CN106068765B - A kind of germination accelerating method - Google Patents

A kind of germination accelerating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106068765B
CN106068765B CN201610468863.0A CN201610468863A CN106068765B CN 106068765 B CN106068765 B CN 106068765B CN 201610468863 A CN201610468863 A CN 201610468863A CN 106068765 B CN106068765 B CN 106068765B
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
liquid
support frame
vernalization
storage pool
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CN201610468863.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106068765A (en
Inventor
王福宏
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Guangdong Funong Grape Specialized Cooperative
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Guangdong Funong Grape Specialized Cooperative
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/02Germinating apparatus; Determining germination capacity of seeds or the like

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of germination accelerating methods, belong to presprouting of seeds technical field, is handled by finding the sufficient level land leveling of sunlight irradiation open at one, excavate liquid storage pool on the ground after leveling, filler is disposed in the liquid storage pool, cavity ontology is disposed on the filler;Vernalization unit is disposed to accommodate seed among the cavity ontology;Setting is protected from light layer outside the vernalization unit;Liquid in the liquid storage pool is guided in the vernalization unit, remains that the vernalization unit is in and contains aforesaid liquid state;Temperature in the vernalization unit is kept to be between 20 ° -25 °;The air in the vernalization unit is kept to be in circulation status.Make seed germination quickly using the above scheme and high survival rate.

Description

A kind of germination accelerating method
Technical field
The invention belongs to presprouting of seeds technical field, especially a kind of germination accelerating method.
Background technique
Existing vernalization carries out the immersion of a period of time by seed prior to seeding, makes to be full of full freedom in seed Then water makes the nutrient in seed decompose operating, the important measures of supply rataria growth rapidly.Saturation Free water will be drawn Just directly equal germinations after seed is sowed, this simple seed treatment mode although play the effect of vernalization but not It is improved the efficiency and success rate of budding.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the invention is to provide so that seed germination quickly and high survival rate method.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the invention has the technical scheme that a kind of germination accelerating method, feature It is,
The sufficient level land leveling processing of sunlight irradiation open at one is found, excavates liquid storage pool on the ground after leveling, Filler is disposed in the liquid storage pool, cavity ontology is disposed on the filler;
Vernalization unit is disposed to accommodate seed among the cavity ontology;
Setting is protected from light layer outside the vernalization unit;
Liquid in the liquid storage pool is guided in the vernalization unit, remains that the vernalization unit is in containing upper State liquid condition;
Temperature in the vernalization unit is kept to be between 20 DEG C -25 DEG C;
The air in the vernalization unit is kept to be in circulation status.
Heat by collecting nature stores the fast germination for realizing seed, and seed is placed on intermediate progress vernalization It is to prevent bottom ventilation insufficient and cause Some seeds that cannot germinate.
Preferably, the filler includes the stalk layer for being laid on the liquid storage pool bottom, the stalk layer is by pushing With leveling and sofening treatment;Then it is laid with the excretion nitride layer of sheep on the stalk layer and uniformly flattens;Again in the row of the sheep It lets out and is laid with one layer of stalk layer in nitride layer and by pushing and flattening simultaneously sofening treatment;Cinder is laid on the stalk layer again Layer, then be laid with one layer of quartzy sand bed on the cinder layer and flatten at holding and above-mentioned level land in the same plane.
Preferably, the cavity ontology includes the outer layer of light transmission and the internal layer being protected from light that is connected to the outer layer.
Preferably, the vernalization unit includes that fixed border and be arranged in the fixed border at least two layers are used for Clamp the detachable of seed and flexible water storage unsaturated zone.
Preferably, the liquid storage pool includes collecting tank and processing pond, the collecting tank setting can collect the cavity A side of liquid for sliding due to gravity in ontology, and the collecting tank slot bottom makes liquid free flow in an inclined-plane To the processing pond.
Preferably, being provided with germination liquid in the liquid storage pool, the dissolved oxygen concentration in the germination liquid is 10-12mg/ L。
Preferably, the cavity ontology includes support frame, support frame as described above includes internal layer support frame and outer layer support frame, The internal layer support frame and the outer layer support frame include several supporting elements, the supporting element be detachably connected into one it is closed Solid geometry body.
Preferably, the solid geometry body setting is in a cuboid or cylindrical body.
Preferably, being provided with connector sleeve between the supporting element, and the connector sleeve and the supporting element cross together screw It is fixed.
In conclusion the present invention realizes the germination efficiency for improving seed and germination success rate, and structure is simple, resource energy Recycling.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is side view cutaway drawing of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view cutaway drawing of vernalization unit of the present invention;
In fig. 1 and 2,1- cavity ontology, 2- fluid circulation system, 3- humidity control system, 4- support frame, outside 11- Layer, 12- internal layer, 13- vernalization unit, 14- ventilation device, 21- liquid storage pool, 22- transmission pipeline, 23- collecting tank, 24- processing pond, 25- filler, 31- heat-sink shell, 41- supporting element, 42- internal layer support frame, 43- outer layer support frame, 131- fixed border, 132- store Liquid unsaturated zone, 133- fluid hole.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, invention is further described in detail.
A kind of germination accelerating method as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, assembles a cavity ontology 1 first, and cavity ontology 1 includes support Frame 4, support frame 4 include several supporting elements 41, and connector sleeve is provided between supporting element 41, and supporting element 41 is embedded in connector sleeve, so It is fixed up supporting element 41 and connector sleeve to form a cylindrical body cavity ontology 1 by screw afterwards.Supporting element 41 connects A cylindrical body internal layer support frame 42 and cylinder volume surrounding support frame 43 being placed in a horizontal support surface, internal layer are formed afterwards The side of support frame 42 is covered with opaque and closed nylon cloth, and 42 upper surface of internal layer support frame is provided with unsaturated zone, nylon Cloth, unsaturated zone and internal layer support frame 42 form internal layer 12, and the grid cloth for heat absorption of black is covered on internal layer 12;Outer layer The surface of support frame 43 is covered with the nylon cloth of light transmission, forms outer layer 11 in nylon cloth and outer layer support frame 43, nylon cloth with Ventilation device 14 is offered on the nylon cloth of horizontal support surface contact position.
Assembled cavity ontology 1 is placed on the sufficient level land of sunlight irradiation open at one and is maintained at nature Interior, the heat of sunlight is conducted by outer layer 11 into internal layer 12, because internal layer 12 is provided with the grid cloth of black, internal layer 12 Temperature because the heat absorption of grid cloth of black can rise quickly, by adjusting the big of the ventilation device 14 being provided on outer layer 11 It is small, so that the temperature between internal layer 12 and outer layer 11 keeps moderate is in a suitable temperature to influence in internal layer 12 always Under degree, so the place space that internal layer 12 includes is thermostat layer, the space between internal layer 12 and outer layer 11 is temperature control layer.
Then start that vernalization unit 13 is arranged in the space where internal layer 12, vernalization unit 13 includes fixed border 131 Two layers of storage liquid unsaturated zone 132 for clamping the detachable of seed and stretching with being arranged in fixed border 131, will first fix Frame 131 is placed in horizontal support surface, and has been discharged by way of stacking multiple;On being placed on horizontal support surface it Between, one layer of storage liquid unsaturated zone 132 is first set in fixed border 131, storing liquid unsaturated zone 132 is to be formed by multilayer gauze layer is folded, After uniformly sowing the seed after selecting on this layer, then cover one layer of storage liquid unsaturated zone 132.
Start to be passed through the germination liquid that dissolved oxygen concentration is 10-12mg/L and above-mentioned vernalization unit is kept wet, whole process It is completed by fluid circulation system 2, fluid circulation system 2 includes the liquid storage pool 21 being located near cavity ontology 1, and liquid storage pool 21 wraps Collecting tank 23 and processing pond 24 are included, collecting tank 23 is arranged in a side of cavity ontology 1 and can collect to be slid due to gravity Liquid, and 23 slot bottom of collecting tank makes liquid freely flow to processing pond 24 in an inclined-plane.The most suitable mode of above structure It is that collecting tank 23 is arranged below horizontal support surface, so that collecting tank 22 finally contains a side and the outer layer of internal layer 12 11 side, this optimal result enables extra liquid in internal layer 12 to flow back into collecting tank 22, because of temperature liter Liquid that is high and evaporating can flow back into collecting tank 22 along 11 wall of outer layer;Water pump, water pump output are provided in processing pond 23 End is connected with transmission pipeline 22, and the transmission pipeline 22 is soft transmission pipeline.In order to enable liquid loses in flow process It is less, soft transmission pipeline is directly connect with fixed border 131, the most suitable fixed border for connecting with soft transfer tube 131 structures are the fluid holes 133 that fixed border 131 is hollow and surface is provided with, and fluid hole 133 and store 132 phase of liquid unsaturated zone Match.In order to enable collecting tank 23 can support cavity ontology 1, so filler 25 is arranged in collecting tank 23, filler 25 it is upper Surface is exactly horizontal support surface, and filler 25 includes the stalk layer that 23 bottom of collecting tank is arranged in, the sheep being laid on stalk layer Excretion nitride layer, re-lay one layer of stalk layer, then be laid with cinder layer on the stalk layer, on cinder layer be laid with one layer of quartz sand Layer.Stalk layer is for base support and can be conducive to air exchange again, also provides necessary air circulation for excretion nitride layer and makes The nutritional cost and microorganism not having in some germination liquids enter germination liquid, and cinder layer is for providing support force and ventilation and can inhale Receive the peculiar smell of excretion nitride layer.
Fluid circulation system 2 is started to work when placing completion in vernalization unit 13 when seed, the vernalization that will be mixed up Liquid is put into processing pond 24, and germination liquid is sent into fixed border 131 by pump working, into the liquid energy of fixed border 131 It flows into store through fluid hole 133 and to store liquid unsaturated zone 132 in liquid unsaturated zone 132 always in moisture state, extra liquid is certainly By be filled through object 25 flow into collecting tank 23 in reach processing pond 24 in;And part germination liquid after evaporating on outer layer 11 again It is liquefied as liquid and flows back into collecting tank 23 through the space of outer layer 11 and internal layer 12 to be then return in processing pond 24.Internal layer 12 blocks The air of temperature control layer flows into vernalization unit so different in internal layer 12 are worried to lead to liquid because of air circulation It is rapidly losing.The flowing of germination liquid also plays the effect for adjusting the temperature of internal layer 12.
Germination accelerating method is that enough sunshine duration level land at one is selected to excavate a processing pond 24 first, in processing pond 24 1 A collecting tank 22 in communication is excavated in side, and distance of the slot bottom of collecting tank 22 apart from earth's surface is by one far from processing pond 24 It holds to one end close to processing pond 24 and is gradually increased obliquely.
Then filler 25 is laid in collecting tank 22, the thickness that stalk layer is laid with, which is significantly larger than, drains nitride layer and cinder Layer, quartzy sand bed, which is used to fill collecting tank, to be on the same face with ground surface.
Then start to build cylindrical support frame 4 on quartzy sand bed, first by the connection of supporting element 41 in an internal layer support Frame 42 and outer layer support frame 43, the nylon cloth that light transmission is then covered on outer layer support frame 43 forms outer layer 11, then in internal layer Fixed border 131 is disposed in support frame 42, soft transmission pipeline of arranging is connected and fixed frame 131 and processing pond 24, in fixed edge Setting stores liquid unsaturated zone 132 in frame 131, and seed to be germinateed uniformly is sprinkled on this layer, then in one layer of storage liquid ventilation of covering Layer 132, store for two layers liquid unsaturated zone 132 by seed clamping ensure entire germination environment be it is dark, have sufficient moisture And nutrition, and there are also sufficient oxygen.
Lighttight nylon cloth is covered on the side of internal layer support frame 42, is provided with lighttight ventilation on an upper Gauze forms internal layer 12 by above-mentioned processing, the heat-sink shell 31 of black is covered on internal layer 12.
Then ventilation device 14 is opened up on the light transmission nylon cloth of outer layer 12, opens up position and is near quartzy sand bed Outer layer side on.
Promote the fast of seed by the flow of germination liquid in the air mass flow and fixed border 131 of adjusting ventilation device 14 Speed germination.The temperature of internal layer 12 is remained between 20 DEG C to 25 DEG C, the moisture content of internal layer 12 keeps the surface of the seed always It is in dampness.The germination liquid in processing pond 24 is heated up when night.
By 3-4 days, seed can reach bud ratio very.
This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, is not limitation of the present invention, those skilled in the art Member can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but as long as at this All by the protection of Patent Law in the scope of the claims of invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of germination accelerating method, which is characterized in that according to the following steps:
The sufficient level land leveling processing of sunlight irradiation open at one is found, excavates liquid storage pool (21) on the ground after leveling, Filler (25) are disposed in the liquid storage pool (21), dispose cavity ontology (1) on the filler (25);
Placement vernalization unit (13) accommodates seed among the cavity ontology (1);
It is arranged outside in the vernalization unit (13) and is protected from light layer;
Liquid in the liquid storage pool (21) is guided in the vernalization unit (13), is remained at the vernalization unit (13) In contain aforesaid liquid state;And the interior temperature of the vernalization unit (13) is kept to be between 20 DEG C -25 DEG C;It also needs described in holding Air in vernalization unit (13) is in circulation status,
Vernalization unit (13) are removed after germination;The vernalization unit (13) includes fixed border (131) and is arranged in institute At least two layers water storage unsaturated zone (132) for clamping the detachable of seed and stretching in fixed border (131) is stated, it is described solid The fluid hole (133) that deckle frame (131) is hollow and surface is provided with, the fluid hole (133) and the water storage unsaturated zone (132) Match;
The cavity ontology (1) includes support frame (4), and support frame as described above (4) includes internal layer support frame (42) and outer layer support frame (43), the side of internal layer support frame (42) is covered with opaque and closed nylon cloth, the setting of internal layer support frame (42) upper surface There is unsaturated zone, nylon cloth, unsaturated zone and internal layer support frame (42) form internal layer (12), the use of black are covered on internal layer (12) It is covered with the nylon cloth of light transmission in the surface of the grid cloth of heat absorption, outer layer support frame (43), in nylon cloth and outer layer support frame (43) outer layer (11) are formed, ventilation device (14) is offered on the nylon cloth of nylon cloth Yu horizontal support surface contact position;
The filler (25) includes being laid on the stalk layer at the liquid storage pool (21) bottom, by the stalk layer by pushing and whole Flat and sofening treatment;Then it is laid with the excretion nitride layer of sheep on the stalk layer and uniformly flattens;Again in the excreta of the sheep One layer of stalk layer is laid on layer and by pushing and flattening simultaneously sofening treatment;It is laid with cinder layer on the stalk layer again, One layer of quartzy sand bed is laid on the cinder layer again and is flattened at holding and above-mentioned level land in the same plane.
2. a kind of germination accelerating method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the liquid storage pool (21) includes collecting tank (23) With processing pond (24), collecting tank (23) setting can collect the interior liquid of landing due to gravity of the cavity ontology (1) A side of body, and the collecting tank (23) slot bottom makes liquid freely flow to the processing pond (24) in an inclined-plane.
3. a kind of germination accelerating method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided with vernalization in the liquid storage pool (21) Liquid, the dissolved oxygen concentration in the germination liquid are 10-12mg/L.
CN201610468863.0A 2016-06-25 2016-06-25 A kind of germination accelerating method Active CN106068765B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106068765B true CN106068765B (en) 2019-08-16

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155448A (en) * 2017-05-20 2017-09-15 蚌埠市金牛湾农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of germination accelerating method of rose seed

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255302A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-07 青岛华盛绿能农业科技有限公司 Dual-net dual-film shed
CN204762531U (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 榆林学院 Heat supply of big -arch shelter soil is moisturized and is irrigated water intensification cyclic utilization system
CN204762497U (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 四川农业大学 Vegetable planting warmhouse booth of area cooling function

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255302A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-07 青岛华盛绿能农业科技有限公司 Dual-net dual-film shed
CN204762531U (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 榆林学院 Heat supply of big -arch shelter soil is moisturized and is irrigated water intensification cyclic utilization system
CN204762497U (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 四川农业大学 Vegetable planting warmhouse booth of area cooling function

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