CN105926936A - Fabricated section-adjustable formwork system for square stiff pillars and construction method of fabricated section-adjustable formwork system - Google Patents

Fabricated section-adjustable formwork system for square stiff pillars and construction method of fabricated section-adjustable formwork system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105926936A
CN105926936A CN201610412708.7A CN201610412708A CN105926936A CN 105926936 A CN105926936 A CN 105926936A CN 201610412708 A CN201610412708 A CN 201610412708A CN 105926936 A CN105926936 A CN 105926936A
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China
Prior art keywords
template
square
steel
keeper
variable area
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CN201610412708.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105926936B (en
Inventor
刘文伍
黎杨生
王瑞
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中国建筑第五工程局有限公司
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Publication of CN105926936A publication Critical patent/CN105926936A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G13/00Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills
    • E04G13/02Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor
    • E04G13/023Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor with means for modifying the sectional dimensions
    • E04G13/025Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor with means for modifying the sectional dimensions with stiff clamping means bracing the back-side of the form without penetrating the forming surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G13/00Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills
    • E04G13/02Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor
    • E04G13/023Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor with means for modifying the sectional dimensions
    • E04G13/025Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor with means for modifying the sectional dimensions with stiff clamping means bracing the back-side of the form without penetrating the forming surface
    • E04G13/026Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor with means for modifying the sectional dimensions with stiff clamping means bracing the back-side of the form without penetrating the forming surface the forming surface-element being the same for different sections of the column

Abstract

The invention relates to a fabricated section-adjustable formwork system for square stiff pillars. The fabricated section-adjustable formwork system is of a rectangular structure formed by four surface formworks. Every two surface formworks are connected with each other through angle-steel positioning members. A plurality of evenly distributed rectangular grooves are formed in each angle-steel positioning member vertically. A plurality of limiting cross beams are arranged on the outer surfaces of the surface formworks. Two ends of each limiting cross beam are located in the corresponding rectangular grooves, and are vertically connected with the corresponding limiting cross beams on the adjacent surface formwork. Each surface formwork is formed by connection of a plurality of standard unit formworks and a non-standard unit formwork. Each limiting cross beam is formed by inserted connection of outer square steel and inner square steel, and the length of each limiting cross beam is adjusted according to the width of the corresponding surface formwork. The formwork system has the advantages that during turnover, damage degree is low, construction speed is high, auxiliary measures are few, and requirements on operation levels of operators are low; the formwork system is applicable to construction requirements of section changes of the square stiff pillars, is environment friendly and has high economic and social benefits.

Description

Square stiffened column assembled variable area template system and construction method thereof

Technical field

The invention relates to a kind of square stiffened column assembled variable area template system and construction method thereof, belongs to building field.

Background technology

It is known that, the formwork reinforcement system of the square stiffened column of concrete at present, mainly use panel (wood, plywood, plastic plate etc.)+shaped steel or wood a tree, used in making timber for boats time stupefied+shaped steel master stupefied+reinforcing mode, generally this type of method such as connector (split bolt, chevron card, nut etc.), steel form+shaped steel Os Draconis+connector, steel and wood composite template+shaped steel Os Draconis+connector by artificial dissipate to spell be assembled into the formwork reinforcement system of the square stiffened column of concrete.

The shortcoming of this type of concrete square stiffened column formwork reinforcement system is that operation is relatively complicated, and assembled, reinforcing and form removal system workload are bigger, and recruitment is many and the longest;Template stiffness by itself is little, and quick-fried mould, swollen mould phenomenon easily occur;Screw arbor with nut at both-ends cannot have enough to meet the need use, wastes material in a large number;The deadweight of shaped steel Os Draconis is excessive, and a dead lift is the most inconvenient;Component and fitting quantity is many, and spillage of material is big;Steel form is suitable for ability, it is impossible to adapt to concrete square stiffened column cross section reducing situation.

Summary of the invention

The invention to solve the technical problem that and to be to provide a kind of square stiffened column assembled variable area template system, this template system damaged condition during turnover uses is low, speed of application is fast, ancillary method is few, relatively low to the operation level requirement of operating personnel, being suitable for the construction requirement of square stiffened column changes of section, energy-conserving and environment-protective have preferable economic benefit and social benefit simultaneously.

For solving problem above, the concrete technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a kind of square stiffened column assembled variable area template system, the rectangular configuration being made up of four face die plates, connected by angle steel keeper between each two face die plate, the vertical direction of angle steel keeper is provided with several equally distributed rectangular channels, outer surface at face die plate is provided with several spacing crossbeams, and the two ends of spacing crossbeam are seated in rectangular channel respectively, and the spacing beam vertical corresponding with in adjacent surface template connects;Wherein face die plate is connected with each other is formed by several standard block templates and one piece of non-standard unit template;Spacing crossbeam is made up of outer square steel and interior square steel grafting, is respectively equipped with hole, location, and the length of the spacing crossbeam of width adjusting according to face die plate outside, and uses bolt to be positioned in the outer square steel of correspondence and the hole, location of interior square steel simultaneously on square steel and interior square steel.

The standard block template of the face die plate end that described each two is adjacent is connected with angle steel keeper jointly, and two adjacent outer square steel vertically connect through rectangular channel at angle steel keeper intracavity;The non-standard unit template of the face die plate end that each two is adjacent connects the end face of an angle steel keeper respectively, and two the angle steel keeper w profiles at non-standard unit template of four face die plates after assembling connect;Two adjacent interior square steel pass the rectangular channel connection of angle steel keeper.

The end face of described interior square steel is inclined-plane, and two adjacent interior square steel are involutory through the arm of angle of corresponding angle steel keeper and inclined-plane, and each interior square steel inclined-plane is provided with connector, two involutory connections of connector.

Use assembled variable area template system to carry out the construction method of square stiffened column, comprise the following steps:

1) overall width of design template: the length of template is designed according to the design width of square stiffened column to be done, known standard block template width is A, non-standard unit template width is B, the angle steel width of the angle steel keeper of composition W-shape is C, the length of side of square stiffened column is L=N × A+B+C, N is natural number, as long as regulation natural number N and the different value of the non-standard template length B of imparting, i.e. can get the length of square stiffened column or the concrete numerical value of width;

2) L-type assembled variable area template assemblies: the standard block template set and non-standard unit template are assembled to each other and form board-like face die plate, then any two groups of face die plates are connected by the keeper of square, form L structure, outer surface at face die plate arranges the spacing crossbeam that several are parallel again, after the rectangular channel of the keeper that the outer square steel of spacing crossbeam passes square, two outer square steel connecting portions of correspondence position arrange Plate Welding sealing;The interior square steel end of spacing crossbeam is landed in the rectangular channel that non-standard unit template connects keeper, and interior square steel scarf weld connecting connector, through the rectangular channel of square keeper, i.e. completes the assembling of L-type assembled variable area template;

3) square stiffened column assembled variable area gang form overall package: assemble two L-type assembled variable area templates are maneuvered into site operation position and position, and by involutory for two L-type assembled variable area templates, two non-standard unit templates connect keeper and form W-shape, the connector arranged on two interior square steel inclined-planes is involutory and with bolts;

4) measuring for verticality of gang form: the middle part of spacing crossbeam is fixedly installed Magnet on top, by magnetic-adsorption verticality detector on Magnet, directly detects the perpendicularity of each template, it is ensured that installation site vertically and uses diagonal brace to reinforce;

5) gang form reinforcement system installation, just can casting concrete;Gang form is removed after reaching form removal condition by concrete, first remove fixed support, then remove the bolt on connector, utilize tower crane by the allocation and transportation of L-type assembled variable area template to on-the-spot processing district, according to rectangular column size, template is reconfigured, it is achieved recycling.

Described verticality detector structure is, a vertical steel pipe main joist is provided with several parallel T-shaped pipe joints, and the axis of every T-shaped pipe joint at grade, and is provided with the deviation graduation mark of same linear position on the tube wall of T-shaped pipe joint;Being provided with fishing line on the deviation graduation mark of the T-shaped pipe joint on top, fishing line is connected with messenger wire pendant after extending to the T-shaped pipe joint of lower end.

This square stiffened column assembled variable area template system uses the compound mode of face die plate and spacing crossbeam, in use solves the drawback of conventional support system, installs, dismantles flexibly and easily, labor and material saving.For other formwork reinforcement systems, owing to turnover use process is at a fairly low to template system damaged condition, greatly reduce the input amount of the turnovers such as template, primary and secondary be stupefied, it is not necessary to use wood a tree, used in making timber for boats, energy-conserving and environment-protective, people, material, machine comprehensive cost can save 40%~50%.Speed of application is fast, ancillary method is few, relatively low to the operation level of relative of operating personnel, the square stiffened column demand of various sectional dimension can be effectively suitable for by regulating spacing crossbeam length, also ensure that good entity quality simultaneously, square stiffened column can carry out facing decoration without plastering, and has significant economic benefit and social benefit.The invention has wide market development prospect, preferable economic benefit and social benefit.

Angle steel keeper uses two kinds of frame modes, a kind of cross section is square, it is easy to the assembling location of L-type template, another kind of structure be section be the W type of two squares compositions, between two square angle steel, docking is spelled tight, and fit connection is attached by bolt, realize the characteristic that installing/dismounting is flexible further.

Assembled variable area template system is used to carry out the construction method of square stiffened column based on assembled variable area modular unit, main stupefied and compound mode are innovated, unit is connected all employing angle steel or bolt and connects with unit, template assembly is changed into assembled by dissipating spelling formula, thus it is suitable for the construction requirement of job site square stiffened column changes of section, strengthen template system integral rigidity, improve model sheetinstallat speed, diagonal brace is used to strengthen template system stability, diagonal brace can be finely adjusted check to template system perpendicularity simultaneously, ensure that concrete frame trestle Forming Quality.

Further autonomous innovation sets the structure of Portable vertical degree detector, and not only it is easy and simple to handle and precision is high, saves square stiffened column template correction time, ensures model sheetinstallat quality simultaneously.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is square stiffened column assembled variable area template system axonometric chart.

Fig. 2 is the top view of square stiffened column assembled variable area template system.

Fig. 3 is the axonometric chart of L-type assembled variable area template assemblies.

Fig. 4 is the structural scheme of mechanism of Portable vertical degree detector.

Detailed description of the invention

As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of square stiffened column assembled variable area template system, the rectangular configuration being made up of four face die plates 1, connected by angle steel keeper 2 between each two face die plate 1, the vertical direction of angle steel keeper 2 is provided with several equally distributed rectangular channels, outer surface at face die plate 1 is provided with several spacing crossbeams 3, and the two ends of spacing crossbeam 3 are seated in rectangular channel respectively, and the spacing crossbeam 3 corresponding with in adjacent surface template 1 is vertical to be connected;Wherein face die plate 1 is connected with each other is formed by several standard block templates and one piece of non-standard unit template, and standard form is made up of with template angle steel, corner brace with non-standard template, and periphery is with frame edge sealing with holes, it is simple to two unit templates are connected with each other;Spacing crossbeam 3 is made up of outer square steel 31 and interior square steel 32 grafting, it is respectively equipped with hole, location outside on square steel 31 and interior square steel 32, and the length of the spacing crossbeam of width adjusting 3 according to face die plate 1, and use bolt to be positioned in the outer square steel 31 of correspondence and the hole, location of interior square steel 32 simultaneously.

The standard block template of face die plate 1 end that described each two is adjacent is connected with angle steel keeper 2 jointly, and two adjacent outer square steel 31 vertically connect through rectangular channel at angle steel keeper 2 intracavity;The non-standard unit template of face die plate 1 end that each two is adjacent connects the end face of an angle steel keeper 2 respectively, and two angle steel keeper 2 w profiles at non-standard unit template of four face die plates 1 after assembling connect;Two adjacent interior square steel 32 pass the rectangular channel connection of angle steel keeper 2.

The end face of described interior square steel 32 is inclined-plane, and two adjacent interior square steel 32 are involutory through the arm of angle of corresponding angle steel keeper 2 and inclined-plane, and each interior square steel 32 inclined-plane is provided with connector 4, two involutory connections of connector.

Use assembled variable area template system to carry out the construction method of square stiffened column, comprise the following steps:

1) overall width of design template: the length of template is designed according to the design width of square stiffened column to be done, known standard block template width is A, non-standard unit template width is B, the angle steel width of the angle steel keeper 2 of composition W-shape is C, the length of side of square stiffened column is L=N × A+B+C, N is natural number, if regulation natural number N and the different value of the non-standard template length B of imparting, i.e. can get the length of square stiffened column or the concrete numerical value of width, when the value that adjacent two face die plates 1 give non-standard template length B is unequal, the cross section of stiffened column is rectangle;

2) L-type assembled variable area template assemblies: the unit template set is assembled to each other and forms board-like face die plate 1, after, any two groups of face die plates 1 are connected by the keeper 2 of square, form L structure, then the outer surface in board-like template arranges the spacing crossbeam 3 that several are parallel, after the rectangular channel of the keeper 2 that the outer square steel 31 of spacing crossbeam 3 passes square, two outer square steel 31 connecting portions of correspondence position arrange Plate Welding sealing;The interior square steel 32 end welded connections 4 of spacing crossbeam 3, through the rectangular channel of square keeper 2, forms a L-type assembled variable area template;

3) square stiffened column assembled variable area gang form overall package: assemble two L-type assembled variable area templates are maneuvered into site operation position and position, and two L-type assembled variable area templates are combined to form the keeper 2 of W type, with bolts at two connector 4 apposition positions;

4) measuring for verticality of gang form: the middle part of spacing crossbeam 3 is fixedly installed Magnet 10 on top, by magnetic-adsorption Portable vertical degree detector 11 on Magnet 10, directly detect the perpendicularity in each template face, ensure that installation site is vertical and uses diagonal brace 20 to reinforce, diagonal brace 20 is arranged over U-type groove mouth, coordinate with a spacing crossbeam 3, and be fixed by the bolt run through;

5) gang form reinforcement system i.e. installation, just can casting concrete;Gang form is removed after reaching form removal condition by concrete, first remove fixed support, then remove the bolt on connector 4, utilize tower crane by the allocation and transportation of L-type assembled variable area template to on-the-spot processing district, according to rectangular column size, template is reconfigured, it is achieved recycling.

As shown in Figure 4, described Portable vertical degree detector 11 structure is, a piece vertical steel pipe main joist 12 is provided with several parallel T-shaped pipe joints 13, the axis of every T-shaped pipe joint 13 at grade, and is provided with the deviation graduation mark 14 of same linear position on the tube wall of T-shaped pipe joint 13;The deviation graduation mark 14 of the T-shaped pipe joint 13 on top is provided with fishing line 15, fishing line 15 is connected with messenger wire pendant 16 after extending to the T-shaped pipe joint 13 of lower end, when face die plate 1 is in plumbness, overlap with the deviation graduation mark 14 of T-shaped pipe joint 13 after then fishing line 5 is sagging, thus improve the efficiency of measuring surface mold plate verticality.

Claims (5)

1. a square stiffened column assembled variable area template system, it is characterized in that: the rectangular configuration being made up of four face die plates (1), connected by angle steel keeper (2) between each two face die plate (1), the vertical direction of angle steel keeper (2) is provided with several equally distributed rectangular channels, outer surface at face die plate (1) is provided with several spacing crossbeams (3), the two ends of spacing crossbeam (3) are seated in rectangular channel respectively, and corresponding spacing crossbeam (3) upper with adjacent surface template (1) is vertical to be connected;Wherein face die plate (1) is connected with each other is formed by several standard block templates and one piece of non-standard unit template;Spacing crossbeam (3) is made up of outer square steel (31) and interior square steel (32) grafting, it is respectively equipped with hole, location outside on square steel (31) and interior square steel (32), and the length of the spacing crossbeam of the width adjusting (3) according to face die plate (1), and use bolt to be positioned in the outer square steel (31) of correspondence and the hole, location of interior square steel (32) simultaneously.
Square stiffened column assembled variable area template system the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the standard block template of face die plate (1) end that described each two is adjacent is connected with angle steel keeper (2) jointly, two adjacent outer square steel (31) vertically connect through rectangular channel at angle steel keeper (2) intracavity;The non-standard unit template of face die plate (1) end that each two is adjacent connects the end face of an angle steel keeper (2) respectively, and two angle steel keeper (2) w profiles at non-standard unit template of four face die plates (1) after assembling connect;Two adjacent interior square steel (32) pass the rectangular channel connection of angle steel keeper (2).
Square stiffened column assembled variable area template system the most as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: the end face of described interior square steel (32) is inclined-plane, two adjacent interior square steel (32) are involutory through the arm of angle of corresponding angle steel keeper (2) and inclined-plane, each interior square steel (32) inclined-plane is provided with connector (4), two involutory connections of connector.
4. use the assembled variable area template system shown in claim 3 to carry out the construction method of square stiffened column, it is characterised in that to comprise the following steps:
1) overall width of design template: the length of template is designed according to the design width of square stiffened column to be done, known standard block template width is A, non-standard unit template width is B, the angle steel width of the angle steel keeper (2) of composition W-shape is C, the length of side of square stiffened column is L=N × A+B+C, N is natural number, as long as regulation natural number N and the different value of the non-standard template length B of imparting, i.e. can get the length of square stiffened column or the concrete numerical value of width;
2) L-type assembled variable area template assemblies: the standard block template set and non-standard unit template are assembled to each other and form board-like face die plate (1), then any two groups of face die plates (1) are connected by the keeper (2) of square, form L structure, outer surface at face die plate (1) arranges the spacing crossbeam (3) that several are parallel again, after the rectangular channel of the keeper (2) that the outer square steel (31) of spacing crossbeam (3) passes square, two outer square steel (31) connecting portions of correspondence position arrange Plate Welding sealing;Interior square steel (32) end of spacing crossbeam (3) is landed in the rectangular channel that non-standard unit template connects keeper (2), interior square steel (32) scarf weld connecting connector (4), through the rectangular channel of square keeper (2), i.e. complete the assembling of L-type assembled variable area template;
3) square stiffened column assembled variable area gang form overall package: assemble two L-type assembled variable area templates are maneuvered into site operation position and position, and by involutory for two L-type assembled variable area templates, two non-standard unit templates connect keeper (2) and form W-shape, the connector (4) arranged on two interior square steel (32) inclined-planes is involutory and with bolts;
4) measuring for verticality of gang form: the middle part of spacing crossbeam (3) is fixedly installed Magnet (10) on top, by magnetic-adsorption verticality detector (11) on Magnet (10), directly detect the perpendicularity of each template, it is ensured that installation site vertically and uses diagonal brace (20) to reinforce;
5) gang form reinforcement system installation, just can casting concrete;Gang form is removed after reaching form removal condition by concrete, first remove fixed support, then remove the bolt on connector (4), utilize tower crane by the allocation and transportation of L-type assembled variable area template to on-the-spot processing district, according to rectangular column size, template is reconfigured, it is achieved recycling.
5. assembled variable area template system as claimed in claim 4 carries out the construction method of square stiffened column, it is characterized in that: described verticality detector (11) structure is, a piece vertical steel pipe main joist (12) is provided with several parallel T-shaped pipe joints (13), the axis of every T-shaped pipe joint (13) at grade, and is provided with the deviation graduation mark (14) of same linear position on the tube wall of T-shaped pipe joint (13);Being provided with fishing line (15) on the deviation graduation mark (14) of the T-shaped pipe joint (13) on top, fishing line (15) extends to the T-shaped pipe joint (13) of lower end and is connected with messenger wire pendant (16) afterwards.
CN201610412708.7A 2016-06-14 2016-06-14 Rectangular stiffened column assembled variable area template system and its construction method CN105926936B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106150085A (en) * 2015-04-07 2016-11-23 五冶集团上海有限公司 A kind of stiffened column Formwork Installation Method
CN107939042A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-04-20 中匠华湄模板制造有限公司 A kind of construction method of nothing to the adjustable post template concrete of drawing
CN109403625A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-03-01 东莞市皓奇企业管理服务有限公司 Build the application method of concrete column combination template
CN109403626A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-03-01 东莞市皓奇企业管理服务有限公司 Build the application method of removable concrete column template
CN109514707A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-03-26 怀化市建新建材有限公司 A kind of steel form convenient for assembly and disassembly
WO2019207345A1 (en) * 2018-04-26 2019-10-31 Alejandro Cortina Cordero Variable crosssectional formwork for buiding an annular concrete tower

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CN2232955Y (en) * 1994-12-27 1996-08-14 中国建筑第一工程局构件厂 Pillar formwork with adjustable section
CN2607414Y (en) * 2002-08-08 2004-03-24 吴树本 Columnar form round brace summer
CN202100001U (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-01-04 广州市景龙金属制品有限公司 Independent column system with aluminum alloy templates
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106150085A (en) * 2015-04-07 2016-11-23 五冶集团上海有限公司 A kind of stiffened column Formwork Installation Method
CN106150085B (en) * 2015-04-07 2018-07-13 五冶集团上海有限公司 A kind of stiffened column Formwork Installation Method
CN107939042A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-04-20 中匠华湄模板制造有限公司 A kind of construction method of nothing to the adjustable post template concrete of drawing
WO2019207345A1 (en) * 2018-04-26 2019-10-31 Alejandro Cortina Cordero Variable crosssectional formwork for buiding an annular concrete tower
CN109403625A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-03-01 东莞市皓奇企业管理服务有限公司 Build the application method of concrete column combination template
CN109403626A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-03-01 东莞市皓奇企业管理服务有限公司 Build the application method of removable concrete column template
CN109514707A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-03-26 怀化市建新建材有限公司 A kind of steel form convenient for assembly and disassembly

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