CN105914999A - Electromagnet and built-in permanent magnet mixed excitation generating set with vacuum pump - Google Patents

Electromagnet and built-in permanent magnet mixed excitation generating set with vacuum pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105914999A
CN105914999A CN201610314105.3A CN201610314105A CN105914999A CN 105914999 A CN105914999 A CN 105914999A CN 201610314105 A CN201610314105 A CN 201610314105A CN 105914999 A CN105914999 A CN 105914999A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
inverted
rotor
magnet steel
pole
shape
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610314105.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张学义
刘国强
张羽丰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong University of Technology
Original Assignee
Shandong University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University of Technology filed Critical Shandong University of Technology
Priority to CN201610314105.3A priority Critical patent/CN105914999A/en
Publication of CN105914999A publication Critical patent/CN105914999A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/24Rotor cores with salient poles ; Variable reluctance rotors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/27Rotor cores with permanent magnets
    • H02K1/2706Inner rotor
    • H02K1/272Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential
    • H02K1/274Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential consisting of a plurality of circumferentially positioned magnets
    • H02K1/2753Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential consisting of a plurality of circumferentially positioned magnets consisting of magnets or groups of magnets arranged with alternating polarity
    • H02K1/276Magnets embedded in the magnetic core
    • H02K1/2766Magnets embedded in the magnetic core having a flux concentration effect
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/02Details
    • H02K21/04Windings on magnets for additional excitation ; Windings and magnets for additional excitation
    • H02K21/042Windings on magnets for additional excitation ; Windings and magnets for additional excitation with permanent magnets and field winding both rotating
    • H02K21/044Rotor of the claw pole type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/12Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets
    • H02K21/14Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating within the armatures

Abstract

The invention provides an electromagnet and built-in permanent magnet mixed excitation generating set with a vacuum pump, belonging to the automobile motor electric appliance technical field, and comprises a vacuum pump, a front end cover, a rear end cover, a mixed excitation rotor and a stator; rectangular permanent magnet steels are respectively installed in a first rectangular notch and a second rectangular notch on T-shaped salient poles; electro-magnetic coils wind the T-shaped salient poles; a generated magnetic field directly faces air gaps and leakage flux is less; the magnetic field in generator air gaps is jointly provided by the permanent magnet steels and the electro-magnetic coils, has high magnetic field intensity and power intensity, and can provide electric energy for automobile electric equipment and also provide vacuum power-assisted energy for a brake system.

Description

Electromagnetism with vacuum pump and built-in permanent magnetism mixing excitation TRT
Technical field
The present invention provides the electromagnetism of a kind of band vacuum pump and built-in permanent magnetism mixing excitation TRT, belongs to electric motor of automobile electricity Device technical field.
Background technology
Auto industry is the mark of modern industry, is the leading industry of the national economic development, in industrial and agricultural production, traffic fortune Defeated and human being's production life various aspects all play indispensable effect, the electromotor that current and automobile accessories use, Generally there is the phenomenon that output voltage is unstable, it is impossible to meet user and use requirement.Such as Chinese patent publication August calendar year 2001 8 Day bulletin patent of invention: voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator, application number: 00 1 12053.0, by casing, support, line shaft, rotor, Permanent magnetic steel, stator, stator winding, stator seat, stator slip cap, balancing spring, anti-rotational attachment screw, sliding shoe, regulation Rotating shaft, location bearing, the regulation composition such as rotating shaft drive mechanism and automatic feedback control circuit, power rotation axis is by location bearing Being fixed on support, rotor is fixed on power rotation axis, and one end of stator slip cap is fixed on support, on stator slip cap Having groove vertically, balancing spring is arranged in stator slip cap, and one end of this spring is hindered by the end face of stator slip cap Gear, other end pushing and withstanding is placed in the sliding shoe in stator slip cap, by through slip cap groove between this sliding shoe and stator seat Anti-rotational attachment screw is fixing to be connected, and this sliding shoe center is that screw thread is flexibly connected with one end of regulation rotating shaft, automatic feedback control The detection signal input part of circuit processed is connected to stator winding outfan, and the control signal outfan of this circuit is connected to drive mechanism Controlled terminal.This voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator structure is complicated, and cost is high, and its serviceability needs further improvement.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one and can overcome drawbacks described above, compact conformation, easy for installation, take up space little, both The electrical equipment that can give automobile provides electric energy, can provide again the electromagnetism of the band vacuum pump of vacuum servo energy for brake system With built-in permanent magnetism mixing excitation TRT, its technology contents is:
Electromagnetism with vacuum pump is turned by vacuum pump, drive end bearing bracket, rear end cap, composite excitation with built-in permanent magnetism mixing excitation TRT Son, stator composition, it is characterised in that: vacuum pump is bolted on hybrid excitation generating apparatus rear end cap, composite excitation Rotor is made up of salient pole electromagnetic rotor and built-in p-m rotor;
Built-in p-m rotor is made up of axle, the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel, the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel, rotor core, on rotor core all Being furnished with even number T font salient pole, the outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference, all T words The inner side of type salient pole lateral part is straight line and tangent with same circumference, in the inside of each T font salient pole lateral part Between be provided with the first inverted "eight" shape groove running through rotor core thickness and being formed by two the first rectangular channels, by two at the outer end It is provided with in the middle of the outer end of the first inverted "eight" shape groove that individual first rectangular channel is formed and runs through rotor core thickness and by two second The second inverted "eight" shape groove that rectangular channel is formed, forms outer end and the T word of two the first rectangular channels of the first inverted "eight" shape groove The external arc of type salient pole lateral part does not connects, between the inner of two the first rectangular channels forming the first inverted "eight" shape groove Do not connect, form the outer end of two the second rectangular channels of the second inverted "eight" shape groove and the external arc of T font salient pole lateral part Do not connect, do not connect between the inner of two the second rectangular channels forming the second inverted "eight" shape groove;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed at being formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core In first inverted "eight" shape groove and the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is N pole, by complete The first inverted "eight" shape outer end that inner side is N pole that exactly the same two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed on rotor core In middle the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels and two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel formed second The inner side of inverted "eight" shape is N pole, more identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed at rotor ferrum In the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on another one T font salient pole adjacent on core and two panels The inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is formed is S pole, by identical other two panels the second rectangle The inner side that permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed on rotor core be S pole first in the middle of inverted "eight" shape outer end by two other second In the second inverted "eight" shape groove that rectangular channel is formed and the inner side of the second inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel It is S pole, the like, forming N pole, the most spaced built-in p-m rotor of S, rotor core is fitted on axle.
Operation principle: the pulley rotation of driven by engine hybrid excitation generating apparatus, i.e. rotor field rotate, armature around Group cutting magnetic line, produces electromotive force, provides power supply for automobile electrical equipment.
Compared with prior art, rectangle permanent-magnet steel is separately mounted to the first rectangular channel on T font salient pole and to the present invention In two rectangular channels, electrical excitation winding is wrapped on T font salient pole, and the magnetic field of generation is few directly facing air gap, leakage field, electromotor gas Magnetic field in gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electrical excitation winding, and magnetic field intensity is big, and power density is high, can give the electricity consumption of automobile Equipment provides electric energy, can provide vacuum servo energy for brake system again.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the rotor profiles figure of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
In figure: 1, axle 2, rear end cap 3, rotor core 4, stator the 5, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 6, drive end bearing bracket 7, second Rectangle permanent-magnet steel.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Electromagnetism with vacuum pump and built-in permanent magnetism mixing excitation TRT are by vacuum pump, drive end bearing bracket 6, rear end cap 2, composite excitation Rotor, stator 4 form, it is characterised in that: vacuum pump is bolted on hybrid excitation generating apparatus rear end cap 2, mixing Excitation rotor is made up of salient pole electromagnetic rotor and built-in p-m rotor;
Built-in p-m rotor is made up of axle the 1, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel the 5, second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 7, rotor core 3, rotor core 3 On be evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole, the outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference, institute The inner side having T font salient pole lateral part is straight line and tangent with same circumference, in each T font salient pole lateral part It is provided with, at outer end, the first inverted "eight" shape running through rotor core 3 thickness and being formed by two the first rectangular channels in the middle of portion Groove, two the first rectangular channels be provided with in the middle of the outer end of the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed run through rotor core 3 thickness and by The second inverted "eight" shape groove that two the second rectangular channels are formed, is formed outside two the first rectangular channels of the first inverted "eight" shape groove End does not connects with the external arc of T font salient pole lateral part, forms two the first rectangular channels of the first inverted "eight" shape groove Do not connect between the inner, form outer end and the T font salient pole lateral part of two the second rectangular channels of the second inverted "eight" shape groove External arc do not connect, do not connect between the inner of two the second rectangular channels forming the second inverted "eight" shape groove;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is respectively placed at being formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core 3 The first inverted "eight" shape groove in and the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 be N pole, will The first inverted "eight" shape that inner side is N pole that identical two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 7 is respectively placed on rotor core 3 In the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels in the middle of outer end and two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 7 is formed The inner side of the second inverted "eight" shape is N pole, then is respectively placed at by identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 and turns In the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on another one T font salient pole adjacent on sub-iron core 3 And the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is formed is S pole, by identical other two panels the In the middle of the first inverted "eight" shape outer end that two rectangle permanent-magnet steels 7 are respectively placed at that the inner side on rotor core 3 is S pole by additionally Two second rectangular channel formed the second inverted "eight" shape groove in and two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 7 formed second fall " eight " word The inner side of shape is S pole, the like, forming N pole, the most spaced built-in p-m rotor of S, rotor core 3 is fitted in axle 1 On.

Claims (1)

1. the electromagnetism of band vacuum pump and a built-in permanent magnetism mixing excitation TRT, by vacuum pump, drive end bearing bracket (6), rear end cap (2), rotor with hybrid excitation, stator (4) composition, it is characterised in that: vacuum pump is bolted on hybrid excitation generating apparatus On rear end cap (2), rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electromagnetic rotor and built-in p-m rotor;
Built-in p-m rotor is made up of axle (1), the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5), the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (7), rotor core (3), Being evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole on rotor core (3), the outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and same On one circumference, the inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference, at each T font salient pole The bosom of lateral part be provided with at outer end run through rotor core (3) thickness and formed by two the first rectangular channels One inverted "eight" shape groove, two the first rectangular channels be provided with in the middle of the outer end of the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed and run through rotor ferrum Core (3) thickness and the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels, form two of the first inverted "eight" shape groove The outer end of the first rectangular channel does not connects with the external arc of T font salient pole lateral part, forms the two of the first inverted "eight" shape groove Do not connect between the inner of individual first rectangular channel, form outer end and the T word of two the second rectangular channels of the second inverted "eight" shape groove The external arc of type salient pole lateral part does not connects, between the inner of two the second rectangular channels forming the second inverted "eight" shape groove Do not connect;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is respectively placed at rotor core (3) by two the first rectangular channels In the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed and the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is N pole, inner side is N pole first that identical two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (7) is respectively placed on rotor core (3) In the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels in the middle of inverted "eight" shape outer end and two panels the second rectangle forever The inner side of the second inverted "eight" shape that magnet steel (7) is formed is N pole, then by identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) formed by two the first rectangular channels the be respectively placed on rotor core (3) the most adjacent upper another one T font salient pole In one inverted "eight" shape groove and the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is S pole, by complete Exactly the same other two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (7) be respectively placed on rotor core (3) inner side is S pole first fall In the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two other second rectangular channel in the middle of "eight" shape outer end and two panels the second rectangle The inner side of the second inverted "eight" shape that permanent-magnet steel (7) is formed is S pole, the like, form N pole, S the most spaced built-in P-m rotor, rotor core (3) is fitted on axle (1).
CN201610314105.3A 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Electromagnet and built-in permanent magnet mixed excitation generating set with vacuum pump Pending CN105914999A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610314105.3A CN105914999A (en) 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Electromagnet and built-in permanent magnet mixed excitation generating set with vacuum pump

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610314105.3A CN105914999A (en) 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Electromagnet and built-in permanent magnet mixed excitation generating set with vacuum pump

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105914999A true CN105914999A (en) 2016-08-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070090713A1 (en) * 2005-10-26 2007-04-26 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Hybrid-excited rotating machine, and vehicle with the hybrid-excited rotating machine
CN101447722A (en) * 2008-12-08 2009-06-03 张学义 Mixed excitation generator with vacuum pump for vehicles
CN101501969A (en) * 2006-06-12 2009-08-05 雷米国际公司 Electric machine with interior permanent magnets
CN201352753Y (en) * 2008-11-25 2009-11-25 苏州工业园区和鑫电器有限公司 Novel internal permanent magnet synchronous motor
CN102223040A (en) * 2010-04-14 2011-10-19 富士电机株式会社 Permanent magnet type rotating motor
CN202384969U (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-08-15 上海电机学院 Hybrid excitation synchronous motor having high power density
CN102638147A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-08-15 张学义 Hybrid excitation generator with permanent and electromagnetic series magnetic fields
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN104883019A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-02 江苏大学 Stator permanent magnet mixed excitation vernier motor

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070090713A1 (en) * 2005-10-26 2007-04-26 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Hybrid-excited rotating machine, and vehicle with the hybrid-excited rotating machine
CN101501969A (en) * 2006-06-12 2009-08-05 雷米国际公司 Electric machine with interior permanent magnets
CN201352753Y (en) * 2008-11-25 2009-11-25 苏州工业园区和鑫电器有限公司 Novel internal permanent magnet synchronous motor
CN101447722A (en) * 2008-12-08 2009-06-03 张学义 Mixed excitation generator with vacuum pump for vehicles
CN102223040A (en) * 2010-04-14 2011-10-19 富士电机株式会社 Permanent magnet type rotating motor
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN202384969U (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-08-15 上海电机学院 Hybrid excitation synchronous motor having high power density
CN102638147A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-08-15 张学义 Hybrid excitation generator with permanent and electromagnetic series magnetic fields
CN104883019A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-02 江苏大学 Stator permanent magnet mixed excitation vernier motor

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Application publication date: 20160831

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication