CN105178597B - Floor slab back casting band template and mold method - Google Patents

Floor slab back casting band template and mold method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178597B
CN105178597B CN201510427368.0A CN201510427368A CN105178597B CN 105178597 B CN105178597 B CN 105178597B CN 201510427368 A CN201510427368 A CN 201510427368A CN 105178597 B CN105178597 B CN 105178597B
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China
Prior art keywords
template
cascaded
caster
stitching
male
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CN201510427368.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105178597A (en
Inventor
闫相明
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中厦建设有限公司
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Publication of CN105178597B publication Critical patent/CN105178597B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of floor slab back casting band template and mold method, the described template is spliced to form by some pieces of subtemplates, subtemplate includes male template and caster, male template and caster alternative splicing, the caster is all provided with the cascaded surface of oriented the same side depression near two side edges, the male template is equipped with the stitching section being adapted to cascaded surface near two side edges, stitching section laminating cascaded surface is set, and is provided between the cascaded surface and stitching section and is capable of achieving both fixed or separate fixtures;Methods described applies to above-mentioned template.More facilitate floor slab back casting installing with template, and facilitate the recycling of template, save construction cost.

Description

Floor slab back casting band template and mold method

Technical field

The present invention relates to floor slab back casting belt construction field, more specifically it is related to a kind of floor slab back casting band template and branch Mould method.

Background technology

Post-cast strip is to prevent monolithic reinforced concrete structure because autogenous shrinkage is uneven or settles not in construction Issuable harmful cracks, according to design or job specfication requirement, stay what is set to face in sole plate, wall, beam relevant position When construction joint.The width of post-cast strip is general between 700mm-2000mm.Supporting module is needed during post empiricism, i.e., is poured after Bandwidth both sides installation form separates the concrete of both sides.For the post empiricism of floor, plate face has generally tied up two-layer Reinforcing bar, conventional template install with reinforcing bar tie up synchronously carry out, after at least must just being installed after the completion of lower floor's binding reinforcing bars Band template is poured, referring to figs. 1 to shown in Fig. 2, existing template is usually the wooden template that composite is made, and template is wholely set, Some draw-in grooves for being embedded floor bar are opened up in template, during supporting module, the draw-in groove below template reinforcing bar is stuck in, while During colligation top bars, by the draw-in groove above top bars embedded template, applying some auxiliary fixations.Traditional building Installing for board post poured band template is more bothered, and when template is dismantled, template is struck down, and template span is oversize, strikes lower rear pattern plate Cannot take out, and the force inequality of template is damaged serious, it is impossible to be further continued for after template abate during percussion long due to template span Utilize, increase construction cost.

The content of the invention

In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of floor slab back casting band template and formwork Method, more facilitates floor slab back casting installing with template, and facilitates the recycling of template, saves construction cost.

To achieve the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of floor slab back casting band template, the described template It is spliced to form by some pieces of subtemplates, subtemplate includes male template and caster, male template and caster alternative splicing, the mother Template is all provided with the cascaded surface of oriented the same side depression near two side edges, the male template near two side edges be equipped with The stitching section of cascaded surface adaptation, stitching section laminating cascaded surface is set, and is provided between the cascaded surface and stitching section and is capable of achieving both Fixed or separate fixture.

Further, the cascaded surface is provided with screw thread hole slot, and the stitching section is provided with the through hole overlapped with screw thread hole slot, institute Fixture is stated for bolt, the male template passes through through hole and be threadedly connected to screw thread hole slot with caster by bolt to be consolidated It is fixed.

Further, the cascaded surface projection is provided with N-shaped frame, and the two ends of N-shaped frame are fixedly connected with cascaded surface, described Stitching section is provided with the groove passed through for N-shaped frame;Also include the wedge shaped latch in one end, the caster is with male template by N-shaped The lock-joint that frame inserts n shapes frame composition by latch again through groove reaches fixation.

To achieve the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of floor slab back casting band mold method, template is It is spliced, the described template is made up of some pieces of subtemplates, subtemplate includes male template and caster, male template and caster Alternative splicing, the caster is all provided with the cascaded surface of oriented the same side depression near two side edges, and the male template is near two Bar side edge is equipped with the stitching section being adapted to cascaded surface, and stitching section forms with cascaded surface and fits, the cascaded surface and stitching section Between be provided with and be capable of achieving both fixed or separate fixtures;During installation by the edge of post-cast strip install, by subtemplate by It is put between top bars and lower floor's reinforcing bar and the draw-in groove on subtemplate is stuck in this between the longitudinal reinforcement that vertical formwork is set and indulges It is fixed to reinforcing bar;Alternative splicing male template and caster successively, the cascaded surface of caster that the stitching section of male template is fitted And male template is fixed with caster by fixture, repeatedly operate, until formwork erection is finished.

Post-cast strip part is additionally included in before formwork erection and is reserved for the space that subtemplate is put between upper and lower two-layer reinforcing bar, The space carries out colligation composition by the transverse steel first not to post-cast strip part, and transverse steel is the steel that parallel templates are set Muscle, after carrying out tying up for transverse steel herein after form removable again.

Also it is included in before the formwork erection and releasing agent is brushed in template.

It is additionally included in post-cast strip part and is adjacent to template surface colligation transverse steel, is fixed for playing auxiliary to template, the horizontal stroke First removed during to reinforcing bar form removal.

Effect of the invention is that, it is splicing construction by by template-setup, and be made up of some subtemplates, every piece of submodule Plate can be dismantled individually.By this way, because the span of template is greatly diminished, template is more facilitated to be put into upper and lower two-layer reinforcing bar Between it is fixed, similarly also more facilitate and take out, simplify installing for template, reduce and install difficulty;Simultaneously because it is splicing Formula, and its structure spliced is for the laminating of plane is spliced.The cascaded surface of caster is near its two ladders of side edge Face is to be recessed to the same side so that the stitching section in male template is fitted when splicing with the cascaded surface, the male template on caster both sides When being in the same side, i.e. template dismounting relative to the cascaded surface of caster, can by the male template dismounting on caster both sides Caster is dismantled, and is provided with fixture between cascaded surface and stitching section, fixture can realize the fixation of male template and caster with And separate, during form removal, male template is separated with caster by fixture, so as to realize the dismounting one by one of monolithic subtemplate, by It is splicing construction in template, the span of single subtemplate is smaller, and when carrying out abate to it, the stress of single subtemplate is more equal It is even, be hardly damaged after abate, therefore it is recyclable reuse, by this way, effectively save the cost of construction, and meet can The theory of sustainable development.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of formwork erection in the prior art;

Fig. 2 is the formwork structure schematic diagram of prior art;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of first embodiment of the invention formwork erection;

Fig. 4 is the part A enlarged drawing of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of first embodiment of the invention model sheetinstallat;

Fig. 6 is the exploded perspective view one of first embodiment of the invention template;

Fig. 7 is the exploded perspective view two of first embodiment of the invention template;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of second embodiment of the invention model sheetinstallat;

Fig. 9 is the exploded perspective view of second embodiment of the invention template.

Description of reference numerals:1st, template;2nd, post-cast strip part;11st, draw-in groove;12nd, caster;13rd, male template;121st, ladder Face;122nd, screw thread hole slot;123rd, N-shaped frame;124th, latch;131st, stitching section;132nd, through hole;133rd, groove.

Specific embodiment

The embodiment of the present invention is described further referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 9.

Floor slab back casting band template of the present invention, described template is spliced to form by some pieces of subtemplates, subtemplate bag Male template 13 and caster 12, male template 13 and the alternative splicing of caster 12 are included, the caster 12 is equal near two side edges The cascaded surface 121 being recessed to the same side is provided with, the male template 13 is equipped with what is be adapted to cascaded surface 121 near two side edges Stitching section 131, the laminating cascaded surface 121 of stitching section 131 is set, and achievable two are provided between the cascaded surface 121 and stitching section 131 The fixture that person fixes or be separate.

It is specifically described with reference to following two embodiments, and provides two kinds of preferred embodiments of fixture.

Embodiments of the invention one, to Fig. 7, the cascaded surface 121 is provided with screw thread hole slot 122, the stitching section to reference picture 3 131 are provided with the through hole 132 overlapped with screw thread hole slot 122, and the fixture is bolt, the male template 13 and caster 12 by Bolt passes through through hole 132 and is threadedly connected to screw thread hole slot 122 and is fixed.

By this way, effective fixation, and installation and removal equal ten can be not only realized to male template 13 and caster 12 Divide convenient, the non-through caster 12 of screw thread hole slot 122 of aforesaid way, to prevent concrete from penetrating into screw thread hole slot 122.Pass through Bolt connection, due to fixture small volume, and convenient production and processing, therefore which is preferred option.

Embodiments of the invention two, reference picture 8 to Fig. 9 can clearly show that the projection of the cascaded surface 121 is provided with N-shaped frame 123, the two ends of N-shaped frame 123 are fixedly connected with cascaded surface 121, and the stitching section 131 is provided with the groove passed through for N-shaped frame 123 133;Also include the wedge shaped latch 124 in one end, the caster 12 passes through groove 133 again with male template 13 by N-shaped frame 123 The lock-joint for inserting n shapes frame composition by latch 124 reaches fixation.

By this way, it is to avoid the workman trouble tightened bolt and produce one by one in embodiment one, by the latch The latch 124 of wedge shape only need to be knocked in N-shaped frame 123 and pass lock-joint that groove 133 constituted i.e. by 124 mode workman by hammer Can.The latch 124 of wedge shape can reach the purpose of pretension.

In above two mode, template can also be made in addition to wooden material using materials such as engineering plastics.

Present invention also offers a kind of floor slab back casting band mold method, to be spliced, the described template is by some for template Block subtemplate is constituted, and subtemplate includes male template 13 and caster 12, male template 13 and the alternative splicing of caster 12, the master mold Plate 12 is all provided with the cascaded surface 121 of oriented the same side depression near two side edges, and the male template 13 is equal near two side edges It is provided with the stitching section 131 being adapted to cascaded surface 121, stitching section 131 forms with cascaded surface 121 and fit, the cascaded surface 121 and spelling It is provided between socket part 131 and is capable of achieving both fixed or separate fixtures;Installed by the edge of post-cast strip during installation, reference Shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, it is put between top bars and lower floor's reinforcing bar between the longitudinal reinforcement that subtemplate is set by vertical formwork and will Draw-in groove 11 on subtemplate is stuck in the longitudinal reinforcement and is fixed;Alternative splicing male template 13 and caster 12 successively, by male model The cascaded surface 121 of the laminating of stitching section 131 caster 12 of plate 13 is simultaneously fixed male template 13 with caster 12 by fixture, weight Multiple multi-pass operation, until formwork erection is finished.

Further optimization, is additionally included in post-cast strip part 2 and is reserved for subtemplate and be put into upper and lower two-layer before formwork erection Space between reinforcing bar, the space carries out colligation composition by the transverse steel first not to post-cast strip part 2, and transverse steel is to put down The reinforcing bar of row template-setup, after carrying out tying up for transverse steel herein after form removable again.Shown in specific reference picture 4, Fig. 4 The transverse steel of middle post-cast strip part 2 is tied up, and the program is mainly in view of the transverse steel distance when post-cast strip part 2 When spacing between template is smaller, then it is easily caused template inconvenience and is put between upper and lower two-layer reinforcing bar, therefore when in view of above-mentioned Away from it is too small when, the transverse steel indwelling of post-cast strip part 2 can first not tied up in wiretie, to facilitate installing for template, Whne form removable, it is necessary to when pouring into a mould post-cast strip part 2, then carry out tying up for reinforcing bar herein, thus more convenient template install and Remove.

Also it is included in before the formwork erection and releasing agent is brushed in template.Releasing agent can be formed between template and concrete One interlayer, the dismounting of template when facilitating later stage form removal so that template is hardly damaged.Releasing agent preferably uses used oil and soap Water, twice laid low cost.

Further as shown in Figure 3 to Figure 4, it is additionally included in post-cast strip part 2 and is adjacent to template surface colligation transverse steel, is used for Auxiliary is played to template to fix, first removed during the transverse steel form removal.For clearer expression, shown with shade in figure.

Effect of the invention is that, it is splicing construction by by template-setup, and be made up of some subtemplates, every piece of submodule Plate can be dismantled individually.By this way, because the span of template is greatly diminished, template is more facilitated to be put into upper and lower two-layer reinforcing bar Between it is fixed, similarly also more facilitate and take out, simplify installing for template, reduce and install difficulty;Simultaneously because it is splicing Formula, and its structure spliced is for the laminating of plane is spliced.The cascaded surface 121 of caster 12 is near its two side edges Cascaded surface 121 is to be recessed to the same side so that the stitching section 131 in male template 13 is fitted when splicing with the cascaded surface 121, master mold When the male template 13 on the both sides of plate 12 is in the same side, i.e. template dismounting relative to the cascaded surface 121 of caster 12, by caster The dismounting of male template 13 on 12 both sides can dismantle caster 12, and fixture is provided between cascaded surface 121 and stitching section 131, Fixture can realize fixing and separating for male template 13 and caster 12, during form removal, by fixture by male template 13 with it is female Template 12 is separated, so as to realize the dismounting one by one of monolithic subtemplate, because template is splicing construction, the span of single subtemplate compared with Small, when carrying out abate to it, being more uniformly stressed for single subtemplate is hardly damaged after abate, thus it is recyclable reuse, By this way, the cost of construction is effectively saved, and meets the theory of sustainable development.

Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is the foregoing is only, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in design structure of the invention Within think of, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of floor slab back casting band template, it is characterized in that:The template is spliced to form by some pieces of subtemplates, and subtemplate includes male model Plate and caster, male template and caster alternative splicing,
The caster is all provided with the cascaded surface of oriented the same side depression near two side edges, and the male template is near two sides Place is equipped with the stitching section being adapted to cascaded surface, and stitching section laminating cascaded surface sets, is provided between the cascaded surface and stitching section It is capable of achieving both fixed or separate fixtures.
2. floor slab back casting according to claim 1 band template, it is characterized in that:The cascaded surface is provided with screw thread hole slot, described Stitching section is provided with the through hole overlapped with screw thread hole slot, and the fixture is bolt, and the male template is worn with caster by bolt Cross through hole and be threadedly connected to screw thread hole slot and be fixed.
3. floor slab back casting according to claim 1 band template, it is characterized in that:The cascaded surface projection is provided with N-shaped frame, n The two ends of type frame are fixedly connected with cascaded surface, and the stitching section is provided with the groove passed through for N-shaped frame;Also include that one end is wedge shaped Latch, the caster and male template are inserted the lock-joint that n shapes frame constitutes and are reached admittedly by latch again by N-shaped frame through groove It is fixed.
4. a kind of floor slab back casting is with mold method, it is characterised in that:, to be spliced, the template is by some pieces of subtemplate structures for template Into subtemplate includes male template and caster, male template and caster alternative splicing, and the caster is equal near two side edges The cascaded surface being recessed to the same side is provided with, the male template is equipped with the stitching section being adapted to cascaded surface near two side edges, Stitching section forms with cascaded surface and fits, and is provided between the cascaded surface and stitching section and is capable of achieving both fixed or separate fixations Part;Installed by the edge of post-cast strip during installation, upper strata steel is put between the longitudinal reinforcement that subtemplate is set by vertical formwork Between muscle and lower floor's reinforcing bar and the draw-in groove on subtemplate is stuck in into the longitudinal reinforcement to be fixed;Successively alternative splicing male template with Caster, is fixed male template with caster by the cascaded surface of the stitching section laminating caster of male template and by fixture, weight Multiple multi-pass operation, until formwork erection is finished.
5. floor slab back casting according to claim 4 band mold method, it is characterized in that:Poured after being additionally included in before formwork erection The space that subtemplate is put between upper and lower two-layer reinforcing bar is reserved for part, the space is not by first to the transverse direction of post-cast strip part Reinforcing bar carries out colligation composition;Transverse steel is the reinforcing bar that parallel templates are set, after carrying out transverse steel herein after form removable again Tie up.
6. floor slab back casting according to claim 4 band mold method, it is characterized in that:Mould is also included in before the formwork erection Releasing agent is brushed on plate.
7. floor slab back casting according to claim 4 band mold method, it is characterized in that:It is additionally included in post-cast strip part and is adjacent to mould Plate surface colligation transverse steel, fixes for playing auxiliary to template, is first removed during the transverse steel form removal.
CN201510427368.0A 2015-07-20 2015-07-20 Floor slab back casting band template and mold method CN105178597B (en)

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CN105178597B true CN105178597B (en) 2017-06-13

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105696631B (en) * 2016-04-20 2017-12-29 宝业湖北建工集团有限公司 A kind of erection method of post-cast strip baffle plate, baffle plate support system and support system
CN106150084B (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-07-27 福州市第三建筑工程公司 A kind of mold method and its formwork erecting structure for wearing muscle template
CN106284985A (en) * 2016-09-09 2017-01-04 五冶集团上海有限公司 A kind of Formwork Installation Method of reserved post-cast strip
CN107035141B (en) * 2017-06-02 2019-04-23 温州神光建设工程有限公司 A kind of mold method of floor slab back casting band

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5946881A (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-09-07 Chatelain; Paul J. Form for casting a concrete fence post in situ and process for its use
JP2002242430A (en) * 2001-02-19 2002-08-28 Bungo Ishida Width stopper for form
CN201588401U (en) * 2010-01-02 2010-09-22 王祥瑞 Improved construction template
CN202467176U (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-10-03 中天建设集团有限公司 Post-cast strip isolation template
CN202519977U (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-11-07 中国三冶集团有限公司建筑安装工程公司 Floor concrete post-poured strip template installation device
CN103572784B (en) * 2013-11-21 2015-09-30 中建二局第三建筑工程有限公司 A kind of super thick raft board post poured band formwork bracing system and construction method thereof
CN204435858U (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-07-01 中冶天工集团有限公司 Cast-in-place structural ater-casting typified form

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