured so that the oil cylinder 42 of cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 The room for promotion of oil cylinder 51 is the most not enough, may cause damage to just pouring the concrete solidified.
And oil cylinder 25 is for controlling vertically lifting of whole truss 11, made when cable mould by oil cylinder 25 The stroke of the oil cylinder 42 of rack device 4 and the oil cylinder 51 of ditch die set device 5 is not enough to cable mould bases 41 and wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge When shape mould bases 521 is promoted to enough demoulding height, oil cylinder 25 can carry out overall lifting, and then make electricity whole truss 11 Cable mould bases 41 and wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 obtain enough demoulding spaces, are prevented effectively from cable mould bases 41 and wedge-shaped die Frame 52, the concrete of the wedge shape mould bases 521 ditch cable trench to having solidified cause damage, it is ensured that construction safety and construction matter Amount.
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment:
The construction method of tunnel ditch cable trough is based on the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley in upper embodiment, tunnel ditch electricity The structure of cable groove construction trolley describes in detail in upper embodiment, therefore does not repeats.Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Figure 11, tunnel ditch The construction method of cable trough construction trolley illustrates, and construction method includes
Construction trolley positioning step: poured in tunnel and carried out tunnel ditch cable in advance on the concrete road surface that solidifies The laying of the track 118 of groove construction trolley 1, tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 is played guiding by track 118 and location is made With.Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 is placed on track 118, drives road wheel by the driving motor 24 of running gear 2 22 rotate, and are that tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 moves to tunnel construction sections to be onstructed, and to tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley The center deviation of the car load of 1 is away from positioning with elevation and adjusting.
Fixing of the forming frame and aligning step: by the Hynautio-steering 117 each oil to tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 Cylinder is controlled.First, control oil cylinder 25 by Hynautio-steering 117 and make truss sink down into setting position, then sidewall mould Sidewall mould bases 31 is moved to layout point by oil cylinder 32 and the oil cylinder 33 of rack device 3, and passes through oil cylinder 32 and oil cylinder 33 to sidewall mould Frame 31 positions and corrects, after sidewall mould bases 31 positions and correction completes, by Hynautio-steering 117 to oil cylinder 32, Oil cylinder 33 is locked, and simultaneously by controlling fixing device 34, i.e. controls the piston rod of jack along the axially extended cylinder of piston rod Body, withstands concrete road surface, completes fixing sidewall mould bases 31.
Secondly, controlling oil cylinder 114 by Hynautio-steering 117 promotes sliding sleeve part 113 along the axial shifting of support bar 111 Dynamic, and then make sliding sleeve part 113 drive cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 to be axially moveable the horizontal position to design Put.
Again, oil cylinder 51 is controlled by wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 and regulation unit by hydraulic control system 117 53 designed elevations sinking down into water groove, by regulation adjusting handle 532 make wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 opposing that This motion, after the wedge shape mould bases 521 being provided with chucking lug 57 arrives design attitude, carries out solid by bolt 59 to chucking lug 57 Fixed, and by regulation adjusting handle 532, wedge shape mould bases 52 is finely adjusted so that wedge shape mould bases 52 also arrives at design attitude.Connect And control oil cylinder 54 by hydraulic control system 117 and make spacing beam 541 sink down into adjoin with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 After, wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 are fixed by regulation clamping screw 56 and clamping screw 561, pass through hydraulic control Oil cylinder 51, oil cylinder 54 are locked by system 117.
Then, Hynautio-steering 117 controls oil cylinder 42 and cable mould bases 41 sinks down into the designed elevation of cable trough, and leads to Cross oil cylinder 42 and cable mould bases 41 is carried out accurate adjustment, then pass through regulation lead angle pipe 46 and make cable mould bases 41 arrive design attitude, with Shi Jiaohe also adjusts the spacing between cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5, by Hynautio-steering 117 to oil cylinder 42 lock.
Finally, the steel plate two ends end to sidewall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41, wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 is utilized It is fixing that portion carries out closure, meanwhile, lays cover plate, be ready for mixing on cable mould bases 41, wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 Solidifying soil pours.It should be noted that the installation correction order between above-mentioned fixing of the forming frame and each die set device of aligning step In no particular order, naturally it is also possible to carry out simultaneously.
Concreting and curing step: the ditch cable trench groove position having set up and having blocked is carried out concrete and waters Build, by vibrating spear, concrete is vibrated when pouring, after having poured, concrete is carried out maintenance, until concrete table When face there is no laitance flow phenomenon after reaching certain solidification, each die set device can be carried out the demoulding, concrete curing time It it is five to seven hours.
Die carrier demoulding step: each oil cylinder of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley is carried out by Hynautio-steering 117 Control.First, the end, two ends to sidewall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41, wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 is used for blocking admittedly Fixed steel plate is removed.
Then, unclamp fixing lead angle pipe 46 by adjusting nut 45, positioning set square 44 is taken off simultaneously, and mobile Lead angle pipe 46 so that lead angle pipe 46 separates with concrete with the edge of cable mould bases 41, reduce cable trough and cable mould bases 41 it Between suction.Then pass through Hynautio-steering 117 to control oil cylinder 42 cable mould bases 41 is promoted initial position, make cable mould bases 41 separate with the cable trough poured.
Then, with reference to Fig. 9 to Figure 11, by lead angle pipe 58 is adjusted so that lead angle pipe 58 and wedge shape mould bases 52 Edge separates with concrete so that air can enter in cable trough and contact with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521, and then Make wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 need not the atmospheric pressure overcoming confined space to be formed in lifting process, reduce water Suction between groove and wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521.Regulation clamping screw 56 and clamping screw 561 unclamp wedge shape Mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 fixing, then passes through hydraulic control system 117 and controls oil cylinder 54 and make spacing beam 541 be promoted to Initial position, makes spacing beam 541 separate with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521.Unclamp bolt 59 chucking lug 57 is fixed And make wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 move relative to each other by regulation adjusting handle 532, pass through hydraulic control system 117 control oil cylinder 51 promotes initial position by wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 and regulation unit 53, makes wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge Shape mould bases 521 separates with the water groove poured.
Then, unclamp fixing device 34, i.e. control the piston rod of jack along piston rod in being recycled to cylinder body so that Piston rod separates with concrete road surface, releases fixing sidewall mould bases 41.Then pass through Hynautio-steering 117 and control sidewall Sidewall mould bases 31 is moved to initial position by oil cylinder 32 and the oil cylinder 33 of die set device 3, makes sidewall mould bases 31 and ditch cable trench Sidewall separate.
Finally, controlling to control oil cylinder 114 after oil cylinder 25 makes truss 11 be promoted to initial position pulls sliding sleeve part 113 along support Moving axially of bar 111, so make sliding sleeve part 113 drive cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 be axially moveable to Initial horizontal level, completes the construction of the ditch cable trench to this tunnel construction sections.
Repeat above-mentioned construction trolley positioning step, fixing of the forming frame and aligning step, concreting and curing step and mould Frame demoulding step carries out ditch cable trench to next tunnel construction sections to be onstructed and pours, until completing the ditch cable trench in whole tunnel Construction.
From such scheme, the construction method of this tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley is compared with prior art, it is possible to Farthest save manual labor, the demoulding time shortening each mould bases and construction period, additionally it is possible to ditch when preventing the demoulding Bursting apart occurs in cable trough, damaged, this tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley and construction method thereof are respectively provided with that construction precision is high, the demoulding The advantage that time is short and the construction period is short.
Finally it is emphasized that and the foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, right For those skilled in the art, the present invention can have various change and a change, all within the spirit and principles in the present invention, Any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. done, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the construction method of a tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley, it is characterised in that:
Described tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley includes truss, running gear, Hynautio-steering, sidewall die set device, electricity Cable die set device and ditch die set device, described running gear is arranged on below described truss, described sidewall die set device, described Cable die set device and described ditch die set device are installed on described truss;
Described construction method includes:
Construction trolley positioning step, is moved described tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley to be onstructed by described running gear Tunnel construction sections also positions;
Fixing of the forming frame and aligning step, control described sidewall die set device by described Hynautio-steering and move to layout point also Carry out positioning, correct and fixing, control described cable die set device and sink down into the first designed elevation and carry out positioning, correct and consolidating Fixed, control described ditch die set device and sink down into the second designed elevation and carry out positioning, correct and fixing, check described cable mould Spacing between rack device and described ditch die set device is also adjusted, to mounted sidewall die set device, cable mould bases It is fixing that the two ends of device and ditch die set device carries out closure;
Concreting and curing step, carry out concreting to the groove position of the ditch cable trench set up and pass through vibrating spear Concrete is vibrated, after having poured, concrete is carried out maintenance;
Die carrier demoulding step, the concrete after completing maintenance carries out the demoulding, by described Hynautio-steering to described sidewall Die set device, described cable die set device and described ditch die set device carry out the demoulding and are promoted to initial position.
Construction method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Described ditch die set device includes the first oil cylinder, two wedge shape mould bases being oppositely arranged and regulation unit, described first oil Cylinder is connected between described truss and described regulation unit, and described regulation unit is between two described wedge shape mould bases of regulation Away from;
After described fixing of the forming frame and aligning step also include described ditch die set device is sunk down into described second designed elevation, logical Cross the spacing of described regulation unit two described wedge shape mould bases of regulation to designing width.
Construction method the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Described die carrier demoulding step is additionally included in when described ditch die set device is carried out the demoulding, is regulated by described regulation unit Again described ditch die set device is promoted after spacing between two described wedge shape mould bases.
Construction method the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
Described regulation unit includes carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged, and described adjusting handle is arranged on institute Stating on carrier bar, the first end of described first oil cylinder is hinged with described truss, the second end of described first oil cylinder and described carrying Beam is hinged, and each described screw rod is connected between adjusting handle and a described wedge shape mould bases.
Construction method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Described sidewall die set device includes sidewall mould bases, the second oil cylinder and the 3rd oil cylinder, the first end of described second oil cylinder and institute Stating sidewall mould bases hinged, the second end of described second oil cylinder is hinged with described truss, and the first end of described 3rd oil cylinder is with described Sidewall mould bases is hinged, and the second end of described 3rd oil cylinder is hinged with described truss.
Construction method the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:
Described sidewall die set device also includes fixing device, and the first end of described fixing device is hinged with described sidewall mould bases, institute The second end stating fixing device can with support on the ground;
Described fixing of the forming frame and aligning step are additionally included in described sidewall die set device and move to layout point by described fixing Described sidewall mould bases is fixed by device.
Construction method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Cable die set device, described cable die set device includes cable mould bases and the 4th oil cylinder, the first end of described 4th oil cylinder Hinged with described cable mould bases, the second end of described 4th oil cylinder is hinged with described truss.
Construction method the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:
Described cable mould bases includes positioning fixture, positioning set square, adjusting nut and lead angle pipe, described positioning fixture and described electricity Cable mould bases is fixing to be connected, and described positioning fixture is provided with through hole and groove;
Described lead angle pipe includes location division and the connecting portion being connected with described location division, and described connecting portion passes described through hole, and Described connecting portion is fixing with described adjusting nut to be connected, and described positioning set square is through described groove and is positioned at described lead angle pipe And between described positioning fixture, and described positioning set square adjoins with described lead angle pipe.
9. according to the construction method described in any one of claim 1 to 8, it is characterised in that:
Described running gear includes a bearing, road wheel, driving motor and drives chain, and the motor cabinet of described driving motor is fixed Being arranged in described bearing, described road wheel is arranged on below described bearing, and described bearing is connected with described truss, institute State driving motor by road wheel described in described driving chain drive.
Construction method the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:
Described running gear also includes the 5th oil cylinder, and the cylinder body of described 5th oil cylinder is fixing with described bearing to be connected, described the The piston rod of five oil cylinders is fixing with described truss to be connected.
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CN107060044A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-08-18 叶良平 A kind of one-time-shaped mould and its application method for being used to pour groove
CN107269297A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-20 夏杰 Side and roof arch ditch cable duct tunneling boring one-shot forming two serves as a contrast concrete chassis
CN107725075A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-02-23 洛阳高飞桥隧机械有限公司 A kind of application method of tunnel ditch cable trough chassis walking lining cutting device
CN108374677A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-08-07 中交第公路工程局有限公司 A kind of combined machine trolley device of tunnel side ditch and the construction of Bridge guardrail coagulation
CN109736415A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-10 江西赣粤高速公路工程有限责任公司 Pulley yoke for improving construction efficiency of open side ditch and process thereof
CN109779684A (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-05-21 甘肃路桥建设集团有限公司 Integrated form vcehicular tunnel cable trough fast standard constructing device and construction method
CN113482719A (en) * 2021-08-17 2021-10-08 中电建铁路建设投资集团有限公司 Template device and method for prefabricated tunnel ditch cable groove

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CN204371359U (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-06-03 中铁十二局集团有限公司 A kind of chassis for the construction of tunnel ditch cable channel concrete pouring
CN105114103A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-02 中铁四局集团第四工程有限公司 Rail-traveling type hydraulic ditch cable trench trolley formwork system
CN205445632U (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-10 中铁隧道集团二处有限公司 Hang commentaries on classics formula ditch cable groove built -up plate

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CN104329100A (en) * 2014-08-13 2015-02-04 中铁建大桥工程局集团第一工程有限公司 Integral casting construction method for cable trench of highway tunnel water ditch
CN204113303U (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-01-21 中铁十四局集团有限公司 The short sidewall template of tunnel invert
CN204371359U (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-06-03 中铁十二局集团有限公司 A kind of chassis for the construction of tunnel ditch cable channel concrete pouring
CN105114103A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-02 中铁四局集团第四工程有限公司 Rail-traveling type hydraulic ditch cable trench trolley formwork system
CN205445632U (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-10 中铁隧道集团二处有限公司 Hang commentaries on classics formula ditch cable groove built -up plate

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107060044A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-08-18 叶良平 A kind of one-time-shaped mould and its application method for being used to pour groove
CN107060044B (en) * 2017-06-14 2022-12-20 四川省环茂工程机械设备有限公司 One-step forming die for pouring groove and using method thereof
CN107269297A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-20 夏杰 Side and roof arch ditch cable duct tunneling boring one-shot forming two serves as a contrast concrete chassis
CN107269297B (en) * 2017-07-17 2023-06-02 夏杰 Two lining concrete platform trucks of full section one shot forming of limit roof arch ditch cable pit
CN107725075A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-02-23 洛阳高飞桥隧机械有限公司 A kind of application method of tunnel ditch cable trough chassis walking lining cutting device
CN107725075B (en) * 2017-11-09 2024-05-03 洛阳高飞桥隧机械有限公司 Use method of tunnel ditch cable trough trolley walking lining device
CN108374677A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-08-07 中交第公路工程局有限公司 A kind of combined machine trolley device of tunnel side ditch and the construction of Bridge guardrail coagulation
CN108374677B (en) * 2018-04-16 2024-03-22 中交一公局集团有限公司 Combined mechanical trolley device for coagulation construction of tunnel side ditch and bridge guardrail
CN109736415A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-10 江西赣粤高速公路工程有限责任公司 Pulley yoke for improving construction efficiency of open side ditch and process thereof
CN109779684A (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-05-21 甘肃路桥建设集团有限公司 Integrated form vcehicular tunnel cable trough fast standard constructing device and construction method
CN113482719A (en) * 2021-08-17 2021-10-08 中电建铁路建设投资集团有限公司 Template device and method for prefabricated tunnel ditch cable groove

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