CN105129299A - Automatic iron plate feeding system and method - Google Patents

Automatic iron plate feeding system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105129299A
CN105129299A CN201510430280.4A CN201510430280A CN105129299A CN 105129299 A CN105129299 A CN 105129299A CN 201510430280 A CN201510430280 A CN 201510430280A CN 105129299 A CN105129299 A CN 105129299A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pallet
iron plate
access machine
roller
shelf
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Granted
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CN201510430280.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105129299B (en
Inventor
谢明智
苏毓翔
张贤明
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Guangyun Electromechanical Suzhou Co Ltd
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Guangyun Electromechanical Suzhou Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510430280.4A priority Critical patent/CN105129299B/en
Publication of CN105129299A publication Critical patent/CN105129299A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105129299B publication Critical patent/CN105129299B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic iron plate feeding system and method, belongs to the field of iron plate feeding systems in laser systems, and provides the automatic iron plate feeding system capable of achieving full-automatic operation and the automatic iron plate feeding method adopting the system. According to the automatic iron plate feeding system, rollers are used for driving pallets placed on the rollers to horizontally move; the automatic iron plate feeding system is combined with a shifting rod mechanism for use; the pallets can be stored on and taken out of a goods shelf; and it is not needed that storage and taking operation is performed after the pallets are forked up through a forklift. After the pallets are taken out, iron plates can be conveniently grabbed and transferred to a corresponding working area through an iron plate take-out mechanism to be machined. The automatic iron plate feeding system is easy to operate and capable of automatically storing and taking out the iron plates, improving working efficiency and reducing potential safety hazards.

Description

Iron plate automatic feeding system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to iron plate Feed system field in laser system, particularly relate to a kind of iron plate automatic feeding system and method.
Background technology
At present, when carrying out radium-shine operation to iron plate product, the feed mode of iron plate carries out feed primarily of driving iron plate of slinging, and needs operating personnel to have consummate operation technical ability; In addition, adopted the mode of driving handling by operating personnel, its operating efficiency is low, and there is potential safety hazard.In addition, iron plate is generally placed on corresponding shelf by pallet, and its process of taking out iron plate often needs first with fork truck, pallet to be communicated with iron plate and forks together, and then carries out taking-up operation; One conveniently requires that operating personnel has consummate fork truck skill, on the other hand due to the weight of this type of iron plate often can reach hundreds of kilogram even several thousand kilograms time, therefore take out again after adopting fork truck to be forked together by the pallet that iron plate is housed, then higher to the requirement of fork truck load-carrying capacity, and for operating personnel, fork so heavy material, also there is potential safety hazard.
Summary of the invention
The technical matters that the present invention solves be to provide a kind of solve the problem can entire roboticized work iron plate automatic feeding system and adopt the iron plate Automatic-feeding method of this system, the present invention can reduce the potential safety hazard in operation process.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: iron plate automatic feeding system, comprise pallet access machine, shelf, for carrying the pallet of iron plate, pallet transport plane and iron plate unloading device;
Described pallet access machine comprises liftable crane and access machine frame, and described access machine frame is arranged on crane; Access machine frame is provided with two row's rollers for transporting and carry pallet, and described two row's pairs of rollers should be arranged on the both sides of access machine frame; Access machine frame is also provided with driver train, and the often row pair of rollers in access machine frame should be provided with a driver train, and this driver train is for driving the roller synchronous axial system of corresponding row; In access machine frame, the side of pallet turnover is provided with lever body;
Described shelf are arranged on the side of pallet access machine, and shelf comprise the pallet placed layer that multiple-layer horizontal is arranged, and the side of every layer of pallet placed layer is pallet turnover side, and its excess-three side is gear side, and it is corresponding that described pallet turnover side and pallet access machine; Every layer of pallet placed layer is provided with along pallet turnover direction the free tugboat of two rows for supporting pallet, and the two free tugboats of row and two on pallet access machine to arrange roller corresponding;
Described pallet transport plane comprises transport plane frame, and transport plane frame is provided with two row's rollers, and this two rows pair of rollers should be arranged on the both sides of transport plane frame, and two row's rollers in transport plane frame and two in the machine of access frame to arrange roller corresponding; Transport plane frame is provided with driver train, and the often row pair of rollers in transport plane frame should be provided with a driver train, and this driver train is for driving the roller synchronous axial system of corresponding row;
Pallet is provided with two skate grooves, and it is corresponding that described two skate grooves and two on pallet access machine arrange roller;
Pallet can be allocated on pallet access machine from shelf or be allocated on shelf by pallet from pallet access machine by described lever body;
Described crane can by the lifting of access machine frame to corresponding with every layer of pallet placed layer on shelf respectively;
Described iron plate unloading device comprises bracing frame, the track be arranged on bracing frame, install in orbit and the iron plate grasping mechanism of track-movable; Described iron plate grasping mechanism comprises fixed mount and movable stand, and in orbit, described movable stand is liftable to be arranged on fixed mount in the installation of described fixed mount track-movable; Be provided with iron plate sucker downward in the bottom of movable stand, described iron plate sucker is corresponding with the iron plate on pallet.
Further: be respectively arranged with a vertical rack rails in the both sides of movable stand, fixed mount is provided with and two corresponding two gears engaged of rack rails, described two gears are arranged on same axle drive shaft, and described axle drive shaft is rotated by the drive motor be arranged on fixed mount.
Further: described shelf have two, the both sides of what two shelf were symmetric be arranged on pallet access machine; From the bottom of one of them shelf through rear, described pallet transport plane to access with pallet that machine is corresponding to be arranged; Track in described iron plate unloading device strides across directly over pallet access machine, and the line at the trend of track and two shelf centers is perpendicular.
Further: described lever body comprises driving lever driver train, swing arm, driving lever and bearing, one end of described swing arm is connected with the rotating shaft of driving lever driver train, and the other end installs driving lever, and described bearing carrier ring is located on driving lever; The shifting block with the outer rolling surface corresponding matching of bearing is respectively arranged with in the front side of pallet and rear side.
Further: described crane is made up of firm banking, crossbar, supporting seat and hydraulically extensible bar, and described frame is arranged on supporting seat; Described crossbar is arranged between firm banking and supporting seat; The base end of described hydraulically extensible bar is hinged on firm banking, and its telescopic end is hinged on the middle part of crossbar; By the flexible lifting that can realize supporting seat of hydraulically extensible bar.
Further: each roller comprises tugboat, the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, be arranged in the first sprocket wheel on a roller in the middle of row's roller and the second sprocket wheel to be coordinated by corresponding sprocket wheel synchrodrive on adjacent with the both sides respectively roller of chain.
Further: the drive end of driver train is provided with the first drive sprocket and the second drive sprocket, described driver train one row roller in wherein between two adjacent rollers; Described first drive sprocket is connected by chain gear with the first sprocket wheel in the adjacent rollers of side; Described second drive sprocket is connected by chain gear with the second sprocket wheel in the adjacent rollers of opposite side.
Further: on pallet, be provided with limiting block, every layer of pallet placed layer is provided with spacing preiection, and described limiting block is corresponding with described spacing preiection; And when pallet puts into desired location on pallet placed layer, described limiting block coordinates with described spacing preiection is spacing; Described limiting block is " V " shape slope structure; Described spacing preiection is spring pin.
Further: horn structure is arranged at the two ends of each race; Each free tugboat is enclosed with one deck anti-slip rubber layer; Frame is provided with vertical kidney slot, and described driver train can move up and down being arranged on above-mentioned kidney slot of adjustment by bolt.
In addition, the invention provides a kind of iron plate Automatic-feeding method adopting above-mentioned iron plate automatic feeding system, comprise the automatic store method of iron plate and the automatic removing method of iron plate;
The automatic store method of described iron plate comprises the steps:
A, the pallet being placed with iron plate is placed on plate pallet transport plane;
B, the operation of pallet transport plane, be transported on pallet access machine by pallet;
C, crane lift work, by the pallet lifting on pallet access machine to assigned address, make pallet corresponding with the pallet placed layer of desired location on shelf;
D, driver train operation, mobile pallet is on the pallet placed layer on shelf;
E, after the roller on pallet and pallet access machine disengages relation, lever body operation, and pallet is allocated on corresponding pallet placed layer from pallet access machine;
The automatic removing method of described iron plate comprises the steps:
A, crane lift work, access machine lifting to assigned address by pallet, making to be placed on pallet in shelf on pallet placed layer and pallet, to access machine corresponding;
B, lever body operation, and pallet is allocated on pallet access machine together with the iron plate be placed on pallet from the pallet placed layer of correspondence;
C, driver train operation, make pallet move on pallet access machine completely;
D, crane lift work again, machine that pallet is accessed together with the pallet on it and iron plate one lifting to assigned address;
E, the operation of iron plate unloading device, move to directly over pallet access machine by iron plate grasping mechanism; Then move down movable stand, make iron plate sucker and iron plate be adjacent to adhesive; Afterwards again on move movable stand, lastblock iron plate most in pallet is taken out;
After f, iron plate grasping mechanism take out iron plate, along rail moving, iron plate is moved to after formulating position and put down iron plate.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: by arranging roller on pallet access machine, shelf arrange the structures such as free tugboat, rotated by driver train driving rolls simultaneously, the pallet parallel motion be placed on roller can be driven by roller, and then the accessing operation of pallet on shelf can be realized, can pallet be moved on shelf from pallet access machine or pallet be moved to pallet access machine from shelf; And when pallet reaches moving boundary, then by the further movement of lever body by pallet, finally pallet can be moved on shelf completely, or pallet is driven on pallet access machine from shelf, make pallet can be driven to move by the rolling of roller; Simultaneously by arranging liftable crane, pallet access machine can be regulated according to the pallet placed layer of differing heights on shelf, being convenient to automatically place pallet.When the pallet be placed on shelf being fetched into together with the iron plate be placed in pallet after on pallet access machine, by controlling the iron plate grasping mechanism in iron plate unloading device, make it to move to directly over pallet access machine, then iron plate sucker is transferred, by iron plate sucker, the iron plate be placed in pallet is picked up, and move to corresponding operating area and carry out corresponding operation.By adopting the present invention, owing to only needing the parallel motion being driven pallet by pallet access machine, the accessing operation of pallet can be realized, and owing to adopting roller and tugboat structure, therefore the access procedure of pallet only needs relative movement pallet on pallet access machine and shelf, only needs less propulsive effort just can complete; Whole operating process is very convenient.And by adopting iron plate unloading device, can realize automatically the iron plate in pallet being taken out, and be sent to job position, the potential safety hazard of operation process can be reduced, increase work efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is birds-eye view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is lateral plan of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the method schematic diagram of regional area E in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of iron plate unloading device;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged diagram of regional area F in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the birds-eye view of shelf;
Fig. 8 is the front view of shelf;
Fig. 9 is the lateral plan of shelf;
Figure 10 is the enlarged diagram of regional area A in Fig. 8;
Figure 11 is the enlarged diagram of regional area B in Fig. 9;
The structural representation of Figure 12 race;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of crane;
The birds-eye view of Figure 14 pallet access machine;
Figure 15 is the front view of pallet access machine;
Figure 16 is the lateral plan of pallet access machine;
Figure 17 is the enlarged diagram of regional area C in Figure 14;
Figure 18 is the enlarged diagram of regional area D in Figure 15;
Figure 19, Figure 20 are the local structure schematic diagram that pallet is dialled in process by lever body;
Figure 21 is the front view of lever body;
Figure 22 is the birds-eye view of lever body;
Figure 23 is the lateral plan of lever body;
Figure 24 is the birds-eye view of pallet transport plane;
Figure 25 is the front view of pallet transport plane;
Figure 26 is the lateral plan of pallet transport plane;
Be labeled as in figure: pallet access machine 1, crane 11, firm banking 111, crossbar 112, supporting seat 113, hydraulically extensible bar 114, frame 12, roller 13, tugboat 131, first sprocket wheel 132, second sprocket wheel 133, driver train 14, first drive sprocket 141, second drive sprocket 142, lever body 15, driving lever driver train 151, swing arm 152, driving lever 153, bearing 154, track adjusting wheel 16, free tugboat 17, shelf 2, pallet placed layer 21, spacing preiection 211, pallet turnover side 22, free tugboat 23, anti-slip rubber layer 24, pallet 3, race 31, shifting block 32, 32a, 32b, limiting block 33, chain 4, pallet transport plane 5, transport plane frame 51, roller 52, driver train 53, free tugboat 54, iron plate unloading device 6, bracing frame 61, track 62, iron plate grasping mechanism 63, fixed mount 64, gear 641, movable stand 65, rack rails 651, axle drive shaft 66, CD-ROM drive motor 67, iron plate sucker 68, operating area 7, iron plate 8.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further described.
As shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 23, iron plate automatic feeding system of the present invention, comprise pallet access machine 1, shelf 2, for carrying the pallet 3 of iron plate 7, pallet transport plane 5 and iron plate unloading device 6;
Described pallet access machine 1 comprises liftable crane 11 and access machine frame 12, and described access machine frame 12 is arranged on crane 11; Access machine frame 12 is provided with two row's rollers 13 for transporting and carry pallet 3, and described two row's roller 13 correspondences are arranged on the both sides of access machine frame 12; Access machine frame 12 is also provided with driver train 14, and often row roller 13 correspondence in access machine frame 12 is provided with a driver train 14, and this driver train 14 is for driving roller 13 synchronous axial system of corresponding row; The side that pallet 3 passes in and out in access machine frame 12 is provided with lever body 15;
Described shelf 2 are arranged on the side of pallet access machine 1, and shelf 2 comprise the pallet placed layer 21 that multiple-layer horizontal is arranged, the side of every layer of pallet placed layer 21 is pallet turnover side 22, and its excess-three side is gear side, and it is corresponding that described pallet turnover side 22 and pallet access machine 1; Every layer of pallet placed layer 21 is provided with along pallet turnover direction the free tugboat 23 of two rows for supporting pallet 3, and the two free tugboats 23 of row and pallet access two on machine 1, and to arrange roller 13 corresponding;
Described pallet transport plane 5 comprises transport plane frame 51, transport plane frame 51 is provided with two row's rollers 52, this two rows roller 52 correspondence is arranged on the both sides of transport plane frame 51, and two row's rollers 52 in transport plane frame 51 and two in the machine of access frame 12 to arrange roller 13 corresponding; Transport plane frame 51 is provided with driver train 53, and often row roller 52 correspondence in transport plane frame 51 is provided with a driver train 53, and this driver train 53 is for driving roller 52 synchronous axial system of corresponding row;
Pallet 3 is provided with two skate grooves 31, and described two skate grooves 31 and pallet access two on machine 1 to arrange roller 13 corresponding;
Pallet 3 can be allocated on pallet access machine 1 from shelf 2 or be allocated on shelf 2 by pallet 3 from pallet access machine 1 by described lever body 15;
Access machine frame 12 can be elevated to corresponding with every layer of pallet placed layer 21 on shelf 2 respectively by described crane 11;
Described iron plate unloading device 6 comprises bracing frame 61, the track 62 be arranged on bracing frame 61, to be arranged on track 62 and can along the iron plate grasping mechanism 63 of track 62 movement; Described iron plate grasping mechanism 63 comprises fixed mount 64 and movable stand 65, and described fixed mount 64 can be arranged on track 62 along track 62 movement, and described movable stand 65 is liftable to be arranged on fixed mount 64; Be provided with iron plate sucker 68 downward in the bottom of movable stand 65, described iron plate sucker 68 is corresponding with the iron plate 7 on pallet 3.
The present invention can realize operating the automatic access of the iron plate 8 be placed in pallet 3, and its concrete method is as follows:
Comprise the automatic store method of iron plate and the automatic removing method of iron plate;
The automatic store method of described iron plate comprises the steps:
A, the pallet 3 being placed with iron plate 7 is placed on plate pallet transport plane 5;
B, pallet transport plane 5 operation, be transported on pallet access machine 1 by pallet 3;
C, crane 11 lift work, the pallet 3 accessed by pallet on machine 1 is elevated to assigned address, makes pallet 3 corresponding with the pallet placed layer 21 of desired location on shelf 2;
D, driver train 14 operation, on the pallet placed layer 21 on mobile pallet 3 to shelf 2;
E, after pallet 3 and the pallet roller 13 access on machine 1 disengage relation, lever body 15 operation, and pallet 3 is allocated on the pallet placed layer 21 of correspondence from pallet access machine 1;
The automatic removing method of described iron plate comprises the steps:
A, crane 11 lift work, access machine 1 and be elevated to assigned address by pallet, making to be placed on pallet 3 in shelf 2 on pallet placed layer 21 and pallet, to access machine 1 corresponding;
B, lever body 15 operation, and pallet 3 is allocated on pallet access machine 1 together with the iron plate 7 be placed on pallet 2 from the pallet placed layer 21 of correspondence;
C, driver train 14 operation, make pallet 3 move on pallet access machine 1 completely;
D, crane 11 lift work again, access machine 1 together with the pallet 3 on it and iron plate 7 one lifting to assigned address by pallet;
E, iron plate unloading device 6 operation, move to directly over pallet access machine 1 by iron plate grasping mechanism 63; Then move down movable stand 65, make iron plate sucker 68 and iron plate 7 be adjacent to adhesive; Afterwards again on move movable stand 65, lastblock iron plate 7 most in pallet 3 is taken out;
After f, iron plate grasping mechanism 63 take out iron plate 7, move along track 62, iron plate 7 is moved to after formulating position and put down iron plate 7.
Wherein, the effect of iron plate unloading device 6 captures iron plate 8, and by the movement on track 62, iron plate 8 is delivered to corresponding operating area 7 and carry out corresponding operation, as carried out the radium-shine operation to iron plate.The concrete structure of iron plate unloading device 6 can adopt following form: be respectively arranged with a vertical rack rails 651 in the both sides of movable stand 65, fixed mount 64 is provided with and two corresponding two gears 641 engaged of rack rails 651, described two gears 641 are arranged on same axle drive shaft 66, and described axle drive shaft 66 is driven by the CD-ROM drive motor 67 be arranged on fixed mount 64 and rotates; Rotated by CD-ROM drive motor 67 driven gear 641, by coordinating of gear 641 and rack rails 651, realize moving up and down of movable stand 65, so realize iron plate sucker 68 and iron plate 8 suction and, iron plate 8 is picked up the most at last.
Wherein the effect of crane 11 realizes the lifting to the frame 12 on pallet access machine 1, different height and positions is elevated to by making frame 12, to be placed on the pallet placed layer 21 of differing heights by pallet 3, or never level pallet placed layer 21 takes out pallet 3.As for the concrete structure of crane 11, in theory, can adopt various forms of, its type of drive also can adopt various forms; As shown in figure 13, the present invention preferably adopts following structure: described crane 11 is made up of firm banking 111, crossbar 112, supporting seat 113 and hydraulically extensible bar 114, and described frame 12 is arranged on supporting seat 113; Described crossbar 112 is arranged between firm banking 111 and supporting seat 113; The base end of described hydraulically extensible bar 114 is hinged on firm banking 111, and its telescopic end is hinged on the middle part of crossbar 112; By the flexible lifting that can realize supporting seat 113 of hydraulically extensible bar 114.Adopt crossbar 112 as Lift Part, the area occupied of crane 11 can be reduced so as far as possible, and adopt hydraulically extensible bar 114, then can guarantee that bearing force satisfies the demands; Certainly, stablizing in order to ensure lifting process, described hydraulically extensible bar 114 can arrange two, the both sides being arranged on crane 11 that two hydraulically extensible bars 114 are symmetric.
Certainly, in order to accurately control the adjustable height of crane 11, and make its liftable to multiple different height, so that corresponding with the placed layer of differing heights on shelf, usually need to control the stroke of hydraulically extensible bar 114, certainly, this mode and corresponding control system are prior art, therefore not in very thin introduction, such as, PLC control system can be adopted to control it.
In addition, the two free tugboats 23 of row on shelf 2 and pallet access two on machine 1, and to arrange roller 13 corresponding, and two row's rollers 52 in transport plane frame 51 to arrange roller 13 corresponding with accessing two in machine frame 12, what refer to is all that same race 31 on pallet 3 corresponds to a free tugboat 23 of row on shelf 2 and the row's roller 13 on pallet access machine 1 and the row's roller 52 in transport plane frame 51 simultaneously, guarantees that pallet 3 can mobile transition between shelf 2 and pallet access machine 1 and pallet transport plane 5.
Wherein, the effect of pallet transport plane 5 realizes the transport to pallet 3, to be transported to by pallet 3 on pallet access machine 1, then accesses machine 1 by pallet stored on shelf 2 by pallet.On general pallet access machine 1, the roller 13 of mobile pallet 3 and corresponding driver train 1 all can adopt identical structure and parts with the roller 52 on pallet transport plane 5 and driver train 53; Namely the two adopts identical structure to realize to the mobile of pallet 3.Be that driver train 14,53 drives roller 13,52 to rotate, and then the movement of the pallet 3 be placed on it can be driven; As realized being moved on pallet access machine 1 from pallet transport plane 5 by pallet 3, or pallet 3 is moved on shelf 2 from pallet access machine 1.Generally speaking, pallet 3 is in the process accessed from shelf, during owing to just starting, as taken out in the process of pallet 3 from shelf 2, because pallet 3 is placed on pallet placed layer 21, therefore the roller 13 on pallet access machine does not contact with pallet 3, and now driving rolls 13 rotates and also pallet 3 can not be taken out; For this reason, the present invention is provided with lever body 15, and the effect of lever body 15 is when roller 13 pairs of pallets 3 cannot play a role in promoting time, is realized the movement of pallet 3 by lever body 15; Wherein lever body 15 has two kinds of effects; Pallet 3 is transferred to from frame 12 and pallet 3 is dialled in frame 12 respectively; It corresponds respectively to stored in the process of pallet 3 on shelf 2, when pallet 3 cannot be released by roller 13 further, realizes pallet 3 to transfer to completely by lever body 15; Or corresponding to takes out in the process of pallet 3 from shelf, before roller 13 contacts with pallet 3, by lever body 15, pallet 3 is allocated on roller 13, make to rotate the movement that can drive pallet 3 by driving rolls 13, finally reach the object of taking out pallet 3, this process can refer to the structural representation shown in Figure 19 and Figure 20.
In theory, as long as the lever body 15 of the structure of above-mentioned action effect when can meet, the present invention is preferably as follows structure: as shown in Figure 21, Figure 22 and Figure 23, described lever body 15 comprises driving lever driver train 151, swing arm 152, driving lever 153 and bearing 154, one end of described swing arm 152 is connected with the rotating shaft of driving lever driver train 151, the other end is installed driving lever 153, described bearing 154 is set on driving lever 153; Be respectively arranged with the shifting block 32 with the outer rolling surface corresponding matching of bearing 154 in the front side of pallet 3 and rear side simultaneously.Wherein, the position of shifting block 32 can refer to shown in Figure 15 and Figure 21,22 and arranges; Shifting block 32 is by after the effect of driving lever 153 in theory, can reach the end position at two ends, as the position of the shifting block 32a in Figure 21 and Figure 22 and shifting block 32b.In addition, consider driving lever 153 with shifting block 32 contact process in can there is relative movement along with the rotation of driving lever 153, in order to reduce the resistance in moving process, further can on driving lever 153 sheathed bearing 154.
In addition, can pass in and out from the both sides of frame 12 to make pallet 3, therefore pallet 3 passes in and out in frame 12 both sides can be respectively arranged with lever body 15, and every side is provided with two lever bodies be symmetric 15, the mode shown in Figure 14 that specifically can refer to is arranged.Now, the corresponding both sides being arranged on pallet access machine 1 being provided with two shelf, 2, two shelf 2 and being symmetric as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2; Now consider that pallet transport plane 5 needs to access with pallet that machine 1 is corresponding to be connected, generally pallet transport plane 5 is passed from the bottom of one of them shelf 2 and access with pallet that machine 1 is corresponding to be arranged afterwards; Track 62 in corresponding described iron plate unloading device 6 strides across directly over pallet access machine 1, and the line at the trend of track 62 and two shelf 2 centers is perpendicular.
In the present invention, all rollers 13 should guarantee synchronous rolling, so just can reach the object of smooth transport pallet 3, for guaranteeing roller 13 synchronous rolling, following structure can be adopted: each roller 13 comprises tugboat 131, first sprocket wheel 132 and the second sprocket wheel 133, be arranged in the first sprocket wheel 132 on a roller 13 in the middle of row's roller 13 and the second sprocket wheel 133 and coordinated by corresponding sprocket wheel synchrodrive on adjacent with the both sides respectively roller 13 of chain 4.In theory, in these cases, any one roller 13 that driver train 14 only needs driving one to arrange in roller 13 rotates, and whole row's roller 13 can be driven to rotate; Certainly, also can adopt as Figure 12,13 and Fig. 4 as shown in structure, the drive end by driver train 14 is provided with the first drive sprocket 141 and the second drive sprocket 142, described driver train 14 one row roller 13 in wherein between two adjacent rollers 13; Described first drive sprocket 141 is in transmission connection by chain 4 with the first sprocket wheel 132 in the adjacent rollers 13 of side; Described second drive sprocket 142 is in transmission connection by chain 4 with the second sprocket wheel 133 in the adjacent rollers 13 of opposite side.In addition, the driver train 14 that also should control on two row's rollers 13 should synchronous axial system.
Above-mentioned driver train 14 to be arranged in row's roller 13 wherein between two adjacent rollers 13 time, conveniently regulate the degree of tightness of the chain 4 between driver train 14 and corresponding roller 13, can be provided with vertical kidney slot structure in frame 12, and described driver train 14 can move up and down being arranged on above-mentioned kidney slot of adjustment by bolt.
In addition, consider that the width of pallet 3 may be wider, therefore can also be provided with the free tugboat 17 of at least one row further between two row's rollers 13; In like manner the free tugboat 23 of at least one row also can be set equally between the free tugboat 23 of two rows on shelf 2; Further, the free tugboat 17 that general above-mentioned increase is arranged and free tugboat 23, should be mutually corresponding, arranges corresponding race 31 to increase on pallet 3.In addition, free tugboat 17 and free tugboat 23 all can adopt same structure, itself can Free-rolling, pallet 3 is played to the effect strengthening and support, and itself need not drive.
In addition, in order to strengthen the contact friction force between tugboat 131 and race 31, pallet 3 is avoided to skid, one deck anti-slip rubber layer 24 can be enclosed with on each tugboat 131, certainly, when above-mentioned be provided with free tugboat 23, also can wrap up one deck anti-slip rubber layer 24 on each free tugboat 23.Anti-slip rubber layer 24 effect strengthens friction force, the anti-slip rubber layer of general adopted polyurethane material.
In addition, also limiting block 33 can be set on pallet 3, shelf 2 arrange the spacing preiection 211 of corresponding matching, coordinated with the spacing of spacing preiection 211 by limiting block 33, both when pallet 3 is put on pallet placed layer 21 and reach assigned address, limiting block 33 coordinates with spacing preiection 211, and restriction pallet 3 moves freely, to avoid pallet 3 from landing shelf 2 on pallet placed layer 21.Certainly, if need pallet 3 to take out from shelf 2, then only need to cancel above-mentioned spacing matching relationship or by applying certain application force to pallet 3, overcome the spacing matching relationship between limiting block 33 and spacing preiection 211.In theory, spacing matching relationship between limiting block 33 and spacing preiection 211 can adopt various existing technology always to realize, as shown in figures 6 and 7, the present invention preferably adopts following structure: described limiting block 33 is " V " shape slope structure, and described spacing preiection 211 is spring pin.
In addition, in order to make pallet 3 when passing in and out pallet access machine, to pallet 3, there is better directional tagging, as shown in FIG., pallet track adjusting wheel 7 can be provided with in the both sides in frame 12.
In addition, above-mentioned analysis is known, by coordinating of race 31 and tugboat 131, position-limiting action can be played when mobile to pallet 3, and coordinate with the effective of race 31 for the ease of tugboat 131 further, especially when pallet 3 being moved to by one end on pallet access machine 1, adjust for the ease of initial convenient cooperation of the contact between race 31 with tugboat 131, horn structure can be arranged in the two ends of race 31, specifically can refer to structure shown in Fig. 8.
To sum up, the present invention drives pallet 3 parallel motion be placed on roller by roller 13, and uses together in conjunction with lever body 15, can realize the accessing operation on shelf 2 of pallet 3, and carry out access operation again after being forked by fork truck by pallet 3.Take out after pallet, by iron plate unloading device 6, conveniently iron plate 8 can be captured and be transferred to the processing operation carrying out iron plate 8 in corresponding operating area 7.The present invention is simple to operate, can realize automation access iron plate 8, improve operating efficiency, and can reduce potential safety hazard.

Claims (10)

1. iron plate automatic feeding system, is characterized in that: comprise pallet access machine (1), shelf (2), for carrying the pallet (3) of iron plate (7), pallet transport plane (5) and iron plate unloading device (6);
Described pallet access machine (1) comprises liftable crane (11) and access machine frame (12), and described access machine frame (12) is arranged on crane (11); Access machine frame (12) is provided with two rows' roller (13) for transport and carrying pallet (3), and described two row's roller (13) correspondences are arranged on the both sides of access machine frame (12); Access machine frame (12) is also provided with driver train (14), often row roller (13) correspondence in access machine frame (12) is provided with a driver train (14), and this driver train (14) is for driving roller (13) synchronous axial system of corresponding row; The side passed in and out at the upper pallet (3) of access machine frame (12) is provided with lever body (15);
Described shelf (2) are arranged on the side of pallet access machine (1), and shelf (2) comprise the pallet placed layer (21) that multiple-layer horizontal is arranged, the side of every layer of pallet placed layer (21) is pallet turnover side (22), its excess-three side is gear side, and it is corresponding that described pallet turnover side (22) and pallet access machine (1); Every layer of pallet placed layer (21) is provided with the two free tugboat of the rows (23) for supporting pallet (3) along pallet turnover direction, and the two free tugboat of rows (23) and pallet access two on machine (1), and to arrange roller (13) corresponding;
Described pallet transport plane (5) comprises transport plane frame (51), transport plane frame (51) is provided with two row's rollers (52), this two rows roller (52) correspondence is arranged on the both sides of transport plane frame (51), and two rows' roller (52) in transport plane frame (51) and two on machine frame (12) that access to arrange roller (13) corresponding; Transport plane frame (51) is provided with driver train (53), often row roller (52) correspondence in transport plane frame (51) is provided with a driver train (53), and this driver train (53) is for driving roller (52) synchronous axial system of corresponding row;
Pallet (3) is provided with two skate grooves (31), and described two skate grooves (31) and pallet access two on machine (1) to arrange roller (13) corresponding;
Pallet (3) can be allocated on pallet access machine (1) from shelf (2) or be allocated on shelf (2) by pallet (3) from pallet access machine (1) by described lever body (15);
Described crane (11) can by access machine frame (12) lifting to corresponding with every layer of pallet placed layer (21) on shelf (2) respectively;
Described iron plate unloading device (6) comprises bracing frame (61), the track (62) be arranged on bracing frame (61), to be arranged on track (62) upper and can along the iron plate grasping mechanism (63) of track (62) movement; Described iron plate grasping mechanism (63) comprises fixed mount (64) and movable stand (65), described fixed mount (64) can be arranged on track (62) along track (62) movement, and described movable stand (65) is liftable to be arranged on fixed mount (64); Be provided with iron plate sucker (68) downward in the bottom of movable stand (65), described iron plate sucker (68) is corresponding with the iron plate (7) on pallet (3).
2. the automatic extraction system of iron plate as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: be respectively arranged with a vertical rack rails (651) in the both sides of movable stand (65), fixed mount (64) is provided with and two corresponding two gears (641) of engaging of rack rails (651), described two gears (641) are arranged on same axle drive shaft (66), and described axle drive shaft (66) is driven by the CD-ROM drive motor (67) be arranged on fixed mount (64) and rotates.
3. iron plate automatic feeding system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described shelf (2) have two, the both sides being arranged on pallet access machine (1) that two shelf (2) are symmetric; From the bottom of one of them shelf (2) through rear, described pallet transport plane (5) to access with pallet that machine (1) is corresponding to be arranged; Track (62) in described iron plate unloading device (6) strides across directly over pallet access machine (1), and the line at the trend of track (62) and two shelf (2) centers is perpendicular.
4. iron plate automatic feeding system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lever body (15) comprises driving lever driver train (151), swing arm (152), driving lever (153) and bearing (154), one end of described swing arm (152) is connected with the rotating shaft of driving lever driver train (151), the other end is installed driving lever (153), described bearing (154) is set on driving lever (153); The shifting block (32) with the outer rolling surface corresponding matching of bearing (154) is respectively arranged with in the front side of pallet (3) and rear side.
5. iron plate automatic feeding system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described crane (11) is made up of firm banking (111), crossbar (112), supporting seat (113) and hydraulically extensible bar (114), described access machine frame (12) is arranged on supporting seat (113); Described crossbar (112) is arranged between firm banking (111) and supporting seat (113); The base end of described hydraulically extensible bar (114) is hinged on firm banking (111), and its telescopic end is hinged on the middle part of crossbar (112); By the flexible lifting that can realize supporting seat (113) of hydraulically extensible bar (114).
6. iron plate automatic feeding system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: each roller (13,52) comprises tugboat (131), the first sprocket wheel (132) and the second sprocket wheel (133), be arranged in the first sprocket wheel (132) on a roller (13,52) in the middle of row's roller and the second sprocket wheel (133) and go up corresponding sprocket wheel synchrodrive by the roller (13,52) that chain (4) is adjacent with both sides respectively and coordinate.
7. iron plate automatic feeding system as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: the drive end of driver train (14,53) is provided with the first drive sprocket (141) and the second drive sprocket (142), described driver train (14,53) is arranged in row's roller (13,52) wherein between two adjacent rollers (13,52); Described first drive sprocket (141) is in transmission connection by chain (4) with the first sprocket wheel (132) in the adjacent rollers (13,52) of side; Described second drive sprocket (142) is in transmission connection by chain (4) with the second sprocket wheel (133) in the adjacent rollers (13,52) of opposite side.
8. iron plate automatic feeding system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: on pallet (3), be provided with limiting block (33), every layer of pallet placed layer (21) is provided with spacing preiection (211), and described limiting block (33) is corresponding with described spacing preiection (211); And when pallet (3) puts into desired location on pallet placed layer (21), described limiting block (33) coordinates with described spacing preiection (211) is spacing; Described limiting block (33) is " V " shape slope structure; Described spacing preiection (211) is spring pin.
9. iron plate automatic feeding system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: horn structure is arranged at the two ends of each race (31); Each free tugboat (23) is enclosed with one deck anti-slip rubber layer (24); Access machine frame (12) and transport plane frame (51) are respectively arranged with vertical kidney slot, and described driver train (4) can move up and down being arranged on above-mentioned kidney slot of adjustment by bolt.
10. iron plate Automatic-feeding method, is characterized in that: adopt the iron plate automatic feeding system according to any one of the claims 1 to 9; Comprise the automatic store method of iron plate and the automatic removing method of iron plate;
The automatic store method of described iron plate comprises the steps:
A, the pallet (3) being placed with iron plate (7) is placed on plate pallet transport plane (5);
B, pallet transport plane (5) operation, be transported on pallet access machine (1) by pallet (3);
C, crane (11) lift work, the pallet (3) accessed by pallet on machine (1) is elevated to assigned address, makes the pallet placed layer (21) of pallet (3) and the upper desired location of shelf (2) corresponding;
D, driver train (14) operation, mobile pallet (3) is on the pallet placed layer (21) on shelf (2);
E, after pallet (3) and the pallet roller (13) accessed on machine (1) disengage relation, lever body (15) operation, and pallet (3) is allocated on corresponding pallet placed layer (21) from pallet access machine (1);
The automatic removing method of described iron plate comprises the steps:
A, crane (11) lift work, pallet is accessed machine (1) lifting to assigned address, making to be placed on pallet (3) in shelf (2) on pallet placed layer (21) and pallet, to access machine (1) corresponding;
B, lever body (15) operation, and pallet (3) is allocated on pallet access machine (1) together with the iron plate (7) be placed on pallet (2) from the pallet placed layer (21) of correspondence;
C, driver train (14) operation, make pallet (3) move on pallet access machine (1) completely;
D, crane (11) lift work again, access machine (1) together with the pallet (3) on it and iron plate (7) lifting to assigned address by pallet;
E, iron plate unloading device (6) operation, move to directly over pallet access machine (1) by iron plate grasping mechanism (63); Then move down movable stand (65), make iron plate sucker (68) and iron plate (7) be adjacent to adhesive; Afterwards again on move movable stand (65), lastblock iron plate (7) most in pallet (3) is taken out;
After f, iron plate grasping mechanism (63) take out iron plate (7), mobile along track (62), iron plate (7) is moved to after formulating position and put down iron plate (7).
CN201510430280.4A 2015-07-21 2015-07-21 Iron plate automatic feeding system and method Active CN105129299B (en)

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CN108545003A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-09-18 芜湖超源力工业设计有限公司 A kind of parts logistics transportation compartment
CN108820871A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-16 芜湖若科自动化科技有限公司 Panel assembly on a kind of steel pallet
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CN105905499A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-08-31 马人欢 Shelf system easy in storage and fetching
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CN111015333B (en) * 2019-12-23 2021-01-26 重庆金华兴门业有限公司 Metal decoration strip cutting device
CN113023202A (en) * 2021-03-08 2021-06-25 佛山市三三得钢业有限公司 Automatic warehouse management device for metal pipes
CN113023202B (en) * 2021-03-08 2022-03-08 佛山市三三得钢业有限公司 Automatic warehouse management device for metal pipes

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