CN105231109A - Preparation method of baked black tea and nerve-calming buckwheat kernels - Google Patents

Preparation method of baked black tea and nerve-calming buckwheat kernels Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105231109A
CN105231109A CN201410327663.4A CN201410327663A CN105231109A CN 105231109 A CN105231109 A CN 105231109A CN 201410327663 A CN201410327663 A CN 201410327663A CN 105231109 A CN105231109 A CN 105231109A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
buckwheat
shelled buckwheat
black tea
shelled
nerves
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CN201410327663.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王永强
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天津港保税区爱信食品有限公司
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Priority to CN201410327663.4A priority Critical patent/CN105231109A/en
Publication of CN105231109A publication Critical patent/CN105231109A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of baked black tea and nerve-calming buckwheat kernels. In the preparation method, processes of removing seed coats and wetting buckwheat, enabling the buckwheat kernels to be subjected to high pressure and baking the buckwheat kernels at high temperature and high pressure are adopted, so that the nutrient loss of the buckwheat kernels during process can be minimized; and furthermore, traditional Chinese medicines including platycladi seeds, poria cocos, codonopsis pilosula, angelica sinensis and grassleaf sweelflag rhizome are added. The baked buckwheat kernels prepared in the invention can be directly eaten by adding water, so that great convenience is provided. A very good approach of eating buckwheat is provided, and the abundant nutrients of the buckwheat can be better absorbed and utilized by a human body. With the trend of calling for natural, healthful and health-maintenance foods, the nerve-calming baked buckwheat kernels will be accepted by and popular with people, and have wide market prospect. With the trend of calling for natural, healthful and health-maintenance foods, the abundant nutrients of the buckwheat and the health-maintenance idea of the traditional Chinese medicines are learned by people, and buckwheat and related processing products thereof are accepted by and popular with people, and have very great social benefits and economic benefits.

Description

A kind of roasting black tea is calmed the nerves the preparation method of shelled buckwheat
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production method of health food, more particularly, relate to a kind of to calm the nerves roasting shelled buckwheat method for raw material preparation with buckwheat, Chinese medicine.
Background technology
Buckwheat is a kind of wide adaptability, the crop that breeding time is short; One of three large excellent nectar source crops; Also be good food medicinal plant.
The seed nutritive value of buckwheat is very high.Buckwheat contains the protein of about 11%, higher than rice; Containing the fat more than 2%, higher than wheat and rice; Containing the carbohydrate of about 70%, higher than wheat; Also containing iron, phosphorus, the mineral elements such as calcium, and citric acid, malic acid.Every 100 grams of buckwheats also containing the vitamin B1 of about 0.41 milligram and the vitamin B2 of about 0.16 milligram, all exceed rice.
Containing a large amount of flavone compounds in buckwheat, be especially rich in rutin, content is 0.5%-1.2%.Rutin has many-sided physiological function, can maintain the resistance of capillary, reduces its permeability and fragility, promotes hyperplasia and prevents the aggegation of haemocyte; Also has the effect of the aspects such as anti-inflammatory, antiallergy, diuresis, solution stem, antibechic, reducing blood lipid, cardiac stimulant.Quercetin makes buckwheat have to eliminate the phlegm preferably, antitussive action and certain antiasthmatic effect.Still reduce blood pressure, blood fat, coronary artery dilator, strengthens the effects such as crown arteries and veins CBF.
Shelled buckwheat contains abundant vitamin and chlorophyll.Vitamin B1 can promote that growth in humans grows, prevention bicker, words, margo palpebrae inflammation.Citrin has the effect reducing human body blood fat and cholesterol, is the important ancillary drug for the treatment of hypertension, cardiovascular disease.Vitamin E is to anti-oxidation and treat infertility effectively, and has promotion cytothesis and prevent the old and feeble fresh juice of effect buckwheat from can treat eye keratitis.
The macroelement of protective effect and trace element is had as magnesium, calcium, selenium, zinc, manganese, copper containing more rich to coronary heart disease in shelled buckwheat.Containing trace elements of selenium in ripe shelled buckwheat, selenium can form " metal-selenium-protein " compound of a kind of instability with corrupt split in human body, contributes to the noxious material (as lead, mercury, cadmium etc.) mediated in human body.Selenium also has the function of the anti-oxidant and immunity moderation of similar vitamin C and vitamin E, not only has obvious effect to preventing and treating Keshan disease, Kaschin-Beck disease, sterility and early ageing, also has antitumaous effect.
The seed of Oriental arborvitae: nature and flavor are sweet flat.There is the effect of calming the nerves.
Poria cocos: taste is sweet, light.Property is put down.Return spleen, lung, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin, have clearing damp and promoting diuresis, invigorating the spleen bowl spares, effect of antitoxic heart-soothing and sedative.
Radix Codonopsis: taste is sweet, property is flat.Return spleen, lung channel.Useful gas, promotes the production of body fluid, the effect nourished blood.
Radix Angelicae Sinensis: taste is sweet, pungent, warm in nature.Return liver, the heart, the spleen channel, effect of having tonifying blood and regulating menstruation, promoting blood circulation and stopping pain, relaxing bowel.
Grass-leaved sweetflag: taste is pungent, warm in nature.The thoughts of returning home, stomach warp.There is dampness elimination, stomach invigorating, the effect of having one's ideas straightened out.
At present, the nutritive value understanding of people to buckwheat and Chinese medicine is very abundant, but uses the manufacturing process of people to the boiling that grain generally adopts in daily life to make buckwheat become ripe, and the finished product people obtained cannot eat, mouthfeel is very poor, and nutritional labeling has more loss simultaneously.The existence of these factors constrains buckwheat and enters into the life of people, enters the family of people, and the abundant nutrition of buckwheat is worth can not be played and utilize, and is a kind of waste of resource.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of can instant edible, excellent taste have the preparation method that mind-easing function bakes shelled buckwheat concurrently.
Roasting black tea is calmed the nerves the preparation method of shelled buckwheat, is achieved by following technical proposals,
(1) raw material buckwheat is screened, do removal of impurities process, be preferably new raw material then;
(2) shell respectively after buckwheat being crossed sieve classification, obtain shelled buckwheat;
(3) carry out even spraying to shelled buckwheat and black solution, black solution addition is 5-10%, is preferably treated purifying waste water, and place 14-20 hour in a reservoir, moisture is to kernel;
(4) shelled buckwheat infiltrated is positioned in pressure vessel, injects steam and make pressure reach 1.5-3 atmospheric pressure, keep 5-20 minute;
(5) the above-mentioned shelled buckwheat that cooks is put into container, baking 5-150 minute under 100-250 degree, naturally cool after taking out;
(6) seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer;
(7) thin medicinal powder and cool cold after shelled buckwheat uniform stirring after carry out finished product and pack.
Container in described step (3) is that iron or cement material are made.Described step (3) standing time in summer is 14-16 hour.Described step (3) standing time in winter is 18-20 hour.Described step (2) is sieved to be classified as and is crossed screening six grades respectively successively.
The calm the nerves preparation method of shelled buckwheat of a kind of roasting black tea of the present invention adopts raw material to shell the processing technology of wheat wetting, HTHP, baking, the nutrition leak of buckwheat in process can be made to drop to comparatively low degree, the time of high-temperature process is shorter, nutrition leak is fewer, and the loss of main nutrient composition rutin only has about 10%; This method adopts even water spray craft to infiltrate raw material, compared with soaking, also effectively prevents the loss of main nutrient composition rutin with prior art in water; This method adopts the process conditions of HTHP, can effectively kill bacteria and virus, product is eaten safer.
A kind of novel healthy food of roasting shelled buckwheat provided by the present invention under the agitation advocating nature, health, health.Prepared by the inventive method calm the nerves, and roasting shelled buckwheat can directly be washed by water edible, very convenient, for buckwheat can be provided a good approach by people are edible, makes its abundant nutrition be that human body better absorbs, utilizes.The taste of shelled buckwheat of calming the nerves provided by the invention, wheat is aromatic thick, and micro-band is sweet, excellent taste, and has reducing blood lipid, cholesterol, prevents hypertension, cardiopathic effect.
Motherland's medical science Compendium of Material Medica is recorded: buckwheat nature and flavor are bitter, flat, cold, useful strength, and continuous spirit, sharp knowledge, has the effect of the wide intestines stomach invigorating of sending down abnormally ascending.Current clinical medicine is observed and is shown, shelled buckwheat and goods thereof have hypoglycemic, high fat of blood, strengthens the effect of body immunity, has auxiliary therapeutic action to patients such as diabetes, hypertension, high fat of blood, coronary heart disease, apoplexy.These effects are all relevant with the nutritional labeling contained in buckwheat.The seed of Oriental arborvitae: nature and flavor are sweet flat.There is the effect of calming the nerves.Poria cocos: taste is sweet, light.Property is put down.Return spleen, lung, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin, have clearing damp and promoting diuresis, invigorating the spleen bowl spares, effect of antitoxic heart-soothing and sedative.Radix Codonopsis: taste is sweet, property is flat.Return spleen, lung channel.Useful gas, promotes the production of body fluid, the effect nourished blood.Radix Angelicae Sinensis: taste is sweet, pungent, warm in nature.Return liver, the heart, the spleen channel, effect of having tonifying blood and regulating menstruation, promoting blood circulation and stopping pain, relaxing bowel.Grass-leaved sweetflag: taste is pungent, warm in nature.The thoughts of returning home, stomach warp.There is dampness elimination, stomach invigorating, the effect of having one's ideas straightened out.
Confirm according to scientific worker, containing Flavonoid substances in buckwheat, its main component is rutin.Rutin content accounts for the 70%-90% of general flavone, and rutin has another name called rutin, citrin, has reduction capillary fragility, improves microcirculatory effect, is mainly used in diabetes, hypertensive supplemental treatment clinically.
In recent years people find again buck wheat protein compound (Tartarybuckwheatproteincomplex from buckwheat, TBPC), and have studied its nutritional labeling and anti-aging effects, result is as follows: in buck wheat protein compound, protein content is 63.4%
Fat 12.7%, carbohydrate 10.2%, ash content 3.5%, crude fibre 0.4%, moisture 9.8%.Simultaneously also containing several amino acids, its essential amino acid and nonessential amino acid account for all amino acid whose about 45.8%, and wait material containing certain aliphatic acid and trace element.
Under the agitation advocating nature, health, health, the health of buckwheat abundant nutrition, Chinese medicine is worth to be understood by people, and the extremely relevant converted products of buckwheat is accepted, and is loved, there are wide market prospects, there is abundant Social benefit and economic benefit simultaneously.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, invention is described further.
Embodiment 1:
Select the new buckwheat produced then, screen, de-stone impurity elimination, degaussing, do removal of impurities process, grain type is evenly good; Take 100kg raw material, raw material sieves, and crosses the round-hole mesh of 4.8Q, 4.6Q, 4.4Q, 4.2Q, 4.OQ, 3.8Q respectively, at different levelsly after first classification shells respectively, obtains shelled buckwheat; Shelled buckwheat is carried out evenly black solution, add 5kg purifying waste water through processing process, use the method for black solution of spraying, and shelled buckwheat is stirred and vibrates, wheat wetting in iron ware, place 14 hours summer, moisture, to kernel, makes moisture reach 18-20%; The shelled buckwheat infiltrated is positioned in pressure vessel, injects steam, under making pressure reach 1.1 atmospheric pressure, keep 20 minutes; Take out after being decompressed to normal pressure, shelled buckwheat will be cooked and put into cooking pot, and heat, at 100 degree of temperature, baking 180 minutes; Get seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer; By the mass ratio of 1:20, naturally cool cold thin medicinal powder and naturally cool cold shelled buckwheat finished product uniform stirring are packed with paper bag.
Embodiment 2:
Screened by raw material buckwheat, de-stone impurity elimination, degaussing, do removal of impurities process, grain type is evenly good; Take 200kg raw material, raw material sieves, and crosses the round-hole mesh of 4.8Q, 4.6Q, 4.4Q, 4.2Q, 4.OQ, 3.8Q respectively, at different levelsly after first classification shells respectively, obtains shelled buckwheat; Black solution is carried out evenly to shelled buckwheat, adds 24 ㎏ purifying waste water through processing process, use the method for black solution of spraying, and carry out stirring and vibrating, wheat wetting in iron ware, place 16 hours summer, moisture, to kernel, makes raw material moisture reach 18-20%; Be positioned over by shelled buckwheat in pressure vessel, inject steam, under making pressure reach 2 atmospheric pressure, keeps 10 minutes, often rising 0.5 atmospheric pressure is once exitted, and namely opens lower vessel portion vent valve about 7 second; Take out after being decompressed to normal pressure, put into cooking pot, heat, at 100 degree of temperature, baking 180 minutes; Get seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer; By the mass ratio of 1:20, naturally cool cold thin medicinal powder and naturally cool cold shelled buckwheat finished product uniform stirring are packed with paper bag.
Embodiment 3:
Select the new buckwheat produced then, screen, de-stone impurity elimination, degaussing, do removal of impurities process, grain type is evenly good; Take 100kg raw material, raw material sieves, and crosses the round-hole mesh of 4.8Q, 4.6Q, 4.4Q, 4.2Q, 4.OQ, 3.8Q respectively, at different levelsly after first classification shells respectively, obtains shelled buckwheat; Black solution is carried out evenly to shelled buckwheat, adds 10kg purifying waste water through processing process, use the method for black solution of spraying, and raw material is stirred and vibrates, wheat wetting in cement container, place 18 hours winter, moisture, to kernel, makes raw material moisture reach about 18-20%; Be positioned over by shelled buckwheat in pressure vessel, inject steam, under making pressure reach 3 atmospheric pressure, keeps 5 minutes, often rising 0.5 atmospheric pressure is once exitted, and namely opens container part vent valve about 4 second; Take out after being decompressed to normal pressure, put into cooking pot, heat, at 150 degree of temperature, baking 120 minutes; Get seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer; By the mass ratio of 1:20, naturally cool cold thin medicinal powder and naturally cool cold shelled buckwheat finished product uniform stirring are packed with paper bag.

Claims (6)

1. roasting black tea is calmed the nerves a preparation method for shelled buckwheat, it is characterized in that, comprises the steps: successively
(1) raw material buckwheat is screened, do removal of impurities process, be preferably new raw material then;
(2) shell respectively after buckwheat being crossed sieve classification, obtain shelled buckwheat;
(3) carry out even spraying to shelled buckwheat and black solution, black solution addition is 5-10%, is preferably treated purifying waste water, and place 14-20 hour in a reservoir, moisture is to kernel;
(4) shelled buckwheat infiltrated is positioned in pressure vessel, injects steam and make pressure reach 1.5-3 atmospheric pressure, keep 5-20 minute;
(5) the above-mentioned shelled buckwheat that cooks is put into container, baking 5-150 minute under 100-250 degree, naturally cool after taking out;
(6) seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer;
(7) thin medicinal powder and cool cold after shelled buckwheat uniform stirring after carry out finished product and pack.
2. roasting black tea according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of shelled buckwheat, and it is characterized in that, the container in described step (3) is iron or cement material.
3. roasting black tea according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of shelled buckwheat, and it is characterized in that, described step (3) standing time in summer is 14-16 hour.
4. roasting black tea according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of shelled buckwheat, and it is characterized in that, described step (3) standing time in winter is 18-20 hour.
5. roasting black tea according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of shelled buckwheat, it is characterized in that, described step (2) is sieved to be classified as and crossed screening six grades respectively successively.
6. roasting black tea according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of shelled buckwheat, it is characterized in that, the mass ratio that the thin medicinal powder of described step (7) and shelled buckwheat press 1:20 mixes.
CN201410327663.4A 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 Preparation method of baked black tea and nerve-calming buckwheat kernels CN105231109A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN1478405A (en) * 2003-07-07 2004-03-03 王永强 Preparation method of buckwheat tea
CN1478406A (en) * 2003-07-07 2004-03-03 王永强 Preparation method of rye buckwheat tea
CN1663410A (en) * 2005-03-22 2005-09-07 上海应用技术学院 Method for preparing nutritious buck wheat milk tea beverage
CN102861222A (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-01-09 李承平 Spina date seed heart-nourishing tablet
CN103535596A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-01-29 潘晓晨 Health-care powder rich in dietary fiber, and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1478405A (en) * 2003-07-07 2004-03-03 王永强 Preparation method of buckwheat tea
CN1478406A (en) * 2003-07-07 2004-03-03 王永强 Preparation method of rye buckwheat tea
CN1476777A (en) * 2003-07-11 2004-02-25 王永强 Preparation method of roasted buckwheat kernel
CN1663410A (en) * 2005-03-22 2005-09-07 上海应用技术学院 Method for preparing nutritious buck wheat milk tea beverage
CN102861222A (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-01-09 李承平 Spina date seed heart-nourishing tablet
CN103535596A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-01-29 潘晓晨 Health-care powder rich in dietary fiber, and preparation method thereof

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