CN105261285A - Modularized multifunctional numerical control machine tool and application thereof - Google Patents

Modularized multifunctional numerical control machine tool and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105261285A
CN105261285A CN201510685344.5A CN201510685344A CN105261285A CN 105261285 A CN105261285 A CN 105261285A CN 201510685344 A CN201510685344 A CN 201510685344A CN 105261285 A CN105261285 A CN 105261285A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
numerical control
machine tool
lathe
control machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510685344.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张彦春
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Tianjin Mingda Tongyuan Technology Development Co Ltd
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Tianjin Mingda Tongyuan Technology Development Co Ltd
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Application filed by Tianjin Mingda Tongyuan Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Tianjin Mingda Tongyuan Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510685344.5A priority Critical patent/CN105261285A/en
Publication of CN105261285A publication Critical patent/CN105261285A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B25/00Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B25/02Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes of industrial processes; of machinery

Abstract

The invention relates to a modularized multifunctional numerical control machine tool for teaching, and the application thereof. The machine tool comprises a pedestal, a lathe main shaft, a horizontal lateral guide rail, a rotating shaft, and a vertical lift guide rail. The pedestal is horizontally and laterally provided with the horizontal lateral guide rail and the vertical lift guide rail; the lathe main shaft is slidably arranged on the horizontal lateral guide rail through slide blocks; the rotating shaft is slidably arranged on the vertical lift guide rail through the slide blocks; the rotating shaft above the lathe main shaft is coaxially provided with a rotating disc through four symmetrical horizontal vertical guide rails; the bottom of the rotating disc is provided with a milling cutter; the side of the rotating disc vertical with the milling cutter is provided with a replaceable lathe tool rest. The modularized multifunctional numerical control machine tool is an innovative and cheap small numerical control turning and milling teaching aid for learning, as well as a good entry-level teaching aid.

Description

A kind of Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool and application thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to teaching aid field, relate to numerically-controlled machine, particularly a kind of Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool and application thereof.
Background technology
As machinery and the student of relevant speciality thereof, must contact number controlled machine, and the course that is absolutely necessary such as machining manufacture and mechanical drawing, Practice in Mechanical Technology is indispensable especially.
But numerically-controlled machine is expensive and floor area is large, the numerically-controlled machine that most of colleges and universities do not have enough funds and place to use to buy enough students, on the other hand, the emphasis of various numerically-controlled machine differs, and compatibility also exists larger limitation.Therefore see do few more during practising method, seldom have the chance of taking action on one's own.This just causes student not clearly to be familiar with for the lathe such as numerically controlled lathe, milling machine, not familiar especially to some basic operative skills.Operation that each classmate can be real be familiar with numerically-controlled machine and may is allowed under present colleges and universities' environment.
Through retrieval, not yet find the equipment of this type of application and teaching aid.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, propose a kind of integration good and the Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool that uses capable of being combined and application thereof.
The present invention solves its technical matters and takes following technical scheme to realize:
A kind of Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool, comprise pedestal, lathe spindle, horizontal cross guide rail, turning axle, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail, on pedestal, horizontal cross is provided with horizontal cross guide rail and VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail, horizontal cross guide rail is provided with lathe spindle by skid, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail is provided with turning axle by skid, described lathe spindle includes main shaft pedestal, chuck, chuck is provided with driver part, this driver part with, chuck, lathe spindle is provided with jointly on main shaft pedestal, turning axle above lathe spindle is coaxially installed with rotating disc by four symmetrical horizontal longitudinal rails, bottom this rotating disc, milling cutter tool is installed, in the rotating disc side vertical with this milling cutter tool, changeable type lathe tool tool rest is installed.
And described main shaft pedestal is by slide block and horizontal cross guide rail motor-driven synchronous belt band wheel drive or driven by motor-driven worm and gear.
And described chuck is scroll chuck.
And, at the edge of described horizontal cross guide rail, mini-mesa flat-nose pliers is installed, horizontal cross guide rail is provided with lathe back tail seat.
And described horizontal cross guide rail, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail are leading screw, this leading screw engages with slide block and installs.
And also comprise control assembly, this control assembly comprises employing stepper motor and computer, its equipment used and annexation are prior art.
The application of above-mentioned Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool a: mode of operation for simulation numerically-controlled machine, the rotation of lathe spindle, as main motion, rotating disc is combined into lathe with lathe tool and lathe spindle, can realize turning, end face and screw thread.
A kind of application of above-mentioned Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool: the mode of operation of simulation CNC milling machine, rotate as main motion using the motor of lathe spindle, workpiece on rotating disc using milling cutter as tool sharpening on chuck or on bench vice fixture, can realize machining hole, keyway, plane.
The application of above-mentioned Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool a: mode of operation for simulation turnning and milling compound, rotating disc drives the conversion of lathe tool and milling cutter, and clamped one time workpiece, by one-time programming, successively realizes the operation of car and milling.
A kind of application of above-mentioned Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool: the mode of operation of five-axis robot, the cutter of rotating disc is rotated different angles, using horizontal cross guide rail as x-axis, horizontal longitudinal rail is as y-axis, using vertical guide rail as z-axis, form three-dimensional coordinate and form five-axis robot with lathe spindle, realizing complex-curved five-axis robot.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:
Teaching Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool provided by the invention is in view of the miniature numerical control turnning and milling teaching aid equipment for Students ' Learning not having this small inexpensive in the market, provide this Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool teaching aid, it is a good entry level teaching aid.This teaching aid has possessed the function of numerically controlled lathe, CNC milling machine, turnning and milling compound and five-axis robot, is an a tractor serves several purposes, dynamo-electric teaching aid that cost performance is extremely high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Be further described the invention process below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, following examples are descriptive, are not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
A kind of Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool, comprise pedestal 8, lathe spindle 9, horizontal cross guide rail 10, turning axle 12, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail 11, on pedestal, horizontal cross is provided with horizontal cross guide rail and VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail, horizontal cross guide rail is slidably fitted with lathe spindle by slide block 7, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail is provided with turning axle by skid, turning axle above lathe spindle is coaxially installed with rotating disc 1 by four symmetrical horizontal longitudinal rails, milling cutter tool 3 is installed bottom this rotating disc, in the rotating disc side vertical with this milling cutter tool, changeable type lathe tool tool rest 2 is installed.
Lathe spindle includes main shaft pedestal, scroll chuck, scroll chuck is provided with driver part, this driver part with, three grab chuck, lathe spindle and be jointly provided with on main shaft pedestal, main shaft pedestal is by slide block and horizontal cross guide rail motor-driven synchronous belt band wheel drive or driven by motor-driven worm and gear.
At the edge of horizontal cross guide rail, mini-mesa flat-nose pliers 4 is installed, horizontal cross guide rail is provided with lathe back tail seat 5.
Horizontal cross guide rail, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail are leading screw, and this leading screw engages with slide block and installs, and each leading screw is provided with the mount pad 6 of the motor driving leading screw by end.
This teaching Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool also comprises control assembly, this control assembly comprises the motion adopting stepper motor and Mach software to carry out controlling each axle, and this only needs a Daepori talking computer, in laboratory and classroom, all there is a computer, therefore control to be very easy to realize.For the ease of carrying, we have made a special control box.Mach software is the numerical control software based on windows platform of a opening, adopts international G code, identical with lathe codes used such as Siemenss popular on the market, can control six-axis linkage at most.Concrete control details is exactly that host computer (computer) passes to slave computer (128 subdivision driver) pulse signal by the parallel port of 25 pins, and then pass to the rotation that stepper motor carrys out control step motor, thus the motion of control ball-screw, Timing Belt, worm and gear or rotation.
Mode of operation of the present invention is:
This teaching aid can realize the different function of numerically controlled lathe, CNC milling machine, turnning and milling compound and five-axis robot four kinds.
1, numerically controlled lathe, the rotation of lathe spindle, as main motion, rotating disc is combined into lathe with lathe tool and lathe spindle, can realize turning, end face and screw thread etc.
2, CNC milling machine, rotate as main motion using the motor of lathe spindle, the workpiece on rotating disc using milling cutter as tool sharpening on chuck or on bench vice fixture, can realize machining hole, keyway, plane etc.
3, turnning and milling compound, rotating disc drives the conversion of lathe tool and milling cutter, and clamped one time workpiece, by one-time programming, successively realizes the operation of car and milling, operation can be kept to concentrate, eliminate (or minimizing) workpiece and reinstall positioning error, improve machining precision.
4, five-axis robot: the cutter of rotating disc is rotated different angles, using horizontal cross guide rail as x-axis, horizontal longitudinal rail is as y-axis, using vertical guide rail as z-axis.Form three-dimensional coordinate and form five-axis robot with lathe spindle, by computer programming, realizing complex-curved five-axis robot.
Although disclose embodiments of the invention and accompanying drawing for the purpose of illustration, but it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that: in the spirit and scope not departing from the present invention and claims, various replacement, change and amendment are all possible, therefore, scope of the present invention is not limited to the content disclosed in embodiment and accompanying drawing.

Claims (10)

1. a teaching Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool, it is characterized in that: comprise pedestal, lathe spindle, horizontal cross guide rail, turning axle, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail, on pedestal, horizontal cross is provided with horizontal cross guide rail and VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail, horizontal cross guide rail is provided with lathe spindle by skid, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail is provided with turning axle by skid, described lathe spindle includes main shaft pedestal, chuck, chuck is provided with driver part, this driver part with, chuck, lathe spindle is provided with jointly on main shaft pedestal, turning axle above lathe spindle is coaxially installed with rotating disc by four symmetrical horizontal longitudinal rails, bottom this rotating disc, milling cutter tool is installed, in the rotating disc side vertical with this milling cutter tool, changeable type lathe tool tool rest is installed.
2. teaching Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that: main shaft pedestal is by slide block and horizontal cross guide rail motor-driven synchronous belt band wheel drive or driven by motor-driven worm and gear.
3. teaching Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described chuck is scroll chuck.
4. teaching Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with mini-mesa flat-nose pliers at the edge of described horizontal cross guide rail, horizontal cross guide rail is provided with lathe back tail seat.
5. teaching Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described horizontal cross guide rail, VTOL (vertical take off and landing) guide rail are leading screw, and this leading screw engages with slide block and installs.
6. teaching Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise control assembly, and this control assembly comprises employing stepper motor and computer, and its equipment used and annexation are prior art.
7. the application of a Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: the mode of operation of simulation numerically-controlled machine, the rotation of lathe spindle, as main motion, rotating disc is combined into lathe with lathe tool and lathe spindle, can realize turning, end face and screw thread.
8. the application of a Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: the mode of operation of simulation CNC milling machine, rotate as main motion using the motor of lathe spindle, workpiece on rotating disc using milling cutter as tool sharpening on chuck or on bench vice fixture, can realize machining hole, keyway, plane.
9. the application of a Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: the mode of operation of simulation turnning and milling compound, rotating disc drives the conversion of lathe tool and milling cutter, clamped one time workpiece, by one-time programming, successively realize the operation of car and milling.
10. the application of a Modular multifunctional numerical control machine tool as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: the mode of operation of five-axis robot, the cutter of rotating disc is rotated different angles, using horizontal cross guide rail as x-axis, horizontal longitudinal rail is as y-axis, using vertical guide rail as z-axis, form three-dimensional coordinate and form five-axis robot with lathe spindle, realizing complex-curved five-axis robot.
CN201510685344.5A 2015-10-21 2015-10-21 Modularized multifunctional numerical control machine tool and application thereof Pending CN105261285A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105261285A true CN105261285A (en) 2016-01-20

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108022470A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-11 郑州极致科技有限公司 A kind of student's Practical training equipment
CN110355605A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-22 太仓市海谷五金机电设备有限公司 A kind of economical five-axle number control machine tool
CN110782723A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-02-11 南京浩伟智能科技有限公司 Learning equipment for simulating practical training and simulated practical training method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0368977A1 (en) * 1988-05-25 1990-05-23 Somab Sa Multifunctional machine-tool for complex machining of long pieces.
CN201632834U (en) * 2009-12-02 2010-11-17 卫乙机械工业股份有限公司 5-axis platform type turning and milling hybrid-computer numerical control processor
EP2263827A1 (en) * 2009-06-16 2010-12-22 MAG IAS GmbH Machine tool for processing workpieces
CN202939899U (en) * 2012-10-30 2013-05-15 苏州工业园区职业技术学院 Five-axis numerical control processing teaching demonstration machine
CN203882538U (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-10-15 董放 Foldable teaching five-axis machine tool model
CN203910147U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-10-29 嘉兴学院 Teaching auxiliary device for numerically controlled turning-milling composite machine tool
CN205158776U (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-04-13 天津明大通元科技发展有限公司 Teaching is with multi -functional digit control machine tool of modularization

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0368977A1 (en) * 1988-05-25 1990-05-23 Somab Sa Multifunctional machine-tool for complex machining of long pieces.
EP2263827A1 (en) * 2009-06-16 2010-12-22 MAG IAS GmbH Machine tool for processing workpieces
CN201632834U (en) * 2009-12-02 2010-11-17 卫乙机械工业股份有限公司 5-axis platform type turning and milling hybrid-computer numerical control processor
CN202939899U (en) * 2012-10-30 2013-05-15 苏州工业园区职业技术学院 Five-axis numerical control processing teaching demonstration machine
CN203910147U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-10-29 嘉兴学院 Teaching auxiliary device for numerically controlled turning-milling composite machine tool
CN203882538U (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-10-15 董放 Foldable teaching five-axis machine tool model
CN205158776U (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-04-13 天津明大通元科技发展有限公司 Teaching is with multi -functional digit control machine tool of modularization

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108022470A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-11 郑州极致科技有限公司 A kind of student's Practical training equipment
CN110355605A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-22 太仓市海谷五金机电设备有限公司 A kind of economical five-axle number control machine tool
CN110782723A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-02-11 南京浩伟智能科技有限公司 Learning equipment for simulating practical training and simulated practical training method

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