CN106179775A - A kind of fine swash plate heavily floats separator - Google Patents

A kind of fine swash plate heavily floats separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106179775A
CN106179775A CN201610566116.0A CN201610566116A CN106179775A CN 106179775 A CN106179775 A CN 106179775A CN 201610566116 A CN201610566116 A CN 201610566116A CN 106179775 A CN106179775 A CN 106179775A
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China
Prior art keywords
cell body
fine
vertical cell
separator
floats
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Granted
Application number
CN201610566116.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106179775B (en
Inventor
李延锋
张文军
朱荣涛
李义
李宁波
戚向前
潘浩
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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Priority to CN201610566116.0A priority Critical patent/CN106179775B/en
Publication of CN106179775A publication Critical patent/CN106179775A/en
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Publication of CN106179775B publication Critical patent/CN106179775B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03DFLOTATION; DIFFERENTIAL SEDIMENTATION
    • B03D1/00Flotation
    • B03D1/14Flotation machines
    • B03D1/24Pneumatic

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fine swash plate and heavily float separator, including PID control instrument, overflow launder and sorting post, sorting post includes vertical cell body, thin vertical cell body and tilts cell body, arranges a number of variable parallel oblique plate, tilt cell body and top is respectively equipped with overflow launder in tipper body;Vertical cell body middle and upper part is provided with feeding mouth;Being provided with, bottom vertical cell body, the cloth stream plate communicated with external water inlet pipe and trachea, its cell body bottom centre is provided with underflow discharge gate;Tilt cell body by arranging a thin vertical cell body and, and parallel oblique plate is set in tipper body, fine can be produced shear action, improve stock grading effect, and then improve the disposal ability of device;The microvesicle being passed through bottom vertical cell body, absorption superfine particle material, via thin vertical cell body collector fine, can overcome superfine particle material to enter underflow and discharge, prevent fine from affecting the efficiency of separation, improve the fine response rate.

Description

A kind of fine swash plate heavily floats separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of mineral processing equipment, particularly a kind of disposal ability is big, the efficiency of separation is high and makes pole Fine is effectively sorted the fine swash plate of recovery and is heavily floated separator.
Background technology
Mineral materials with density variation separate operation sorting, the operation sorted with particle size differences classification, In mineral manufacture field, fine mineral classification and sorting is always study hotspot.Currently for setting of fine particle stage material classification and sorting Have minor diameter hydraulic classification swirler group, spiral, flotation column and TBS equipment etc..
Traditional sorting mineral equipment can carry out classification or sorting to material, but, due to mineral materials feature Structural limitation own with additional fractionation screening installation so that Mineral Classification separating effect is unsatisfactory, it is impossible to meet fine grained ore deposit The requirement of thing high accuracy sorting, thus waste ample resources.Existing spiral sharpness of separation is low and floor space is big;Floating Selecting post to the sorting of superfine particle material effectively, owing to bubble load capacity is limited, flotation column is to the thickest grain sorting effect of granularity The best;The fluidisation water speed of TBS separator can not be beyond the termin al velocity of material, so its treating capacity is little.Thus, to mineral Separation classification device carries out innovating and transforming just seeming extremely urgent.
Integrating, tradition separation classification device has the disadvantage that 1. floor spaces are big and treating capacity is low;2. sorting point Level effect is undesirable;3. equipment performance is single, can only process superfine particle material or process the granule that granule is the thickest.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem: the invention aims to provide heavily floating point of the fine swash plate that a kind for the treatment of capacity is big, efficiency is high Select machine, with solve tradition preparation equipment to mineral the especially problem that can not the most effectively sort to fine mineral.
Technical scheme: the fine swash plate of the present invention heavily floats separator, including PID control instrument, overflow launder and sorting Post: described sorting post includes vertical cell body, thin vertically cell body and tilts cell body, and thin vertical cell body and inclination cell body are in not advising Then letter Y-shaped structure is connected on vertical cell body, is provided with several hang plates, described tipper in described tipper body The top of body and thin vertical cell body is respectively equipped with overflow launder;Described vertical cell body top is provided with feeding mouth, valve;Vertical cell body Bottom be provided with inverted cone cloth stream plate, the lower section of inverted cone cloth stream plate is provided with the water inlet pipe communicated with external water inlet pipe and with external The air inlet pipe of air inlet pipe connection, the center of vertical cell body is provided with underflow discharge gate.
Described sorting post is square or circular.
In the parallel draw-in groove being applied in cell body of several hang plates described, the spacing of hang plate is adjustable.
It is provided with, at described underflow discharge gate, the flow control valve being connected with PID controller.
Described valve is provided with the pressure transducer being connected with PID controller.
The described angle tilting cell body and horizontal plane is 65 °~75 °.
Beneficial effect: owing to have employed technique scheme, the present invention utilizes fluidization and the inclination of vertical channel simultaneously The invigoration effect of groove so that narrower parallel oblique plate spacing increases fluidizing velocity, thus increases mineral treating capacity;So that The fluidisation water speed fed is beyond the terminal velocity of material;Hang plate in tipper body, can produce shear action to material, Improve stock grading effect, and then the disposal ability of raising device, improve sorting classifying effect, improve classification and sorting efficiency, carry Format high throughput.Mineral materials is fluidized use water and microvesicle respectively by inlet channel bottom vertical cell body with admission line through cloth stream Plate enters vertical cell body together and moves upward, and is fed, under gravity by the feeding mouth of vertical cell body middle and upper part by mineral material Moving downward along vertical cell body, meeting with current and microvesicle produces fluidization and adsorption;Superfine mineral grain is at bubble Adsorption under enter in thin vertical channel body, vertical cell body top formed froth bed, foam enters entrainment of superfine particle material Enter overflow launder, form superfine particle concentrate;The thickest mineral grain tilts cell body, the little granule of density on the right side of entering under flow action Moving upward entrance overflow along ramp way, density bulky grain moves downwardly into vertical cell body along ramp way, at ascending water Eddy diffusion under the effect of stream, understands some microvesicle and enters in tipper body, and between hang plate, ascending current can be to particulate thing Material produces Strong shear effect, makes bubble enter overflow quickly, and the granule that density is big, then along inclining under the castering action of microvesicle Swash plate upper surface slides quickly, thus improves material grading effect in hang plate, and then improves the disposal ability of device And the efficiency of separation;The coarse grain mineral grain underflow that final density is big is controlled to discharge from underflow discharge mouth by flow control valve.It is main Advantage is wanted to have:
1, the present invention arranges inclination cell body on vertical cell body.The mineral materials that must sort is made to enter from vertical cell body top Entering in tipper body, it is possible to obtain bigger fluidizing velocity, before breaking through, fluidizing velocity is less than the restriction of material termin al velocity, Material can be sorted under higher fluidisation water speed, improve the treating capacity of this device;
2, mineral materials is in tilting cell body during flowing, and density is big, and the material that granularity is big quickly sinks on hang plate and slides Entering in vertical channel body to hang plate, by the fluidization of the external adding water bottom vertical cell body, a portion is lighter Little granule floats again, carries out classification and sorting so that return to the material in vertical channel body further in entering tipper body Reduce, keep stablizing of bed density, obtain good separating effect;
3, it is arranged on the hang plate in cell body, material can be produced and shear castering action, realize material Classification.Hang plate is to insert in the draw-in groove tilting cell body, and the quantity of draw-in groove is more and uniform, it is simple to operation change hang plate Quantity and plate spacing, thus obtain different grading effects;
4, being arranged on the thin vertical cell body on vertical cell body top, mineralising microvesicle bears superfine particle mineral directly from vertical channel Body enters thin vertical cell body, forms froth bed on vertical cell body top, and foam enters overflow launder entrainment of superfine particle material, is formed Superfine particle concentrate;
5, PID automatic control system can accurately control discharge gate aperture, strengthens stablizing of bed density further, it is ensured that Higher sharpness of separation, reduces anthropic factor and the pan feeding fluctuation impact on sorting mineral effect;
6, the present invention tilts to add on cell body inclination cell body on right side, and arranges parallel oblique board in tipper body Groove, pocket numbers is more, it is simple to adjusts quantity and the plate spacing of hang plate, can conveniently regulate inclination for different minerals The spacing of plate, improves the efficiency of separation.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A view of Fig. 1.
In figure: 1-feeding mouth, the vertical cell body of 2-, 3-carefully tilts cell body, 4-hang plate, 4-1-draw-in groove ,-overflow collection groove, 6-inverted cone cloth stream plate, 7-water inlet pipe, 8-underflow discharge gate, 9-flow control valve, 10-PID controller, 11-pressure transducer, 12-valve, 13-air inlet pipe, 14-tilts cell body.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described for embodiment in below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As it is shown in figure 1, the fine swash plate of the present invention heavily floats separator, mainly by PID automatic control system, sorting Post, overflow launder 5 are constituted, and described sorting post includes vertical cell body 2, thin vertical cell body 3 and tilts cell body 14, thin vertical cell body 3 Being connected on vertical cell body 2 in irregular letter Y-shaped structure with tilting cell body 14, described sorting post is square or circular; Vertical cell body 2 upper end is connected to cell body 14 and thin vertical cell body 3, is provided with several hang plates in described inclination cell body 14 4, the angle tilting cell body 14 and horizontal plane is 65 °~75 °.The parallel draw-in groove being applied in cell body 14 of several hang plates 4 In 4-1, according to practical situation, the spacing of hang plate 4 can adjust.Described tilts cell body 14 and the top of thin vertical cell body 3 It is respectively equipped with overflow launder 5;Described vertical cell body 2 top is provided with feeding mouth 1, valve 12, and described valve 12 is provided with and PID The pressure transducer 11 that controller 10 is connected.The aperture of valve 12 is controlled by PID control instrument 10.The bottom of vertical cell body 2 sets Have inverted cone cloth stream plate 6, the lower section of inverted cone cloth stream plate 6 be provided with the water inlet pipe 7 communicated with external water inlet pipe and with external air inlet The air inlet pipe 13 of pipe connection, the center of vertical cell body 2 is provided with underflow discharge gate 8, is provided with and PID at described underflow discharge gate 8 The flow control valve 9 that controller 10 is connected.Described PID automatic control system includes PID control instrument 10, is located on vertical cell body Pressure transducer 11 and be located at the flow control valve 9 of underflow discharge mouth.Pressure transducer 11 output signal with in vertical cell body 2 Fluidized-bed layer density size relevant, fluidized-bed layer density signal pass through data wire incoming PID control instrument 10, PID controller Signal is compared by table 10 with density set point, and then making flow control valve 9 needs valve to amplify or the order turned down, and passes through Data line transfer is to flow control valve 9, and this valve performs order, and valve position signal feeds back to PID control instrument 10.
Work process: mineral materials fluidisation water is entered through cloth stream plate with admission line by inlet channel bottom vertical cell body Entering vertical cell body together to move upward, gas enters material by the pan feeding in the middle part of vertical cell body from vertical cell body bottom inflow pipe Mouth feeds, and moves downward in vertical channel, and meeting with ascending current produces fluidized suspension effect, and under hydrotransport effect Enter ramp way, between hang plate, carry out classification and sorting, the granule that density is little or granularity is little along ramp way move upward into Entering overflow, the granule that density is big or granularity is big is deposited to hang plate surface and slides to bottom hang plate, by the arteries and veins of additional clear water Action use, the least material of a part floats again, continues classification and sorting in staying tipper body;Superfine mineral grain is at gas Entering in thin vertical channel body under the adsorption of bubble, form froth bed on vertical cell body top, foam is entrainment of superfine particle material Enter overflow launder, form superfine particle concentrate, and then reduce entrance sorting bed, improve separating effect;The thing that a part of density is big Material backs within vertical channel body, and final underflow is controlled to discharge from underflow discharge mouth by flow control valve.

Claims (6)

1. fine swash plate heavily floats a separator, including PID control instrument (10), overflow launder (5) and sorting post, its feature Be: described sorting post includes vertical cell body (2), thin vertical cell body (3) and tilts cell body (14), the most vertically cell body (3) and Tilt cell body (14) to be connected on vertical cell body (2) in irregular letter Y-shaped structure, be provided with in described inclination cell body (14) Several hang plates (4), the top of described inclination cell body (14) and thin vertical cell body (3) is respectively equipped with overflow launder (5);Described Vertical cell body (2) top be provided with feeding mouth (1), valve (12);The bottom of vertical cell body (2) is provided with inverted cone cloth stream plate (6), The lower section of inverted cone cloth stream plate (6) is provided with the water inlet pipe (7) communicated with external water inlet pipe and the air inlet connected with external air inlet pipe Pipe (13), the center of vertical cell body (2) is provided with underflow discharge gate (8).
A kind of fine swash plate the most according to claim 1 heavily floats separator, it is characterised in that: described sorting post is Square or circular.
A kind of fine swash plate the most according to claim 1 heavily floats separator, it is characterised in that: described several tilt In the parallel draw-in groove being applied in cell body (14) of plate (4), the spacing of hang plate (4) is adjustable.
A kind of fine swash plate the most according to claim 1 heavily floats separator, it is characterised in that: described underflow discharge Mouth (8) place is provided with the flow control valve (9) being connected with PID controller (10).
A kind of fine swash plate the most according to claim 1 heavily floats separator, it is characterised in that: described valve (12) It is provided with the pressure transducer (11) being connected with PID controller (10).
A kind of fine swash plate the most according to claim 1 heavily floats separator, it is characterised in that: described inclination cell body (14) angle with horizontal plane is 65 °~75 °.
CN201610566116.0A 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of fine inclined plate floats sorting machine again Expired - Fee Related CN106179775B (en)

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Citations (20)

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SE386830B (en) * 1974-11-29 1976-08-23 Nordstjernan Rederi Ab DEVICE FOR SEPARATION OF A COMPONENT FROM A LIQUID PHASE
CA2088531A1 (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-08-01 Saleam Essop Separation accelerator
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CN204147604U (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-02-11 中国矿业大学 A kind of hang plate sedimentation basin for coal separation
CN104689900A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-06-10 中南大学 Comprehensive force field multithread gravity concentrator
CN105080700A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-11-25 中国矿业大学 Pulsation inclined plate intensification classifying and sorting device and method thereof
CN205797501U (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-14 中国矿业大学 A kind of fine swash plate heavily floats separator

Patent Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SE386830B (en) * 1974-11-29 1976-08-23 Nordstjernan Rederi Ab DEVICE FOR SEPARATION OF A COMPONENT FROM A LIQUID PHASE
CA2088531A1 (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-08-01 Saleam Essop Separation accelerator
US6814241B1 (en) * 1999-02-02 2004-11-09 The University Of Newcastle Research Associates Limited Reflux classifier
KR20080089799A (en) * 2007-04-02 2008-10-08 주식회사 에코빅 A wastewater transaction system
CN101125706A (en) * 2007-08-01 2008-02-20 范迪 Sewage biochemical treatment equipment
CA2633018A1 (en) * 2008-02-13 2009-08-13 William L. Strand An apparatus and a method for separating a flotation froth
CN201342370Y (en) * 2009-01-07 2009-11-11 煤炭科学研究总院唐山研究院 Water power classifying and sorting integrated device
CN102205262A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-10-05 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Liquid-solid interference fluidized bed separator as well as separating method and application thereof
CN102527499A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-07-04 中国矿业大学 Gravity classification and immersive screen combined classifying method and device utilizing same
CN203044172U (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-07-10 山东科技大学 Interference bed self-circulation flotation column
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CN203448174U (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-02-26 大地工程开发(集团)有限公司天津分公司 Three-product TBS teetered bed separator
CN103657839A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-03-26 中国矿业大学 Gas-liquid-solid three-phase fluidized bed sorting machine and sorting method thereof
CN204051871U (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-12-31 四川达竹煤电(集团)有限责任公司石板选煤发电厂 A kind of TBS separator of adjustable downflow weir
CN204147604U (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-02-11 中国矿业大学 A kind of hang plate sedimentation basin for coal separation
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CN205797501U (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-14 中国矿业大学 A kind of fine swash plate heavily floats separator

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