CN105110720A - Modified building residue baking-free brick - Google Patents

Modified building residue baking-free brick Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105110720A
CN105110720A CN201510437567.XA CN201510437567A CN105110720A CN 105110720 A CN105110720 A CN 105110720A CN 201510437567 A CN201510437567 A CN 201510437567A CN 105110720 A CN105110720 A CN 105110720A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dregs
building residue
baking
free brick
cement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510437567.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
荣辉
王雪平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Chengjian University
Original Assignee
Tianjin Chengjian University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin Chengjian University filed Critical Tianjin Chengjian University
Priority to CN201510437567.XA priority Critical patent/CN105110720A/en
Publication of CN105110720A publication Critical patent/CN105110720A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a modified building residue baking-free brick. The modified building residue baking-free brick is prepared from, by mass, 65 to 75% of building residue, 10 to 15% of sand, 5 to 15% of cement, and 2 to 5% of industrial lime. The modified building residue baking-free brick is prepared via following steps: 1) building residue generated in subway construction processes is subjected to simple ball milling so as to obtain building residue powder; 2) the ingredients above are weighed according to the ratio above, and water-solid ratio is controlled to be 0.20 to 0.24; 3) cement, lime, gypsum, and sand are uniformly mixed with the building residue powder, water is added for uniform mixing, an obtained mixed material is subjected to extrusion forming, and curing under natural conditions for 3 to 7 days, is delivered into a drying oven, and is dried to be constant in weight at 40 to 60 DEG C so as to obtain the modified building residue baking-free brick. The modified building residue baking-free brick is cheap; a large amount of building residue can be recycled; environmental pollution and soil waste are reduced; compressive strength is high; water resistance is excellent; the modified building residue baking-free brick is capable of satisfying performance requirements of building bricks, and can be used for replacing sintering clay bricks.

Description

A kind of modification dregs is non-burning brick
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material field, particularly a kind of modification dregs is non-burning brick.
Background technology
Along with the continuous propelling of urbanization process, urban track traffic is the vehicles such as subway, light rail especially, because its facility, safety, traffic capacity are subject to greatly the favor of people.But, along with the construction process of subway, light rail, a large amount of dregs can be produced; According to measuring and calculating, the general subway building total length 30 kilometers, approximately produce dregs more than 450 incomparably, these dregs can fill up about 4 national the Water Cubes.A large amount of dregs can cause a lot of problem in stand-by period: such as, the storage location problem of dregs, and a large amount of dregs needs a lot of spaces, and point selection of dissolving in the past, in suburb, is not only destroyed arable land, also impacted local environment.Also have in addition, air pollution problems inherent, the dust in dregs enters air with the wind, affects urban air-quality.If these dregs adopt, heap is abandoned, landfill or the mode as road foundation filler are discongested, then or contaminate environment, occupy a large amount of soil, or utilization ratio and added value low.
Summary of the invention
In order to improve dregs comprehensive utilization ratio and added value further, it is non-burning brick that the present inventor with dregs is that main raw material is prepared into, and what this brick can be used for that alternate country expressly bans fires clay brick.
The object of this invention is to provide the technology of preparing that a kind of modification dregs is non-burning brick.
The technology of the present invention is realized by following scheme:
The mass percent of each component is: dregs: 65%-75%; Sand: 10%-15%; Cement: 5%-15%; Commercial lime: 2%-5%, water-solid ratio: 0.20-0.24.
In addition, according to different purposes needs, the desulfurated plaster that also can add total amount 0 ~ 5% in such scheme is prepared into non-burning brick.
Described dregs refers to metro shield dregs out, and its essential mineral is quartz, alumina and aluminosilicate mineral, and through ball mill ball milling 30 minutes, specific surface area was 18000m 2/ kg-19000m 2/ kg;
Described cement refers to the general purpose portland cement of 42.5 or 52.5 strength grades;
Described gypsum can be desulfurated plaster; Described lime can be commercial lime.
Modification dregs of the present invention is non-burning brick to be prepared in accordance with the following methods, comprises step:
1) get the dregs produced in subway construction process, make into dregs powder through simple ball milling;
2) each component is got in described ratio, water-solid ratio: 0.20-0.24;
3) cement, lime, gypsum, sand are mixed in dregs, then add water and be mixed evenly; Then, by the material extrusion molding mixed, under field conditions (factors) after maintenance 3-7 days, be placed on and dry to constant weight in 40-60 DEG C of baking oven, to obtain final product.
Advantage and disadvantage of the present invention:
1, the technology of the present invention can utilize more, the solid waste of contaminate environment of dissolving, turn waste into wealth; These solid waste not only contaminate environment, generally also can take large-area soil.
2. can produce certain economic benefit, the interest of promoting enterprise and power when solving problem of environmental pollution, further promoting process and the recycling of solid waste.
3. modification dregs of the present invention is non-burning brick has the good feature of environmental protection.Modification dregs of the present invention non-burning brick preparation process energy consumption is low, and can not produce secondary pollution.
4. high, the water-tolerant of the non-burning brick ultimate compression strength of the present invention, can meet building brick performance requirement, can alternate country policy expressly banned fire clay brick.After the non-burning brick oven dry of modification dregs of the present invention, ultimate compression strength can reach 6MPa-15MPa, and coefficient of softening reaches 0.60-0.90.
5. it is convenient that cost is low, starting material obtain.
Mechanism of the present invention:
The main chemical compositions of dregs is silicon-dioxide, aluminum oxide and calcium oxide, belongs to sial resource.Mineralogical composition is quartz, alumina, aluminosilicate mineral mainly.
The dregs that the present invention utilizes metro shield to produce, be finely ground to after powder with the gelling material such as cement, lime, gypsum and water mixture manufacturing hydrated product etc. by a certain percentage, change pore texture and the cementing material of dregs, cementing from originally physical force each other being leaned on to be converted into mineral hydraulic.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
According to dregs 75%, sand 10%, the massfraction of 42.5 class g cements 13%, lime 2% gets each component, water-solid ratio 0.22.After mixing, be placed on extrusion molding in baking-free brick-making machine, be shapingly placed under natural curing condition maintenance 3 days, be then placed in 60 DEG C of baking ovens and dry to constant weight, subsequently ultimate compression strength, coefficient of softening and thermal conductivity are carried out to the dregs brick prepared.Experimental result: ultimate compression strength 10.1MPa, coefficient of softening 0.86.
Embodiment 2
According to dregs 75%, sand 10%, 42.5 class g cements 10%, the massfraction of lime 2%, gypsum 3% gets each component, water-solid ratio 0.22.After mixing, be placed on extrusion molding in baking-free brick-making machine, be shapingly placed under natural curing condition maintenance 3 days, be then placed in 60 DEG C of baking ovens and dry to constant weight, subsequently ultimate compression strength, coefficient of softening and thermal conductivity are carried out to the dregs brick prepared.Experimental result: ultimate compression strength 6.1MPa, coefficient of softening 0.69.
Embodiment 3
According to dregs 75%, sand 10%, 42.5 class g cements 9%, the massfraction of lime 3%, gypsum 3% gets each component, water-solid ratio 0.22.After mixing, be placed on extrusion molding in baking-free brick-making machine, be shapingly placed under natural curing condition maintenance 3 days, be then placed in 60 DEG C of baking ovens and dry to constant weight, subsequently ultimate compression strength, coefficient of softening and thermal conductivity are carried out to the dregs brick prepared.Experimental result: ultimate compression strength 7.3MPa, coefficient of softening 0.64.
Embodiment 4
According to dregs 70%, sand 10%, 42.5 class g cements 10%, lime 5%, the massfraction of gypsum 5% gets each component, water-solid ratio 0.22.After mixing, be placed on extrusion molding in baking-free brick-making machine, be shapingly placed under natural curing condition maintenance 3 days, be then placed in 60 DEG C of baking ovens and dry to constant weight, subsequently ultimate compression strength, coefficient of softening and thermal conductivity are carried out to the dregs brick prepared.Experimental result: ultimate compression strength 8.3MPa, coefficient of softening 0.67.
Embodiment 5
According to dregs 75%, sand 10%, 42.5 class g cements 5%, lime 5%, the massfraction of gypsum 5% gets each component, water-solid ratio 0.22.After mixing, be placed on extrusion molding in baking-free brick-making machine, be shapingly placed under natural curing condition maintenance 3 days, be then placed in 60 DEG C of baking ovens and dry to constant weight, subsequently ultimate compression strength, coefficient of softening and thermal conductivity are carried out to the dregs brick prepared.Experimental result: ultimate compression strength 6.3MPa, coefficient of softening 0.61.

Claims (3)

1. a modification dregs is non-burning brick, it is characterized in that the mass percent of each component is: dregs: 65%-75%; Sand: 10%-15%; Cement: 5%-15%; Commercial lime: 2%-5%;
Described dregs refers to metro shield dregs out, and through ball mill ball milling 30 minutes, specific surface area was 18000m 2/ kg-19000m 2/ kg, its essential mineral is quartz, alumina and aluminosilicate mineral;
Described cement refers to the general purpose portland cement of 42.5 or 52.5 strength grades.
2. a modification dregs is non-burning brick, it is characterized in that the desulfurated plaster adding its total amount 0 ~ 5% in mass percent component according to claim 1 again.
3. the non-burning brick preparation method of a kind of modification dregs according to claim 1 and 2, comprises step:
1) get the dregs produced in subway construction process, make into dregs powder through simple ball milling;
2) each component is got in described ratio, water-solid ratio: 0.20-0.24;
3) in dregs, be mixed into cement, lime, gypsum, sand, after mixing, then add water and mix; Then the material extrusion molding will mixed, under field conditions (factors) after maintenance 3-7 days, is placed on and dries to constant weight in 40-60 DEG C of baking oven, to obtain final product.
CN201510437567.XA 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 Modified building residue baking-free brick Pending CN105110720A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510437567.XA CN105110720A (en) 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 Modified building residue baking-free brick

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510437567.XA CN105110720A (en) 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 Modified building residue baking-free brick

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105110720A true CN105110720A (en) 2015-12-02

Family

ID=54658887

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510437567.XA Pending CN105110720A (en) 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 Modified building residue baking-free brick

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105110720A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107056240A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-08-18 长沙锦佳环保科技有限公司 A kind of production method of utilization metro shield soil configuration sintered common clay brick
CN107098634A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-08-29 长沙锦佳环保科技有限公司 A kind of metro shield dregs is non-burning brick and production method
CN107162528A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-15 深圳市绿志新型建材研究院有限公司 A kind of remaining body refuse soil is non-burning brick and preparation method thereof
CN107352864A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-11-17 深圳市绿志新型建材研究院有限公司 One kind is modified non-burning brick and preparation method thereof
CN107500649A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-22 招商局蛇口工业区控股股份有限公司 Unburned dregs brick and preparation method thereof and its application
CN108751865A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-06 深圳市为海建材有限公司 Body refuse soil regeneration baking-free brick and preparation method thereof more than a kind of
CN110041037A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-07-23 普定县银丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of non-sintered brick and preparation method thereof containing engineering dregs
CN110698136A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-17 中南大学 Clay stratum foundation pit residue soil baking-free brick and preparation method thereof
CN111205057A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-05-29 深圳港创建材股份有限公司 Pressure forming brick prepared from building residue soil and preparation method thereof
CN111217578A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-06-02 深圳港创建材股份有限公司 Building residue soil light building block and preparation method thereof
CN111233409A (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-06-05 重庆大学 Method for preparing water-permeable non-fired product by utilizing shield muck
CN111393117A (en) * 2020-03-24 2020-07-10 中国建筑第五工程局有限公司 Water-containing undisturbed shield muck baking-free building material and preparation method thereof
CN111393082A (en) * 2020-03-24 2020-07-10 深圳职业技术学院 Muck curing agent

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1053049A (en) * 1990-01-06 1991-07-17 海南省农垦海口机械厂 Non-burning brick compound method
CN102887682A (en) * 2012-09-04 2013-01-23 青岛磊鑫混凝土有限公司 Sintering-free washed-out sand sludge brick and preparation process thereof
CN103172334A (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-06-26 曹凯 Loess baking-free brick and preparation method thereof
CN104326724A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-02-04 天津城建大学 Novel raw-soil baking-free brick and preparation method thereof
CN104402380A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-11 长江南京航道工程局 Curing material based on viscous waste soil, and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1053049A (en) * 1990-01-06 1991-07-17 海南省农垦海口机械厂 Non-burning brick compound method
CN102887682A (en) * 2012-09-04 2013-01-23 青岛磊鑫混凝土有限公司 Sintering-free washed-out sand sludge brick and preparation process thereof
CN103172334A (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-06-26 曹凯 Loess baking-free brick and preparation method thereof
CN104326724A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-02-04 天津城建大学 Novel raw-soil baking-free brick and preparation method thereof
CN104402380A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-11 长江南京航道工程局 Curing material based on viscous waste soil, and preparation method thereof

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107056240A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-08-18 长沙锦佳环保科技有限公司 A kind of production method of utilization metro shield soil configuration sintered common clay brick
CN107098634A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-08-29 长沙锦佳环保科技有限公司 A kind of metro shield dregs is non-burning brick and production method
CN107162528A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-15 深圳市绿志新型建材研究院有限公司 A kind of remaining body refuse soil is non-burning brick and preparation method thereof
CN107352864A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-11-17 深圳市绿志新型建材研究院有限公司 One kind is modified non-burning brick and preparation method thereof
CN107162528B (en) * 2017-06-09 2019-10-18 深圳市绿志新型建材研究院有限公司 A kind of remaining body refuse soil is non-burning brick and preparation method thereof
CN107500649A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-22 招商局蛇口工业区控股股份有限公司 Unburned dregs brick and preparation method thereof and its application
CN108751865A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-06 深圳市为海建材有限公司 Body refuse soil regeneration baking-free brick and preparation method thereof more than a kind of
CN110041037A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-07-23 普定县银丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of non-sintered brick and preparation method thereof containing engineering dregs
CN111233409A (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-06-05 重庆大学 Method for preparing water-permeable non-fired product by utilizing shield muck
CN110698136A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-17 中南大学 Clay stratum foundation pit residue soil baking-free brick and preparation method thereof
CN110698136B (en) * 2019-10-25 2021-09-07 中南大学 Clay stratum foundation pit residue soil baking-free brick and preparation method thereof
CN111205057A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-05-29 深圳港创建材股份有限公司 Pressure forming brick prepared from building residue soil and preparation method thereof
CN111217578A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-06-02 深圳港创建材股份有限公司 Building residue soil light building block and preparation method thereof
CN111393117A (en) * 2020-03-24 2020-07-10 中国建筑第五工程局有限公司 Water-containing undisturbed shield muck baking-free building material and preparation method thereof
CN111393082A (en) * 2020-03-24 2020-07-10 深圳职业技术学院 Muck curing agent

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105110720A (en) Modified building residue baking-free brick
CN102390943B (en) Magnesium phosphate cement prepared by using magnesium oxide byproduct in process of extracting lithium carbonate from salt lake
CN101955349B (en) Sintered permeable environmental-friendly brick produced by using ceramic waste residue and manufacturing method thereof
CN101994283B (en) Steamed ecological water permeable environmentally friendly brick produced by waste ceramic residues and manufacturing method thereof
CN101648402B (en) Method for producing air entrapping building block by utilizing red mud
CN102418308A (en) Water permeable bricks produced by using building waste residue and manufacturing method thereof
CN102584176B (en) Method for preparing ceramic wall and floor tile by utilizing construction waste
CN101708983A (en) Burning-free geology polymer material of red mud coal ash and preparation method thereof
CN102875184B (en) Oil shale residue aerated brick and preparation method thereof
CN105967753B (en) A method of freeze thawing resistance ground water-permeable brick is produced using golden antimony tailing
CN101519896B (en) Vapor-pressing plaster brick and preparation method thereof
CN101386494A (en) Composite gelate material and preparation method thereof
CN102875066A (en) Chromic slag aerated brick and preparation method thereof
CN104355576A (en) Waterproof self-insulation brick and preparation method thereof
CN102942317A (en) Thiophosphate cement
CN103755379B (en) Method of preparing foamed air brick by taking iron tailings as main material
CN102875069A (en) Preparation process for aerated concrete block with raw materials containing modified nano mineral powder
CN102875186A (en) Fluorite slag aerated brick and preparation method thereof
CN108238811A (en) A kind of preparation method of foamed ceramic plates
CN102875191B (en) Preparation process for aerated concrete block
CN102765909B (en) Method for manufacturing aerated hollow bricks by abandoned construction waste
CN103043956A (en) Method for preparing energy-saving wall material by utilizing waste foam glass
CN103726605A (en) Zinc-melting tailing and rock wool composite heat preservation building block and preparation method thereof
CN105367020A (en) Novel anti-crack sinter-free energy-saving type water-permeable tile
CN104724965A (en) Method for preparing raw soil material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20151202

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication