CN105522434A - Aluminum scrap recycling device - Google Patents

Aluminum scrap recycling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105522434A
CN105522434A CN201510643207.5A CN201510643207A CN105522434A CN 105522434 A CN105522434 A CN 105522434A CN 201510643207 A CN201510643207 A CN 201510643207A CN 105522434 A CN105522434 A CN 105522434A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
magnetic
magnetic separator
dewaterer
fixed
elevator
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CN201510643207.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105522434B (en
Inventor
肖双喜
张苏嵘
张振
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镇江裕久智能装备股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201510643207.5A priority Critical patent/CN105522434B/en
Publication of CN105522434A publication Critical patent/CN105522434A/en
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Publication of CN105522434B publication Critical patent/CN105522434B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/10Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers
    • B03C1/12Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers with magnets moving during operation; with movable pole pieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips

Abstract

The invention relates to an aluminum scrap recycling device which comprises a duplex packing auger, a crusher, a dehydrator, a magnetic separator, a dryer and a melting tank, wherein a first spreading plate lifter is arranged between the duplex packing auger and the crusher; a second spreading plate lifter is arranged between the crusher and the dehydrator; a third spreading plate lifter is arranged between the dehydrator and the magnetic separator; and a fourth spreading plate lifter is arranged between the magnetic separator and the dryer. The aluminum scrap recycling device is used for recycling aluminum scraps, is low in energy consumption, is high in production efficiency, is safe and reliable, and saves cost.

Description

A kind of aluminium bits retracting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aluminium bits retracting device, for the recycling of aluminium bits.
Background technology
When aluminium casting carries out machining, chip accounts for 20% of casting weight, is up to about 30%.Reclaim aluminium bits and can reduce production cost, there is good economic benefit.
A large amount of aluminium bits can be produced during lathe work, the mode processed aluminium bits is at present the aluminium bits collecting box that every platform lathe is equipped with a platform independent, a secondary aluminium bits collecting box within every 4 hours, need be changed, aluminium is considered to be worth doing the aluminium bits collected in collecting box to transport in aluminium bits treatment system and carry out unifying process process, monthly need artificial collecting box of being considered to be worth doing by aluminium to haul out with the sediment inside clear up.There is certain defect in this mode:
1. need artificial replacing and cleaning aluminium bits collecting box every day, add human cost;
2. aluminium bits mix with cuttings liquid and are not easy to be separated, and cuttings liquid waste is more;
3. the aluminium bits collecting box that every platform lathe is equipped with not only takes up room greatly, also needs to spend higher maintenance cost and human cost.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of aluminium to consider retracting device to be worth doing for above drawback, and for the recycling of aluminium bits, energy consumption is low, and production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of aluminium bits retracting device, comprise that duplex stirs, disintegrating machine, dewaterer, magnetic separator, dryer, melting tank, described duplex is stirred and be provided with the first expansion plate elevator between disintegrating machine, the second expansion plate elevator is provided with between disintegrating machine and dewaterer, be provided with the 3rd between dewaterer and magnetic separator and expand plate elevator, be provided with the 4th between magnetic separator and dryer and expand plate elevator;
Described duplex is stirred and is held together to comprise the first housing, cycloid speed reducer and Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, described first housing comprises the first upper shell and the first lower house, described first lower house cross sectional shape is w shape structure, make in the first lower house, to form Liang Gejiaolong mechanism and place cavity, first upper shell is provided with the first hopper, first lower house is provided with the first discharging opening, described Jiao Long mechanism comprises seamless pipe, blade, travelling gear and axle sleeve, described axle sleeve is fixed on the first lower house outer wall, seamless pipe is fixed in the first lower house by axle sleeve, travelling gear is fixed on the external part of seamless pipe, described blade twist vibrational power flow is outside at seamless pipe, the length L1 of described blade is 1600-1800mm, the screw diameter D of blade is 240-260mm, spiral shell spacing L2 between two screw threads that blade is adjacent is 180-200mm, the direction of rotation of the blade of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is identical, what described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism was parallel to each other is arranged in Jiao Long mechanism placement cavity, described cycloid speed reducer is fixedly connected with the external part of seamless pipe by shaft coupling, be connected by the first belt between the travelling gear of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism,
Described disintegrating machine, comprise the second upper shell, second lower house, broken transmission mechanism, material hammer, screen cloth and motor, described second upper shell is pyramidal structure, second upper shell is provided with the second charging aperture, second lower house is provided with the second discharging opening, described broken transmission mechanism comprises transmission main shaft, fixed disk, spacer and material hammer shaft group, the quantity of described fixed disk is 6, fixed disk is fixed on transmission main shaft outside, the quantity of described spacer is 5, be fixed on transmission main shaft outside, between adjacent two fixed disks, a material hammer shaft group is provided with between described two adjacent fixed disks, arrange 5 groups altogether, each material hammer shaft group comprises 4 material hammer shafts, 4 material hammer shafts are that axle center is symmetrical arranged with transmission main shaft, material hammer shaft cover is sheathed with outside described material hammer shaft, material hammer shaft cover and material hammer shaft matched in clearance, material hammer shaft cover is made material hammer shaft to be that axle center is rotated, described transmission main shaft is through lower house, transmission main shaft is fixed on the second lower house by bearing block is rotating, transmission main shaft one end is provided with belt pulley, the other end is provided with balancing disk, described motor is provided with drive plate, be connected by the second belt between drive plate with belt pulley,
Described material hammer comprises material hammer main body, material hammer main body periphery all be provided with 4 hammer leaves, vertically arrange between two adjacent hammer leaves, described each material hammer shaft puts fixes a material hammer, and longitudinal being crisscross arranged is hammered into shape by two the adjacent material in each material hammer shaft group;
Described screen cloth is arranged in the second lower house, and screen cloth is positioned at below broken transmission mechanism, and the second discharging opening is positioned at below screen cloth;
Described dewaterer comprises dewaterer base, described dewaterer base one end is provided with dewaterer bracing frame, the other end is provided with dewaterer workbench, described dewaterer workbench is provided with manhole, installing hole and dewaterer shell, described dewaterer shell side is provided with discharging rubbing board, described dewaterer base side is provided with dehydration motor seat, dehydration motor seat is provided with dehydration motor, dehydration motor one end is provided with dewaterer first belt pulley, described manhole place is provided with dewaterer bearing block, described dewaterer bearing block one end is provided with dewaterer clutch shaft bearing, the other end is provided with dewaterer second bearing, dewaterer main shaft is provided with in described dewaterer bearing block, described dewaterer bearing block is provided with mounting blocks and fixed station, described fixed station is provided with rotating cylinder, rotating disc is provided with in described rotating cylinder, rotating disc is provided with and rotates bucket, water proof ring is provided with between described rotating cylinder and fixed station, described rotating cylinder one end realizes being connected by bolt and fixed station, the other end is provided with fixed head, described fixed head one end is provided with the first fixed block, the other end is provided with the second fixed block and cleaning rod, described dewaterer main shaft one end is provided with dewaterer second belt pulley, the other end is successively through dewaterer clutch shaft bearing, dewaterer bearing block, dewaterer second bearing, fixed station, water proof ring and rotating cylinder are connected with rotating disc, described dewaterer first belt pulley is achieved a fixed connection by dewaterer belt and dewaterer second belt pulley,
Described magnetic separator comprises magnetic separator housing and magnetic separation barrel, and described magnetic separation barrel is arranged in magnetic separator housing;
Described magnetic separator housing comprises magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house, described magnetic separator upper shell is the cuboid of hollow, described magnetic separator lower house is cuboid, its lower end is provided with two symmetrical magnetic separator discharging openings, described magnetic separator discharging opening is respectively the assorted material outlet of magnetic separator and the outlet of magnetic separator aluminium bits, the lower surface of magnetic separator upper shell is identical with the upper surface size shape of magnetic separator lower house, multiple connecting plate group is provided with between magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house, described connecting plate group comprises 2 connecting plates be oppositely arranged, the cross section of described connecting plate is L-shaped, 2 connecting plate sides and magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house are welded and fixed, opposite side is fitted mutually, affixed by bolt,
Described magnetic separator upper shell is provided with magnetic separator feed pipe, described magnetic separator feed pipe comprises magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator flared tube, described magnetic separator feed pipe is the cuboid of hollow, guide plate one and guide plate two is provided with in it, the angle that described guide plate one and vertical direction are is α, described α=35 °, the angle that described guide plate two and vertical direction are is β, described β=35 ° ~ 45 °, described magnetic separator flared tube is the prismatic table shape of hollow, the upper surface of the prismatic table shape that magnetic separator flared tube is is identical with the lower surface size shape of the cuboid that magnetic separator feed pipe is, the lower surface of the prismatic table shape that magnetic separator flared tube is is identical with the upper surface size shape of the cuboid that magnetic separator upper shell is, magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator flared tube integrally welded, magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator upper shell integrally welded,
The both sides of described magnetic separator housing are provided with 2 symmetrical holes, be respectively rotation hole and adjustment hole, described rotation hole place is provided with bearing fixed bin, described bearing fixed bin comprises magnetic separator bearing block and magnetic separator bearing cover, magnetic separator the 3rd bearing is provided with in described magnetic separator bearing block, outside described magnetic separator bearing cover fit and magnetic separator bearing block, and by bolt and magnetic separator bearing block affixed, described adjustment hole place is provided with magnetic axis fixed cover;
Described magnetic separation barrel comprises cylinder, magnetic bucket, power transmission shaft and magnetic axis, described cylinder is horizontally disposed with, and the cylinder in hollow, the cylindrical left and right sides of its hollow being is provided with magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange, described magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange by bolt and cylinder affixed, magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange are annular, the center of magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange is provided with magnetic separation barrel first axis hole, described magnetic separation barrel first axis hole internal fixtion is provided with magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing, the center of described magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange is provided with magnetic separation barrel second axis hole, described magnetic separation barrel second axis hole internal fixtion is provided with magnetic separation barrel second bearing,
Described magnetic bucket is horizontally disposed with, be positioned at cylinder, which is provided with magnet, magnetic bucket is the cylindrical of hollow, its columniform outer wall being is provided with the magnet holder of evenly arrangement, described magnet holder is square, described magnet is fixed on magnet holder by fixed block, be covered on the outer wall of magnetic bucket, the left and right sides of magnetic bucket is respectively equipped with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange, described first magnetic bucket mounting flange and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange are annular, its center has the first magnetic bucket fixing hole and the second magnetic bucket fixing hole, described first magnetic bucket fixing hole is provided with magnetic bucket fixed axis, described magnetic bucket fixed axis is horizontally disposed with, its right-hand member is inserted the first magnetic bucket fixing hole and is connected with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket, its left end is through magnetic separation barrel first axis hole, and with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing,
Described power transmission shaft is horizontally disposed with, comprise transmission shaft driven end and power transmission shaft stiff end, power transmission shaft is through rotation hole, with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separator the 3rd bearing in the middle part of it, its power transmission shaft stiff end and magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange affixed, power transmission shaft stiff end is provided with the concentric holes of level, described magnetic axis is horizontally disposed with, comprise magnetic axis fixed connecting end and magnetic axis adjustable side, described magnetic axis adjustable side is provided with magnetic axis and regulates spanner, magnetic axis is through adjustment hole and magnetic axis fixed cover, with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel second bearing in the middle part of it, its magnetic axis fixed connecting end is inserted the second magnetic bucket fixing hole and is connected with the second magnetic bucket mounting flange by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket, the left end of described magnetic bucket fixed axis is provided with same core bar, described same core bar and concentric holes matched in clearance, and insert in concentric holes,
Described magnet is permanent magnet, and it is covered in the coverage rate that the outer wall of magnetic bucket is is γ relative to the angle that the columniform central axis that magnetic bucket is is, and described γ is 135 °-150 °;
Described transmission shaft driven end is connected with magnetic separator motor, realizes the high-speed rotation of magnet drum;
Described magnetic axis fixed cover is annular, which is provided with clamping screw, and described clamping screw runs through magnetic axis fixed cover upper end, and can freely up and down turn, realizes the locking of magnetic axis and unclamps;
Described dryer comprises flue gas secondary combustion casing, dryer underframe, drying cylinder body and stirring cage conveyer, described flue gas secondary combustion casing one end is provided with flue gas secondary combustion room, the other end is provided with dust storage chamber, described flue gas secondary combustion room is provided with the first burner and gas vent, described dust storage chamber is provided with the outlet of dirt body, described dryer underframe one end is to the distance on ground and H1, the other end is H2 to the distance on ground, described H1>H2, described dryer underframe is provided with supporting component, first sprocket wheel and dryer motor, described supporting component has two, and be arranged at dryer underframe two ends respectively, described supporting component comprises four dryer bearing blocks and two raceway axles, described four dryer bearing blocks are on average arranged at dryer underframe both sides between two respectively, described raceway axle is arranged between two dryer bearing blocks, described supporting component is provided with raceway, described drying cylinder body is arranged in raceway, described raceway is provided with some raceway supports, described raceway support is connected with drying cylinder body, described drying cylinder body outer wall is provided with the second sprocket wheel, described second sprocket wheel is provided with chain, described first sprocket wheel is connected with dryer motor with chain, realize coordinating transmission by chain and the second sprocket wheel, described drying cylinder body inwall is provided with some nose bars, described drying cylinder body one end is connected with flue gas secondary combustion casing side, the other end is provided with the second burner and dryer discharging opening, described first burner and the second burner are equipped with bolt, realize respectively being connected with drying cylinder body with flue gas secondary combustion room by bolt, described stirring cage conveyer one end connects with drying cylinder body one end through flue gas secondary combustion casing,
Described melting tank comprises melting tank main body, described melting tank main body comprises importing holds, outlet side and stirring elevator, described importing end is provided with aluminium bits entrance, aluminium liquid promotes mouth and the first pipeline, described outlet side comprises the outlet of aluminium liquid and second pipe, described aluminium bits entrance is promoted mouth with aluminium liquid and is connected by the first pipeline, the funnel-form that aluminium bits entrance is tapered, described aluminium liquid outlet is communicated with second pipe, described stirring elevator comprises the first stirring elevator and second and stirs elevator, described first stirs elevator is arranged at aluminium liquid lifting mouth place, described second stirs elevator is arranged at aluminium liquid exit,
Described stirring elevator comprises elevator base, elevator column, the first reductor, the second reductor, main shaft of hoister and graphite vanes rotor, described elevator column is cuboid, vertically be fixedly installed on elevator base, its lower end is provided with from sprocket wheel, described first reductor is vertically arranged at elevator column upper end, the driving end of the first reductor is horizontally disposed with, and it is fixed with head sprocket;
On described elevator column, cover has lifting casing, described lifting casing is the cuboid of hollow, 8 angles in the cuboid that lifting casing is are provided with 8 rollers, described roller is symmetrical arranged, and fits with elevator column outer surface, and lifting casing is provided with chain and supporting traverse, the upper end of described chain is affixed with the upper surface of lifting casing, and through head sprocket, the lower end of chain is passed from sprocket wheel, and affixed with the lower surface of lifting casing;
Described supporting traverse level is fixedly installed on lifting casing side, second reductor is fixed on supporting traverse upper surface by elevator support, the driving end of the second reductor is arranged down, which is provided with main belt pulley, supporting traverse side is provided with heat dissipation tank, and described heat dissipation tank is hollow structure, its outer wall has the louvre being communicated with heat dissipation tank, its upper surface and lower surface are provided with bearing, and described louvre is kidney-shaped;
Described main shaft of hoister comprises axle one and axle two, described axle one is through elevator bearing, and be vertically fixed on heat dissipation tank, the upper end of axle one is provided with from belt pulley, described from belt pulley and main belt pulley same level height, and cover have V belt, described axle two is arranged at axle one lower end, and with axle one by the first flange coaxial removably connect fixing;
Logical second flange of described graphite vanes rotor and axle two fixing to removably connecting, comprise 4 elevator blades, described elevator blade is arranged down, in bent inside elevator blade, comprises longitudinal edge, hypotenuse and horizontal edge successively, the angle that described hypotenuse and vertical direction are is α, described α=19 °, described longitudinal side length is N1, and the length of described horizontal edge is N2, the length of hypotenuse is N1:N2:N3=7:9:27 described in N3, and it is truncated cone-shaped that graphite vanes rotor rotates the adsorbent chamber formed;
The side of described first pipeline and aluminium consider entrance and aluminium liquid to be worth doing, and to promote the outer rim of mouth tangent.
Above-mentioned a kind of aluminium bits retracting device, wherein, described dewaterer clutch shaft bearing is 6220 bearings, and dewaterer second bearing is 6222 bearings.
Above-mentioned a kind of aluminium bits retracting device, wherein, the length of described spacer is 140mm.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
During the work of this device, aluminium bits are stirred by duplex and hold together to be sent to the first expansion plate elevator, after aluminium bits are sent to crusher in crushing by the first expansion plate elevator, be sent to dewaterer by the second expansion plate elevator again to dewater, expand plate elevator by the 3rd again and be sent to magnetic separator, magnetic separator discharges irony foreign material and decontamination aluminium bits respectively, decontamination aluminium bits are sent to dryer by the 4th expansion plate elevator and dry, decontamination aluminium bits after the oven dry of drying machine enter fusing recycling in melting tank, energy consumption is low, production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
When the present invention uses, aluminium bits enter in housing by the first hopper, start cycloid speed reducer, cycloid speed reducer drives the seamless pipe rotating in same direction of Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, thus the blade of Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is pushed the aluminium bits in the first housing simultaneously, until push to the first discharging opening, aluminium bits fall into the 3rd charging aperture from the first discharging opening, through expanding plate elevator Lifting Convey to the 3rd discharging opening, the second charging aperture of disintegrating machine is fallen into through the 3rd discharging opening, when disintegrating machine uses, aluminium bits enter in disintegrating machine, starter motor, motor is rotated by the second belt drive belt pulley, belt pulley drives transmission main shaft to rotate, transmission main shaft drives fixed disk to rotate, put because material hammer is fixed on material hammer shaft, material hammer shaft cover can be that axle center is rotated with material hammer shaft, and adjacent material hammer is crisscross arranged, material hammer both can be that circular motion is carried out in axle center with transmission main shaft, can be again that rotation is carried out in axle center with material hammer shaft, therefore, when aluminium is considered to be worth doing behind the second lower house inside, through the dual rotary action of material hammer, fully can carry out fragmentation, after fragmentation, fell into screen cloth, satisfactoryly to take out from discharging opening through crossing after screen cloth, what do not reach broken requirement re-starts fragmentation, until fragmentation completes, energy consumption of the present invention is low, and fragmentation is sieved and settled at one go, and production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
This duplex is stirred and is held together to be exclusively used in aluminium bits removal process, the vibrational power flow of blade meets the particularity that aluminium considers this product to be worth doing completely, both ensure that propelling movement power, there will not be again stuck or the situation such as to block, structure is simple, improves production efficiency, ensure that the continuity of production process, save cost, safe and reliable.
Dewaterer structure is simple, reasonable in design, the first belt pulley during dewaterer work on motor is by the rotation of belt drive second belt pulley, and the second belt pulley drives main shaft and rotating disc to rotate, thus makes to rotate bucket rotation, hydrone is thrown out of by rotating bucket, reach the object of dehydration, dewatering efficiency is better, utilizes the clutch shaft bearing in bearing block and the second bearing repeatedly to regulate simultaneously, stressed more even, noise is less, after when utilizing the fixed head on rotating cylinder to prevent dewaterer from working, aluminium is cut and is splashed everywhere, the rotating cylinder that flies out enters dewaterer inside, produce the present of blocking, the security performance of lifting dewatering machine entirety, being cleared up by cleaning rod and guide the aluminium in rotating cylinder to cut, the aluminium completing dewatering work is cut directly discharged by discharging rubbing board, without the need to manually clearing up, save a large amount of manpowers, material resources, cost is lower, utilize the water proof ring between rotating cylinder and fixed station simultaneously, play good waterproof action, water is avoided to enter dewaterer inside, improve overall security performance, extend its service life.
Magnetic separator structure is simple, reasonable in design, be the characteristic of nonmagnetic material based on aluminium, by rotating magnetic separation barrel fast, magnetic scrap and aluminium bits are separated from processing scrap, thus the recycling realized aluminium bits, aluminium bits good separating effect of the present invention, cylinder and magnetic bucket stable connection simultaneously, the concentricity that cylinder rotates is high, and eccentric situation not easily occurs, and equipment is not fragile, magnet positions adjustable in magnetic bucket, it is convenient to correct, and upper shell and lower house are detachable connection, and overhaul of the equipments is convenient.
When dryer uses, aluminium bits are delivered into drying cylinder body by stirring cage conveyer, Electric Machine Control first sprocket rotation, by chain-driving second sprocket rotation, drying cylinder body is rotated, and the nose bar band material of inwall falls to drying cylinder body top, and constantly repeats, second burner is fully dried aluminium bits material, and exports oven dry aluminium bits from discharging opening; Dry the flue gas secondary combustion room that the risings such as the oil smoke aqueous vapor produced enter flue gas secondary combustion casing, through the first burner second-time burning, the gas from gas outlet of generation is discharged, and waste material residue falls into dust storage chamber, is exported discharge by dirt body.
When dry cylindrical shell rotates, the raceway support be attached thereto drives raceway to rotate on raceway axle, forms orbit determination and supports; Drying cylinder body establishes nose bar band material in adopting, and aluminium is considered to be worth doing with heat contact surface large, and dry more abundant, saving heat energy consumes, and makes full use of cylindrical shell height, is beneficial to reduction device volume, can continuous feed, increases work efficiency; Underframe one end is to the distance on ground and H1, and being greater than the other end to the distance on ground is H2, aluminium is considered to be worth doing and can slide to discharging opening under gravity, save energy consumption; Adopt the design integrating and dry with flue gas secondary combustion, drying waste heat makes the not easily condensation of oil smoke aqueous vapor, saves energy consumption, substantially reduces disposal of pollutants, be beneficial to equipment cleaning simultaneously.
To sum up, drying machine structure is simple, reasonable in design, can realize aluminium bits and fully to dry and to drying the flue gas secondary combustion produced, pollute little, efficiency is high, energy consumption cost is low.
Melting tank, its graphite vanes rotor stretches into aluminium bits and reclaims in transmission melting tank (lower abbreviation: melting tank), by the rotation of blade, make to produce negative pressure in adsorbent chamber, to the aluminium liquid of fusing high temperature, extract, and by the impact of blade, discharge in the pipeline of side by extracting the high temperature aluminum liquid come up, the pipeline other end connects in the funnelform mouth that confluxes, the mouth that confluxes is communicated with melting tank, high temperature aluminum liquid is subsequently in swirling, again enter in melting tank, the aluminium bits reclaimed without fusing enter from a mouthful upper end of confluxing, enter in melting tank with high temperature aluminum liquid, carry out fusing to reclaim.
Melting tank extracts high temperature aluminum liquid by stirring elevator, run through fusing and removal process, aluminium bits enter melting tank in swirling with high temperature aluminum liquid, importing process is smooth and easy, high temperature aluminum liquid can not sputter, the graphite vanes rotor stirred on elevator is connected with the second reductor by main shaft, realize rotating, by the first reductor, chain and lifting casing, realize upper and lower feeding, roller in lifting casing is close to column, movable stable, second reductor is by main belt pulley, indirectly main axis is driven from belt pulley and V belt, thus reduce the entirety vibrations of stirring elevator, graphite vanes rotor high-speed rotates, negative pressure is produced in adsorbent chamber, can directly extract aluminium liquid, and by the impact of blade, high temperature aluminum liquid is discharged, graphite vanes rotor itself is extremely high temperature resistant simultaneously, running is smooth, louvre on heat dissipation tank, effectively the temperature that graphite vanes rotor is delivered on main shaft can be left, and axle, axle two and graphite vanes rotor are detachable connection, as being damaged or wearing and tearing, can change individually, reduce the maintenance difficulty stirring elevator, decrease the cost of overhaul.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure chart of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is disintegrating machine sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the broken transmission mechanism structure chart of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is A-A direction view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is that duplex of the present invention stirs top view.
Fig. 6 is that duplex of the present invention stirs side view.
Fig. 7 is dewaterer structure chart of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is magnetic separator front view of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is magnetic separator side view of the present invention.
Figure 10 is power transmission shaft of the present invention and magnetic bucket fixed axis schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is magnetic axis schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 12 is dryer front view of the present invention.
Figure 13 is dryer top view of the present invention.
Figure 14 is dryer left view of the present invention.
Figure 15 is melting tank schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 16 is that the aluminium of melting tank of the present invention considers entrance to be worth doing, aluminium liquid promotes mouth and the first piping schematic.
Figure 17 is the aluminium bits entrance side view of melting tank of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the stirring elevator schematic diagram of melting tank of the present invention.
Figure 19 is the graphite vanes rotor schematic diagram of melting tank of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the attached chamber schematic diagram of melting tank of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.
A kind of aluminium bits retracting device as shown in the figure, comprise that duplex stirs 1, disintegrating machine 2, dewaterer 3, magnetic separator 4, dryer 5, melting tank 6, described duplex is stirred and be provided with the first expansion plate elevator 7 between disintegrating machine, the second expansion plate elevator 8 is provided with between disintegrating machine and dewaterer, be provided with the 3rd between dewaterer and magnetic separator and expand plate elevator 9, be provided with the 4th between magnetic separator and dryer and expand plate elevator 10;
Described duplex is stirred 1 and is comprised the first housing 125, cycloid speed reducer 126 and Liang Gejiaolong mechanism 127, described first housing 125 comprises the first upper shell 128 and the first lower house 129, described first lower house 129 cross sectional shape is w shape structure, make to form Liang Gejiaolong mechanism in the first lower house 129 and place cavity 130, first upper shell 128 is provided with the first hopper 131, first lower house 129 is provided with the first discharging opening 132, described Jiao Long mechanism 127 comprises seamless pipe 133, blade 134, travelling gear 135 and axle sleeve 136, described axle sleeve 136 is fixed on the first lower house 129 outer wall, seamless pipe 133 is fixed in the first lower house 129 by axle sleeve 136, travelling gear 135 is fixed on the external part 137 of seamless pipe 133, described blade 134 twist vibrational power flow is outside at seamless pipe 133, the length L1 of described blade 134 is 1600-1800mm, the screw diameter D of blade 134 is 240-260mm, spiral shell spacing L2 between two screw threads that blade 134 is adjacent is 180-200mm, the direction of rotation of the blade 134 of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is identical, what described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism 127 was parallel to each other is arranged in Jiao Long mechanism placement cavity 130, described cycloid speed reducer 126 is fixedly connected with the external part 137 of seamless pipe by shaft coupling 138, be connected by the first belt 139 between the travelling gear 135 of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism,
Described disintegrating machine 2 comprises the second upper shell 21, second lower house 22, broken transmission mechanism 23, material hammer 24, screen cloth 25 and motor 26, described second upper shell 21 is pyramidal structure, second upper shell 21 is provided with the second charging aperture 27, second lower house 22 is provided with the second discharging opening 28, described broken transmission mechanism 23 comprises transmission main shaft 29, fixed disk 210, spacer 211 and material hammer shaft group 212, the quantity of described fixed disk 210 is 26, it is outside that fixed disk 210 is fixed on transmission main shaft 29, the quantity of described spacer 211 is 25, be fixed on transmission main shaft 29 outside, between adjacent two fixed disks 210, the length L of described spacer 211 is 140mm, a material hammer shaft group 212 is provided with between described two adjacent fixed disks 210, arrange 5 groups altogether, each material hammer shaft group 212 comprises 4 material hammer shafts 13, 4 material hammer shafts 213 with transmission main shaft 29 for axle center is symmetrical arranged, material hammer shaft cover 214 is sheathed with outside described material hammer shaft 213, material hammer shaft cover 214 and material hammer shaft 213 matched in clearance, make material hammer shaft overlap 214 can material hammer shaft 213 for rotating in axle center, described transmission main shaft 29 is through lower house 22, transmission main shaft 29 is fixed on the second lower house 22 by bearing block 215 is rotating, transmission main shaft 29 one end is provided with belt pulley 216, the other end is provided with balancing disk 217, described motor 26 is provided with drive plate 218, be connected by the second belt 219 between drive plate 218 with belt pulley 216,
Described material hammer 24 comprises material hammer main body 220, material hammer main body 220 periphery all be provided with 4 hammer leaves 221, vertically arrange between two adjacent hammer leaves 221, a material hammer 24 fixed by described each material hammer shaft cover 214, two the adjacent material hammers 24 in each material hammer shaft group 212 are longitudinally crisscross arranged;
Described screen cloth 25 is arranged in the second lower house 22, and screen cloth 25 is positioned at below broken transmission mechanism 23, and the second discharging opening 28 is positioned at below screen cloth 25;
Described dewaterer 3 comprises dewaterer base 31, described base 31 one end is provided with dewaterer bracing frame 32, the other end is provided with dewaterer workbench 33, described dewaterer workbench 33 is provided with manhole 34, installing hole 35 and dewaterer shell 36, described dewaterer shell 36 side is provided with discharging rubbing board 37, described dewaterer base 31 side is provided with dehydration motor seat 38, dehydration motor seat 38 is provided with dehydration motor 39, dehydration motor 39 one end is provided with dewaterer first belt pulley 310, described manhole 34 place is provided with dewaterer bearing block 311, described dewaterer bearing block 311 one end is provided with dewaterer clutch shaft bearing 312, the other end is provided with dewaterer second bearing 313, dewaterer main shaft 314 is provided with in described dewaterer bearing block 311, described dewaterer bearing block 311 is provided with mounting blocks 315 and fixed station 316, described fixed station 316 is provided with rotating cylinder 317, rotating disc 318 is provided with in described rotating cylinder 317, rotating disc 318 is provided with and rotates bucket 319, water proof ring 320 is provided with between described rotating cylinder 317 and fixed station 316, described rotating cylinder 317 one end realizes being connected with fixed station 316 by bolt 321, the other end is provided with fixed head 322, described fixed head 322 one end is provided with the first fixed block 323, the other end is provided with the second fixed block 324 and cleaning rod 325, described dewaterer main shaft 314 one end is provided with dewaterer second belt pulley 326, the other end is successively through dewaterer clutch shaft bearing 312, dewaterer bearing block 311, dewaterer second bearing 313, fixed station 316, water proof ring 320 and rotating cylinder 317 are connected with rotating disc 318, described dewaterer first belt pulley 310 is achieved a fixed connection by dewaterer belt 327 and dewaterer second belt pulley 326,
Described magnetic separator 4 comprises magnetic separator housing 41 and magnetic separation barrel 42, and described magnetic separation barrel 42 is arranged in magnetic separator housing 41;
Described magnetic separator housing 41 comprises magnetic separator upper shell 43 and magnetic separator lower house 44, the cuboid of described magnetic separator upper shell 43 in hollow, described magnetic separator lower house 44 is in cuboid, its lower end is provided with two symmetrical magnetic separator discharging openings, described magnetic separator discharging opening is respectively magnetic separator assorted material outlet 45 and the outlet 46 of magnetic separator aluminium bits, the lower surface of magnetic separator upper shell 43 is identical with the upper surface size shape of magnetic separator lower house 44, multiple connecting plate group 47 is provided with between magnetic separator upper shell 43 and magnetic separator lower house 44, described connecting plate group 47 comprises 42 connecting plates be oppositely arranged 48, the cross section of described connecting plate 48 is L-shaped, 2 connecting plate 48 sides and magnetic separator upper shell 43 and magnetic separator lower house 44 are welded and fixed, opposite side is fitted mutually, affixed by bolt,
Described magnetic separator upper shell 43 is provided with magnetic separator feed pipe 49, described magnetic separator feed pipe 49 comprises magnetic separator feed pipe 410 and magnetic separator flared tube 411, the cuboid of described magnetic separator feed pipe 49 in hollow, guide plate 1 and guide plate 2 413 is provided with in it, the angle that described guide plate 1 and vertical direction are is α, described α=35 °, the angle that described guide plate two and vertical direction are is β, described β=35 ° ~ 45 °, the prismatic table shape of described magnetic separator flared tube 411 in hollow, the upper surface of the prismatic table shape that magnetic separator flared tube 411 is is identical with the lower surface size shape of the cuboid that magnetic separator feed pipe 410 is, the lower surface of the prismatic table shape that magnetic separator flared tube 411 is is identical with the upper surface size shape of the cuboid that magnetic separator upper shell 43 is, magnetic separator feed pipe 410 is integrally welded with magnetic separator flared tube 411, magnetic separator feed pipe 49 is integrally welded with magnetic separator upper shell 43,
The both sides of described magnetic separator housing 41 are provided with 2 symmetrical holes, be respectively rotation hole 414 and adjustment hole 415, described rotation hole 414 place is provided with bearing fixed bin 416, described bearing fixed bin 416 comprises magnetic separator bearing block 417 and magnetic separator bearing cover 418, magnetic separator the 3rd bearing 419 is provided with in described magnetic separator bearing block 417, outside described magnetic separator bearing cover 418 fit and magnetic separator bearing block 417, and by bolt and magnetic separator bearing block 417 affixed, described adjustment hole 415 place is provided with magnetic axis fixed cover 420;
Described magnetic separation barrel 42 comprises cylinder 421, magnetic bucket 422, power transmission shaft 423 and magnetic axis 424, described cylinder 421 is horizontally disposed with, and the cylinder in hollow, the cylindrical left and right sides of its hollow being is provided with magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange 425 and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange 426, described magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange 425 and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange 426 by bolt and cylinder 421 affixed, magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange 425 and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange 426 are in annular, the center of magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange 425 is provided with magnetic separation barrel first axis hole 427, described magnetic separation barrel first axis hole 427 internal fixtion is provided with magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing 428, the center of described magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange 426 is provided with magnetic separation barrel second axis hole 429, described magnetic separation barrel second axis hole 429 internal fixtion is provided with magnetic separation barrel second bearing 430,
Described magnetic bucket 422 is horizontally disposed with, be positioned at cylinder 421, which is provided with magnet 431, magnetic bucket 422 is the cylindrical of hollow, its columniform outer wall being is provided with the magnet holder 432 of evenly arrangement, described magnet 422 holder is square, described magnet 422 is fixed on magnet holder 432 by fixed block, be covered on the outer wall of magnetic bucket 422, the left and right sides of magnetic bucket 422 is respectively equipped with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange 433 and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange 434, described first magnetic bucket mounting flange 433 and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange 434 are in annular, its center has the first magnetic bucket fixing hole 435 and the second magnetic bucket fixing hole 436, described first magnetic bucket fixing hole 435 is provided with magnetic bucket fixed axis 437, described magnetic bucket fixed axis 437 is horizontally disposed with, its right-hand member is inserted the first magnetic bucket fixing hole 435 and is connected with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange 433 by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket 422, its left end is through magnetic separation barrel first axis hole 427, and with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing 428,
Described power transmission shaft 423 is horizontally disposed with, comprise transmission shaft driven end 438 and power transmission shaft stiff end 439, power transmission shaft 423 is through rotation hole 414, with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separator the 3rd bearing 419 in the middle part of it, its power transmission shaft stiff end 439 is affixed with magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange 425, power transmission shaft stiff end 439 is provided with the concentric holes 440 of level, described magnetic axis 424 is horizontally disposed with, comprise magnetic axis fixed connecting end 441 and magnetic axis adjustable side 442, described magnetic axis adjustable side 442 is provided with magnetic axis and regulates spanner 443, magnetic axis 424 is through adjustment hole 415 and magnetic axis fixed cover 420, with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel second bearing 430 in the middle part of it, magnetic axis fixed connecting end 439 is inserted the second magnetic bucket fixing hole 436 and is connected with the second magnetic bucket mounting flange 434 by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket 422, the left end of described magnetic bucket fixed axis 437 is provided with same core bar 444, described same core bar 444 and concentric holes 440 matched in clearance, and insert in concentric holes 440,
Described magnet 431 is permanent magnet, and it is covered in the coverage rate that the outer wall of magnetic bucket 422 is is γ relative to the angle that the columniform central axis that magnetic bucket 422 is is, and described γ is 135 °-150 °;
Described transmission shaft driven end 438 is connected with magnetic separator motor, realizes the high-speed rotation of magnet drum 42;
Described magnetic axis fixed cover 420 is in annular, and which is provided with clamping screw 446, described clamping screw 446 runs through magnetic axis fixed cover 420 upper end, and can freely turn up and down, realizes the locking of magnetic axis 424 and unclamps;
Described dryer 5 comprises flue gas secondary combustion casing 53, dryer underframe 512, drying cylinder body 514 and stirring cage conveyer 51, described flue gas secondary combustion casing 53 one end is provided with flue gas secondary combustion room 52, the other end is provided with dust storage chamber 54, described flue gas secondary combustion room 52 is provided with the first burner 57 and gas vent 56, described dust storage chamber 54 is provided with dirt body outlet 55, described dryer underframe 512 one end is to the distance on ground and H1, the other end is H2 to the distance on ground, described H1>H2, described dryer underframe 512 is provided with supporting component 510, first sprocket wheel 518 and dryer motor 511, described supporting component 510 has two, and be arranged at dryer underframe two ends respectively, described supporting component 510 comprises four dryer bearing blocks 58 and two raceway axles 59, described four dryer bearing blocks 58 are on average arranged at dryer underframe 512 both sides between two respectively, described raceway axle 59 is arranged between two dryer bearing blocks 58, described supporting component 510 is provided with raceway 516, described drying cylinder body 514 is arranged in raceway 516, described raceway 516 is provided with some raceway supports 515, described raceway support 515 is connected with drying cylinder body 514, described drying cylinder body 514 outer wall is provided with the second sprocket wheel 513, described second sprocket wheel 513 is provided with chain 522, described first sprocket wheel 518 is connected with dryer motor 511 with chain 522, realize coordinating transmission with the second sprocket wheel 513 by chain 522, described drying cylinder body 514 inwall is provided with some nose bars 520, described drying cylinder body 514 one end is connected with flue gas secondary combustion casing 53 side, the other end is provided with the second burner 517 and dryer discharging opening 521, described first burner 57 and the second burner 517 are equipped with bolt, realize respectively being connected with drying cylinder body 514 with flue gas secondary combustion room 52 by bolt, described stirring cage conveyer 51 one end connects with drying cylinder body 514 one end through flue gas secondary combustion casing 53,
Described melting tank 6 comprises melting tank main body 60, described melting tank main body 60 comprises importing end 628, outlet side 629 and stirring elevator 630, described importing end 628 is provided with aluminium bits entrance 631, aluminium liquid promotes mouth 632 and the first pipeline 633, described outlet side 629 comprises aluminium liquid outlet 634 and second pipe 635, described aluminium bits entrance 631 is promoted mouth 632 with aluminium liquid and is connected by the first pipeline 633, the funnel-form that aluminium bits entrance 631 is tapered, described aluminium liquid outlet 634 is communicated with second pipe 635, described stirring elevator 630 comprises the first stirring elevator 636 and second and stirs elevator 637, described first stirs elevator 636 is arranged at aluminium liquid lifting mouth 632 place, described second stirring elevator 637 is arranged at aluminium liquid and exports 634 places,
Described stirring elevator 630 comprises elevator base 61, elevator column 62, first reductor 63, second reductor 64, main shaft of hoister 65 and graphite vanes rotor 66, described elevator column 62 is in cuboid, vertically be fixedly installed on elevator base 61, its lower end is provided with from sprocket wheel 67, described first reductor 63 is vertically arranged at elevator column 62 upper end, the driving end of the first reductor 63 is horizontally disposed with, and it is fixed with head sprocket 68;
On described elevator column 62, cover has lifting casing 69, the cuboid of described lifting casing 69 in hollow, 8 angles in the cuboid that lifting casing 69 is are provided with 8 rollers 610, described roller 610 is symmetrical arranged, and fit with elevator column 62 outer surface, lifting casing 69 is provided with chain 611 and supporting traverse 612, the upper end of described chain 611 is affixed with the upper surface of lifting casing 69, and through head sprocket 68, the lower end of chain 611 is passed from sprocket wheel 67, and affixed with the lower surface of lifting casing 69;
Described supporting traverse 612 level is fixedly installed on lifting casing 69 side, second reductor 64 is fixed on supporting traverse 612 upper surface by elevator support 613, the driving end of the second reductor 64 is arranged down, which is provided with main belt pulley 614, supporting traverse 612 side is provided with heat dissipation tank 615, and described heat dissipation tank 615 is hollow structure, its outer wall has the louvre 616 being communicated with heat dissipation tank 615, its upper surface and lower surface are provided with bearing, and described louvre 616 is in kidney-shaped;
Described main shaft of hoister 65 comprises axle 1 and axle 2 618, described axle 1 is through elevator bearing, and be vertically fixed on heat dissipation tank 615, the upper end of axle 1 is provided with from belt pulley 619, described from belt pulley 619 and main belt pulley 614 same level height, and cover have V belt 620, described axle 2 618 is arranged at axle 1 lower end, and with axle 1 by the first flange 621 coaxial removably connect fixing;
Logical second flange 622 of described graphite vanes rotor 66 is fixing to removably connecting with axle 2 618, comprise 4 elevator blades 623, described elevator blade 623 is arranged down, in bent inside elevator blade 623, comprise longitudinal edge 624, hypotenuse 625 and horizontal edge 626 successively, the angle that described hypotenuse 625 and vertical direction are is α, described α=19 °, described longitudinal edge 624 length is N1, the length of described horizontal edge 626 is N2, the length of hypotenuse 625 is N1:N2:N3=7:9:27 described in N3, and it is truncated cone-shaped that graphite vanes rotor 66 rotates the adsorbent chamber 627 formed;
The side of described first pipeline 633 and aluminium consider entrance 631 and aluminium liquid to be worth doing, and to promote the outer rim of mouth 632 tangent.
During the work of this device, aluminium bits are stirred by duplex and hold together to be sent to the first expansion plate elevator, after aluminium bits are sent to crusher in crushing by the first expansion plate elevator, be sent to dewaterer by the second expansion plate elevator again to dewater, expand plate elevator by the 3rd again and be sent to magnetic separator, magnetic separator discharges irony foreign material and decontamination aluminium bits respectively, decontamination aluminium bits are sent to dryer by the 4th expansion plate elevator and dry, decontamination aluminium bits after the oven dry of drying machine enter fusing recycling in melting tank, energy consumption is low, production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
When the present invention uses, aluminium bits enter in housing by the first hopper, start cycloid speed reducer, cycloid speed reducer drives the seamless pipe rotating in same direction of Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, thus the blade of Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is pushed the aluminium bits in the first housing simultaneously, until push to the first discharging opening, aluminium bits fall into the 3rd charging aperture from the first discharging opening, through expanding plate elevator Lifting Convey to the 3rd discharging opening, the second charging aperture of disintegrating machine is fallen into through the 3rd discharging opening, when disintegrating machine uses, aluminium bits enter in disintegrating machine, starter motor, motor is rotated by the second belt drive belt pulley, belt pulley drives transmission main shaft to rotate, transmission main shaft drives fixed disk to rotate, put because material hammer is fixed on material hammer shaft, material hammer shaft cover can be that axle center is rotated with material hammer shaft, and adjacent material hammer is crisscross arranged, material hammer both can be that circular motion is carried out in axle center with transmission main shaft, can be again that rotation is carried out in axle center with material hammer shaft, therefore, when aluminium is considered to be worth doing behind the second lower house inside, through the dual rotary action of material hammer, fully can carry out fragmentation, after fragmentation, fell into screen cloth, satisfactoryly to take out from discharging opening through crossing after screen cloth, what do not reach broken requirement re-starts fragmentation, until fragmentation completes, energy consumption of the present invention is low, and fragmentation is sieved and settled at one go, and production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
This duplex is stirred and is held together to be exclusively used in aluminium bits removal process, the vibrational power flow of blade meets the particularity that aluminium considers this product to be worth doing completely, both ensure that propelling movement power, there will not be again stuck or the situation such as to block, structure is simple, improves production efficiency, ensure that the continuity of production process, save cost, safe and reliable.
Dewaterer structure is simple, reasonable in design, the first belt pulley during dewaterer work on motor is by the rotation of belt drive second belt pulley, and the second belt pulley drives main shaft and rotating disc to rotate, thus makes to rotate bucket rotation, hydrone is thrown out of by rotating bucket, reach the object of dehydration, dewatering efficiency is better, utilizes the clutch shaft bearing in bearing block and the second bearing repeatedly to regulate simultaneously, stressed more even, noise is less, after when utilizing the fixed head on rotating cylinder to prevent dewaterer from working, aluminium is cut and is splashed everywhere, the rotating cylinder that flies out enters dewaterer inside, produce the present of blocking, the security performance of lifting dewatering machine entirety, being cleared up by cleaning rod and guide the aluminium in rotating cylinder to cut, the aluminium completing dewatering work is cut directly discharged by discharging rubbing board, without the need to manually clearing up, save a large amount of manpowers, material resources, cost is lower, utilize the water proof ring between rotating cylinder and fixed station simultaneously, play good waterproof action, water is avoided to enter dewaterer inside, improve overall security performance, extend its service life.
Magnetic separator structure is simple, reasonable in design, be the characteristic of nonmagnetic material based on aluminium, by rotating magnetic separation barrel fast, magnetic scrap and aluminium bits are separated from processing scrap, thus the recycling realized aluminium bits, aluminium bits good separating effect of the present invention, cylinder and magnetic bucket stable connection simultaneously, the concentricity that cylinder rotates is high, and eccentric situation not easily occurs, and equipment is not fragile, magnet positions adjustable in magnetic bucket, it is convenient to correct, and upper shell and lower house are detachable connection, and overhaul of the equipments is convenient.
When dryer uses, aluminium bits are delivered into drying cylinder body by stirring cage conveyer, Electric Machine Control first sprocket rotation, by chain-driving second sprocket rotation, drying cylinder body is rotated, and the nose bar band material of inwall falls to drying cylinder body top, and constantly repeats, second burner is fully dried aluminium bits material, and exports oven dry aluminium bits from discharging opening; Dry the flue gas secondary combustion room that the risings such as the oil smoke aqueous vapor produced enter flue gas secondary combustion casing, through the first burner second-time burning, the gas from gas outlet of generation is discharged, and waste material residue falls into dust storage chamber, is exported discharge by dirt body.
When dry cylindrical shell rotates, the raceway support be attached thereto drives raceway to rotate on raceway axle, forms orbit determination and supports; Drying cylinder body establishes nose bar band material in adopting, and aluminium is considered to be worth doing with heat contact surface large, and dry more abundant, saving heat energy consumes, and makes full use of cylindrical shell height, is beneficial to reduction device volume, can continuous feed, increases work efficiency; Underframe one end is to the distance on ground and H1, and being greater than the other end to the distance on ground is H2, aluminium is considered to be worth doing and can slide to discharging opening under gravity, save energy consumption; Adopt the design integrating and dry with flue gas secondary combustion, drying waste heat makes the not easily condensation of oil smoke aqueous vapor, saves energy consumption, substantially reduces disposal of pollutants, be beneficial to equipment cleaning simultaneously.
To sum up, drying machine structure is simple, reasonable in design, can realize aluminium bits and fully to dry and to drying the flue gas secondary combustion produced, pollute little, efficiency is high, energy consumption cost is low.
Melting tank, its graphite vanes rotor stretches into aluminium bits and reclaims in transmission melting tank (lower abbreviation: melting tank), by the rotation of blade, make to produce negative pressure in adsorbent chamber, to the aluminium liquid of fusing high temperature, extract, and by the impact of blade, discharge in the pipeline of side by extracting the high temperature aluminum liquid come up, the pipeline other end connects in the funnelform mouth that confluxes, the mouth that confluxes is communicated with melting tank, high temperature aluminum liquid is subsequently in swirling, again enter in melting tank, the aluminium bits reclaimed without fusing enter from a mouthful upper end of confluxing, enter in melting tank with high temperature aluminum liquid, carry out fusing to reclaim.
Melting tank extracts high temperature aluminum liquid by stirring elevator, run through fusing and removal process, aluminium bits enter melting tank in swirling with high temperature aluminum liquid, importing process is smooth and easy, high temperature aluminum liquid can not sputter, the graphite vanes rotor stirred on elevator is connected with the second reductor by main shaft, realize rotating, by the first reductor, chain and lifting casing, realize upper and lower feeding, roller in lifting casing is close to column, movable stable, second reductor is by main belt pulley, indirectly main axis is driven from belt pulley and V belt, thus reduce the entirety vibrations of stirring elevator, graphite vanes rotor high-speed rotates, negative pressure is produced in adsorbent chamber, can directly extract aluminium liquid, and by the impact of blade, high temperature aluminum liquid is discharged, graphite vanes rotor itself is extremely high temperature resistant simultaneously, running is smooth, louvre on heat dissipation tank, effectively the temperature that graphite vanes rotor is delivered on main shaft can be left, and axle, axle two and graphite vanes rotor are detachable connection, as being damaged or wearing and tearing, can change individually, reduce the maintenance difficulty stirring elevator, decrease the cost of overhaul.
Here description of the invention and application is illustrative, not wants by scope restriction of the present invention in the above-described embodiments, and therefore, the present invention is not by the restriction of the present embodiment, and the technical scheme that any employing equivalence replacement obtains is all in the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (3)

1. an aluminium bits retracting device, it is characterized by, comprise that duplex stirs, disintegrating machine, dewaterer, magnetic separator, dryer, melting tank, described duplex is stirred and be provided with the first expansion plate elevator between disintegrating machine, the second expansion plate elevator is provided with between disintegrating machine and dewaterer, be provided with the 3rd between dewaterer and magnetic separator and expand plate elevator, be provided with the 4th between magnetic separator and dryer and expand plate elevator;
Described duplex is stirred and is held together to comprise the first housing, cycloid speed reducer and Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, described first housing comprises the first upper shell and the first lower house, described first lower house cross sectional shape is w shape structure, make in the first lower house, to form Liang Gejiaolong mechanism and place cavity, first upper shell is provided with the first hopper, first lower house is provided with the first discharging opening, described Jiao Long mechanism comprises seamless pipe, blade, travelling gear and axle sleeve, described axle sleeve is fixed on the first lower house outer wall, seamless pipe is fixed in the first lower house by axle sleeve, travelling gear is fixed on the external part of seamless pipe, described blade twist vibrational power flow is outside at seamless pipe, the length L1 of described blade is 1600-1800mm, the screw diameter D of blade is 240-260mm, spiral shell spacing L2 between two screw threads that blade is adjacent is 180-200mm, the direction of rotation of the blade of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is identical, what described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism was parallel to each other is arranged in Jiao Long mechanism placement cavity, described cycloid speed reducer is fixedly connected with the external part of seamless pipe by shaft coupling, be connected by the first belt between the travelling gear of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism,
Described disintegrating machine, comprise the second upper shell, second lower house, broken transmission mechanism, material hammer, screen cloth and motor, described second upper shell is pyramidal structure, second upper shell is provided with the second charging aperture, second lower house is provided with the second discharging opening, described broken transmission mechanism comprises transmission main shaft, fixed disk, spacer and material hammer shaft group, the quantity of described fixed disk is 6, fixed disk is fixed on transmission main shaft outside, the quantity of described spacer is 5, be fixed on transmission main shaft outside, between adjacent two fixed disks, a material hammer shaft group is provided with between described two adjacent fixed disks, arrange 5 groups altogether, each material hammer shaft group comprises 4 material hammer shafts, 4 material hammer shafts are that axle center is symmetrical arranged with transmission main shaft, material hammer shaft cover is sheathed with outside described material hammer shaft, material hammer shaft cover and material hammer shaft matched in clearance, material hammer shaft cover is made material hammer shaft to be that axle center is rotated, described transmission main shaft is through lower house, transmission main shaft is fixed on the second lower house by bearing block is rotating, transmission main shaft one end is provided with belt pulley, the other end is provided with balancing disk, described motor is provided with drive plate, be connected by the second belt between drive plate with belt pulley,
Described material hammer comprises material hammer main body, material hammer main body periphery all be provided with 4 hammer leaves, vertically arrange between two adjacent hammer leaves, described each material hammer shaft puts fixes a material hammer, and longitudinal being crisscross arranged is hammered into shape by two the adjacent material in each material hammer shaft group;
Described screen cloth is arranged in the second lower house, and screen cloth is positioned at below broken transmission mechanism, and the second discharging opening is positioned at below screen cloth;
Described dewaterer comprises dewaterer base, described dewaterer base one end is provided with dewaterer bracing frame, the other end is provided with dewaterer workbench, described dewaterer workbench is provided with manhole, installing hole and dewaterer shell, described dewaterer shell side is provided with discharging rubbing board, described dewaterer base side is provided with dehydration motor seat, dehydration motor seat is provided with dehydration motor, dehydration motor one end is provided with dewaterer first belt pulley, described manhole place is provided with dewaterer bearing block, described dewaterer bearing block one end is provided with dewaterer clutch shaft bearing, the other end is provided with dewaterer second bearing, dewaterer main shaft is provided with in described dewaterer bearing block, described dewaterer bearing block is provided with mounting blocks and fixed station, described fixed station is provided with rotating cylinder, rotating disc is provided with in described rotating cylinder, rotating disc is provided with and rotates bucket, water proof ring is provided with between described rotating cylinder and fixed station, described rotating cylinder one end realizes being connected by bolt and fixed station, the other end is provided with fixed head, described fixed head one end is provided with the first fixed block, the other end is provided with the second fixed block and cleaning rod, described dewaterer main shaft one end is provided with dewaterer second belt pulley, the other end is successively through dewaterer clutch shaft bearing, dewaterer bearing block, dewaterer second bearing, fixed station, water proof ring and rotating cylinder are connected with rotating disc, described dewaterer first belt pulley is achieved a fixed connection by dewaterer belt and dewaterer second belt pulley,
Described magnetic separator comprises magnetic separator housing and magnetic separation barrel, and described magnetic separation barrel is arranged in magnetic separator housing;
Described magnetic separator housing comprises magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house, described magnetic separator upper shell is the cuboid of hollow, described magnetic separator lower house is cuboid, its lower end is provided with two symmetrical magnetic separator discharging openings, described magnetic separator discharging opening is respectively the assorted material outlet of magnetic separator and the outlet of magnetic separator aluminium bits, the lower surface of magnetic separator upper shell is identical with the upper surface size shape of magnetic separator lower house, multiple connecting plate group is provided with between magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house, described connecting plate group comprises 2 connecting plates be oppositely arranged, the cross section of described connecting plate is L-shaped, 2 connecting plate sides and magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house are welded and fixed, opposite side is fitted mutually, affixed by bolt,
Described magnetic separator upper shell is provided with magnetic separator feed pipe, described magnetic separator feed pipe comprises magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator flared tube, described magnetic separator feed pipe is the cuboid of hollow, guide plate one and guide plate two is provided with in it, the angle that described guide plate one and vertical direction are is α, described α=35 °, the angle that described guide plate two and vertical direction are is β, described β=35 ° ~ 45 °, described magnetic separator flared tube is the prismatic table shape of hollow, the upper surface of the prismatic table shape that magnetic separator flared tube is is identical with the lower surface size shape of the cuboid that magnetic separator feed pipe is, the lower surface of the prismatic table shape that magnetic separator flared tube is is identical with the upper surface size shape of the cuboid that magnetic separator upper shell is, magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator flared tube integrally welded, magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator upper shell integrally welded,
The both sides of described magnetic separator housing are provided with 2 symmetrical holes, be respectively rotation hole and adjustment hole, described rotation hole place is provided with bearing fixed bin, described bearing fixed bin comprises magnetic separator bearing block and magnetic separator bearing cover, magnetic separator the 3rd bearing is provided with in described magnetic separator bearing block, outside described magnetic separator bearing cover fit and magnetic separator bearing block, and by bolt and magnetic separator bearing block affixed, described adjustment hole place is provided with magnetic axis fixed cover;
Described magnetic separation barrel comprises cylinder, magnetic bucket, power transmission shaft and magnetic axis, described cylinder is horizontally disposed with, and the cylinder in hollow, the cylindrical left and right sides of its hollow being is provided with magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange, described magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange by bolt and cylinder affixed, magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange are annular, the center of magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange is provided with magnetic separation barrel first axis hole, described magnetic separation barrel first axis hole internal fixtion is provided with magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing, the center of described magnetic separation barrel second mounting flange is provided with magnetic separation barrel second axis hole, described magnetic separation barrel second axis hole internal fixtion is provided with magnetic separation barrel second bearing,
Described magnetic bucket is horizontally disposed with, be positioned at cylinder, which is provided with magnet, magnetic bucket is the cylindrical of hollow, its columniform outer wall being is provided with the magnet holder of evenly arrangement, described magnet holder is square, described magnet is fixed on magnet holder by fixed block, be covered on the outer wall of magnetic bucket, the left and right sides of magnetic bucket is respectively equipped with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange, described first magnetic bucket mounting flange and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange are annular, its center has the first magnetic bucket fixing hole and the second magnetic bucket fixing hole, described first magnetic bucket fixing hole is provided with magnetic bucket fixed axis, described magnetic bucket fixed axis is horizontally disposed with, its right-hand member is inserted the first magnetic bucket fixing hole and is connected with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket, its left end is through magnetic separation barrel first axis hole, and with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing,
Described power transmission shaft is horizontally disposed with, comprise transmission shaft driven end and power transmission shaft stiff end, power transmission shaft is through rotation hole, with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separator the 3rd bearing in the middle part of it, its power transmission shaft stiff end and magnetic separation barrel first mounting flange affixed, power transmission shaft stiff end is provided with the concentric holes of level, described magnetic axis is horizontally disposed with, comprise magnetic axis fixed connecting end and magnetic axis adjustable side, described magnetic axis adjustable side is provided with magnetic axis and regulates spanner, magnetic axis is through adjustment hole and magnetic axis fixed cover, with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel second bearing in the middle part of it, its magnetic axis fixed connecting end is inserted the second magnetic bucket fixing hole and is connected with the second magnetic bucket mounting flange by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket, the left end of described magnetic bucket fixed axis is provided with same core bar, described same core bar and concentric holes matched in clearance, and insert in concentric holes,
Described magnet is permanent magnet, and it is covered in the coverage rate that the outer wall of magnetic bucket is is γ relative to the angle that the columniform central axis that magnetic bucket is is, and described γ is 135 °-150 °;
Described transmission shaft driven end is connected with magnetic separator motor, realizes the high-speed rotation of magnet drum;
Described magnetic axis fixed cover is annular, which is provided with clamping screw, and described clamping screw runs through magnetic axis fixed cover upper end, and can freely up and down turn, realizes the locking of magnetic axis and unclamps;
Described dryer comprises flue gas secondary combustion casing, dryer underframe, drying cylinder body and stirring cage conveyer, described flue gas secondary combustion casing one end is provided with flue gas secondary combustion room, the other end is provided with dust storage chamber, described flue gas secondary combustion room is provided with the first burner and gas vent, described dust storage chamber is provided with the outlet of dirt body, described dryer underframe one end is to the distance on ground and H1, the other end is H2 to the distance on ground, described H1>H2, described dryer underframe is provided with supporting component, first sprocket wheel and dryer motor, described supporting component has two, and be arranged at dryer underframe two ends respectively, described supporting component comprises four dryer bearing blocks and two raceway axles, described four dryer bearing blocks are on average arranged at dryer underframe both sides between two respectively, described raceway axle is arranged between two dryer bearing blocks, described supporting component is provided with raceway, described drying cylinder body is arranged in raceway, described raceway is provided with some raceway supports, described raceway support is connected with drying cylinder body, described drying cylinder body outer wall is provided with the second sprocket wheel, described second sprocket wheel is provided with chain, described first sprocket wheel is connected with dryer motor with chain, realize coordinating transmission by chain and the second sprocket wheel, described drying cylinder body inwall is provided with some nose bars, described drying cylinder body one end is connected with flue gas secondary combustion casing side, the other end is provided with the second burner and dryer discharging opening, described first burner and the second burner are equipped with bolt, realize respectively being connected with drying cylinder body with flue gas secondary combustion room by bolt, described stirring cage conveyer one end connects with drying cylinder body one end through flue gas secondary combustion casing,
Described melting tank comprises melting tank main body, described melting tank main body comprises importing holds, outlet side and stirring elevator, described importing end is provided with aluminium bits entrance, aluminium liquid promotes mouth and the first pipeline, described outlet side comprises the outlet of aluminium liquid and second pipe, described aluminium bits entrance is promoted mouth with aluminium liquid and is connected by the first pipeline, the funnel-form that aluminium bits entrance is tapered, described aluminium liquid outlet is communicated with second pipe, described stirring elevator comprises the first stirring elevator and second and stirs elevator, described first stirs elevator is arranged at aluminium liquid lifting mouth place, described second stirs elevator is arranged at aluminium liquid exit,
Described stirring elevator comprises elevator base, elevator column, the first reductor, the second reductor, main shaft of hoister and graphite vanes rotor, described elevator column is cuboid, vertically be fixedly installed on elevator base, its lower end is provided with from sprocket wheel, described first reductor is vertically arranged at elevator column upper end, the driving end of the first reductor is horizontally disposed with, and it is fixed with head sprocket;
On described elevator column, cover has lifting casing, described lifting casing is the cuboid of hollow, 8 angles in the cuboid that lifting casing is are provided with 8 rollers, described roller is symmetrical arranged, and fits with elevator column outer surface, and lifting casing is provided with chain and supporting traverse, the upper end of described chain is affixed with the upper surface of lifting casing, and through head sprocket, the lower end of chain is passed from sprocket wheel, and affixed with the lower surface of lifting casing;
Described supporting traverse level is fixedly installed on lifting casing side, second reductor is fixed on supporting traverse upper surface by elevator support, the driving end of the second reductor is arranged down, which is provided with main belt pulley, supporting traverse side is provided with heat dissipation tank, and described heat dissipation tank is hollow structure, its outer wall has the louvre being communicated with heat dissipation tank, its upper surface and lower surface are provided with bearing, and described louvre is kidney-shaped;
Described main shaft of hoister comprises axle one and axle two, described axle one is through elevator bearing, and be vertically fixed on heat dissipation tank, the upper end of axle one is provided with from belt pulley, described from belt pulley and main belt pulley same level height, and cover have V belt, described axle two is arranged at axle one lower end, and with axle one by the first flange coaxial removably connect fixing;
Logical second flange of described graphite vanes rotor and axle two fixing to removably connecting, comprise 4 elevator blades, described elevator blade is arranged down, in bent inside elevator blade, comprises longitudinal edge, hypotenuse and horizontal edge successively, the angle that described hypotenuse and vertical direction are is α, described α=19 °, described longitudinal side length is N1, and the length of described horizontal edge is N2, the length of hypotenuse is N1:N2:N3=7:9:27 described in N3, and it is truncated cone-shaped that graphite vanes rotor rotates the adsorbent chamber formed;
The side of described first pipeline and aluminium consider entrance and aluminium liquid to be worth doing, and to promote the outer rim of mouth tangent.
2. a kind of aluminium bits retracting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized by, described dewaterer clutch shaft bearing is 6220 bearings, and dewaterer second bearing is 6222 bearings.
3. a kind of aluminium bits retracting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized by, the length of described spacer is 140mm.
CN201510643207.5A 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 A kind of aluminium skimmings retracting device CN105522434B (en)

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CN111113135A (en) * 2020-02-12 2020-05-08 文学福 Novel vertical boring machine of chamber is inhaled to frame pipe based on high temperature piece sputter protection

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