CN105821798A - Vegetation restoration method of reservoir soft soil slope water-level-fluctuating zone - Google Patents

Vegetation restoration method of reservoir soft soil slope water-level-fluctuating zone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105821798A
CN105821798A CN201610373475.4A CN201610373475A CN105821798A CN 105821798 A CN105821798 A CN 105821798A CN 201610373475 A CN201610373475 A CN 201610373475A CN 105821798 A CN105821798 A CN 105821798A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
reservoir
soft soil
falling zone
soil slope
panici repentics
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610373475.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾少光
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Red Sun Energy-Conserving And Environment-Protective Science And Technology Ltd
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Guangdong Red Sun Energy-Conserving And Environment-Protective Science And Technology Ltd
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Application filed by Guangdong Red Sun Energy-Conserving And Environment-Protective Science And Technology Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Red Sun Energy-Conserving And Environment-Protective Science And Technology Ltd
Priority to CN201610373475.4A priority Critical patent/CN105821798A/en
Publication of CN105821798A publication Critical patent/CN105821798A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B1/00Equipment or apparatus for, or methods of, general hydraulic engineering, e.g. protection of constructions against ice-strains

Abstract

The invention discloses a vegetation restoration method of a reservoir soft soil slope water-level-fluctuating zone. Paving millet with flood resistance, drought resistance and barren resistance is selected as a restoration plant for restoring a reservoir water-level-fluctuating zone; multiple rows of piles are built on a slope with soft soil in a reservoir; then, the paving millet is planted between the two rows of piles; and a silk screen is used for covering the surface of the paving millet to achieve a paving millet fixing effect. The method can preserve soil and water, conserve water sources and beautify the environment, and is higher in environmental, social and economic benefits.

Description

The vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone
[technical field]
The present invention relates to the vegetation repair method of ecological environmental protection and Treatment process field, particularly reservoir soft soil slope falling zone.
[background technology]
Falling zone is river, lake, the distinctive a kind of phenomenon of reservoir, refers to the region of rising that disappears formed between maximum water level and lowest water level line that reservoir rises, periodically water-retention and ecological water scheduling etc. cause owing to seasonal water level disappears.Falling zone is naked state, is washed in a pan erosion by rainwater erosion and wave and acts on, and the soil body is peeled off layer by layer, severe water and soil erosion, avalanche even occurs, causes reservoir sediment accumulation.
Particularly reservoir soft soil property falling zone.Existing way is, lays concrete, the planting system of surface sprinkling seed plantation, the method for later stage uninterrupted maintenance at falling zone bottom.But the shortcoming of the method for recovering vegetation of reservoir soft soil property falling zone is: (1) falling zone SEA LEVEL VARIATION is big, and bank protection surface sprinkling seed viability is low, maintenance cost is high;(2) laying concrete works amount in falling zone reparation district is big, relatively costly, easily causes secondary environmental pollution;(3) the ecological recovery phase of reservoir soft soil property falling zone is very long.
[summary of the invention]
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that the vegetation repair method of a kind of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone, good, energy-conserving and environment-protective can be showed by soft soil property section surface vegetation repair regional vegetation by the method.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs following technical proposals:
The vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone, it is characterized in that choosing have resistance to flood, lean Herba panici repentics drought-enduring, resistance to is as the rehabilitation plant repairing reservoir drawdown band, multiline pile is stamped on the slope of the soft soil property of reservoir, afterwards Herba panici repentics is planted between two campsheds, cover on Herba panici repentics surface with silk screen the most again, reach fixing Herba panici repentics effect.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone as above, it is characterised in that the non-woven bag of described Herba panici repentics medicated pillow shape carries out cultivating, non-woven bag about 20 young plant of each medicated pillow shape.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone as above, it is characterised in that stake is deal pile, and timber spacing is 10cm, line-spacing 160cm.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone as above, it is characterised in that a diameter of 10-15cm of described deal pile, length 250cm.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone as above, it is characterised in that the specification of the non-woven bag of described medicated pillow shape is: 40cm*30cm*15cm.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone as above, it is characterized in that described silk screen is wire gauze, wire gauze two ends are fixed on deal pile, long bamboo pole is placed on the surface of wire gauze, the two ends of bamboo pole are fixed on fir pile, every bamboo pole spacing 150cm, reaches fixing medicated pillow bag effect.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, the rehabilitation plant Herba panici repentics chosen due to the present invention has excellent amphibious characteristic, Herba panici repentics is for a long time at drought raw land well-grown, when shallow flooding, partly flooding and entirely flood, growth is normal, survival is remained to after entirely flooding 8-9 month water-break, it is resistance to floods, drought-enduring, resistance to lean, and soil and water conservation effect is obvious, is the herbaceous plant adapted to reservoir water fluctuation belt habitat the most found up to now.Through overtesting, Herba panici repentics can be survived in 5 meters of deep places under water, and is long-time survival.
2, the present invention utilizes timber to fix Herba panici repentics on soft soil slope falling zone, Herba panici repentics is fixed on soft soil slope falling zone, Herba panici repentics is able to normal growth, make reservoir drawdown band reduce soil erosion, repair falling zone ecological environment, beautify the purpose of view, there is higher environmental benefit, Social benefit and economic benefit.
3, the present invention utilizes the non-woven bag of medicated pillow shape to carry out cultivating Herba panici repentics so that Herba panici repentics well-grown, and the non-woven bag of medicated pillow shape is conveniently fixed between two row's timbers, is fixed on by Herba panici repentics well on soft soil slope falling zone.
4, the present invention is mainly under environmental protection and energy saving theory, and novelty proposes and implements for soft soil property technology for recovering vegetation, and maintenance is easy, has saved cost, environment will not be produced the advantages such as secondary pollution.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of this case.
In figure, Herba panici repentics 1, slope 2, stake 3, non-woven bag 4, silk screen 5, bamboo pole 6.
[specific embodiment]
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, the present invention is described further for example below.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
At Heyuan City's Xinfengjiang Reservoir ten thousand green lake harbour, to moon in water gulf, this emphasis travelling route has different water level and disappears the storehouse bank of the rhythm and pace of moving things and the swelling and subsiding zone discrepancy in elevation of rising in Guangdong red sun energy-conserving and environment-protective Science and Technology Ltd., filter out 16 kinds of woody and draft class plants, 5 meters under water, slope vegetation protection test is made with Herba panici repentics, result shows, Herba panici repentics is for a long time at drought raw land well-grown, and when shallow flooding, partly flooding and entirely flood, growth is normal, remains to survival after entirely flooding 8-9 month water-break.Resistance to flood, drought-enduring, resistance to lean, and soil and water conservation effect is obvious, is the herbaceous plant adapted to reservoir drawdown band habitat the most found up to now.
For the feature that indigenous plant Herba panici repentics is stronger to falling zone adverse circumstances toleration, the deal pile entire row of certain specification is creatively wedged in soft soil property by our company research staff, the medicated pillow band of Herba panici repentics of planting is stacked between deal pile, the vegetation method for planting that surface is fixed with wire gauze.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone, choose have resistance to flood, lean Herba panici repentics 1 drought-enduring, resistance to as repairing the rehabilitation plant of reservoir drawdown band, multiline pile 3 is stamped on the slope 2 of the soft soil property of reservoir, this stake is deal pile, timber spacing is 10cm, line-spacing 160cm.Described Herba panici repentics 1 non-woven bag 4 of medicated pillow shape carries out cultivating, non-woven bag 4 about 20 young plant of each medicated pillow shape.The Herba panici repentics 1 that kind has the non-woven bag 4 of medicated pillow shape afterwards is planted between two campsheds.Cover on Herba panici repentics surface with silk screen 5 the most again, reach fixing Herba panici repentics 1 and act on.
As preferably, a diameter of 10-15cm of described deal pile, about length 250cm.
As preferably, the specification of the non-woven bag of described medicated pillow shape is: 40cm*30cm*15cm.
As preferably, described silk screen 5 is wire gauze, is fixed on deal pile 3 at wire gauze two ends, places long bamboo pole 6 on the surface of wire gauze, and the two ends of bamboo pole are fixed on fir pile, every bamboo pole spacing 150cm, reaches the non-woven bag effect of fixing medicated pillow shape.
The late maintaining management of this case: after falling zone is afforested in 12 years, maintenance management to be strengthened.
(1) on the hot summer days, plant drought-resistant water-preserving is carried out, plant of newly planting;
(2), after flood or after the flood discharge of reservoir area, pollutant and the floating thing of residual is removed as early as possible;
(3) dead and avalanche location plant is carried out after-culture in time;
(4) prevention and elimination of disease and pests in time.

Claims (6)

1. the vegetation repair method of reservoir soft soil slope falling zone, it is characterized in that choosing have resistance to flood, lean Herba panici repentics drought-enduring, resistance to is as the rehabilitation plant repairing reservoir drawdown band, multiline pile is stamped on the slope of the soft soil property of reservoir, afterwards Herba panici repentics is planted between two campsheds, cover on Herba panici repentics surface with silk screen the most again, reach fixing Herba panici repentics effect.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir the most according to claim 1 soft soil slope falling zone, it is characterised in that the non-woven bag of described Herba panici repentics medicated pillow shape carries out cultivating, non-woven bag about 20 young plant of each medicated pillow shape.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir the most according to claim 1 and 2 soft soil slope falling zone, it is characterised in that stake is deal pile, timber spacing is 10cm, line-spacing 160cm.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir the most according to claim 3 soft soil slope falling zone, it is characterised in that a diameter of 10-15cm of described deal pile, length 250cm.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir the most according to claim 2 soft soil slope falling zone, it is characterised in that the specification of the non-woven bag of described medicated pillow shape is: 40cm*30cm*15cm.
The vegetation repair method of reservoir the most according to claim 3 soft soil slope falling zone, it is characterized in that described silk screen is wire gauze, wire gauze two ends are fixed on deal pile, long bamboo pole is placed on the surface of wire gauze, the two ends of bamboo pole are fixed on fir pile, every bamboo pole spacing 150cm, reaches fixing medicated pillow bag effect.
CN201610373475.4A 2016-05-30 2016-05-30 Vegetation restoration method of reservoir soft soil slope water-level-fluctuating zone Pending CN105821798A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610373475.4A CN105821798A (en) 2016-05-30 2016-05-30 Vegetation restoration method of reservoir soft soil slope water-level-fluctuating zone

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610373475.4A CN105821798A (en) 2016-05-30 2016-05-30 Vegetation restoration method of reservoir soft soil slope water-level-fluctuating zone

Publications (1)

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CN105821798A true CN105821798A (en) 2016-08-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111771631A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-16 中国水利水电科学研究院 Hydro-fluctuation belt water and soil conservation system and method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102009016326A1 (en) * 2009-04-06 2010-10-07 Norbert Jorek Composite mat, useful in garden ponds as a pond sealing material, comprises a foil-like carrier and a volume material arranged on it, where the foil-like carrier is waterproof
CN103290806A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-09-11 中国长江三峡集团公司 Environmental-friendly ecological reinforcing dam system
CN104620838A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-05-20 陈洪凯 Method for restoring vegetations in water-level-fluctuating zone
CN104790346A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-07-22 陈洪凯 Reservoir hydro-fluctuation belt bank slope protection pine pile-gabion box combined plant-growing retaining wall
CN105155460A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-12-16 广东红日节能环保科技有限公司 Method for repairing reservoir hydro-fluctuation belt through panicum repens

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102009016326A1 (en) * 2009-04-06 2010-10-07 Norbert Jorek Composite mat, useful in garden ponds as a pond sealing material, comprises a foil-like carrier and a volume material arranged on it, where the foil-like carrier is waterproof
CN103290806A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-09-11 中国长江三峡集团公司 Environmental-friendly ecological reinforcing dam system
CN104620838A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-05-20 陈洪凯 Method for restoring vegetations in water-level-fluctuating zone
CN104790346A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-07-22 陈洪凯 Reservoir hydro-fluctuation belt bank slope protection pine pile-gabion box combined plant-growing retaining wall
CN105155460A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-12-16 广东红日节能环保科技有限公司 Method for repairing reservoir hydro-fluctuation belt through panicum repens

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111771631A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-16 中国水利水电科学研究院 Hydro-fluctuation belt water and soil conservation system and method

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Application publication date: 20160803

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