CN205237694U - Aluminum scrap recovery device - Google Patents

Aluminum scrap recovery device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205237694U
CN205237694U CN201520771999.XU CN201520771999U CN205237694U CN 205237694 U CN205237694 U CN 205237694U CN 201520771999 U CN201520771999 U CN 201520771999U CN 205237694 U CN205237694 U CN 205237694U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
magnetic
magnetic separator
dewaterer
fixed
elevator
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Application number
CN201520771999.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖双喜
张苏嵘
张振
Original Assignee
镇江裕久智能装备股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201520771999.XU priority Critical patent/CN205237694U/en
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Publication of CN205237694U publication Critical patent/CN205237694U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an aluminum scrap recovery device, including the pair stir, breaker, hydroextractor, magnet separator, drying -machine, melting tank, the pair stir and the breaker between be equipped with the first board lifting machine that expands, be equipped with the second between breaker and the hydroextractor and expand the board lifting machine, be equipped with the third between hydroextractor and the magnet separator and expand the board lifting machine, be equipped with the fourth between magnet separator and the drying -machine and expand the board lifting machine for the aluminium bits are retrieved and are recycled, and the energy consumption is low, and production efficiency is high, has practiced thrift the cost, safe and reliable.

Description

A kind of aluminium bits retracting device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of aluminium bits retracting device, for the recycling of aluminium bits.
Background technology
When aluminium casting carries out machining, smear metal accounts for 20% of casting weight, is up to 30% left and right. Reclaiming aluminium bits can reduce production costs, and has good economic benefit.
When lathe work, can produce a large amount of aluminium bits, the mode of at present aluminium bits being processed is the aluminium bits collecting box that every lathe is equipped with a platform independent, within every 4 hours, need to change a secondary aluminium bits collecting box, consider aluminium to be worth doing collect in collecting box aluminium bits and transport in aluminium bits treatment system and unify to process, monthly need manually aluminium to be considered to be worth doing to collecting box and haul out the sediment with cleaning the inside. There is certain defect in this mode:
1. need artificial replacing and cleaning aluminium bits collecting box every day, increased human cost;
2. aluminium bits mix and are not easy to separate with cuttings liquid, and cuttings liquid waste is more;
3. the aluminium bits collecting box of every lathe outfit not only takes up room greatly, also needs cost higher maintenance cost and human cost.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of aluminium bits retracting device for above drawback, and for the recycling of aluminium bits, energy consumption is low, and production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of aluminium bits retracting device, comprise that duplex stirs, disintegrating machine, dewaterer, magnetic separator, dryer, melting tank, described duplex is stirred and be provided with the first expansion plate elevator between disintegrating machine, between disintegrating machine and dewaterer, be provided with the second expansion plate elevator, between dewaterer and magnetic separator, be provided with the 3rd and expand plate elevator, between magnetic separator and dryer, be provided with the 4th and expand plate elevator;
Described duplex is stirred and is held together to comprise the first housing, cycloid speed reducer and Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, described the first housing comprises the first upper shell and the first lower house, described the first lower house cross sectional shape is w shape structure, make to form Liang Gejiaolong mechanism in the first lower house and place cavity, the first upper shell is provided with the first hopper, the first lower house is provided with the first discharging opening, described Jiao Long mechanism comprises seamless pipe, blade, travelling gear and axle sleeve, described axle sleeve is fixed on the first lower house outer wall, seamless pipe is fixed in the first lower house by axle sleeve, travelling gear is fixed on the external part of seamless pipe, described blade twist structure is arranged on seamless pipe outside, the length L 1 of described blade is 1600-1800mm, the screw diameter D of blade is 240-260mm, spiral shell spacing L2 between adjacent two screw threads of blade is 180-200mm, the direction of rotation of the blade of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is identical, what described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism was parallel to each other be arranged on Jiao Long mechanism places in cavity, described cycloid speed reducer is fixedly connected with the external part of seamless pipe by shaft coupling, between the travelling gear of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, be connected by the first belt,
Described disintegrating machine, comprise the second upper shell, the second lower house, broken transmission mechanism, material hammer, screen cloth and motor, described the second upper shell is pyramidal structure, the second upper shell is provided with the second charging aperture, the second lower house is provided with the second discharging opening, described broken transmission mechanism comprises transmission main shaft, fixed disk, spacer and material hammer shaft group, the quantity of described fixed disk is 6, fixed disk is fixed on transmission main shaft outside, the quantity of described spacer is 5, be fixed on transmission main shaft outside, between two adjacent fixed disks, between described two adjacent fixed disks, be provided with a material hammer shaft group, arrange altogether 5 groups, each material hammer shaft group comprises 4 material hammer shafts, 4 material hammer shafts are symmetrical arranged as axle center taking transmission main shaft, described material hammer shaft is sheathed with material hammer shaft cover outward, material hammer shaft cover and material hammer shaft matched in clearance, making material hammer shaft cover can material hammer shaft be that rotate in axle center, described transmission main shaft is through lower house, transmission main shaft is fixed on the second lower house by bearing block is rotating, transmission main shaft one end is provided with belt pulley, the other end is provided with balancing disk, described motor is provided with drive plate, between drive plate and belt pulley, be connected by the second belt,
Described material hammer comprises material hammer main body, material hammer main body periphery all be provided with 4 hammer leaves, between two adjacent hammer leaves, vertically arrange, described each material hammer shaft puts fixes a material hammer, expects to hammer into shape and is longitudinally crisscross arranged for adjacent two in each material hammer shaft group;
Described screen cloth is arranged in the second lower house, and screen cloth is positioned at broken transmission mechanism below, and the second discharging opening is positioned at screen cloth below;
Described dewaterer comprises dewaterer base, described dewaterer base one end is provided with dewaterer bracing frame, the other end is provided with dewaterer workbench, described dewaterer workbench is provided with manhole, installing hole and dewaterer shell, described dewaterer shell one side is provided with discharging rubbing board, described dewaterer base one side is provided with dehydration motor seat, dehydration motor seat is provided with dehydration motor, dehydration motor one end is provided with dewaterer the first belt pulley, described manhole place is provided with dewaterer bearing block, described dewaterer bearing block one end is provided with dewaterer clutch shaft bearing, the other end is provided with dewaterer the second bearing, in described dewaterer bearing block, be provided with dewaterer main shaft, described dewaterer bearing block is provided with mounting blocks and fixed station, described fixed station is provided with rotating cylinder, in described rotating cylinder, be provided with rotating disc, rotating disc is provided with rotation bucket, between described rotating cylinder and fixed station, be provided with water proof ring, described rotating cylinder one end is realized and being connected with fixed station by bolt, the other end is provided with fixed head, described fixed head one end is provided with the first fixed block, the other end is provided with the second fixed block and cleaning rod, described dewaterer main shaft one end is provided with dewaterer the second belt pulley, the other end is successively through dewaterer clutch shaft bearing, dewaterer bearing block, dewaterer the second bearing, fixed station, water proof ring and rotating cylinder are connected with rotating disc, described dewaterer the first belt pulley achieves a fixed connection by dewaterer belt and dewaterer the second belt pulley,
Described magnetic separator comprises magnetic separator housing and magnetic separation barrel, and described magnetic separation barrel is arranged in magnetic separator housing;
Described magnetic separator housing comprises magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house, described magnetic separator upper shell is the cuboid of hollow, described magnetic separator lower house is cuboid, its lower end is provided with two symmetrical magnetic separator discharging openings, described magnetic separator discharging opening is respectively the assorted material outlet of magnetic separator and the outlet of magnetic separator aluminium bits, the lower surface of magnetic separator upper shell is identical with the upper surface size shape of magnetic separator lower house, between magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house, be provided with multiple connecting plate groups, described connecting plate group comprises 2 connecting plates that are oppositely arranged, the cross section of described connecting plate is L-shaped, 2 connecting plate one sides and magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house are welded and fixed, opposite side is fitted mutually, affixed by bolt,
Described magnetic separator upper shell is provided with magnetic separator feed pipe, described magnetic separator feed pipe comprises magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator flared tube, described magnetic separator feed pipe is the cuboid of hollow, in it, be provided with guide plate one and guide plate two, described guide plate one is α with the angle that vertical direction is, described α=35 °, described guide plate two is β with the angle that vertical direction is, described β=35 ° ~ 45 °, described magnetic separator flared tube is the terrace with edge shape of hollow, the lower surface size shape of the cuboid that the upper surface of the terrace with edge shape that magnetic separator flared tube is is with magnetic separator feed pipe is identical, the upper surface size shape of the cuboid that the lower surface of the terrace with edge shape that magnetic separator flared tube is is with magnetic separator upper shell is identical, magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator flared tube are integrally welded, magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator upper shell are integrally welded,
The both sides of described magnetic separator housing are provided with 2 symmetrical holes, be respectively rotation hole and adjustment hole, described rotation hole place is provided with bearing fixed bin, described bearing fixed bin comprises magnetic separator bearing block and magnetic separator bearing cover, in described magnetic separator bearing block, be provided with magnetic separator the 3rd bearing, outside described magnetic separator bearing cover fit and magnetic separator bearing block, and affixed by bolt and magnetic separator bearing block, and described adjustment hole place is provided with magnetic axis fixed cover;
Described magnetic separation barrel comprises cylinder, magnetic bucket, power transmission shaft and magnetic axis, described cylinder is horizontally disposed with, and be the cylinder of hollow, the cylindrical left and right sides of its hollow being is provided with magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange, described magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange are affixed by bolt and cylinder, magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange are annular, the center of magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange is provided with magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole, in described magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole, be fixed with magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing, the center of described magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange is provided with magnetic separation barrel the second axis hole, in described magnetic separation barrel the second axis hole, be fixed with magnetic separation barrel the second bearing,
Described magnetic bucket is horizontally disposed with, be positioned at cylinder, which is provided with magnet, magnetic bucket is the cylindrical of hollow, its columniform outer wall being is provided with the magnet holder of evenly arranging, described magnet holder is square, described magnet is fixed on magnet holder by fixed block, be covered on the outer wall of magnetic bucket, the left and right sides of magnetic bucket is respectively equipped with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange, described the first magnetic bucket mounting flange and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange are annular, its center has the first magnetic bucket fixing hole and the second magnetic bucket fixing hole, described the first magnetic bucket fixing hole is provided with magnetic bucket fixed axis, described magnetic bucket fixed axis is horizontally disposed with, its right-hand member inserts the first magnetic bucket fixing hole and is connected with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket, its left end is through magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole, and with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing,
Described power transmission shaft is horizontally disposed with, comprise transmission shaft driven end and power transmission shaft stiff end, power transmission shaft is through rotation hole, the inwall interference fit of its middle part and magnetic separator the 3rd bearing, its power transmission shaft stiff end and magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange are affixed, power transmission shaft stiff end is provided with the concentric holes of level, described magnetic axis is horizontally disposed with, comprise magnetic axis fixed connecting end and magnetic axis adjustable side, described magnetic axis adjustable side is provided with magnetic axis and regulates spanner, magnetic axis is through adjustment hole and magnetic axis fixed cover, the inwall interference fit of its middle part and magnetic separation barrel the second bearing, its magnetic axis fixed connecting end inserts the second magnetic bucket fixing hole and is connected with the second magnetic bucket mounting flange by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket, the left end of described magnetic bucket fixed axis is provided with same core bar, described same core bar and concentric holes matched in clearance, and insert in concentric holes,
Described magnet is permanent magnet, and its angle that is covered in that columniform central axis that the relative magnetic bucket of the coverage rate being on the outer wall of magnetic bucket is is is γ, and described γ is 135 °-150 °;
Described transmission shaft driven end is connected with magnetic separator motor, realizes the high speed rotating of magnet drum;
Described magnetic axis fixed cover is annular, which is provided with clamping screw, and described clamping screw runs through magnetic axis fixed cover upper end, and freely upper and lower turn, realizes the locking to magnetic axis and unclamps;
Described dryer comprises flue gas secondary combustion casing, dryer underframe, drying cylinder body and stirring cage conveyer, described flue gas secondary combustion casing one end is provided with flue gas secondary combustion chamber, the other end is provided with dust storage chamber, described flue gas secondary combustion chamber is provided with the first burner and gas vent, described dust storage chamber is provided with the outlet of dirt body, described dryer underframe one end is to distance and the H1 on ground, the other end is H2 to the distance on ground, described H1 > H2, described dryer underframe is provided with supporting component, the first sprocket wheel and dryer motor, described supporting component has two, and be arranged at respectively dryer underframe two ends, described supporting component comprises four dryer bearing blocks and two raceway axles, described four dryer bearing blocks are on average arranged at respectively dryer underframe both sides between two, described raceway axle is arranged between two dryer bearing blocks, described supporting component is provided with raceway, described drying cylinder body is arranged in raceway, described raceway is provided with some raceway supports, described raceway support is connected with drying cylinder body, described drying cylinder body outer wall is provided with the second sprocket wheel, described the second sprocket wheel is provided with chain, described the first sprocket wheel is connected with dryer motor with chain, realize and coordinate transmission with the second sprocket wheel by chain, described drying cylinder body inwall is provided with some nose bars, described drying cylinder body one end is connected with flue gas secondary combustion casing one side, the other end is provided with the second burner and dryer discharging opening, on described the first burner and the second burner, be equipped with bolt, realize respectively with flue gas secondary combustion chamber and being connected with drying cylinder body by bolt, described stirring cage conveyer one end joins through flue gas secondary combustion casing and drying cylinder body one end,
Described melting tank comprises melting tank main body, described melting tank main body comprises importing holds, outlet side and stirring elevator, described importing end is provided with aluminium bits entrance, aluminium liquid promotes mouth and the first pipeline, described outlet side comprises the outlet of aluminium liquid and second pipe, described aluminium bits entrance promotes mouth with aluminium liquid and is connected by the first pipeline, the tapered funnel-form of aluminium bits entrance, described aluminium liquid outlet is communicated with second pipe, described stirring elevator comprises that the first stirring elevator and second stirs elevator, described first stirs elevator is arranged at aluminium liquid lifting mouthful place, described second stirs elevator is arranged at aluminium liquid exit,
Described stirring elevator comprises elevator base, elevator column, the first reductor, the second reductor, main shaft of hoister and graphite vanes rotor, described elevator column is cuboid, vertically be fixedly installed on elevator base, its lower end is provided with from sprocket wheel, described the first reductor is vertically arranged at elevator column upper end, the driving end of the first reductor is horizontally disposed with, and is fixed with head sprocket on it;
On described elevator column, cover has lifting casing, described lifting casing is the cuboid of hollow, 8 angles in the cuboid that lifting casing is are provided with 8 rollers, described roller is symmetrical arranged, and fits with elevator column outer surface, and lifting casing is provided with chain and supporting traverse, the upper surface of the upper end of described chain and lifting casing is affixed, and through head sprocket, the lower end of chain is passed from sprocket wheel, and affixed with the lower surface of lifting casing;
Described supporting traverse level is fixedly installed on lifting casing one side, the second reductor is fixed on supporting traverse upper surface by elevator support, the driving end of the second reductor arranges down, which is provided with main belt pulley, supporting traverse one side is provided with heat dissipation tank, and described heat dissipation tank is hollow structure, has the louvre that is communicated with heat dissipation tank on its outer wall, its upper surface and lower surface are provided with bearing, and described louvre is kidney-shaped;
Described main shaft of hoister comprises axle one and axle two, described axle one is through elevator bearing, and be vertically fixed on heat dissipation tank, the upper end of axle one is provided with from belt pulley, described from belt pulley and main belt pulley same level height, and cover have V belt, described axle two is arranged at axle one lower end, and with axle one by the first flange coaxial removably connect fixing;
Logical the second flange of described graphite vanes rotor and axle two are fixing to removably connecting, comprise 4 elevator blades, described elevator blade arranges down, and elevator blade inner side is bent, comprises successively longitudinal edge, hypotenuse and horizontal edge, the angle that described hypotenuse and vertical direction are is α, described α=19 °, described longitudinal edge length is N1, the length of described horizontal edge is N2, the length of hypotenuse is N1:N2:N3=7:9:27 described in N3, and the adsorbent chamber that graphite vanes rotor forms is truncated cone-shaped;
The outer rim of one side of described the first pipeline and aluminium bits entrance and aluminium liquid lifting mouth is tangent.
Above-mentioned a kind of aluminium bits retracting device, wherein, described dewaterer clutch shaft bearing is 6220 bearings, dewaterer the second bearing is 6222 bearings.
Above-mentioned a kind of aluminium bits retracting device, wherein, the length of described spacer is 140mm.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
When the work of this device, aluminium bits are stirred and are held together to be sent to the first expansion plate elevator by duplex, first expands plate elevator is sent to aluminium bits after crusher in crushing, being sent to dewaterer by the second expansion plate elevator again dewaters, expand plate elevator by the 3rd again and be sent to magnetic separator, magnetic separator is discharged respectively irony foreign material and decontamination aluminium bits, decontamination aluminium bits are sent to dryer by the 4th expansion plate elevator and dry, decontamination aluminium bits after drying machine is dried enter fusing recycling in melting tank, energy consumption is low, production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
When the utility model uses, aluminium bits are entered in housing by the first hopper, start cycloid speed reducer, cycloid speed reducer drives the seamless pipe rotating in same direction of Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, thereby the blade of Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is pushed simultaneously to the aluminium bits in the first housing, until push to the first discharging opening, aluminium bits fall into the 3rd charging aperture from the first discharging opening, through expanding plate elevator Lifting Convey to the three discharging openings, fall into the second charging aperture of disintegrating machine through the 3rd discharging opening, when disintegrating machine uses, aluminium bits enter in disintegrating machine, starter motor, motor rotates by the second belt band movable strap disc, belt pulley drives transmission main shaft to rotate, transmission main shaft drives fixed disk to rotate, because being fixed on material hammer shaft, material hammer puts, material hammer shaft cover can rotate as axle center taking material hammer shaft, and adjacent material hammer is crisscross arranged, material hammer both can carry out taking transmission main shaft as axle center circular motion, can carry out taking material hammer shaft as axle center again rotation, therefore, when aluminium is considered to be worth doing behind the second lower house inside, through the dual rotary action of material hammer, can fully carry out fragmentation, after fragmentation, fell into screen cloth, satisfactory through excessively taking out from discharging opening after screen cloth, do not reach the fragmentation that re-starts of broken requirement, until fragmentation completes, the utility model energy consumption is low, and fragmentation is sieved and settled at one go, and production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
This duplex is stirred and is held together to be exclusively used in aluminium bits removal process, the structure of blade arranges the particularity that meets aluminium completely and consider to be worth doing this product, both ensured propelling movement power, there will not be again stuck or the situation such as block, simple in structure, improve production efficiency, ensure the continuity of production process, save cost, safe and reliable.
Dewaterer is simple in structure, reasonable in design, the first belt pulley when dewaterer work on motor drives the second belt pulley to rotate by belt, and the second belt pulley drives main shaft and rotating disc to rotate, thereby rotation bucket is rotated, hydrone is struggled against and is thrown out of by rotation, the object that reaches dehydration, dewatering efficiency is better, utilizes clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing in bearing block repeatedly to regulate simultaneously, stressed more even, noise is less, after while utilizing fixed head on rotating cylinder to prevent dewaterer work, aluminium is cut and is splashed everywhere, the rotating cylinder that flies out enters dewaterer inside, produce stop up present, the security performance of lifting dewatering machine entirety, clearing up by cleaning rod and guide the aluminium in rotating cylinder to cut, the aluminium that makes to complete dehydration work is cut directly and is discharged by discharging rubbing board, without manually clearing up, save a large amount of manpowers, material resources, cost is lower, utilize the water proof ring between rotating cylinder and fixed station simultaneously, play good waterproof action, avoid water to enter dewaterer inside, improve overall security performance, extend its service life.
Magnetic separator is simple in structure, reasonable in design, the characteristic that is nonmagnetic material based on aluminium, by rotating magnetic separation barrel fast, magnetic scrap and aluminium bits are separated from processing scrap, thereby realize the recycling to aluminium bits, aluminium bits good separating effect of the present utility model, cylinder and magnetic bucket stable connection simultaneously, the concentricity that cylinder rotates is high, is difficult for eccentric situation occurs, and equipment is not fragile, magnet positions capable of regulating in magnetic bucket, it is convenient to correct, and upper shell and lower house are detachable connection, and overhaul of the equipments is convenient.
When dryer uses, aluminium bits are delivered into drying cylinder body by stirring cage conveyer, Electric Machine Control the first sprocket rotation, by chain-driving the second sprocket rotation, make drying cylinder body rotation, nose bar band material to the drying cylinder body top of inwall falls, and constantly repeats, the second burner is fully dried aluminium bits material, and dry aluminium bits from discharging opening output; The risings such as the oil smoke aqueous vapor that oven dry produces enter the flue gas secondary combustion chamber of flue gas secondary combustion casing, and through the first burner second-time burning, the gas of generation is discharged by gas vent, and waste material residue falls into dust storage chamber, are discharged by the outlet of dirt body.
When dry cylindrical shell rotation, the raceway support being attached thereto drives raceway to rotate on raceway axle, forms orbit determination and supports; Drying cylinder body is established nose bar band material in adopting, and makes aluminium bits and heat contact-making surface large, dries more fully, and saving heat energy consumes, and makes full use of cylindrical shell height, is beneficial to and reduces device volume, can continuous feed, increase work efficiency; Underframe one end is to distance and the H1 on ground, and being greater than the other end is H2 to the distance on ground, makes aluminium bits under Action of Gravity Field, slide to discharging opening, saves energy consumption; Employing integrates the design of drying with flue gas secondary combustion, and drying waste heat makes oil smoke aqueous vapor be difficult for condensation, saves energy consumption, has greatly reduced disposal of pollutants, is beneficial to equipment cleaning simultaneously.
To sum up, drying machine structure is simple, reasonable in design, can realize that aluminium bits are fully dried and to drying the flue gas secondary combustion producing, pollute little, efficiency is high, energy consumption cost is low.
Melting tank, its graphite vanes rotor stretches into aluminium bits and reclaims in transmission melting tank (lower abbreviation: melting tank), by the rotation of blade, make generation negative pressure in adsorbent chamber, to the aluminium liquid of fusing high temperature, extract, and impacting by blade, discharge in the pipeline of a side extracting the high temperature aluminum liquid coming up, the pipeline other end connects and is the funnelform mouth that confluxes, a mouthful connection melting tank confluxes, high temperature aluminum liquid is whirlpool shape subsequently, again enter in melting tank, enter from mouthful upper end of confluxing without the aluminium bits of crossing fusing recovery, enter in melting tank with high temperature aluminum liquid, melt recovery.
Melting tank extracts high temperature aluminum liquid by stirring elevator, run through fusing and removal process, aluminium bits are whirlpool shape and enter melting tank with high temperature aluminum liquid, importing process is smooth and easy, can there is not sputter in high temperature aluminum liquid, the graphite vanes rotor stirring on elevator is connected with the second reductor by main shaft, realize and rotating, by the first reductor, chain and lifting casing, realize upper and lower feeding, roller in lifting casing is close to column, movable stable, the second reductor is by main belt pulley, indirectly drive main shaft to rotate from belt pulley and V belt, thereby the entirety vibrations of stirring elevator are reduced, graphite vanes rotor high-speed rotates, in adsorbent chamber, produce negative pressure, can directly extract aluminium liquid, and impacting by blade, high temperature aluminum liquid is discharged, graphite vanes rotor itself is extremely high temperature resistant simultaneously, running is smooth, louvre on heat dissipation tank, the temperature that can effectively graphite vanes rotor be delivered on main shaft leaves, and axle one, axle two and graphite vanes rotor are detachable connection, as be damaged or wear and tear, can change individually, reduce the maintenance difficulty that stirs elevator, also reduced the cost of overhaul.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structure chart.
Fig. 2 is the utility model disintegrating machine cutaway view.
Fig. 3 is the broken transmission mechanism structure chart of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is that the utility model A-A is to view.
Fig. 5 is that the utility model duplex stirs top view.
Fig. 6 is that the utility model duplex stirs side view.
Fig. 7 is the utility model dewaterer structure chart.
Fig. 8 is the utility model magnetic separator front view.
Fig. 9 is the utility model magnetic separator side view.
Figure 10 is the utility model power transmission shaft and magnetic bucket fixed axis schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is the utility model magnetic axis schematic diagram.
Figure 12 is the utility model dryer front view.
Figure 13 is the utility model dryer top view.
Figure 14 is the utility model dryer left view.
Figure 15 is the utility model melting tank schematic diagram.
Figure 16 is that aluminium bits entrance, the aluminium liquid of the utility model melting tank promotes mouth and the first pipeline schematic diagram.
Figure 17 is the aluminium bits entrance side view of the utility model melting tank.
Figure 18 is the stirring elevator schematic diagram of the utility model melting tank.
Figure 19 is the graphite vanes rotor schematic diagram of the utility model melting tank.
Figure 20 is the attached chamber schematic diagram of the utility model melting tank.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
A kind of aluminium bits retracting device as shown in the figure, comprise that duplex stirs 1, disintegrating machine 2, dewaterer 3, magnetic separator 4, dryer 5, melting tank 6, described duplex is stirred and be provided with the first expansion plate elevator 7 between disintegrating machine, between disintegrating machine and dewaterer, be provided with the second expansion plate elevator 8, between dewaterer and magnetic separator, be provided with the 3rd and expand plate elevator 9, between magnetic separator and dryer, be provided with the 4th and expand plate elevator 10;
Described duplex is stirred 1 and is comprised the first housing 125, cycloid speed reducer 126 and Liang Gejiaolong mechanism 127, described the first housing 125 comprises the first upper shell 128 and the first lower house 129, described the first lower house 129 cross sectional shapes are w shape structure, make the interior formation of the first lower house 129 Liang Gejiaolong mechanism place cavity 130, the first upper shell 128 is provided with the first hopper 131, the first lower house 129 is provided with the first discharging opening 132, described Jiao Long mechanism 127 comprises seamless pipe 133, blade 134, travelling gear 135 and axle sleeve 136, described axle sleeve 136 is fixed on the first lower house 129 outer walls, seamless pipe 133 is fixed in the first lower house 129 by axle sleeve 136, travelling gear 135 is fixed on the external part 137 of seamless pipe 133, described blade 134 twist structure is arranged on seamless pipe 133 outsides, the length L 1 of described blade 134 is 1600-1800mm, the screw diameter D of blade 134 is 240-260mm, spiral shell spacing L2 between adjacent two screw threads of blade 134 is 180-200mm, the direction of rotation of the blade 134 of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is identical, what described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism 127 was parallel to each other be arranged on Jiao Long mechanism places in cavity 130, described cycloid speed reducer 126 is fixedly connected with the external part 137 of seamless pipe by shaft coupling 138, between the travelling gear 135 of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, be connected by the first belt 139,
Described disintegrating machine 2 comprises the second upper shell 21, the second lower house 22, broken transmission mechanism 23, material hammer 24, screen cloth 25 and motor 26, described the second upper shell 21 is pyramidal structure, the second upper shell 21 is provided with the second charging aperture 27, the second lower house 22 is provided with the second discharging opening 28, described broken transmission mechanism 23 comprises transmission main shaft 29, fixed disk 210, spacer 211 and material hammer shaft group 212, the quantity of described fixed disk 210 is 26, fixed disk 210 is fixed on transmission main shaft 29 outsides, the quantity of described spacer 211 is 25, be fixed on transmission main shaft 29 outsides, between two adjacent fixed disks 210, the length L of described spacer 211 is 140mm, between described two adjacent fixed disks 210, be provided with a material hammer shaft group 212, arrange altogether 5 groups, each material hammer shaft group 212 comprises 4 material hammer shafts 13, 4 material hammer shafts 213 are symmetrical arranged as axle center taking transmission main shaft 29, the outer material hammer shaft cover 214 that is sheathed with of described material hammer shaft 213, material hammer shaft cover 214 and material hammer shaft 213 matched in clearance, make material hammer shaft cover 214 can material hammer shaft 213 for rotating in axle center, described transmission main shaft 29 is through lower house 22, transmission main shaft 29 is fixed on the second lower house 22 by bearing block 215 is rotating, transmission main shaft 29 one end are provided with belt pulley 216, the other end is provided with balancing disk 217, described motor 26 is provided with drive plate 218, between drive plate 218 and belt pulley 216, be connected by the second belt 219,
Described material hammer 24 comprises material hammer main body 220, material hammer main body 220 peripheries all be provided with 4 hammer leaves 221, between two adjacent hammer leaves 221, vertically arrange, on described each material hammer shaft cover 214, fix a material hammer 24, two the adjacent material hammers 24 in each material hammer shaft group 212 are longitudinally crisscross arranged;
Described screen cloth 25 is arranged in the second lower house 22, and screen cloth 25 is positioned at broken transmission mechanism 23 belows, and the second discharging opening 28 is positioned at screen cloth 25 belows;
Described dewaterer 3 comprises dewaterer base 31, described base 31 one end are provided with dewaterer bracing frame 32, the other end is provided with dewaterer workbench 33, described dewaterer workbench 33 is provided with manhole 34, installing hole 35 and dewaterer shell 36, described dewaterer shell 36 1 sides are provided with discharging rubbing board 37, described dewaterer base 31 1 sides are provided with dehydration motor seat 38, dehydration motor seat 38 is provided with dehydration motor 39, dehydration motor 39 one end are provided with dewaterer the first belt pulley 310, described manhole 34 places are provided with dewaterer bearing block 311, described dewaterer bearing block 311 one end are provided with dewaterer clutch shaft bearing 312, the other end is provided with dewaterer the second bearing 313, in described dewaterer bearing block 311, be provided with dewaterer main shaft 314, described dewaterer bearing block 311 is provided with mounting blocks 315 and fixed station 316, described fixed station 316 is provided with rotating cylinder 317, in described rotating cylinder 317, be provided with rotating disc 318, rotating disc 318 is provided with rotation bucket 319, between described rotating cylinder 317 and fixed station 316, be provided with water proof ring 320, described rotating cylinder 317 one end are realized and being connected with fixed station 316 by bolt 321, the other end is provided with fixed head 322, described fixed head 322 one end are provided with the first fixed block 323, the other end is provided with the second fixed block 324 and cleaning rod 325, described dewaterer main shaft 314 one end are provided with dewaterer the second belt pulley 326, the other end is successively through dewaterer clutch shaft bearing 312, dewaterer bearing block 311, dewaterer the second bearing 313, fixed station 316, water proof ring 320 and rotating cylinder 317 are connected with rotating disc 318, described dewaterer the first belt pulley 310 achieves a fixed connection by dewaterer belt 327 and dewaterer the second belt pulley 326,
Described magnetic separator 4 comprises magnetic separator housing 41 and magnetic separation barrel 42, and described magnetic separation barrel 42 is arranged in magnetic separator housing 41;
Described magnetic separator housing 41 comprises magnetic separator upper shell 43 and magnetic separator lower house 44, described magnetic separator upper shell 43 is the cuboid of hollow, described magnetic separator lower house 44 is cuboid, its lower end is provided with two symmetrical magnetic separator discharging openings, described magnetic separator discharging opening is respectively the assorted material outlet 45 of magnetic separator and magnetic separator aluminium bits outlet 46, the lower surface of magnetic separator upper shell 43 is identical with the upper surface size shape of magnetic separator lower house 44, between magnetic separator upper shell 43 and magnetic separator lower house 44, be provided with multiple connecting plate groups 47, described connecting plate group 47 comprises 42 connecting plates that are oppositely arranged 48, the cross section of described connecting plate 48 is L-shaped, 2 connecting plate 48 1 sides and magnetic separator upper shell 43 and magnetic separator lower house 44 are welded and fixed, opposite side is fitted mutually, affixed by bolt,
Described magnetic separator upper shell 43 is provided with magnetic separator feed pipe 49, described magnetic separator feed pipe 49 comprises magnetic separator feed pipe 410 and magnetic separator flared tube 411, described magnetic separator feed pipe 49 is the cuboid of hollow, in it, be provided with guide plate 1 and guide plate 2 413, described guide plate 1 is α with the angle that vertical direction is, described α=35 °, described guide plate two is β with the angle that vertical direction is, described β=35 ° ~ 45 °, described magnetic separator flared tube 411 is the terrace with edge shape of hollow, the lower surface size shape of the cuboid that the upper surface of the terrace with edge shape that magnetic separator flared tube 411 is is with magnetic separator feed pipe 410 is identical, the upper surface size shape of the cuboid that the lower surface of the terrace with edge shape that magnetic separator flared tube 411 is is with magnetic separator upper shell 43 is identical, magnetic separator feed pipe 410 is integrally welded with magnetic separator flared tube 411, magnetic separator feed pipe 49 is integrally welded with magnetic separator upper shell 43,
The both sides of described magnetic separator housing 41 are provided with 2 symmetrical holes, be respectively rotation hole 414 and adjustment hole 415, described rotation hole 414 places are provided with bearing fixed bin 416, described bearing fixed bin 416 comprises magnetic separator bearing block 417 and magnetic separator bearing cover 418, in described magnetic separator bearing block 417, be provided with magnetic separator the 3rd bearing 419, outside described magnetic separator bearing cover 418 fits and magnetic separator bearing block 417, and affixed by bolt and magnetic separator bearing block 417, described adjustment hole 415 places are provided with magnetic axis fixed cover 420;
Described magnetic separation barrel 42 comprises cylinder 421, magnetic bucket 422, power transmission shaft 423 and magnetic axis 424, described cylinder 421 is horizontally disposed with, and be the cylinder of hollow, the cylindrical left and right sides of its hollow being is provided with magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange 425 and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange 426, described magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange 425 and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange 426 are affixed by bolt and cylinder 421, magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange 425 and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange 426 are annular, the center of magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange 425 is provided with magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole 427, in described magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole 427, be fixed with magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing 428, the center of described magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange 426 is provided with magnetic separation barrel the second axis hole 429, in described magnetic separation barrel the second axis hole 429, be fixed with magnetic separation barrel the second bearing 430,
Described magnetic bucket 422 is horizontally disposed with, be positioned at cylinder 421, which is provided with magnet 431, magnetic bucket 422 is the cylindrical of hollow, its columniform outer wall being is provided with the magnet holder 432 of evenly arranging, described magnet 422 holders are square, described magnet 422 is fixed on magnet holder 432 by fixed block, be covered on the outer wall of magnetic bucket 422, the left and right sides of magnetic bucket 422 is respectively equipped with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange 433 and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange 434, described the first magnetic bucket mounting flange 433 and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange 434 are annular, its center has the first magnetic bucket fixing hole 435 and the second magnetic bucket fixing hole 436, described the first magnetic bucket fixing hole 435 is provided with magnetic bucket fixed axis 437, described magnetic bucket fixed axis 437 is horizontally disposed with, its right-hand member inserts the first magnetic bucket fixing hole 435 and is connected with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange 433 by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket 422, its left end is through magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole 427, and with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing 428,
Described power transmission shaft 423 is horizontally disposed with, comprise transmission shaft driven end 438 and power transmission shaft stiff end 439, power transmission shaft 423 is through rotation hole 414, the inwall interference fit of its middle part and magnetic separator the 3rd bearing 419, its power transmission shaft stiff end 439 is affixed with magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange 425, power transmission shaft stiff end 439 is provided with the concentric holes 440 of level, described magnetic axis 424 is horizontally disposed with, comprise magnetic axis fixed connecting end 441 and magnetic axis adjustable side 442, described magnetic axis adjustable side 442 is provided with magnetic axis and regulates spanner 443, magnetic axis 424 is through adjustment hole 415 and magnetic axis fixed cover 420, the inwall interference fit of its middle part and magnetic separation barrel the second bearing 430, magnetic axis fixed connecting end 439 inserts the second magnetic bucket fixing hole 436 and is connected with the second magnetic bucket mounting flange 434 by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket 422, the left end of described magnetic bucket fixed axis 437 is provided with same core bar 444, described same core bar 444 and concentric holes 440 matched in clearance, and insert in concentric holes 440,
Described magnet 431 is permanent magnet, and its angle that is covered in that columniform central axis that the relative magnetic bucket 422 of the coverage rate being on the outer wall of magnetic bucket 422 is is is γ, and described γ is 135 °-150 °;
Described transmission shaft driven end 438 is connected with magnetic separator motor, realizes the high speed rotating of magnet drum 42;
Described magnetic axis fixed cover 420 is annular, which is provided with clamping screw 446, and described clamping screw 446 runs through magnetic axis fixed cover 420 upper ends, and freely upper and lower turn, realizes the locking to magnetic axis 424 and unclamps;
Described dryer 5 comprises flue gas secondary combustion casing 53, dryer underframe 512, drying cylinder body 514 and stirring cage conveyer 51, described flue gas secondary combustion casing 53 one end are provided with flue gas secondary combustion chamber 52, the other end is provided with dust storage chamber 54, described flue gas secondary combustion chamber 52 is provided with the first burner 57 and gas vent 56, described dust storage chamber 54 is provided with dirt body outlet 55, described dryer underframe 512 one end are to distance and the H1 on ground, the other end is H2 to the distance on ground, described H1 > H2, described dryer underframe 512 is provided with supporting component 510, the first sprocket wheel 518 and dryer motor 511, described supporting component 510 has two, and be arranged at respectively dryer underframe two ends, described supporting component 510 comprises four dryer bearing blocks 58 and two raceway axles 59, described four dryer bearing blocks 58 are on average arranged at respectively dryer underframe 512 both sides between two, described raceway axle 59 is arranged between two dryer bearing blocks 58, described supporting component 510 is provided with raceway 516, described drying cylinder body 514 is arranged in raceway 516, described raceway 516 is provided with some raceway supports 515, described raceway support 515 is connected with drying cylinder body 514, described drying cylinder body 514 outer walls are provided with the second sprocket wheel 513, described the second sprocket wheel 513 is provided with chain 522, described the first sprocket wheel 518 is connected with dryer motor 511 with chain 522, realize and coordinate transmission with the second sprocket wheel 513 by chain 522, described drying cylinder body 514 inwalls are provided with some nose bars 520, described drying cylinder body 514 one end are connected with flue gas secondary combustion casing 53 1 sides, the other end is provided with the second burner 517 and dryer discharging opening 521, on described the first burner 57 and the second burner 517, be equipped with bolt, realize respectively with flue gas secondary combustion chamber 52 and being connected with drying cylinder body 514 by bolt, described stirring cage conveyer 51 one end join through flue gas secondary combustion casing 53 and drying cylinder body 514 one end,
Described melting tank 6 comprises melting tank main body 60, described melting tank main body 60 comprises importing holds 628, outlet side 629 and stirring elevator 630, described importing end 628 is provided with aluminium bits entrance 631, aluminium liquid promotes mouth 632 and the first pipeline 633, described outlet side 629 comprises the outlet 634 of aluminium liquid and second pipe 635, described aluminium bits entrance 631 promotes mouth 632 with aluminium liquid and is connected by the first pipeline 633, the tapered funnel-form of aluminium bits entrance 631, described aluminium liquid outlet 634 is communicated with second pipe 635, described stirring elevator 630 comprises that the first stirring elevator 636 and second stirs elevator 637, described first stirs elevator 636 is arranged at aluminium liquid lifting mouthful 632 places, described the second stirring elevator 637 is arranged at aluminium liquid and exports 634 places,
Described stirring elevator 630 comprises elevator base 61, elevator column 62, the first reductor 63, the second reductor 64, main shaft of hoister 65 and graphite vanes rotor 66, described elevator column 62 is cuboid, vertically be fixedly installed on elevator base 61, its lower end is provided with from sprocket wheel 67, described the first reductor 63 is vertically arranged at elevator column 62 upper ends, the driving end of the first reductor 63 is horizontally disposed with, and is fixed with head sprocket 68 on it;
On described elevator column 62, cover has lifting casing 69, described lifting casing 69 is the cuboid of hollow, 8 angles in the cuboid that lifting casing 69 is are provided with 8 rollers 610, described roller 610 is symmetrical arranged, and fit with elevator column 62 outer surfaces, lifting casing 69 is provided with chain 611 and supporting traverse 612, the upper surface of the upper end of described chain 611 and lifting casing 69 is affixed, and through head sprocket 68, the lower end of chain 611 is passed from sprocket wheel 67, and affixed with the lower surface of lifting casing 69;
Described supporting traverse 612 levels are fixedly installed on lifting casing 69 1 sides, the second reductor 64 is fixed on supporting traverse 612 upper surfaces by elevator support 613, the driving end of the second reductor 64 arranges down, which is provided with main belt pulley 614, supporting traverse 612 1 sides are provided with heat dissipation tank 615, and described heat dissipation tank 615 is hollow structure, have the louvre 616 that is communicated with heat dissipation tank 615 on its outer wall, its upper surface and lower surface are provided with bearing, and described louvre 616 is kidney-shaped;
Described main shaft of hoister 65 comprises axle 1 and axle 2 618, described axle 1 is through elevator bearing, and be vertically fixed on heat dissipation tank 615, the upper end of axle 1 is provided with from belt pulley 619, described from belt pulley 619 and main belt pulley 614 same level height, and cover have V belt 620, described axle 2 618 is arranged at axle one 617 lower ends, and with axle 1 by the first flange 621 coaxial removably connect fixing;
Logical the second flange 622 of described graphite vanes rotor 66 is fixing to removably connecting with axle 2 618, comprise 4 elevator blades 623, described elevator blade 623 arranges down, elevator blade 623 inner sides are bent, comprise successively longitudinal edge 624, hypotenuse 625 and horizontal edge 626, described hypotenuse 625 is α with the angle that vertical direction is, described α=19 °, described longitudinal edge 624 length are N1, the length of described horizontal edge 626 is N2, the length of hypotenuse 625 is N1:N2:N3=7:9:27 described in N3, and the adsorbent chamber 627 that graphite vanes rotor 66 rotates to form is truncated cone-shaped;
The outer rim of one side of described the first pipeline 633 and aluminium bits entrance 631 and aluminium liquid lifting mouth 632 is tangent.
When the work of this device, aluminium bits are stirred and are held together to be sent to the first expansion plate elevator by duplex, first expands plate elevator is sent to aluminium bits after crusher in crushing, being sent to dewaterer by the second expansion plate elevator again dewaters, expand plate elevator by the 3rd again and be sent to magnetic separator, magnetic separator is discharged respectively irony foreign material and decontamination aluminium bits, decontamination aluminium bits are sent to dryer by the 4th expansion plate elevator and dry, decontamination aluminium bits after drying machine is dried enter fusing recycling in melting tank, energy consumption is low, production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
When the utility model uses, aluminium bits are entered in housing by the first hopper, start cycloid speed reducer, cycloid speed reducer drives the seamless pipe rotating in same direction of Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, thereby the blade of Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is pushed simultaneously to the aluminium bits in the first housing, until push to the first discharging opening, aluminium bits fall into the 3rd charging aperture from the first discharging opening, through expanding plate elevator Lifting Convey to the three discharging openings, fall into the second charging aperture of disintegrating machine through the 3rd discharging opening, when disintegrating machine uses, aluminium bits enter in disintegrating machine, starter motor, motor rotates by the second belt band movable strap disc, belt pulley drives transmission main shaft to rotate, transmission main shaft drives fixed disk to rotate, because being fixed on material hammer shaft, material hammer puts, material hammer shaft cover can rotate as axle center taking material hammer shaft, and adjacent material hammer is crisscross arranged, material hammer both can carry out taking transmission main shaft as axle center circular motion, can carry out taking material hammer shaft as axle center again rotation, therefore, when aluminium is considered to be worth doing behind the second lower house inside, through the dual rotary action of material hammer, can fully carry out fragmentation, after fragmentation, fell into screen cloth, satisfactory through excessively taking out from discharging opening after screen cloth, do not reach the fragmentation that re-starts of broken requirement, until fragmentation completes, the utility model energy consumption is low, and fragmentation is sieved and settled at one go, and production efficiency is high, has saved cost, safe and reliable.
This duplex is stirred and is held together to be exclusively used in aluminium bits removal process, the structure of blade arranges the particularity that meets aluminium completely and consider to be worth doing this product, both ensured propelling movement power, there will not be again stuck or the situation such as block, simple in structure, improve production efficiency, ensure the continuity of production process, save cost, safe and reliable.
Dewaterer is simple in structure, reasonable in design, the first belt pulley when dewaterer work on motor drives the second belt pulley to rotate by belt, and the second belt pulley drives main shaft and rotating disc to rotate, thereby rotation bucket is rotated, hydrone is struggled against and is thrown out of by rotation, the object that reaches dehydration, dewatering efficiency is better, utilizes clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing in bearing block repeatedly to regulate simultaneously, stressed more even, noise is less, after while utilizing fixed head on rotating cylinder to prevent dewaterer work, aluminium is cut and is splashed everywhere, the rotating cylinder that flies out enters dewaterer inside, produce stop up present, the security performance of lifting dewatering machine entirety, clearing up by cleaning rod and guide the aluminium in rotating cylinder to cut, the aluminium that makes to complete dehydration work is cut directly and is discharged by discharging rubbing board, without manually clearing up, save a large amount of manpowers, material resources, cost is lower, utilize the water proof ring between rotating cylinder and fixed station simultaneously, play good waterproof action, avoid water to enter dewaterer inside, improve overall security performance, extend its service life.
Magnetic separator is simple in structure, reasonable in design, the characteristic that is nonmagnetic material based on aluminium, by rotating magnetic separation barrel fast, magnetic scrap and aluminium bits are separated from processing scrap, thereby realize the recycling to aluminium bits, aluminium bits good separating effect of the present utility model, cylinder and magnetic bucket stable connection simultaneously, the concentricity that cylinder rotates is high, is difficult for eccentric situation occurs, and equipment is not fragile, magnet positions capable of regulating in magnetic bucket, it is convenient to correct, and upper shell and lower house are detachable connection, and overhaul of the equipments is convenient.
When dryer uses, aluminium bits are delivered into drying cylinder body by stirring cage conveyer, Electric Machine Control the first sprocket rotation, by chain-driving the second sprocket rotation, make drying cylinder body rotation, nose bar band material to the drying cylinder body top of inwall falls, and constantly repeats, the second burner is fully dried aluminium bits material, and dry aluminium bits from discharging opening output; The risings such as the oil smoke aqueous vapor that oven dry produces enter the flue gas secondary combustion chamber of flue gas secondary combustion casing, and through the first burner second-time burning, the gas of generation is discharged by gas vent, and waste material residue falls into dust storage chamber, are discharged by the outlet of dirt body.
When dry cylindrical shell rotation, the raceway support being attached thereto drives raceway to rotate on raceway axle, forms orbit determination and supports; Drying cylinder body is established nose bar band material in adopting, and makes aluminium bits and heat contact-making surface large, dries more fully, and saving heat energy consumes, and makes full use of cylindrical shell height, is beneficial to and reduces device volume, can continuous feed, increase work efficiency; Underframe one end is to distance and the H1 on ground, and being greater than the other end is H2 to the distance on ground, makes aluminium bits under Action of Gravity Field, slide to discharging opening, saves energy consumption; Employing integrates the design of drying with flue gas secondary combustion, and drying waste heat makes oil smoke aqueous vapor be difficult for condensation, saves energy consumption, has greatly reduced disposal of pollutants, is beneficial to equipment cleaning simultaneously.
To sum up, drying machine structure is simple, reasonable in design, can realize that aluminium bits are fully dried and to drying the flue gas secondary combustion producing, pollute little, efficiency is high, energy consumption cost is low.
Melting tank, its graphite vanes rotor stretches into aluminium bits and reclaims in transmission melting tank (lower abbreviation: melting tank), by the rotation of blade, make generation negative pressure in adsorbent chamber, to the aluminium liquid of fusing high temperature, extract, and impacting by blade, discharge in the pipeline of a side extracting the high temperature aluminum liquid coming up, the pipeline other end connects and is the funnelform mouth that confluxes, a mouthful connection melting tank confluxes, high temperature aluminum liquid is whirlpool shape subsequently, again enter in melting tank, enter from mouthful upper end of confluxing without the aluminium bits of crossing fusing recovery, enter in melting tank with high temperature aluminum liquid, melt recovery.
Melting tank extracts high temperature aluminum liquid by stirring elevator, run through fusing and removal process, aluminium bits are whirlpool shape and enter melting tank with high temperature aluminum liquid, importing process is smooth and easy, can there is not sputter in high temperature aluminum liquid, the graphite vanes rotor stirring on elevator is connected with the second reductor by main shaft, realize and rotating, by the first reductor, chain and lifting casing, realize upper and lower feeding, roller in lifting casing is close to column, movable stable, the second reductor is by main belt pulley, indirectly drive main shaft to rotate from belt pulley and V belt, thereby the entirety vibrations of stirring elevator are reduced, graphite vanes rotor high-speed rotates, in adsorbent chamber, produce negative pressure, can directly extract aluminium liquid, and impacting by blade, high temperature aluminum liquid is discharged, graphite vanes rotor itself is extremely high temperature resistant simultaneously, running is smooth, louvre on heat dissipation tank, the temperature that can effectively graphite vanes rotor be delivered on main shaft leaves, and axle one, axle two and graphite vanes rotor are detachable connection, as be damaged or wear and tear, can change individually, reduce the maintenance difficulty that stirs elevator, also reduced the cost of overhaul.
Here description of the present utility model and application is illustrative; not want scope of the present utility model to limit in the above-described embodiments; therefore, the utility model is not subject to the restriction of the present embodiment, and the technical scheme that any employing equivalence replacement obtains is all in the scope of the utility model protection.

Claims (3)

1. an aluminium bits retracting device, it is characterized by, comprise that duplex stirs, disintegrating machine, dewaterer, magnetic separator, dryer, melting tank, described duplex is stirred and be provided with the first expansion plate elevator between disintegrating machine, between disintegrating machine and dewaterer, be provided with the second expansion plate elevator, between dewaterer and magnetic separator, be provided with the 3rd and expand plate elevator, between magnetic separator and dryer, be provided with the 4th and expand plate elevator;
Described duplex is stirred and is held together to comprise the first housing, cycloid speed reducer and Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, described the first housing comprises the first upper shell and the first lower house, described the first lower house cross sectional shape is w shape structure, make to form Liang Gejiaolong mechanism in the first lower house and place cavity, the first upper shell is provided with the first hopper, the first lower house is provided with the first discharging opening, described Jiao Long mechanism comprises seamless pipe, blade, travelling gear and axle sleeve, described axle sleeve is fixed on the first lower house outer wall, seamless pipe is fixed in the first lower house by axle sleeve, travelling gear is fixed on the external part of seamless pipe, described blade twist structure is arranged on seamless pipe outside, the length L 1 of described blade is 1600-1800mm, the screw diameter D of blade is 240-260mm, spiral shell spacing L2 between adjacent two screw threads of blade is 180-200mm, the direction of rotation of the blade of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism is identical, what described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism was parallel to each other be arranged on Jiao Long mechanism places in cavity, described cycloid speed reducer is fixedly connected with the external part of seamless pipe by shaft coupling, between the travelling gear of described Liang Gejiaolong mechanism, be connected by the first belt,
Described disintegrating machine, comprise the second upper shell, the second lower house, broken transmission mechanism, material hammer, screen cloth and motor, described the second upper shell is pyramidal structure, the second upper shell is provided with the second charging aperture, the second lower house is provided with the second discharging opening, described broken transmission mechanism comprises transmission main shaft, fixed disk, spacer and material hammer shaft group, the quantity of described fixed disk is 6, fixed disk is fixed on transmission main shaft outside, the quantity of described spacer is 5, be fixed on transmission main shaft outside, between two adjacent fixed disks, between described two adjacent fixed disks, be provided with a material hammer shaft group, arrange altogether 5 groups, each material hammer shaft group comprises 4 material hammer shafts, 4 material hammer shafts are symmetrical arranged as axle center taking transmission main shaft, described material hammer shaft is sheathed with material hammer shaft cover outward, material hammer shaft cover and material hammer shaft matched in clearance, making material hammer shaft cover can material hammer shaft be that rotate in axle center, described transmission main shaft is through lower house, transmission main shaft is fixed on the second lower house by bearing block is rotating, transmission main shaft one end is provided with belt pulley, the other end is provided with balancing disk, described motor is provided with drive plate, between drive plate and belt pulley, be connected by the second belt,
Described material hammer comprises material hammer main body, material hammer main body periphery all be provided with 4 hammer leaves, between two adjacent hammer leaves, vertically arrange, described each material hammer shaft puts fixes a material hammer, expects to hammer into shape and is longitudinally crisscross arranged for adjacent two in each material hammer shaft group;
Described screen cloth is arranged in the second lower house, and screen cloth is positioned at broken transmission mechanism below, and the second discharging opening is positioned at screen cloth below;
Described dewaterer comprises dewaterer base, described dewaterer base one end is provided with dewaterer bracing frame, the other end is provided with dewaterer workbench, described dewaterer workbench is provided with manhole, installing hole and dewaterer shell, described dewaterer shell one side is provided with discharging rubbing board, described dewaterer base one side is provided with dehydration motor seat, dehydration motor seat is provided with dehydration motor, dehydration motor one end is provided with dewaterer the first belt pulley, described manhole place is provided with dewaterer bearing block, described dewaterer bearing block one end is provided with dewaterer clutch shaft bearing, the other end is provided with dewaterer the second bearing, in described dewaterer bearing block, be provided with dewaterer main shaft, described dewaterer bearing block is provided with mounting blocks and fixed station, described fixed station is provided with rotating cylinder, in described rotating cylinder, be provided with rotating disc, rotating disc is provided with rotation bucket, between described rotating cylinder and fixed station, be provided with water proof ring, described rotating cylinder one end is realized and being connected with fixed station by bolt, the other end is provided with fixed head, described fixed head one end is provided with the first fixed block, the other end is provided with the second fixed block and cleaning rod, described dewaterer main shaft one end is provided with dewaterer the second belt pulley, the other end is successively through dewaterer clutch shaft bearing, dewaterer bearing block, dewaterer the second bearing, fixed station, water proof ring and rotating cylinder are connected with rotating disc, described dewaterer the first belt pulley achieves a fixed connection by dewaterer belt and dewaterer the second belt pulley,
Described magnetic separator comprises magnetic separator housing and magnetic separation barrel, and described magnetic separation barrel is arranged in magnetic separator housing;
Described magnetic separator housing comprises magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house, described magnetic separator upper shell is the cuboid of hollow, described magnetic separator lower house is cuboid, its lower end is provided with two symmetrical magnetic separator discharging openings, described magnetic separator discharging opening is respectively the assorted material outlet of magnetic separator and the outlet of magnetic separator aluminium bits, the lower surface of magnetic separator upper shell is identical with the upper surface size shape of magnetic separator lower house, between magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house, be provided with multiple connecting plate groups, described connecting plate group comprises 2 connecting plates that are oppositely arranged, the cross section of described connecting plate is L-shaped, 2 connecting plate one sides and magnetic separator upper shell and magnetic separator lower house are welded and fixed, opposite side is fitted mutually, affixed by bolt,
Described magnetic separator upper shell is provided with magnetic separator feed pipe, described magnetic separator feed pipe comprises magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator flared tube, described magnetic separator feed pipe is the cuboid of hollow, in it, be provided with guide plate one and guide plate two, described guide plate one is α with the angle that vertical direction is, described α=35 °, described guide plate two is β with the angle that vertical direction is, described β=35 ° ~ 45 °, described magnetic separator flared tube is the terrace with edge shape of hollow, the lower surface size shape of the cuboid that the upper surface of the terrace with edge shape that magnetic separator flared tube is is with magnetic separator feed pipe is identical, the upper surface size shape of the cuboid that the lower surface of the terrace with edge shape that magnetic separator flared tube is is with magnetic separator upper shell is identical, magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator flared tube are integrally welded, magnetic separator feed pipe and magnetic separator upper shell are integrally welded,
The both sides of described magnetic separator housing are provided with 2 symmetrical holes, be respectively rotation hole and adjustment hole, described rotation hole place is provided with bearing fixed bin, described bearing fixed bin comprises magnetic separator bearing block and magnetic separator bearing cover, in described magnetic separator bearing block, be provided with magnetic separator the 3rd bearing, outside described magnetic separator bearing cover fit and magnetic separator bearing block, and affixed by bolt and magnetic separator bearing block, and described adjustment hole place is provided with magnetic axis fixed cover;
Described magnetic separation barrel comprises cylinder, magnetic bucket, power transmission shaft and magnetic axis, described cylinder is horizontally disposed with, and be the cylinder of hollow, the cylindrical left and right sides of its hollow being is provided with magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange, described magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange are affixed by bolt and cylinder, magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange and magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange are annular, the center of magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange is provided with magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole, in described magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole, be fixed with magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing, the center of described magnetic separation barrel the second mounting flange is provided with magnetic separation barrel the second axis hole, in described magnetic separation barrel the second axis hole, be fixed with magnetic separation barrel the second bearing,
Described magnetic bucket is horizontally disposed with, be positioned at cylinder, which is provided with magnet, magnetic bucket is the cylindrical of hollow, its columniform outer wall being is provided with the magnet holder of evenly arranging, described magnet holder is square, described magnet is fixed on magnet holder by fixed block, be covered on the outer wall of magnetic bucket, the left and right sides of magnetic bucket is respectively equipped with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange, described the first magnetic bucket mounting flange and the second magnetic bucket mounting flange are annular, its center has the first magnetic bucket fixing hole and the second magnetic bucket fixing hole, described the first magnetic bucket fixing hole is provided with magnetic bucket fixed axis, described magnetic bucket fixed axis is horizontally disposed with, its right-hand member inserts the first magnetic bucket fixing hole and is connected with the first magnetic bucket mounting flange by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket, its left end is through magnetic separation barrel the first axis hole, and with the inwall interference fit of magnetic separation barrel clutch shaft bearing,
Described power transmission shaft is horizontally disposed with, comprise transmission shaft driven end and power transmission shaft stiff end, power transmission shaft is through rotation hole, the inwall interference fit of its middle part and magnetic separator the 3rd bearing, its power transmission shaft stiff end and magnetic separation barrel the first mounting flange are affixed, power transmission shaft stiff end is provided with the concentric holes of level, described magnetic axis is horizontally disposed with, comprise magnetic axis fixed connecting end and magnetic axis adjustable side, described magnetic axis adjustable side is provided with magnetic axis and regulates spanner, magnetic axis is through adjustment hole and magnetic axis fixed cover, the inwall interference fit of its middle part and magnetic separation barrel the second bearing, its magnetic axis fixed connecting end inserts the second magnetic bucket fixing hole and is connected with the second magnetic bucket mounting flange by bolt, realization is affixed with magnetic bucket, the left end of described magnetic bucket fixed axis is provided with same core bar, described same core bar and concentric holes matched in clearance, and insert in concentric holes,
Described magnet is permanent magnet, and its angle that is covered in that columniform central axis that the relative magnetic bucket of the coverage rate being on the outer wall of magnetic bucket is is is γ, and described γ is 135 °-150 °;
Described transmission shaft driven end is connected with magnetic separator motor, realizes the high speed rotating of magnet drum;
Described magnetic axis fixed cover is annular, which is provided with clamping screw, and described clamping screw runs through magnetic axis fixed cover upper end, and freely upper and lower turn, realizes the locking to magnetic axis and unclamps;
Described dryer comprises flue gas secondary combustion casing, dryer underframe, drying cylinder body and stirring cage conveyer, described flue gas secondary combustion casing one end is provided with flue gas secondary combustion chamber, the other end is provided with dust storage chamber, described flue gas secondary combustion chamber is provided with the first burner and gas vent, described dust storage chamber is provided with the outlet of dirt body, described dryer underframe one end is to distance and the H1 on ground, the other end is H2 to the distance on ground, described H1 > H2, described dryer underframe is provided with supporting component, the first sprocket wheel and dryer motor, described supporting component has two, and be arranged at respectively dryer underframe two ends, described supporting component comprises four dryer bearing blocks and two raceway axles, described four dryer bearing blocks are on average arranged at respectively dryer underframe both sides between two, described raceway axle is arranged between two dryer bearing blocks, described supporting component is provided with raceway, described drying cylinder body is arranged in raceway, described raceway is provided with some raceway supports, described raceway support is connected with drying cylinder body, described drying cylinder body outer wall is provided with the second sprocket wheel, described the second sprocket wheel is provided with chain, described the first sprocket wheel is connected with dryer motor with chain, realize and coordinate transmission with the second sprocket wheel by chain, described drying cylinder body inwall is provided with some nose bars, described drying cylinder body one end is connected with flue gas secondary combustion casing one side, the other end is provided with the second burner and dryer discharging opening, on described the first burner and the second burner, be equipped with bolt, realize respectively with flue gas secondary combustion chamber and being connected with drying cylinder body by bolt, described stirring cage conveyer one end joins through flue gas secondary combustion casing and drying cylinder body one end,
Described melting tank comprises melting tank main body, described melting tank main body comprises importing holds, outlet side and stirring elevator, described importing end is provided with aluminium bits entrance, aluminium liquid promotes mouth and the first pipeline, described outlet side comprises the outlet of aluminium liquid and second pipe, described aluminium bits entrance promotes mouth with aluminium liquid and is connected by the first pipeline, the tapered funnel-form of aluminium bits entrance, described aluminium liquid outlet is communicated with second pipe, described stirring elevator comprises that the first stirring elevator and second stirs elevator, described first stirs elevator is arranged at aluminium liquid lifting mouthful place, described second stirs elevator is arranged at aluminium liquid exit,
Described stirring elevator comprises elevator base, elevator column, the first reductor, the second reductor, main shaft of hoister and graphite vanes rotor, described elevator column is cuboid, vertically be fixedly installed on elevator base, its lower end is provided with from sprocket wheel, described the first reductor is vertically arranged at elevator column upper end, the driving end of the first reductor is horizontally disposed with, and is fixed with head sprocket on it;
On described elevator column, cover has lifting casing, described lifting casing is the cuboid of hollow, 8 angles in the cuboid that lifting casing is are provided with 8 rollers, described roller is symmetrical arranged, and fits with elevator column outer surface, and lifting casing is provided with chain and supporting traverse, the upper surface of the upper end of described chain and lifting casing is affixed, and through head sprocket, the lower end of chain is passed from sprocket wheel, and affixed with the lower surface of lifting casing;
Described supporting traverse level is fixedly installed on lifting casing one side, the second reductor is fixed on supporting traverse upper surface by elevator support, the driving end of the second reductor arranges down, which is provided with main belt pulley, supporting traverse one side is provided with heat dissipation tank, and described heat dissipation tank is hollow structure, has the louvre that is communicated with heat dissipation tank on its outer wall, its upper surface and lower surface are provided with bearing, and described louvre is kidney-shaped;
Described main shaft of hoister comprises axle one and axle two, described axle one is through elevator bearing, and be vertically fixed on heat dissipation tank, the upper end of axle one is provided with from belt pulley, described from belt pulley and main belt pulley same level height, and cover have V belt, described axle two is arranged at axle one lower end, and with axle one by the first flange coaxial removably connect fixing;
Logical the second flange of described graphite vanes rotor and axle two are fixing to removably connecting, comprise 4 elevator blades, described elevator blade arranges down, and elevator blade inner side is bent, comprises successively longitudinal edge, hypotenuse and horizontal edge, the angle that described hypotenuse and vertical direction are is α, described α=19 °, described longitudinal edge length is N1, the length of described horizontal edge is N2, the length of hypotenuse is N1:N2:N3=7:9:27 described in N3, and the adsorbent chamber that graphite vanes rotor forms is truncated cone-shaped;
The outer rim of one side of described the first pipeline and aluminium bits entrance and aluminium liquid lifting mouth is tangent.
2. a kind of aluminium bits retracting device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized by, and described dewaterer clutch shaft bearing is 6220 bearings, and dewaterer the second bearing is 6222 bearings.
3. a kind of aluminium bits retracting device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized by, and the length of described spacer is 140mm.
CN201520771999.XU 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Aluminum scrap recovery device CN205237694U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105522434A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-04-27 镇江裕久智能装备股份有限公司 Aluminum scrap recycling device
CN106826388A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-06-13 宁波卓呈自动化装备有限公司 Magnetic separation device
CN110814850A (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-02-21 郭磊 Lathe processing bits processing apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105522434A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-04-27 镇江裕久智能装备股份有限公司 Aluminum scrap recycling device
CN105522434B (en) * 2015-10-08 2017-11-03 镇江裕久智能装备股份有限公司 A kind of aluminium skimmings retracting device
CN106826388A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-06-13 宁波卓呈自动化装备有限公司 Magnetic separation device
CN110814850A (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-02-21 郭磊 Lathe processing bits processing apparatus

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