CN105865426A - Automatic centering and measuring total station - Google Patents

Automatic centering and measuring total station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105865426A
CN105865426A CN201610321231.1A CN201610321231A CN105865426A CN 105865426 A CN105865426 A CN 105865426A CN 201610321231 A CN201610321231 A CN 201610321231A CN 105865426 A CN105865426 A CN 105865426A
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China
Prior art keywords
servomotor
total powerstation
automatic centering
transmitting
total station
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CN201610321231.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105865426B (en
Inventor
陈会涛
楚玉辉
毛晓鹏
贾守军
石鹏
锁应博
周财祥
李水楠
侯斌
段于
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Henan University of Technology
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Henan University of Technology
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • G01C15/002Active optical surveying means

Abstract

The invention provides an automatic centering and measuring total station. According to the automatic centering and measuring total station, a data signal is collected and processed by a central processing unit; a servo motor A is started to control the expansion and the retraction of three electric telescopic links, so that the total station is moved right above an inductor; the total station is regulated to a centering horizontal position through the synergistic adjustment with a dual-axis inclinometer; the total station automatically measures the height of a measuring instrument through a laser device. According to the automatic centering and measuring total station, the central processing unit automatically calculates an angle needed for rotation and a lofting distance by inputting coordinates of a measuring site, a back-sight point and a to-be-lofted point; a servo motor B is started to control a rotating shaft to rotate the total station to a designated angle. The automatic centering and measuring total station is moved to be near the to-be-lofted point according to an instruction of a distance measuring system; a prism built-in chip which receives a signal of the total station starts a servo motor C to control the electric telescopic links to adjust a prism to be horizontal; a servo motor D is started to control a fine tuning shaft to enable the prism to be moved to the position of the to-be-lofted point.

Description

A kind of automatic centering and the total powerstation of measurement
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction account technical field, particularly relate to the total powerstation of a kind of automatic centering and measurement, belong to construction account technical field.
Background technology
At building field, construction survey is applied to whole work progress, from levelling of the land, building location, foundation construction, to building member installation etc., be required for carrying out construction survey.And often due to the length of side of testing is shorter in construction survey, substantial amounts of measurement work is exactly by equipment placement each point on each building baseline or axis, measures work.As can be seen here, instrument fast accurate be centered in construction survey work and occupy vital position, directly influence and measure the precision of work and efficiency.
Along with the development of science and technology, in order to improve accuracy of alignment, instrument uses optical centering, although and optical centering is to measure precision in work high, but leveling centering must be alternately.Because survey station point may deviate optical plummet delineation center after Zheng Ping, needing centering again, therefore the work of this two step must be repeated, until two purposes all reach.The most general employing fixes a frame leg, rotates other leg and makes instrument centering, then make circle level(l)ing bubble placed in the middle by expansion bracket leg, is difficult to the most in operation reach not only to meet centering but also meet leveling.So some survey crew, take the substantial amounts of time when optical centering, flattening operation, affect the efficiency of work, also affect accuracy of alignment simultaneously, be survey crew's problem that especially construction survey personnel must solve at work for this centering.
Based on current technology problem, the invention provides a kind of total powerstation automatically, quickly realizing centering and measurement of offer.
Summary of the invention
nullThe invention aims to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art,Provide the total powerstation of a kind of automatic centering and measurement,Specifically adopt the following technical scheme that the total powerstation of a kind of automatic centering and measurement,It includes total powerstation、Display screen、Automatic centering leveling button、Servomotor A、Electric expansion bar、Servo motor B、Rotary shaft、Wireless signal receiver、Target inductor、Prism、Laser receiving-transmitting device、Servomotor C、Servomotor D、Fine adjustment shaft、Tripod and expansion link,It is characterized in that,Described automatic centering leveling button is arranged on described display screen,Described display location is on described total powerstation,Described laser receiving-transmitting device is arranged on described total powerstation,Described rotary shaft is connected with total powerstation,Described servo motor B is connected with described rotary shaft,For controlling the anglec of rotation of gyroscope,Described servomotor A is connected with described electric expansion bar,Described electric expansion bar is connected with tripod,Prism is connected with vertical expansion link,Vertically expansion link is connected with tripod,Fine adjustment shaft is connected with vertical expansion link,Servomotor D is connected with fine adjustment shaft,Servomotor C is all connected with tripod with servomotor D.
Further, as preferably, present invention additionally comprises LDMS, described LDMS includes wireless signal receiving-transmitting device, laser receiving-transmitting device, positioning inductor and gradually rings formula alarm bell.
Further, as preferably, described automatic centering leveling button is connected with described laser receiving-transmitting device, and when pressing automatic centering leveling button, laser receiving-transmitting device launches downwards laser beam, within the specific limits scanning target inductor.
Further, as preferably, present invention additionally comprises central processing unit, described central processing unit is all connected with described central processing unit with described laser receiving-transmitting device, servomotor A, servo motor B, servomotor C, servomotor D, described central processing unit is to the collection of data-signal and process, the flexible of three electric expansion bars is controlled by starting servomotor A, total powerstation is moved to the surface of inductor, and makes total powerstation be adjusted to centering horizontal level by the adjustment that cooperates with double-shaft tilt angle sensor.
Further, as preferably, present invention additionally comprises inputting interface, by input survey station point, backsight point and the coordinate treating layout point, central processing unit calculates the angle needing to rotate and the distance of setting-out automatically, starts servo motor B control rotary shaft and total powerstation is rotated to specified angle.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is:
(1) total powerstation is fixed on tripod by the present invention, it is placed on above survey station point, take out target inductor to be fixed on survey station point, press automatic centering button, alignment laser launches downwards laser beam, scanning target inductor within the specific limits, by central processing unit to the collection of data-signal and process, start servomotor A and control the flexible of three electric expansion bars, total powerstation is moved to the surface of inductor, and makes total powerstation be adjusted to centering horizontal level by the adjustment that cooperates with double-shaft tilt angle sensor.Total powerstation passes through laser instrument automatic measurer height.
(2) present invention calculates the angle needing to rotate and the distance of setting-out automatically by input survey station point, backsight point and the coordinate treating layout point, central processing unit, starts servo motor B control rotary shaft and total powerstation is rotated to specified angle.
(3) prism is arranged on tripod by the present invention, moves to treat near layout point by the instruction of range-measurement system, and range-measurement system includes wireless signal receiving-transmitting device, laser receiving-transmitting device, positioning inductor, gradually rings formula alarm bell.The prism built-in chip startup servomotor C control electric expansion bar receiving total powerstation signal makes prismatic adjustment level, starts servomotor D control fine adjustment shaft and makes prism move to treat layout point position.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of this automatic centering and the total powerstation of measurement;
Fig. 2 is the fragmentary elevational view of this automatic centering and the total powerstation of measurement;
Fig. 3 is the component prism front view of this automatic centering and the total powerstation of measurement;
Fig. 4 is the automatic centering levelling principle figure of this automatic centering and the total powerstation of measurement;
Fig. 5 be this automatic centering with the total powerstation of measurement automatically measure workflow diagram;
Wherein, 1-total powerstation, 2-display screen, 3-automatic centering leveling button, 4-servomotor A, 5-electric expansion bar, 6-servo motor B, 7-rotary shaft, 8-wireless signal receiver, 9-target inductor, 10-prism, 11-laser receiving-transmitting device, 12-servomotor C, 13-servomotor D, 14-fine adjustment shaft, 15-tripod, the vertical expansion link of 16-.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of protection of the invention.
nullAs Figure 1-5,The invention provides the total powerstation of a kind of automatic centering and measurement,It includes total powerstation、Display screen、Automatic centering leveling button、Servomotor A、Electric expansion bar、Servo motor B、Rotary shaft、Wireless signal receiver、Target inductor、Prism、Laser receiving-transmitting device、Servomotor C、Servomotor D、Fine adjustment shaft、Tripod and expansion link,It is characterized in that,Described automatic centering leveling button 3 is arranged on described display screen 2,Described display screen 2 is positioned on described total powerstation 1,Described laser receiving-transmitting device 11 is arranged on described total powerstation 1,Described rotary shaft 7 is connected with total powerstation 1,Described servo motor B 6 is connected with described rotary shaft 7,For controlling the anglec of rotation of gyroscope,Described servomotor A4 is connected with described electric expansion bar 5,Described electric expansion bar 5 is connected with tripod 15,Prism 10 is connected with vertical expansion link 16,Vertically expansion link 16 is connected with tripod 15,Fine adjustment shaft 14 is connected with vertical expansion link 16,Servomotor D13 is connected with fine adjustment shaft 14,Servomotor C12 is all connected with tripod 15 with servomotor D13.
In the present embodiment, present invention additionally comprises LDMS, described LDMS includes wireless signal receiving-transmitting device, laser receiving-transmitting device, positioning inductor and gradually rings formula alarm bell.Described automatic centering leveling button is connected with described laser receiving-transmitting device, and target inductor is arranged on the underface of laser receiving-transmitting device, and when pressing automatic centering leveling button, laser receiving-transmitting device launches downwards laser beam, within the specific limits scanning target inductor.
In addition, present invention additionally comprises central processing unit, described central processing unit is all connected with described central processing unit with described laser receiving-transmitting device, servomotor A, servo motor B, servomotor C, servomotor D, described central processing unit is to the collection of data-signal and process, the flexible of three electric expansion bars is controlled by starting servomotor A, total powerstation is moved to the surface of inductor, and makes total powerstation be adjusted to centering horizontal level by the adjustment that cooperates with double-shaft tilt angle sensor.
Present invention additionally comprises inputting interface, by input survey station point, backsight point and the coordinate treating layout point, central processing unit calculates the angle needing to rotate and the distance of setting-out automatically, starts servo motor B control rotary shaft and total powerstation is rotated to specified angle.
Total powerstation is fixed on tripod by the present invention, it is placed on above survey station point, take out target inductor to be fixed on survey station point, press automatic centering button, alignment laser launches downwards laser beam, scanning target inductor within the specific limits, by central processing unit to the collection of data-signal and process, start servomotor A and control the flexible of three electric expansion bars, total powerstation is moved to the surface of inductor, and makes total powerstation be adjusted to centering horizontal level by the adjustment that cooperates with double-shaft tilt angle sensor.Total powerstation passes through laser instrument automatic measurer height.The present invention calculates the angle needing to rotate and the distance of setting-out automatically by input survey station point, backsight point and the coordinate treating layout point, central processing unit, starts servo motor B control rotary shaft and total powerstation is rotated to specified angle.Prism is arranged on tripod by the present invention, moves to treat near layout point by the instruction of range-measurement system, and range-measurement system includes wireless signal receiving-transmitting device, laser receiving-transmitting device, positioning inductor, gradually rings formula alarm bell.The prism built-in chip startup servomotor C control electric expansion bar receiving total powerstation signal makes prismatic adjustment level, starts servomotor D control fine adjustment shaft and makes prism move to treat layout point position.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, being appreciated that and these embodiments can carry out multiple change without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention, revise, replace and modification, the scope of the present invention be defined by the appended.

Claims (5)

1. automatic centering and a total powerstation for measurement, it includes that total powerstation, display screen, automatic centering are adjusted Flat button, servomotor A, electric expansion bar, servo motor B, rotary shaft, wireless signal receiver, Target inductor, prism, laser receiving-transmitting device, servomotor C, servomotor D, fine adjustment shaft, tripod And expansion link, it is characterised in that described automatic centering leveling button (3) is arranged on described display screen (2) On, described display screen (2) is positioned on described total powerstation (1), and described laser receiving-transmitting device (11) is arranged On described total powerstation (1), described rotary shaft (7) is connected with total powerstation (1), described servo electricity Machine B (6) is connected with described rotary shaft (7), for controlling the anglec of rotation of gyroscope, described servo Motor A (4) is connected with described electric expansion bar (5), described electric expansion bar (5) and tripod (15) being connected, prism (10) is connected with vertical expansion link (16), vertical expansion link (16) Being connected with tripod (15), fine adjustment shaft (14) is connected with vertical expansion link (16), servo electricity Machine D (13) is connected with fine adjustment shaft (14), and servomotor C (12) and servomotor D (13) is equal It is connected with tripod (15).
A kind of automatic centering the most according to claim 1 and the total powerstation of measurement, it is characterised in that also Including LDMS, described LDMS include wireless signal receiving-transmitting device, laser receiving-transmitting device, Positioning inductor and gradually ring formula alarm bell.
A kind of automatic centering the most according to claim 1 and the total powerstation of measurement, it is characterised in that institute Stating automatic centering leveling button to be connected with described laser receiving-transmitting device, target inductor is arranged on laser receiving-transmitting device Underface, when pressing automatic centering leveling button, laser receiving-transmitting device launches downwards laser beam, one Target inductor is scanned in the range of Ding.
A kind of automatic centering the most according to claim 3 and the total powerstation of measurement, it is characterised in that also Including central processing unit, described central processing unit and described laser receiving-transmitting device, servomotor A, servomotor B, servomotor C, servomotor D are all connected with described central processing unit, described central processing unit logarithm The collection of the number of it is believed that and process, control the flexible of three electric expansion bars by starting servomotor A, will Total powerstation moves to the surface of inductor, and makes entirely to stand by the adjustment that cooperates with double-shaft tilt angle sensor Instrument is adjusted to centering horizontal level.
A kind of automatic centering the most according to claim 4 and the total powerstation of measurement, it is characterised in that also Including inputting interface, by input survey station point, backsight point and the coordinate treating layout point, central processing unit is certainly The dynamic angle and the distance of setting-out needing to rotate that calculate, startup servo motor B controls rotary shaft by total powerstation Rotate to specified angle.
CN201610321231.1A 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 A kind of total powerstation of automatic centering and measurement Active CN105865426B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106352860A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-01-25 合肥俊刚机械科技有限公司 Laser collimator applied to detection of agricultural trees
CN107886827A (en) * 2017-01-13 2018-04-06 大连大学 A kind of total powerstation model of total station instrument coordinate MEASUREMENT TEACHING model
CN108007373A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-08 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of three-dimensional laser measures hoistable platform
CN108344405A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-07-31 宁波仲柏信息科技有限公司 A kind of instrument of surveying and mapping self-checking device
CN112833803A (en) * 2021-01-06 2021-05-25 王胜军 Intelligent measuring equipment is used in city building bridge place
CN112964237A (en) * 2021-02-10 2021-06-15 北京测绘学会 Measurement control system, method and device for construction engineering and computer equipment

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CN101713653A (en) * 2009-12-14 2010-05-26 陆建红 Automatic centering system of marking instrument
CN103335640A (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-10-02 中国电子科技集团公司第二十六研究所 Automatic leveling and gyroscopic orientation sighting device
CN204405072U (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-06-17 长安大学 A kind of total powerstation centering rod of automatic upright
CN204535694U (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-08-05 柳州铁道职业技术学院 The surveying instrument foot rest of automatic lifting and leveling automatically
CN205655835U (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-10-19 河南理工大学 Automatic centering and measuring total powerstation

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101114531A (en) * 2007-07-23 2008-01-30 金连河 Automatic centering level system of tripod
CN101122460A (en) * 2007-08-15 2008-02-13 张立品 Triangle automatic horizontally-placed centering system for reflecting mirror and index tag
CN101713653A (en) * 2009-12-14 2010-05-26 陆建红 Automatic centering system of marking instrument
CN103335640A (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-10-02 中国电子科技集团公司第二十六研究所 Automatic leveling and gyroscopic orientation sighting device
CN204405072U (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-06-17 长安大学 A kind of total powerstation centering rod of automatic upright
CN204535694U (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-08-05 柳州铁道职业技术学院 The surveying instrument foot rest of automatic lifting and leveling automatically
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106352860A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-01-25 合肥俊刚机械科技有限公司 Laser collimator applied to detection of agricultural trees
CN107886827A (en) * 2017-01-13 2018-04-06 大连大学 A kind of total powerstation model of total station instrument coordinate MEASUREMENT TEACHING model
CN109272846A (en) * 2017-01-13 2019-01-25 大连大学 The total station instrument coordinate measurement method of total station instrument coordinate MEASUREMENT TEACHING model
CN107886827B (en) * 2017-01-13 2019-10-25 大连大学 A kind of total station model of total station instrument coordinate MEASUREMENT TEACHING model
CN108007373A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-08 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of three-dimensional laser measures hoistable platform
CN108007373B (en) * 2017-12-08 2019-08-27 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of three-dimensional laser measurement hoistable platform
CN108344405A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-07-31 宁波仲柏信息科技有限公司 A kind of instrument of surveying and mapping self-checking device
CN112833803A (en) * 2021-01-06 2021-05-25 王胜军 Intelligent measuring equipment is used in city building bridge place
CN112964237A (en) * 2021-02-10 2021-06-15 北京测绘学会 Measurement control system, method and device for construction engineering and computer equipment

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