CN205660451U - Teaching section mould massing multiaxis numerically controlled fraise machine - Google Patents

Teaching section mould massing multiaxis numerically controlled fraise machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205660451U
CN205660451U CN201620144750.0U CN201620144750U CN205660451U CN 205660451 U CN205660451 U CN 205660451U CN 201620144750 U CN201620144750 U CN 201620144750U CN 205660451 U CN205660451 U CN 205660451U
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China
Prior art keywords
axis
axle
motor
control
module
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620144750.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵巍
王宽
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Tianjin University of Technology
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Tianjin University of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a teaching section mould massing multiaxis numerically controlled fraise machine, revolve rotary die piece, AC axle cradle module, the motion control of mach3 open type numerical control system card including long menliang, base, step motor, main shaft direct current motor, bench vice module, a axle. Its characteristics are: X, Y, Z triaxial pass through resilient coupling and ball worm drive transmission power by step motor, are led by the linear guide rail of precision, installation XZ axle cross sliding table on the roof beam of longmen, main shaft direct current motor and Z axle rigid connection, there is Y axle workstation on the base, can distinguishes mount table vice, the A rotation of axes, AC axle cradle module on it to the mechanical motion function that possess the multiaxis numerically controlled fraise machine, utilize the mach3 open type numerical control system control card can realize the control to multiaxis numerically controlled fraise machine mechanical motion respectively. The utility model discloses simple structure, the installation of each module of accessible, debugging are tempered the student and are started the ability of brain, improve the quality of teaching and efficiency.

Description

Teaching type modularized multi-axis CNC milling machine
Technical field
This utility model belongs to the technical field of teaching aid, relate to one can freely configure three axles, four axles, The modularized multi-axis CNC milling machine of Five-axis numerical control milling machine.
Background technology
In recent years, Digit Control Machine Tool, because automaticity is higher, has been widely used in industry-by-industry, Numerical Control Talents Demand the most constantly increase, various places many professional colleges have all founded Numerical Control Specialty class, but plant-size equipment volume is big, price is high It is a kind of great wasting of resources for teaching and actual Digit Control Machine Tool is difficult to the operation principle that allows student understand milling machine, it is impossible to Wave the value of himself, especially for multi-axis NC Machine Tools.At present, the teaching equipment of most of professional colleges is difficult to adapt to number The needs of control technique teaching.In order to improve quality of instruction and the teaching efficiency of vocational education universities and colleges, deepen student to multi-axis numerical control The understanding of milling machine, training student uses one's hands and brains and strengthens the creative thinking ability of student simultaneously, and a kind of teaching type modularity is many Shaft and NC Machining Test milling machine disclosure satisfy that current teaching demand.
Utility model content
This utility model relates to a kind of teaching type modularized multi-axis CNC milling machine, and simple in construction, low price are capable of Conversion between three axles, four axles, Five-axis numerical control milling machine, meets teaching demand.
Function of the present utility model is achieved in that teaching type modularized multi-axis CNC milling machine, including gantry beam, the end Seat, motor, main shaft direct current generator, bench vice module, A axle rotary module, AC axle cradle module, Mach3 open cnc System motion controls card, stepper motor driver, PWM speed regulator, XZ axial cross slide unit, yielding coupling.Be characterized in: X, Y, Z tri-axle, is guided by precision linear guide rail by yielding coupling and ball helical gearing transmission power by motor;Dragon Installing XZ axial cross slide unit on door beam, main shaft direct current generator is rigidly connected with Z axis;There is Y-axis workbench on base, it can be distinguished Erecting bed vice, A axle rotate, AC axle cradle module, thus have the mechanical movement function of multi-shaft numerical control milling machine;Mach3 moves The signal of control card NC program and microswitch by receiving computer realizes the design through stepper motor driver process to be needed The control of most five axles linkages wanted;Direct current generator carries out stepless speed regulation, commutation by PWM speed regulator.
This utility model is by configuring bench vice module on Y-axis workbench, and controls to access X on card (12) at Mach3 Axle, Y-axis, Z axis motor realize the function of Milling Motion in Three-axes NC;By configuring A axle rotary module on Y-axis workbench, and Control to access on card X-axis at Mach3, Y-axis, Z axis, A shaft step motor realize the function of four-shaft numerically controlled milling machine;By in Y-axis work Configure AC axle cradle module in station, and access X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis, A axle, C shaft step motor realize five on Mach3 control card The function of Shaft and NC Machining Test milling machine.
This utility model simple in construction, volume is little, and multiaxis modularized design facilitates student's understanding to multi-shaft numerical control milling machine, Freely configuring and ability that the debugging exercise student ' of control system uses one's hands and brains of gang tool, therefore this utility model is being imparted knowledge to students On have very much practicality.
With detailed description of the invention, this utility model is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the front view of this utility model theme;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is bench vice module of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is A axle rotary module of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is AC axle cradle module of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is that Mach3 of the present utility model controls card circuit connection diagram;
Fig. 8 is this utility model main shaft control circuit for DC electric machine figure.
In figure: 1-base plate, 2-gantry beam, 3-main shaft direct current generator, 4-yielding coupling, 5-motor, 6-XZ axle ten Word slide unit 6-1-X axle workbench, 6-2-Z axle workbench, 7-Y axle workbench, 8-linear guides, 9-bench vice module, 10-A axle Rotary module, 10-1-scroll chuck, 11-AC axle cradle module, 11-1A axle cradle, 11-2C axle rotary module, 12-Mach3 transports Dynamic control blocks, and 13-24V DC source, 14-stepper motor driver, 15-microswitch, 16-PWM speed regulator, 16-1-PWM turns Speed knob, 16-2-PWM steering knob.
Detailed description of the invention:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, the mechanical part of a kind of teaching type modularized multi-axis CNC milling machine Lathe bed includes base (1) and gantry beam (2);Having Y-axis workbench (7) on base (1), the power of Y-axis workbench (7) is by stepping electricity Machine (5) provides, and motor (5) is connected by yielding coupling (4) with ball screw device, and Y-axis workbench (7) is by linearly leading Rail (8) guides;Y-axis workbench (7) configuration bench vice module (9) can have the motor function of Milling Motion in Three-axes NC;Y-axis workbench (7) upper configuration A axle rotary module (10) can have the motor function of four-shaft numerically controlled milling machine, the rotary shaft of A axle rotary module and step Enter motor to be rigidly connected, provide power for rotary shaft;Y-axis workbench (7) upper configuration AC axle cradle module (11) can have five axles The motor function of CNC milling machine, A axle cradle (11-1) of AC axle cradle module and motor (5) are rigidly connected and transmit into A axle Power, the C axle rotary shaft of AC axle cradle module is connected as C axle transmission power with motor (5) by Timing Belt;Gantry beam (2) upper configuration XZ axial cross slide unit (6), XZ axial cross slide unit (6) is connected and Z with gantry beam (2) by X-axis workbench (6-1) Axle workbench (6-2) is fixed on the upper formation of X-axis workbench (6-1), and direct current generator (3) is fixed on Z axis workbench, passes through X Axle, the linkage of Z axis realize the spindle motor motion in XZ plane.
It is illustrated in figure 7 the circuit connection diagram of this utility model control system, digital control system in open type Mach3 motor control Card (12) is the core of whole control system, and the model of selected Mach3 motion control card is Ver3.4, at most can realize six axles Linkage, Mach3 motion control card (12) is by receiving pulse signal and the control of microswitch (15) of the NC program conversion of computer Signal processed processes the control realizing most five axles linkages that the design needs through stepper motor driver (14).Such as Fig. 8 institute Being shown as main shaft control circuit for DC electric machine figure, main shaft direct current generator (3) is fixed on Z axis workbench (6-2), main shaft direct current generator (3) chuck is had can to clamp milling cutter on;Direct current generator (3) is controlled by PWM speed regulator (16), and PWM speed regulator model is DCTS-5A type, can the rotating speed of stepless control motor, the function that motor rotates forward, inverts, stops can be controlled.
Of the present utility model it be particular in that digital control system in open type Mach3 motion control card and can freely configure Modularized multi-axis numerical control table, NC table links together, it is achieved that effective utilization of resource, convenient teaching, beneficially training student is started The ability beaten one's brains, is greatly improved quality of instruction and teaching efficiency.

Claims (6)

1. a teaching type modularized multi-axis CNC milling machine, lathe bed includes base (1) and gantry beam (2);Described base has on (1) Y-axis workbench (7), the power of described Y-axis workbench (7) is provided by motor (5), described motor (5) and ball Screw is connected by yielding coupling (4), and Y-axis workbench (7) is guided by linear guides (8);Described Y-axis workbench (7) differently configured module can have three-head milling machine, four-axis milling machine, the motor function of five axle milling machines;Described gantry beam is joined on (2) Put XZ axial cross slide unit (6), described XZ axial cross slide unit (6) to be connected and Z axis with gantry beam (2) by X-axis workbench (6-1) Workbench (6-2) is fixed on the upper formation of X-axis workbench (6-1);Main shaft direct current generator (3) is fixed on Z axis workbench (6-2) On, milling cutter is connected with main shaft direct current generator (3) by motor clamp tool;Described direct current generator (3) is entered by PWM speed regulator (16) Row controls;The signal of the Mach3 motion control card (12) NC program and microswitch (15) by receiving computer is electric through stepping Machine driver (14) processes the control realizing most five axles linkages that the design needs.
CNC milling machine the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Mach3 motion control card is open cnc system System motion control card, model is Ver3.4, at most can realize six-axis linkage.
CNC milling machine the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described PWM speed regulator model is DCTS-5A type, can With the rotating speed of stepless control motor, the function that motor rotates forward, inverts, stops can be controlled.
CNC milling machine the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Milling Motion in Three-axes NC, need to be at Y-axis workbench (7) upper configuration bench vice module (9), and control to access X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis motor on card (12) at Mach3.
CNC milling machine the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described four-shaft numerically controlled milling machine, need to be at Y-axis workbench (7) upper configuration A axle rotary module (10), and control to access X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis, A shaft step motor, institute on card (12) at Mach3 A axle rotary module (10) stated is rigidly connected offer rotary power by motor (5).
CNC milling machine the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Five-axis numerical control milling machine, need to be at Y-axis workbench (7) upper configuration AC axle cradle module (11), and control on card (12), to access X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis, A axle, C axle stepping electricity at Mach3 Machine, described AC axle cradle module, A axle cradle (11-1) and motor (5) be rigidly connected transmission power, C axle rotary shaft with Motor connects transmission power by Timing Belt.
CN201620144750.0U 2016-02-26 2016-02-26 Teaching section mould massing multiaxis numerically controlled fraise machine Expired - Fee Related CN205660451U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620144750.0U CN205660451U (en) 2016-02-26 2016-02-26 Teaching section mould massing multiaxis numerically controlled fraise machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620144750.0U CN205660451U (en) 2016-02-26 2016-02-26 Teaching section mould massing multiaxis numerically controlled fraise machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107134211A (en) * 2016-02-26 2017-09-05 天津职业技术师范大学 Teaching type modularized multi-axis CNC milling machine
CN108311899A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-07-24 科德数控股份有限公司 A kind of common platform of the horizontal five axis Compositions of metal-working machines of hardware and software platform
CN110355605A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-22 太仓市海谷五金机电设备有限公司 A kind of economical five-axle number control machine tool

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107134211A (en) * 2016-02-26 2017-09-05 天津职业技术师范大学 Teaching type modularized multi-axis CNC milling machine
CN108311899A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-07-24 科德数控股份有限公司 A kind of common platform of the horizontal five axis Compositions of metal-working machines of hardware and software platform
CN108311899B (en) * 2018-03-30 2020-06-12 科德数控股份有限公司 Shared platform of platformized horizontal five-axis composite machining center
CN110355605A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-22 太仓市海谷五金机电设备有限公司 A kind of economical five-axle number control machine tool

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161026

Termination date: 20170226

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee