CN105600668A - Iron chain hoisting system and hoisting method specifically used for super-huge tees with soil balls - Google Patents

Iron chain hoisting system and hoisting method specifically used for super-huge tees with soil balls Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105600668A
CN105600668A CN201510751733.3A CN201510751733A CN105600668A CN 105600668 A CN105600668 A CN 105600668A CN 201510751733 A CN201510751733 A CN 201510751733A CN 105600668 A CN105600668 A CN 105600668A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chain
main chain
hoisting
iron
shortener
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201510751733.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘鹃
刘亚杰
杨凯
钟晋
陈震豪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANGHAI SHENDI GARDEN INVESTMENT CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI SHENDI GARDEN INVESTMENT CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by SHANGHAI SHENDI GARDEN INVESTMENT CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd filed Critical SHANGHAI SHENDI GARDEN INVESTMENT CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510751733.3A priority Critical patent/CN105600668A/en
Publication of CN105600668A publication Critical patent/CN105600668A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides an iron chain hoisting system and a hoisting method specifically used for super-huge tees with soil balls. The iron chain hoisting system is low in manufacturing cost, and simple in structure, is convenient to use, and is capable of satisfying hoisting requirements of super-huge tee with soil balls. The iron chain hoisting system comprises a transverse main chain; the main chain comprises an upper main chain and a lower main chain; the upper main chain and the lower main chain are connected with longitudinal side chains; the upper main chain is composed of a plurality of long iron chains with equal length and power rings in an alternate connection manner; the lower main chain is composed of an iron chain, a power ring, and a hook-like chain shortener; each side chain is composed of an iron chain and a chain shortener arranged on the two ends of the corresponding iron chain; head-to-tail connection and fastening of chains are realized via shackles; the iron chain hoisting system also comprises a double hoisting chain; the upper end of the double hoisting chain is provided with a power ring, and the lower ends of the double hoisting chain are provided with lifting hooks; the upper end of the double hoisting chain is connected with a crane beam lifting hook and a belt via a lengthened hoisting chain, and the lower end lifting hooks are used for hooking the power rings of the upper main chain; the upper end of the lengthened hosting chain is provided with a power ring, and the lower end is provided with a hook; and the other end of the belt is connected with a tree trunk.

Description

A kind of iron chains tackling system and hoisting method for the native ball trees of super-huge band
Technical field
Lifting technology while the present invention relates to safe transfer trees, relates in particular to a kind of for the native ball trees of super-huge bandIron chains tackling system and hoisting method.
Background technology
In the migration process of trees, hoisting transportation is one of important step wherein. But for super-huge trees, adopt traditionalBundle rope or net sheet hanger system, not only easily damage trunk, and because native ball is heavier, is easy to cause native ball in the time of liftingBeing damaged deformation, the soil block dropping not only affects the on-the-spot environment of lifting, threatens operating worker safety, more can have a strong impact on large-scale treeThe survival rate of wood, therefore existing tackling system cannot meet the needs of super-huge trees lifting.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of iron chains tackling system that can meet the native ball trees of super-huge bandAnd hoisting method.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of iron chains tackling system for the native ball trees of super-huge band, itsBe characterised in that, comprise horizontal main chain, described main chain comprises main chain and lower main chain, between upper and lower main chain by indulgingTo side chain bar connect; Described upper main chain is cross-linked and is formed by some sections of isometric iron chains and strong ring, and lower main chain is by oneStrong ring of root iron chains and a hook-shaped chain shortener composition, described side chain bar is by an iron chains with respectively at the chain at two endsBar shortener composition; Between each chain, adopting shackle to carry out head and the tail connects and tightens; Also comprise that upper end is strong ring, lower end is for hangingTwo chain slings that rise of hook, its upper end is played chain sling by lengthening and is connected with bandage with crane girder suspension hook, and lower end suspension hook hooks main chainStrong ring; It is strong ring that described lengthening plays chain sling upper end, and lower end is suspension hook; The other end of described bandage is connected with trunk.
When work, roll lifting for the above large-scale tree of 10t, native ball is closely wrapped up by burlap wire netting sheetAfter, lower main chain is firmly bundled in to the native ball lower end of comprehensive parcel burlap wire netting sheet, and passes through the chain on lower main chainShortener adjusting chain length to be enough to fit tightly native ball surface, upper main chain is symmetrical as principle bundle taking strong ringBe tied to the native ball upper end of above-mentioned parcel net sheet, the head and the tail that simultaneously adopt shackle to carry out main chain connect and tighten. By described someThe strong ring of upper main chain is fixed on respectively in side chain bar one end by chain shortener, the other end is more respectively by chain shortenerBe firmly secured to lower main chain.
Subsequently, lengthen on the suspension hook that chain sling is fixed on crane lifting beam, meanwhile, flat bandage has been bundled in to rising of trunkHang stress point, for the protection of trunk, free end is bundled on the suspension hook that has lengthened chain sling. Again two of two chain sling lower ends are hungHook, hooks respectively two strong rings in upper main chain, and the upper end strong ring of two chain slings is fixed on and has lengthened hanging of chain slingOn hook.
Further, for ensureing that tree crown is not subject to the crimping of Lift-on/Lift-off System, can suitably tie up branch. In addition, for ease ofTrees roll balance, can adopt one section of suspender belt to be fixed on main chain under native ball bottom, and the other end is fixed on and has lengthened hanging of chain slingTogether lift by crane at hook place.
Supplement, if for the vertical liftings of trees, can adopt two covers two rise chain slings respectively symmetry be lifted on main chainSymmetrical position strong ring, and by two two covers upper end strong rings that play chain slings, be individually fixed in two and lengthened chain sling, finally by twoCover has lengthened chain sling unification and has been fixed on the suspension hook of crane girder, has completed the vertical lifting of trees, can lengthen lifting if desiredChain upper end fixed triangle frame, to prevent the extruding of iron chains to tree crown 1.
Hoisting method step of the present invention is as follows:
A. described lower main chain is firmly bundled in to the native ball lower end of comprehensive parcel burlap wire netting sheet, and by lower main chainChain shortener adjusting chain length enough to fit tightly native ball surface;
B. upper main chain is bundled in to the native ball upper end of above-mentioned parcel net sheet so that strong ring is symmetrical as principle, adopts and unload simultaneouslyThe head and the tail of tipping the each chain of row in connect and tighten;
C. the strong ring that described some side chain bars one end is fixed on respectively to upper main chain by chain shortener, the other end divides againBe not firmly secured to lower main chain by chain shortener;
D., while lifting, work by crane and Lift-on/Lift-off System the strong ring that hangs on main chain and can realize lifting and the transplanting of trees.
Iron chains tackling system and the hoisting method of the native ball trees of super-huge band of the present invention have following beneficial effect:
Iron chains system low cost of manufacture, simple in structure, easy to use, can be mass, very applicable promoting the use of, can meet specialThe lifting of large-scale band soil ball trees needs;
Described hoisting method has met vertical or has rolled the needs that lift the native ball trees of super-huge band, and operating process very justVictory, has improved lifting efficiency widely, has reduced human cost, has prevented destruction and the distortion of native ball simultaneously. Of the present inventionThe method of hanging can be lifted by crane at scene after the native ball of trees excavates, wrapped up.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the general structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the upper main chain of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the lower main chain of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the side chain bar of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the shackle of the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure: 1. tree crown; 2. trunk; 3. native ball; 4. net sheet; 5. a pair chain sling; 6. bandage;
7. lengthened chain sling; 8. crane girder; 9. iron chains; 10. strong ring; 11. chain shorteners;
12. shackles; L1. go up main chain; L2. descend main chain; L3. side chain bar.
Detailed description of the invention
As Figure 1-5, the present invention includes horizontal main chain, described main chain comprises main chain L1 and lower main chainL2, is connected by longitudinal side chain bar L3 between upper and lower main chain; Described upper main chain L1 is by some sections of isometric iron chains 9 and strong ring10 are cross-linked and form, and lower main chain L2 is made up of 9 one strong rings 10 of an iron chains and a hook-shaped chain shortener 11, instituteStating side chain bar L3 forms by an iron chains 9 with respectively at the chain shortener 11 at two ends; Between each chain, adopt shackle 12 to carry outHead and the tail connect and tighten; Also comprise that upper end is strong ring, two chain slings 5 that rise that lower end is suspension hook, chain sling 7 is played by lengthening in its upper endBe connected with bandage 6 with crane girder 8 suspension hooks, lower end suspension hook hooks the strong ring of main chain L1; Described lengthening plays chain sling 7 upper endsStrong ring, lower end is suspension hook; The other end of described bandage 6 is connected with trunk 2.
After native ball 3 closely being wrapped up by burlap wire netting sheet when work, lower main chain L2 is firmly bundled in to native ball 3 timesEnd, and by the chain shortener 11 adjusting chain length on lower main chain L2 enough to fit tightly native ball 3 surfaces, then by upperMain chain L1 is bundled in native ball 3 upper ends of above-mentioned parcel net sheet so that strong ring is symmetrical as principle, adopts shackle 12 to enter simultaneouslyThe head and the tail of the each chain of row connect and tighten. Upper master is fixed on to by chain shortener 11 respectively in described some side chain bar L3 one endThe strong ring 10 of chain L1, the other end is firmly secured to lower main chain by chain shortener 11 respectively again.
Subsequently, lengthen on the suspension hook that chain sling 7 is fixed on crane lifting beam, meanwhile, flat bandage 6 has been bundled in to trunk 2Lifting stress point, for the protection of trunk, free end is bundled on the suspension hook that has lengthened chain sling 7. Again by two chain slings 5 lower endsTwo suspension hooks, hook respectively two strong rings 10 in upper main chain L1, and the upper end strong ring of two chain slings 5 is fixed on to lengtheningRise on the suspension hook of chain sling 7. If desired, tree crown 1 is tied up to protection.

Claims (2)

1. for an iron chains tackling system for the native ball trees of super-huge band, it is characterized in that, comprise horizontal main chain, described inMain chain comprises main chain and lower main chain, between upper and lower main chain, is connected by longitudinal side chain bar; Described upper main chain bySome sections of isometric iron chains and strong ring are cross-linked and form, and lower main chain is by strong ring of an iron chains and a hook-shaped chainShortener composition, described side chain bar forms by an iron chains with respectively at the chain shortener at two ends; Between each chain, adopt and unloadTipping row head and the tail in connects and tightens; Also comprise that upper end is strong ring, two chain slings that rise that lower end is suspension hook, rise by lengthening its upper endChain sling is connected with bandage with crane girder suspension hook, and lower end suspension hook hooks the strong ring of main chain; Described lengthening plays chain sling upper endStrong ring, lower end is suspension hook; The other end of described bandage is connected with trunk.
2. the hoisting method step for the iron chains tackling system of the native ball trees of super-huge band is as follows:
Described lower main chain is firmly bundled in to the native ball lower end of comprehensive parcel burlap wire netting sheet, and passes through on lower main chainChain shortener adjusting chain length is enough to fit tightly native ball surface;
Upper main chain is bundled in to the native ball upper end of above-mentioned parcel net sheet so that strong ring is symmetrical as principle, adopts shackle simultaneouslyThe head and the tail that carry out each chain connect and tighten;
The strong ring that described some side chain bars one end is fixed on respectively to upper main chain by chain shortener, the other end is distinguished againBe firmly secured to lower main chain by chain shortener;
When lifting, work by crane and Lift-on/Lift-off System the strong ring that hangs on main chain and can realize lifting and the transplanting of trees.
CN201510751733.3A 2015-11-09 2015-11-09 Iron chain hoisting system and hoisting method specifically used for super-huge tees with soil balls Pending CN105600668A (en)

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CN201510751733.3A CN105600668A (en) 2015-11-09 2015-11-09 Iron chain hoisting system and hoisting method specifically used for super-huge tees with soil balls

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106962099A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-07-21 保山市美景园艺有限责任公司 A kind of method for transplanting of megaphanerophyte
CN107555307A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-01-09 河南省大方重型机器有限公司 Pulley-type spherical component special hanger
CN109588258A (en) * 2016-10-15 2019-04-09 张晚霞 Using the method for suspender support auxiliary lumbering
CN110036865A (en) * 2019-05-14 2019-07-23 安徽省大地园林股份有限公司 A kind of bundle and package device preventing rare tree species transplanting root damage

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1094890A (en) * 1966-10-20 1967-12-13 Newman Christopher John Apparatus for the transplanting of trees and the like
GB1160215A (en) * 1967-01-25 1969-08-06 E F G Instant Trees Ltd Former Improvements In The Transplanting Of Trees
JPH089798A (en) * 1994-07-05 1996-01-16 Wako Sangyo Kk Root ball fixer in tree supporter
DE20309239U1 (en) * 2003-06-14 2003-09-11 Fabritz Gerhard Hoist for heavy loads has four chains with hooks to secure the chain extensions positioned around the load
CN202918796U (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-05-08 颜昌绪 Hanging protecting string bag based on tree transplanting
CN103395682A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-20 上海申迪园林投资建设有限公司 Lifting hook system and lifting method of tree with soil ball
CN203675782U (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-07-02 浙江元成园林集团股份有限公司 Soil ball bag for covering soil ball during nursery stock conveying
CN203723189U (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-07-23 大连润璟苗木绿化工程有限公司 Lifting device for moving trees planted in gardens

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1094890A (en) * 1966-10-20 1967-12-13 Newman Christopher John Apparatus for the transplanting of trees and the like
GB1160215A (en) * 1967-01-25 1969-08-06 E F G Instant Trees Ltd Former Improvements In The Transplanting Of Trees
JPH089798A (en) * 1994-07-05 1996-01-16 Wako Sangyo Kk Root ball fixer in tree supporter
DE20309239U1 (en) * 2003-06-14 2003-09-11 Fabritz Gerhard Hoist for heavy loads has four chains with hooks to secure the chain extensions positioned around the load
CN202918796U (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-05-08 颜昌绪 Hanging protecting string bag based on tree transplanting
CN103395682A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-20 上海申迪园林投资建设有限公司 Lifting hook system and lifting method of tree with soil ball
CN203675782U (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-07-02 浙江元成园林集团股份有限公司 Soil ball bag for covering soil ball during nursery stock conveying
CN203723189U (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-07-23 大连润璟苗木绿化工程有限公司 Lifting device for moving trees planted in gardens

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109588258A (en) * 2016-10-15 2019-04-09 张晚霞 Using the method for suspender support auxiliary lumbering
CN109588258B (en) * 2016-10-15 2020-09-25 张晚霞 Method for assisting lumbering by adopting lifting appliance bracket
CN106962099A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-07-21 保山市美景园艺有限责任公司 A kind of method for transplanting of megaphanerophyte
CN107555307A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-01-09 河南省大方重型机器有限公司 Pulley-type spherical component special hanger
CN107555307B (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-08-14 河南大方重型装备有限公司 Pulley-type spherical component special hanger
CN110036865A (en) * 2019-05-14 2019-07-23 安徽省大地园林股份有限公司 A kind of bundle and package device preventing rare tree species transplanting root damage

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