CN105684628B - Header - Google Patents

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Publication number
CN105684628B
CN105684628B CN201610075515.7A CN201610075515A CN105684628B CN 105684628 B CN105684628 B CN 105684628B CN 201610075515 A CN201610075515 A CN 201610075515A CN 105684628 B CN105684628 B CN 105684628B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
prong
roller
fork roller
conveying
shaft
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610075515.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105684628A (en
Inventor
贾传东
Original Assignee
贾传东
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 贾传东 filed Critical 贾传东
Priority to CN201610075515.7A priority Critical patent/CN105684628B/en
Publication of CN105684628A publication Critical patent/CN105684628A/en
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Publication of CN105684628B publication Critical patent/CN105684628B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D27/00Machines with both topping and lifting mechanisms
    • A01D27/04Machines with both topping and lifting mechanisms with moving or rotating tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D33/00Accessories for digging harvesters
    • A01D33/06Haulm-cutting mechanisms

Abstract

The present invention relates to crop cropper technical field, specifically a kind of header.Including seedling killing machine structure and roll comb formula prong harvesting mechanism;Rolling comb formula prong harvesting mechanism includes that rack and rack-mounted track down and recover pitch roller and conveying fork roller;Conveying fork roller be sequentially arranged in track down and recover fork roller on rear side of and convey fork roller position successively increase;The interlaced arrangement of prong II of adjacent two conveyings fork roller;Track down and recover the prong I of fork roller and the interlaced arrangement of prong II of conveying fork roller adjacent thereto;The rear side of the conveying fork roller of most rear side is equipped with crop collecting tank.The present invention can accomplish the chopping and returnings such as earth's surface cauline leaf simultaneously, and garlic cuts stem, collection and one, while can add and soil deep ploughing is loosened the soil, and accomplish efficiently, energy conservation and environmental protection.

Description

Header
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop cropper technical field, specifically a kind of header.
Background technique
China is the maximum planting garlic state in the whole world, the annual plantation garlic area in the whole nation at 5,000,000-700 ten thousand mu or so, For total output probably at ten thousand tons of 800-1300, cultivated area accounts for the 90% of world's cultivated area, accounts for the 80% of world's total export volume.Wherein The yield of commodity garlic is formed at ten thousand tons of 300-500, remaining garlic supplies local rural market.Chinese planting garlic main producing region is Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Hebei, Yunnan, Shaanxi, wherein Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu are especially prominent.
Garlic is labour-intensive cultivated crop, and harvest operation is the important link of its production process, and there are manual works Large labor intensity occupies the problems such as farming season is more, harvest season property is strong, harvesting loss is big, low efficiency, it has also become influences garlic and produces hair It opens up, the main bottleneck of Industry growth.Garlic plays an important role in the international trade in China as a kind of industrial crops, because This, is a kind of trend using mechanical harvest garlic.
Summary of the invention
It is received in order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides one kind for the undergrounds tuber crops such as garlic, potato joint The header obtained.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a kind of header, including seedling killing machine structure, on rear side of the seedling killing machine structure Equipped with rolling comb formula prong harvesting mechanism;
The rolling comb formula prong harvesting mechanism includes that rack and rack-mounted track down and recover pitch roller and conveying fork roller;
The fork roller of tracking down and recovering includes rack-mounted shaft I;The shaft I is uniformly fixed with disk I;It is described Disk I on four or more radial prong I is uniformly fixed with along the center of circle;
The conveying fork roller includes rack-mounted shaft II;The shaft II is uniformly fixed with disk II; Four or more radial prong II is uniformly fixed with along the center of circle on the disk II;
The described conveying fork roller shares multiple, and conveying fork roller is sequentially arranged in the position for tracking down and recovering on rear side of fork roller and conveying fork roller It sets and successively increases;The interlaced arrangement of prong II of conveying fork roller described in adjacent two;The prong I and therewith for tracking down and recovering fork roller The interlaced arrangement of prong II of adjacent conveying fork roller;
The rear side of the conveying fork roller of the most rear side is equipped with crop collecting tank.
It is further: the seedling killing machine structure includes cylindric shell;Screw feeder, shell are installed in the shell It is provided with a notch on the cylindrical surface of front side, has cutter in shell notch;Described screw feeder one end is equipped with disintegrating mechanism.
The disintegrating mechanism includes the set axis covered in screw feeder shaft, the Disintegrating knife being fixed on set axis and covers on powder The crushing shell being connected to outside broken blade and with shell;Particle exit passageway is connected on rear side of the crushing shell.
It is covered in the disintegrating mechanism between axis and screw feeder shaft and is connected with speed increasing mechanism;The speed increasing mechanism includes peace Mounted in screw feeder shaft close to the big belt wheel of one end of disintegrating mechanism;Secondary shaft is installed in the big belt wheel side;It is described Secondary shaft on the secondary small pulley that is equipped with secondary big belt wheel and is connect with big belt wheel;Axis is covered in the disintegrating mechanism End is equipped with the small pulley connecting with secondary big belt wheel.
II length of prong of the conveying fork roller adjacent with fork roller is tracked down and recovered is greater than I length of prong for tracking down and recovering fork roller;Phase II length of prong of the conveying fork roller of rear side is greater than II length of prong of the conveying fork roller of front side in conveying fork roller described in neighbour two.
The crop collecting tank and conveying fork roller joint is equipped with the prong shape interlaced with conveying fork roller prong II Interface.
The crop collecting tank has conveyer belt.
There are two the conveying fork rollers.
It tracks down and recovers fork roller to fall simultaneously in operation with seedling killing machine structure, prong I gos deep into soil layer, before rotating under power drive Into the garlic of cauline leaf will be cut off from being dug underground, and the design guarantee of rotation always has row's prong I to work under soil, so that garlic Operation is carried out continuously.Due to the gap of design prong I, prong II, so garlic is left behind, and soil then has fallen, and completes Garlic is tracked down and recovered, simultaneously because prong I at work as rotary cultivator, plays the role of farming to arable land indirectly.
The characteristics of present invention combination cereal crops combine harvester, requires in conjunction with the plantation characteristic and harvest of garlic, can be same When accomplish the chopping and returnings such as earth's surface cauline leaf, garlic cuts stem, collection and one, at the same can add by soil deep ploughing loosen the soil, accomplish Efficiently, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view that fork roller and conveying fork roller are tracked down and recovered in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is seedling killing machine structure structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is operation schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure: a, seedling killing machine structure;B, comb formula prong harvesting mechanism is rolled;1, rack;2, fork roller is tracked down and recovered;2-1, shaft I;2- 2, disk I;2-3, prong I;3, conveying fork roller;3-1, shaft II;3-2, disk II;3-3, prong II;4, crop collecting tank;4- 1, prong shape interface;4-2, conveyer belt;5, shell;6, screw feeder;7, cutter;8, disintegrating mechanism;8-1, set axis;8-2, crushing knife Piece;8-3, shell is crushed;8-4, particle exit passageway;9, speed increasing mechanism;9-1, big belt wheel;9-2, secondary shaft;9-3, secondary Big belt wheel;9-4, secondary small pulley;9-5, small pulley.
Specific embodiment
It is a specific embodiment of the invention below, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of header, the rolling comb formula prong including seedling killing machine structure a and on rear side of seedling killing machine structure a is received Obtain mechanism b.In conjunction with shown in Fig. 2, rolling comb formula prong harvesting mechanism b includes that rack 1 and be mounted in rack 1 one track down and recover It pitches roller 2 and roller 3 is pitched in two conveyings.
Tracking down and recovering fork roller 2 includes I 2-1 of shaft being mounted in rack 1;I 2-1 of shaft is uniformly fixed with I 2-2 of disk;Disk I 2-2 is upper, and along the center of circle, uniformly there are four radial I 2-3 of prong for fixation.Conveying fork roller 3 includes II 3- of shaft being mounted in rack 1 1;II 3-1 of shaft is uniformly fixed with II 3-2 of disk;Along the center of circle, uniformly there are four radial II 3- of prong for fixation on II 3-2 of disk 3.Conveying fork roller 3 is sequentially arranged in track down and recover fork roller 2 rear side and convey the position of fork roller 3 and successively increase;The fork of two conveying fork rollers 3 The interlaced arrangement of tooth II;II 3-3 of prong of I 2-3 of prong and conveying fork roller 3 adjacent thereto that track down and recover fork roller 2 are interlaced Arrangement.The II 3-3 length of prong of the conveying fork roller 3 adjacent with fork roller 2 is tracked down and recovered is greater than the I 2-3 length of prong for tracking down and recovering fork roller 2, and And the end of II 3-3 of prong of this conveying fork roller 3 extend into the inside for tracking down and recovering fork 2 disk of roller, I 2-2.Roller 3 is pitched in the conveying of rear side II 3-3 length of prong be greater than front side conveying fork roller 3 II 3-3 length of prong, also, rear side conveying fork roller 3 prong The inside of conveying fork 3 disk of roller, II 3-2 of front side is protruded into the end of II 3-3.Crop is equipped in the rear side of the conveying fork roller 3 of rear side Collecting tank 4;Crop collecting tank 4 and conveying fork 3 joint of roller are equipped with the prong shape interlaced with conveying fork 3 prong of roller, II 3-3 Interface 4-1;Crop collecting tank 4 has conveyer belt 4-2.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, seedling killing machine structure a includes cylindric shell 5;Screw feeder 6, shell 5 are installed in shell 5 It is provided with a notch on the cylindrical surface of front side, has cutter 7 in 5 notch of shell;6 one end of screw feeder is equipped with disintegrating mechanism 8.Separately Outside, the drive pulley of a transmission is fitted in the same side of 6 shaft of I 2-1 of shaft, II 3-1 of shaft and screw feeder.
The powder that disintegrating mechanism 8 specifically includes the rotatable set axis 8-1 covered in 6 shaft of screw feeder, is fixed on set axis 8-1 Broken blade 8-2 and cover on the crushing shell 8-3 that Disintegrating knife 8-2 is outer and is connected to shell 5;It is connected on rear side of shell 8-3 crushing There is particle exit passageway 8-4.
It is covered in disintegrating mechanism 8 between axis 8-1 and 6 shaft of screw feeder and is connected with speed increasing mechanism 9;Speed increasing mechanism 9 includes being mounted on Big belt wheel 9-1 of 6 shaft of screw feeder close to one end of disintegrating mechanism 8;Secondary shaft 9-2 is installed in the side big belt wheel 9-1;It is secondary The secondary small pulley 9-4 for being equipped with secondary big belt wheel 9-3 on shaft 9-2 and being connect with big belt wheel 9-1;Axis is covered in disintegrating mechanism 8 The end of 8-1 is equipped with the small pulley 9-5 connecting with secondary big belt wheel 9-3.
As shown in connection with fig. 4, this header is driven by walking mechanism, and elevator is connected between header and walking mechanism Structure.Walking mechanism uses crawler type, guarantees that machine works under circumstances, moreover it is possible to effective protection arable land.
Seedling killing machine structure mainly includes cutter, screw feeder and disintegrating mechanism.Cutter is located at the preceding lower end of seedling killing machine structure, and when work keeps Level, apart from ground 3CM-5CM, effect is to cut garlic ground cauline leaf, guarantees the normal operation of harvesting mechanism below, cuts Disconnected cauline leaf is by pulverizer chopping and returning.
I width of prong for tracking down and recovering fork roller is different and different according to the type of harvesting crops with spacing, such as harvests garlic, width For 2.5CM or so, spacing 3.5CM or so, and potato, onion class are then big.I length of prong is made at 15-20CM, base area The buried depth of object designs.It tracks down and recovers fork roller to fall simultaneously in operation with seedling killing machine structure, prong I gos deep into soil layer, in power drive Under be rotationally advancing, the garlic of cauline leaf will be cut off from being dug underground, the design guarantee of rotation always has row's prong I to work under soil, It is carried out continuously so that playing garlic operation.Due between design prong I gap, so garlic is left behind, and soil then has fallen, complete At tracking down and recovering for garlic, simultaneously because prong I at work as rotary cultivator, plays the role of farming to arable land indirectly.
Two conveyings fork rollers and one track down and recover fork roller, rotating Vortex, the crops such as garlic that when work tracks down and recovers by prong I, II staggeredly transmits, and falls into crop collecting tank after being one conveying fork roller of rear side.
Crop collecting tank is the last part of header, and width is identical as one conveying fork roller of rear side, is collected in crop The Position Design prong shape interface that slot is contacted with rear side one conveying fork roller, prong shape interface are and one conveying fork roller of rear side Harvesting crops, are finally collected into crop collecting tank by the interlaced arc prong structure of prong II.Pacify under crop harvest slot After dress conveyer belt concentrates harvesting crops, the crop case after being conveyed once again to walking mechanism completes the harvest operation of crop.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of header for excavating machine of underground tuber combining, including seedling killing machine structure (a), it is characterised in that: described It is equipped on rear side of seedling killing machine structure (a) and rolls comb formula prong harvesting mechanism (b);
The rolling comb formula prong harvesting mechanism (b) include rack (1) and be mounted on rack (1) tracking down and recovering fork roller (2) and Conveying fork roller (3);
Fork roller (2) of tracking down and recovering includes the shaft I (2-1) being mounted on rack (1);The shaft I (2-1) is uniformly fixed There is disk I (2-2);More than four radial prongs I (2-3) are uniformly fixed on the disk I (2-2) along the center of circle;
Conveying fork roller (3) includes the shaft II (3-1) being mounted on rack (1);The shaft II (3-1) is uniformly solid Surely there is disk II (3-2);More than four radial II (3- of prong are uniformly fixed on the disk II (3-2) along the center of circle 3);
Described conveying fork roller (3) shares multiple, and conveying fork roller (3), which is sequentially arranged in, to be tracked down and recovered on rear side of fork roller (2) and convey fork The position of roller (3) successively increases;The interlaced arrangement of prong II of roller (3) is pitched in conveying described in adjacent two;It is described to track down and recover fork roller (2) prong II (3-3) interlaced arrangement of prong I (2-3) and conveying fork roller (3) adjacent thereto;
The rear side of conveying fork roller (3) of most rear side is equipped with crop collecting tank (4);
(3-3) length of prong II of conveying fork roller (3) adjacent with fork roller (2) is tracked down and recovered is greater than the I (2- of prong for tracking down and recovering fork roller (2) 3) length;(3-3) length of prong II that conveying fork roller (3) of rear side in roller (3) is pitched in conveying described in adjacent two is greater than front side Prong II (3-3) length of conveying fork roller (3).
2. the header according to claim 1 for excavating machine of underground tuber combining, it is characterised in that: described kills Rice seedling distribution mechanism (a) includes cylindric shell (5);It is equipped with screw feeder (6) in the shell (5), the cylindrical surface on front side of shell (5) On be provided with a notch, in shell (5), notch has cutter (7);Described screw feeder (6) one end is equipped with disintegrating mechanism (8).
3. the header according to claim 2 for excavating machine of underground tuber combining, it is characterised in that: the powder Broken mechanism (8) include cover in screw feeder (6) shaft set axis (8-1), be fixed on set axis (8-1) on Disintegrating knife (8-2) and The crushing shell (8-3) for covering on Disintegrating knife (8-2) and being connected to outside and with shell (5);Connect on rear side of the crushing shell (8-3) It is connected to particle exit passageway (8-4).
4. the header according to claim 3 for excavating machine of underground tuber combining, it is characterised in that: the powder Speed increasing mechanism (9) are connected between set axis (8-1) and screw feeder (6) shaft in broken mechanism (8);The speed increasing mechanism (9) includes It is mounted on big belt wheel (9-1) of screw feeder (6) shaft close to one end of disintegrating mechanism (8);Pacify in the big belt wheel side (9-1) Equipped with secondary shaft (9-2);Secondary big belt wheel (9-3) is installed in the secondary shaft (9-2) and is connected with big belt wheel (9-1) The secondary small pulley (9-4) connect;The end of set axis (8-1) is equipped with and secondary big belt wheel (9-3) in the disintegrating mechanism (8) The small pulley (9-5) of connection.
5. the header according to claim 1 for excavating machine of underground tuber combining, it is characterised in that: the work Object collecting tank (4) is equipped with the prong shape interlaced with conveying fork II (3-3) of roller (3) prong with conveying fork roller (3) joint and connects Mouth (4-1).
6. the header according to claim 1 for excavating machine of underground tuber combining, it is characterised in that: the work Object collecting tank (4) has conveyer belt (4-2).
7. the header according to claim 1 for excavating machine of underground tuber combining, it is characterised in that: described is defeated It send there are two forks roller (3).
CN201610075515.7A 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Header CN105684628B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610075515.7A CN105684628B (en) 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Header

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105684628B true CN105684628B (en) 2019-02-19

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4274247A (en) * 1977-10-12 1981-06-23 Veb Kombinat Fortschritt, Landmaschinen Windrow-forming harvester
CN2137424Y (en) * 1992-08-26 1993-07-07 周殿才 Roller-tooth type collector for standing grain
CN1528113A (en) * 2003-10-17 2004-09-15 崔相龙 Header with propulsion screw
CN201182092Y (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-01-21 郭刚 Header for corn and soybean seed harvester
RU2372769C1 (en) * 2008-04-07 2009-11-20 ГНУ "Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт кормов им. В.Р. Вильямса" Device for bulk preservatives introduction
CN201595162U (en) * 2010-01-30 2010-10-06 白学宗 Special device for producing fodder of seed watermelon
CN202310612U (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-07-11 江苏沃得农业机械有限公司 Throwing device for auger on header of harvester

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104663105B (en) * 2015-01-22 2017-01-04 星光农机股份有限公司 A kind of handpiece structure and comprise the hot pickled mustard tube harvester of handpiece structure

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4274247A (en) * 1977-10-12 1981-06-23 Veb Kombinat Fortschritt, Landmaschinen Windrow-forming harvester
CN2137424Y (en) * 1992-08-26 1993-07-07 周殿才 Roller-tooth type collector for standing grain
CN1528113A (en) * 2003-10-17 2004-09-15 崔相龙 Header with propulsion screw
CN201182092Y (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-01-21 郭刚 Header for corn and soybean seed harvester
RU2372769C1 (en) * 2008-04-07 2009-11-20 ГНУ "Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт кормов им. В.Р. Вильямса" Device for bulk preservatives introduction
CN201595162U (en) * 2010-01-30 2010-10-06 白学宗 Special device for producing fodder of seed watermelon
CN202310612U (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-07-11 江苏沃得农业机械有限公司 Throwing device for auger on header of harvester

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