CN203831165U - Flexible transporting and processing system - Google Patents

Flexible transporting and processing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203831165U
CN203831165U CN201420210066.9U CN201420210066U CN203831165U CN 203831165 U CN203831165 U CN 203831165U CN 201420210066 U CN201420210066 U CN 201420210066U CN 203831165 U CN203831165 U CN 203831165U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workbench
latch
chain
processing
processed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420210066.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙薇
寸花英
李江艳
张韬
字立敏
封光磊
Original Assignee
沈机集团昆明机床股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201420210066.9U priority Critical patent/CN203831165U/en
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Publication of CN203831165U publication Critical patent/CN203831165U/en

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Abstract

The application provides a flexible transporting and processing system which is characterized by comprising a transporting line used for enabling a bidirectional exchange device to move rectilinearly therealong; the bidirectional exchange device used for transporting an article to be processed from a loading and unloading station to a buffer storage station or a host machine and taking the article to be processed off from the buffer storage station; the buffer storage station used for temporary placement of the article to be processed; the loading and unloading station located at an initial position of the transporting line and used for hoisting the article to be processed; and the host machine used for cutting and processing the article to be processed. The flexible transporting and processing system of the application realizes the movement among the loading and unloading station, the buffer storage station, and the hoist machine according to a working command sent from a computer system and can take the article to be processed off from the buffer storage station again. During the transporting and processing process, the flexible transporting and processing system is accurate and reliable in positioning and convenient to control and manage.

Description

Flexible transport and system of processing
Technical field
The utility model relates to Flexible Transporting System, particularly has the transportation system of two-way exchange device.
Background technology
The manufacturing cell of flexible wires mainly comprises main frame and logistics transportation line, and the manufacturing cell of current flexible wires can not complete two-way exchange, can only complete the movement in one direction that workbench is transported to a certain position.After multiple host general assembly, precision is also inconsistent, more uncontrollable many workbench exchanging orientation and keep uniformity and the reliability of resetting on different main frames.Workbench transmission and accurate positioning and high efficiency are barely satisfactory.
Utility model content
In view of problems of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of flexible transport and system of processing, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Supply line, makes the two-way exchange device can be along its rectilinear motion;
Two-way exchange device, is transported to buffer-stored station or main frame by thing to be processed from depot, and can take off thing to be processed from buffering storage sites;
Buffer-stored station, temporarily puts for thing to be processed;
Depot, is positioned at supply line original position, treats machining object and lifts;
Main frame, treats machining object and carries out smear metal processing.
The work order that flexible transport of the present utility model and system of processing are sent according to computer system, between depot, buffer-stored station and main frame, move, and the thing to be processed on buffer-stored station can be taken off again, accurate positioning in transport and process, reliable, is convenient to control and management.
In embodiments more of the present utility model, described two-way exchange device comprises the logistics transportation dolly, slide unit, chain and the workbench that set gradually from the bottom to top, on described chain, be provided with latch, on described workbench, gathering sill be set, described latch contacts with workbench by gathering sill.
Owing to being provided with gathering sill and latch, two-way exchange device, in the time passing on workbench, makes workbench can be transported to smoothly buffer-stored station or main frame by hook and the unhook of latch, has good resistance to capsizing.
In embodiments more of the present utility model, latch A and latch B are set on described chain, two gathering sills and single gathering sill are set, on described workbench in the time that described workbench is positioned on described chain, described latch A enters described pair of gathering sill, and described latch B enters described single gathering sill.
In embodiments more of the present utility model, described supply line comprises supply line guide rail, base lathe bed and tooth bar, and described supply line guide rail and tooth bar are arranged on base lathe bed, is provided with the dolly carrier wheel engaging with tooth bar on described logistics transportation dolly.
In embodiments more of the present utility model, under described slide unit, leading screw is set, when described leading screw rotates, drive described slide unit to do horizontal movement.
Due to part error and Installing machine tool error, these main frames are not same values for the distance of supply line, in the time that two-way exchange device arrives the position at destination host or buffer-stored station, first make slide unit be moved horizontally to suitable position by the rotation of leading screw, to passing on workbench on it, effectively avoid workbench drop or topple again.
In embodiments more of the present utility model, described main frame comprises pallet, main machine chain, latch C, described main machine chain is arranged on described pallet, described latch C is arranged on described main machine chain, in the time that two-way exchange device passes on workbench to main frame, main machine chain rotates, and latch C enters the inside groove of two gathering sills.
Adopt pair gathering sill mechanism, rotate at main machine chain and workbench chain simultaneously and be, well avoid influencing each other between the latch on latch and the two-way exchange device chain on main machine chain, workbench can be transferred on host tray smoothly, avoid workbench to drop or toppled.
In embodiments more of the present utility model, described workbench bottom arranges forward directive wheel, and sidewall is provided with side direction directive wheel.
In embodiments more of the present utility model, described workbench bottom arranges forward directive wheel, sidewall is provided with side direction directive wheel, described slide unit arranges vertical gathering sill and horizontal guide slot, in the time that described workbench is positioned on described slide unit, described forward directive wheel enters vertical gathering sill, and described side direction directive wheel approaching side is to directive wheel.
Forward directive wheel not only plays the effect of guiding to workbench, and plays a supporting role, and side direction directive wheel ensures that workbench moves along a straight line all the time, has avoided it in the process of passing on, to topple.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the flexibility transport of the utility model one embodiment and the schematic diagram of system of processing;
Fig. 2 is the cutaway view of the two-way exchange device of the utility model one embodiment;
Fig. 3 is that the main machine chain of the utility model one embodiment passes on the action schematic diagram of workbench;
Fig. 4 is that the chain of the utility model one embodiment two-way exchange device passes on the action schematic diagram of workbench;
Fig. 5 is that the directive wheel of the utility model one embodiment supports and guiding schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the workbench two-way exchange process schematic diagram of the utility model one embodiment.
Reference numeral is done to following explanation:
1-supply line; 11-supply line guide rail; 12-base lathe bed; 13-tooth bar;
2-two-way exchange device; 21-logistics transportation dolly; 211-dolly carrier wheel; 22-slide unit; 23-chain; 231-chain motor; 232-latch A; 233-latch B; 24-workbench; The two gathering sills of 241-; 2411-inside groove; 2412-water jacket; The mono-gathering sill of 242-; 243-forward directive wheel; 244-side direction directive wheel; 25-servomotor; 26-reductor;
3-buffer-stored station;
4-depot;
5-main frame; 51-pallet; 511-main machine chain; 512-latch C.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model one embodiment logistic transmission system comprises supply line 1, two-way exchange device 2, buffer-stored station 3, depot 4 and main frame 5.Two-way exchange device 2 is arranged on supply line 1, can be along supply line 1 rectilinear motion.Depot 4 is in one end of supply line 1, and it is the initial Hoisting Position of thing to be processed.Buffer-stored station 3 and main frame 5 are separately positioned on the both sides of supply line 1.Two-way exchange device 2 is transported to thing to be processed the pallet 51 of buffer-stored station 3 or main frame 5 from depot 4.Temporarily put for thing to be processed at buffer-stored station 3, and the pallet 51 of main frame 5 is the final position arriving of thing to be processed.
In present embodiment, main frame 5 adopts the precise horizontal machining center of Double-station bench, carries out next step smear metal process be transported to thing to be processed on pallet 51 by two-way exchange device 2.
Fig. 2 is the two-way exchange device cutaway view of the utility model one embodiment.The supply line 1 of the utility model one embodiment comprises supply line guide rail 11, base lathe bed 12 and tooth bar 13.Supply line guide rail 11 and tooth bar 13 are arranged on base lathe bed 12, and supply line guide rail 11 has two, are separately positioned on the both sides on base lathe bed 12.
Two-way exchange device 2 comprises logistics transportation dolly 21, slide unit 22, chain 23, workbench 24, servomotor 25 and reductor 26.
Logistics transportation dolly 21 is arranged on supply line guide rail 11, the dolly carrier wheel 211 that install its bottom engages with the tooth bar 13 of base lathe bed 12, in the time being arranged on servomotor 25 on logistics transportation dolly 21 and reductor 26 and driving dolly carrier wheel 211 to rotate, logistics transportation dolly 21 along supply line guide rail 11 on base lathe bed 12 along rectilinear direction move (directions X).
On logistics transportation dolly 21, fixedly mount slide unit 22, slide unit 22 has certain height, and its height is corresponding with the height of the pallet 51 of buffered station 3 and main frame 5.Leading screw is installed in slide unit 22 bottoms.In the time that leading screw rotates, slide unit 22 to the left and right both sides moves horizontally (Z direction).Chain 23 is installed on slide unit 22, and chain 23 rotates under the driving of chain motor 231.The left and right sides (left side as shown in Figure 2 and right side) of chain 23 is provided with outstanding double bolt, is respectively latch A232 and latch B233.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, workbench 24 is set on chain 23, the left end of workbench 24 is provided with two gathering sills 241, and right-hand member is provided with single gathering sill 242, and two gathering sills 241 have inside groove 2411 and water jacket 2412.In order better to limit the moving direction of workbench 24, a vertical gathering sill and two horizontal guide slots on slide unit 22, are offered, the bottom of workbench 24 is provided with forward directive wheel 243, two side is provided with side direction directive wheel 244, forward directive wheel 243 enters the vertical gathering sill of slide unit 22, side direction directive wheel 244 enters the horizontal guide slot of slide unit 22, forward directive wheel 243 has not only played the effect of guiding to workbench 24, and play a supporting role, 244 guarantee workbench 24 of side direction directive wheel move along a straight line all the time, have avoided it in the process of passing on, to topple.
As shown in Figure 3, on the pallet 51 of main frame 5, same installation has the main machine chain 511 of latch C512.Main frame 5 has multiple, and due to part error and Installing machine tool error, the pallet 51 of these main frames 5 is not same value for the distance of supply line 1, and therefore pallet 51 is not same value with the distance of two-way exchange device 2.In present embodiment, the pallet of each main frame 5 51 and the distance of the slide unit 22 of two-way exchange device 2 are converted into coordinate figure after driving the built-in encoder of the servomotor of leading screw to measure on logistics transportation dolly 21, be kept in control system, be convenient in service calling.Like this, the station number of input main frame 5, two-way exchange device 2 just moves to relevant position along supply line 1.Then, the slide unit 22 of two-way exchange device 2 moves horizontally under the driving of leading screw, so just can eliminate each pallet 51 that part error and Installing machine tool error cause may not be the defect of same value with the distance of supply line 1, has avoided chain 23 workbench 24 to be transferred in the process of host tray 51 and has dropped or topple.
Complete after the action of above-mentioned elimination error, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 6, two-way exchange device 2 starts to pass on workbench 24 to main frame 5 pallets 51, and chain 23 rotates to main frame 5 directions, latch A232 enters the water jacket 2412 of two gathering sills 241, and latch B233 enters single gathering sill 242.Along with the rotation of chain 23, latch B232 deviates from (latch B232 is in unhook state) from single gathering sill 242.In the time that workbench 24 approaches the pallet 51 of main frame 5, the chain 511 on host tray 51 starts to rotate, and the latch C512 on it enters the inside groove 2411 of two gathering sills 241.Meanwhile, latch A232 deviates from (latch A232 is in unhook state, and latch C512 is in hook state) from the water jacket 2412 of two gathering sills 241.Under the rotation of main machine chain 511, workbench 24 is pulled on the pallet 51 of main frame 5.Due to the restriction of lathe bed position before host tray 51 and main frame, main machine chain 511 drives stroke to be not enough to workbench 24 to be driven into lathe bed slide position before the main frame position of machining (treat machining object carry out), in the time that the latch C512 on main machine chain 511 reaches the limit of position, chain is rotated further, latch C512 deviates from (latch C512 is in unhook state) from two gathering sill 241 inside grooves 2411, at this moment an oil cylinder is set on main frame 5, workbench 24 is pushed to lathe bed slide position before main frame, in the time that the superimposed motion of workbench 24 by main machine chain 511 and main frame oil cylinder arrives the position that the cutter that is applicable on main frame 5 processes the thing to be processed on workbench 24, main machine chain 511 stops operating.
In actual process, sometimes thing to be processed is being processed other goods because of the main frame 5 that will arrive, so it directly cannot be transported to main frame 5, but be trapped in depot 4 and can affect again transporting of thing to be processed below, at this moment just need to temporarily leave thing to be processed in buffer-stored station 3, to again thing to be processed is transported on it 5 free time of main frame.Buffer-stored station 3 has multiple, same, due to part error and Installing machine tool error, each buffer-stored station 3 and supply line 1 between distance neither samely be worth, need to after driving the built-in encoder of the servomotor of leading screw to measure on logistics transportation dolly 21, be converted into coordinate figure, be kept in control system.In the time that two-way exchange device 2 just moves to relevant position along supply line 1, the slide unit 22 of two-way exchange device 2 moves horizontally towards buffer-stored station 3 under the driving of leading screw, eliminate each buffer-stored station 3 that part error and alignment error cause may with the inconsistent defect of the distance of supply line 1, avoided workbench 24 to be transferred in the process at buffer-stored station 3 and to drop or topple.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 6, the chain 23 of two-way exchange device 2 rotates backward, and latch A232 drives workbench 24 to move to buffer-stored station 3, passes on the object of workbench to reach.Detailed process is as described below:
When two-way exchange device 2 passes on workbench 24 during to buffer-stored station 3, chain 23 is towards the 3 direction reversions of buffer-stored station, latch A232 on chain 23 and latch B233 enter respectively two gathering sills 241 and single gathering sill 242, and workbench 24 moves towards buffer-stored station.Along with the rotation of chain, first latch A232 deviates from (latch A232 is in unhook state) from two gathering sill 241 water jackets 2412, after workbench 24 is turned on buffer-stored station 3 smoothly, latch B233 also breaks off relations along with the rotation of chain 23, and workbench 24 is placed on buffer-stored station 3 smoothly.
Contrary, in the time that two-way exchange device 2 is drawn in workbench 24 from buffering storage sites 3, first also need to eliminate part error and alignment error by moving horizontally of slide unit 22.Afterwards, chain 23 is towards the direction forward of main frame 5, and latch B233 enters single gathering sill 242 (latch B233 is in hook state), drives workbench 24 to move on the slide unit 22 of two-way exchange device 2.Along with the rotation of chain 23, latch A232 enters the water jacket 2412 of two gathering sills 241.Like this, workbench 24 is withdrawn on two-way exchange device 2 stably.Finally, according to the processing needs of article to be processed on workbench 24, be transferred to by two-way exchange device 2 on the pallet 51 of main frame 5 it is carried out to smear metal.
Below by reference to the accompanying drawings embodiments more of the present utility model are described in detail, but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken possessing those of ordinary skill in the art, can also under the prerequisite that does not depart from the utility model aim, make a variety of changes.

Claims (7)

1. flexible transport and system of processing, is characterized in that, comprising:
Main frame, treats machining object and carries out smear metal processing;
Buffer-stored station, temporarily puts for thing to be processed;
Depot, is positioned at supply line original position, treats machining object and lifts;
Two-way exchange device, is transported to buffer-stored station or main frame by thing to be processed from depot, and can take off thing to be processed from buffering storage sites;
Supply line, makes the two-way exchange device can be along its rectilinear motion.
2. flexible transport according to claim 1 and system of processing, it is characterized in that, described two-way exchange device (2) comprises the logistics transportation dolly (21), slide unit (22), chain (23) and the workbench (24) that set gradually from the bottom to top, described chain is provided with latch on (23), described workbench arranges gathering sill on (24), when described chain (23) rotates, the latch that workbench (24) is arranged on described (23) drives.
3. flexible transport according to claim 2 and system of processing, it is characterized in that, latch A (232) and latch B (233) are set on described chain (23), two gathering sills (241) and single gathering sill (242) are set on described workbench (24), in the time that described workbench (24) is positioned on described chain (23), described latch A (232) enters described pair of gathering sill (241), and described latch B (233) enters described single gathering sill (242).
4. flexible transport according to claim 2 and system of processing, it is characterized in that, described supply line (1) comprises supply line guide rail (11), base lathe bed (12) and tooth bar (13), it is upper that described supply line guide rail (11) and tooth bar (13) are arranged on base lathe bed (12), is provided with the dolly carrier wheel (211) engaging with tooth bar (13) on described logistics transportation dolly (21).
5. flexible transport according to claim 3 and system of processing, is characterized in that, described slide unit arranges leading screw under (22), when described leading screw rotates, drives described slide unit (22) to do horizontal movement.
6. flexible transport according to claim 5 and system of processing, it is characterized in that, main machine chain (511) is arranged on pallet (51), latch C (512) is arranged on described main machine chain (511), in the time that two-way exchange device (2) passes on workbench (24) to main frame (5), main machine chain (511) rotates, and latch C (512) enters the inside groove (2411) of two gathering sills (241).
7. according to flexibility transport and system of processing described in claim 3 or 6, it is characterized in that, described workbench (24) bottom arranges forward directive wheel (243), sidewall is provided with side direction directive wheel (244), described slide unit (22) arranges vertical gathering sill and horizontal guide slot, in the time that described workbench (24) is positioned on described slide unit (22), described forward directive wheel (243) enters vertical gathering sill, and described side direction directive wheel (244) approaching side is to directive wheel (244).
CN201420210066.9U 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 Flexible transporting and processing system CN203831165U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103934721A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-23 沈机集团昆明机床股份有限公司 Flexible transportation and machining system
CN104440221A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 桐乡胜辉精密机械有限公司 Workpiece fixing and rotating device
CN110109433A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-09 上海海得自动化控制软件有限公司 The buffer area Intelligent logistics based on roller-way of flexible Flow Shop dispatch system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103934721A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-23 沈机集团昆明机床股份有限公司 Flexible transportation and machining system
CN104440221A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 桐乡胜辉精密机械有限公司 Workpiece fixing and rotating device
CN110109433A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-09 上海海得自动化控制软件有限公司 The buffer area Intelligent logistics based on roller-way of flexible Flow Shop dispatch system
CN110109433B (en) * 2019-05-15 2021-01-01 上海海得自动化控制软件有限公司 Buffer area intelligent logistics scheduling system based on roller way for flexible flow shop

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