CN105521942B - Tea seed classification winnowing machine - Google Patents

Tea seed classification winnowing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105521942B
CN105521942B CN201511016405.5A CN201511016405A CN105521942B CN 105521942 B CN105521942 B CN 105521942B CN 201511016405 A CN201511016405 A CN 201511016405A CN 105521942 B CN105521942 B CN 105521942B
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China
Prior art keywords
blanking
seed
discharge bucket
air channel
handle
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CN201511016405.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105521942A (en
Inventor
钟小明
伍为华
张喜雨
陆新光
冯亚明
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HUNAN LINZHISHEN LINYUN OIL-TEA CAMELLIA TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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HUNAN LINZHISHEN LINYUN OIL-TEA CAMELLIA TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201511016405.5A priority Critical patent/CN105521942B/en
Publication of CN105521942A publication Critical patent/CN105521942A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/02Arrangement of air or material conditioning accessories

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of tea seed classification winnowing machine, belong to agriculture and forestry product classification pneumatic separator technical field, including the hair-dryer being sequentially connected with, air channel, blast pipe, deduster, backwind tube, it is equipped with above the feed end in air channel below hopper, air channel sequentially provided with full seed discharge bucket, deficient full seed discharge bucket, miscellaneous shell discharge bucket;The hopper bottom is provided with blanking governor motion, blanking governor motion includes blanking adjustable plate, handle, locking handwheel, circular arc guide plate, blanking adjustable plate is fixedly connected with handle into angle, locking hole is provided with handle, hand wheel shaft is locked through the circular arc guide groove on locking hole, circular arc guide plate.The present invention utilizes full tea seed, not full tea seed, tea seed of the going mouldy physical characteristic different with ghost, broken shell density, blowed using high wind, the seed or ghost of different densities is driven to move different distances, distance according to drop point distance is divided into several different zones, so that four class materials be sorted out exactly.

Description

Tea seed classification winnowing machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture and forestry product classification pneumatic separator technical field, and in particular to tea seed classification winnowing machine.
Background technology
Tea oil processing enterprise is badly in need of tea seed classification to be separated with shell seed before tea seed drying squeezing, to adapt to squeezing not homogeneity Measure the tea oil of grade.The present invention tea seed of full grains is divided into a class, half full tea seed is divided into a class, the tea seed gone mouldy and Ghost is divided into a class, and dust, light impurity and broken shell are divided into a class.At present, mainly sorted, not only imitated using manual type Rate is low, labor intensity is big, and cost of labor is high, long in time limit, be not suitable for industrialized production processing, the sorting technology of this respect and The research ground zero of equipment.Tea seed kernel is wrapped around in shell, full tea seed, not full tea seed and the tea seed gone mouldy External diameter size is more or less the same, therefore does not have effect substantially using the method for screening, although have a kind of proportion screening installation in corn Etc. can sort in Small granular product, but tea seed particle is larger less practical, and sharpness of separation is inadequate.Patent No. A kind of CN201320673418 " fractional selecting device for camellia seeds " patent of invention, including support, the support are carried provided with bucket Machine, vibratory sieve, fines feed bin, housing, air-introduced machine, are combined using vibration screen and selection by winnowing and sieved, equipment cost is high, and structure is multiple It is miscellaneous, and the blanking collecting zone scope of high-quality seed hopper, the seed hopper that goes mouldy, flat seed hopper can not be adjusted flexibly according to supplied materials, point Class precision is not high.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to utilize full tea seed, not full tea seed, tea seed of the going mouldy thing different with ghost, broken shell density Characteristic is managed, is blowed using high wind, drives the seed or ghost of different densities to move different distances, according to the distance point of drop point distance For several different zones, so that full tea seed, not full tea seed, tea seed of going mouldy and ghost, broken shell be sorted out.
The present invention proposes a kind of tea seed classification winnowing machine, including be sequentially connected with hair-dryer, air channel, blast pipe, deduster, Backwind tube, is provided with above dismountable rectangle air inlet, the feed end in air channel between hair-dryer and air channel and hopper, air channel is housed Lower section is sequentially provided with full seed discharge bucket, deficient full seed discharge bucket, miscellaneous shell discharge bucket;The hopper bottom is adjusted provided with blanking Mechanism, blanking governor motion includes blanking adjustable plate, handle, locking handwheel, circular arc guide plate, and blanking adjustable plate and handle are into folder Angle is fixedly connected, and locking hole is provided with handle, locking hand wheel shaft is sequentially through the circular arc guide groove on circular arc guide plate, locking Hole, the junction of the blanking adjustable plate and handle sets a blanking jointed shaft;The locking hand wheel shaft is provided with external screw thread, locking Hole is provided with internal thread, and locking handwheel, circular arc guide plate are each provided at outside air channel;Blowing stopper, Guan Feng are housed below miscellaneous shell discharge bucket Motor spindle sets impurity discharging port;Wind reciprocation cycle in the pipeline of such a sealing and circulating, continuously carries out quality to tea seed Classification and the separation sorting of seed shell;The air channel is rectangular tube, and the blast pipe is round tube, air channel and blast pipe by day circularly Square joint is connected;The deduster is high speed whirlwind dust collector;The end of blanking jointed shaft two is fixed on hopper or machine On frame, the connecting portion of blanking adjustable plate and handle is sleeved on blanking jointed shaft, around the rotation of blanking jointed shaft, or the blanking Jointed shaft is rotatably arranged on hopper or in frame, and the connecting portion of blanking adjustable plate and handle is connected in blanking jointed shaft On, rotated with blanking jointed shaft.
Preferably, the full seed discharge bucket, deficient full seed discharge bucket are arranged side by side, and the sides adjacent part of two discharge buckets Connection, connectivity part sets adjustable partition board, and adjustable partition board can be rotated around the splicing jointed shaft of its underpart.
The splicing jointed shaft two ends are rotatably arranged in axle sleeve, and axle sleeve is fixed on the two discharge buckets connectivity part most On the headwall of low spot, splicing jointed shaft is fixedly connected through headwall with outside regulation handle;The connectivity part of two discharge bucket A transparent windows are set on headwall.
The motor of the hair-dryer is stepless speed-regulating motor.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The feed opening of hopper can not only adjust control provided with a blanking adjustable plate The discharge quantity size of tea seed, and blanking adjustable plate has an angle, and the adjustable angle of the angle with horizontal direction, makes to get off Tea seed there is the initial velocity of horizontal direction in level, under the action of the forces of the wind, classification separating effect is more preferably;Lock handwheel Handle is reliably locked on circular arc guide plate by axle through the circular arc guide groove on locking hole, circular arc guide plate, and circular arc is oriented to Plate is fixed on the outer wall of air channel;Part between full seed discharge bucket, deficient full seed discharge bucket in air channel bottom discharge mouth region domain Connection, designs an adjustable partition board, can adjust the size in the two regions, can according to the quality of supplied materials tea seed quality To be adjusted to optimum state, the precision of classification is improved;The motor of hair-dryer is stepless speed-regulating motor, can be adjusted according to different situations Wind speed size, different tea seeds can adjust appropriate wind speed and reach optimum efficiency;Whole system is in the environment of a closing Operation, working environment does not have dust excessive, seed shell in wind-force is eliminated by the high speed whirlwind dust collector before system fan Deng impurity, wash away damage of the impurity to fan blade is not only greatly reduced, the damage of equipment is reduced, and reduces fanman Noise when making, improves the comfort level of operating personnel;Blowing stopper is housed below miscellaneous shell discharge bucket, equipment can kept to close In the case of wind, i.e., in the case of the sealing of equipment and distinguished and admirable normal circulation, the tea gone mouldy is persistently discharged by miscellaneous shell discharge bucket Seed and ghost, can reduce the loss of wind-force, reduce the load of blower fan, and positioned at full seed discharge bucket above, deficient full seed Discharge bucket is because material deadweight is larger and it is more to measure, and lower backwardness can be slightly trapped in two buckets, block discharging opening, do not result in wind-force damage Consumption;Dismountable rectangle air inlet is provided between hair-dryer and air channel, can conveniently be overhauled, moreover it is possible to which different length is changed according to supplied materials Rectangle air inlet, reach more preferable separating effect.
In a word, the system devises adjustable hair-dryer wind speed variable speed, blanking governor motion, spout area is adjustable machine Structure, ensure that tea seed classification and seed shell separation accuracy by the linkage of multiple links, while production capacity can be made arbitrarily to adjust again, both improved Equipment effect meets the ability to provide the auxiliary items of front and continued process equipment again, improves the adaptability of equipment.Therefore, the present invention has sorting Efficiency high, effect are good, compact conformation, and clean environment is easy to use, the characteristics of production capacity is big.This equipment is not only applicable to oil tea The classification selection by winnowing of seed, and suitable for the classification selection by winnowing of the nut fruits products such as Chinese chestnut, peanut
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of blanking governor motion.
Fig. 3 is the adjustable partition board structural representation between two discharge buckets.
Reference:Hair-dryer 1, rectangle air inlet 2, hopper 3, air channel 4, hemispherical dome joint 5, Blowing stopper 6, air intake Pipe 7, deduster 8, backwind tube 9, miscellaneous shell discharge bucket 10, owe full seed discharge bucket 11, full seed discharge bucket 12, adjustable partition board 13, Blanking adjustable plate 14, handle 15, locking handwheel 16, circular arc guide plate 17, circular arc guide groove 18, axle sleeve 19, regulation handle 20, under Expect jointed shaft 21, impurity discharging port 22, splicing jointed shaft 23, transparent windows 24;
The realization, functional characteristics and advantage of the object of the invention will be described further referring to the drawings in conjunction with the embodiments.
Embodiment
It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
The present embodiment of embodiment one includes hair-dryer 1, air channel 4, blast pipe 7, deduster 8, the backwind tube 9 being sequentially connected with, Hopper 3 is housed, the lower section of air channel 1 is sequentially provided with full seed discharge bucket 12, deficient full seed discharge bucket above the feed end in air channel 4 11st, miscellaneous shell discharge bucket 10.The bottom of hopper 3 be provided with blanking governor motion, blanking governor motion include blanking adjustable plate 14, Handle 15, locking handwheel 16, circular arc guide plate 17, blanking adjustable plate 14 are fixedly connected into angle with handle 15, are provided with handle Locking hole, locking hand wheel shaft sequentially through the circular arc guide groove 18 on circular arc guide plate 17, locking hole, the blanking adjustable plate with The junction of handle sets a blanking jointed shaft 21.The locking hand wheel shaft is provided with external screw thread, and locking hole is provided with internal thread, locking Handwheel, circular arc guide plate are each provided at outside air channel.Blanking jointed shaft 21 is rotatably arranged on hopper or in frame, and blanking is adjusted The connecting portion of section plate 14 and handle 15 is connected on blanking jointed shaft 21, is rotated with blanking jointed shaft 21.The air channel 4 is square Pipe, the blast pipe 7 is round tube, and air channel 4 is connected with blast pipe 7 by hemispherical dome joint 5;The deduster 8 is at a high speed Cyclone dust collectors.The miscellaneous lower section of shell discharge bucket 10 is equipped with Blowing stopper 6, and the bottom of Blowing stopper 6 sets impurity discharging port 22.The full seed discharge bucket 11st, full seed discharge bucket 12 is owed to be arranged side by side, and the sides adjacent part of two discharge buckets is connected, connectivity part sets adjustable partition board 13, can Dividing plate 13 is adjusted to be rotated around the splicing jointed shaft 23 of its underpart.The end of splicing jointed shaft 23 2 is rotatably arranged in axle sleeve 19 Interior, axle sleeve 19 is fixed on the headwall of the two discharge buckets connectivity part minimum point, and blanking jointed shaft 21 passes through headwall and outside Regulation handle 20 is fixedly connected;A transparent windows are set on the connectivity part headwall of two discharge bucket;The company of two discharge bucket A transparent windows 24 are set on logical place's headwall.The blower motor is stepless speed-regulating motor.
The present embodiment of embodiment two and embodiment one are essentially identical, and difference is, blanking adjustable plate is connected with handle The end of jointed shaft two at place is fixed on hopper or in frame, and the connecting portion of blanking adjustable plate 14 and handle 15 is sleeved on jointed shaft On, rotated around jointed shaft.
The present invention the course of work be:Motor acting drives hair-dryer 1 to rotate, and wind enters rectangle air inlet 2, forms one The equal rectangle wind post of pressure, hopper 3 is just located at the front upper place of rectangle air inlet 2, and tea seed and shell are adjusted from hopper 3 along blanking Save plate 14 to be fallen under an angle of inclination in air channel 4, now high wind blows tea seed and shell travels forward, due to full tea seed, Not full tea seed, tea seed of going mouldy are different with ghost, the density of broken shell, therefore in the case where wind-force blows effect, when falling on 4 bottom of air channel Distance it is different, the tea seed of full grains falls on the full seed discharge bucket 12 closest from air inlet 2, not full tea seed Fall on apart from rectangle air inlet slightly remote deficient full seed discharge bucket 11, go mouldy seed and ghost fall on it is farther apart from rectangle air inlet Miscellaneous shell outlet, by designing a rotatable adjustable partition board 13 between full seed discharge bucket 12, deficient full seed discharge bucket 11, Receiving section segment length for adjusting the two discharging openings is short, it is possible to achieve accurate sub-material, full tea seed is fallen nearest full Seed discharge bucket 12, not full tea seed falls in slightly remote deficient full seed discharge bucket 11, then by adjusting the wind speed size of hair-dryer 1, It can make to go mouldy seed and ghost falls in farthest miscellaneous shell outlet 10, so that by full tea seed, not full tea seed, go mouldy seed and sky Shell is sorted out.Wind continue be blown into blast pipe 7 forward in air channel 4, due to dust, light impurity and fannings shell density more Small, they enter deduster 8 under the action of the forces of the wind, and deduster 8 is high speed whirlwind dust collector, and its bottom has been opened one and gone out Material mouth, big impurity and broken shell are just discharged from this discharging opening.So it is achieved that full tea seed, not full tea seed, goes mouldy Tea seed, ghost, broken shell and impurity are precisely separated.High speed whirlwind dust collector is connected by backwind tube 9 with hair-dryer 1.Wind Just the reciprocation cycle in the environment of such a sealing and circulating, continuously carries out quality grading and the separation point of seed shell to tea seed Choosing.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, it is every to utilize The equivalent structure transformation that description of the invention and accompanying drawing content are made, or the technical field of correlation is directly or indirectly used in, It is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of tea seed classification winnowing machine, it is characterised in that including the hair-dryer being sequentially connected with, air channel, blast pipe, deduster, Backwind tube, is provided with above dismountable rectangle air inlet, the feed end in air channel between hair-dryer and air channel and hopper, air channel is housed Lower section is sequentially provided with full seed discharge bucket, deficient full seed discharge bucket, miscellaneous shell discharge bucket;The hopper bottom is adjusted provided with blanking Mechanism, blanking governor motion includes blanking adjustable plate, handle, locking handwheel, circular arc guide plate, and blanking adjustable plate and handle are into folder Angle is fixedly connected, and locking hole is provided with handle, locking hand wheel shaft is sequentially through the circular arc guide groove on circular arc guide plate, locking Hole, the junction of the blanking adjustable plate and handle sets a blanking jointed shaft;The locking hand wheel shaft is provided with external screw thread, locking Hole is provided with internal thread, and locking handwheel, circular arc guide plate are each provided at outside air channel;Blowing stopper, Guan Feng are housed below miscellaneous shell discharge bucket Motor spindle sets impurity discharging port;Wind reciprocation cycle in the pipeline of such a sealing and circulating, continuously carries out quality to tea seed Classification and the separation sorting of seed shell;The air channel is rectangular tube, and the blast pipe is round tube, air channel and blast pipe by day circularly Square joint is connected;The deduster is high speed whirlwind dust collector;The end of blanking jointed shaft two is fixed on hopper or machine On frame, the connecting portion of blanking adjustable plate and handle is sleeved on blanking jointed shaft, around the rotation of blanking jointed shaft, or the blanking Jointed shaft is rotatably arranged on hopper or in frame, and the connecting portion of blanking adjustable plate and handle is connected in blanking jointed shaft On, rotated with blanking jointed shaft.
2. tea seed classification winnowing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the full seed discharge bucket, deficient full seed Discharge bucket is arranged side by side, and the sides adjacent part connection of two discharge buckets, and connectivity part sets adjustable partition board, and adjustable partition board can be around its underpart Splicing jointed shaft rotate.
3. tea seed classification winnowing machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the splicing jointed shaft two ends are rotationally Be arranged in axle sleeve, axle sleeve is fixed on the headwall of the two discharge buckets connectivity part minimum point, splicing jointed shaft through headwall with Outside regulation handle is fixedly connected;A transparent windows are set on the connectivity part headwall of two discharge bucket.
4. tea seed classification winnowing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the motor of the hair-dryer is stepless speed regulation Motor.
CN201511016405.5A 2015-12-29 2015-12-29 Tea seed classification winnowing machine Active CN105521942B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105521942B true CN105521942B (en) 2017-09-19

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107397240A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-28 桐乡市绿康净菜配送有限公司 A kind of beanpod removing device
CN109093700A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-28 广东工业大学 A kind of vegetables cutting equipment
CN109337756A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-02-15 湖南洪盛源油茶科技股份有限公司 The method of separating hull and kernel of tea seed

Family Cites Families (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2907927Y (en) * 2005-12-13 2007-06-06 柳小林 Induced-draught type fanning machine
RU2391150C1 (en) * 2009-03-23 2010-06-10 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Научно-производственная фирма "АЭРОМЕХ" (ООО "НПФ "АЭРОМЕХ") Pneumatic system for installation of loose mixture air separation in fluid medium
CN201454845U (en) * 2009-06-01 2010-05-12 简皓东 Electric winnower
CN202638760U (en) * 2012-07-07 2013-01-02 福建新坦洋茶业(集团)股份有限公司 Tea winnower capable of automatically adjusting air volume
CN202823890U (en) * 2012-08-22 2013-03-27 赵新庄 Novel winnowing type peanut sorting machine
CN204866515U (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-12-16 湖北宇隆茶业有限责任公司 Tealeaves wind selector
CN205496041U (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-08-24 湖南林之神林韵油茶科技发展有限公司 Hierarchical air separator of tea seed

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