CN105272550A - Lodging-resistant wheat fertilizer synergist - Google Patents

Lodging-resistant wheat fertilizer synergist Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105272550A
CN105272550A CN201510647487.7A CN201510647487A CN105272550A CN 105272550 A CN105272550 A CN 105272550A CN 201510647487 A CN201510647487 A CN 201510647487A CN 105272550 A CN105272550 A CN 105272550A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
earthworm
gained
wheat
lodging
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CN201510647487.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈世勇
汪建飞
李孝良
谢樾
马万征
高详
查海涅
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Maanshan Shengnong Grain Industry Productivity Promotion Center Co Ltd
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Maanshan Shengnong Grain Industry Productivity Promotion Center Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510647487.7A priority Critical patent/CN105272550A/en
Publication of CN105272550A publication Critical patent/CN105272550A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a lodging-resistant wheat fertilizer synergist which is prepared from the following raw materials (by weight): 3-5 parts of bagasse, 2-4 parts of sodium alginate, 25-28 parts of Chinese herb residue, 25-28 parts of turfy soil, 11-13 parts of vermiculite, 17-23 parts of ears of sorghum, 2-3 parts of itaconic acid, 1-2 parts of zinc sulfate, 13-16 parts of bone meal, 12-14 parts of earthworm, 95-105 parts of fresh pig dung or urine, 12-15 parts of papermaking black liquor, 6-7 parts of fresh leaf of Embelia laeta, 4-6 parts of an EM compound microbial agent and a proper amount of water. As for growth of wheat, the fertilizer synergist has comprehensive nutrient elements, has effects of supplementing a fertilizer and enhancing nutrition supply, can raise toughness and supportiveness of wheat stems by the use of itaconic acid, sodium alginate and the like, and also can enhance nutrients absorption of a root system by the addition of Chinese herb residue and earthworm metabolite and extend absorption range of the root system. Furthermore, soil roothold capability is enhanced, and lodging resistance is raised.

Description

A kind of wheat fertilizer synergist resistant to lodging
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer synergist technical field, particularly relate to a kind of wheat fertilizer synergist resistant to lodging.
Background technology
Along with the development of the specialization of China's agriculture production, industrialization, mass-producing; production estimation ubiquity is applied fertilizer the problems such as unreasonable, the single and continuous cropping for many years of cultivation kind; soil physico-chemical property is caused to worsen; the output of agricultural-food, quality and resistance decline; greatly constrain the Sustainable development of agricultural planting, and measures of fertilizer is one of important factor affecting soil quality and sustainable use thereof.
Planting conditions is improved for above problem many agricultural planting families choice for use fertilizer, but current commercially available multiple fertilizer exists fertilizer efficiency to be failed to understand, the problem that medium trace element is less and plant utilization rate is low, comes into force simultaneously and also can cause the shortage of crop alimentary comparatively slowly.
Fresh pig fecaluria is a kind of well organic raw material, but directly uses and will produce crop and hinder the negative impacts such as root, disease, crop smothering, and by that natural pile fermentation process in the past, then there is again following several respects drawback: one is that the stack retting time is long, weak effect; Two is bank up for a long time both to account for place, pollutes again to surrounding environment; Three are nature pile fermentation fecalurias is rotten wet shape, tool stench, is difficult to transport, is also difficult to directly use.
For this reason; current inventor provides one utilizes earthworm to transform Pig dung and urine to prepare fertilizer synergist; simultaneously for the lodging phenomenon generally occurred in wheat planting process; to improve the lodging tolerance of wheat and to improve the result of use of fertilizer, to promoting that the mass-producing of wheat planting has great importance and acts on.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly the defect in order to make up prior art, provides a kind of wheat fertilizer synergist resistant to lodging.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of wheat fertilizer synergist resistant to lodging, is made up of the raw material of following weight part: bagasse 3-5, sodium alginate 2-4, Chinese medicine slag 25-28, turfy soil 25-28, vermiculite 11-13, Chinese sorghum fringe 17-23, methylene-succinic acid 2-3, zinc sulfate 1-2, bone meal 13-16, earthworm 12-14, fresh pig fecaluria 95-105, black liquid 12-15, Fruit of Common Embelia fresh leaf 6-7, EM composite fungus agent 4-6, water are appropriate.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fertilizer synergist are as follows:
(1) fresh pig fecaluria is fully mixed with turfy soil, Chinese sorghum fringe, be stacked in the fermentation vat of lucifuge, by the water content of spray control bank at 60-65%, earthworm is sprinkled in pond, within 22-24 days, backward fermentation heap surface is thrown and is spilt bagasse, is gathered by the earthworm climbed out of, and remaining ferment material is put into stoving oven, dry at 46-48 DEG C, pulverize for subsequent use after taking out;
(2) be solid-state by black liquid heating evaporation, then mix with vermiculite and be placed in calcining furnace, at 720-760 DEG C, calcine 2-3 hour, pulverize for subsequent use after taking out;
(3) earthworm of step 1 being gathered is placed in sun underground airing 5-6 hour, solarization dry grinding is for subsequent use, again by fresh for Fruit of Common Embelia leaf and water in mass ratio 1:1 mix, be placed in stirrer to pull an oar, obtain filtrate by filtered through gauze again, gained filtrate is mixed with earthworm dry powder, methylene-succinic acid, zinc sulfate, sodium alginate, add the water post-heating of 3 times of quality to 75-85 DEG C, stir after 45-60 minute and filter, obtain filtrate and filter residue is for subsequent use;
(4) sealed fermenting 10-14 days after step 3 gained filter residue being mixed with EM composite fungus agent, Chinese medicine slag, bone meal and other remaining components, period keeps fermentation heap water content at 50-55% and after 5-7 days, turning is once in fermentation, by air-dry for gained tunning rear pulverizing, and with step 1 gained mixing of materials, be placed in tablets press granulation;
(5) step 3 gained filtrate is sprayed on step 4 gained particle exterior surface, then step 2 gained calcined powder is evenly coated on particle, obtain fertilizer synergist of the present invention.
The using method of synergistic agent of the present invention is be manured into soil after mixing according to the ratio of 8%-10% and common fertilizer.
Advantage of the present invention is:
Earthworm can absorb the organic matter in pig manure, and be the better simply compound such as amino acid, poly-phenol by its decomposition and inversion, under the effect of multiple biological enzyme, condensation forms soil ulmin, to soil, there is good improving effect, utilize several functions base in earthworm dry powder to also improve the receptivity of plant to fertilizer simultaneously.
Use the fresh leaf of Fruit of Common Embelia by the organic acid for activating heavy metal-polluted soil of its leaf juice higher concentration in preparation process, simultaneously nutrient is converted into as a kind of sequestrant the state that plant easily absorbs, and there is the low and eco-friendly advantage of cost.
The mixed calcining of black liquid and vermiculite adds the outer field specific surface area of synergistic agent, adds the nutrient contents such as Mierocrystalline cellulose, and has stronger water-absorbing-retaining effect.
Fertilizer synergist of the present invention is for the growth of wheat, there is more comprehensive nutritive element, effect that is supplementary and nutrient-reinforced supply is played to fertilizer, the use of methylene-succinic acid, sodium alginate etc. more can improve toughness and the holding power of wheat cane, the root system that the interpolation of Chinese medicine slag, earthworm metabolite improves again is to the absorption of nutrition, the absorption region of extensive root system, and then the soil anchoring capability adding root, improve lodging resistance.
Embodiment
A kind of wheat fertilizer synergist resistant to lodging, is made up of the raw material of following weight part (kg): bagasse 3, sodium alginate 2, Chinese medicine slag 25, turfy soil 25, vermiculite 11, Chinese sorghum fringe 17, methylene-succinic acid 2, zinc sulfate 1, bone meal 13, earthworm 12, fresh pig fecaluria 95, black liquid 12, the fresh leaf of Fruit of Common Embelia 6, EM composite fungus agent 4, water are appropriate.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fertilizer synergist are as follows:
(1) fresh pig fecaluria is fully mixed with turfy soil, Chinese sorghum fringe, be stacked in the fermentation vat of lucifuge, by the water content of spray control bank 60%, earthworm is sprinkled in pond, within 22 days, backward fermentation heap surface is thrown and is spilt bagasse, is gathered by the earthworm climbed out of, and remaining ferment material is put into stoving oven, dry at 46 DEG C, pulverize for subsequent use after taking out;
(2) be solid-state by black liquid heating evaporation, then mix with vermiculite and be placed in calcining furnace, calcine 2 hours at 720 DEG C, pulverize for subsequent use after taking out;
(3) earthworm of step 1 being gathered is placed in the airing of sun underground 5 hours, solarization dry grinding is for subsequent use, again by fresh for Fruit of Common Embelia leaf and water in mass ratio 1:1 mix, be placed in stirrer to pull an oar, obtain filtrate by filtered through gauze again, gained filtrate is mixed with earthworm dry powder, methylene-succinic acid, zinc sulfate, sodium alginate, add the water post-heating to 75 DEG C of 3 times of quality, stir after 45 minutes and filter, obtain filtrate and filter residue is for subsequent use;
(4) sealed fermenting 10 days after step 3 gained filter residue being mixed with EM composite fungus agent, Chinese medicine slag, bone meal and other remaining components, period keeps fermentation heap water content 50% and after 5 days, turning is once in fermentation, by air-dry for gained tunning rear pulverizing, and with step 1 gained mixing of materials, be placed in tablets press granulation;
(5) step 3 gained filtrate is sprayed on step 4 gained particle exterior surface, then step 2 gained calcined powder is evenly coated on particle, obtain fertilizer synergist of the present invention.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, contriver have chosen one piece of experimental field of wheat, be divided into 2 parts of equal areas, and apply the commercially available common wheat fertilizer of equivalent simultaneously, portion applies fertilizer synergist of the present invention in proportion as experimental group wherein again, another part as a control group, sowing wheat after, plantation 100 days after, plantation 200 days after get the mensuration that two groups of soil carry out fertilizer efficiency respectively, add up output and disease incidence after harvesting wheat, data are as follows again:
Project Control group Experimental group
Soil available nitrogen content (mg/kg) 51.20 63.83
Content of soil available phosphor (mg/kg) 89.58 101.25
Soil Available potassium content (mg/kg) 135.50 147.86
Disease and pest incidence (%) 6.7 2.6
Wheat yield (kg/ mu) 491 532
After can finding out employ fertilizer synergist of the present invention from above experimental data, from wheat cultivation to ripening period, every fertility index of soil all gets a promotion, disease and pest phenomenon reduces simultaneously, and there is not lodging on a large scale phenomenon, wheat yield improves, and illustrates that fertilizer synergist of the present invention stores fertile ability to the nutrition release of fertilizer and soil and all has significant promoter action.

Claims (2)

1. a wheat fertilizer synergist resistant to lodging, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight part: bagasse 3-5, sodium alginate 2-4, Chinese medicine slag 25-28, turfy soil 25-28, vermiculite 11-13, Chinese sorghum fringe 17-23, methylene-succinic acid 2-3, zinc sulfate 1-2, bone meal 13-16, earthworm 12-14, fresh pig fecaluria 95-105, black liquid 12-15, Fruit of Common Embelia fresh leaf 6-7, EM composite fungus agent 4-6, water are appropriate.
2. the wheat fertilizer synergist resistant to lodging according to claims 1, it is characterized in that, the concrete steps of preparation method are as follows:
(1) fresh pig fecaluria is fully mixed with turfy soil, Chinese sorghum fringe, be stacked in the fermentation vat of lucifuge, by the water content of spray control bank at 60-65%, earthworm is sprinkled in pond, within 22-24 days, backward fermentation heap surface is thrown and is spilt bagasse, is gathered by the earthworm climbed out of, and remaining ferment material is put into stoving oven, dry at 46-48 DEG C, pulverize for subsequent use after taking out;
(2) be solid-state by black liquid heating evaporation, then mix with vermiculite and be placed in calcining furnace, at 720-760 DEG C, calcine 2-3 hour, pulverize for subsequent use after taking out;
(3) earthworm of step 1 being gathered is placed in sun underground airing 5-6 hour, solarization dry grinding is for subsequent use, again by fresh for Fruit of Common Embelia leaf and water in mass ratio 1:1 mix, be placed in stirrer to pull an oar, obtain filtrate by filtered through gauze again, gained filtrate is mixed with earthworm dry powder, methylene-succinic acid, zinc sulfate, sodium alginate, add the water post-heating of 3 times of quality to 75-85 DEG C, stir after 45-60 minute and filter, obtain filtrate and filter residue is for subsequent use;
(4) sealed fermenting 10-14 days after step 3 gained filter residue being mixed with EM composite fungus agent, Chinese medicine slag, bone meal and other remaining components, period keeps fermentation heap water content at 50-55% and after 5-7 days, turning is once in fermentation, by air-dry for gained tunning rear pulverizing, and with step 1 gained mixing of materials, be placed in tablets press granulation;
(5) step 3 gained filtrate is sprayed on step 4 gained particle exterior surface, then step 2 gained calcined powder is evenly coated on particle, obtain fertilizer synergist of the present invention.
CN201510647487.7A 2015-10-09 2015-10-09 Lodging-resistant wheat fertilizer synergist Withdrawn CN105272550A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106699478A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-05-24 宿州瑞泰农业发展有限公司 Special wheat fertilizer for preventing root rot
CN106699426A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-05-24 宿州瑞泰农业发展有限公司 Special compound mixing fertilizer for winter wheat
CN106831173A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-06-13 宿州瑞泰农业发展有限公司 A kind of wheat slow release fertilizer

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102557370A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-11 富阳市诚龙蚯蚓养殖有限公司 Method for treating biochemical sludge or poultry and livestock manure by using earthworm
CN103483106A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-01-01 安徽省成仓复合肥有限公司 Crop fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104058839A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-09-24 明光市业兴非金属材料厂 Lodging-resistant wheat fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102557370A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-11 富阳市诚龙蚯蚓养殖有限公司 Method for treating biochemical sludge or poultry and livestock manure by using earthworm
CN103483106A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-01-01 安徽省成仓复合肥有限公司 Crop fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104058839A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-09-24 明光市业兴非金属材料厂 Lodging-resistant wheat fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106699478A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-05-24 宿州瑞泰农业发展有限公司 Special wheat fertilizer for preventing root rot
CN106699426A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-05-24 宿州瑞泰农业发展有限公司 Special compound mixing fertilizer for winter wheat
CN106831173A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-06-13 宿州瑞泰农业发展有限公司 A kind of wheat slow release fertilizer

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