CN106116513A - The ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high - Google Patents

The ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106116513A
CN106116513A CN201610461025.0A CN201610461025A CN106116513A CN 106116513 A CN106116513 A CN 106116513A CN 201610461025 A CN201610461025 A CN 201610461025A CN 106116513 A CN106116513 A CN 106116513A
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meal
ceramic
slurry
corrosion resistance
drying
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舒小山
章建武
宫平
汤兴友
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ANHUI HANSHAN PORCELAIN Co Ltd
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ANHUI HANSHAN PORCELAIN Co Ltd
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/135Combustion residues, e.g. fly ash, incineration waste
    • C04B33/1352Fuel ashes, e.g. fly ash
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • C03C8/20Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions containing titanium compounds; containing zirconium compounds
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/10Eliminating iron or lime
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/009After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone characterised by the material treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C2204/00Glasses, glazes or enamels with special properties
    • C03C2204/02Antibacterial glass, glaze or enamel
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3217Aluminum oxide or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. bauxite, alpha-alumina
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The invention discloses the ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: bauxite 67, Vermiculitum 13 15, illite 10 13, petalite 10 13, boron carbide 34, bentonite 17 20, sodium alginate 34, mustard meal 79, isothiazolone 12, titanium dioxide 68, sepiolite powder 56, flyash 40 45, white glaze ball 35 40, cullet 68, Maifanitum 10 14, green tea 21 25, Pericarpium citri sinensis 14 17, conch meal 68, shrimp shell meal 46, polyvinyl alcohol 0.2 0.3, tributyl phosphate 0.2 0.3, deionized water is appropriate;The domestic ceramics of the present invention, conforming product rate is high, and the intensity of product, whiteness and thermal shock resistance are better than conventional ceramic, and corrosion resistance is high, and production cost is low, and overcomes the shortcoming of conventional ceramic transmittance difference, not easy-formation and a difficult problem for crackle.

Description

The ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high
Technical field
The present invention relates to domestic ceramics technical field, particularly relate to the ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high.
Background technology
China's not only rich in mineral resources, is also coal production state maximum in the world and consumption of coal state, in recent years simultaneously Coming, China's thermal power generation quickly grows, and wherein great majority are with coal as fuel, and generated energy reaches 1.3 hundred million kW h, shared by thermal power generation Ratio has reached 79.6%, thus causes flyash discharge capacity to increase year by year.In the end of the year 2010, discharge capacity reaches nearly 300,000,000 tons, in a large number The discharge of flyash have received to be paid close attention to the most widely.China started just to how utilizing flyash as resource from 1987 The breach of comprehensive utilization, comprehensively utilizes it, becomes a long-range policy of economy and social development.Cullet class thing Its chemical stability of matter is extremely strong, without putrefaction, does not burns, can not degrade, and substantial amounts of cullet both took up an area, and polluted again environment, reclaimed Being to save the energy, the optimal path of protection environment with utilizing, and have good economy, the main component of glass is dioxy SiClx, it is possible to promote the sintering of pottery.In Production of Ceramics, firing temperature is the highest, and firing time is the longest, and energy consumption is the highest, according to Heat Balance Calculation, firing temperature often reduces by 100 DEG C, then unit product heat consumption can reduce by more than 10%, and firing time often shortens 10%, Then yield increases by 10%, and heat consumption reduces by 4%, so reduction firing temperature and time have significant energy-saving and emission-reduction social meaning.
Over nearly 20 years, ceramic industry enters developmental stage with rapid changepl. never-ending changes and improvements, new technique, a large amount of uses of new equipment, pottery Porcelain yield also increases by a fairly big margin.New ceramics, as a kind of new material, solely sets one with the performance of its excellence at Material Field Flag, is paid much attention to by people.Domestic ceramics occupies an important position at Material Field as traditional ceramics material, because it Relating to the every aspect of people's life, the development of domestic ceramics is more wanted along with the raising of people's living standard proposes Asking, the most antibacterial is to propose most common requirement at present.Due to the wilderness demand of porcelain, a large amount of exploitations of china clay resource are just with frightened The speed of people reduces, and is non-renewable resources, if can not find alternate resources, it is likely that can face No Assets later The difficult situation that can adopt.Yang Yuwei et al. is at " utilizing the industrial wastes such as flyash to prepare the research of a domestic ceramics " literary composition middle finger Go out, utilize the flyash of power plant emission, a large amount of useless saggars of ceramic industry generation, useless porcelain powder to utilize Orthogonal Experiment and Design to join Side, develops cleaning and produces the formula of domestic ceramics, wherein flyash, useless saggar, the content of useless porcelain powder be 10% respectively, 10%, 8%, applying this technology can be that enterprise brings considerable economic benefit, and the recycling for flyash finds an exit, although carry High Social benefit and economic benefit, but a lot of performance is not reaching to the requirement of people, the most antibacterial, high temperature resistance, freeze proof etc. The shortcoming that performance is the highest, service life is not grown.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is contemplated to make up the defect of prior art, it is provided that the domestic ceramics system that a kind of corrosion resistance is high Product.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
The ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: bauxite 6-7, Vermiculitum 13- 15, illite 10-13, petalite 10-13, boron carbide 3-4, bentonite 17-20, sodium alginate 3-4, mustard meal 7-9, different thiophene Oxazoline ketone 1-2, titanium dioxide 6-8, sepiolite powder 5-6, flyash 40-45, white glaze ball 35-40, cullet 6-8, Maifanitum 10- 14, green tea 21-25, Pericarpium citri sinensis 14-17, conch meal 6-8, shrimp shell meal 4-6, polyvinyl alcohol 0.2-0.3, tributyl phosphate 0.2- 0.3, deionized water is appropriate.
The ceramic ware for daily use that described a kind of corrosion resistance is high, is made up of following concrete steps:
(1) being mixed by the deionized water of sodium alginate, mustard meal and 40-50 times amount, heated and stirred forms pastel, adds different Thiazolinone, titanium dioxide, sepiolite powder continue stirring, grind the even complex antimicrobials that obtains, drying for standby after vacuum defoamation;
(2) by Maifanitum clean dry after wear into fine powder, by green tea, Pericarpium citri sinensis, conch meal, shrimp shell meal mixing be added to 75% second In alcoholic solution, decoct 20-30min when 50-60 DEG C, be continuously heating to when 90-100 DEG C decoct 10-20min, be cooled to room temperature After carry out centrifugation, take after its supernatant concentration and polyvinyl alcohol, medical stone powder, tributyl phosphate ball milling 30-40min, knot While being stirred continuously slurry with direct current drive blender after bundle, it is standby that spray drying makes nano medical stone microsphere;
(3) cullet is cleaned up post-drying to crush, be then added to ground 100-200 mesh sieve in colloid mill, by glass Glass powder and flyash, bauxite, Vermiculitum, illite, bentonite are mixed to get dry material, add and account for dry material gross mass 40-50% Deionized water, obtained the slurry of 300-400 mesh through ball mill pulverizing;
(4) the slurry magnetic separator that step (3) obtains is carried out iron removal by magnetic separation, make content≤0.2% of ferrum in slurry, by slurry It is added to drying and moulding in forming machine and obtains base substrate, base substrate is put in the sintering furnace that in-furnace temperature is 100-200 DEG C, at 1230- Carrying out at a temperature of 1280 DEG C calcining 5-7h, after being cooled to room temperature, polishing is scraped standby;
(5) antibacterial mixing white glaze ball, petalite, boron carbide and step (1) obtained, is added in ball mill carry out wet method Ball milling, adds the deionized water of material gross weight 45-55%, the glaze slip after ball milling is crossed 200 mesh, 300 mesh sieves respectively, goes remove impurity Matter and coarse granule, obtain thin glaze slip, by glaze slip glazing on biscuit prepared by step (4), sinters 4-at 1160-1220 DEG C 5h;
(6) nano medical stone microsphere and the phosphoric acid hydrogen al binder step (2) prepared mix according to 2-3:1 ratio, are coated in Ceramic surface prepared by step (5), after drying in the shade, at 120-140 DEG C, constant temperature 2h is the most available.
The invention have the advantage that the present invention utilizes waste resource flyash as Ceramic Material, reduce the dirt to environment Dye, and wherein silicon oxide, alumina content are higher, and specific grain surface is long-pending big in loose structure, easily grinds, can reduce system The firing temperature of product, reaches energy-conservation purpose, and discarded glass, with flyash sintering process, melts at low temperatures, is formed Glass phase, plays the effect of bonding agent, reduces firing temperature, and it is smooth, freeze proof, easy to clean, anti-to improve ceramic surface The performance of the aspects such as impact, by the antibacterial of synthesis and glaze mixing glazing on biscuit of ceramics surface, improves ceramic antibacterial Performance, reduces the danger coefficient that the mankind are ill, and uses the decoction of green tea, Pericarpium citri sinensis, conch meal, shrimp shell meal to extract trace Element Maifanitum cladding forms nano medical stone microsphere, utilizes binding agent to be bonded in ceramic surface, solvable by being heated for a long time Going out the multiple trace element useful to human body, the body for people provides nutrition, building body, regulates metabolism, to human body Benefit, the domestic ceramics of the present invention, conforming product rate is high, and the intensity of product, whiteness and thermal shock resistance are better than conventional ceramic, Corrosion resistance is high, and production cost is low, and overcomes the shortcoming of conventional ceramic transmittance difference, not easy-formation and a difficult problem for crackle.
Detailed description of the invention
The ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion (kilogram): bauxite 6, Vermiculitum 13, illite 10, petalite 10, boron carbide 3, bentonite 17, sodium alginate 3, mustard meal 7, isothiazolone 1, Titanium dioxide 6, sepiolite powder 5, flyash 40, white glaze ball 35, cullet 6, Maifanitum 10, green tea 21, Pericarpium citri sinensis 14, conch meal 6, shrimp shell meal 4, polyvinyl alcohol 0.2, tributyl phosphate 0.2, deionized water are appropriate.
The ceramic ware for daily use that described a kind of corrosion resistance is high, is made up of following concrete steps:
(1) being mixed by the deionized water of sodium alginate, mustard meal and 40 times amount, heated and stirred forms pastel, adds different thiophene Oxazoline ketone, titanium dioxide, sepiolite powder continue stirring, grind the even complex antimicrobials that obtains, drying for standby after vacuum defoamation;
(2) by Maifanitum clean dry after wear into fine powder, by green tea, Pericarpium citri sinensis, conch meal, shrimp shell meal mixing be added to 75% second In alcoholic solution, decoct 20min when 50 DEG C, when being continuously heating to 90 DEG C, decoct 10min, be centrifuged after being cooled to room temperature point From, take after its supernatant concentration and polyvinyl alcohol, medical stone powder, tributyl phosphate ball milling 30min, after terminating, use unidirectional current Slurry is stirred continuously by dynamic blender, and it is standby that spray drying makes nano medical stone microsphere;
(3) cullet is cleaned up post-drying to crush, be then added to ground 100 mesh sieves in colloid mill, by glass dust Be mixed to get dry material with flyash, bauxite, Vermiculitum, illite, bentonite, add account for dry material gross mass 40% go from Sub-water, obtained the slurry of 300 mesh through ball mill pulverizing;
(4) the slurry magnetic separator that step (3) obtains is carried out iron removal by magnetic separation, make content≤0.2% of ferrum in slurry, by slurry It is added to drying and moulding in forming machine and obtains base substrate, base substrate is put in the sintering furnace that in-furnace temperature is 100 DEG C, 1230 DEG C of temperature Under carry out calcine 5h, after being cooled to room temperature polishing scrape standby;
(5) antibacterial mixing white glaze ball, petalite, boron carbide and step (1) obtained, is added in ball mill carry out wet method Ball milling, add material gross weight 45% deionized water, by the glaze slip after ball milling respectively cross 200 mesh, 300 mesh sieves, go the removal of impurity and Coarse granule, obtains thin glaze slip, by glaze slip glazing on biscuit prepared by step (4), sinters 4h at 1160 DEG C;
(6) nano medical stone microsphere and the phosphoric acid hydrogen al binder step (2) prepared mix according to 2:1 ratio, are coated in step Suddenly the ceramic surface that prepared by (5), after drying in the shade, at 120 DEG C, constant temperature 2h is the most available.
Test data:
Product appearance is regular, and glaze is smooth;Thermal shock resistance test reaches heat exchange in 20 DEG C of water of 200 DEG C of inputs and does not splits;Machine Tool intensity >=145mp2;Glaze vickers microhardness >=6.5GPa;Sunlight germicidal efficiency >=70% of lower 1 hour;Shock resistance is strong Degree >=1.4J/cm2.

Claims (2)

1. the ceramic ware for daily use that a corrosion resistance is high, it is characterised in that be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: aluminum vitriol Soil 6-7, Vermiculitum 13-15, illite 10-13, petalite 10-13, boron carbide 3-4, bentonite 17-20, sodium alginate 3-4, Mustard meal 7-9, isothiazolone 1-2, titanium dioxide 6-8, sepiolite powder 5-6, flyash 40-45, white glaze ball 35-40, useless glass Glass 6-8, Maifanitum 10-14, green tea 21-25, Pericarpium citri sinensis 14-17, conch meal 6-8, shrimp shell meal 4-6, polyvinyl alcohol 0.2-0.3, Tributyl phosphate 0.2-0.3, deionized water are appropriate.
The ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high, it is characterised in that by following concrete steps Preparation is made:
(1) being mixed by the deionized water of sodium alginate, mustard meal and 40-50 times amount, heated and stirred forms pastel, adds different Thiazolinone, titanium dioxide, sepiolite powder continue stirring, grind the even complex antimicrobials that obtains, drying for standby after vacuum defoamation;
(2) by Maifanitum clean dry after wear into fine powder, by green tea, Pericarpium citri sinensis, conch meal, shrimp shell meal mixing be added to 75% second In alcoholic solution, decoct 20-30min when 50-60 DEG C, be continuously heating to when 90-100 DEG C decoct 10-20min, be cooled to room temperature After carry out centrifugation, take after its supernatant concentration and polyvinyl alcohol, medical stone powder, tributyl phosphate ball milling 30-40min, knot While being stirred continuously slurry with direct current drive blender after bundle, it is standby that spray drying makes nano medical stone microsphere;
(3) cullet is cleaned up post-drying to crush, be then added to ground 100-200 mesh sieve in colloid mill, by glass Glass powder and flyash, bauxite, Vermiculitum, illite, bentonite are mixed to get dry material, add and account for dry material gross mass 40-50% Deionized water, obtained the slurry of 300-400 mesh through ball mill pulverizing;
(4) the slurry magnetic separator that step (3) obtains is carried out iron removal by magnetic separation, make content≤0.2% of ferrum in slurry, by slurry It is added to drying and moulding in forming machine and obtains base substrate, base substrate is put in the sintering furnace that in-furnace temperature is 100-200 DEG C, at 1230- Carrying out at a temperature of 1280 DEG C calcining 5-7h, after being cooled to room temperature, polishing is scraped standby;
(5) antibacterial mixing white glaze ball, petalite, boron carbide and step (1) obtained, is added in ball mill carry out wet method Ball milling, adds the deionized water of material gross weight 45-55%, the glaze slip after ball milling is crossed 200 mesh, 300 mesh sieves respectively, goes remove impurity Matter and coarse granule, obtain thin glaze slip, by glaze slip glazing on biscuit prepared by step (4), sinters 4-at 1160-1220 DEG C 5h;
(6) nano medical stone microsphere and the phosphoric acid hydrogen al binder step (2) prepared mix according to 2-3:1 ratio, are coated in Ceramic surface prepared by step (5), after drying in the shade, at 120-140 DEG C, constant temperature 2h is the most available.
CN201610461025.0A 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 The ceramic ware for daily use that a kind of corrosion resistance is high Withdrawn CN106116513A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108358620A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-08-03 合肥智龙机械设计有限公司 A kind of medical composite ceramic material and preparation method thereof that mechanical property is good
CN108892473A (en) * 2018-10-17 2018-11-27 安徽省德邦瓷业有限公司 A kind of antibacterial domestic ceramic

Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105084867A (en) * 2015-08-05 2015-11-25 澧县新鹏陶瓷有限公司 Antibiosis ceramic product with coal ash as main raw material and preparing method of antibiosis ceramic product

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105084867A (en) * 2015-08-05 2015-11-25 澧县新鹏陶瓷有限公司 Antibiosis ceramic product with coal ash as main raw material and preparing method of antibiosis ceramic product

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王永康等: "《纳米材料科学与技术》", 31 March 2002, 浙江大学出版社 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108358620A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-08-03 合肥智龙机械设计有限公司 A kind of medical composite ceramic material and preparation method thereof that mechanical property is good
CN108892473A (en) * 2018-10-17 2018-11-27 安徽省德邦瓷业有限公司 A kind of antibacterial domestic ceramic
CN108892473B (en) * 2018-10-17 2021-01-22 福建省德化铠宇陶瓷有限公司 Antibacterial domestic ceramic

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Application publication date: 20161116