CN105993709A - Greenhouse with cultivation of tide-type irrigation - Google Patents

Greenhouse with cultivation of tide-type irrigation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105993709A
CN105993709A CN201610594294.4A CN201610594294A CN105993709A CN 105993709 A CN105993709 A CN 105993709A CN 201610594294 A CN201610594294 A CN 201610594294A CN 105993709 A CN105993709 A CN 105993709A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cultivation
bed body
cultivation bed
steam
pipeline
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610594294.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
章成文
宾权
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xiangtan Jufeng Peng Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xiangtan Jufeng Peng Industry Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xiangtan Jufeng Peng Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Xiangtan Jufeng Peng Industry Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610594294.4A priority Critical patent/CN105993709A/en
Publication of CN105993709A publication Critical patent/CN105993709A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/02Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G11/00Sterilising soil by steam
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a greenhouse with cultivation of tide-type irrigation. Cultivation beds are arranged in the greenhouse and connected with a tide-type irrigation system. The greenhouse has the advantages that fertilizer liquid, a growth regulator and water completely circulates in a closed system, reflux liquid is completely recycled, water saving and high efficiency are achieved, 90% of water can be utilized, no water is drained, and a green and environment-friendly planting technique is achieved; the phenomenon that water films are generated on the plant leaf surfaces is avoided, leaves receive more illumination for photosynthesis, and more nutrients are absorbed from roots through transpiration pull; the relative humidity in air is easy to control, the leaf surfaces are kept dry, and the dosage of chemicals is decreased; coupled with computer control management, more precise irrigation can be achieved according to the plant growth conditions through control devices such as a temperature controller, a humidity detector and a soil detector, it is guaranteed that the plant growth speed is higher, the production efficiency is improved, the plant growth height is uniform, production standardization is achieved, the quality is guaranteed, and the cost is reduced; a steam disinfection device is arranged, therefore, the soil can be disinfected before crops are replaced, and occurrence of pest and disease damage is greatly reduced.

Description

Tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of warmhouse booth, a kind of and that tidal irrigation technology is combined greenhouse is big Canopy.
Background technology
Warmhouse booth is the key facility of modern agriculture, can be with regulating illumination, sunshade, and is furnished with rainproof anti- Wind, gear be cold and the auxiliary facility such as modern agriculture science and technology facility, thus realizes the vegetable seed in any season Plant, fruit plantation, flower culture, cultivation and seed breeding etc., but plantation side in warmhouse booth at present Formula still uses the mode of spray on the ground, and one is that solution, growth regulator, water consumption are big;Two is spray Drench on plant leaf surface and melon and fruit surface, affect the photosynthesis on blade face, easily cause blade face and melon and fruit rots. Existing tidal irrigation cultivation technique cultivation bed surface uses the waterproof plastics Seedling dish of compression molding.Irrigate Time, fill clear water or nutritional solution in Seedling dish, and make it be detained the regular hour, so that crop relies on capillary Act through the osculum bottom flowerpot and absorb moisture.Irrigation water discharges cultivation bed afterwards, or collects profit again With, or it is exhausted directly to the sewer pipe of locality.Although overcoming some defects of spray irrigation mode, but Owing to clear water or nutritional solution are directly exposed in air in dish, evaporation capacity is big, and in causing booth, air is wet Degree is big, if not collecting in the sewer pipe being exhausted directly to locality, causing nutritional solution to waste, also resulting in ring Environment pollution.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse.
The technical scheme is that a kind of tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse sets in warmhouse booth Having cultivation bed, cultivation bed to connect tide type irrigation system, described cultivation bed includes cultivating bed body, is planting Being provided with band through hole dividing plate in training bed body, through hole dividing plate is then filled with cultivating soil, through hole dividing plate will cultivate bed The solution flowing space it is divided into bottom body;Equipped with feed tube bottom cultivation bed body, liquid back pipe, at feed tube On equipped with feed liquor automatic valve, at liquid back pipe equipped with returning liquid automatic valve;Described tide type irrigation system includes Solution tank, backflow collecting pit, solution tank connects the feed tube bottom cultivation bed body by pipeline, at fertilizer Equipped with liquid feeding pump on the pipeline between feed tube bottom flow container and cultivation bed body;Backflow collecting pit passes through Pipeline connects the liquid back pipe bottom cultivation bed body, and backflow collecting pit is connected by pipeline with solution tank, Equipped with fluid infusion pump on pipeline between backflow collecting pit and solution tank.
Equipped with temperature controller, humidity measurement instrument, Soil K+adsorption instrument in cultivation bed body.
At backflow collecting pit equipped with defecator.
Filling steam sterilizing apparatus on cultivation bed, described steam sterilizing apparatus includes steam generator, Equipped with steam pipe bottom cultivation bed body, steam generator connects steam pipe by pipeline, in steam generation Equipped with steam automatic valve on the pipeline that device is connected with steam pipe.
In the outlet of steam pipe equipped with steam jet.
The present invention has the following technical effect that, one is that solution, growth regulator, water are being closed completely System circulates, and backflow recycles completely, water-saving efficient, can reach the utilization of 90%, the most outward Row, is the planting technology of a kind of environmental protection;Two is to avoid plant leaf surface to produce moisture film, makes blade accept More illumination row photosynthesis, promotes transpiration pull from the more nutrient of root absorption;Three is empty In gas, relative humidity is easily controlled, and keeps blade face to be dried, reduces the usage amount of chemicals;Four is auxiliary Management is controlled with computer, by temperature controller, humidity measurement instrument, Soil K+adsorption instrument equal controller, can root Realize irrigating more accurately according to vegetation growth state, it is ensured that plant growth rate faster improves production efficiency, Plant growing high unity realizes production standard, it is ensured that quality, reduces cost.Five is to have vapor sterilization Device, can process disinfecting soil before changing cultivation crop, greatly reduce the generation of pest and disease damage.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the present invention cultivates bed.
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view that the present invention cultivates bed.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse, set in warmhouse booth 1 Having cultivation bed, cultivation bed to connect tide type irrigation system, described cultivation bed includes cultivating bed body 2, is planting Training bed body 2 in be provided with band through hole dividing plate 21, through hole dividing plate 21 is then filled with cultivating soil 22, through hole every Plate 21 is divided into the solution flowing space by bottom cultivation bed body 2;Equipped with feed tube 23 bottom cultivation bed body 2, Liquid back pipe 24, equipped with feed liquor automatic valve 11 on feed tube 23, at liquid back pipe 24 equipped with returning liquid automatic valve 12;Described tide type irrigation system includes solution tank 6, backflow collecting pit 7, and solution tank 6 is by pipe Road connects the feed tube 23 bottom cultivation bed body 2, the feed tube bottom solution tank 6 with cultivation bed body 2 Equipped with liquid feeding pump 10 on pipeline between 23;Backflow collecting pit 7 connects cultivation bed body 2 end by pipeline The liquid back pipe 24 in portion, backflow collecting pit 7 is connected by pipeline with solution tank 6, at backflow collecting pit Equipped with fluid infusion pump 10 on pipeline between 7 and solution tank 6.
Equipped with temperature controller 3, humidity measurement instrument 4, Soil K+adsorption instrument 5 in cultivation bed body 2.
At backflow collecting pit 7 equipped with defecator 8.
As it is shown on figure 3, fill steam sterilizing apparatus on cultivation bed, described steam sterilizing apparatus includes steaming Vapour generator 13, is passing through pipeline equipped with steam pipe 25, steam generator 13 bottom cultivation bed body 2 Connect steam pipe 25, equipped with steam automatic valve on the pipeline that steam generator 13 is connected with steam pipe 25 14。
In the outlet of steam pipe 25 equipped with steam jet 26.
The operation principle of the present invention:
Before changing cultivation crop, produce high-temperature steam by steam generator 13, enter into cultivation by pipeline In training bed body 2, apertured partition 21 is divided into the solution flowing space bottom cultivation bed body 2;Pass through apertured partition 21 enter into cultivating soil 22 carries out disinfection, and kills the pest and disease damage stayed during upper once raise crop.
After being loaded into crop, in solution tank 6, solution, growth regulator, water are pressed into by liquid feeding pump 10 It is divided in the solution flowing space bottom cultivation bed body 2 to apertured partition 21, and penetrates into cultivating soil 22 In, humidity measurement instrument 4, by detecting the humidity of soil, controls the time that liquid feeding pump 10 starts, works as humidity After reaching setting value, closing liquid feeding pump 10, the solution of retention, growth regulator, water pass through liquid back pipe 24 It flow back in backflow collecting pit 7, by filtration treatment, can add in solution tank 6.
In the winter time, steam generator 13 produces steam and can improve the temperature of soil, it is ensured that crop has most preferably Growth temperature.

Claims (5)

1. a tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse, is provided with cultivation bed in warmhouse booth (1), plants Training bed connects tide type irrigation system, it is characterised in that: described cultivation bed includes cultivating bed body (2), Being provided with band through hole dividing plate (21) in cultivation bed body (2), through hole dividing plate is then filled with cultivating soil on (21) Earth (22), cultivation bed body (2) bottom is divided into the solution flowing space by through hole dividing plate (21);In cultivation Bed body (2) bottom is equipped with feed tube (23), and liquid back pipe (24), equipped with feed liquor on feed tube (23) Automatic valve (11), at liquid back pipe (24) equipped with returning liquid automatic valve (12);Described tidal irrigation system System includes solution tank (6), backflow collecting pit (7), and solution tank (6) connects cultivation bed body by pipeline (2) feed tube (23) of bottom, at the feed tube (23) of solution tank (6) with cultivation bed body (2) bottom Between pipeline on equipped with liquid feeding pump (10);Backflow collecting pit (7) connects cultivation bed body by pipeline (2) liquid back pipe (24) of bottom, backflow collecting pit (7) is connected by pipeline with solution tank (6), Equipped with fluid infusion pump (10) on pipeline between backflow collecting pit (7) and solution tank (6).
A kind of tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Equipped with temperature controller (3), humidity measurement instrument (4), Soil K+adsorption instrument (5) in cultivation bed body (2).
A kind of tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: At backflow collecting pit (7) equipped with defecator (8).
A kind of tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Filling steam sterilizing apparatus on cultivation bed, described steam sterilizing apparatus includes steam generator (13), Steaming is connected equipped with steam pipe (25), steam generator (13) by pipeline in cultivation bed body (2) bottom Steam pipe (25), automatic equipped with steam on the pipeline that steam generator (13) is connected with steam pipe (25) Valve (14).
A kind of tidal irrigation cultivation greenhouse the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: In the outlet of steam pipe (25) equipped with steam jet (26).
CN201610594294.4A 2016-07-26 2016-07-26 Greenhouse with cultivation of tide-type irrigation Pending CN105993709A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610594294.4A CN105993709A (en) 2016-07-26 2016-07-26 Greenhouse with cultivation of tide-type irrigation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610594294.4A CN105993709A (en) 2016-07-26 2016-07-26 Greenhouse with cultivation of tide-type irrigation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105993709A true CN105993709A (en) 2016-10-12

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610594294.4A Pending CN105993709A (en) 2016-07-26 2016-07-26 Greenhouse with cultivation of tide-type irrigation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105993709A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107660417A (en) * 2017-08-04 2018-02-06 济南新绿洲农业发展有限公司 A kind of novel flower warmhouse booth
CN109845534A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-06-07 岳西神农氏农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings
CN111264202A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-12 江苏农林职业技术学院 Tide type irrigation cultivation device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101233822A (en) * 2008-02-28 2008-08-06 上海交通大学 Multi-layer tide irrigation raise seedling device
CN101965795A (en) * 2010-07-29 2011-02-09 北京市农林科学院 Nutrient solution matrix-free seedling raising and cultivating system and seedling raising method
CN204377515U (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-06-10 河海大学 A kind of automatic irrigating flower-pot
CN204948726U (en) * 2015-07-31 2016-01-13 北京华农农业工程技术有限公司 Morning and evening tides formula is irrigated system for seedbed
CN205124519U (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-04-06 鑫晟欣(厦门)农业工场技术有限公司 Morning and evening tides formula seedling tray
CN205865329U (en) * 2016-07-26 2017-01-11 湘潭市巨丰棚业有限公司 Cultivation warmhouse booth is irrigated to morning and evening tides formula

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101233822A (en) * 2008-02-28 2008-08-06 上海交通大学 Multi-layer tide irrigation raise seedling device
CN101965795A (en) * 2010-07-29 2011-02-09 北京市农林科学院 Nutrient solution matrix-free seedling raising and cultivating system and seedling raising method
CN204377515U (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-06-10 河海大学 A kind of automatic irrigating flower-pot
CN204948726U (en) * 2015-07-31 2016-01-13 北京华农农业工程技术有限公司 Morning and evening tides formula is irrigated system for seedbed
CN205124519U (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-04-06 鑫晟欣(厦门)农业工场技术有限公司 Morning and evening tides formula seedling tray
CN205865329U (en) * 2016-07-26 2017-01-11 湘潭市巨丰棚业有限公司 Cultivation warmhouse booth is irrigated to morning and evening tides formula

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
熊丽等: "《云南省百合切花生产技术规程》", 31 January 2006, 云南科技出版社 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107660417A (en) * 2017-08-04 2018-02-06 济南新绿洲农业发展有限公司 A kind of novel flower warmhouse booth
CN109845534A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-06-07 岳西神农氏农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings
CN111264202A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-12 江苏农林职业技术学院 Tide type irrigation cultivation device

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Application publication date: 20161012

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