CN106044767B - A kind of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) and its processing method - Google Patents

A kind of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) and its processing method Download PDF

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CN106044767B
CN106044767B CN201610673596.0A CN201610673596A CN106044767B CN 106044767 B CN106044767 B CN 106044767B CN 201610673596 A CN201610673596 A CN 201610673596A CN 106044767 B CN106044767 B CN 106044767B
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activation
converter
carbonization
charing
tube
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CN106044767A (en
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翟世辉
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Kecharan (Xiamen) New Materials Co., Ltd.
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ZKCH Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) and its processing method, which is integrated with the drying, charing, activation of raw material in a furnace body, and production activated carbon is the Continuous maching production of self-heating.Apparatus structure of the present invention is compact to design, realizes the integration of the process of charing and activation, and device is stable, do not need extraneous heat supply can stable operation, it is energy-saving and environment-friendly, and the activated carbon processed with the device has good quality.

Description

A kind of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) and its processing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production field of activated carbon, especially a kind of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) and its processing side Method.
Background technology
Activated carbon with excellent characterization of adsorption due to being widely used in all trades and professions, it has also become must in production and living Standby, important industrial products.
The production technology of activated carbon includes mainly carbonizing and activating two steps, wherein the essence carbonized is the heat of organic matter Solution preocess, including pyrolysis and thermal polycondensation reaction, under the high temperature conditions, the elements such as hydrogen, oxygen contained in organic compound Composition be decomposed.Carbon atom is constantly cyclized, aromatisation, and the atoms such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen is as a result made constantly to reduce, and charcoal is constantly enriched with, most Become rich charcoal or pure coal substance by graphitizing process afterwards;The purpose of activation is to be carbonized using steam or chemical substance to remove The tar material and pyrolysis product in pore structure are accumulated in journey, to improve pore volume(Or surface area)And high-adsorption-capacity Finished product charcoal.The method of activation mainly uses physical activation method, and also referred to as gas activation, this process is by carbonizing production in height Warm (800-950 DEG C), passes to vapor, carbon dioxide or air and does the oxidation of selective charcoal with carbonaceous, and hole is deposited in remove The reaction product in hole.
Wooden active carbon by physical refers to using wooden material as raw material, the activated carbon produced using physical activation method, due to it Raw material and activator(Water vapour and carbon dioxide)Cleaning, product is pollution-free, enjoys great popularity at present.In the prior art, Ji Husuo Active carbon by physical production equipment be all that retort and activation furnace are provided separately, separately run.Only several documents are related to Carbonization-activation integral furnace.For example, 201240852 Y of utility model patent CN disclose one kind can continuously carbonizing, activation production The converter of physics charcoal, including the charing section converter obliquely placed and be obliquely positioned at downside and mutually concatenated with charing section converter Activation section converter, charing section converter are respectively equipped with to prevent in stove material to leak and can between being docked with activation section converter The sealed connecting component of relative rotation.The converter is that charing section and activation section form one from the appearance, actually or charing with Two reactors of activation are separately run, and it prevents that material leaks in stove and relatively turnable sealed connecting component is also easy to It is revealed after abrasion.
Patent of invention CN 102311742B disclose a kind of processing method and its work of cellulose industry biomass castoff Cellulose industry biomass material is fed drying system by process and equipment, by the height that fugitive constituent burning generates in carbonization process Warm flue gas provides heat, enables raw material drying;Dry feedstock is after gas-solid separator detaches, into carbonization reaction device part heat Solution charing by the temperature burnt in volatile matter maintenance reactor and carbonizes required heat, in obtained carbonization reaction Between product entering riser activation furnace, activated carbon is made under the action of Oxidant and activator, the temperature in activation furnace Degree is the heat that is provided by combustion parts carbonized material to maintain, and the high-temperature gas-solid product of activation, which passes through the preparation system that exchanges heat, to be needed The steam wanted.This technical process uses the continuously-running duty of complete self-heating, but the drying of raw material and carbonization process are point Not in drum dryer and(Whirlwind)It is carried out in two reactors of retort, and the activation temperature in riser reactor It is the heat that is provided by combustion parts carbonized material to maintain, to reduce the yield of activated carbon.
Utility model patent CN 201043140Y disclose a kind of self-heating carbonization-activation integral rotary furnace, by feed inlet, give up Heat boiler, the first backing ring, transmission gear ring, revolution furnace body, the second support roller, the second backing ring, insulating layer, copy plate, returns at the first support roller Converter burner, furnace internal-lining, arch in stove, gas-fired hole, steam be added pipe, air inlet hole, stove interior wall, discharge port, steam pipe holder, Furnace internal-lining support arm, motor, speed reducer are constituted.Material is to be sequentially completed charing and activation during being moved forward in furnace internal-lining, The combustible gas that charing and activation generate is in revolution burner burning, and negative direction passes through furnace internal-lining and furnace internal-lining branch to the hot gas of burning again Flue heating rotary furnace internal-lining between arm realizes cycle production run.But the disadvantage of this design structure is to carbonize rank The fuel gas that section generates, such as H2、CO、CH4, tar etc. has to pass through activation section to go out from liner, these gases cannot be made For activator, the partial pressure of activator steam can be made to reduce, reduce steam to the activation efficiency of carbonized material and activate the quality of product.
Invention content
Problem to be solved by this invention is to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art, provides a kind of carbonization-activation integral and adds Tooling is set and its processing method.The device is a kind of reciprocating device for being carried out continuously carbonization-activation integralization processing, is conducive to The stable operation of carbonization-activation process, device design is conducive to energy-saving and environmental protection, while improving the quality of activated carbon.
Carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) of the present invention is integrated with the drying, charing, activation of raw material in a stove In vivo, production activated carbon realizes the Continuous maching production of self-heating.
Charing inner tube is arranged in converter inner cavity carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) of the present invention, and charing is former Material is gradually carbonized during advancing in carbonizing inner tube, carbonizes the charing that the combustible gas released passes through charing inner tube top Combustible gas portals into the activation cavity of outer shroud, and sufficient heat is provided for activation by being mixed and burned heat release with the air of infeed Can, and heat is provided for the raw material charing in inner tube, and realize self-heating, the stable operation of charing and activation, it is energy-saving and environment-friendly.
Carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) of the present invention, air inlet pipe are mixed by 6-8 roots water vapour with air Tracheae forms, and accesses the activation cavity in carbonization-activation integral formula converter by rotary joint, wherein water vapour is from described Waste heat boiler in device uses as activator in activation cavity, priming reaction occurs;Air enters activation cavity, main The combustible gas generation combustion reaction heat release that the oxygenous volatile matter released with carbonized material of its institute and activation generate is utilized, and And the carbon dioxide carried in the carbon dioxide and air of burning generation also plays the effect of activator.6-8 roots are mixed into When the design of tracheae is due to being less than 6, it is not visibly homogeneous, carbonized material work that water vapour and air are distributed in activation cavity It is also not fine to change the bad product quality for causing to produce of effect, operational effect can be promoted by increasing radical, but then be promoted more than 8 Effect unobvious, while difficulty and operating cost are also increased in manufacture.
Carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) structure design of the present invention is compact, is arranged in converter inside center and carbonizes Stove(Carbonize inner tube), the raw material combustible gas that releases of charing is in activation inside cavity burning, the heat needed for supply activation and charing Amount improves the yield of activated carbon product, saves raw material when avoiding independent activation the problem of consumption part carbonized material Consumption and the costs such as artificial.
Carbonization-activation integral processing method of the present invention, when system operates stabilization, due to that need not add outside Portion's fuel, therefore the method increase the energy utilization efficiencies of system, and flue gas qualified discharge can be made.
In carbonization-activation integral processing method of the present invention, residence time of the charing raw material in charing inner tube is logical The rotating speed for crossing pushing spiral is controllable, residence time of the carbonized material in the activation cavity of outer shroud by the discharging speed of carbonized material and The rotating speed of converter controls, and wherein the discharging speed of carbonized material is mainly related to the rotating speed of pushing spiral, by factors above It controls to ensure the residence time of carbonization-activation and the quality of activated carbon.Specifically, the control of pushing spiral rotating speed 5 ~ 10rpm, the rotating speed control of converter are low less than the above minimum speed product yield or turn higher than the above highest in 0.3 ~ 1.0rpm The quality of speed, activated carbon product is low.
Device of the present invention and its processing method, the raw material used are not limited solely to wooden material, Qi Tahan Organic matter of carbon, such as sludge, house refuse etc. also can be used as the raw material of the present invention to produce carbonized material and activated carbon.
Concrete scheme is as follows:
A kind of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant), including the converter of carbonization-activation integral formula, feeding equipment, charing inner tube, Cooling device for discharging, gas collection chamber, secondary combustion chamber, waste heat boiler, washing cooling tower, air-introduced machine, pedestal, transmission device, Converter driving device, hot-blast stove, rotary joint and air inlet pipe;
The carbonization-activation integral formula converter has converter front end and converter rear end, the converter front end setting charging dress It sets, cooling device for discharging and gas collection chamber, the converter rear end is provided with the hot-blast stove for starting heating, and in the converter Rear end connects air inlet pipe by rotary joint, in the axially disposed charing inner tube in the center of the carbonization-activation integral formula converter, Pushing spiral is set in the charing inner tube, and the charing inner tube is extended converter rear end and fixed by sealing;
It is provided with charing combustible gas above the charing inner tube to portal, the tail portion of the charing inner tube is provided with carbonized material outlet; An activation cavity is formed between the charing inner tube and carbonization-activation integral formula converter outer barrel, charing, which occurs, in charing inner tube generates Pyrolysis gas from charing combustible gas portal into activation cavity, charing inner tube in occur charing generate carbonized material go out from carbonized material Mouth enters activation cavity, and advances along the negative direction that raw material is advanced, and priming reaction occurs in cavity activating, generates activated carbon, It is discharged after cooling device for discharging cools down;
The feeding equipment includes raw material feed bin, driving device for slow-run and pushing spiral, wherein driving device for slow-run with Pushing spiral one end is connected, and the other end of the pushing spiral is inserted into the charing inner tube, and extends to carbonized material outlet, The raw material feed bin is located above pushing spiral;
The gas collection chamber is connected with secondary combustion chamber, gas vent and the waste heat pot of the secondary combustion chamber Stove, washing cooling tower and air-introduced machine are sequentially connected;There are two transmissions for setting on the peripheral surface of the carbonization-activation integral formula converter The lower section both sides of device, the carbonization-activation integral formula converter is set there are two pedestal, and the pedestal supports transmission device, described Transmission device is in contact with converter driving device, when the converter of carbonization-activation integral formula is in rolling, pedestal and transmission device cooperation It realizes and carbonization-activation integral formula converter is carried out along its positioning axially and radially.
Further, the converter driving device is motor.
Further, the cooling device for discharging includes discharging cooling coil and the cooling rotating cylinder of discharging, wherein it is cold to discharge But coil pipe is located at the periphery of converter front end, and is connected with the cooling rotating cylinder of discharging.
Further, the air inlet pipe is mixed into tracheae with air by 6-8 roots water vapour and forms, and is connect by rotary joint Enter the activation cavity in carbonization-activation integral formula converter, and be distributed on the inner peripheral surface of carbonization-activation integral formula converter, every mixed It closes and offers osculum on the part that air inlet pipe stretches into activation cavity.
Further, the converter front end of the carbonization-activation integral formula converter is less than the converter rear end.
A kind of processing method of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant), includes the following steps:
Raw material enters carbonization-activation integral formula converter by raw material feed bin, and driving device for slow-run drives pushing spiral movement, will Raw material pushes converter rear end in charing inner tube by converter front end, and in the process of traveling carbonization reaction, production charing occur for raw material Material, carbonized material is exported by carbonized material enters activation cavity, and the combustible gas that carbonization process is released is by carbonizing the charcoal in inner tube Change combustible gas to portal into activation cavity;
Carbonized material is in activation cavity by its own gravity and the induced effect of fluid along opposite with raw material moving direction Direction is moved, the combustible gas that carbonization process is released, and is mixed in activation cavity with the air and water vapour introduced by air inlet pipe It closes and combustion reaction and heat release occurs, promote the progress of the activation process of carbonized material, while also being heated to charing inner tube, promote The progress of carbonization process;
It activates residual gas after burning in cavity and introduces gas collection chamber, it is complete that secondary combustion chamber is entered by slype Burning, generated high warm flue gas enter residual heat boiler for exchanging heat and generate water vapour, described in which is supplied by air inlet pipe Activation process, low-temperature flue gas after heat exchange is discharged into air after the cooling of washing cooling tower by air-introduced machine attraction.
Further, the pushing spiral rotating speed is 5 ~ 10rpm.
Further, the rotating speed of the carbonization-activation integral formula converter is 0.3 ~ 1.0rpm.
Advantageous effect:Carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) structure design of the present invention is compact, realize charing and The integration of the process of activation, device is stable, does not need extraneous heat supply, energy-saving and environment-friendly, and is processed with the device Obtained activated carbon has preferable quality.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the apparatus structure schematic diagram that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides.
Reference numeral lists as follows:1- carbonization-activation integral formula converters;2- raw material feed bins;3- carbonizes inner tube;4- dischargings are cold But coil pipe;The cooling rotating cylinder of 5- dischargings;6- gas collection chamber;7- secondary combustion chambers;8- waste heat boilers;9- washing cooling towers;10- draws Wind turbine;11- driving device for slow-run;12- charing combustible gases portal;13- pedestals;14- transmission devices;15- converter driving devices; 16- carbonized materials export;17- hot-blast stoves;18- rotary joints;19- air inlet pipe;20- pushing spirals.
Specific implementation mode
Technical solution of the present invention is further elaborated with reference to embodiment.Particular technique or item are not specified in embodiment Part person carries out according to technology or condition described in document in the art or according to product description.Agents useful for same or instrument Production firm person is not specified in device, and being can be with conventional products that are commercially available.
Embodiment 1
A kind of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant), as shown in Figure 1, including carbonization-activation integral formula converter(1), charging dress It sets, carbonize inner tube(3), cooling device for discharging, gas collection chamber(6), secondary combustion chamber(7), waste heat boiler(8), washing cooling Tower(9), air-introduced machine(10), pedestal(13), transmission device(14), converter driving device(15), hot-blast stove(17), rotary joint (18)And air inlet pipe(19), wherein feeding equipment includes raw material feed bin(2), driving device for slow-run(11)And pushing spiral(20), Wherein driving device for slow-run(11)With pushing spiral(20)One end is connected, the pushing spiral(20)The other end be inserted into the charcoal Change inner tube(3), and extend to carbonized material outlet(16), the raw material feed bin(2)It is located at pushing spiral(20)Top;Discharging Cooling device is by discharging cooling coil(4)With the cooling rotating cylinder of discharging(5)Composition, wherein the cooling coil that discharges(4)Before being located at converter The periphery at end, and cool down rotating cylinder with discharging(5)It is connected.
Further, the carbonization-activation integral formula converter(1)With converter front end and converter rear end, the converter front end Feeding equipment, cooling device for discharging and gas collection chamber are set(6), the converter rear end is provided with the hot-blast stove for starting heating (17), and pass through rotary joint in the converter rear end(18)Connect air inlet pipe(19), in the carbonization-activation integral formula converter (1)The axially disposed charing inner tube in center(3), the charing inner tube(3)Interior setting pushing spiral(20), the charing inner tube (3)Extend converter rear end and is fixed by sealing.
Further, the charing inner tube(3)Surface is provided with row charing combustible gas and portals(12), the charing inner tube (3)Tail portion be provided with carbonized material outlet(16);The charing inner tube(3)One is formed between carbonization-activation integral formula converter outer barrel Cavity is activated, inner tube is carbonized(3)The interior pyrolysis gas that charing generation occurs portals from charing combustible gas(12)Into activation cavity, charcoal Change inner tube(3)The interior carbonized material that charing generation occurs is exported from carbonized material(16)Into activation cavity, and along the anti-of raw material traveling Direction is advanced, and priming reaction occurs in activation cavity, generates activated carbon, is discharged after cooling device for discharging cools down.
Further, the carbonization-activation integral formula converter(1)Converter front end be less than the converter rear end, carbonization-activation Integral type converter(1)In rotation process, under the effect of gravity, activate cavity in priming reaction solid material can from converter rear end to It moves converter front end;At the same time, in air-introduced machine(10)Indirectly-acting under, activate cavity in gas from converter rear end to turn Stokehold end is moved, and the movement of priming reaction solid material can be also driven.
Further, the gas collection chamber(6)With secondary combustion chamber(7)It is connected, the secondary combustion chamber(7)'s Gas vent and waste heat boiler(8), washing cooling tower(9)And air-introduced machine(10)It is sequentially connected.
Further, the carbonization-activation integral formula converter(1)Peripheral surface on setting there are two transmission device(14), institute State carbonization-activation integral formula converter(1)Lower section both sides be equipped with pedestal(13), the pedestal(3)Support transmission device(14), The transmission device(14)With converter driving device(15)It is in contact, the converter driving device is motor, works as carbonization-activation Integral type converter(1)In rolling, pedestal(3)And transmission device(14)Cooperation is realized to carbonization-activation integral formula converter(1)Into Row is along its positioning axially and radially.
Further, the air inlet pipe(19)Tracheae is mixed into air to form, connect by rotation by 6-8 roots water vapour Head(18)The activation cavity in carbonization-activation integral formula converter is accessed, and is distributed in carbonization-activation integral formula converter(1)Inner circumferential On face, every be mixed into tracheae stretch into activation cavity in part on offer osculum(It is not shown), to increase water vapour and sky Gas diffusion velocity.
The device passes through hot-blast stove(17)Start heating, the effect of hot-blast stove is to pass through outside of burning when device starts The energy, such as biological particles make charing inner tube and activation cavity be heated to 500 DEG C or so by room temperature, it is small to take about 2 When, the combustible component that at this time raw material charing releases can connect burning, stop supply external fuel, and system starts self-heating fortune Row.At this point, by raw material by raw material feed bin(2)Into carbonization-activation integral formula converter(1), driving device for slow-run(11)Drive pusher Spiral(20)Movement, the control of pushing spiral rotating speed is in 5 ~ 10rpm, by raw material in charing inner tube(3)It is interior to push to turn by converter front end Stove rear end, raw material occur carbonization reaction in the process of traveling, produce carbonized material, and carbonized material is exported by carbonized material(16)Into activation Cavity, the combustible gas that carbonization process is released are portalled by carbonizing the charing combustible gas in inner tube(12)Into activation cavity. The rotating speed control of converter in 0.3 ~ 1.0rpm, carbonized material in activation cavity by its own gravity and the induced effect of fluid along with The opposite direction movement of raw material moving direction, the combustible gas that carbonization process is released, and by air inlet pipe(19)The water of introducing steams Combustion reaction and heat release occur for the mixing in activation cavity of vapour and air, promote the progress of the activation process of carbonized material, while To carbonizing inner tube(3)It is heated, promotes the progress of carbonization process.
It activates residual gas after burning in cavity and introduces gas collection chamber(6), secondary combustion chamber is entered by slype (7)Completely burned, generated high warm flue gas enter waste heat boiler(8)Heat exchange generates water vapour, which passes through air inlet Pipe(19)The supply activation process, the low-temperature flue gas after heat exchange is through washing cooling tower(9)By air-introduced machine after cooling(10)It inhales Ejectment enters air.
Package unit structure design is compact, realizes the integration of the process of charing and activation, device is in the process of running It is more stable, extraneous heat supply is not needed, it is energy-saving and environment-friendly, and there are preferable product with the activated carbon that the device is processed Matter.
Device of the present invention, the raw material used are not limited solely to wooden material, other carbon containing organic matters, example Such as sludge, house refuse also can be used as the raw material of the present invention to produce carbonized material and activated carbon.
Embodiment 2
Embodiment 1 is only exemplary, those skilled in the art it will be appreciated that cooling device can also be other structures, As water-cooling jacket and cooling rotating cylinder form;Charing combustible gas portals(12)Position can also charing inner tube(3)Upper side It is uniformly distributed, rather than carbonizes inner tube(3)Surface is arranged in a line, and charing combustible gas portals(12)Effect be to allow charcoal The combustible gas that change process is released discharges into activation cavity.
Although the embodiments of the present invention has been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is not considered as limiting the invention, those skilled in the art are not departing from the principle of the present invention and objective In the case of can make changes, modifications, alterations, and variations to the above described embodiments within the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant), it is characterised in that:Including the converter of carbonization-activation integral formula, feeding equipment, Carbonize inner tube, cooling device for discharging, gas collection chamber, secondary combustion chamber, waste heat boiler, washing cooling tower, air-introduced machine, pedestal, Transmission device, converter driving device, hot-blast stove, rotary joint and air inlet pipe;
There is converter front end and converter rear end, the converter front end setting feeding equipment to go out for the carbonization-activation integral formula converter Expect that cooling device and gas collection chamber, the converter rear end are provided with the hot-blast stove for starting heating, and in the converter rear end Air inlet pipe is connected by rotary joint, the air inlet pipe is mixed into tracheae with air by 6-8 roots water vapour and forms, and passes through rotation Connector accesses the activation cavity in carbonization-activation integral formula converter, and is distributed on the inner peripheral surface of carbonization-activation integral formula converter, Every be mixed into tracheae stretch into activation cavity in part on offer osculum;At the center of the carbonization-activation integral formula converter Axially disposed charing inner tube, the charing inner tube is interior to be arranged pushing spiral, and the charing inner tube extends converter rear end and quilt Sealing is fixed;It is provided with charing combustible gas above the charing inner tube to portal, the tail portion of the charing inner tube is provided with carbonized material outlet; An activation cavity is formed between the charing inner tube and carbonization-activation integral formula converter outer barrel, charing, which occurs, in charing inner tube generates Pyrolysis gas from charing combustible gas portal into activation cavity, charing inner tube in occur charing generate carbonized material go out from carbonized material Mouth enters activation cavity, and advances along the negative direction that raw material is advanced, and priming reaction occurs in cavity activating, generates activated carbon, It is discharged after cooling device for discharging cools down;
The feeding equipment includes raw material feed bin, driving device for slow-run and pushing spiral, wherein driving device for slow-run and pusher Spiral one end is connected, and the other end of the pushing spiral is inserted into the charing inner tube, and extends to carbonized material outlet, described Raw material feed bin is located above pushing spiral;
The gas collection chamber is connected with secondary combustion chamber, gas vent and waste heat boiler, the water of the secondary combustion chamber It washes cooling tower and air-introduced machine is sequentially connected;Transmission device there are two settings on the peripheral surface of the carbonization-activation integral formula converter, The lower section both sides of the carbonization-activation integral formula converter is set there are two pedestal, and the pedestal supports transmission device, the transmission Device is in contact with converter driving device, and when the converter of carbonization-activation integral formula is in rolling, pedestal and transmission device cooperation are realized Carbonization-activation integral formula converter is carried out along its positioning axially and radially.
2. carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The converter driving device For motor.
3. carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cooling device for discharging Including discharging cooling coil and the cooling rotating cylinder of discharging, wherein discharging cooling coil is located at the periphery of converter front end, and it is cold with discharging But rotating cylinder is connected.
4. carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The carbonization-activation integral formula The converter front end of converter is less than the converter rear end.
5. a kind of processing method using the carbonization-activation integral processing unit (plant) described in any one of Claims 1-4 4, It is characterized in that:Include the following steps:
Raw material enters carbonization-activation integral formula converter by raw material feed bin, and driving device for slow-run drives pushing spiral movement, by raw material Converter rear end is pushed to by converter front end in charing inner tube, raw material occurs carbonization reaction in the process of traveling, produces carbonized material, charcoal Material is exported by carbonized material enters activation cavity, and the combustible gas that carbonization process is released is flammable by carbonizing the charing in inner tube Gas portals into activation cavity;
Carbonized material is in activation cavity by its own gravity and the induced effect of fluid along the direction opposite with raw material moving direction Mobile, the combustible gas that carbonization process is released mixes hair with the air and water vapour introduced by air inlet pipe in activation cavity Raw combustion reaction and heat release promote the progress of the activation process of carbonized material, while also being heated to charing inner tube, promote charing The progress of process;
It activates residual gas after burning in cavity and introduces gas collection chamber, secondary combustion chamber is entered by slype and is fired completely It burns, generated high warm flue gas enters residual heat boiler for exchanging heat and generate water vapour, and the water vapour is described by air inlet pipe supply Activation process, the low-temperature flue gas after heat exchange are discharged into air after the cooling of washing cooling tower by air-introduced machine attraction.
6. processing method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The pushing spiral rotating speed is 5~10rpm.
7. processing method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The rotating speed of the carbonization-activation integral formula converter is 0.3~1.0rpm.
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CN110819363A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-21 东南大学 Multi-cavity series self-heating external heating converter biomass carbonization-activation device and method
CN110655078B (en) * 2019-11-14 2021-03-02 合肥工业大学 Integrative stove of dry process continuous preparation active carbon

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CN205419790U (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-08-03 江苏优华达环保材料科技有限公司 Heat energy circulation system of charcoal activation converter
CN205892761U (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-01-18 厦门中科城环新能源有限公司 Carbomorphism activation integration processingequipment

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