CN106068781B - A kind of vernalization equipment - Google Patents

A kind of vernalization equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106068781B
CN106068781B CN201610468862.6A CN201610468862A CN106068781B CN 106068781 B CN106068781 B CN 106068781B CN 201610468862 A CN201610468862 A CN 201610468862A CN 106068781 B CN106068781 B CN 106068781B
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
support frame
internal layer
liquid
vernalization
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CN201610468862.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106068781A (en
Inventor
王福宏
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Guangde County Economic Development Zone North District Construction Co ltd
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Guangdong Funong Grape Specialized Cooperative
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/02Germinating apparatus; Determining germination capacity of seeds or the like

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Physiology (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Pretreatment Of Seeds And Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to vernalization equipment, belong to the presprouting of seeds technical field of fruit and vegetable crops, including cavity ontology, the humidity control system of the fluid circulation system that runs through and act on the cavity ontology and the control cavity ontology, the cavity ontology includes the outer layer of light transmission and the internal layer being protected from light that is connected to the outer layer, the internal layer includes several vernalization units, and the vernalization unit includes fixed border and at least two layers storage liquid unsaturated zone for clamping the detachable of seed and stretching being arranged in the fixed border;The fixed border is connect with the fluid circulation system.Using the above scheme provide so that seed germination quickly and high survival rate equipment.

Description

A kind of vernalization equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to the presprouting of seeds technical field of fruit and vegetable crops, especially a kind of vernalization equipment.
Background technique
Existing vernalization carries out the immersion of a period of time by seed prior to seeding, makes to be full of full freedom in seed Then water makes the nutrient in seed decompose operating, the important measures of supply rataria growth rapidly.Saturation Free water will be drawn Just directly equal germinations after seed is sowed, this simple seed treatment mode although play the effect of vernalization but not It is improved the efficiency and success rate of budding.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the invention is to provide so that seed germination quickly and high survival rate equipment.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the invention has the technical scheme that a kind of vernalization equipment, including holds The humidity control system of chamber ontology, the fluid circulation system for running through and acting on the cavity ontology and the control cavity ontology, The cavity ontology includes the outer layer of light transmission and the internal layer being protected from light that is connected to the outer layer, and the internal layer includes several vernalization lists Member, the vernalization unit include fixed border and be arranged in the fixed border at least two layers for clamping the removable of seed The storage liquid unsaturated zone for unloading and stretching;The fixed border is connect with the fluid circulation system.Illumination is irradiated to interior through outer layer Layer, so that the temperature of internal layer quickly increases, provides temperature required for germination, vernalization unit can carry a large amount of seed It is also acted when undertaking temperature adjustment effect with other nutrition, humidity control systems such as moisture content required for germination Supplement the effect of oxygen required for internal layer germination.
Preferably, the humidity control system includes being laid on the heat-sink shell of the internal layer surface and being provided with described outer Ventilation device on layer.By being laid with temperature and oxygen required for heat-sink shell energy fast lifting internal layer germination in internal layer surface Gas.When ventilation device acts on so that internal layer enhanced oxygen and when adjust temperature, the setting of internal layer is so that air in internal layer It can't become active and enliven with the air circulation between internal layer and outer layer, the water content and temperature of relatively stable internal layer Degree.
Preferably, the fluid circulation system includes being located at liquid storage pool near the cavity ontology and from the storage liquid The transmission pipeline that pond is drawn is connect with the fixed border.The liquid of promotion germination in liquid storage pool passes through soft transfer tube Road is guided on fixed border, and extra liquid flows back into liquid storage pool from newly.
Preferably, the fixed border is hollow and surface is provided with fluid hole, the fluid hole and the storage liquid are ventilated Layer matches.Liquid can be made to reach at the first time to store on liquid unsaturated zone, prevent the nutritional ingredient for improving germination percentage in Way is lost.
Preferably, the liquid storage pool includes collecting tank and processing pond, the cavity ontology is arranged in the collecting tank A side and the liquid slid due to gravity can be collected, and the collecting tank bottom freely flows to liquid in an inclined-plane The processing pond.Collecting tank first can will be in extra liquids recovery to processing pond, moreover it is possible to will evaporate because temperature increases Moisture is slipped in collecting tank from newly after liquefying onto shell and flows back into processing pond.
Preferably, being provided with filler in the collecting tank connects the cavity ontology.Filler makes cavity ontology It is horizontally arranged and surplus liquid can be recycled and keep enough oxygen.
Preferably, the heat-sink shell is Dk Trellis cloth.Dark color can absorb sunlight, preferably black;Grid cloth energy The air alleviated between inner air and outer layer and internal layer flows.
Preferably, the vessel includes support frame, support frame as described above includes several supporting elements, and the supporting element can Dismantling connection includes internal layer support frame and outer layer support frame at a closed solid geometry body, support frame as described above.
Preferably, the solid geometry body setting is rectangular or cylindrical in one.
Preferably, being provided with connector sleeve between the supporting element, and the connector sleeve and the supporting element cross together screw It is fixed.
In conclusion the present invention realizes the germination efficiency for improving seed and germination success rate, and structure is simple, resource energy Recycling.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is side view cutaway drawing of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view cutaway drawing of vernalization unit of the present invention;
In fig. 1 and 2,1- cavity ontology, 2- fluid circulation system, 3- humidity control system, 4- support frame, outside 11- Layer, 12- internal layer, 13- vernalization unit, 14- ventilation device, 21- liquid storage pool, 22- transmission pipeline, 23- collecting tank, 24- processing pond, 25- filler, 31- heat-sink shell, 41- supporting element, 42- internal layer support frame, 43- outer layer support frame, 131- fixed border, 132- store Liquid unsaturated zone, 133- fluid hole.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, invention is further described in detail.
A kind of vernalization equipment as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, including cavity ontology 1, cavity ontology 1 include support frame 4, support Frame 4 includes several supporting elements 41, and connector sleeve is provided between supporting element 41, and supporting element is embedded in connector sleeve, then passes through screw Supporting element and connector sleeve are fixed up to form a cylindrical cavity ontology 1.Supporting element 41 forms one after connecting and puts Internal layer support frame 42 and outer layer support frame 43 in a horizontal support surface are set, the side of internal layer support frame 42 is covered with impermeable Bright and closed nylon cloth, 42 upper surface of internal layer support frame are provided with unsaturated zone, 42 shape of nylon cloth, unsaturated zone and internal layer support frame At internal layer 12, the grid cloth for heat absorption of black is covered on internal layer 12;The surface of outer layer support frame 43 is covered with light transmission Nylon cloth, outer layer 11 is formed in nylon cloth and outer layer support frame 43, in the nylon cloth of nylon cloth and horizontal support surface contact position On offer ventilation device 14.
Entire cavity ontology 1 is placed in nature, and sunlight and heat are conducted by outer layer 11 into internal layer 12, because interior Layer 12 is provided with the grid cloth of black, so the temperature of internal layer 12 can rise quickly, is provided with leading on outer layer 11 by adjusting The size of depressed structure 14, so that adjusting the temperature between internal layer 12 and outer layer 11 so that internal layer 12 is able to maintain at one properly Temperature, so the space where internal layer 12 is thermostat layer, the space between internal layer 12 and outer layer 11 is temperature control layer.
Vernalization unit 13 is set in the space where internal layer 12, and vernalization unit 13 includes that fixed border 131 and setting exist Two layers of storage liquid unsaturated zone 132 for clamping the detachable of seed and stretching in fixed border 131, fixed border 131 are placed In horizontal support surface, and discharged by way of stacking multiple;Between on being placed on horizontal support surface, first in fixation One layer of storage liquid unsaturated zone 132 is set in frame 131, and storing liquid unsaturated zone 132 is to be formed by multilayer gauze layer is folded, uniform on the layer After sowing the seed after selecting, then cover one layer of storage liquid unsaturated zone 132.
Fluid circulation system 2 includes the liquid storage pool 21 being located near cavity ontology 1, and liquid storage pool 21 includes collecting tank 23 and place Pond 24 is managed, collecting tank 23 is arranged in a side of cavity ontology 1 and can collect the liquid slid due to gravity, and collecting tank 23 slot bottoms make liquid freely flow to processing pond 24 in an inclined-plane.The most suitable mode of above structure is that collecting tank 23 is arranged Below horizontal support surface, so that collecting tank 22 finally contains a side of internal layer 12 and a side of outer layer 11, this Kind optimal result enables extra liquid in internal layer 12 to flow back into collecting tank 22, the liquid energy evaporated because temperature increases It is flowed back into collecting tank 22 along 11 wall of outer layer;Water pump is provided in processing pond 23, water pump output end is connected with transmission pipeline 22, and the transmission pipeline 22 is soft transmission pipeline.In order to enable liquid loses less, soft transfer tube in flow process Road is directly connect with fixed border 131, and most suitable 131 structure of fixed border for connecting with soft transfer tube is fixed border 131 is hollow and surface is provided with fluid hole 133, and fluid hole 133 matches with liquid unsaturated zone 132 is stored.In order to enable collecting tank 23 Cavity ontology 1 can be supported, so filler 25 is arranged in collecting tank 23, the upper surface of filler 25 is exactly horizontal support surface, Filler 25 includes the stalk layer that 23 bottom of collecting tank is arranged in, and is laid on the excretion nitride layer of the sheep on stalk layer, re-lays One layer of stalk layer, then it is laid with cinder layer on the stalk layer, one layer of quartzy sand bed is laid on cinder layer.Stalk layer is for basis Support is fixed and can have air exchange again, and excretion nitride layer is also required to guarantee that the circulation of air will also guarantee do not have in some germination liquids Nutritional cost and microorganism, cinder layer be used for provide support force and ventilation and can absorb drain nitride layer peculiar smell.
Fluid circulation system 2 is to work as seed to place completion in vernalization unit 13, and the vernalization liquid mixed up is put into processing In pond 24, germination liquid is sent into fixed border 131 by pump working, and the liquid into fixed border 131 can be flowed through fluid hole 133 Enter to store and make to store liquid unsaturated zone 132 always in liquid unsaturated zone 132 in moisture state, extra liquid is freely filled through object 25 It flows into collecting tank 23 and reaches in processing pond 24;And part germination liquid is liquefied as liquid through outer again after evaporating on outer layer 11 The space of layer 11 and internal layer 12, which flows back into collecting tank 23, to be then return in processing pond 24.Internal layer 12 has blocked the air of temperature control layer Vernalization unit is flowed into so the different worries in internal layer 12 lead to the rapidly losing of liquid because of air circulation.Germination liquid Flowing also play adjust internal layer 12 temperature effect.
With the method for the vernalization equipment vernalization, enough sunshine duration level land at one is selected to excavate a processing pond 24 first, A collecting tank 22 in communication is excavated in 24 a side of processing pond, distance of the slot bottom of collecting tank 22 apart from earth's surface is by separate One end of processing pond 24 is gradually increased obliquely to one end close to processing pond 24.
Then filler 25 is laid in collecting tank 22, the thickness that stalk layer is laid with, which is significantly larger than, drains nitride layer and cinder Layer, quartzy sand bed, which is used to fill collecting tank, to be on the same face with ground surface.
Then start to build cylindrical support frame 4 on quartzy sand bed, first by the connection of supporting element 41 in an internal layer support Frame 42 and outer layer support frame 43, the nylon cloth that light transmission is then covered on outer layer support frame 43 forms outer layer 11, then in internal layer Fixed border 131 is disposed in support frame 42, soft transmission pipeline of arranging is connected and fixed frame 131 and processing pond 24, in fixed edge Setting stores liquid unsaturated zone 132 in frame 131, and seed to be germinateed uniformly is sprinkled on this layer, then in one layer of storage liquid ventilation of covering Layer 132, store for two layers liquid unsaturated zone 132 by seed clamping ensure entire germination environment be it is dark, have sufficient moisture And nutrition, and there are also sufficient oxygen.
Lighttight nylon cloth is covered on the side of internal layer support frame 42, is provided with lighttight ventilation on an upper Gauze forms internal layer 12 by above-mentioned processing, the heat-sink shell 31 of black is covered on internal layer 12.
Then ventilation device 14 is opened up on the light transmission nylon cloth of outer layer 12, opens up position and is near quartzy sand bed Outer layer side on.
Promote the fast of seed by the flow of germination liquid in the air mass flow and fixed border 131 of adjusting ventilation device 14 Speed germination.The temperature of internal layer 12 is remained between 20 ° to 25 °, the moisture content of internal layer 12 keeps the surface of the seed to locate always In dampness.The germination liquid in processing pond 24 is heated up when night.
By 3-4 days, seed can reach bud ratio very.
This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, is not limitation of the present invention, those skilled in the art Member can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but as long as at this All by the protection of Patent Law in the scope of the claims of invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of vernalization equipment, which is characterized in that including cavity ontology (1), the liquid that runs through and act on the cavity ontology (1) The humidity control system (3) of the circulatory system (2) and the control cavity ontology (1), the cavity ontology (1) include the outer of light transmission Layer (11) and the internal layer (12) being protected from light being connected to the outer layer (11), the internal layer (12) includes several vernalization units (13), The vernalization unit (13) includes fixed border (131) and is arranged for pressing from both sides at least two layers in the fixed border (131) The detachable of seed and flexible water storage unsaturated zone (132) are held, the fixed border (131) is hollow and surface is provided with fluid hole (133), the fluid hole (133) matches with the water storage unsaturated zone (132);The fixed border (131) and the liquid The circulatory system (2) connection;The cavity ontology (1) includes support frame (4), and support frame as described above (4) includes internal layer support frame (42) With outer layer support frame (43), the side of internal layer support frame (42) is covered with opaque and closed nylon cloth, internal layer support frame (42) upper surface is provided with unsaturated zone, and nylon cloth, unsaturated zone and internal layer support frame (42) form internal layer (12), on internal layer (12) It is covered with the grid cloth for heat absorption of black, the surface of outer layer support frame (43) is covered with the nylon cloth of light transmission, in nylon cloth Outer layer (11) are formed with outer layer support frame (43), ventilation is offered on the nylon cloth of nylon cloth Yu horizontal support surface contact position Structure (14);The fluid circulation system (2) includes being located at the neighbouring liquid storage pool (21) of the cavity ontology (1) and from the storage The transmission pipeline (22) that liquid pool (21) is drawn, the transmission pipeline (22) connect with the fixed border (131), the liquid storage pool (21) include collecting tank (23) and processing pond (24), filler (25) are provided in the collecting tank (23) and connect the cavity sheet Body (1), the filler (25) include stalk layer of the setting in collecting tank (23) bottom, are laid on the row of the sheep on stalk layer Nitride layer is let out, re-lays one layer of stalk layer, then be laid with cinder layer on the stalk layer, one layer of quartzy sand bed is laid on cinder layer.
2. a kind of vernalization equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the collecting tank (23) is arranged in the cavity A side of ontology (1) and can collect due to gravity and slide liquid, and the collecting tank (23) slot bottom be in an inclined-plane So that liquid freely flows to the processing pond (24).
CN201610468862.6A 2016-06-25 2016-06-25 A kind of vernalization equipment Active CN106068781B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610468862.6A CN106068781B (en) 2016-06-25 2016-06-25 A kind of vernalization equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610468862.6A CN106068781B (en) 2016-06-25 2016-06-25 A kind of vernalization equipment

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CN106068781A CN106068781A (en) 2016-11-09
CN106068781B true CN106068781B (en) 2019-08-16

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255302A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-07 青岛华盛绿能农业科技有限公司 Dual-net dual-film shed
CN204518376U (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-08-05 西北农林科技大学 A kind of broom corn millet seed germination box
CN204762497U (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 四川农业大学 Vegetable planting warmhouse booth of area cooling function
CN204762531U (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 榆林学院 Heat supply of big -arch shelter soil is moisturized and is irrigated water intensification cyclic utilization system
CN105557305A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-11 贵州高原蓝梦菇业科技有限公司 Internal sunshade greenhouse for year-round culture of edible fungi

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255302A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-07 青岛华盛绿能农业科技有限公司 Dual-net dual-film shed
CN204518376U (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-08-05 西北农林科技大学 A kind of broom corn millet seed germination box
CN204762531U (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 榆林学院 Heat supply of big -arch shelter soil is moisturized and is irrigated water intensification cyclic utilization system
CN204762497U (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 四川农业大学 Vegetable planting warmhouse booth of area cooling function
CN105557305A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-11 贵州高原蓝梦菇业科技有限公司 Internal sunshade greenhouse for year-round culture of edible fungi

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Effective date of registration: 20240116

Address after: 242227 Jinnong Road, Qiuchun Town, Guangde County, Xuancheng City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: Guangde County Economic Development Zone North District Construction Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 242200 Qiu Village, Guangde County, Xuancheng City, Anhui Province

Patentee before: GUANGDE FUNONG GRAPE SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES