CN105532540A - High-yield circulation aquaculture system - Google Patents

High-yield circulation aquaculture system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105532540A
CN105532540A CN201610033191.0A CN201610033191A CN105532540A CN 105532540 A CN105532540 A CN 105532540A CN 201610033191 A CN201610033191 A CN 201610033191A CN 105532540 A CN105532540 A CN 105532540A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
aquaculture
water
pond
aquatic products
sewage
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610033191.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105532540B (en
Inventor
王裕杰
潘时越
潘晶
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溧阳天目湖华邦生态农业科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610033191.0A priority Critical patent/CN105532540B/en
Publication of CN105532540A publication Critical patent/CN105532540A/en
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Publication of CN105532540B publication Critical patent/CN105532540B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A high-yield circulation aquaculture system is characterized by being mainly composed of an aquaculture pond (1) and a culture water treatment backflow device (2). The lower portion of the aquaculture pond (1) is provided with an aquatic product fecal sewage outlet (4). The aquatic product fecal sewage outlet (4) is communicated with a water inlet of the culture water treatment backflow device (2) through a pipeline (5) and meanwhile communicated with a waste discharge pipe (6). The inlet end of the waste discharge pipe (6) is communicated with a sludge discharge outlet in the lower portion of the culture water treatment backflow device (2). The pipeline (5) is provided with a backwash stop valve (9), and an adjustable stop valve (10) is installed on the waste discharge pipe (6). The culture water treatment backflow device (2) is composed of a settling pond (7) on the lower portion, a filter layer (11) in the middle and a purification oxygenation pond (12) on the upper portion. The high-yield circulation aquaculture system has the advantages of being small in occupied area, small in water consumption, high in yield and free of environmental pollution.

Description

Aquatic products high yield recirculation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aquaculture technology, especially a kind of marketable fish cultivator, specifically a kind of aquatic products high yield recirculation system.
Background technology
At present, utilizing booth culturing pool to carry out, aquatic products supports is improve the feasible important means of total fish catches.Booth culturing pool carries out aquaculture it is crucial that want to be cleared up by the excreta that aquatic products produces in time, discharged outside pond in time, generally should more than 24 hours, otherwise the high temperature in canopy is easy to cause fermentation, affect Water quality, can cause fish because of anoxic Large Scale Death, current to this, conventional way is a kind of is constantly drained by the sewage at the bottom of pond, constantly supplement new water, this method can cause water consumption sustainable growth, and just aquaculture cost is high, also can to environment if sewage is not processed direct discharge, on the other hand because water temperature in supplementary new water water temperature and pond is inconsistent, fish can produce stress reaction and affect and grow, even cause death.Another kind method recycles, system is utilized as Chinese patent 201410585119X discloses a kind of effluent cycle, not only solve the problem of waste water treatment, and achieve and recycle, multiple aquatic products cover is supported and proportion of crop planting, and overall economic efficiency is fairly obvious, but this system Problems existing is that floor space is large, at least need the circulation that the land used of 15 mu just can be realized ideal, be difficult in the area that some land resourcess are in short supply promote.Therefore, realizing the utilization of aquaculture excreta sewage treatment and recovery is the key improving aquaculture level.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the large problem of the excreta intractability existed in existing booth aquaculture, both floor space was little for design one.Can effectively process the impact of emissions reduction on environment to excreta sewage again, aquatic products can also be reduced simultaneously the aquatic products high yield recirculation system with waste water treatment that growth rate reduces lethality is improved to the stress reaction of fresh water.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of aquatic products high yield recirculation system, it is characterized in that it produces primarily of supplying water to be back to after the long aquaculture pond 1 of band canopy and the waste water for producing aquatic process in aquaculture pond 1 to reduce aquatic products to fresh water stress reaction thus minimizing lethality, the aquaculture water process reflux 2 accelerating aquatic products growth forms, the top of described aquaculture pond 1 is provided with and intakes and oxygen increasing tube 3 with the new water of its mating shapes, the bottom of aquaculture pond 1 is provided with aquatic products excreta sewage outlet 4, while aquatic products excreta sewage outlet 4 is connected with the water inlet of aquaculture water process reflux 2 by pipeline 5, comb 6 outer with refuse is connected, the entrance point of the outer comb 6 of refuse is arranged mouth outward with the mud of aquaculture water process reflux 2 bottom simultaneously and is connected, with the excremental sewage of aquatic products from pipeline 5 enter the sedimentation basin 7 of aquaculture water process reflux 2 bottom heavy fixed after the sediment that produces enter comb 6 refuse from the sewage draining exit 8 of bottom and further process by comb 6 outside discharging refuse under the scouring force effect of sewage that enters in pipeline 5 or recycled as aquatile feed, pipeline 5 is provided with backwash stop valve 9, and the outer comb 6 of refuse is provided with adjustable cutoff and closes 10, the aperture of adjustable stop valve 10 should ensure that the normal discharge of refuse does not affect again the normal water inlet of aquaculture water process reflux 2, described aquaculture water process reflux 2 is by the sedimentation basin 7 of bottom, the filter course 11 at middle part and the clean-up oxygenation pond 12 on top form, nanometer clean-up oxygenation device 13 is installed in clean-up oxygenation pond 12, precipitate through sedimentation basin 7 with the excremental sewage of aquatic products, the sewage draining exit 8 of graininess excreta through sedimentation basin bottom is discharged, sewage enters filter course 11 to carry out the cleaned impurity that filters and enters in clean-up oxygenation pond 12, water after purification flows out in spurting under the effect of nanometer clean-up oxygenation device 13, be back in aquaculture pond 1 by the overfall in clean-up oxygenation pond 12 or conduit again, using water wisely is to reduce aquaculture cost on the one hand, element on the other hand owing to being familiar with containing aquatic products in recirculation water is easily accepted by aquatic products and not easily produces stress reaction, be conducive to reducing lethality, improve growth rate.
Described clean-up oxygenation pond 12 is square structure, and its length of side is greater than the diameter of filter course 11.
Described sedimentation basin 7 is in routine cone structure, and sewage inlet is positioned at the side of cone, and sewage draining exit 8 is positioned at its positive bottom.
The side lower part fishing mouth 14 of described aquaculture pond 1, fishing mouth 14 is provided with and puts fish valve, put diversion bag fish valve being connected with and fish being introduced Sheng fish container, needs to change only need tie diversion bag when containing fish container and put fish valve without the need to closing.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Present invention incorporates the advantage of ecologic breeding, have again floor space little, producing mud after process can again can as feed as fertilizer.
The present invention not only saves breeding water in a large number, and can reduce the stress reaction of fish, reduces lethality, improves growth rate, is conducive to improving cultured output and quality.
The present invention also solves by increasing fishing mouth the difficult problem needing for a long time manually to descend pond to fish, only need open valve can realize quick fishing, the amount of labour used of original tens people's fishings can be dropped to only needs two, three people to realize, substantially increase production efficiency, and the lethality that can significantly reduce in the process of fishing for, increase economic efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is system architecture schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated.
As shown in Figure 1.
A kind of aquatic products high yield recirculation system, it is not shown primarily of ceiling in band canopy aquaculture pond 1(figure) and aquaculture water process reflux 2 composition be with the aquaculture pond 1 of canopy for putting aquatic products (mainly economic fish in a suitable place to breed, as snakeheaded fish, grass carp, carp etc.), aquaculture water process reflux 2 be mainly used in aquatic produce waste water process after be back in aquaculture pond 1 with reduces aquatic products to fresh water stress reaction thus reduce lethality, accelerate aquatic products grow, as shown in Figure 1.The top of aquaculture pond 1 is provided with and intakes and oxygen increasing tube 3 with the new water of its mating shapes, water inlet and half oxygen pipe 3 with show in booth crawl the device that uses and structure identical.Aquatic products excreta sewage outlet 4 is provided with in the bottom of aquaculture pond 1, while aquatic products excreta sewage outlet 4 is connected with the water inlet of aquaculture water process reflux 2 by pipeline 5, comb 6 outer with refuse is connected, the entrance point of the outer comb 6 of refuse is arranged mouth outward with the mud of aquaculture water process reflux 2 bottom simultaneously and is connected, with the excremental sewage of aquatic products from pipeline 5 enter the sedimentation basin 7 of aquaculture water process reflux 2 bottom heavy fixed after the sediment that produces enter comb 6 refuse from the sewage draining exit 8 of bottom and further process by comb 6 outside discharging refuse under the scouring force effect of sewage that enters in pipeline 5 or recycled as aquatile feed, pipeline 5 is provided with backwash stop valve 9, the outer comb 6 of refuse is provided with adjustable cutoff and closes 10, the aperture of adjustable stop valve 10 should ensure that the normal discharge of refuse does not affect again the normal water inlet of aquaculture water process reflux 2, makes the outer comb 6 of pipeline 5 and refuse keep being communicated with also helping the particle precipitated in pipeline 5 is gone out the blocking preventing pipeline 5 herein, when carrying out backwash, backwash stop valve 9 is closed, and adjustable stop valve 10 is opened completely, and backwash stop valve 9 and adjustable stop valve 10 can adopt hand-operated valve also can adopt electrically operated valve.Described aquaculture water process reflux 2 is made up of the square clean-up oxygenation pond 12 on the sedimentation basin 7 of bottom, the filter course 11 at middle part and top, clean-up oxygenation pond 12 should be greater than the size of filter course 11, precipitation is let out and is generally designed to inverted cone-shaped structure, sewage inlet is positioned at the side of cone, and sewage draining exit 8 is positioned at its positive bottom.Filter course 11 is generally drum-shaped structure, and the filtrate in filter course 11 can adopt existing technology to design, and is generally made up of quartz sand layer, activated carbon layer, filter cap etc.The Totalweight.9kg type that nanometer clean-up oxygenation device 13(model can adopt Totalweight.9kg company to produce is installed) in clean-up oxygenation pond 12, precipitate through sedimentation basin 7 with the excremental sewage of aquatic products, the sewage draining exit 8 of graininess excreta through sedimentation basin bottom is discharged, sewage enters filter course 11 to carry out the cleaned impurity that filters and enters in clean-up oxygenation pond 12, water after purification flows out in spurting under the effect of nanometer clean-up oxygenation device 13, be back in aquaculture pond 1 by the overfall in clean-up oxygenation pond 12 or conduit again, using water wisely is to reduce aquaculture cost on the one hand, element on the other hand owing to being familiar with containing aquatic products in recirculation water is easily accepted by aquatic products and not easily produces stress reaction, be conducive to reducing lethality, improve growth rate.Aquaculture water process reflux 2 carries out timing backwash.Backwashing technology is also identical with existing similar sewage-treatment plant.In addition, be also provided with stop valve 15 at pipeline 5 on the port of export of sedimentation basin 7, closedown stop valve 15 is opened stop valve 9 and 10 and can directly be rinsed pipeline 5 and 6, is gone out by sediments wherein.
In order to improve fishing efficiency, reduce the amount of labour used, the present invention also fishes mouth 14 at the side lower part of aquaculture pond 1 and excavates one and plays fish passage, fishing mouth 14 is provided with and puts fish valve, put diversion bag fish valve being connected with and fish being introduced Sheng fish container, need only need tie diversion bag and put fish valve without the need to closing when changing Sheng fish container.Catching season to opening, only needing an operator to enter in fish passage and opening fishing valve, Sheng fish frame is placed on the below of diversion bag, fish can flow in frame with current, when the fish in frame fills, only water conservancy diversion sack need be tied, start lifting appliance and fish frame has been hung out fish passage, put new fish frame, unclamping diversion bag can fish again, due to the effect of current, fish can be flowed out with current, meanwhile, also can fish be caught up with to fishing mouth, to enhance productivity with net in culturing pool.
The part that the present invention does not relate to prior art that maybe can adopt all same as the prior art is realized.

Claims (4)

1. an aquatic products high yield recirculation system, it is characterized in that it produces primarily of supplying water to be back to after long aquaculture pond (1) and the waste water for producing aquatic process in aquaculture pond (1) to reduce aquatic products to fresh water stress reaction thus minimizing lethality, accelerate aquaculture water process reflux (2) composition of aquatic products growth, the top of described aquaculture pond (1) is provided with and intakes and oxygen increasing tube (3) with the new water of its mating shapes, the bottom of aquaculture pond (1) is provided with aquatic products excreta sewage outlet (4), while aquatic products excreta sewage outlet (4) is connected with the water inlet of aquaculture water process reflux (2) by pipeline (5), comb (6) outer with refuse is connected, the entrance point of the outer comb (6) of refuse is arranged mouth outward with the mud of aquaculture water process reflux (2) bottom simultaneously and is connected, with the excremental sewage of aquatic products from pipeline (5) enter the sedimentation basin (7) of aquaculture water process reflux (2) bottom heavy fixed after the sediment that produces enter comb refuse (6) from the sewage draining exit (8) of bottom and further process by comb (6) outside discharging refuse under the scouring force effect of sewage that enters in pipeline (5) or recycled as aquatile feed, pipeline (5) is provided with backwash stop valve (9), the outer comb (6) of refuse is provided with adjustable cutoff close (10), the aperture of adjustable stop valve (10) should ensure that the normal discharge of refuse does not affect again the normal water inlet of aquaculture water process reflux (2), described aquaculture water process reflux (2) is by the sedimentation basin (7) of bottom, the filter course (11) at middle part and clean-up oxygenation pond (12) composition on top, in clean-up oxygenation pond (12), nanometer clean-up oxygenation device (13) is installed, precipitate through sedimentation basin (7) with the excremental sewage of aquatic products, the sewage draining exit (8) of graininess excreta through sedimentation basin bottom is discharged, sewage enters filter course (11) to carry out the cleaned impurity that filters and enters in clean-up oxygenation pond (12), water after purification flows out in spurting under the effect of nanometer clean-up oxygenation device (13), be back in aquaculture pond (1) by the overfall in clean-up oxygenation pond (12) or conduit again.
2. aquatic products high yield recirculation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described clean-up oxygenation pond (12) is square structure, its length of side is greater than the diameter of filter course (11).
3. aquatic products high yield recirculation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described sedimentation basin (7) is in routine cone structure, sewage inlet is positioned at the side of cone, and sewage draining exit (8) is positioned at its positive bottom.
4. aquatic products high yield recirculation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that side lower part fishing mouth (14) of described aquaculture pond (1), fishing mouth (14) is provided with and puts fish valve, put diversion bag fish valve being connected with and fish being introduced Sheng fish container, need only need tie diversion bag and put fish valve without the need to closing when changing Sheng fish container.
CN201610033191.0A 2016-01-19 2016-01-19 Aquatic products high yield recirculation system CN105532540B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109275611A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-01-29 盐城工业职业技术学院 It is a kind of used for aquiculture to channel catfish cultivation apparatus

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CN203860253U (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-10-08 山东海城生态科技集团有限公司 Water circulation system for aquaculture
CN203934513U (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-11-12 天津正跃水产储养有限公司 With the aquaculture system of wastewater treatment equipment
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CN204232097U (en) * 2014-07-04 2015-04-01 福建省农业科学院中心实验室 A kind of aeration cycle water cultivating system
CN104585097A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-06 青岛中科海水处理有限公司 Circulating aquaculture device and method
CN204682216U (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-10-07 云南农业大学 A kind of anti-unrestrained fish culture device
CN205511614U (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-08-31 溧阳天目湖华邦生态农业科技有限公司 High yield circulation farming systems of aquatic products

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW282389B (en) * 1995-10-30 1996-08-01 Liaw Yih Jeou Production method and apparatus for raising fish fry
TWM285213U (en) * 2005-08-26 2006-01-11 Shiun-Yi Juang Circulating water system
RU2006142235A (en) * 2006-11-29 2008-06-10 Нонна Георгиевна Журавлева (RU) Complex for growing fish young
CN202819297U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-03-27 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Fish industrial aquaculture water circulation system
CN203860253U (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-10-08 山东海城生态科技集团有限公司 Water circulation system for aquaculture
CN204232097U (en) * 2014-07-04 2015-04-01 福建省农业科学院中心实验室 A kind of aeration cycle water cultivating system
CN203934513U (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-11-12 天津正跃水产储养有限公司 With the aquaculture system of wastewater treatment equipment
CN204090789U (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-14 浙江海洋学院 A kind of aquiculture waste water circulating treating system
CN104304134A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-01-28 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Novel factory type recirculating aquaculture system
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CN204682216U (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-10-07 云南农业大学 A kind of anti-unrestrained fish culture device
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109275611A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-01-29 盐城工业职业技术学院 It is a kind of used for aquiculture to channel catfish cultivation apparatus

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