CN105240220A - Electricity generation ship capable of comprehensively utilizing renewable energy sources - Google Patents

Electricity generation ship capable of comprehensively utilizing renewable energy sources Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105240220A
CN105240220A CN201510676578.3A CN201510676578A CN105240220A CN 105240220 A CN105240220 A CN 105240220A CN 201510676578 A CN201510676578 A CN 201510676578A CN 105240220 A CN105240220 A CN 105240220A
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China
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hydroelectric power
generator
generating
power unit
hull
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CN201510676578.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105240220B (en
Inventor
程鹏
刘卫博
兰海
张敬南
黄曼磊
张强
王钊
孔祥玲
杨新九
喻凯
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哈尔滨工程大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/40Protecting water resources
    • Y02A20/402River restoration
    • Y02E10/725

Abstract

The invention aims at providing an electricity generation ship capable of comprehensively utilizing renewable energy sources. The electricity generation ship comprises a photovoltaic electricity generation cell panel, a wind electricity generation set and a hydro electricity generation set, and independent photovoltaic electricity generation, wind electricity generation and hydro electricity generation can be carried out. The photovoltaic electricity generation cell panel, the wind electricity generation set and the hydro electricity generation set can be connected into a chip power grid at the same time for grid-connected electricity generation. When the hydro electricity generation set participates in electricity generation, a ship body is generally fixed, and a nose faces water flow. When only the photovoltaic electricity generation cell panel and the wind electricity generation set carry out electricity generation, the ship can run. Offshore wind energy, solar energy and tidal current energy are used for electricity generation to guarantee electricity in the initial stage of development of islands, and the ship can run to various islands and offshore platforms badly in need of electric energy to provide electric energy. Therefore, compared with other ships, the electricity generation ship is remarkable in effect of energy saving and emission reduction, and the emission of greenhouse gases is reduced to a large degree.

Description

A kind of generating ship fully utilizing renewable energy sources

Technical field

What the present invention relates to is a kind of boats and ships, and specifically generate electricity boats and ships.

Background technique

The exploitation of marine resources day by day pay attention to by countries in the world.The current island leaved for development of China have more than 6000, and in order to improve the speed of island initial stage exploitation, some consumers such as motor, illumination are essential.If very large to remote island transportation power sources and transmission of electric energy difficulty from land, and uneconomical, unrealistic.In addition, generally to contain around island and enrich the renewable energy sourcess such as wind energy, solar energy, marine tidal-current energy.

Be CN200920273033 for number of patent application, name is called the patent of Moveable offshore novel energy power platform, which discloses a kind of packaged type new energy power platform utilized for wind energy, wave energy and solar energy composite.Platform body, lifting pole, lifting pole drive unit, start oil cylinder, wave-shape board, solar energy photovoltaic panel, amplitude oil cylinder, solar energy photovoltaic panel platform bracket, wind generating unit, hydraulic station, power distribution station, life building and loop wheel machine composition Moveable offshore novel energy power platform.Its main Placement is: lifting pole drive unit, start oil cylinder, solar energy photovoltaic panel platform bracket, hydraulic station, power distribution station, life building and loop wheel machine are all arranged in platform body.In different weather situation, solar energy photovoltaic panel, wind generating unit and start electric energy that oil cylinder produces are outer defeated after entering power distribution station rectification.But this electricity generating device does not have power system, be difficult at sea obtain applying very flexibly; This platform needs floating higher height at sea, and wave-shape board could be utilized to generate electricity, and floating higher height may make platform unstable.The energy of wave very major part is the kinetic energy of wave horizontal motion, and this patent only utilizes the potential energy of Vertical direction the heave of waves; Adding that the efficiency of wave-activated power generation own is not high, the energy that wave-shape board obtains is again by complicated transmission system; This will cause the generating efficiency of this device very low.

Be 201220700675.3 for application number, name is called a kind of patent of honourable wave-energy power generation ship, this honourable wave-energy power generation ship comprises hull, the some floating wing plates of the equal spread configuration in both sides of hull, and floating wing plate becomes active link by chain shape, often the edge joining place of adjacent two floating wing plates arranges oil hydraulic pump, hydraulic pump drive connects generator, and hull arranges wind energy conversion system, and wind energy conversion system drives and connects generator, hull is gone back the some photovoltaic panel of spread configuration, photovoltaic panel all connects storage battery.Although this patent achieves honourable wave-energy power generation from the teeth outwards simply, the floating wing plate that hull both sides are arranged will affect the normal/cruise of boats and ships, and wave energy generating set complex structure, generating efficiency is low.In addition, the stability of boats and ships will be affected when stormy waves is large.

Be CN201210122408 for application number, name is called the patent of water flow motor, this device comprise hull, water wheel axle through the water wheels of ship side, water wheel axle can with the speed change gear in hull and generator shaft transmission link, described water wheels are provided with floating roller in the outside of hull, floating roller is the solid of rotation with water wheel axle coaxial line hollow, the circumferential surface of floating roller has and is connected with it, equally distributed blade.Floating roller produced buoyancy of keeping afloat can support the deadweight of whole water wheels.The anchoring of this device has on the water surface of current in rivers, ocean etc.This device is similar to has installed a generator between two ships, and this can cause hull to turn to difficulty, and this electricity generating device can not be recovered in ship, when ship motion will inevitably be subject to the resistance of water turbine, and is unfavorable for energy saving.

Be CN201220096180 for application number, name is called without dam, weir hydraulic electrogenerating ship, comprises hull, is provided with impeller, in hull, is provided with generator in the bottom of hull, and the axis of impeller is connected with the input shaft of generator by gear; Hull is provided with towing device.This patent adopts and arranges impeller in hull bottom, arranges the structure of motor, make impeller that the kinetic energy of water in river is passed to generator, thus realize the object of hydraulic generator in hull.Actual hull structure is all that deck is wider, and hull bottom is narrower, and this electricity generating device is obviously not suitable for being arranged on hull bottom, even if be arranged on hull bottom also can affect navigation.

Be CN201120286983 for application number, name is called the patent of water-flowing type generating ship, its composition comprises: hull, front propeller shaft is equipped with in hull front end, rear propeller shaft is equipped with in hull rear end, water turbine is all equipped with in the two ends of front propeller shaft and rear propeller shaft, front propeller shaft connects front gear box and front gear room, front gear box connects pto=power take-off, rear propeller shaft connects rear gear box and backgear room, rear gear box connects power input shaft, power input shaft universal-joint, and front gear room connects backgear room by axle.When current flow to stern by fore, before and after hull, water turbine blocks mutually, affects generating efficiency, and the loss that transmission shaft longer in addition causes can be larger.Water turbine is arranged in hull both sides, and that hull will inevitably be caused to turn to is dumb, also can cause larger resistance during hull navigation.When hull berths, the collision of profile and harbour may damage generator set blade.

Be CN200920288496 for application number, name is called the patent of hydraulic lift water wheel generating ship.Horizontal channel along hull fore-and-aft direction is arranged at the bottom in hull, before horizontal channel, rear passway is on housing, deck in hull and have the vertical passage of rectangular cross-section between horizontal channel, finned water wheels are had in vertical passage, the bearing support location at water wheel axle two ends is connected on skeleton, radial fins on water wheel axle extend in horizontal channel, deck there is generator, transmission device is connected with between the axle of generator and water wheel axle, at the uniform oil hydraulic cylinder be connected with vertically downward in location, periphery, the deck of hull, the lower end of cylinder lower piston rod is connected with the baffle plate of level, anchor fluke is had below baffle plate, baffle plate there is oil hydraulic cylinder pillar.But the generated energy of this hydraulic turbine generator only depend on channel cross-sectional area, in-channel water speed and generating efficiency, this electricity generating device can completely limit by hull.And its finned water wheels are that lower half portion is submerged in water, and by current scour, therefore finned water wheels fully can not contact with current, and finned water wheels can not be fully utilized, and are difficult to larger generated energy.Can not design by the flow channel of fore to stern when boats and ships are larger; One is that longer flow channel inherently can make water velocity reduce due to friction etc.; Even if two is that flow channel is very long, multiple stage generator can not be filled, because the kinetic energy of water is almost run out of by the finned water wheels of First completely.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of generating ship fully utilizing renewable energy sources that can fully utilize the generating of solar energy, wind energy and marine tidal-current energy.

The object of the present invention is achieved like this:

A kind of generating ship fully utilizing renewable energy sources of the present invention, is characterized in that: comprise hull, wind power generating set, device of solar generating, hydro-generating Unit, described device of solar generating comprises the photovoltaic battery panel group be arranged in deck in ship structure, described wind power generating set comprises wind turbine, and wind turbine is arranged on hull by lift platform, and rises to more than deck with lift platform or drop to below deck, described hydro-generating Unit comprises the first hydroelectric power unit, second hydroelectric power unit, first hydroelectric power unit comprises the first blade, first generator, first hydraulic telescopic arm, first hydraulic prop, hull side arranges the first recovery capsule, first recovery hatchcover is set outside the first recovery capsule, between first recovery hatchcover and hull, the first hydraulic prop is installed, the tail end of the first hydraulic telescopic arm is arranged in the first recovery capsule, after first recovery hatchcover is opened by the first hydraulic prop, the first segment of the first hydraulic telescopic arm extend out to outside the first recovery capsule, first blade connects the first generator, first generator is arranged on first segment, first segment is installed the second hydraulic prop and rotating shaft, second hydraulic prop is by arm of force connection rotating shaft, rotating shaft connects the first generator, first hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of hull stem, second hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of hull afterbody, second hydroelectric power unit is identical with the first hydroelectric power modular construction, and the first hydraulic telescopic arm of the second hydroelectric power unit is longer than the first hydraulic telescopic arm of the first water generating unit, at the opposite side of hull, the 3rd hydroelectric power unit and the 4th hydroelectric power unit are installed, 3rd hydroelectric power unit is identical with the first hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with, and the 4th hydroelectric power unit is identical with the second hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with.

A kind of generating ship fully utilizing renewable energy sources of the present invention, is characterized in that: comprise hull, wind power generating set, device of solar generating, hydro-generating Unit, described device of solar generating comprises the photovoltaic battery panel group be arranged in deck in ship structure, described wind power generating set comprises wind turbine, and wind turbine is arranged on hull by lift platform, and rises to more than deck with lift platform or drop to below deck, described hydro-generating Unit comprises the 5th hydroelectric power unit, 6th hydroelectric power unit, 5th hydroelectric power unit comprises the second blade, second generator, guide rail, slide block, leading screw, second hydraulic telescopic arm, hull side arranges the second recovery capsule, arrange transversely movable second outside second recovery capsule and reclaim hatch door, the tail end of the second hydraulic telescopic arm is arranged in the second recovery capsule, after second recovery hatch door is opened, the first segment of the second hydraulic telescopic arm extend out to outside the second recovery capsule, first segment is provided with motor, leading screw, guide rail, slide block, back shaft, motor connects leading screw, slide block to be arranged on back shaft and leading screw and to match along slide with leading screw, second generator is arranged on slide block, second blade connects the second generator, 5th hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of hull stem, 6th hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of hull afterbody, 6th hydroelectric power unit is identical with the 5th hydroelectric power modular construction, and the second hydraulic telescopic arm of the 6th hydroelectric power unit is longer than the second hydraulic telescopic arm of the 5th water generating unit, at the opposite side of hull, the 7th hydroelectric power unit and the 8th hydroelectric power unit are installed, 7th hydroelectric power unit is identical with the 5th hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with, and the 8th hydroelectric power unit is identical with the 6th hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with.

A kind of generating ship fully utilizing renewable energy sources of the present invention, is characterized in that: comprise hull, wind power generating set, device of solar generating, hydro-generating Unit, described device of solar generating comprises the photovoltaic battery panel group be arranged in deck in ship structure, described wind power generating set comprises wind turbine, and wind turbine is arranged on hull by lift platform, and rises to more than deck with lift platform or drop to below deck, described hydro-generating Unit comprises the 9th hydroelectric power unit and the tenth hydroelectric power unit, 9th hydroelectric power unit comprises Three-blade, 3rd generator, first support, 3rd hydraulic prop, first turntable, hull side arranges the 3rd recovery capsule, arrange the 3rd outside 3rd recovery capsule and reclaim hatchcover, first turntable is arranged in the 3rd recovery capsule, 3rd hydraulic prop connects the first turntable, first support connects the first turntable, Three-blade connects the 3rd generator, 3rd generator is arranged on the first support, after 3rd recovery hatchcover is opened, first turntable drives the first support to extend out to outside the 3rd recovery capsule under the effect of the 3rd hydraulic prop, tenth hydroelectric power unit comprises quaterfoil, 4th generator, 4th hydraulic prop, 5th hydraulic prop, second turntable, second support, hull side arranges the 4th recovery capsule, arrange the 4th outside 4th recovery capsule and reclaim hatchcover, second turntable to be arranged in the 4th recovery capsule and to be connected with the 4th hydraulic prop be arranged in the 4th recovery capsule, second turntable is fixed with boss, second support connects boss by rotating shaft, quaterfoil connects the 4th generator, 4th generator is installed on the secondary support bracket, 5th hydraulic prop is arranged on the second turntable, second support connects the 5th hydraulic prop, 9th hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of bow, tenth hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of stern, at the opposite side of hull, the 11 hydroelectric power unit and the 12 hydroelectric power unit are installed, 11 hydroelectric power unit is identical with the 9th hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with, and the 12 hydroelectric power unit is identical with the tenth hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with.

Advantage of the present invention is: this generating ship utilizes wind energy on the sea, solar energy and marine tidal-current energy to generate electricity, and ensures the electricity consumption of Islands Exploitation initial stage, and these boats and ships also can drive to each island being badly in need of electric energy and offshore platform, provide electric energy.Therefore, compared with other boats and ships, this generating ship successful in energy-saving and emission-reduction, decreases the discharge of greenhouse gases to a great extent.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 a is mode of execution 1 schematic diagram a, Fig. 1 b be mode of execution 1 schematic diagram b, Fig. 1 c is mode of execution 1 schematic diagram c;

Fig. 2 is mode of execution 1 hydro-generating Unit schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is the layout plan of each electricity generating device of mode of execution 1 at hull;

Fig. 4 is steering equipment's schematic diagram of mode of execution 1 hydro-generating Unit;

Fig. 5 a is mode of execution 2 schematic diagram a, Fig. 5 b be mode of execution 2 schematic diagram b, Fig. 5 c is mode of execution 2 schematic diagram c;

Fig. 6 is mode of execution 2 hydro-generating Unit telescopic boom schematic diagram;

Fig. 7 is mode of execution 2 hydro-generating Unit schematic diagram;

Fig. 8 a is mode of execution 3 schematic diagram a, Fig. 8 b be mode of execution 3 schematic diagram b, Fig. 8 c is mode of execution 3 schematic diagram c;

Fig. 9 is that mode of execution 3 is near forward section hydro-generating Unit schematic diagram;

Figure 10 is that mode of execution 3 is near stern part hydro-generating Unit schematic diagram;

Figure 11 is that mode of execution 3 is by aftermost hydro-generating Unit schematic diagram;

Figure 12 is the power generation system schematic diagram of renewable energy power generation ship.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing citing, the present invention is described in more detail:

Composition graphs 1-12, renewable energy power generation device of the present invention has photovoltaic generation pond plate 7, wind power generating set 10 (comprising wind turbine and generator 2) and hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and generator 2), photovoltaic generation, wind-power electricity generation and hydroelectric power can be carried out separately, these three kinds of electricity generating devices also can be incorporated to network of ship simultaneously, generate electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems.Generally hull to be fixed when hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and generator 2) participates in generating, make fore in face of current.When only having photovoltaic power generation apparatus 7 and wind power generating set 10 generates electricity, boats and ships also can be under steam.

The wind turbine of wind power generating set 10 is generally Three-blade, also can select two bladed wind turbine.Wind turbine due to three blades is bound to when will be recovered in cabin take larger cabin space, and can drop in cabin by a slice blade when therefore adopting the wind power generating set of Three-blade wind wheel to regain, two panels is stayed above deck in addition; The blade that can reduce wind power generating set 10 like this takies the space in cabin.When being designed to the wind turbine of two blades, wind power generating set 10 can be dropped in cabin with lift platform 8.Be fixed on bottom the pylon 9 of wind power generating set 10 on lift platform 8, lift platform 8 can be raised on deck or drop in cabin.When lift platform 8 is raised on deck together with wind power generating set 10, when wind power generating set 10 can generate electricity.When generating ship navigates by water, lift platform 8 can drop in cabin, to reduce resistance during navigation; According to Oversea wind situation, the height of lift platform 8 can be regulated at any time.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3, hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and generator 2) is arranged symmetrically with in the hull left and right sides, the blade 1 of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and generator 2) is positioned at below vessel draft line, hydraulic telescopic arm 11 near fore is slightly shorter than leaning on aftermost hydraulic telescopic arm 12, the blade of two of hull homonymy hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) can be avoided like this perpendicular to overlapping in current plane, make generating efficiency unaffected.Hydro-generating Unit blade design becomes two blades 1, can conveniently be recovered in cabin, and hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) is fixed on the end of the hydraulic telescopic arm 11 near fore.Hydraulic telescopic arm by hydraulic pump drive, oil hydraulic pump and Pipe installing thereof portion belowdecks.Hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) will make its blade forward precalculated position to when regaining, that is to say that the blade of hydro-generating Unit in Fig. 2 is rotation 90 °, at this time blade 1 and hydraulic telescopic arm 3 overlapping in the horizontal direction; That is to position the rotating shaft position of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1), but not need accurate location.The method of location has a lot, the localization method of hydroelectric generator rotating shaft installs an encoder at hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) shaft end, is used for detecting the rotating speed of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) rotating shaft, when motor needs to stop, the three-phase of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) is outputted in adjustable resistance load, regulating resistance load can make hydro-generating Unit (1 and 2) slow down, when spindle speed is lower for hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1), the electromagnetic brake of closed hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) axle head, hydroelectric generator rotating shaft so just can be made to be parked in precalculated position, can ensure that hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) is recovered in recovery capsule smoothly like this.

Mode of execution 1:

As shown in Figure 1, hull both sides are all provided with hydraulic telescopic arm 3 as shown in Figure 2 and hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1), and hydro-generating Unit is arranged on (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) end of hydraulic telescopic arm 3.Reclaim hatchcover 5 to be opened by hydraulic prop 4 or close.Hydraulic telescopic arm 3 is made up of multi-stage telescopic arms, and each joint telescopic boom can stretch out successively in first segment hydraulic arm.Hydraulic telescopic arm 3 one end is fixed in recovery capsule.

As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, suppose the direction of fore in face of current, when starting to generate electricity, hydraulic prop 4 first opens recovery hatchcover, and hydraulic telescopic arm 3 slowly stretches out subsequently, stops after putting in place; Then hydraulic prop 13 slowly stretches out, and drives the arm of force 14 15 beginning slow circumvolves around the shaft of rotating shaft 15; One end of rotating shaft 15 is fixed on the casing of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1), hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) is so just driven to rotate, rotation angle is 90 °, makes the blade 1 of water turbine in face of current.Finally unclamp the electromagnetic brake of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) axle head, hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) starts generating.When hydraulic telescopic arm 3 and hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) will be regained, the blade 1 of water turbine is first made to be parked in precalculated position.Then perform the withdrawal action contrary with opening action, make each parts be recovered in recovery capsule, close finally by hydraulic prop 4 and reclaim hatchcover 5.

According to size on deck, numerous photovoltaic battery panel 7 spreads above deck.Wind power generating set 10 (comprising wind turbine and generator 2) is arranged on the lift platform 8 corresponding with it.To regain wind power generating set 10 (comprising wind turbine and generator 2), first wind power generating set 10 (comprising wind turbine and generator 2) is stopped, then lift platform 8 slowly declines, the position of wind wheel blade is adjusted, to be down in cabin by lift platform 8 together with wind power generating set 10 (comprising wind turbine and generator 2) when dropping to lower position; When wind wheel is Three-blade, can only drop in cabin by a blade, two other blade stays above deck.Wind power generating set 10 (comprising wind turbine and generator 2) is raised to deck process from cabin is contrary with the process of falling back in cabin.

As shown in Figure 1, in scheme one, hull both sides are all provided with hydraulic telescopic arm 3 as shown in Figure 2 and hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1), and hydro-generating Unit is arranged on (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) end of hydraulic telescopic arm 3.Reclaim hatchcover 5 to be opened by hydraulic prop 4 or close.Hydraulic telescopic arm 3 is made up of multi-stage telescopic arms, and each joint telescopic boom can stretch out successively in first segment hydraulic arm.Hydraulic telescopic arm 3 one end is fixed in recovery capsule.

As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, suppose the direction of fore in face of current, when starting to generate electricity, hydraulic prop 4 first opens recovery hatchcover, and hydraulic telescopic arm 3 slowly stretches out subsequently, stops after putting in place; Then hydraulic prop 13 slowly stretches out, and drives the arm of force 14 15 beginning slow circumvolves around the shaft of rotating shaft 15; One end of rotating shaft 15 is fixed on the casing of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1), hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) is so just driven to rotate, rotation angle is 90 °, makes the blade 1 of water turbine in face of current.Finally unclamp the electromagnetic brake of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) axle head, hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) starts generating.When hydraulic telescopic arm 3 and hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 2 of blade 1) will be regained, the blade 1 of water turbine is first made to be parked in precalculated position.Then perform the withdrawal action contrary with opening action, make each parts be recovered in recovery capsule, close finally by hydraulic prop 4 and reclaim hatchcover 5.

Mode of execution 2:

As shown in Fig. 5,6 and 7, in scheme two, only depict schematic diagram, opposite side and this side full symmetric of the hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) of hull side.Hydraulic telescopic arm 17 end of hull both sides is equipped with hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22).Ship in motion hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) and hydraulic telescopic arm 17 is all arranged in recovery capsule 18, reclaim hatch door 16 to close, reclaim hatch door 16 and be close to hull, can horizontally slip, reclaimed the opening and closing of hatch door 16 by the fingertip control in cabin; The opening and closing of reclaiming hatch door is driven by motor, reclaims hatch door and is provided with guide rail up and down, reclaims hatch door and can move left and right in guide-track groove.

Hydraulic telescopic arm 17 is made up of multi-stage telescopic arms, and each joint telescopic boom is all recoverable in first segment telescopic boom, and can stretch out successively from first segment telescopic boom.The end of hydraulic telescopic arm 17 is fixed with one section of guide rail 25, hydro-generating Unit (comprising the water turbine of blade 22 and generator 23) level is fixed on the slide block 24 that guide rail is connected, slide block 24 is contained on leading screw 21 and back shaft 20, back shaft 20 pairs of slide blocks 24 play a supportive role, leading screw 21 is driven through retarder by motor 19, and therefore slide block 24 and hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) can horizontally slip on leading screw 21 and back shaft 20.

For foreign matter in anti-sealing is on the impact of leading screw 21, leading screw 21 can be sealed, only expose moving slider 24, ensure that slide block 24 horizontally slips with hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22); The length of guide rail 25 approximates greatly the length of hydro-generating Unit (22 and 23) individual blade 22.The object of design guide rail is taking of the blade 22 pairs of recovery capsules reducing hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) as much as possible.

Suppose the direction of fore in face of current, first open when starting to generate electricity and reclaim hatch door 16, hydraulic telescopic arm 17 slowly stretches out subsequently, stops after putting in place.Then motor 19 drives leading screw 21 to rotate by retarder, and slide block 24 above and generator 23 move to the distalmost end of guide rail thereupon, as shown in Figure 7.Finally, unclamp the electromagnetic brake of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) axle head, hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) starts generating.When hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) and hydraulic telescopic arm 17 will be regained, first the blade 22 of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) is made to be parked in claimed range by method noted earlier; Then perform the action contrary with opening action, each parts are recovered in recovery capsule 18, and close recovery hatch door 16.

See Fig. 5,6 and 7.Fig. 5 is the three-view diagram of general arrangement.

Wind-driven generator unit and the solar energy photovoltaic panel mounting arrangements on hull is identical with scheme one.Hydraulic telescopic arm 17 end of hull both sides is equipped with hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22).Ship in motion hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) and hydraulic telescopic arm 17 is all arranged in recovery capsule 18, reclaim hatch door 16 to close, reclaim hatch door 16 and be close to hull, can horizontally slip, reclaimed the opening and closing of hatch door 16 by the fingertip control in cabin; Reclaim the opening and closing of hatch door by driven by servomotor, reclaim hatch door and up and down guide rail is installed, reclaim hatch door and can move left and right in guide-track groove.

Hydraulic telescopic arm 17 is made up of multi-stage telescopic arms, and each joint telescopic boom is all recoverable in first segment telescopic boom, and can stretch out successively from first segment telescopic boom.The end of hydraulic telescopic arm 17 is fixed with one section of guide rail 25, hydro-generating Unit (comprising the water turbine of blade 22 and generator 23) level is fixed on the slide block 24 that guide rail is connected, slide block 24 is contained on leading screw 21 and back shaft 20, back shaft 20 pairs of slide blocks 24 play a supportive role, leading screw 21 is driven through retarder by motor 19, and therefore slide block 24 and hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) can horizontally slip on leading screw 21 and back shaft 20.

For foreign matter in anti-sealing is on the impact of leading screw 21, leading screw 21 can be sealed, only expose moving slider 24, ensure that slide block 24 horizontally slips with hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22); The length of guide rail 25 approximates greatly the length of hydro-generating Unit (22 and 23) individual blade 22.The object of design guide rail is taking of the blade 22 pairs of recovery capsules reducing hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) as much as possible.

Suppose the direction of fore in face of current, first open when starting to generate electricity and reclaim hatch door 16, hydraulic telescopic arm 17 slowly stretches out subsequently, stops after putting in place.Then motor 19 drives leading screw 21 to rotate by retarder, and slide block 24 above and generator 23 move to the distalmost end of guide rail 25 thereupon, as shown in Figure 7.Finally, unclamp the electromagnetic brake of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) axle head, hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) starts generating.When hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) and hydraulic telescopic arm 17 will be regained, first the blade 22 of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 23 of blade 22) is made to be parked in claimed range by method noted earlier; Then perform the action contrary with opening action, each parts are recovered in recovery capsule 18, and close recovery hatch door 16.

Mode of execution 3:

As Fig. 8,9, shown in 10 and 11, in scheme three, only depict schematic diagram, opposite side and this side full symmetric of the hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) of hull side.In figure, the support 28 of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) is shorter than the support 39 of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 42 of blade 41), and support 39 is to there being a knuckle under water, this can be avoided two hydroelectric generator blades of homonymy perpendicular to overlapping in current plane.Hydroelectric power machine support can adopt hollow stent 28 also can adopt solid support 39, and each support meets the intensity supporting hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26).

Hydraulic prop 31 provides thrust needed for support 28 and pulling force.Boats and ships hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) and support 28 when navigating by water all are recovered in recovery capsule 32, and hatchcover 29 is closed state.

Hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) first opens hatchcover 29 when generating electricity, and after hatchcover 29 is opened, turntable 30 slowly rotates under the promotion of hydraulic prop 31.Because generator support 28 is fixed on the boss on turntable 30, under the effect of hydraulic prop 31, generator support 28 is slowly pushed out to vertical with hull; At this moment unclamp the electromagnetic brake of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) axle head, hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) starts generating.Action during withdrawal is contrary with the sequence of movement opened.

First the hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) of hull afterbody opens hatchcover 34 when generating electricity, and hydraulic prop 35 is toward retraction subsequently, provides pulling force.Turntable 37 is rotated, and the rotating shaft bottom turntable 37 is connected on hull, and turntable 37 freely can rotate on hull.Boss 33 is fixed on turntable 37, and support 39 is fixed on boss 33 by rotating shaft 38, and support 39 can 38 rotate around the shaft freely.When generator support 39 forwards to vertical with hull under the pulling of hydraulic prop 35, the hydraulic prop 36 be fixed on turntable 37 starts slowly to stretch out, under the effect of hydraulic prop 36, generator support 39 starts to rotate, and unclamps the electromagnetic brake of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 42 of blade 41) axle head after forwarding precalculated position to.Hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 42 of blade 41) starts generating.Action during withdrawal is contrary with action when opening.

Electric closet in cabin externally draws three-phase electricity terminal.Cable one end is connected on terminal, and the other end extends on island, is connected in the electric closet on island; Generating ship just can be powered to island.Ship is furnished with battery pack, is placed on the both sides of deck pontoon.Hydraulic prop bottom is all fixed by hinges, ensures hydraulic prop 4 normal rotation.Generator, cable and band-type brake and other equipment worked under water all will carry out waterproof, and the entering of foreign material in anti-sealing, ensure that each several part works under water normally.

See Fig. 8,9,10 and 11.Fig. 8 is the three-view diagram of general arrangement

Hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) schematic diagram, opposite side and this side full symmetric of hull side is only depicted in figure.In figure, the support 28 of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) is shorter than the support 39 of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 42 of blade 41), and support 39 is to there being a knuckle under water, this can be avoided two hydroelectric generator blades of homonymy perpendicular to overlapping in current plane.Hydroelectric generator pack support can adopt hollow stent 28 also can adopt solid support 39, and each support meets the intensity supporting hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26).

Hydraulic prop 31 provides thrust needed for support 28 and pulling force.Boats and ships hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) and support 28 when navigating by water all are recovered in recovery capsule 32, and hatchcover 29 is closed state.

Hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) first opens hatchcover 29 when generating electricity, and hatchcover 29 is opened rear turntable 30 and slowly rotated under the promotion of hydraulic prop 31.Because generator support 28 is fixed on the boss on turntable 30, under the effect of hydraulic prop 31, generator support 28 is slowly pushed out to vertical with hull; At this moment unclamp the electromagnetic brake of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) axle head, hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 27 of blade 26) starts generating.Action during withdrawal is contrary with the sequence of movement opened.

First the hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 42 of blade 41) of hull afterbody opens hatchcover 34 when generating electricity, and hydraulic prop 35 is toward retraction subsequently, provides pulling force.Turntable 37 is rotated, and the rotating shaft bottom turntable 37 is connected on hull, and turntable 37 freely can rotate on hull.Boss 33 is fixed on turntable 37, and support 39 is fixed on boss 33 by rotating shaft 38, and support 39 can 38 rotate around the shaft freely.When generator support 39 forwards to vertical with hull under the pulling of hydraulic prop 35, the hydraulic prop 36 be fixed on turntable 37 starts slowly to stretch out, under the effect of hydraulic prop 36, generator support 39 starts to rotate, and unclamps the electromagnetic brake of hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 42 of blade 41) axle head after forwarding precalculated position to.Hydro-generating Unit (comprising water turbine and the generator 42 of blade 41) starts generating.Action during withdrawal is contrary with action when opening.

The working principle of this ship: as Figure 12, photovoltaic generating system sends direct current, is converted to the direct current that can be stored in battery pack by DC/DC device; Wind-power generating system sends Ac, is converted to the direct current that can be stored in battery pack by AC/DC device; Hydro-generating Unit sends Ac, is converted to the direct current that can be stored in battery pack by AC/DC device.Marine propuision system adopts electric propulsion, is made up of diesel generator, frequency variator, propulsion electric machine and propeller cavitation.According to the electricity consumption situation of island first stage of construction, battery pack store electric energy by DC/AC device be converted to island can Ac.The daily electricity consumption of boats and ships is provided by diesel generator and DC/AC device, and propulsion electric machine electricity consumption provides by diesel generator with DC/AC device.Photovoltaic generating system, wind-power generating system and hydro-generating Unit also can carry out be incorporated into the power networks (without battery pack), are directly powered to island and boats and ships by DC/AC device, see dotted portion in Figure 12.First renewable energy power generation should be adopted for island electricity consumption and boats and ships electricity consumption, when renewable energy power generation is not enough, recycling diesel generator, therefore, diesel generator plays the effect of auxiliary power generation on this generating ship, and renewable energy power generation is main forms of electricity generation.This ship is by photovoltaic generating system, wind power generating set and hydro-generating Unit, and realize the utilization to solar energy, wind energy and marine tidal-current energy, the electrical power storage sent, in battery pack, also can be done directly by the tenminal block supplying power for outside in crossing cabin.

Claims (3)

1. fully utilize a generating ship for renewable energy sources, it is characterized in that: comprise hull, wind power generating set, device of solar generating, hydro-generating Unit, described device of solar generating comprises the photovoltaic battery panel group be arranged in deck in ship structure, described wind power generating set comprises wind turbine, and wind turbine is arranged on hull by lift platform, and rises to more than deck with lift platform or drop to below deck, described hydro-generating Unit comprises the first hydroelectric power unit, second hydroelectric power unit, first hydroelectric power unit comprises the first blade, first generator, first hydraulic telescopic arm, first hydraulic prop, hull side arranges the first recovery capsule, first recovery hatchcover is set outside the first recovery capsule, between first recovery hatchcover and hull, the first hydraulic prop is installed, the tail end of the first hydraulic telescopic arm is arranged in the first recovery capsule, after first recovery hatchcover is opened by the first hydraulic prop, the first segment of the first hydraulic telescopic arm extend out to outside the first recovery capsule, first blade connects the first generator, first generator is arranged on first segment, first segment is installed the second hydraulic prop and rotating shaft, second hydraulic prop is by arm of force connection rotating shaft, rotating shaft connects the first generator, first hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of hull stem, second hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of hull afterbody, second hydroelectric power unit is identical with the first hydroelectric power modular construction, and the first hydraulic telescopic arm of the second hydroelectric power unit is longer than the first hydraulic telescopic arm of the first water generating unit, at the opposite side of hull, the 3rd hydroelectric power unit and the 4th hydroelectric power unit are installed, 3rd hydroelectric power unit is identical with the first hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with, and the 4th hydroelectric power unit is identical with the second hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with.
2. fully utilize a generating ship for renewable energy sources, it is characterized in that: comprise hull, wind power generating set, device of solar generating, hydro-generating Unit, described device of solar generating comprises the photovoltaic battery panel group be arranged in deck in ship structure, described wind power generating set comprises wind turbine, and wind turbine is arranged on hull by lift platform, and rises to more than deck with lift platform or drop to below deck, described hydro-generating Unit comprises the 5th hydroelectric power unit, 6th hydroelectric power unit, 5th hydroelectric power unit comprises the second blade, second generator, guide rail, slide block, leading screw, second hydraulic telescopic arm, hull side arranges the second recovery capsule, arrange transversely movable second outside second recovery capsule and reclaim hatch door, the tail end of the second hydraulic telescopic arm is arranged in the second recovery capsule, after second recovery hatch door is opened, the first segment of the second hydraulic telescopic arm extend out to outside the second recovery capsule, first segment is provided with motor, leading screw, guide rail, slide block, back shaft, motor connects leading screw, slide block to be arranged on back shaft and leading screw and to match along slide with leading screw, second generator is arranged on slide block, second blade connects the second generator, 5th hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of hull stem, 6th hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of hull afterbody, 6th hydroelectric power unit is identical with the 5th hydroelectric power modular construction, and the second hydraulic telescopic arm of the 6th hydroelectric power unit is longer than the second hydraulic telescopic arm of the 5th water generating unit, at the opposite side of hull, the 7th hydroelectric power unit and the 8th hydroelectric power unit are installed, 7th hydroelectric power unit is identical with the 5th hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with, and the 8th hydroelectric power unit is identical with the 6th hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with.
3. fully utilize a generating ship for renewable energy sources, it is characterized in that: comprise hull, wind power generating set, device of solar generating, hydro-generating Unit, described device of solar generating comprises the photovoltaic battery panel group be arranged in deck in ship structure, described wind power generating set comprises wind turbine, and wind turbine is arranged on hull by lift platform, and rises to more than deck with lift platform or drop to below deck, described hydro-generating Unit comprises the 9th hydroelectric power unit and the tenth hydroelectric power unit, 9th hydroelectric power unit comprises Three-blade, 3rd generator, first support, 3rd hydraulic prop, first turntable, hull side arranges the 3rd recovery capsule, arrange the 3rd outside 3rd recovery capsule and reclaim hatchcover, first turntable is arranged in the 3rd recovery capsule, 3rd hydraulic prop connects the first turntable, first support connects the first turntable, Three-blade connects the 3rd generator, 3rd generator is arranged on the first support, after 3rd recovery hatchcover is opened, first turntable drives the first support to extend out to outside the 3rd recovery capsule under the effect of the 3rd hydraulic prop, tenth hydroelectric power unit comprises quaterfoil, 4th generator, 4th hydraulic prop, 5th hydraulic prop, second turntable, second support, hull side arranges the 4th recovery capsule, arrange the 4th outside 4th recovery capsule and reclaim hatchcover, second turntable to be arranged in the 4th recovery capsule and to be connected with the 4th hydraulic prop be arranged in the 4th recovery capsule, second turntable is fixed with boss, second support connects boss by rotating shaft, quaterfoil connects the 4th generator, 4th generator is installed on the secondary support bracket, 5th hydraulic prop is arranged on the second turntable, second support connects the 5th hydraulic prop, 9th hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of bow, tenth hydroelectric power unit is arranged on the side of stern, at the opposite side of hull, the 11 hydroelectric power unit and the 12 hydroelectric power unit are installed, 11 hydroelectric power unit is identical with the 9th hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with, and the 12 hydroelectric power unit is identical with the tenth hydroelectric power modular construction, be arranged symmetrically with.
CN201510676578.3A 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 A kind of generating ship for comprehensively utilizing regenerative resource CN105240220B (en)

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CN106230348A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 安徽凯达能源科技有限公司 Difunctional TRT
CN106224169A (en) * 2016-09-08 2016-12-14 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Utilize the intelligent floating wind electric station that retired naval vessels are reequiped
CN106253804A (en) * 2016-09-08 2016-12-21 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Utilize the intelligent floating photovoltaic plant that waste and old merchant ship is reequiped
CN106762373A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-05-31 集美大学 It is a kind of while using wave energy and the float type marine energy TRT of marine tidal-current energy
CN106788139A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-05-31 珠海市光普太阳能科技有限公司 A kind of marine intelligent control wind energy and solar energy hair electric supply installation
CN109139375A (en) * 2018-07-19 2019-01-04 成都赋阳技术开发有限公司 A kind of wind energy and water energy integrated power generation device
CN109763929A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-05-17 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of hydroelectric installation for underwater unmanned vehicle
CN109861453A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-06-07 上海海事大学 A kind of unemployed ship Hydrodynamic force generating set and its method
CN109973291A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-07-05 上海海洋大学 A kind of marine tidal-current energy-wave energy joint power supply unit
WO2019174244A1 (en) * 2018-03-13 2019-09-19 华南理工大学 Remotely-controlled unmanned ship based on wind-driven straight-bladed propeller
TWI673205B (en) * 2018-05-04 2019-10-01 沙鳴雄 Hybrid energy collection, energy storage and energy transfer vehicle and its operation method
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CN110435827A (en) * 2018-05-04 2019-11-12 沙鸣雄 Moving carrier waterborne and its operational method
CN111017177A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-04-17 永康微唯智能科技有限公司 Marine energy conversion-based ship propulsion auxiliary device
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CN105626374B (en) * 2016-03-15 2018-03-27 绍兴文理学院 A kind of typhoon wind power generation ship
CN105626374A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-01 绍兴文理学院 Typhoon wind power generation ship
CN106230348A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 安徽凯达能源科技有限公司 Difunctional TRT
CN106224169A (en) * 2016-09-08 2016-12-14 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Utilize the intelligent floating wind electric station that retired naval vessels are reequiped
CN106253804A (en) * 2016-09-08 2016-12-21 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Utilize the intelligent floating photovoltaic plant that waste and old merchant ship is reequiped
CN106788139A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-05-31 珠海市光普太阳能科技有限公司 A kind of marine intelligent control wind energy and solar energy hair electric supply installation
CN106762373A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-05-31 集美大学 It is a kind of while using wave energy and the float type marine energy TRT of marine tidal-current energy
WO2019174244A1 (en) * 2018-03-13 2019-09-19 华南理工大学 Remotely-controlled unmanned ship based on wind-driven straight-bladed propeller
CN110435827A (en) * 2018-05-04 2019-11-12 沙鸣雄 Moving carrier waterborne and its operational method
TWI673205B (en) * 2018-05-04 2019-10-01 沙鳴雄 Hybrid energy collection, energy storage and energy transfer vehicle and its operation method
TWI674359B (en) * 2018-07-09 2019-10-11 歐亞光能源科技股份有限公司 Hydroelectric generating device
CN109139375A (en) * 2018-07-19 2019-01-04 成都赋阳技术开发有限公司 A kind of wind energy and water energy integrated power generation device
CN109763929A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-05-17 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of hydroelectric installation for underwater unmanned vehicle
NO20190222A1 (en) * 2019-02-19 2020-08-20 Ottesen Aanund Lifting device for wave machine
CN109861453A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-06-07 上海海事大学 A kind of unemployed ship Hydrodynamic force generating set and its method
CN109973291A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-07-05 上海海洋大学 A kind of marine tidal-current energy-wave energy joint power supply unit
CN111017177A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-04-17 永康微唯智能科技有限公司 Marine energy conversion-based ship propulsion auxiliary device
CN111017177B (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-10-30 永康微唯智能科技有限公司 Marine energy conversion-based ship propulsion auxiliary device

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