CN105830798B - Rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate - Google Patents

Rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105830798B
CN105830798B CN201610220719.5A CN201610220719A CN105830798B CN 105830798 B CN105830798 B CN 105830798B CN 201610220719 A CN201610220719 A CN 201610220719A CN 105830798 B CN105830798 B CN 105830798B
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China
Prior art keywords
seedling
disk
cultivation plate
papery
telescopic support
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CN201610220719.5A
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CN105830798A (en
Inventor
李海亮
汪春
孙海天
严晓丽
梁琦
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South Subtropical Crops Research Institute CATAS
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Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C11/00Transplanting machines
    • A01C11/003Transplanting machines for aquatic plants; for planting underwater, e.g. rice
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0293Seed or shoot receptacles

Abstract

The present invention relates to rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plates, this rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate includes hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate, papery seedling disk, hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate is the rectangle open box body by trying to get to the heart of a matter and disk body is constituted, disk body is evenly arranged with telescopic support ear, each telescopic support ear is equidistant away from trying to get to the heart of a matter, support earcap is arranged by horizontal block one end in each telescopic support ear, the horizontal block other end is arranged grab and constitutes, horizontal block is inserted in disk, support earcap is located at outside disk body, grab is located in disk body, and the length of horizontal block is greater than the thickness of disk body;Papery seedling disk is that grid body open up and down is evenly distributed with made of array as paper slip, and papery seedling is sat crosslegged on telescopic support ear, is pot seedling root chamber between the trying to get to the heart of a matter of papery seedling disk lower end surface and hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate.Papery seedling disk of the present invention can be inserted directly into field with bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling, and hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate can reuse, and reduce the production cost of raising rice seedlings, environmentally protective.

Description

Rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate
One, technical field:
The present invention relates to rice mechanization rice transplanting seedling-cultivation plates in agricultural production, and in particular to be rice alms bowl blanket seedling move Cultivation machine combined type seedling-cultivation plate.
Two, background technique:
Blanket seedling-cultivation plate is serious to rice shoot root damage during rice transplanting, and seedling-slowing stage is long, and growth cycle is long.Pot seedling is in cave Growth is separated from each other in alms bowl, can not be used cooperatively with very widely used today rice transplanter.Disjunctor pot seedling seedling disk can cultivate root At alms bowl shape, root top is interconnected to the bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling of blanket on the lower alms bowl of blanket for lower part, mentions before effective solution The problem of.It is not only expensive but also be not easy to take care of however, what is be widely used at present is the soft modeling seedling-cultivation plate from external import Maintenance, if discarded seedling disk processing is not proper also to will cause white pollution.In view of the above problems, designing a kind of hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate The novel combination type seedling-cultivation plate being composed with papery seedling disk.
Three, summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate, this rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter With combined type seedling-cultivation plate for solve existing blanket seedling-cultivation plate it is expensive and also be not easy to keeping safeguard, discarded seedling disk can be made The problem of at white pollution.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: this rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter is educated with combined type Seedling disk includes hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate, papery seedling disk, and hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate is the rectangle open box body by trying to get to the heart of a matter and disk body is constituted, tool of trying to get to the heart of a matter There is permeable hole, disk body is evenly arranged with telescopic support ear, and each telescopic support ear is equidistant away from trying to get to the heart of a matter, and each telescopic support ear is by water Plain block one end setting support earcap, the horizontal block other end are arranged grab and constitute, and horizontal block is inserted in disk, and support earcap is located at disk body Outside, grab is located in disk body, and the length of horizontal block is greater than the thickness of disk body;Papery seedling disk is on being evenly distributed with made of array as paper slip Lower open grid body, papery seedling are sat crosslegged on telescopic support ear, it is tried to get to the heart of a matter with hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate in papery seedling disk lower end surface Between be pot seedling root chamber.
The height of pot seedling root chamber is 18 ~ 20mm in above scheme.
It is provided with rubber mat outside the disk body of hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate and the support earhole of telescopic support ear junction in above scheme, can be prevented The only leak at support earhole.
The utility model has the advantages that
1, due to using degradable papery seedling disk, papery seedling disk can be inserted directly into the present invention with bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling Field reduces the link of lifting, not only simplifies production process, to the damage of the root of rice shoot when avoiding lifting, together When be easy to get due to papery seedling disk material, cheap, external hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate can reuse, therefore reduce rice and educate The production cost of seedling reduces white pollution, environmentally protective.
2, for the present invention due to using pot seedling root cavity configuration, the growing space of increased rice shoot root improves rice shoot to soil The utilization rate of nutrient in earth, increases oxygen concentration in soil, thereby reduces the disease incidence of root rot, improves the matter of seedling Amount.
3, the disjunctor bowl shape rice shoot that the suitable rice transplanter of the present invention uses, can effectively reduce production process, reduction is produced into This.
4, the present invention is convenient for a kind of disk that rises, easy to operate, at low cost, is suitable for general rice transplanter, can cultivate alms bowl The seedling-cultivation plate of blanket appearance seedling.
Four, Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of papery seedling disk in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 form schematic diagram between cutting plane rice shoot after seedling-cultivation plate.
1. 2. papery seedling disk of hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate, 3. pot seedling root chamber, 4. 5. horizontal block of telescopic support ear, 6. support earcap.
Five, specific embodiment:
Following further describes the present invention with reference to the drawings:
Referring to figs 1 and 3, this rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate includes hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate 1, paper Matter seedling disk 2, hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate 1 are the rectangle open box bodies by trying to get to the heart of a matter and disk body is constituted, and are tried to get to the heart of a matter with permeable hole, and disk body is uniformly set It is equipped with telescopic support ear 4, each telescopic support ear 4 is equidistant away from trying to get to the heart of a matter, and each telescopic support ear 4 is arranged by 5 one end of horizontal block to be held in the palm Earcap 6,5 other end of horizontal block are arranged grab and constitute, and horizontal block 5 is inserted in disk, and support earcap 6 is located at outside disk body, and grab is located at In disk body, the length of horizontal block 5 is greater than the thickness of disk body, and when that earcap 6 will be ask to be pushed into disk be in, horizontal block 5 extend into disk body It is interior, it is used to support papery seedling disk 2 at this time.As shown in Fig. 2, papery seedling disk 2 is to be evenly distributed with made of array up and down opening as paper slip Grid body, papery seedling disk 2 is sitting on telescopic support ear 4, is between the trying to get to the heart of a matter of 2 lower end surface of papery seedling disk and hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate 1 Pot seedling root chamber 3, the height of pot seedling root chamber 3 are 18 ~ 20mm.
The present invention is also designed to: being arranged outside the disk body of hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate 1 and the support earhole of telescopic support 4 junction of ear There is rubber mat, to prevent the leak at support earhole.
It will be stretched according to the agriculture requirement of seedling toward the subsoil of the uniform 18 ~ 20mm of laying of pot seedling root chamber 3 before seedling of the present invention Contracting formula support ear 4 is extracted out, is evacuated to the telescopic grab card of support ear and is leaned against the disk of hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate 1 and is in, and papery seedling disk 2 is placed on bottom It on soil, and sowed in papery seedling disk 2, cover the operations such as surface soil and watering, since telescopic support ear 4 has been extracted to hard plastic Outside the disk body of seedling-cultivation plate 1, telescopic support ear 4 has not influenced the growth of rice shoot and cannot be intertwined with rice shoot root, seedling taking It is also easier when seedling.The height of hard seedling-cultivation plate inner wall should be greater than the sum of the thickness of subsoil and papery seedling disk 2.Germination is raw After length, the main root of rice shoot grows disk knot in pot seedling root chamber 3, it can be ensured that is interconnected to form blanket between rice shoot, therefore can train Root top is brought out into alms bowl shape, root lower part is interconnected to the bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling of blanket under the upper alms bowl of blanket, as shown in Figure 4.Due to Using 3 structure of pot seedling root chamber, the growing space of increased rice shoot root improves rice shoot to the utilization rate of nutrient in soil, increases Add oxygen concentration in soil, thereby reduced the disease incidence of root rot, improves the quality of seedling.Simultaneously as using can The papery seedling disk 2 of degradation, therefore seedling disk can be inserted directly into field with bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling, reduce the link of lifting, it is not only simple Change production process, to the damage of the root of rice shoot when avoiding lifting, simultaneously because 2 material of papery seedling disk is easy to get, price Cheaply, external hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate 1 can reuse, therefore reduce the production cost of raising rice seedlings.
After rice shoot is grown well, root top is cultivated into alms bowl shape, root lower part is interconnected to the alms bowl shape blanket of blanket under the upper alms bowl of blanket Papery seedling disk 2 and bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling therein are taken out together, are used cooperatively with rice transplanter by shape rice shoot, papery seedling disk 2 Field is inserted directly into bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling, and papery seedling disk 2 can natural degradation, and hard plastic seedling during later period seedling growth Disk 1 is reusable.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate, it is characterised in that: this rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter group Box-like seedling-cultivation plate includes hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate (1), papery seedling disk (2), and after rice shoot is grown well, papery seedling disk (2) is with bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling It is inserted directly into field, papery seedling disk (2) natural degradation during later period seedling growth, hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate (1) is reused;Firmly Modeling seedling-cultivation plate (1) is the rectangle open box body by trying to get to the heart of a matter and disk body is constituted, and is tried to get to the heart of a matter with permeable hole, disk body is evenly arranged with flexible Shi Tuoer (4), each telescopic support ear (4) are equidistant away from trying to get to the heart of a matter, and each telescopic support ear (4) is arranged by horizontal block (5) one end holds in the palm Earcap (6), horizontal block (5) other end are arranged grab and constitute, and horizontal block (5) is inserted in disk, and support earcap (6) is located at outside disk body, Grab is located in disk body, and the length of horizontal block (5) is greater than the thickness of disk body;Papery seedling disk (2) is to be evenly distributed with array by paper slip to form Grid body open up and down, papery seedling disk (2) is sitting on telescopic support ear (4), and papery seedling disk (2) lower end surface is educated with hard plastic It is pot seedling root chamber (3) between the trying to get to the heart of a matter of seedling disk (1);According to the agriculture requirement of seedling before seedling, toward pot seedling root chamber (3) uniform laying The subsoil of 18 ~ 20mm extracts each telescopic support ear (4) out, and the grab card for being evacuated to each telescopic support ear leans against hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate (1) Disk be in, papery seedling disk (2) is placed on subsoil, and is sowed in papery seedling disk (2), covers surface soil and watering operation, Since each telescopic support ear (4) has been extracted to outside the disk body of hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate (1), telescopic support ear (4) does not influence rice shoot It growth and cannot be intertwined with rice shoot root, be easy when seedling taking seedling.
2. rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pot seedling The height of root chamber (3) is 18 ~ 20mm.
3. rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: described Rubber mat is provided with outside the disk body of hard plastic seedling-cultivation plate (1) and the support earhole of telescopic support ear (4) junction.
CN201610220719.5A 2016-04-11 2016-04-11 Rice alms bowl blanket seedling transplanter combined type seedling-cultivation plate Active CN105830798B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106888640B (en) * 2017-03-27 2020-02-14 黄祖祥 Single-root transplanting seedling-separating method of rice hybrid tillering large seedling transplanter
CN108849069A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-11-23 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of processing method of the disease-resistant multielement net formula plastic rice seedling-raising disk of stalk
CN109315188A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-02-12 芜湖飞高农业有限公司 A kind of moisturizing formula seedling equipment
CN112166881A (en) * 2020-09-27 2021-01-05 鞍钢集团矿业有限公司 Iron tailing seedling raising tray and manufacturing method thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4586288A (en) * 1983-07-18 1986-05-06 Smithers-Oasis Company Tissue culture rooting system
CN201282675Y (en) * 2008-06-23 2009-08-05 中国水稻研究所 Upper alms bowl lower blanket type alms bowl-shaped blanket-liked seedling-cultivation plate and alms bowl-shaped blanket-liked seedling
CN202750546U (en) * 2012-07-26 2013-02-27 林铭村 Hydroponic fixed-planting cross-ventilation structure
CN105104013A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-02 中国水稻研究所 Bowl longitudinal communication type rice long-carpet bowl-shaped-carpet rice seedling raising device

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0529A (en) * 1991-06-24 1993-01-08 Sakata No Tane:Kk Cell supporter

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4586288A (en) * 1983-07-18 1986-05-06 Smithers-Oasis Company Tissue culture rooting system
CN201282675Y (en) * 2008-06-23 2009-08-05 中国水稻研究所 Upper alms bowl lower blanket type alms bowl-shaped blanket-liked seedling-cultivation plate and alms bowl-shaped blanket-liked seedling
CN202750546U (en) * 2012-07-26 2013-02-27 林铭村 Hydroponic fixed-planting cross-ventilation structure
CN105104013A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-02 中国水稻研究所 Bowl longitudinal communication type rice long-carpet bowl-shaped-carpet rice seedling raising device

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Effective date of registration: 20190219

Address after: 524000 South Asia Tropical Crop Research Institute, No. 1 Huxiu Road (Huguangyan North), Mazhang District, Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: South Subtropical Crops Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences

Address before: 163319 No. 2 Xinyang Road, hi tech Industrial Development Zone, Daqing, Heilongjiang

Patentee before: Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University