CN105231110A - Preparation method of steamed nerve-calming tartary buckwheat - Google Patents

Preparation method of steamed nerve-calming tartary buckwheat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105231110A
CN105231110A CN201410327943.5A CN201410327943A CN105231110A CN 105231110 A CN105231110 A CN 105231110A CN 201410327943 A CN201410327943 A CN 201410327943A CN 105231110 A CN105231110 A CN 105231110A
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buckwheat
preparation
duck wheat
raw material
nerves
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CN201410327943.5A
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王永强
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TPFTZ AIXIN FOODSTUFFS Co Ltd
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TPFTZ AIXIN FOODSTUFFS Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of steamed nerve-calming tartary buckwheat. In the method, preparation processes of wetting tartary buckwheat with coats with water, enabling the wet tartary buckwheat to be subjected to high pressure, drying, and removing the coats are adopted, so that the nutrient loss of the tartary buckwheat during processing can be minimized, and the loss of crutin as a main nutritious ingredient is only about 10 percent; and furthermore, traditional Chinese medicines including platycladi seeds, poria cocos, codonopsis pilosula, grassleaf sweelflag rhizome and baked liquorice are added. In the invention, a uniform water spraying process is adopted to wet the raw material, and the loss of rutin as the main nutritious ingredient can be effectively prevented. The process condition of high temperature and high pressure is adopted, so that bacteria and viruses can be effectively killed. The steamed nerve-calming tartary buckwheat prepared in the invention can be used as raw materials for further deep processing of buckwheat, for example, the steamed nerve-calming tartary buckwheat can be used for making buckwheat tea, buckwheat beverage, buckwheat granules, and the like.

Description

A kind of steaming is calmed the nerves the preparation method of duck wheat
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production method of health food, more particularly, relate to a kind of prepare steam-cured heart and tranquilizing mind duck wheat method with buckwheat, Chinese medicine for raw material.
Background technology
Bitter buckwheat is a kind of wide adaptability, the crop that breeding time is short; One of three large excellent nectar source crops; Also be good food medicinal plant.
The seed nutritive value of bitter buckwheat is very high.Buckwheat powder contains the protein of about 11%, higher than rice; Containing the fat more than 2%, higher than wheat and rice; Containing the carbohydrate of about 70%, higher than wheat; Also containing iron, phosphorus, the mineral elements such as calcium, and citric acid, malic acid.Every 100 grams of buckwheat powders also containing the vitamin B1 of about 0.41 milligram and the vitamin B2 of about 0.16 milligram, all exceed rice.
Containing a large amount of flavone compounds in bitter buckwheat, be especially rich in rutin, content is 0.5%-1.2%.Rutin has many-sided physiological function, can maintain the resistance of capillary, reduces its permeability and fragility, promotes hyperplasia and prevents the aggegation of haemocyte; Also has the effect of the aspects such as anti-inflammatory, antiallergy, diuresis, solution stem, antibechic, reducing blood lipid, cardiac stimulant.Quercetin makes bitter buckwheat have to eliminate the phlegm preferably, antitussive action and certain antiasthmatic effect.Still reduce blood pressure, blood fat, coronary artery dilator, strengthens the effects such as crown arteries and veins CBF.
In the traditional Chinese medical science doubly valued today, the health theory of people to Chinese medicine is approved further, the drug effect of Chinese medicine also know by people.
The seed of Oriental arborvitae: nature and flavor are sweet flat.There is effect of mental-tranquilization.
Poria cocos: taste is sweet, light.Property is put down.Return spleen, lung, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin, have clearing damp and promoting diuresis, invigorating the spleen bowl spares, effect of antitoxic heart-soothing and sedative.
Radix Codonopsis: taste is sweet, property is flat.Return spleen, lung channel.Useful gas, promotes the production of body fluid, the effect nourished blood.
Grass-leaved sweetflag: taste is pungent, warm in nature.The thoughts of returning home, stomach warp.There is dampness elimination, stomach invigorating, the effect of having one's ideas straightened out.
Liquorice: taste is sweet, property is put down.The thoughts of returning home, lung, spleen, stomach warp.Useful gas bowl spares, clearing heat and detoxicating, expelling phlegm and arresting coughing, relieving spasm to stop pain, relaxes effect of the property of medicine.
Bitter buckwheat has good palatability.Bitter buckwheat food has higher medical value.At present, to processing and utilization mainly vermicelli, instant noodles, biscuit, cake, the fast food powder etc. of bitter buckwheat.Advocating under nature, healthy agitation, need this functional food with health role in people's life, market also needs the semi-finished stock for carrying out further fine finishining, deep processing.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of for bitter buckwheat carry out that the technique that deep processing supplies raw materials is simple, technology rationally and there is the preparation method of the steaming duck wheat of mental-tranquilization effect.
The present invention steams the preparation method of duck wheat of calming the nerves, and is achieved by following technical proposals,
(1) raw material buckwheat is screened, do removal of impurities process;
(2) carry out even spraying to the cleaning of above-mentioned raw materials band shell and water, water addition is 5-10%, places 14-20 hour in a reservoir;
(3) raw material infiltrated is positioned in pressure vessel, injects steam pressure and reach 1.1-7 atmospheric pressure;
(4) the above-mentioned raw material that cooks is carried out drying;
(5) seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, liquorice 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer;
(6) thin medicinal powder and cool cold after duck wheat uniform stirring after carry out finished product and pack.
Container in described step (2) is that iron or cement material are made.Described step (2) standing time in summer is 14-16 hour.Described step (2) standing time in winter is 18-20 hour.Described step (4) is dry for naturally drying or hot-air seasoning.The mass ratio mixing of 1:18 pressed by the thin medicinal powder of described step (6) and duck wheat.
The calm the nerves preparation method of duck wheat of a kind of steaming of the present invention adopts the processing technology of band shell wheat wetting, HTHP, oven dry, shelling, the nutrition leak of bitter buckwheat in process can be made to drop to comparatively low degree, the time of high-temperature process is shorter, nutrition leak is fewer, and the loss of main nutrient composition rutin only has about 10%; This method adopts even water spray craft to infiltrate raw material, compared with soaking, also effectively prevents the loss of main nutrient composition rutin with prior art in water; This method adopts the process conditions of HTHP, can effectively kill bacteria and virus, product is eaten safer.Steam-cured heart and tranquilizing mind duck wheat prepared by the inventive method is that bitter buckwheat carries out further deep processing and provides raw material, such as, can be used to manufacture bitter buckwheat tea, ragopyrum tataricum beverage, buckwheat seeds flower etc.
Motherland's medical science Compendium of Material Medica is recorded: bitter buckwheat nature and flavor are bitter, flat, cold, useful strength, and continuous spirit, sharp knowledge, has the effect of the wide intestines stomach invigorating of sending down abnormally ascending.Current clinical medicine is observed and is shown, duck wheat and goods thereof have hypoglycemic, high fat of blood, strengthens the effect of body immunity, has auxiliary therapeutic action to patients such as diabetes, hypertension, high fat of blood, coronary heart disease, apoplexy.These effects are all relevant with the nutritional labeling contained in bitter buckwheat.The seed of Oriental arborvitae: nature and flavor are sweet flat.There is effect of mental-tranquilization.Poria cocos: taste is sweet, light.Property is put down.Return spleen, lung, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin, have clearing damp and promoting diuresis, invigorating the spleen bowl spares, effect of antitoxic heart-soothing and sedative.Radix Codonopsis: taste is sweet, property is flat.Return spleen, lung channel.Useful gas, promotes the production of body fluid, the effect nourished blood.Grass-leaved sweetflag: taste is pungent, warm in nature.The thoughts of returning home, stomach warp.There is dampness elimination, stomach invigorating, the effect of having one's ideas straightened out.Liquorice: taste is sweet, property is put down.The thoughts of returning home, lung, spleen, stomach warp.Useful gas bowl spares, clearing heat and detoxicating, expelling phlegm and arresting coughing, relieving spasm to stop pain, relaxes effect of the property of medicine.
Confirm according to scientific worker, containing Flavonoid substances in bitter buckwheat, its main component is rutin.Rutin content accounts for the 70%-90% of general flavone, and rutin has another name called rutin, citrin, has reduction capillary fragility, improves microcirculatory effect, is mainly used in diabetes, hypertensive supplemental treatment clinically.
Bitter buckwheat contains abundant vitamin and chlorophyll.Vitamin B1 can promote that growth in humans grows, prevention bicker, words, margo palpebrae inflammation.Citrin has the effect reducing human body blood fat and cholesterol, is the important ancillary drug for the treatment of hypertension, cardiovascular disease.Vitamin E is to anti-oxidation and treat infertility effectively, and has promotion cytothesis and prevent the fresh juice of the bitter buckwheat of old and feeble effect from can treat eye keratitis.The macroelement of protective effect and trace element is had as magnesium, calcium, selenium, zinc, manganese, copper containing more rich to coronary heart disease in bitter buckwheat.Containing trace elements of selenium in bitter buckwheat, selenium can form " metal-selenium-protein " compound of a kind of instability with corrupt split in human body, contributes to the noxious material (as lead, mercury, good fortune etc.) mediated in human body.Selenium also has the function of the anti-oxidant and immunity moderation of similar vitamin C and vitamin E, not only has obvious effect to preventing and treating Keshan disease, Kaschin-Beck disease, sterility and early ageing, also has antitumaous effect.
In recent years people find again bitter buckwheat albumen composition (Tartarybuckwheatproteincomplex from bitter buckwheat, TBPC), and have studied its nutritional labeling and anti-aging effects, result is as follows: in bitter buckwheat albumen composition, protein content is 63.4%, fat 12.7%, carbohydrate 10.2%, ash content 3.5%, crude fibre 0.4%, moisture 9.8%.Simultaneously also containing several amino acids, its essential amino acid and nonessential amino acid account for all amino acid whose about 45.8%, and wait material containing certain aliphatic acid and trace element.
Under the agitation advocating nature, health, health, the health of bitter buckwheat abundant nutrition, Chinese medicine is worth to be understood by people, and the extremely relevant converted products of bitter buckwheat is accepted, and is loved, there are wide market prospects, there is abundant Social benefit and economic benefit simultaneously.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, invention is described further.
Embodiment 1:
Select the new bitter buckwheat produced then, screen, de-stone impurity elimination, degaussing, do removal of impurities process, grain type is evenly good; Take 100kg raw material, band shell cleaning raw material, carries out evenly water, adds 5kg purifying waste water through processing process, use the method for spray damping, and raw material is stirred and vibrates, wheat wetting in iron ware, place 14 hours summer, moisture, to kernel, makes raw material moisture reach 18-20%; The raw material infiltrated is positioned in pressure vessel, injects steam, under making pressure reach 1.1 atmospheric pressure, keep 20 minutes; After being decompressed to normal pressure, raw material is taken out, use hot blast to carry out drying ripe raw material, make raw material moisture reach 14%; Get seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, liquorice 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer; Pack after naturally cool cold thin medicinal powder and naturally cool cold duck wheat finished product uniform stirring with paper bag by the mass ratio of 1:18.
Embodiment 2:
Screened by raw material duck wheat, de-stone impurity elimination, degaussing, do removal of impurities process, grain type is evenly good; Take 200kg raw material, band shell cleaning raw material, carries out evenly water, adds 24kg purifying waste water through processing process, use the method for spray damping, and raw material is stirred and vibrates, wheat wetting in iron ware, place 16 hours summer, moisture, to kernel, makes raw material moisture reach 18-20%; Be positioned in pressure vessel by the raw material infiltrated, inject steam, under making pressure reach 2 atmospheric pressure, keeps 10 minutes, often rising 0.5 atmospheric pressure is once exitted, and namely opens lower vessel portion vent valve about 7 second; After being decompressed to normal pressure, raw material is taken out, use hot blast to carry out drying ripe raw material, make product moisture reach about 14%; Get seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, liquorice 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer; Pack after naturally cool cold thin medicinal powder and naturally cool cold duck wheat finished product uniform stirring with nonwoven cloth material by the mass ratio of 1:18.
Embodiment 3:
Select the new duck wheat produced then, screen, de-stone impurity elimination, degaussing, do removal of impurities process, grain type is evenly good; Take 100kg raw material, band shell cleaning raw material, carries out evenly water, adds 10kg purifying waste water through processing process, use the method for spray damping, and raw material is stirred and vibrates, wheat wetting in cement container, place 18 hours winter, moisture, to kernel, makes raw material moisture reach about 18-20%; Be positioned in pressure vessel by the raw material infiltrated, inject steam, under making pressure reach 4 atmospheric pressure, keeps 2.5 minutes, often rising 0.5 atmospheric pressure is once exitted, and namely opens lower vessel portion vent valve about 3 second; After being decompressed to normal pressure, raw material is taken out, ripe raw material is dried naturally, makes product moisture reach about 14%; Get seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, liquorice 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer; Pack after naturally cool cold thin medicinal powder and naturally cool cold cooked rice or preboiled rice finished product uniform stirring with aluminium foil composite packaging material by the mass ratio of 1:18.
Embodiment 4:
Select the new duck wheat produced then, screen, de-stone impurity elimination, degaussing, do removal of impurities process, grain type is evenly good; Take 100kg raw material, band shell cleaning raw material, carries out evenly water, adds 10kg purifying waste water through processing process, use the method for spray damping, and raw material is stirred and vibrates, wheat wetting in cement container, place 18 hours winter, moisture, to kernel, makes raw material moisture reach about 18-20%; The raw material infiltrated is positioned in pressure vessel, injects steam, under making pressure reach 7 atmospheric pressure, often raise 0.5 atmospheric pressure and once exit, namely open lower vessel portion vent valve about 2 second; After being decompressed to normal pressure, raw material is taken out, ripe raw material is dried naturally, makes product moisture reach about 14%; Get seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, liquorice 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer; Sealed packet is carried out after naturally cool cold thin medicinal powder and naturally cool cold duck wheat finished product uniform stirring with aluminium foil composite packaging material by the mass ratio of 1:18.

Claims (6)

1. steaming is calmed the nerves a preparation method for duck wheat, it is characterized in that, comprises the steps: successively
(1) raw material buckwheat is screened, do removal of impurities process;
(2) carry out even spraying to the cleaning of above-mentioned raw materials band shell and water, water addition is 5-10%, places 14-20 hour in a reservoir;
(3) raw material infiltrated is positioned in pressure vessel, injects steam pressure and reach 1.1-7 atmospheric pressure;
(4) the above-mentioned raw material that cooks is carried out drying;
(5) seed of Oriental arborvitae 2-4 part, Poria cocos 1-3 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-3 part, grass-leaved sweetflag 1-3 part, liquorice 1-3 part, install with cloth bag, be condensed into paste with the multi-functional thickener of liquid, then put into the oven dry of Low-temp. electrothermal vacuum drier, make dry medicine block, be processed into thin medicinal powder with totally-enclosed pulverizer;
(6) thin medicinal powder and cool cold after duck wheat uniform stirring after carry out finished product and pack.
2. a kind of steaming according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of duck wheat, and it is characterized in that, the container in described step (2) is iron or cement material.
3. a kind of steaming according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of duck wheat, and it is characterized in that, described step (2) standing time in summer is 14-16 hour.
4. a kind of steaming according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of duck wheat, and it is characterized in that, described step (2) standing time in winter is 18-20 hour.
5. a kind of steaming according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of duck wheat, it is characterized in that, described step (4) is dry for naturally drying or drying.
6. a kind of steaming according to claim 1 is calmed the nerves the preparation method of duck wheat, it is characterized in that, the mass ratio that 1:18 press by the thin medicinal powder of described step (6) and duck wheat mixes.
CN201410327943.5A 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 Preparation method of steamed nerve-calming tartary buckwheat Pending CN105231110A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109757556A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-05-17 山西省农业科学院农产品加工研究所 The method and its application of rutin content in a kind of raising bitter buckwheat

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CN1478411A (en) * 2003-07-09 2004-03-03 王永强 Preparation method of steamed buckwheal grain
CN1478412A (en) * 2003-07-09 2004-03-03 王永强 Preparation method of steamed rye buckwheat grain
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CN1478411A (en) * 2003-07-09 2004-03-03 王永强 Preparation method of steamed buckwheal grain
CN1478412A (en) * 2003-07-09 2004-03-03 王永强 Preparation method of steamed rye buckwheat grain
CN1476779A (en) * 2003-07-11 2004-02-25 王永强 Preparation method of steamed tartary buck wheat
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109757556A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-05-17 山西省农业科学院农产品加工研究所 The method and its application of rutin content in a kind of raising bitter buckwheat

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