CN105058173A - CNC linkage integrated equipment - Google Patents

CNC linkage integrated equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105058173A
CN105058173A CN201510484236.1A CN201510484236A CN105058173A CN 105058173 A CN105058173 A CN 105058173A CN 201510484236 A CN201510484236 A CN 201510484236A CN 105058173 A CN105058173 A CN 105058173A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
splice
material
machine
cnc
robot
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CN201510484236.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢彪
朱巍
魏蔚
冷勇
徐大刚
杨明
刘宇
罗文华
周辉
曹青山
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深圳市美思美科智能科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510484236.1A priority Critical patent/CN105058173A/en
Publication of CN105058173A publication Critical patent/CN105058173A/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q41/00Combinations or associations of metal-working machines not directed to a particular result according to classes B21, B23, or B24
    • B23Q41/02Features relating to transfer of work between machines

Abstract

The invention relates to CNC linkage integrated equipment. The CNC linkage integrated equipment comprises a supply device, a receiving device, a manipulator rail and a machine tool system, wherein the two ends of the manipulator rail are respectively connected with the supply device and the receiving device, and penetrate through the whole machine tool system; the machine tool system comprises multiple general machine tools; all the general machine tools are serially connected; the material transportation among the machine tools is realized through the manipulator rail; all the general machine tools in the machine tool system transfer materials through manipulators; the multiple manipulators on the manipulator rail perform a reciprocating motion to finish the transfer of the materials on a whole production line; the materials linearly flow on the whole production line without shifting outside the CNC linkage integrated equipment; and the design enables the CNC linkage integrated equipment to realize unmanned factory management to a certain extent.

Description

一种GNG联动一体化设备 GNG one kind of linkage integration equipment

【技术领域】 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种一体化设备,尤其涉及一种带有多个独立机床的CNC联动一体化设备。 [0001] The present invention relates to an integrated device, CNC particularly to a machine tool having a plurality of individual integrated interlocking device.

【背景技术】 【Background technique】

[0002]自从1952年美国麻省理工学院研制出世界上第一台CNC(计算机数字控制机床,Computer numerical control)以来,数控机床在制造工业,特别是在汽车、航空航天、以及军事工业中被广泛地应用,数控技术无论在硬件和软件方面,都有了飞速的发展,数控机床的发展也带动了现有加工业的不断进步,机加工的效率得到了较大幅度的提升。 [0002] Since 1952, Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed the first CNC (computer numerical control machine tools, Computer numerical control) the world since, CNC machine tools in the manufacturing industry, particularly in the automotive, aerospace and military industries are widely used, digital technology both in hardware and software, there has been rapid development, the development of CNC machine tools has also led to advances in existing processing industry, machining efficiency has been more substantial upgrade.

[0003] 可是单个机床可以安装的刀具数量是有限的,通常情况下机床都为三刀加工,且隔一段时间需要对机床中的刀具进行更换处理,更换新刀具之后需要对机床整体重新进行位置的调整和设备的调试,上述过程需要较大的人力和财力成本。 [0003] However, the number of individual machine tools can be installed is limited, it is necessary to re-position the whole machine after replacement of the tool are normally Mito processing machine, and from time to time in the machine tool requires replacement process, adjustment and commissioning of equipment, this requires greater human and financial costs. 由于单个机床的加工刀具有限,所以待加工产品往往需要多次放置在不同的机床中,或者在单个机床中更换多次刀具来进行完整的加工处理,过程繁琐而且稳定性差,不利于工业生产。 Since the individual working tool machine is limited, so often they require multiple products to be processed are placed in different machines, or replaced several times in a single machine tool to complete the processing, the process cumbersome and poor stability and is industrially disadvantageous.

[0004] 即便数控机床设备近些年得到了较为快速的发展,可还是无法满足工业生产对效率、成本方面的要求,而且数控机床的维护费用高,换一次刀具的成本也较大,所以种种因素都制约着数控机床和机加工行业的发展,怎样提高数控机床的加工效率,降低设备的维护及延长更换刀具的时间是本领域技术人员非常关注的事情,若在此方面有较好的突破,必将对数控机床行业带来不同方面的影响。 [0004] Even CNC machine tools in recent years has been more rapid development, industrial production still can not meet the requirements of efficiency, cost, and high maintenance costs CNC machine tools, for once the tool cost is also large, so all kinds of factors restricting the development of CNC machine tools and machining industry, how to improve the processing efficiency of CNC machine tools, reducing maintenance time and extend the tool change equipment is a matter of great concern to those of skill, if there is a good breakthrough in this regard It is bound to affect different aspects of numerical control machine tool industry.

【发明内容】 [SUMMARY]

[0005] 为克服现有技术数控机床在设备维护,运行效率方面存在的不足,本发明提供一种联合多个普通机床及高精机的CNC联动一体化设备。 [0005] In order to overcome the prior art CNC machine maintenance, there is a lack of operating efficiency, the present invention provides a combined machine tool and a plurality of common high-precision CNC machines integrated interlocking device.

[0006] 本发明解决技术问题的方案是提供一种CNC联动一体化设备,该CNC联动一体化设备包括一供料装置、接料装置、机械手轨道和一机床系统,所述机械手轨道两端分别连接供料装置和接料装置且贯通整个机床系统,所述机床系统包括复数个普通机床,各普通机床串联在一起,通过机械手轨道实现机床之间物料的运送,所述机床系统中的各普通机床都通过一机械手传递物料,机械手轨道上的多个机械手往复运动,完成物料在整条生产线上的转移,物料在整个生产线中的流动呈一条线流动,不移出此CNC联动一体化设备。 [0006] The present invention for solving the technical problem is to provide a CNC linkage integrated device, the device comprising a CNC linkage integrated supply device, then feeding device, a robot and machine tool system of rails, each rail of the robot ends and access means connected to the feed through the feeding device and the entire system of the machine, said machine tool system comprising a plurality of general machine tools, each general machine tools connected in series, to achieve the transportation of materials between the machine track by the robot, the machine tool system, each of the ordinary machine are transmitted through a robot material, a plurality of robots reciprocate in the robot tracks the completion of the transfer of materials in the entire production line, the material flows in the entire production line in the form of a line flow, not removed from this CNC linkage integration equipment.

[0007] 优选地,所述机械手轨道贯穿所有串联设置的普通机床。 [0007] Preferably, the manipulator all common rail through the machine in series.

[0008] 优选地,所述供料装置包括一升降设备和一物料柜,物料柜连接升降设备且随着升降设备实现高度的调整。 [0008] Preferably, said feed means comprising a lifting device and a counter material, material and equipment cabinet is connected with the lifting height adjustment lifting device implementation.

[0009] 优选地,所述供料装置进一步包括复数个物料托盘,物料柜包括复数个等间距的隔层结构,各隔层结构所形成的空间中放置物料托盘。 [0009] Preferably, said feed means further comprising a plurality of pallet material, barrier material cabinet comprising a plurality of equally spaced configuration, each spatial placement tray material formed in the spacer structure.

[0010] 优选地,所述供料装置进一步包括一去程气缸和一回程气缸,去程气缸和回程气缸相互配合,作用于物料托盘且使得物料托盘实现位置的调整。 [0010] Preferably, said feed means further comprises a drive cylinder and a return to the cylinder, the cylinder and return the process to the cylinder cooperating, such that acting on the material tray and the tray material to achieve position adjustment.

[0011] 优选地,所述机械手包括一固定板、滑动电机和一吸料头,滑动电机带动机械手在机械手轨道上往复移动。 [0011] Preferably, the robot comprises a fixed plate, a sled motor and suction head slide motor driven robot manipulator reciprocate on rails.

[0012] 优选地,所述接料装置包括一接料支撑架、接料去程气缸、接料回程气缸、接料升降支架、接料托盘、接料柜和一接料工作架,接料柜中均匀堆叠着多个接料托盘,接料托盘间的距离相等,且平稳放置在接料柜的等间距隔层结构中,接料托盘中均匀设置有多个用于放置物料的接料凹槽,接料升降支架安装在接料支撑架上,在电机的驱动下,接料升降支架在接料支撑架上上下移动。 [0012] Preferably, said means comprises a splice splice support frame splice outbound cylinder, return cylinder splice, splice lifting bracket, splice tray, splice cabinets and a staging splice, splice stacking a plurality of uniformly cabinet splice trays, equal to the distance between the splice trays, disposed in an equal pitch and smooth barrier splice cabinet structure, the splice tray is provided with a plurality of evenly placed for splicing material recess, mounted on the lifting bracket splice splice support frame, driven by the motor, the splice in the splice holder moving down the support frame vertical.

[0013] 与现有技术相比,本发明CNC联动一体化设备通过设置一供料装置、接料装置、机械手轨道和一机床系统,机械手轨道分别连接供料装置和接料装置,机床系统中设置多个独立的普通机床,各普通机床通过机械手轨道实现串联,这样的设计使得整个CNC联动一体化设备实现供料、加工、接料的全部过程,机床系统中的多个普通机床可以对物料进行不同程度的加工,通过管控加工流程,经过机床系统的物料可以实现完全加工,一次性加工,基本上达到一体化流程,减少了常规加工流程中的人工操作,节省了成本,由于各普通机床可以安装不同的刀具,这也大大扩展了本发明CNC联动一体化设备可以一次性加工产品的范围,不需要中途更换刀具,提高了加工效率。 [0013] Compared with the prior technology, CNC linkage of the present invention by providing a device integrated supply device, then feeding device, rails and a robot tool system, rail manipulator and are connected to supply means splice apparatus, the machine system a plurality of independent general machine tools, each general machine tools implemented by the robot track series, this design makes the integration of the entire CNC linkage feeding device implementation, processing, a plurality of general machine tools can process all the material of the bonding material, the machine system different degrees of processing, by the control processing flow, the machine through the material processing system may be implemented completely, one-time processing, to achieve substantially the integration process, a conventional machining process is reduced manual operations, cost savings, since each general machine tools different tool can be installed, which greatly expands the range of the present invention may be a disposable device integrated CNC linkage processed products, eliminates a need to replace the tool, improving the processing efficiency.

[0014] 机械手轨道贯通整个机床系统,多个机械手在机械手轨道上往复运动,实现物料从供料装置到一号机床、二号机床、三号机床、高精机和接料装置的物料运输,通过时间上的管控和调整,可以完全实现不间断运行,不间断生产,提高整体加工效率。 [0014] robot track through the entire machine tool system, a plurality of robotic manipulator reciprocate on the rail, the material achieved from the supply means to the material handling machine on the 1st, the 2nd machine, the 3rd machine tools, high precision machine and splice apparatus, by control and adjustment time, uninterrupted operation can be fully realized, uninterrupted production, to improve the overall processing efficiency.

[0015] 供料装置和接料装置采用相同的结构,其内部的供料升降支架可以带动物料整体上移和下移,供料去程气缸和供料回程气缸的设置,确保物料被自动推送到设定的位置等待后续处理,完整的实现了供料的自动化,提高了加工效率。 [0015] The feeding device and the feeding device connected to the same configuration, its internal holder can drive feed elevator moving up and down the overall material, feed cylinder and the feed path to the return of the cylinder is provided to ensure that the material is automatically pushed to the set position to wait for subsequent processing, full automated feeding and improve the processing efficiency.

[0016] CNC联动一体化设备在一定程度上可以实现工厂的无人化管理,工作人员只需放置好物料到供料装置,调整不同物料的加工时间即可,加工完成后,物料都被转移到接料装置,工作人员只需在接料装置处拿走加工完毕的物料。 [0016] CNC linkage integration equipment can be achieved to some extent unmanned management facility, staff only good material supply means disposed to adjust the processing time can be different materials, the processing is completed, the transfer material are means to splice, splice staff simply finished processing means take the material.

【附图说明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备的结构不意图。 [0017] FIG. 1 is a CNC linkage of the present invention is not intended to be an integrated structure of the apparatus.

[0018] 图2是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备中两台机床的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a CNC linkage of the present invention in integrated plant of two machines.

[0019] 图3是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备的机械手的结构示意图。 [0019] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure of a robot according to the present invention is an integrated device CNC linkage.

[0020] 图4是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备的供料装置和一号机床的结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the feeding device and the 1st structure of a machine tool according to the present invention is an integrated device CNC linkage.

[0021]图5是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备的供料装置的结构示意图。 [0021] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a feed apparatus according to the present invention is an integrated device CNC linkage.

[0022]图6是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备的物料柜的结构示意图。 [0022] FIG. 6 is a schematic structure of a CNC linkage of the present invention is an integrated device material cabinet.

[0023]图7是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备中接料装置和高精机的结构示意图。 [0023] FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of an integrated apparatus and a high splice device of the present invention is a precision machine CNC linkage.

[0024]图8是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备中接料装置的结构示意图。 [0024] FIG. 8 is a structural diagram of a CNC linkage of the present invention in integrated plant material receiving device.

[0025] 图9是本发明一种CNC联动一体化设备内部的电气系统图。 [0025] FIG. 9 is a view of an electrical system of the present invention is an integrated device inside CNC linkage.

【具体实施方式】 【Detailed ways】

[0026] 为了使本发明的目的,技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施实例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0026] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent, the following embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and examples, the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0027] 请参阅图1,本发明CNC联动一体化设备I包括一供料装置13、接料装置15、机械手轨道17和机床系统11,机床系统11位于供料装置13和接料装置15之间,且机床系统11包括均勾并列设置的一号机床111、二号机床113、三号机床115和一高精机117,机械手轨道17贯通机床系统11,并且两端分别连接供料装置13和接料装置15,生产加工过程中,物料经由供料装置13依次经过一号机床111、二号机床113、三号机床115和一高精机117最终到达接料装置15,各机床依次对物料进行加工处理,实现物料的连续不间断加工,体现联动的概念。 [0027] Referring to FIG. 1, CNC the invention linkage integration apparatus I comprises a supply device 13 and the splice device 15 of a feeding device 13, material receiving means 15, the robot track 17 and the machine tool system 11, the machine tool system 11 is located room, and the machine tool system 11 includes One hook 111 are arranged in parallel, the machine 113 II, III 115 and a high-precision machine tools machine 117, the robot tool system 11 through the track 17, and both ends are connected to supply means 13 and then feeding device 15, the production process, the material feeding device 13 via One machine 111 sequentially passes through, the machine II 113, III 115, and a high-precision machine tools machine 117 final splice apparatus 15, each of the machine sequentially materials for processing, to achieve uninterrupted processing of materials, reflecting the concept of linkage.

[0028] 本发明CNC联动一体化设备I将多个独立的机床串联在一起,一端利用供料装置13供料,另一端利用接料装置15收集加工好的产品,经过整个机床系统11的产品能得到一次性完整不间断的加工,不需要人为中途拆卸,大大节省了人力,提高了效率,并且保证了整个加工过程的稳定。 [0028] CNC linkage of the present invention a plurality of separate integrated equipment I in series with the machine, using a feed end of the feed means 13, the other end of the feeding device 15 using a bonding collecting processed products, the machine system 11 over the entire to get the full-time continuous process, with no human way demolition, significant savings in manpower, improve efficiency, and ensure the stability of the entire machining process.

[0029] 请参阅图2,CNC联动一体化设备I中机床系统11的一号机床111包括一号机床架1111、一号加工头1115、一号物料台1113和一号机械手1117,一号机械手1117设置在机械手轨道17上,位于一号机床111的右侧,同理,二号机床113包括二号机床架1131、二号加工头1135、二号物料台1133和二号机械手1137,二号机械手1137同样在机械手轨道17上移动。 [0029] Referring to FIG. 2, CNC linkage of the integrated equipment I 11 One machine tool system 111 includes a machine frame 1111 One, One processing head 1115, table 1113 and the material One One robot 1117, One robot 1117 is provided to the robot track 17, the machine 111 located on the right One, empathy, II II machine tool 113 comprises a frame 1131, a machining head 1135 II, II and II materials manipulator station 1133 1137 II 1137 mobile robot manipulator, on the same track 17. 两台机床通过机械手轨道17实现连接,实际生产过程中,一号机械手1117和二号机械手1137的往复运动,可以使得物料经过一号机床111的加工处理后及时被运送到二号机床113的二号物料台1133进行又一次的加工处理。 Two machines are connected by the robot to realize the track 17, the actual production process, the reciprocating motion of the robot One and No. 1117 of the robot 1137 can be made after the material processed in time One tool 111 is conveyed into the machine two 113 II No material processing station 1133 again.

[0030] 请参阅图3,二号机械手1117包括一固定板11171、滑动电机11173、吸头驱动气缸11175、吸料头11177和吸头滑轨11179,滑动电机11173固定在固定板11171上,滑动电机11173驱动二号机械手1117在机械手轨道17上往复移动,吸料头11177设置在吸头滑轨11179之上,当需要下移取料时,在吸头驱动气缸11175的驱动下,吸料头11177下移,到达物料位置,开启真空吸附,吸取住物料后,吸料头11177上移,完成吸料动作。 [0030] Referring to FIG. 3, the 2nd manipulator 1117 comprises a fixed plate 11171, 11173 sled motor, the nozzle driving cylinder 11175, 11177 suction head and the suction head rail 11179, 11173 sled motor fixed to the fixing plate 11171, a slide motor 11173 drives the 2nd robot 1117 is reciprocated in the robot track 17, 11177 suction head disposed above the suction head rail 11179, when required reclaimer down, driven by the nozzle driving cylinder 11175 and suction head 11,177 down, reaches the position of the material, the vacuum suction is turned on, the suction living material, the suction head 11 177 move, suction operation is completed.

[0031] 请参阅图4至图6,供料装置13通过机械手轨道17与一号机床111联通在一起,实际生产过程中,在控制系统(图未示)的控制下,一号机械手1117移动到供料装置13位置下移后吸取物料,然后沿着机械手轨道17移动到一号物料台1113处放置物料,放置完物料后最终返回到设定在一号机床111和供料装置13之间的初始位置,完成一次取料的过程。 [0031] Please refer to FIG. 4 to FIG. 6, the feeding device 13 by the robot 17 and the rails together Unicom One machine 111, the actual production process, under the control of a control system (not shown), the robot 1117 moves One after the feed means 13 to the position after the downward suction material, and then move the hand along the rails 17 to station 1113 One material placed material, eventually returned to the finished material is placed at the first set 111 and the machine between the feeding devices 13 initial position, to complete the process of a reclaimer.

[0032] 供料装置13包括一供料支撑架131、供料去程气缸133、供料回程气缸132、供料升降支架134、物料托盘135、物料柜136和一供料工作架137,物料柜136中均匀堆叠着多个物料托盘135,物料托盘135间的距离相等,且平稳放置在物料柜136的等间距隔层结构1361中,物料柜136中的隔层结构1361使得物料不会相互接触,确保物料的完整,物料托盘135中均匀设置有多个用于放置物料的物料凹槽1351,供料升降支架134安装在供料支撑架131上,在电机的驱动下,可以在供料支撑架131上上下移动,实际生产过程中,将物料柜136和供料升降支架134临时连接,当供料升降支架134上下移动时,即可带动物料柜136同时上下移动。 [0032] The feed means 13 comprises a feed support frame 131, to drive the feed cylinder 133, the cylinder 132 return feed, feed lifting bracket 134, the material tray 135, 136 and a material supply cabinet frame work 137, the material cabinet 136 homogeneous material stacking a plurality of trays 135, equal to the distance between the material tray 135, and smooth the material is placed in the cabinet like structure 1361 pitch spacer 136, barrier material structure 1361 such that the counter 136 is not material to each other contacting the material to ensure complete, uniform material tray 135 is provided with a plurality of grooves 1351 in placing material material, feeding the lifting bracket 134 is mounted on a feed support bracket 131, driven by the motor, the feed may be vertical movement, the actual production process, the material feed counter 136 and the lifting bracket 134 connected to a temporary support frame 131, when the elevator moves up and down the feed 134, 136 to drive the counter while the material moves up and down.

[0033] 当开始对某一物料托盘135中的物料进行加工处理时,供料升降支架134带动物料柜136到达供料去程气缸133和供料回程气缸132的位置高度,供料去程气缸133推动物料托盘135运动到供料工作架137上,当物料托盘135中的物料完全被吸取完毕之后,供料回程气缸132推动物料托盘135返回到物料柜136中的初始位置,完成对此物料托盘135中物料的处理,当需要进行下一轮循环时,只需供料升降支架134上移一个隔层结构1361的行程,使得另一装满物料的物料托盘135上升到供料去程气缸133和供料回程气缸132的位置高度,即可开始下一循环过程,当物料柜136中的所有物料托盘135都处理完毕后,物料柜136整体上移的高度为物料柜136本体的高度,最开始位于物料柜136最底层的物料托盘135最后位于供料去程气缸133和供料回程气缸132的位置高度。 [0033] When starting a material to be processed in the material tray 135, the elevator 134 to drive the feed material feed counter 136 reaches the drive cylinder 133 to feed and return the height position of the cylinder 132 of the feed cylinder to drive 133 tray 135 is moved to push the material 137, the material after the material in the tray 135 is drawn completely finished, return feed cylinder 132 pushing the material feed tray 135 returns to the initial staging position cabinet material 136, the completion of this material material processing tray 135, when the next cycle is required, only a shift feed spacer structure lifting stroke of the holder 134 1361, filled with another material such that the material tray 135 is raised to the supply cylinder to drive 133 and return the height position of the feed cylinder 132, to begin the next cycle, when all the material in the tray 135 materials cabinet 136 have been processed, the material of the counter 136 shifts the overall height of the cabinet 136 to a height of the body material, initially located in the bottom of the tray 135 materials cabinet material 136 is located in the last outbound feed cylinder 133 and the height position of the feed cylinder 132 return.

[0034] 请参阅图7,接料装置15通过机械手轨道17和高精机117联通,高精机机械手1177在机械手轨道17上往复移动,经过高精机117处理后的物料被高精机机械手1177运输给接料装置15,高精机117包括一高精机机架1171,高精机加工头1175、高精机物料台1173和上述高精机机械手1177。 [0034] Please refer to FIG. 7, the material receiving means 15 117 Unicom by the robot track 17 and a high-precision machines, high-precision machine manipulator 1177 is reciprocated in the robot track 17, through the material after the high-precision machine 117 process is a robot high Seiki transport means 1177 to the splice 15, high-precision machine 117 includes a machine frame 1171 high-precision, high-precision machining head 1175, high-precision machine materials table 1173, and the high-precision machine manipulator 1177.

[0035] 请参阅图8,接料装置15和供料装置13的结构相同,同样包括一接料支撑架151、接料回程气缸152、接料去程气缸(图未示)、接料升降支架154、接料柜156、接料工作架157和复数个接料托盘155,同理,接料托盘155中设置有多个放置物料用的接料凹槽1551,经过整个机床系统11加工后的物料通过高精机机械手1177运送到接料装置15中的接料工作架157上,接料回程气缸152驱动接料托盘155运行到接料柜156中,接料柜156同样具有等间距的用于放置接料托盘155的隔层结构1561,当某一接料托盘155完全放置好物料后,接料柜156整体上移一隔层结构1561的高度,接料去程气缸驱动一新的接料托盘155到接料工作架157进行下一工作流程。 [0035] Referring to FIG. 8, the same material receiving means 13 of the structure 15 and the supply means also comprises a support bracket 151 splice, splice return cylinder 152, outbound splicing cylinders (not shown), the lifting splice bracket 154, counter 156 splice, splice work frame 157 and a plurality of splice trays 155, Similarly, the splice tray 155 is provided with a plurality of splice material disposed recess 1551, through the whole tool system 11 after processing material by conveying high-precision machine manipulator 1177 to splice device 15 splicing work shelf 157, splice return cylinder 152 driving splice tray 155 moves to splice cabinet 156, the splice cabinet 156 also has equispaced splice for placing spacer structure 155 of the tray 1561, when a splice tray 155 is placed completely good material, a splice cabinet height for the spacer structure 156 1561 whole splicing process to a new cylinder drive splice splice tray 155 to 157 for the next frame work workflow.

[0036] 请参阅图9,本发明CNC联动一体化设备I的内部电气系统使得各部件能够有序,稳定的运行,当开始进行生产时,启动设备,PLC接收到系统传感器传输的机械手位置信息、气缸位置信息、各机床中物料信息等各项信息并进行逻辑运算处理,PLC输出信号给供料伺服驱动器,供料伺服驱动器输出脉冲信号给供料电机继电器和供料气缸继电器,供料继电器驱动供料装置13中供料升降支架134的供料伺服电机,供料伺服电机的运行使得供料升降支架134带动物料柜136上下移动,当物料托盘135上升到预设位置时,供料气缸继电器输出信号给供料气缸电磁阀,供料去程气缸133和供料回程气缸132相继运行,推动物料托盘135到工作位置,物料托盘135放置到位后,传感器将感应到的物料状况信息传输给PLC,PLC同样输出信号给机械手伺服驱动器,机械手伺服驱动器输出信 [0036] Referring to FIG. 9, CNC linkage of the present invention is an integrated internal electrical apparatus I such that each of the system components can be ordered, stable operation, when starting production, the initiator, PLC received location information to the robot transfer system sensors , various items of information cylinder position information, each of the material in the machine information and logical operation processing, PLC output signal to the feed servo drive the feed servo driver outputs a pulse signal to the feed motor relay and the supply cylinder relay, feed relays driving feed means 13 feed the elevator feed servo motor 134, the feed operation of the servo motor 134 such that the feed driven lifting bracket 136 moves up and down counters material, when the material tray 135 up to the preset position, the feed cylinder material status information transmission relay output signal to the feed cylinder solenoid valves, the feed to the drive cylinders 133 and feeding the return cylinder 132 have run, pushing the material pallet 135 to the operating position, after the material tray 135 is in place, the sensor will sense to give PLC, PLC outputs the same signal to the robot servo drives, robot drives an output signal to the servo 给机械手电机继电器和机械手气缸继电器,相应的机械手伺服电机和机械手气缸电磁阀运行,驱动机械手在机械手轨道17上移动以及吸料头11177的吸料动作。 A robot manipulator cylinder motor relay and relays, the respective robot servo motors and the robot cylinder operation of the solenoid, the driving robot movement and the suction operation of suction 11177 material head rail 17 in the robot. 机械手将物料放置在治具中的物料台上,PLC输出信号给治具伺服驱动器,治具伺服驱动器相继发出命令给吹气电磁阀继电器和治具气缸继电器,分别驱动吹气电磁阀和气缸电磁阀,完成物料的清洁和夹紧操作。 Robot The material is placed in the jig in the material stage, PLC output signal to the jig servo drive, fixture servo driver sequentially issues a command to blow the electromagnetic valve relay and the jig cylinder relays, each solenoid valve is driven and the cylinder electromagnetic blowing valves, cleaning materials and clamping operation is completed.

[0037] 机械手将加工完毕的物料放置在接料托盘155中后,传感器同样将物料信息传递给PLC,PLC输出信号给接料伺服驱动器,接料伺服驱动器输出脉冲信号给接料电机继电器和接料气缸继电器,接料电机继电器驱动接料装置15中接料升降支架154的电机,接料气缸继电器驱动接料气缸电磁阀运行,接料回程气缸152和接料去程气缸相继运行,同样,电机的运行使得接料升降支架154带动接料柜156上下移动。 [0037] The robot will be finished processing the material is placed in the splice tray 155, the sensor likewise pass material information to the PLC, PLC output signal to the splicing servo drives, splice servo driver outputs a pulse signal to the splice motor relay and the ground feed cylinder relay, then feeding motor relay drive splicing device 15 splicing the lifting motor bracket 154, and then feed cylinder relay driving contact of the feed cylinder operation of the solenoid, splice return cylinder 152 and splice outbound cylinder successive runs, the same, such that operation of the motor 154 to drive the lifting bracket splice splice cabinet 156 moves up and down.

[0038] 为了更清晰的表述本发明CNC联动一体化设备I的具体工作流程,以下对其工作流程做进一步的讲述: [0038] In order to more clearly express specific workflow CNC linkage of the present invention is an integrated device I, the following further describes its workflow:

[0039] 加工开始之前,将放置多个物料托盘135的物料柜136推入供料装置13中,物料托盘135的物料凹槽1351中放置满待加工的物料,将物料柜136和供料升降支架134连接在一起,启动供料升降支架134,使得供料升降支架134带着物料柜136上升一个预定的高度,直到最顶层物料托盘135位于供料去程气缸133和供料回程气缸132的位置高度,供料去程气缸133运行,推动物料托盘135滑出物料柜136的隔层结构1361,到达供料工作架137上方,一号机械手1117在滑动电机11173的驱动下运行到供料工作架137上方,吸头驱动气缸11175工作,驱动吸料头11177沿着吸头滑轨11179下移到物料位置,开启真空吸附,吸取好物料的吸料头11177进而在吸头驱动气缸11175的带动下上行到一号机床111的一号物料台1113上方,吸头驱动气缸11175工作,吸料头11177下移放置物料在一号物料台1113上,放置好物料后 [0039] Before processing begins, placing a plurality of trays material material 135 is pushed into the cabinet 136 feeding device 13, the material is placed over the material to be machined recess 1351135 tray material in the feed material down counters 136 and bracket 134 are connected together, the elevator 134 to start feeding, the lifting bracket 134 such that the feed material cabinet 136 with a predetermined height rise, until the topmost tray 135 is located in the material feed cylinder 133 and to process return feed cylinder 132 height position, the feed cylinder 133 to drive operation, the tray 135 materials promote slipping barrier material structure 1361136 of the cabinet, above the feed reaches the work frame 137, the manipulator 1117 One feed operation to work in driving the slide motor 11173 the upper frame 137, the nozzle driving cylinder working 11175, 11177 driven suction head moves along the lower rail tip position 11179 material, vacuum suction opening, suction heads suction a good material 11177 in turn drives the suction head of a cylinder driven 11175 after the material up to the top of the 1st stage 1113 the 1st machine 111, the nozzle driving cylinder working 11175, 11177 down suction head is placed on the material on the 1st stage 1113 materials, good material is placed 料头11177上移,一号机械手1117回到位于一号机床111和供料装置13之间的初始位置,等待下一行程。 Move feedblock 11177, 1117 Back One robotic machines 111 and number one is located in an initial position between the feeding apparatus 13, waits for the next stroke. 一号机床111加工完毕物料之后,停留在一号机床111和二号机床113之间的二号机械手1137沿着机械手轨道17移动到一号物料台1113上方,吸取被一号机床111加工完毕的物料,然后返回到二号机床113的二号物料台1133上方,继续放置物料到二号物料台1133,放置好物料后二号机械手1137返回到一号机床111和二号机床113之间的初始位置,等待下一重复流程。 After the completion of the 1st material processing machine 111, the machine stays at the first 111 and II machine on the 2nd robot between 1,131,137 mobile robot along the track 17 above the material to the 1st stage 1113 draw was completed on the 1st processing machine 111 the 2nd robot returns to the original 1137 machine 13 between the first 111 and No. 113 machine after the material, and then return to the 2nd material above 1133 units on the 2nd machine 113, the material to continue to place the material on the 2nd stage 1133, placing good materials position, waiting for the next process is repeated. 经过二号机床113加工完毕的物料依据同样的方法和流程被运送到三号机床115,被三号机床115加工后进而转移到最后的高精机117,进行最后的高精确度加工处理,经过整个机床系统11加工完毕的物料到达接料装置15,最终被完整的放置在接料装置15中的接料柜156中,完成整个的自动一体化加工流程。 After completion of the 2nd material processing machine 113 according to the same methods and procedures are transported to the 3rd machine 115, is further transferred to the final high-precision machine tool 115 after the 3rd processing 117, the final high-precision processing, after machine finished processing the entire system 11 reaches the bonding material feeding device 15, eventually the complete splice cabinet 156 disposed in the splice apparatus 15, the automatic integration to complete the process flow.

[0040] 由于将多个普通机床串联在一起,同时工作,所以在加工效率上,相比常规的加工能够在较大程度上节省时间,实现自动化,智能化。 [0040] Since the plurality of general machine tools connected in series, simultaneously, so the processing efficiency, compared with the conventional processing time can be saved to a large extent, automated, intelligent. 将多台CNC联动一体化设备I通过Internet联通位于远端的数据处理中心,通过远端操控实现对各独立CNC联动一体化设备I的数据的传输和共享,可以精确的了解设备的运行状况和产品的生产加工情况,以便合理的调整生产或对产品的追踪等,较好的实现物联网概念,同样也可以利用远程自检及远程诊断实现对各独立CNC联动一体化设备I的检测和诊断操作,经CNC联动一体化设备I加工过的物料数量等信息都可以及时通过网络传输到数据处理中心,在产量的计算等方面实现自动化,有效的提高生产和管理效率。 The CNC linkage plurality of integrated devices through the Internet I Unicom located remote data processing center, through a remote control to realize the data transmission and sharing of each individual integrated interlocking CNC device I, the operating status of the apparatus can accurately understand and production processing conditions, in order to adjust the production reasonable tracking of products or the like, it is preferred to achieve the concept of things, also a remote self-test can be used to achieve linkage and integration of remote diagnosis device I for detection and diagnosis of each individual CNC operation, the I number of processed materials and the like can be timely transmission of information via the CNC linkage integrated device via a network to a data processing center for automated production in calculating the like, effectively improve the efficiency of production and management. 当各个机床的加工时间相等的时候,机床系统11中的各机械手可以实现同步运行,即同时向一个方向实现转移物料或者吸取物料的工作流程,这样的情况就可以大大缩短加工时间,同步运行可以方便工作人员的管控,实现智能化。 When equal to the processing time of each machine when 11 of the machine tool system of each robot can achieve synchronous operation, i.e., while achieving the transfer material in one direction or suction workflow material, such a situation can be greatly shorten the processing time, synchronous operation can convenient control staff, intelligent. 实际生产过程中,还可以灵活改变普通机床的数量,以满足更多的需求,在更大的程度上实现联动概念。 The actual production process, but also the flexibility to change the number of general machine tools to meet more demand, the concept of linkage to achieve a greater degree.

[0041] 与现有技术相比,本发明CNC联动一体化设备I通过设置一供料装置13、接料装置15、机械手轨道17和一机床系统11,机械手轨道17分别连接供料装置13和接料装置15,机床系统11中设置多个独立的普通机床,各普通机床通过机械手轨道17实现串联,这样的设计使得整个CNC联动一体化设备I实现供料、加工、接料的全部过程,机床系统11中的多个普通机床可以对物料进行不同程度的加工,通过管控加工流程,经过机床系统11的物料可以实现完全加工,一次性加工,基本上达到一体化流程,减少了常规加工流程中的人工操作,节省了成本,由于各普通机床可以安装不同的刀具,这也大大扩展了本发明CNC联动一体化设备I可以一次性加工产品的范围,不需要中途更换刀具,提高了加工效率。 [0041] Compared with the prior technology, CNC linkage integrated apparatus provided by the present invention a I supply means 13, material receiving means 15, a robot 17 and a machine track system 11, a robot 17 are connected to the supply rail 13 and means splice apparatus 15, a plurality of tool system 11 is provided independently of general machine tools, each general machine tools implemented by the robot track 17 in series, this design makes the whole device I CNC linkage achieve integration feed processing, the entire process of the splice, the machine tool system 11 may be a plurality of general machine tools for machining materials to varying degrees, by the control processing flow, the material through the machine system 11 may be implemented fully processed, one-time processing, the integration process to achieve substantially reduces conventional processing flow in manual operation, cost savings, since each general machine tool can be installed in different, which greatly expands the range of the present invention is an integrated CNC linkage processing apparatus I may be disposable products, eliminates a need to replace the tool, improving the processing efficiency .

[0042] 机械手轨道17贯通整个机床系统11,多个机械手在机械手轨道17上往复运动,实现物料从供料装置13到一号机床111、二号机床113、三号机床115、高精机117和接料装置15的物料运输,通过时间上的管控和调整,可以完全实现不间断运行,不间断生产,提高整体加工效率。 [0042] The robot 17 through the entire rail machine tool system 11, a plurality of robot manipulator in the reciprocating rail 17, the material achieved from 13 to 111 One machine feeding apparatus, the machine 113 II, III machine 115, high-precision machine 117 splice and material handling apparatus 15, and by adjusting the control time, uninterrupted operation can be fully realized, uninterrupted production, to improve the overall processing efficiency.

[0043] 供料装置13和接料装置15采用相同的结构,其内部的供料升降支架134可以带动物料整体上移和下移,供料去程气缸133和供料回程气缸132的设置,确保物料被自动推送到设定的位置等待后续处理,完整的实现了供料的自动化,提高了加工效率。 [0043] The supply device 13 and the splice device 15 of the same configuration, the feed inside the lifting bracket 134 may move up and down to drive the overall material, feed cylinder 133 and to process return feed cylinder 132 is disposed, ensure that the material is automatically pushed to the position set wait for subsequent processing, full automated feeding and improve the processing efficiency.

[0044] CNC联动一体化设备I在一定程度上可以实现工厂的无人化管理,工作人员只需放置好物料到供料装置13,调整不同物料的加工时间即可,加工完成后,物料都被转移到接料装置15,工作人员只需在接料装置15处拿走加工完毕的物料。 [0044] CNC linkage integrated device to a certain extent I can realize unmanned factory management, good staff simply place the material feeding device 13 to adjust the processing time can be different materials, the processing is completed, all materials is transferred to a splice apparatus 15, the staff just take away feed means 15 at a finished processing materials.

[0045] 以上所述仅为本发明较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明原则之内所作的任何修改,等同替换和改进等均应包含本发明的保护范围之内。 [0045] The preferred embodiments within the scope of the present invention but are not intended to limit the present invention, any modifications made within the principles of the present invention, equivalent replacement, and improvement of the present invention should contain only the protection of the above .

Claims (7)

1.一种CNC联动一体化设备,其特征在于:该CNC联动一体化设备包括一供料装置、接料装置、机械手轨道和一机床系统; 所述机械手轨道两端分别连接供料装置和接料装置且贯通整个机床系统; 所述机床系统包括复数个普通机床,各普通机床串联在一起,通过机械手轨道实现机床之间物料的运送;及所述机床系统中的各普通机床都通过一机械手传递物料,机械手轨道上的多个机械手往复运动,完成物料在整条生产线上的转移,物料在整个生产线中的流动呈一条线流动,不移出此CNC联动一体化设备。 An integrated CNC linkage device, characterized in that: the apparatus comprises an integrated CNC linkage feeding device, then feeding device, rails and a robot tool system; both ends are connected to the robot track and the ground supply device feeding means and through the entire system of the machine; said machine tool system comprising a plurality of general machine tools, each general machine tools connected in series, to achieve the transportation of materials between the machine by the robot track; and each of the machine system through a common robot machine transfer material, a plurality of reciprocating motion of the manipulator robot on the track, to complete the transfer of materials in the entire production line, the whole production line of the material flow in the form of a flow line, is not removed from this equipment integrated CNC linkage.
2.如权利要求1所述的CNC联动一体化设备,其特征在于:所述机械手轨道贯穿所有串联设置的普通机床。 CNC 2. The linkage of claim 1 integrated device, characterized in that: the manipulator all common rail through the machine in series.
3.如权利要求1所述的CNC联动一体化设备,其特征在于:所述供料装置包括一升降设备和一物料柜,物料柜连接升降设备且随着升降设备实现高度的调整。 CNC 3. The linkage of claim 1 integrated device, characterized in that: the supply means comprises a lifting device and a counter material, material and equipment cabinet is connected with the lifting height adjustment lifting device implementation.
4.如权利要求3所述的CNC联动一体化设备,其特征在于:所述供料装置进一步包括复数个物料托盘,物料柜包括复数个等间距的隔层结构,各隔层结构所形成的空间中放置物料托盘。 4. CNC linkage integration apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: said supply means further includes a plurality of pallet material, barrier material cabinet comprising a plurality of equally spaced structures, each spacer structure is formed Place the tray material space.
5.如权利要求4所述的CNC联动一体化设备,其特征在于:所述供料装置进一步包括一去程气缸和一回程气缸,去程气缸和回程气缸相互配合,作用于物料托盘且使得物料托盘实现位置的调整。 CNC 5. The linkage of claim 4 integrated device, characterized in that: said supply means further comprises a drive cylinder and a return to the cylinder, the cylinder and return the process to the cylinder with each other, and that acting on the material tray adjust the position of the tray material realization.
6.如权利要求2所述的CNC联动一体化设备,其特征在于:所述机械手包括一固定板、滑动电机和一吸料头,滑动电机带动机械手在机械手轨道上往复移动。 CNC 6. The linkage of claim 2 integrated device, characterized in that: said robot comprises a fixed plate, a sled motor and suction head slide motor driven robot manipulator reciprocate on rails.
7.如权利要求1所述的CNC联动一体化设备,其特征在于:所述接料装置包括一接料支撑架、接料去程气缸、接料回程气缸、接料升降支架、接料托盘、接料柜和一接料工作架,接料柜中均匀堆叠着多个接料托盘,接料托盘间的距离相等,且平稳放置在接料柜的等间距隔层结构中,接料托盘中均匀设置有多个用于放置物料的接料凹槽,接料升降支架安装在接料支撑架上,在电机的驱动下,接料升降支架在接料支撑架上上下移动。 CNC 7. The linkage of claim 1 integrated device, characterized in that: said feed means comprises a contact support frame splice, splice outbound cylinder, return cylinder splice, splice lifting bracket, splice tray , a splice and splice cabinet frame work, a uniform splice cabinet stacking a plurality of splice trays, equal to the distance between the splice trays, disposed in an equal pitch and smooth barrier splice cabinet structure, the splice tray uniformly provided with a plurality of recesses for receiving feed material is placed, mounted on the lifting bracket splice splice support frame, driven by the motor, the splice in the splice holder supporting the lifting frame up and down.
CN201510484236.1A 2015-08-01 2015-08-01 CNC linkage integrated equipment CN105058173A (en)

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