CN106213380A - A kind of compound nectar and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of compound nectar and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106213380A
CN106213380A CN201610700134.3A CN201610700134A CN106213380A CN 106213380 A CN106213380 A CN 106213380A CN 201610700134 A CN201610700134 A CN 201610700134A CN 106213380 A CN106213380 A CN 106213380A
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China
Prior art keywords
semen oryzae
oryzae sativae
slurry
compound nectar
banana pulp
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CN201610700134.3A
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彭湘莲
付红军
李安平
张慧
张可欣
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Central South University of Forestry and Technology
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Central South University of Forestry and Technology
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Priority to CN201610700134.3A priority Critical patent/CN106213380A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of compound nectar and preparation method thereof, crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry, banana pulp, soft plantation white sugar and citric acid mix;Wherein, the mass ratio that described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae are starched is: (6 8): (5 6): (2 4), the addition of described soft plantation white sugar be described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae slurry quality and 10%~30%, the addition of described citric acid be described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae slurry quality and 0.1%~0.9%.Prepared compound nectar have nutritious, color and luster good, delicate mouthfeel, sweet and sour taste, fruit jam gel stability and the advantage such as scribble effect is good.The advantages such as the preparation method of this compound nectar has conveniently, simple, easily operated.

Description

A kind of compound nectar and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of food, in particular to a kind of compound nectar and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Fruit jam be fruit, sugar and acidity regulator are mixed after, with the gelatinous mass boiled more than 100 DEG C of temperature, Also jam it is.Making fruit jam is a kind of method preserving fruit for a long time.It is mainly used to be applied on bread or toast edible. Though the small-sized fruits such as Fructus Fragariae Ananssae, blue berry, Fructus Vitis viniferae, Flos Rosae Rugosae, or the large-scale fruit such as Lee, orange, Fructus Mali pumilae, Fructus Persicae cut little after, can be made into equally Fruit jam, the ovennodulation same time does not the most only use a kind of fruit.
In recent years, the fruit jam products sold with single fruit and vegerable as raw material on market, nutrition is single more.And several have higher The raw material of nutritive value coordinates the compound nectar produced the rarest.
In view of this, the special proposition present invention.
Summary of the invention
The first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of compound nectar, mostly is single fruit and vegetable materials system solving existing fruit jam For forming, the problem that nutrition is single.The preparation of this compound nectar, have nutritious, color and luster good, delicate mouthfeel, sweet and sour taste, Fruit jam gel stability and the advantage such as scribble effect is good.
The second object of the present invention is to provide the preparation method of a kind of described compound nectar, prepare respectively crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp, be independent of each other during preparation its nutrition and mouthfeel, then by three kinds of slurries in appropriate proportion Soft plantation white sugar and citric acid seasoning is added, the advantages such as the method has conveniently, simple, easily operated after mixing.
In order to realize the above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, spy by the following technical solutions:
A kind of compound nectar, is mixed by crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry, banana pulp, soft plantation white sugar and citric acid;
Wherein, the mass ratio that described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae are starched is: (6-8): (5-6): (2-4), excellent The mass ratio of choosing is 6:5:4,6:6:3,7:6:2,7:5:3 and 8:5:2.
Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, is the plant of Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita.Melon is referred to as hung in Shandong District, and the Northeast is referred to as pumpkin.Edible, has Crocus and cyan two kinds, profile is oblate or irregular gourd shape, and the crisp meat of immature fruit skin is fine and close.In Chinese cultivated Kind mainly have musky gourd, giant pumpkin and american pumpkin.Musky gourd is commonly called as pumpkin, Fructus Caricae, meal melon and gold melon, originates in South America and Sino-U.S..As far back as 16th century Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae the most generally cultivate all over China.
The nutritional labeling of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is relatively complete, and nutritive value is the highest.Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae contains rich in protein, fat, Portugal according to surveying and determination Grape sugar, starch, aminoacid, trigonelline, pentosan, pectin, mannitol, adenine, water soluble dietary fiber, phylloerythrin, leaf The various trace elements such as flavin and Cr, Zn, Co, Fe, P.The most also rich in body metabolism playing an important role and at other food The several vitamins that middle content is the most not enough, such as carotene, VB、VC、VEAnd VADeng.
Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae also has health care, and the traditional Chinese medical science is thought: Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae sweet in the mouth warm in nature, has invigorating the spleen and replenishing QI, anti-inflammatory analgetic, solution poisoning The functions such as worm.Modern medicine research confirms, normal edible squash can effectively prevent the diseases such as diabetes, vascular hypertension, hepatitis, nephritis Disease, also has certain curative effect for coronary heart disease and obesity.
(1) anti-cancer, effect for cancer: Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae contains the bioactive substances such as Semen Cucurbitae alkali and trigonelline, can eliminate and urge Change the mutation effect decomposing carcinogen nitrosamine, effective anti-curing cancers.
(2) reduce cholelithiasis to occur: containing abundant dietary fiber in Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, and dietary fiber energy absorption of bile acid, gallbladder are solid The organic molecule of alcohol mutagen, after therefore eating dietary fiber, can significantly inhibit total cholesterol concentration and raise.
(3) auxiliary therapeutic action to diabetes: containing abundant chromium element in Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, trivalent chromium is the carbohydrate tolerance factor Important composition composition, has the effect of auxiliary hyperglycemic.
(4) auxiliary effect for reducing blood fat: research proves, the squash polyoses in Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is likely to be of the effect of similar phospholipid, adds Strong apolipoprotein and the combination of lipid, can remove too much cholesterol, have certain lipid-reducing function.
(5) aided blood pressure-lowering effect: sodium is the important risk factor causing hypertension, with the work that sodium has raising blood pressure With on the contrary, potassium has hypotensive activity, and Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is high potassium, magnesium, calcium, the food of low sodium, and therefore, edible squash is for blood pressure lowering There is assosting effect.
Fructus Musae, Musaceae banana, torrid areas is extensively cultivated edible.Banana flavor is fragrant, nutritious, can receive all the year round Obtain.Accelerating the ripening at low temperatures, peel is then yellow by blue-stain, and raw dark point, and sarcocarp is soft, yellow-white, and taste is sweet, without seed, Fragrance spy is dense.
China is one of ancient country cultivating Fructus Musae in the world, and the banana variety of the most main cultivation is passed by China mostly Go.Fructus Musae is distributed in the tropical and subtropical region within east, west, 30 ° of north and south, Southern Hemisphere latitude.Cultivate the state of Fructus Musae in the world Family has 130, most with Central America yield, next to that Asia.Since entering 21 century, along with the high speed development of global economy, World banana industry quickly increases.Fructus Musae is modal fruit, and it can not only supply human body multivitamin, can make skin Tender gloss eyes become clear energetic life lengthening, also therapeutic efficiency.
Owing to Fructus Musae contains abundant aldehydes matter and polyphenol oxidase, it is susceptible to brown stain, so at banana product Process in terms of color and luster to be paid special attention to during making, in order to avoid affecting product quality.
Fructus Musae is starch-containing, protein, fat, sugar, calcium, phosphorus, ferrum, magnesium, carotene, vitamin (B1、B2, C, E), Ni Ke The compositions such as acid, nutritive value is the highest.Its fruit content of starch is up to 20%~25%.Per kilogram sarcocarp can heat production 4620~ 5460J.Fructus Musae sugar content is the highest, mainly sucrose and part glucose, fructose, in banana possibly together with several amino acids and More complete multivitamin, mineral element, fat in banana pulp, fiber, sodium content the lowest, and solid without gallbladder Alcohol, but the content of potassium is more.
Fructus Musae also has health care, and Traditional Chinese Medicine thinks Fructus Musae sweet in the mouth, cold in nature, have heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, diuresis, detumescence, The effect such as relieving constipation, blood pressure lowering.It is applicable to treat the diseases such as constipation, excessive thirst, drunk, hemorrhoid are sick, therefore medicine food is the most suitable.
(1) preventing and treating gastroenteritic ulcer: relevant medical experiment finds in Fructus Musae containing a kind of chemicals that can prevent and treat peptic ulcer Matter, can make gastric acid reduce, and relaxes the stimulation to gastric mucosa, and can promote that Gastric Mucosal Cells grows, therefore has gastric ulcer Certain therapeutical effect.
(2) reducing blood pressure and prevent apoplexy: containing abundant potassium ion in Fructus Musae, potassium ion has suppression sodium ion to shrink blood Manage and damage cardiovascular effect.Eat banana and can maintain internal sodium-potassium balance and acid-base balance, make neuromuscular keep normal, Coordinated heart muscle contractions.To hypertension and the benefits subjects of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease.
(3) intestine moistening and treatment constipation: pectin and cellulose in Fructus Musae have certain medical value, can adsorb in intestinal Toxin, heavy metal, antibacterial discharge with feces, thus reduce the toxic action to human body of the various poisonous substance, the most also can increase intestinal Wriggling and adsorption moisture in road, is of value to the disease such as alleviation, treatment child's food stagnation, senile constipation, hemorrhoidal hemorrhage.
(4) treatment melancholia: Fructus Musae is rich in a kind of material that human brain can be helped to produce 5-hydroxy tryptamine, and it can promote the mood of people Become happy and peaceful, it might even be possible to ease the pain, reduce the unhappy hormone causing people.Therefore Fructus Musae has again " happy Fruit " title.
Semen oryzae sativae is the one of rice, mainly originates in Northeast China, grinds the rice made with the non-waxy Oryza glutinosa of round-grained rice type.The grain of rice one As ovalize or circle, the plentiful plumpness of the grain of rice, transverse section is bordering on circle, and long and wide ratio is less than two, and color wax is white, transparent Or translucent, quality flexible firmly.Semen oryzae sativae is the rice that a kind of viscosity is more weak, is the common staple foods of Chinese.
Modern study shows that Semen oryzae sativae contains a large amount of carbohydrate, accounts for 79%, and protein accounts for 7%.Semen oryzae sativae institute Han human body The aminoacid needed is relatively more comprehensive, possibly together with fat, calcium, ferrum, magnesium, phosphorus, and vitamin B group etc..Every 100 grams of Semen oryzae sativaes contain protein 7.8 grams, 1.2 grams of fat, carbohydrate 77 grams, heat 350 kilocalories, calcium 8 milligrams, 172 milligrams of phosphorus, ferrum 1.5 milligrams, thiamine 0.15 milligram, 0.05 milligram of riboflavin, niacin 1.4 milligrams.The most prominent feature of Semen oryzae sativae is that crude fibre is few, various nutritional labelings Can digestibility and absorbance the highest.
It addition, Semen oryzae sativae also has health care.Semen oryzae sativae is grain variety main in people's daily life, not only can support Health, it is also possible to cure the disease.The traditional Chinese medical science think Semen oryzae sativae sweet in the mouth put down, return spleen, stomach warp, have strengthening the spleen and nourishing the stomach, relieving restlessness of quenching the thirst, intestine-stabling and anti-diarrheal it Merit.Cook congee with Semen oryzae sativae, can invigorating the spleen and replenishing QI, strengthening the spleen and nourishing the stomach, the strong will of benefit essence, strong muscles and bones and the five internal organs, promoting blood circulation, hearing-improing and eyesight improving, only Be tired of, quench the thirst, antidiarrheal, be described as " thing that the first under heaven mends people ".Semen oryzae sativae medicated porridge makes simple, takes conveniently, absorbs fast, the not impairment of the spleen Stomach, suitable for all ages.
Compound nectar provided herein, be by Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, Semen oryzae sativae and Fructus Musae respectively pull an oar mixing after be prepared one Plant compound nectar.The nutritional characteristic of compound nectar is: the nutritional labeling of different cultivars formed according to the pros and cons of different materials Together, have complementary advantages, on the basis of mutually beneficial complementation, preferably play the Nutrition of fruit jam, and then improve its nutrition It is worth.Compound nectar can make up the deficiency of single fruit jam color.Not only achieve complementation and the face of Different Nutrition composition The collocation of color and the allotment of local flavor, be of high nutritive value, and overcome have a poor flavour, defect that mouthfeel discomfort is brought.But, closely Selling in the majority over Nian on market is the fruit jam product of single raw material, and several have the raw material that better nutritivity is worth and coordinate and produce Compound nectar the rarest.Thirsted for so compound nectar is a lot of consumer, be also that market should be opened The target opened up.
The preparation method of compound nectar provided herein, prepares crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp, respectively in preparation During be independent of each other its nutrition and mouthfeel, after preparation, the slurry that three kinds are nutritious is mixed in certain proportion, adds Soft plantation white sugar and citric acid seasoning, prepare the fruit jam that color and luster, mouthfeel are all good, nutritious.
Preferably, the mass ratio that described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae are starched is: (6-7): (5-6): (2-3), The addition of described soft plantation white sugar be described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae slurry quality and 10%~20%, described The addition of citric acid be described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae slurry quality and 0.3%~0.7%.
Preferably, the preparation method of described crushed pumpkin, specifically include following steps:
Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is gone flesh, removes the peel and remove the position of pastiness in pumpkin pulp, after cleaning, be cut into the thin slice that thickness is identical, then The water of the quality such as addition and Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, boils 6-7 minute, is then pulled an oar in the lump with decoction by the Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae boiled.
After Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is selected, goes flesh, peeling, and remove the position of pastiness in pumpkin pulp, in order to avoid affecting finished product color and luster.With cool Water is cut into the thin slice (about 0.5cm) that thickness is impartial after cleaning.Pumpkin slice should keep consistency of thickness, portion occurs during preventing from precooking Divide overdone or that part is not yet done phenomenon.By the raw pumpkin slice cut and etc. the water of quality add in the lump in pot and precook, first make Material temperature rapidly rises to 80 DEG C, keeps 6min to make its enzyme passivation inactivation after boiling.Pumpkin pulp and decoction are put in the lump and beats Pulp grinder is pulled an oar, obtains pureed crushed pumpkin, standby.
Preferably, the preparation method of described Semen oryzae sativae slurry, specifically include following steps:
Semen oryzae sativae is pulverized, sieves, added water boil, until the abundant gelatinizing of starch, stops heating, obtain Semen oryzae sativae slurry.
Preferably, described pulverize use Universalpulverizer, described in sieve into cross 100 mesh sieves.
Preferably, described Semen oryzae sativae is (1-2) with the mass ratio of water: 10.
When preparing Semen oryzae sativae slurry, the high-quality Semen oryzae sativae selecting the Great Northern Wilderness, Heilungkiang to produce, choose the yellowing rice in Semen oryzae sativae, black speck rice. After pulverizing Semen oryzae sativae with Universalpulverizer, cross 100 mesh sieves, obtain Semen oryzae sativae powder, standby.By Semen oryzae sativae powder with water with (1-2): the quality of 10 Precook than mixing post-heating, continuously stirred during addition, prevent from being sticking.Until the abundant gelatinizing of starch, after slurry is uniform Stop heating.Obtain Semen oryzae sativae slurry, be incubated standby.
Preferably, the preparation method of described banana pulp, specifically include following steps:
Will peeling Fructus Musae burn 5-9min in boiling water, then carry out color retention, by the Fructus Musae after color retention with etc. The water of quality mixes and pulls an oar, and obtains banana pulp.
Preferably, described color retention specifically includes following steps:
Put in the salt solution that mass fraction is 1%~2% after Fructus Musae cooling after scalding in boiling water, color fixative 5-6min。
When preparing banana pulp, select the preferable Fructus Musae of Maturity.The making beating of immaturity Fructus Musae has one raw taste, and sour in the mouth Puckery.Careful peeling, tries not to hurt Banana Tissue.Peeling Fructus Musae burn in boiling water, the dipped Fructus Musae of liquid level, during burn Between be about 7min.Burn rear cutout is except the position of Fructus Musae tail end blackout.
Owing to Fructus Musae contains abundant aldehydes matter and polyphenol oxidase, it is susceptible to brown stain, so at banana product Process in terms of color and luster to be paid special attention to during making, in order to avoid affecting product quality.
The segment that Fructus Musae after color fixative is cut into about 5cm puts into beater, and the water of the quality such as addition is pulled an oar.Beat The slurry time, too short meeting made product have granular sensation, affected product quality.Until stopping making beating after getting the another typical material of exquisiteness, obtain fragrant Any of several broadleaf plants is starched, standby.
The preparation method of compound nectar as above, comprises the following steps:
By crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp mixing, adding soft plantation white sugar and citric acid, mix homogeneously post-heating concentrates, kills Bacterium, obtains compound nectar after cooling.
Preferably, the operation of described concentration, specifically include following steps:
Slurry after mix homogeneously is first warmed up to 83-87 DEG C, then proceedes to heating and concentrate 6~22min.
Concentration process to be stirred continuously, makes slurry be heated evenly and prevent from burning.
The compound nectar prepared by preparation method of compound nectar as above.
Compared with prior art, the invention have the benefit that
1), the preparation method of compound nectar provided herein, prepare crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp respectively, so After mix in certain proportion, add soft plantation white sugar and citric acid, the method has conveniently, simple, easily operated advantage.
2), the preparation method of compound nectar provided herein, it is provided that prepare the color protecting method of banana pulp, make preparation Fruit jam to have color and luster good.
3), the compound nectar prepared by preparation method of compound nectar that provided of application, there is nutritious, color and luster Good, delicate mouthfeel, sweet and sour taste, fruit jam gel stability and the advantage such as scribble effect is good.Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, embodiment of the present invention are described in detail, but those skilled in the art will Understanding, the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and is not construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.In embodiment unreceipted specifically Condition person, the condition advised according to normal condition or manufacturer is carried out.Agents useful for same or instrument unreceipted production firm person, be Can be by the commercially available conventional products bought and obtain.
Embodiment 1
The compound nectar that the present embodiment is provided is prepared from by following preparation method:
(1) Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is gone flesh, removes the peel, remove the position of pastiness in pumpkin pulp, after cleaning with cold water, be cut into thick about 0.5cm's Thin slice, is subsequently adding and the water of the quality such as Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, boils 6min, then pulled an oar in the lump with decoction by the Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae boiled, obtain south Melon is starched;
(2) the high-quality Semen oryzae sativae selecting the Great Northern Wilderness, Heilungkiang to produce, chooses the yellowing rice in Semen oryzae sativae, black speck rice, uses omnipotent pulverizing After Semen oryzae sativae pulverized by machine, cross 100 mesh sieves, obtain Semen oryzae sativae powder, boil after Semen oryzae sativae powder is mixed with the mass ratio of 1:5 with water, the mistake boiled In journey continuously stirred, until the abundant gelatinizing of starch, slurry the most afterwards stop heating, obtain Semen oryzae sativae slurry;
(3) Fructus Musae burn 5min in boiling water will be removed the peel, the position of excision Fructus Musae tail end blackout, put into quality after cooling and divide Number is in the salt solution of 1%, color fixative 5min, by the Fructus Musae after color retention with etc. the water of quality mix and pull an oar, until beating Stop making beating after going out the another typical material of exquisiteness, obtain banana pulp;
(4) crushed pumpkin obtained above, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and the banana pulp ratio with mass ratio as 7:6:2 are mixed, then add Enter the citric acid of slurry gross mass 0.5% and the soft plantation white sugar of 15%, concentrate 6min after mixing, after sterilization, obtain compound nectar, will Compound nectar loads in the clean glass jar of boiling water sterilizing.
Embodiment 2
Embodiment 2 is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and except for the difference that in step (3), Fructus Musae time of burn in boiling water is 6min。
Embodiment 3
Embodiment 3 is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and except for the difference that in step (3), Fructus Musae time of burn in boiling water is 7min。
Embodiment 4
Embodiment 4 is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and except for the difference that in step (3), Fructus Musae time of burn in boiling water is 8min。
Embodiment 5
Embodiment 5 is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and except for the difference that in step (3), Fructus Musae time of burn in boiling water is 9min。
Embodiment 6
The compound nectar that the present embodiment is provided is prepared from by following preparation method:
(1) Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is gone flesh, removes the peel, remove the position of pastiness in pumpkin pulp, after cleaning with cold water, be cut into thick about 0.5cm's Thin slice, is subsequently adding and the water of the quality such as Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, boils 7min, then pulled an oar in the lump with decoction by the Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae boiled, obtain south Melon is starched;
(2) the high-quality Semen oryzae sativae selecting the Great Northern Wilderness, Heilungkiang to produce, chooses the yellowing rice in Semen oryzae sativae, black speck rice, uses omnipotent pulverizing After Semen oryzae sativae pulverized by machine, cross 100 mesh sieves, obtain Semen oryzae sativae powder, boil after Semen oryzae sativae powder is mixed with the mass ratio of 1:10 with water, the mistake boiled In journey continuously stirred, until the abundant gelatinizing of starch, slurry the most afterwards stop heating, obtain Semen oryzae sativae slurry;
(3) Fructus Musae burn 7min in boiling water will be removed the peel, the position of excision Fructus Musae tail end blackout, put into quality after cooling and divide Number is in the salt solution of 1%, color fixative 6min, by the Fructus Musae after color retention with etc. the water of quality mix and pull an oar, until beating Stop making beating after going out the another typical material of exquisiteness, obtain banana pulp;
(4) crushed pumpkin obtained above, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and the banana pulp ratio with mass ratio as 6:5:4 are mixed, then add Enter the citric acid of slurry gross mass 0.1% and the soft plantation white sugar of 10%, concentrate 22min after mixing, after concentration, obtain compound nectar, will Compound nectar loads in the clean glass jar of boiling water sterilizing.
Embodiment 7
Embodiment 7 is substantially the same manner as Example 6, except for the difference that in step (4), and crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp Mass ratio is 6:6:3.
Embodiment 8
Embodiment 8 is substantially the same manner as Example 6, except for the difference that in step (4), and crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp Mass ratio is 7:6:2.
Embodiment 9
Embodiment 9 is substantially the same manner as Example 6, except for the difference that in step (4), and crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp Mass ratio is 7:5:3.
Embodiment 10
Embodiment 10 is substantially the same manner as Example 6, except for the difference that in step (4), and crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp Mass ratio is 8:5:2.
Embodiment 11
The compound nectar that the present embodiment is provided is prepared from by following preparation method:
(1) Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is gone flesh, removes the peel, remove the position of pastiness in pumpkin pulp, after cleaning with cold water, be cut into thick about 0.5cm's Thin slice, is subsequently adding and the water of the quality such as Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, boils 6min, then pulled an oar in the lump with decoction by the Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae boiled, obtain south Melon is starched;
(2) the high-quality Semen oryzae sativae selecting the Great Northern Wilderness, Heilungkiang to produce, chooses the yellowing rice in Semen oryzae sativae, black speck rice, uses omnipotent pulverizing After Semen oryzae sativae pulverized by machine, cross 100 mesh sieves, obtain Semen oryzae sativae powder, boil after Semen oryzae sativae powder is mixed with the mass ratio of 1:10 with water, the mistake boiled In journey continuously stirred, until the abundant gelatinizing of starch, slurry the most afterwards stop heating, obtain Semen oryzae sativae slurry;
(3) Fructus Musae burn 7min in boiling water will be removed the peel, the position of excision Fructus Musae tail end blackout, put into quality after cooling and divide Number is in the salt solution of 1%, color fixative 5min, by the Fructus Musae after color retention with etc. the water of quality mix and pull an oar, until beating Stop making beating after going out the another typical material of exquisiteness, obtain banana pulp;
(4) crushed pumpkin obtained above, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and the banana pulp ratio with mass ratio as 7:6:2 are mixed, then add Entering the citric acid of slurry gross mass 0.1% and the soft plantation white sugar of 10%, mixing post-heating concentrates 14min, obtains composite fruit after sterilization Beans, loads compound nectar in the clean glass jar of boiling water sterilizing.
Embodiment 12
Embodiment 12 is substantially the same manner as Example 11, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 15%.
Embodiment 13
Embodiment 13 is substantially the same manner as Example 11, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 20%.
Embodiment 14
Embodiment 14 is substantially the same manner as Example 11, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 25%.
Embodiment 15
Embodiment 15 is substantially the same manner as Example 11, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 30%.
Embodiment 16
The compound nectar that the present embodiment is provided is prepared from by following preparation method:
(1) Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is gone flesh, removes the peel, remove the position of pastiness in pumpkin pulp, after cleaning with cold water, be cut into thick about 0.5cm's Thin slice, is subsequently adding and the water of the quality such as Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, boils 6min, then pulled an oar in the lump with decoction by the Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae boiled, obtain south Melon is starched;
(2) the high-quality Semen oryzae sativae selecting the Great Northern Wilderness, Heilungkiang to produce, chooses the yellowing rice in Semen oryzae sativae, black speck rice, uses omnipotent pulverizing After Semen oryzae sativae pulverized by machine, cross 100 mesh sieves, obtain Semen oryzae sativae powder, boil after Semen oryzae sativae powder is mixed with the mass ratio of 1:10 with water, the mistake boiled In journey continuously stirred, until the abundant gelatinizing of starch, slurry the most afterwards stop heating, obtain Semen oryzae sativae slurry;
(3) Fructus Musae burn 7min in boiling water will be removed the peel, the position of excision Fructus Musae tail end blackout, put into quality after cooling and divide Number is in the salt solution of 2%, color fixative 5min, by the Fructus Musae after color retention with etc. the water of quality mix and pull an oar, until beating Stop making beating after going out the another typical material of exquisiteness, obtain banana pulp;
(4) crushed pumpkin obtained above, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and the banana pulp ratio with mass ratio as 7:6:2 are mixed, then add Entering the citric acid of slurry gross mass 0.1% and the soft plantation white sugar of 20%, mixing post-heating concentrates 14min, obtains composite fruit after sterilization Beans, loads compound nectar in the clean glass jar of boiling water sterilizing.
Embodiment 17
Embodiment 17 is substantially the same manner as Example 16, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of citric acid is 0.3%.
Embodiment 18
Embodiment 18 is substantially the same manner as Example 16, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of citric acid is 0.5%.
Embodiment 19
Embodiment 19 is substantially the same manner as Example 16, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of citric acid is 0.7%.
Embodiment 20
Embodiment 20 is substantially the same manner as Example 16, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of citric acid is 0.9%.
Embodiment 21
The compound nectar that the present embodiment is provided is prepared from by following preparation method:
Step (1)~step (3) are identical with step (1) in embodiment 16~step (3);
(4) crushed pumpkin obtained above, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and the banana pulp ratio with mass ratio as 7:6:2 are mixed, then add Entering the citric acid of slurry gross mass 0.3% and the soft plantation white sugar of 20%, mixing post-heating concentrates 6min, obtains composite fruit after sterilization Beans, loads compound nectar in the clean glass jar of boiling water sterilizing.
Embodiment 22
Embodiment 22 is substantially the same manner as Example 21, and except for the difference that in step (4), the time of concentration is 10min.
Embodiment 23
Embodiment 23 is substantially the same manner as Example 21, and except for the difference that in step (4), the time of concentration is 14min.
Embodiment 24
Embodiment 24 is substantially the same manner as Example 21, and except for the difference that in step (4), the time of concentration is 18min.
Embodiment 25
Embodiment 25 is substantially the same manner as Example 21, and except for the difference that in step (4), the time of concentration is 22min.
Embodiment 26
The compound nectar that the present embodiment is provided is prepared from by following preparation method:
Step (1)~step (3) are identical with step (1) in embodiment 16~step (3);
(4) crushed pumpkin obtained above, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and the banana pulp ratio with mass ratio as 6:6:3 are mixed, then add Entering the citric acid of slurry gross mass 0.3% and the soft plantation white sugar of 10%, mixing post-heating concentrates 10min, obtains composite fruit after sterilization Beans, loads compound nectar in the clean glass jar of boiling water sterilizing.
Embodiment 27
Embodiment 27 is substantially the same manner as Example 26, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 15%, The addition of citric acid is 0.5%, and the time of concentration is 14min.
Embodiment 28
Embodiment 28 is substantially the same manner as Example 26, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 20%, The addition of citric acid is 0.7%, and the time of concentration is 18min.
Embodiment 29
Embodiment 29 is substantially the same manner as Example 26, except for the difference that in step (4), and crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp Mass ratio be 7:6:2, the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 10%, and the addition of citric acid is 0.5%, and the time of concentration is 18min.
Embodiment 30
Embodiment 30 is substantially the same manner as Example 29, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 15%, The addition of citric acid is 0.7%, and the time of concentration is 10min.
Embodiment 31
Embodiment 31 is substantially the same manner as Example 29, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 20%, The addition of citric acid is 0.3%, and the time of concentration is 14min.
Embodiment 32
Embodiment 32 is substantially the same manner as Example 26, except for the difference that in step (4), and crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp Mass ratio be 7:5:3, the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 10%, and the addition of citric acid is 0.7%, and the time of concentration is 14min.
Embodiment 33
Embodiment 33 is essentially identical with embodiment 32, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 15%, The addition of citric acid is 0.3%, and the time of concentration is 18min.
Embodiment 34
Embodiment 34 is essentially identical with embodiment 32, and except for the difference that in step (4), the addition of soft plantation white sugar is 20%, The addition of citric acid is 0.7%, and the time of concentration is 10min.
Appearance effects is tested by experimental example 1 Fructus Musae blanching treatment time
In the compound nectar that table 1 is provided by embodiment 1-5, the result of Fructus Musae appearance effects is united by Fructus Musae blanching treatment time Meter.
The different blanching treatment time impact on product appearance of table 1
Test result indicate that, the polyphenol oxidase catalyzed phenols substrate that Fructus Musae brown stain is mainly in Fructus Musae aoxidizes, logical Cross burn passivation polyphenol oxidase and can effectively prevent the generation of brown stain.Under identical conditions (boiling water), change the time of burn, Result is as shown in table 1, and blanching treatment time is the shortest can not be passivated polyphenol oxidase very well, and serious brown stain occurs, during burn 7min, and product Color normally remains the color, smell and taste of Fructus Musae does not the most affect the nutrient substance of Fructus Musae, shows that burn 7min substantially can inhibitory enzyme brown Become.
Experimental example 2 compound nectar sensory evaluation is tested
Sensory evaluation is carried out, the color to Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae Fructus Musae Semen oryzae sativae compound nectar by 10 students through Majors of Food training Pool, fragrance, quality, smear, mouthfeel and the marking of sour-sweet degree, full marks 10 points.Evaluation criterion is with reference to table 2.
The sensory evaluation scores standard of table 2 compound nectar
(1) crushed pumpkin, banana pulp and the experiment of single factor result of Semen oryzae sativae slurry proportioning raw materials and analysis
In the compound nectar that table 3 is provided by embodiment 6-10, crushed pumpkin, banana pulp and Semen oryzae sativae slurry proportioning raw materials are to compound Fruit jam sensory evaluation affect statistical result.
The experiment of single factor result of table 3 compound nectar proportioning raw materials
Test result indicate that: crushed pumpkin: banana pulp: when the addition proportioning of Semen oryzae sativae slurry is 7:6:2, sensory effects scoring reaches To the highest, product color, smell and taste are all good, best in quality.
(2) the experiment of single factor result of soft plantation white sugar addition and analysis
In the compound nectar that table 4 is provided by embodiment 11-15, the soft plantation white sugar addition shadow to compound nectar sensory evaluation Ring statistical result.
The soft plantation white sugar experiment of single factor result of table 4 compound nectar
Test result indicate that: when in compound nectar, soft plantation white sugar addition is less than 15%, sweet taste is the lightest, and gelation is poor, and this can Soft plantation white sugar addition can be because too low, have impact on the formation of pectin colloid.But when soft plantation white sugar addition is too much, fruit jam is excessively Sweet greasy, organize thickness.So the optimum amount of soft plantation white sugar is 15%.
(3) the experiment of single factor result of citric acid addition and analysis
In the compound nectar that table 5 is provided by embodiment 16-20, the citric acid addition shadow to compound nectar sensory evaluation Ring statistical result.
The citric acid experiment of single factor result of table 5 compound nectar
Test result indicate that: when citric acid addition is 0.5%, gel effect, structural state and taste flavor all reach To optimal.When citric acid addition continues to increase, and tart flavour is the strongest.
(4) the experiment of single factor result of concentration time and analysis
In the compound nectar that table 6 is provided by embodiment 21-25, the impact of compound nectar sensory evaluation is united by concentration time Meter result.
The experiment of single factor result of the concentration time of table 6 compound nectar
Be can be seen that by different concentration times the effect concentrating 18min is best.Concentration time is too short, and fruit jam color and luster is bright Beautiful but can not form gel, easily flowing and mouthfeel are dilute;Concentration time is long, product color can be caused deep, beans body cake shape.
(5) Orthogonal experiment results and analysis
On the basis of experiment of single factor, fruit jam quality is had the proportioning raw materials of main impact, sugaring amount, acid adding amount, dense The contracting time carries out the orthogonal of 4 factor 3 levels.Specific experiment design is shown in Table 7, is fixed on by other secondary causes simultaneously On the optimum level determined by experiment of single factor.Optimal conditions is determined by range analysis.Experimental result is shown in Table 8.
The orthogonal table of table 7 compound nectar
The Orthogonal experiment results of table 8 compound nectar
By the result of table in range analysis: affect the primary and secondary of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae Fructus Musae Semen oryzae sativae compound nectar organoleptic quality factor Order is that C > A > D > B, i.e. citric acid addition C affect maximum to the sensory evaluation scores of compound nectar successively, and optimum addition is 0.3%;Raw material is more important influence factor than A, and its optimum raw material ratio is 6:6:3;Concentration time D is minor effect factor, Optimal concentration time is 18min;Soft plantation white sugar addition B affects minimum to the sensory evaluation of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae Fructus Musae Semen oryzae sativae fruit jam, most preferably adds Dosage is 20%.I.e. A1B3C1D3For optimum combination.Again because orthogonal experiment does not has A1B3C1D3, verify so combining with this Experiment, i.e. proportioning raw materials 6:6:3, sugaring amount 20%, acid adding amount 0.3%, concentration time 18min, final sensory evaluation scores is 8.265 Point.Product is amber, glossy, and delicate mouthfeel is sour-sweet moderate.The combination the highest with sensory evaluation scores in orthogonal experiment A2B3C1D2Comparing, the result drawn is more excellent.
Although illustrate and describing the present invention with specific embodiment, but it will be appreciated that without departing substantially from the present invention's May be made that in the case of spirit and scope many other change and amendment.It is, therefore, intended that in the following claims Including all such changes and modifications belonged in the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a compound nectar, it is characterised in that mixed by crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry, banana pulp, soft plantation white sugar and citric acid;
Wherein, the mass ratio that described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp are starched with described Semen oryzae sativae is: (6-8): (5-6): (2-4);
The addition of described soft plantation white sugar be described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae slurry quality and 10%~30%;
The addition of described citric acid be described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae slurry quality and 0.1%~ 0.9%.
Compound nectar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described Semen oryzae sativae The mass ratio of slurry is: (6-7): (5-6): (2-3), the addition of described soft plantation white sugar is described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and institute Stating the 10%~20% of Semen oryzae sativae slurry quality sum, the addition of described citric acid is described crushed pumpkin, described banana pulp and described round-grained rice The 0.3%~0.7% of Rice & peanut milk quality sum.
Compound nectar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that by the preparation method of crushed pumpkin, specifically include with Lower step:
Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae is gone flesh, removes the peel and remove the position of pastiness in pumpkin pulp, be cut into, after cleaning, the thin slice that thickness is identical, be subsequently adding With the water of the quality such as Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, boil 6-7 minute, then the Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae boiled is pulled an oar in the lump with decoction, obtain crushed pumpkin.
Compound nectar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Semen oryzae sativae slurry preparation method, specifically include with Lower step:
Semen oryzae sativae is pulverized, sieves, added water boil, until the abundant gelatinizing of starch, stops heating, obtain Semen oryzae sativae slurry.
Compound nectar the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described pulverizing use Universalpulverizer, described in sieve For crossing 100 mesh sieves.
Compound nectar the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described Semen oryzae sativae is (1-2) with the mass ratio of water: 10.
Compound nectar the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the preparation method of described banana pulp, specifically include with Lower step:
Will peeling Fructus Musae burn 5-9min in boiling water, then carry out color retention, by the Fructus Musae after color retention with etc. quality Water mix and pull an oar, obtain banana pulp.
Compound nectar the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described color retention specifically includes following steps:
Put in the salt solution that mass fraction is 1%~2% after Fructus Musae cooling after scalding in boiling water, color fixative 5- 6min。
9. according to the preparation method of the compound nectar described in any one of claim 1-8, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
By crushed pumpkin, Semen oryzae sativae slurry and banana pulp mixing, adding soft plantation white sugar and citric acid, mix homogeneously post-heating concentrates, sterilization, cold Obtain compound nectar the most afterwards.
The preparation method of compound nectar the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the operation of described concentration, specifically wraps Include following steps:
Slurry after mix homogeneously is first warmed up to 83-87 DEG C, then proceedes to heating and concentrate 6~22min.
CN201610700134.3A 2016-08-22 2016-08-22 A kind of compound nectar and preparation method thereof Pending CN106213380A (en)

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Application publication date: 20161214