CN105310377A - Self-heating fiber raschel blanket producing method - Google Patents

Self-heating fiber raschel blanket producing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105310377A
CN105310377A CN201510662091.XA CN201510662091A CN105310377A CN 105310377 A CN105310377 A CN 105310377A CN 201510662091 A CN201510662091 A CN 201510662091A CN 105310377 A CN105310377 A CN 105310377A
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China
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spontaneous heating
temperature
speed
heating fiber
hair
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CN105310377B (en
Inventor
毛森贤
陈玉霜
郑其明
孟波
俞宏斌
陈金霞
吴明贤
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Zhejiang Truelove Blanket Industry Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Truelove Blanket Industry Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of blanket preparation, and discloses a self-heating fiber raschel blanket producing method. Self-heating filament yarns serve as plush yarns, and dacron FDY serves as ground yarns. The self-heating fiber raschel blanket producing method comprises the following steps of (1) weaving: spooling, beaming, knitting, wool cutting and checking; (2) pre-treating: drying and shaping, brushing and lustring; (3) dyeing and finishing: dyeing, reductive cleaning and soft and smooth treatment, and dehydrating and drying; (4) aftertreatment; 4.1, drying and shaping, 4.2, front surface lustring, 4.3, front surface brushing, 4.4, front surface polishing and shearing, 4.5, back surface fuzzing, 4.6, back surface brushing, 4.7, back surface lustring, 4.8, back surface gripping shearing, 4.9, re-shaping, 4.10 front surface polishing and shearing, 4.11 back surface polishing and sharing, and 4.12 cutting strip sewing; and (5) packing and storing. Blankets produced by the method have excellent hygroscopicity and a self-heating function, are soft, and are high in comfort level.

Description

A kind of production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket
Technical field
The present invention relates to woollen blanket preparation field, particularly relate to a kind of production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's material and culture level, people also in raising, not only require warming, attractive in appearance to the requirement of textile, and more focus on comfortableness and functional.Functional textile becomes one of the developing trend in textile industry future, jointly forms the large tendency of following textile by with fine count fiber textile, non-woven fabrics, composite, ep-type material etc.The exploitation developing into functional textile of science and technology now provides guarantee, simultaneously also for textile enterprise develops and product restructuring, serves larger facilitation and improves the added value of textile.Study and produce the ecological and healthy functional textile product that is beneficial to man, having become the trend that the world today develops.
In general, the functionalization of textile realizes mainly through two approach: one is realized by the functional treatment of fabric, and this is also the main path of current functional textile exploitation; Two is functionalization of textile fabric.Along with the development of science and technology and the enhancing gradually of people's environmental protection consciousness; the limitation of fabric functional Final finishing processing method receives the concern of people day by day; the defect that the functional product obtained not only exists the durability of function, the comfortableness of use and security aspect is processed by the method, and inevitable to environment in arrangement process.Then can be overcome many drawbacks of fabric functional Final finishing by functional fiber machining functions textile, be the development trend obtaining functional textile.
Hosiery industry, under the leading of new and high technology, is actively adjusted the product mix, and payes attention to new raw material and the exploitation, particularly fibre in differentiation of new product and the exploitation of functional fiber kind, greatly promotes the development of hosiery industry.In Rachael blanket field, along with the exploitation of novel material and the progress of utilization and technology, constantly widen its product scope.Except conventional Rachael blanket, develop high in technological content Rachael blanket and become an important developing direction.The each large authoritative textile mechanism research in the world shows, the development trend in textile product field pursues comfortableization and multifunction.
Present consumer not only requires that Rachael blanket has warmth retention property, and have that matte is plentiful, soft comfortable, plain noble quality, slim and graceful feel style.But at home on market Rachael blanket generally based on acrylic fibers and terylene woollen blanket, also have cotton and the wool Rachael blanket of small part, quality scale is lower or expensive, can not meet the need of market, and therefore exploitation has functional Rachael blanket becomes a kind of trend.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket.The woollen blanket that the present invention produces has outstanding hygroscopicity and spontaneous heating function, and softness, comfortableness are good.
Concrete technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, using spontaneous heating fiber filament as plush yarn, using polyester FDY as wire gauze, comprises the steps:
1), weave: winder → warping → weave → cut open suede, inspection.
2), prefinishing: drying and shaping → bristle → hot light.
3), dyeing and finishing: the process → dehydration of dyeing → reduction cleaning, flexible smooth, oven dry.
4), Final finishing: 4.1 fronts, bristle → 4.4, front, hot light → 4.3, front, drying and shaping → 4.2 scald cut → 4.5 fluffing → 4.6 back sides, hot light → 4.8, the back side, bristle → 4.7, the back side, the back sides grab cut → 4.9 multiple sizing → 4.10 fronts scald cut → 4.11 back sides scald cuts → 4.12 slittings sew up.
5), packaging warehouse-in.
As preferably, step 1) in adopt raschel machine to weave, in braiding process, technological parameter is: rotating speed 320r/min, the high 10mm of hair, count 9.11, wool yarn warp run-in 28.55mm/r; Cut open in suede process and cut open suede speed 4m/min, band cutter linear velocity 800m/min, cuts open fine hair High Defferential≤1mm, cuts open suede weight differential≤1.5%, and cuing open suede, to enter cloth direction be that vicarious menstruation braiding is made direction and entered cloth.
As preferably, step 3) in select high-temperature and high pressure dyeing process to dye to fabric, described high-temperature and high pressure dyeing process is: successively dyestuff, dyeing assistant are added in water to being prepared into dye liquor at normal temperatures, the pH of described dye liquor controls at 4.5-5.5; Then be immersed in dye liquor by fabric, the mass ratio of fabric and dye liquor is 1:7; Then heat temperature raising is carried out to dye liquor: first dye liquor is warming up to 90 DEG C with the speed of 1.5 DEG C/min, then dye liquor is warming up to 125-135 DEG C with the speed of 1 DEG C/min, last fixation 60min; Wherein said dyestuff is LonsperseEF series disperse dyes, and described dyeing assistant comprises metal ion chelation agent, high temperature dispersant, high temperature levelling agent and pH buffer; In described dye liquor, the consumption of metal ion chelation agent is 0.3-0.5g/L, and the consumption of high temperature dispersant is 1-2g/L, and the consumption of high temperature levelling agent is 0.5-1g/L.
Adopt LonsperseEF series disperse dyes to dye to fabric, can high-temperature pressure dyeing be selected, or adopt hot melt dyeing and support methods.The present invention chooses high-temperature pressure dyeing, can reduce environmental pollution.And in dyeing processing procedure, add metal ion chelation agent, high temperature dispersant, high temperature levelling agent, and with acetic acid or ammonium sulfate buffer adjust pH, ensure to knit dye on look and evenly, make the color fastness index of fabric meet custom requirements.
As preferably, in step 3) dye and with reduction cleaning liquid, reduction cleaning process 25-35min is carried out to fabric afterwards, then with the acetum of 0.5wt%, neutralization &washing is carried out to fabric; Described reduction cleaning liquid comprises sheet alkali 2g/L, sodium hydrosulfite 3g/L, synthesis detergent 2g/L, surfactant 2g/L and water.
As preferably, in step 3) with flexible smooth agent, carried out to fabric arrangement 2-3 second after reduction cleaning; Described flexible smooth agent comprises silicone softening agent, smooth agent and water, and wherein the weight of silicone softening agent is the 2.5-3% that water is heavy, and the weight of smooth agent is the 1.5-2% that water is heavy.In soft treatment process, adopt padding method to add silicone softening agent and smooth agent processes in bath, do not wash after process, directly carry out dewatering, low temperature drying, thus ensure flexibility and the slipping of product.
As preferably, step 4) in 4.1 drying and shaping the Speed Setting of tentering heat setting machine be 22m/min, temperature is set as 180 DEG C.
In 4.2 front hot lights, hot light temperature is 185 DEG C, cloth speed 16m/min, along hair twice, and twice, inverse hair.Secondary hot light, makes front fluffy, the easy plucking of reverse side.
The speed of 4.3 front bristles is 4.5m/min, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee silvalin to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
It is 185 DEG C that the temperature of cutting is scalded in 4.4 fronts, and speed is 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds to be cut.
The speed of 4.5 back side fluffings is 19m/min, and play gross weight 40%, front retains 60%; In fluffing process, fluff 4 times in the back side, and first time is zero fluffing, and be for the 2nd, 3 time the weak fluffing of equal fluffing intensity, the 4th is strong fluffing; Guarantee reverse side fluffing quality, prevent woollen blanket reverse side plucking excessive.
The speed of 4.6 back side bristles is 4.5m/min, single roller bristle, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating fiber filament to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
The hot light temperature of 4.7 back side hot lights is 185 DEG C, and hot light speed first pass is 11m/min, is for second time 13m/min, machine on inverse hair;
It is 10.5m/min that the speed of cutting is grabbed at 4.8 back sides, and cropping is highly 4.5mm, adopts machine on inverse hair, fine hair should be guaranteed to have one's hair trimmed.
The temperature of 4.9 multiple sizings is 170 DEG C, and speed is 20m/min, makes a width keep the requirement of former setting.
It is 185 DEG C that the temperature of cutting is scalded in 4.10 fronts, speed 12m/min, cuts twice along hair, each the scalding of inverse hair;
4.11 back sides scald that to cut temperature be 185 DEG C, and speed 12m/min, inverse hair scalds cuts twice.
As preferably, the specification of described spontaneous heating fiber filament is 150D/144F, and the specification of described polyester FDY is 150D/36F.
The health of people is all the time all in breathing, and no matter be dry environment or moistening environment, human body all can give out slight moisture, and this just becomes the breathing of skin.The moisture that spontaneous heating fiber can absorb human body skin breathing is converted to heat energy by chemical reaction, thus realizes the function of heating.The warming approach that traditional insulation material adopts mainly contains: reduce heat transfer, reduce thermal convection current, improve thermal-radiating reflection and blocking capability, and spontaneous heating fiber is the characteristic relying on self, utilizing extraneous energy and being changed makes it initiatively heat, to reach more efficiently warm, health care effect.Its concrete principle is, spontaneous heating fiber absorbs the moisture that human body distributes, and when moisture cooling post liquefaction, the heat distributed is absorbed by fiber, thus improves temperature.And containing a large amount of miniature air bags in spontaneous heating fiber, while alleviating fibre weight, hot-air can be prevented to run off, make fiber mid portion contain static air, produce good effect of heat insulation.On above basis, spontaneous heating fiber fluffy degree, good hand touch, have elasticity of well relaxing, gently can wrap up health, not fetter sense.Good stability of the dimension, is never out of shape.
As preferably, the preparation method of described spontaneous heating fiber filament is as follows: after blended to polyester granules, lignocellulosic, heat accumulation composite particles and insulation particle, carry out spinning by melt spinning machine, obtained spontaneous heating fiber filament; Wherein said lignocellulosic accounts for the 20-30wt% of overall content, and described heat accumulation composite particles accounts for the 2-4wt% of overall content, and described insulation particle accounts for the 2-4wt% of overall content.
Lignocellulosic has good absorbent function and heat generation, can the moisture of absorbing bodily and sweat.Insulation particle has the effect preventing fibrous inside heat losses, and heat accumulation composite particles can the heat storage capacity of fortifying fibre, prevents external environment condition from being siphoned away by the heat of human body.
As preferably, the preparation method of described insulation particle is as follows: be that to be placed in concentration be that the hydrochloric acid solution of 5-10wt% floods 2-3h for the sepiolite powder of 400-600nm by particle diameter, wherein solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:(5-10); After taking out, cleaning is to neutral obtained insulation particle; The preparation method of described heat accumulation composite particles is as follows: above-mentioned obtained insulation particle is mixed obtained suspension with water, then cetyl ammonium bromide is added in described suspension and add thermal agitation and carry out organically-modified, wherein temperature is 50-60 DEG C, time is 60-80min, and described insulation particle, water and cetyl ammonium bromide mass ratio are 100:(350-450): (10-30); Then organically-modified sepiolite is obtained after taking out drying; Described organically-modified sepiolite is mixed with ethanol and obtains dispersion liquid, stearic acid is added in described dispersion liquid and progressively adds thermal agitation, wherein said organically-modified sepiolite, ethanol and stearic mass ratio are 100:(250-350): (30-40), programming rate is 20 DEG C/h, maximum temperature is 85-90 DEG C, until after ethanol evaporates completely, obtained heat accumulation composite particles after product being carried out drying.
Using sepiolite as insulation particle, because it has the specific area of super large and unique pore passage structure, excellent adsorption, it can be used as fibrous composite, after spinning, make fiber have miniature air bag, these miniature air bags can not only the hygroscopicity of fortifying fibre and the absorbent capacity of increased fiber, also serves fixed air thus heat insulation effect, air themperature in miniature air bag cannot run off after raising, thus temperature is not easily reduced.After sepiolite is carried out acidification, the volume of its specific area and internal gutter can be strengthened, thus its absorption property and heat-proof quality are significantly increased.
Due to the excellent adsorption of sepiolite, therefore, it is possible to serve as carrier, when sepiolite is as heat accumulation composite particles, be exactly as carrier, stearic acid for having good thermal storage performance, by sepiolite after organically-modified, increase it to stearic compatibility, thus increase stearic load capacity, sepiolite, as stearic carrier, has good stability.
As preferably, described spontaneous heating fiber filament before weaving also through pretreatment, concrete grammar is as follows: spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-are successively added to pH and carry out in the aqueous hydrochloric acid solution of 4-6 adding thermal agitation, and wherein temperature is 40-60 DEG C, and the time is 2-4h; Then in reactant liquor, add sodium cyanoborohydride continue reaction 24-48h, after finally reactant liquor pH being adjusted to neutrality, spontaneous heating fiber filament taken out and clean; The mass ratio of wherein said spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-, aqueous hydrochloric acid solution and sodium cyanoborohydride is 1:(1-2): (40-60): (0.5-1).
By the surface of grafted by beta cyclodextrin to spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-has numerous cyberspaces after fiber surface film forming, and these cyberspaces form the miniature air bag of another kind of form, and strong to the absorbability of moisture, sweat; Beta-schardinger dextrin-also can improve the hot strength of fiber after fiber surface film forming on the other hand.
Be compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the spontaneous heating fiber good hygroscopicity adopted in the present invention, spontaneous heating is remarkably productive, and the inventive method, for the performance of spontaneous heating fiber filament uniqueness, develops Rachael blanket and by its industrialization.In textile process process, according to the feature of spontaneous heating fiber, design textile tissue, determine suitable technique, and optimize with production practices by experiment and determine suitable technological process and processing technology, solve all kinds of technical problems occurred in process of production, successfully have developed the excellent novel Rachael blanket with spontaneous heating function.The functional consumers in general just of this woollen blanket woollen blanket need, and its development prospect is more wide.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Capital equipment and reagent illustrate:
LonsperseEF series disperse dyes, Shanghai Paint Co., Ltd.;
High temperature dispersant, HD-336 type high temperature modification dispersant, Suzhou Hong De industry development Co., Ltd;
High temperature levelling agent, SY-3 type high temperature levelling agent, Zhejiang finish chemistry institute;
Synthesis detergent, LS type detergent, seapeak Chemical Co., Ltd. of Shangyu city;
Surfactant, 227 type surfactants, Guangzhou Yi Cheng Chemical Co., Ltd.;
Silicone softening agent, AV-6638 type, Yuhang, Hangzhou Nanhua Trade Co., Ltd.;
Smooth agent, SM-2059 type, Hangzhou Zhong Yuan Co., Ltd;
Raschel machine, E2291A-136E16, Changde Textile Machinery Co., Ltd.;
Tentering heat setting machine, JZR type;
Single roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine, SME473H type;
Two roller brushing machine, MB211E type;
High-speed and high-efficiency scalds shearing machine, MB322H type;
Raising machine, MB311E type;
High-speed and high-efficiency scalds shearing machine, MB322E type.
Embodiment 1
A production method for spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, using spontaneous heating fiber filament as plush yarn, using polyester FDY as wire gauze, wherein the specification of spontaneous heating fiber filament is 150D/144F, and the specification of described polyester FDY is 150D/36F.
Comprise the steps:
1, weave:
1.1 winders: raschel machine needs to carry out warping weaving Cheng Qian, namely cheese is changed into the coiled hair required for braiding, this just needs original-pack cheese to change into the cheese that warping machine needs, and this process is completed by winder.
1.2 warpings: cheese is changed into the coiled hair required by braiding on warping machine, in order to carrying out smoothly of braiding.
1.3 braidings: adopt the raschel machine of Changde Textile Machinery Co., Ltd.'s longitude and latitude frame to weave.
Loom specification: E2291A-136E16
Rotating speed (r/min): 320
Hair high (mm): 10
Count: 9.11
Wool yarn warp run-in (mm/r): 28.55
The each sley bar of tricot machine is entried form, raw material specification, yarn radical and coiled hair number:
L1 (6): completely wear; 150D/36F polyester drawn yarns; 354/coiled hair × 3.5;
L2 (5): completely wear; 150D/36F polyester drawn yarns; 354/coiled hair × 3.5;
L3 (4): 1 wears 1 sky; 155D/144F spontaneous heating fiber filament; 176/coiled hair × 3.5.
1.4 cut open suede, inspection:
Cut open suede speed: 4m/min;
Band cutter linear velocity: 800m/min;
Cut open fine hair High Defferential :≤1mm;
Cut open suede weight differential :≤1.5%;
Cut open suede and enter cloth direction: vicarious menstruation braiding is made direction and entered cloth.
2, prefinishing: drying and shaping → bristle → hot light.
3, dyeing and finishing:
3.1 dyeing: select high-temperature and high pressure dyeing process to dye to fabric, successively add to dyestuff, dyeing assistant in water at normal temperatures and are prepared into dye liquor, with acetic acid adjust pH to 5; Then fabric is immersed in dye liquor, then heat temperature raising is carried out to dye liquor: first dye liquor is warming up to 90 DEG C with the speed of 1.5 DEG C/min, then dye liquor is warming up to 130 DEG C with the speed of 1 DEG C/min, last fixation 60min.
Adopt disperse dyeing during dyeing, for tangerine look, look number is 2A05-105.
The determination of disperse dyes:
Disperse red S-6G:0.140% (o.w.f)
Disperse yellow GEL:0.55% (o.w.f)
Dispersion ultramarine S-GL:0.023% (o.w.f)
Dyeing:
Metal ion chelation agent: 0.4g/L;
High temperature dispersant: 1.5g/L;
High temperature levelling agent: 0.75g/L;
Bath raio: 1:7.
3.2 reduction cleaning, soft treatment technique:
Reduction cleaning process is carried out: the solution formed with sheet alkali 2g/L, sodium hydrosulfite 3g/L, synthesis detergent 2g/L and surfactant 2g/L and water, reduction cleaning process 25-35min, before woollen blanket goes out cylinder, goes out cylinder with the acetum neutralization &washing of 0.55wt% after dyeing.
With flexible smooth agent, arrangement is carried out 2.5 seconds to fabric after reduction cleaning; Described flexible smooth agent comprises silicone softening agent, smooth agent and water, wherein the weight of silicone softening agent be water heavy 2.75%, the weight of smooth agent be water heavy 1.75%.
3.3 dehydrations, oven dry.
4, Final finishing:
Woollen blanket, after dyeing and finishing process, carries out Final finishing to it, and postfinishing process is very crucial, determines the style of woollen blanket.Its postfinishing process flow process is: drying and shaping → front hot light → bristle → front, front scald cut → bristle → back side, the fluffing → back side, the back side scald hair → back side grab cut → answer sizing → front boiling hot to cut → back side is boiling hot cuts → slitting stitching, concrete technology is as follows:
4.1 drying and shaping:
Adopt JZR type tentering heat setting machine, drying and shaping is carried out to the woollen blanket after uniformly dyeing process.Setting speed is 22.0m/min, and design temperature is 180 DEG C.
4.2 front hot lights:
Adopt SME473H type list roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine to carry out hot light, hot light temperature is 185 DEG C, cloth speed 16m/min, along hair twice, and twice, inverse hair.Secondary hot light, makes front fluffy, the easy plucking of reverse side.
4.3 front bristles:
Adopt the two rod brushing machine of MB211E type to carry out front bristle to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, speed is 4.5m/min, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating silvalin to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
4.4 fronts are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322H type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, and speed is 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds to be cut.
4.5 back side fluffings:
Adopting MB311E type raising machine, fluffs 4 times in the back side.1st time is zero fluffing, and be for the 2nd, 3 time the weak fluffing of equal fluffing intensity, the 4th is the fluffing that intensity is slightly large.Guarantee reverse side fluffing quality, prevent woollen blanket reverse side plucking excessive.Speed is 19m/min, plays gross weight 40%, and front retains 60%.
4.6 back side bristles:
Adopt the two rod brushing machine of MB211E type to carry out back side bristle to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, speed is 4.5m/min, single roller bristle, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating fiber filament to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
4.7 back side hot lights:
SME473H type list roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine is adopted to carry out hot light, hot light temperature 185 DEG C, hot light speed, first pass 11m/min, second time 13m/min, machine on inverse hair.
4.8 back sides are grabbed and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type efficiently to scald shearing machine, grab the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket back side and cut, speed is 10.5m/min.Cropping is highly about 4.5mm, adopts machine on inverse hair, fine hair should be guaranteed to have one's hair trimmed.
4.9 multiple sizings:
Adopt JZR type tentering heat setting machine, multiple sizing is carried out to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket.Setting temperature is 170 DEG C, and speed is 20m/min, makes a width keep the requirement of former setting.
4.10 fronts are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket front and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, speed 12m/min, cuts twice along hair, each the scalding of inverse hair.
4.11 back sides are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket back side and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, speed 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds cuts twice.
4.12 slitting is sewed up.
5, packaging warehouse-in.
In the present embodiment, the preparation method of described spontaneous heating fiber filament is as follows:
1, the preparation of insulation particle: be that to be placed in concentration be that the hydrochloric acid solution of 7.5wt% floods 2.5h for the sepiolite powder of 500nm by particle diameter, wherein solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:7.5; After taking out, cleaning is to neutral obtained insulation particle.
2, the preparation of heat accumulation composite particles: above-mentioned for a part obtained insulation particle is mixed obtained suspension with water, then cetyl ammonium bromide is added in described suspension and add thermal agitation and carry out organically-modified, wherein temperature is 55 DEG C, time is 70min, and described insulation particle, water and cetyl ammonium bromide mass ratio are 100:400:20; Then organically-modified sepiolite is obtained after taking out drying; Described organically-modified sepiolite is mixed with ethanol and obtains dispersion liquid, stearic acid is added in described dispersion liquid and progressively adds thermal agitation, wherein said organically-modified sepiolite, ethanol and stearic mass ratio are 100:300:35, programming rate is 20 DEG C/h, maximum temperature is 88 DEG C, until after ethanol evaporates completely, obtained heat accumulation composite particles after product being carried out drying.
3, spinning: carry out spinning by melt spinning machine after blended to polyester granules, lignocellulosic, heat accumulation composite particles and insulation particle, obtained spontaneous heating fiber filament.Spinning technique is prior art.Wherein said lignocellulosic accounts for the 25wt% of overall content, and described heat accumulation composite particles accounts for the 3wt% of overall content, and described insulation particle accounts for the 3wt% of overall content.
Embodiment 2
A production method for spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, using spontaneous heating fiber filament as plush yarn, using polyester FDY as wire gauze, wherein the specification of spontaneous heating fiber filament is 150D/144F, and the specification of described polyester FDY is 150D/36F.
Comprise the steps:
1, weave:
1.1 winders: raschel machine needs to carry out warping weaving Cheng Qian, namely cheese is changed into the coiled hair required for braiding, this just needs original-pack cheese to change into the cheese that warping machine needs, and this process is completed by winder.
1.2 warpings: cheese is changed into the coiled hair required by braiding on warping machine, in order to carrying out smoothly of braiding.
1.3 braidings: adopt the raschel machine of Changde Textile Machinery Co., Ltd.'s longitude and latitude frame to weave.
Loom specification: E2291A-136E16
Rotating speed (r/min): 320
Hair high (mm): 10
Count: 9.11
Wool yarn warp run-in (mm/r): 28.55
The each sley bar of tricot machine is entried form, raw material specification, yarn radical and coiled hair number:
L1 (6): completely wear; 150D/36F polyester drawn yarns; 354/coiled hair × 3.5;
L2 (5): completely wear; 150D/36F polyester drawn yarns; 354/coiled hair × 3.5;
L3 (4): 1 wears 1 sky; 155D/144F spontaneous heating fiber filament; 176/coiled hair × 3.5.
1.4 cut open suede, inspection:
Cut open suede speed: 4m/min;
Band cutter linear velocity: 800m/min;
Cut open fine hair High Defferential :≤1mm;
Cut open suede weight differential :≤1.5%;
Cut open suede and enter cloth direction: vicarious menstruation braiding is made direction and entered cloth.
2, prefinishing: drying and shaping → bristle → hot light.
3, dyeing and finishing:
3.1 dyeing: select high-temperature and high pressure dyeing process to dye to fabric, successively add to dyestuff, dyeing assistant in water at normal temperatures and are prepared into dye liquor, with acetic acid adjust pH to 4.5; Then fabric is immersed in dye liquor, then heat temperature raising is carried out to dye liquor: first dye liquor is warming up to 90 DEG C with the speed of 1.5 DEG C/min, then dye liquor is warming up to 125 DEG C with the speed of 1 DEG C/min, last fixation 60min.
Adopt disperse dyeing during dyeing, for tangerine look, look number is 2A05-105.
The determination of disperse dyes:
Disperse red S-6G:0.138% (o.w.f)
Disperse yellow GEL:0.53% (o.w.f)
Dispersion ultramarine S-GL:0.021% (o.w.f)
Dyeing:
Metal ion chelation agent: 0.3g/L;
High temperature dispersant: 1g/L;
High temperature levelling agent: 0.5g/L;
Bath raio: 1:7.
3.2 reduction cleaning, soft treatment technique:
Reduction cleaning process is carried out: the solution formed with sheet alkali 2g/L, sodium hydrosulfite 3g/L, synthesis detergent 2g/L and surfactant 2g/L and water, reduction cleaning process 25min, before woollen blanket goes out cylinder, goes out cylinder with the acetum neutralization &washing of 0.5wt% after dyeing.
With flexible smooth agent, arrangement is carried out 2 seconds to fabric after reduction cleaning; Described flexible smooth agent comprises silicone softening agent, smooth agent and water, wherein the weight of silicone softening agent be water heavy 2.5%, the weight of smooth agent be water heavy 1.5%.
3.3 dehydrations, oven dry.
4, Final finishing:
Woollen blanket, after dyeing and finishing process, carries out Final finishing to it, and postfinishing process is very crucial, determines the style of woollen blanket.Its postfinishing process flow process is: drying and shaping → front hot light → bristle → front, front scald cut → bristle → back side, the fluffing → back side, the back side scald hair → back side grab cut → answer sizing → front boiling hot to cut → back side is boiling hot cuts → slitting stitching, concrete technology is as follows:
4.1 drying and shaping:
Adopt JZR type tentering heat setting machine, drying and shaping is carried out to the woollen blanket after uniformly dyeing process.Setting speed is 22.0m/min, and design temperature is 180 DEG C.
4.2 front hot lights:
Adopt SME473H type list roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine to carry out hot light, hot light temperature is 185 DEG C, cloth speed 16m/min, along hair twice, and twice, inverse hair.Secondary hot light, makes front fluffy, the easy plucking of reverse side.
4.3 front bristles:
Adopt the two rod brushing machine of MB211E type to carry out front bristle to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, speed is 4.5m/min, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating silvalin to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
4.4 fronts are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322H type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, and speed is 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds to be cut.
4.5 back side fluffings:
Adopting MB311E type raising machine, fluffs 4 times in the back side.1st time is zero fluffing, and be for the 2nd, 3 time the weak fluffing of equal fluffing intensity, the 4th is the fluffing that intensity is slightly large.Guarantee reverse side fluffing quality, prevent woollen blanket reverse side plucking excessive.Speed is 19m/min, plays gross weight 40%, and front retains 60%.
4.6 back side bristles:
Adopt the two rod brushing machine of MB211E type to carry out back side bristle to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, speed is 4.5m/min, single roller bristle, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating fiber filament to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
4.7 back side hot lights:
SME473H type list roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine is adopted to carry out hot light, hot light temperature 185 DEG C, hot light speed, first pass 11m/min, second time 13m/min, machine on inverse hair.
4.8 back sides are grabbed and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type efficiently to scald shearing machine, grab the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket back side and cut, speed is 10.5m/min.Cropping is highly about 4.5mm, adopts machine on inverse hair, fine hair should be guaranteed to have one's hair trimmed.
4.9 multiple sizings:
Adopt JZR type tentering heat setting machine, multiple sizing is carried out to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket.Setting temperature is 170 DEG C, and speed is 20m/min, makes a width keep the requirement of former setting.
4.10 fronts are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket front and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, speed 12m/min, cuts twice along hair, each the scalding of inverse hair.
4.11 back sides are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket back side and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, speed 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds cuts twice.
4.12 slitting is sewed up.
5, packaging warehouse-in.
In the present embodiment, the preparation method of described spontaneous heating fiber filament is as follows:
1, the preparation of insulation particle: be that to be placed in concentration be that the hydrochloric acid solution of 5wt% floods 2h for the sepiolite powder of 400nm by particle diameter, wherein solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:5; After taking out, cleaning is to neutral obtained insulation particle.
2, the preparation of heat accumulation composite particles: above-mentioned for a part obtained insulation particle is mixed obtained suspension with water, then cetyl ammonium bromide is added in described suspension and add thermal agitation and carry out organically-modified, wherein temperature is 50 DEG C, time is 60min, and described insulation particle, water and cetyl ammonium bromide mass ratio are 100:350:10; Then organically-modified sepiolite is obtained after taking out drying; Described organically-modified sepiolite is mixed with ethanol and obtains dispersion liquid, stearic acid is added in described dispersion liquid and progressively adds thermal agitation, wherein said organically-modified sepiolite, ethanol and stearic mass ratio are 100:250:30, programming rate is 20 DEG C/h, maximum temperature is 85 DEG C, until after ethanol evaporates completely, obtained heat accumulation composite particles after product being carried out drying.
3, spinning: carry out spinning by melt spinning machine after blended to polyester granules, lignocellulosic, heat accumulation composite particles and insulation particle, obtained spontaneous heating fiber filament; Wherein said lignocellulosic accounts for the 20wt% of overall content, and described heat accumulation composite particles accounts for the 4wt% of overall content, and described insulation particle accounts for the 4wt% of overall content.
In the present embodiment, described spontaneous heating fiber filament is also through pretreatment before weaving, and concrete grammar is as follows: spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-are successively added to pH and carry out in the aqueous hydrochloric acid solution of 5 adding thermal agitation, and wherein temperature is 50 DEG C, and the time is 3h; Then in reactant liquor, add sodium cyanoborohydride continue reaction 36h, after finally reactant liquor pH being adjusted to neutrality, spontaneous heating fiber filament taken out and clean; The mass ratio of wherein said spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-, aqueous hydrochloric acid solution and sodium cyanoborohydride is 1:1.5:50:0.75.
Embodiment 3
A production method for spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, using spontaneous heating fiber filament as plush yarn, using polyester FDY as wire gauze, wherein the specification of spontaneous heating fiber filament is 150D/144F, and the specification of described polyester FDY is 150D/36F.
Comprise the steps:
1, weave:
1.1 winders: raschel machine needs to carry out warping weaving Cheng Qian, namely cheese is changed into the coiled hair required for braiding, this just needs original-pack cheese to change into the cheese that warping machine needs, and this process is completed by winder.
1.2 warpings: cheese is changed into the coiled hair required by braiding on warping machine, in order to carrying out smoothly of braiding.
1.3 braidings: adopt the raschel machine of Changde Textile Machinery Co., Ltd.'s longitude and latitude frame to weave.
Loom specification: E2291A-136E16
Rotating speed (r/min): 320
Hair high (mm): 10
Count: 9.11
Wool yarn warp run-in (mm/r): 28.55
The each sley bar of tricot machine is entried form, raw material specification, yarn radical and coiled hair number:
L1 (6): completely wear; 150D/36F polyester drawn yarns; 354/coiled hair × 3.5;
L2 (5): completely wear; 150D/36F polyester drawn yarns; 354/coiled hair × 3.5;
L3 (4): 1 wears 1 sky; 155D/144F spontaneous heating fiber filament; 176/coiled hair × 3.5.
1.4 cut open suede, inspection:
Cut open suede speed: 4m/min;
Band cutter linear velocity: 800m/min;
Cut open fine hair High Defferential :≤1mm;
Cut open suede weight differential :≤1.5%;
Cut open suede and enter cloth direction: vicarious menstruation braiding is made direction and entered cloth.
2, prefinishing: drying and shaping → bristle → hot light.
3, dyeing and finishing:
3.1 dyeing: select high-temperature and high pressure dyeing process to dye to fabric, successively add to dyestuff, dyeing assistant in water at normal temperatures and are prepared into dye liquor, with acetic acid adjust pH extremely: 5.5; Then fabric is immersed in dye liquor, then heat temperature raising is carried out to dye liquor: first dye liquor is warming up to 90 DEG C with the speed of 1.5 DEG C/min, then dye liquor is warming up to 135 DEG C with the speed of 1 DEG C/min, last fixation 60min.
Adopt disperse dyeing during dyeing, for tangerine look, look number is 2A05-105.
The determination of disperse dyes:
Disperse red S-6G:0.145% (o.w.f)
Disperse yellow GEL:0.50% (o.w.f)
Dispersion ultramarine S-GL:0.025% (o.w.f)
Dyeing:
Metal ion chelation agent: 0.5g/L;
High temperature dispersant: 2g/L;
High temperature levelling agent: 1g/L;
Bath raio: 1:7.
3.2 reduction cleaning, soft treatment technique:
Reduction cleaning process is carried out: the solution formed with sheet alkali 2g/L, sodium hydrosulfite 3g/L, synthesis detergent 2g/L and surfactant 2g/L and water, reduction cleaning process 35min, before woollen blanket goes out cylinder, goes out cylinder with the acetum neutralization &washing of 0.6wt% after dyeing.
With flexible smooth agent, arrangement is carried out 3 seconds to fabric after reduction cleaning; Described flexible smooth agent comprises silicone softening agent, smooth agent and water, wherein the weight of silicone softening agent be water heavy 3%, the weight of smooth agent be water heavy 2%.
3.3 dehydrations, oven dry.
4, Final finishing:
Woollen blanket, after dyeing and finishing process, carries out Final finishing to it, and postfinishing process is very crucial, determines the style of woollen blanket.Its postfinishing process flow process is: drying and shaping → front hot light → bristle → front, front scald cut → bristle → back side, the fluffing → back side, the back side scald hair → back side grab cut → answer sizing → front boiling hot to cut → back side is boiling hot cuts → slitting stitching, concrete technology is as follows:
4.1 drying and shaping:
Adopt JZR type tentering heat setting machine, drying and shaping is carried out to the woollen blanket after uniformly dyeing process.Setting speed is 22.0m/min, and design temperature is 180 DEG C.
4.2 front hot lights:
Adopt SME473H type list roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine to carry out hot light, hot light temperature is 185 DEG C, cloth speed 16m/min, along hair twice, and twice, inverse hair.Secondary hot light, makes front fluffy, the easy plucking of reverse side.
4.3 front bristles:
Adopt the two rod brushing machine of MB211E type to carry out front bristle to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, speed is 4.5m/min, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating silvalin to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
4.4 fronts are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322H type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, and speed is 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds to be cut.
4.5 back side fluffings:
Adopting MB311E type raising machine, fluffs 4 times in the back side.1st time is zero fluffing, and be for the 2nd, 3 time the weak fluffing of equal fluffing intensity, the 4th is the fluffing that intensity is slightly large.Guarantee reverse side fluffing quality, prevent woollen blanket reverse side plucking excessive.Speed is 19m/min, plays gross weight 40%, and front retains 60%.
4.6 back side bristles:
Adopt the two rod brushing machine of MB211E type to carry out back side bristle to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, speed is 4.5m/min, single roller bristle, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating fiber filament to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
4.7 back side hot lights:
SME473H type list roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine is adopted to carry out hot light, hot light temperature 185 DEG C, hot light speed, first pass 11m/min, second time 13m/min, machine on inverse hair.
4.8 back sides are grabbed and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type efficiently to scald shearing machine, grab the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket back side and cut, speed is 10.5m/min.Cropping is highly about 4.5mm, adopts machine on inverse hair, fine hair should be guaranteed to have one's hair trimmed.
4.9 multiple sizings:
Adopt JZR type tentering heat setting machine, multiple sizing is carried out to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket.Setting temperature is 170 DEG C, and speed is 20m/min, makes a width keep the requirement of former setting.
4.10 fronts are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket front and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, speed 12m/min, cuts twice along hair, each the scalding of inverse hair.
4.11 back sides are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket back side and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, speed 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds cuts twice.
4.12 slitting is sewed up.
5, packaging warehouse-in.
In the present embodiment, the preparation method of described spontaneous heating fiber filament is as follows:
1, the preparation of insulation particle: be that to be placed in concentration be that the hydrochloric acid solution of 10wt% floods 3h for the sepiolite powder of 600nm by particle diameter, wherein solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:10; After taking out, cleaning is to neutral obtained insulation particle.
2, the preparation of heat accumulation composite particles: above-mentioned for a part obtained insulation particle is mixed obtained suspension with water, then cetyl ammonium bromide is added in described suspension and add thermal agitation and carry out organically-modified, wherein temperature is 60 DEG C, time is 80min, and described insulation particle, water and cetyl ammonium bromide mass ratio are 100:450:30; Then organically-modified sepiolite is obtained after taking out drying; Described organically-modified sepiolite is mixed with ethanol and obtains dispersion liquid, stearic acid is added in described dispersion liquid and progressively adds thermal agitation, wherein said organically-modified sepiolite, ethanol and stearic mass ratio are 100:350:40, programming rate is 20 DEG C/h, maximum temperature is 90 DEG C, until after ethanol evaporates completely, obtained heat accumulation composite particles after product being carried out drying.
3, spinning: carry out spinning by melt spinning machine after blended to polyester granules, lignocellulosic, heat accumulation composite particles and insulation particle, obtained spontaneous heating fiber filament; Wherein said lignocellulosic accounts for the 30wt% of overall content, and described heat accumulation composite particles accounts for the 2wt% of overall content, and described insulation particle accounts for the 2wt% of overall content.
In the present embodiment, described spontaneous heating fiber filament is also through pretreatment before weaving, and concrete grammar is as follows: spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-are successively added to pH and carry out in the aqueous hydrochloric acid solution of 4 adding thermal agitation, and wherein temperature is 60 DEG C, and the time is 4h; Then in reactant liquor, add sodium cyanoborohydride continue reaction 24h, after finally reactant liquor pH being adjusted to neutrality, spontaneous heating fiber filament taken out and clean; The mass ratio of wherein said spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-, aqueous hydrochloric acid solution and sodium cyanoborohydride is 1:1:40:0.5.
Embodiment 4
A production method for spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, using spontaneous heating fiber filament as plush yarn, using polyester FDY as wire gauze, wherein the specification of spontaneous heating fiber filament is 150D/144F, and the specification of described polyester FDY is 150D/36F.
Comprise the steps:
1, weave:
1.1 winders: raschel machine needs to carry out warping weaving Cheng Qian, namely cheese is changed into the coiled hair required for braiding, this just needs original-pack cheese to change into the cheese that warping machine needs, and this process is completed by winder.
1.2 warpings: cheese is changed into the coiled hair required by braiding on warping machine, in order to carrying out smoothly of braiding.
1.3 braidings: adopt the raschel machine of Changde Textile Machinery Co., Ltd.'s longitude and latitude frame to weave.
Loom specification: E2291A-136E16
Rotating speed (r/min): 320
Hair high (mm): 10
Count: 9.11
Wool yarn warp run-in (mm/r): 28.55
The each sley bar of tricot machine is entried form, raw material specification, yarn radical and coiled hair number:
L1 (6): completely wear; 150D/36F polyester drawn yarns; 354/coiled hair × 3.5;
L2 (5): completely wear; 150D/36F polyester drawn yarns; 354/coiled hair × 3.5;
L3 (4): 1 wears 1 sky; 155D/144F spontaneous heating fiber filament; 176/coiled hair × 3.5.
1.4 cut open suede, inspection:
Cut open suede speed: 4m/min;
Band cutter linear velocity: 800m/min;
Cut open fine hair High Defferential :≤1mm;
Cut open suede weight differential :≤1.5%;
Cut open suede and enter cloth direction: vicarious menstruation braiding is made direction and entered cloth.
2, prefinishing: drying and shaping → bristle → hot light.
3, dyeing and finishing:
3.1 dyeing: select high-temperature and high pressure dyeing process to dye to fabric, successively add to dyestuff, dyeing assistant in water at normal temperatures and are prepared into dye liquor, with acetic acid adjust pH to 5; Then fabric is immersed in dye liquor, then heat temperature raising is carried out to dye liquor: first dye liquor is warming up to 90 DEG C with the speed of 1.5 DEG C/min, then dye liquor is warming up to 135 DEG C with the speed of 1 DEG C/min, last fixation 60min.
Adopt disperse dyeing during dyeing, for tangerine look, look number is 2A05-105.
The determination of disperse dyes:
Disperse red S-6G:0.134% (o.w.f)
Disperse yellow GEL:0.56% (o.w.f)
Dispersion ultramarine S-GL:0.020% (o.w.f)
Dyeing:
Metal ion chelation agent: 0.35g/L;
High temperature dispersant: 1 ~ 2g/L;
High temperature levelling agent: 0.5g/L;
Bath raio: 1:7.
3.2 reduction cleaning, soft treatment technique:
Reduction cleaning process is carried out: the solution formed with sheet alkali 2g/L, sodium hydrosulfite 3g/L, synthesis detergent 2g/L and surfactant 2g/L and water, reduction cleaning process 25min, before woollen blanket goes out cylinder, goes out cylinder with the acetum neutralization &washing of 0.5wt% after dyeing.
With flexible smooth agent, arrangement is carried out 2 seconds to fabric after reduction cleaning; Described flexible smooth agent comprises silicone softening agent, smooth agent and water, wherein the weight of silicone softening agent be water heavy 3%, the weight of smooth agent be water heavy 1.5%.
3.3 dehydrations, oven dry.
4, Final finishing:
Woollen blanket, after dyeing and finishing process, carries out Final finishing to it, and postfinishing process is very crucial, determines the style of woollen blanket.Its postfinishing process flow process is: drying and shaping → front hot light → bristle → front, front scald cut → bristle → back side, the fluffing → back side, the back side scald hair → back side grab cut → answer sizing → front boiling hot to cut → back side is boiling hot cuts → slitting stitching, concrete technology is as follows:
4.1 drying and shaping:
Adopt JZR type tentering heat setting machine, drying and shaping is carried out to the woollen blanket after uniformly dyeing process.Setting speed is 22.0m/min, and design temperature is 180 DEG C.
4.2 front hot lights:
Adopt SME473H type list roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine to carry out hot light, hot light temperature is 185 DEG C, cloth speed 16m/min, along hair twice, and twice, inverse hair.Secondary hot light, makes front fluffy, the easy plucking of reverse side.
4.3 front bristles:
Adopt the two rod brushing machine of MB211E type to carry out front bristle to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, speed is 4.5m/min, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating silvalin to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
4.4 fronts are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322H type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, and speed is 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds to be cut.
4.5 back side fluffings:
Adopting MB311E type raising machine, fluffs 4 times in the back side.1st time is zero fluffing, and be for the 2nd, 3 time the weak fluffing of equal fluffing intensity, the 4th is the fluffing that intensity is slightly large.Guarantee reverse side fluffing quality, prevent woollen blanket reverse side plucking excessive.Speed is 19m/min, plays gross weight 40%, and front retains 60%.
4.6 back side bristles:
Adopt the two rod brushing machine of MB211E type to carry out back side bristle to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, speed is 4.5m/min, single roller bristle, along hairbrush.The bristle degree of depth should be grasped, can not base fabric be touched, guarantee spontaneous heating fiber filament to be combed into ultimate fibre state, and comb suitable.
4.7 back side hot lights:
SME473H type list roller secondary natural lustre finishing machine is adopted to carry out hot light, hot light temperature 185 DEG C, hot light speed, first pass 11m/min, second time 13m/min, machine on inverse hair.
4.8 back sides are grabbed and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type efficiently to scald shearing machine, grab the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket back side and cut, speed is 10.5m/min.Cropping is highly about 4.5mm, adopts machine on inverse hair, fine hair should be guaranteed to have one's hair trimmed.
4.9 multiple sizings:
Adopt JZR type tentering heat setting machine, multiple sizing is carried out to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket.Setting temperature is 170 DEG C, and speed is 20m/min, makes a width keep the requirement of former setting.
4.10 fronts are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket front and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, speed 12m/min, cuts twice along hair, each the scalding of inverse hair.
4.11 back sides are scalded and are cut:
Adopt MB322E type high-speed and high-efficiency to scald shearing machine, carry out scalding to the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket back side and cut, temperature is 185 DEG C, speed 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds cuts twice.
4.12 slitting is sewed up.
5, packaging warehouse-in.
In the present embodiment, the preparation method of described spontaneous heating fiber filament is as follows:
1, the preparation of insulation particle: be that to be placed in concentration be that the hydrochloric acid solution of 5-10wt% floods 2-3h for the sepiolite powder of 400-600nm by particle diameter, wherein solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:(5-10); After taking out, cleaning is to neutral obtained insulation particle.
2, the preparation of heat accumulation composite particles: above-mentioned for a part obtained insulation particle is mixed obtained suspension with water, then cetyl ammonium bromide is added in described suspension and add thermal agitation and carry out organically-modified, wherein temperature is 55 DEG C, time is 65min, and described insulation particle, water and cetyl ammonium bromide mass ratio are 100:420:25; Then organically-modified sepiolite is obtained after taking out drying; Described organically-modified sepiolite is mixed with ethanol and obtains dispersion liquid, stearic acid is added in described dispersion liquid and progressively adds thermal agitation, wherein said organically-modified sepiolite, ethanol and stearic mass ratio are 100:280:35, programming rate is 20 DEG C/h, maximum temperature is 85 DEG C, until after ethanol evaporates completely, obtained heat accumulation composite particles after product being carried out drying.
3, spinning: carry out spinning by melt spinning machine after blended to polyester granules, lignocellulosic, heat accumulation composite particles and insulation particle, obtained spontaneous heating fiber filament; Wherein said lignocellulosic accounts for the 28wt% of overall content, and described heat accumulation composite particles accounts for the 3wt% of overall content, and described insulation particle accounts for the 4wt% of overall content.
In the present embodiment, described spontaneous heating fiber filament is also through pretreatment before weaving, and concrete grammar is as follows: spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-are successively added to pH and carry out in the aqueous hydrochloric acid solution of 6 adding thermal agitation, and wherein temperature is 60 DEG C, and the time is 2h; Then in reactant liquor, add sodium cyanoborohydride continue reaction 48h, after finally reactant liquor pH being adjusted to neutrality, spontaneous heating fiber filament taken out and clean; The mass ratio of wherein said spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-, aqueous hydrochloric acid solution and sodium cyanoborohydride is 1:2:60:1.
After tested, in the most promotion temperature value of the product of embodiment 1-4 and 30min, average intensification value is as shown in the table:
Group Most promotion temperature value Average intensification value in 30min
Embodiment 1 4.2℃ 3.3℃
Embodiment 2 4.7℃ 3.6℃
Embodiment 3 4.5℃ 3.5℃
Embodiment 4 4.4℃ 3.4℃
The organoleptic properties test of the product of embodiment 1-4 is as shown in the table:
Group Feel Skin-friendly Comfortableness
Embodiment 1 Soft, smooth Well Better
Embodiment 2 Soft, smooth Well Better
Embodiment 3 Soft, smooth Well Better
Embodiment 4 Soft, smooth Well Better
In upper table, organoleptic properties is assessed as 10 people group evaluation results.
Raw materials used in the present invention, equipment, unless otherwise noted, is conventional raw material, the equipment of this area; Method therefor in the present invention, unless otherwise noted, is the conventional method of this area.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present invention; not the present invention is imposed any restrictions, every above embodiment is done according to the technology of the present invention essence any simple modification, change and equivalent transformation, all still belong to the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a production method for spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket, is characterized in that, using spontaneous heating fiber filament as plush yarn, using polyester FDY as wire gauze, comprising the steps:
1), weave: winder → warping → weave → cut open suede, inspection;
2), prefinishing: drying and shaping → bristle → hot light;
3), dyeing and finishing: the process → dehydration of dyeing → reduction cleaning, flexible smooth, oven dry;
4), Final finishing: 4.1 fronts, bristle → 4.4, front, hot light → 4.3, front, drying and shaping → 4.2 scald cut → 4.5 fluffing → 4.6 back sides, hot light → 4.8, the back side, bristle → 4.7, the back side, the back sides grab cut → 4.9 multiple sizing → 4.10 fronts scald cut → 4.11 back sides scald cuts → 4.12 slittings sew up;
5), packaging warehouse-in.
2. the production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, adopt raschel machine to weave in step 1), in braiding process, technological parameter is: rotating speed 320r/min, the high 10mm of hair, count 9.11, wool yarn warp run-in 28.55mm/r; Cut open in suede process and cut open suede speed 4m/min, band cutter linear velocity 800m/min, cuts open fine hair High Defferential≤1mm, cuts open suede weight differential≤1.5%, and cuing open suede, to enter cloth direction be that vicarious menstruation braiding is made direction and entered cloth.
3. the production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, high-temperature and high pressure dyeing process is selected to dye to fabric in step 3), described high-temperature and high pressure dyeing process is: successively dyestuff, dyeing assistant are added in water to being prepared into dye liquor at normal temperatures, the pH of described dye liquor controls at 4.5-5.5; Then be immersed in dye liquor by fabric, the mass ratio of fabric and dye liquor is 1:7; Then heat temperature raising is carried out to dye liquor: first dye liquor is warming up to 90 DEG C with the speed of 1.5 DEG C/min, then dye liquor is warming up to 125-135 DEG C with the speed of 1 DEG C/min, last fixation 60min; Wherein said dyestuff is LonsperseEF series disperse dyes, and described dyeing assistant comprises metal ion chelation agent, high temperature dispersant, high temperature levelling agent and pH buffer; In described dye liquor, the consumption of metal ion chelation agent is 0.3-0.5g/L, and the consumption of high temperature dispersant is 1-2g/L, and the consumption of high temperature levelling agent is 0.5-1g/L.
4. the production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, after step 3) dyeing, with reduction cleaning liquid, reduction cleaning process 25-35min is carried out to fabric, then with the acetum of 0.5wt%, neutralization &washing is carried out to fabric; Described reduction cleaning liquid comprises sheet alkali 2g/L, sodium hydrosulfite 3g/L, synthesis detergent 2g/L, surfactant 2g/L and water.
5. the production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, after step 3) reduction cleaning, carry out arrangement 2-3 second with flexible smooth agent to fabric; Described flexible smooth agent comprises silicone softening agent, smooth agent and water, and wherein the weight of silicone softening agent is the 2.5-3% that water is heavy, and the weight of smooth agent is the 1.5-2% that water is heavy.
6. the production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in step 4), in 4.1 drying and shaping, the Speed Setting of tentering heat setting machine is 22m/min, and temperature is set as 180 DEG C; In 4.2 front hot lights, hot light temperature is 185 DEG C, cloth speed 16m/min, along hair twice, and twice, inverse hair; The speed of 4.3 front bristles is 4.5m/min, along hairbrush; It is 185 DEG C that the temperature of cutting is scalded in 4.4 fronts, and speed is 12m/min, and inverse hair scalds to be cut; The speed of 4.5 back side fluffings is 19m/min, and play gross weight 40%, front retains 60%; In fluffing process, fluff 4 times in the back side, and first time is zero fluffing, and be for the 2nd, 3 time the weak fluffing of equal fluffing intensity, the 4th is strong fluffing; The speed of 4.6 back side bristles is 4.5m/min, single roller bristle, along hairbrush; The hot light temperature of 4.7 back side hot lights is 185 DEG C, and hot light speed first pass is 11m/min, is for second time 13m/min, machine on inverse hair; It is 10.5m/min that the speed of cutting is grabbed at 4.8 back sides, and cropping is highly 4.5mm, adopts machine on inverse hair; The temperature of 4.9 multiple sizings is 170 DEG C, and speed is 20m/min; It is 185 DEG C that the temperature of cutting is scalded in 4.10 fronts, speed 12m/min, cuts twice along hair, each the scalding of inverse hair; 4.11 back sides scald that to cut temperature be 185 DEG C, and speed 12m/min, inverse hair scalds cuts twice.
7. the production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the specification of described spontaneous heating fiber filament is 150D/144F, and the specification of described polyester FDY is 150D/36F.
8. the production method of the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as described in claim 1 or 7, it is characterized in that, the preparation method of described spontaneous heating fiber filament is as follows: after blended to polyester granules, lignocellulosic, heat accumulation composite particles and insulation particle, carry out spinning by melt spinning machine, obtained spontaneous heating fiber filament; Wherein said lignocellulosic accounts for the 20-30wt% of overall content, and described heat accumulation composite particles accounts for the 2-4wt% of overall content, and described insulation particle accounts for the 2-4wt% of overall content.
9. the production method of spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, the preparation method of described insulation particle is as follows: be that to be placed in concentration be that the hydrochloric acid solution of 5-10wt% floods 2-3h for the sepiolite powder of 400-600nm by particle diameter, wherein solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:(5-10); After taking out, cleaning is to neutral obtained insulation particle; The preparation method of described heat accumulation composite particles is as follows: above-mentioned obtained insulation particle is mixed obtained suspension with water, then cetyl ammonium bromide is added in described suspension and add thermal agitation and carry out organically-modified, wherein temperature is 50-60 DEG C, time is 60-80min, and described insulation particle, water and cetyl ammonium bromide mass ratio are 100:(350-450): (10-30); Then organically-modified sepiolite is obtained after taking out drying; Described organically-modified sepiolite is mixed with ethanol and obtains dispersion liquid, stearic acid is added in described dispersion liquid and progressively adds thermal agitation, wherein said organically-modified sepiolite, ethanol and stearic mass ratio are 100:(250-350): (30-40), programming rate is 20 DEG C/h, maximum temperature is 85-90 DEG C, until after ethanol evaporates completely, obtained heat accumulation composite particles after product being carried out drying.
10. the production method of the spontaneous heating fiber raschel blanket as described in claim 1 or 7, it is characterized in that, described spontaneous heating fiber filament before weaving also through pretreatment, concrete grammar is as follows: spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-are successively added to pH and carry out in the aqueous hydrochloric acid solution of 4-6 adding thermal agitation, wherein temperature is 40-60 DEG C, and the time is 2-4h; Then in reactant liquor, add sodium cyanoborohydride continue reaction 24-48h, after finally reactant liquor pH being adjusted to neutrality, spontaneous heating fiber filament taken out and clean; The mass ratio of wherein said spontaneous heating fiber filament, beta-schardinger dextrin-, aqueous hydrochloric acid solution and sodium cyanoborohydride is 1:(1-2): (40-60): (0.5-1).
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CN107142747A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-08 石狮市益明染织有限公司 A kind of 3D flies to knit vamp yarn dyeing and finishing technology
CN107217383A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-09-29 桐乡市龙翔纺织有限责任公司 A kind of production method of etched-out velvet fabric
CN107419424A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-01 浙江真爱毯业科技有限公司 A kind of Thermoheat hygroscopic heating fibers cloud blanket
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CN110538817A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-06 杭州柯力达家纺有限公司 natural luster finishing machine for warp-knitted super-soft sofa fabric and production process thereof
CN111139572A (en) * 2020-03-07 2020-05-12 虞晓洁 Production process of diversified elastic single-sided velvet

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CN105615428A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-06-01 江苏金典纺织有限公司 Raschel blanket and production process thereof
CN105780284A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-20 江苏新东旭纺织科技有限公司 Moisture-absorption and heat-generation warp-knitted fabric and processing method of moisture-absorption and heat-generation warp-knitted fabric
CN105970467A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-28 浙江恒生印染有限公司 Preparation process of two-component flash color twill sofa cloth fabric
CN106978634B (en) * 2016-08-31 2019-05-03 浙江金旗新材料科技有限公司 A kind of warming 6 preoriented yarn of wear-resisting type polyamide fibre
CN106978636A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-07-25 浙江金旗新材料科技有限公司 A kind of warming high oriented yarn of wear-resisting type polyamide fibre 6
CN106978634A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-07-25 浙江金旗新材料科技有限公司 A kind of warming preoriented yarn of wear-resisting type polyamide fibre 6
CN107217383A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-09-29 桐乡市龙翔纺织有限责任公司 A kind of production method of etched-out velvet fabric
CN107142747A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-08 石狮市益明染织有限公司 A kind of 3D flies to knit vamp yarn dyeing and finishing technology
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CN108049007A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-18 上海嘉麟杰纺织品股份有限公司 A kind of napping knitted fabric and preparation method thereof
CN108552883A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-09-21 浙江真爱时尚家居有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the spherical pillowcase woollen blanket with health care pro-skin characteristic
CN108552883B (en) * 2018-01-19 2020-02-21 浙江真爱时尚家居有限公司 Preparation method of spherical pillowcase blanket with health care and skin-friendly characteristics
CN108486763A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-09-04 浙江真爱时尚家居有限公司 A kind of Moslem's week anti-cool woollen blanket not easy to fade and preparation method thereof
CN108396453A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-08-14 浙江真爱时尚家居有限公司 A kind of preparation method of triangle purl Rachael blanket
CN110538817A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-06 杭州柯力达家纺有限公司 natural luster finishing machine for warp-knitted super-soft sofa fabric and production process thereof
CN111139572A (en) * 2020-03-07 2020-05-12 虞晓洁 Production process of diversified elastic single-sided velvet

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