CN105035899A - Elevator debugging method based on intelligent mobile phone - Google Patents

Elevator debugging method based on intelligent mobile phone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105035899A
CN105035899A CN201510304104.6A CN201510304104A CN105035899A CN 105035899 A CN105035899 A CN 105035899A CN 201510304104 A CN201510304104 A CN 201510304104A CN 105035899 A CN105035899 A CN 105035899A
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China
Prior art keywords
elevator
noise
vibration
car
mobile phone
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CN201510304104.6A
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CN105035899B (en
Inventor
孙旭仑
赵玉男
王晶晶
王晓丹
法乃光
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SHENYANG LANGUANG AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHENYANG LANGUANG AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0006Monitoring devices or performance analysers
    • B66B5/0037Performance analysers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B3/00Applications of devices for indicating or signalling operating conditions of elevators
    • B66B3/002Indicators

Abstract

The invention discloses an elevator debugging method based on an intelligent mobile phone, and relates to a main part of an elevator, matched with the elevator debugging method in a multi-storey building or other buildings. The elevator debugging method comprises the following steps: obtaining real-time detection data by utilizing bluetooth or Wi-Fi data transmission; feeding back the running quality grade of the elevator to the terminal of the intelligent mobile phone; and providing an elevator debugging scheme according a noise grade and a vibration grade. The elevator debugging method omits the step of complicated measurement, so that the labor strength of on-site staff is relieved, the degree of acceptance of users for measurement results is increased, and the operability of measuring equipment is improved.

Description

A kind of elevator debugging method based on smart mobile phone
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of in building or other buildings, or the major part of the elevator coordinated with it, particularly a kind of elevator debugging method based on smart mobile phone.
Background technology
Elevator is transportation means indispensable in multilayer and high-rise in modern society's life.The comfort of passenger-in-elevator and the fortune quality of taking advantage of of elevator evaluate the important indicator of quality of elevator.China's clear stipulaties in GB GB/T24474-2009 " elevator take advantage of fortune mass measurement " measure and report elevator run duration take advantage of fortune requirements for quality.All the time, elevator takes advantage of fortune quality detection apparatus kind rare, and it is not convenient that traditional measurement check implement carries, and operation also has significant limitation.
For the body sense of passenger-in-elevator and the detection of auditory perception, applying in the world is at present the EVA-625 measuring instrument of Stork PMT Co. more widely, EVA-625 is integrated with 3-axis acceleration sensor and noise transducer, by the result of a measurement of elevator run duration stored in holding in the storage space of 700 number of seconds certificates, take off data is imported PC end, utilize EVA vibration analysis tool software observation and analysis result of a measurement.But consider for the real-time of measuring instrument portability and observation result of a measurement, this device is made troubles to on-site measurement personnel, simultaneously, observed reading not easily analyzes elevator ride quality result for staff that is amateur or that lack experience, and limited storage space also constrains the time of test.
Summary of the invention
The present invention to propose kind the elevator debugging method based on smart mobile phone, it is convenient to install, simple to operate, be easy to safeguard.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of elevator debugging method based on smart mobile phone, and its technical essential is:
Comprise the following steps:
Step 1: elevator is placed in bottom, operator carries smart mobile phone and quality of elevator detecting device enters car and quality of elevator detecting device is placed on car floor central authorities, after smart mobile phone and quality of elevator detecting device set up wireless connections, smart mobile phone sends and starts to detect instruction, the master controller of quality of elevator detecting device is passed to through data transmission unit, master controller sends enable command to sensor integration unit, make sensor integration cell operation and gather the vibration information of elevator and noise information and send to the abnormal vibrations/noise monitor of quality of elevator detecting device, by master controller, the data of Real-time Collection are sent to smart mobile phone,
Step 2: operator arranges elevator and exercises to top layer, in the process, when abnormal vibrations/noise monitor detects that data compare with the normal data be arranged in abnormal vibrations/noise monitor, if not within the scope of normal data, assert data exception, abnormality warnings is sent by abnormal vibrations/noise monitor, there is abnormal hoistway position and this position sent to the primary controller of quality of elevator detecting device in abnormal vibrations/noise monitor record, through primary controller, above-mentioned hoistway position is sent to smart mobile phone;
After smart mobile phone receives vibration & noise data, curve is become to be presented at human-computer interaction interface Plotting data;
Step 3: when after elevator car arrives top layer, surveying work terminates, the data collected export to degree of quality feedback unit, exports elevator assessment result by degree of quality feedback unit;
Step 4: data step 2 collected, the result of step 3 are uploaded to background server, background server determination elevator debugging scheme to feed back to smart mobile phone for reference;
Step 5: staff goes to corresponding hoistway position to check the reason that problem occurs according to the monitoring result that abnormal vibrations/noise monitor provides, and debugs elevator according to the debugging plan that step 4 is determined.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, determine that elevator assessment result process is as follows:
Step 3.1: degree of quality feedback unit receive exported by smart mobile phone microcontroller vibration, noise original data and the acceleration information in the Z-direction of butterworth filter filtering;
Step 3.2: the X, Y, Z axis maximum vibration peak-to-peak value utilizing acceleration pick-up to collect and A95 vibration peak peak value obtain vibration class when elevator runs, and process is:
(1) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value a<0.25m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value a95<0.2m/s 2, then vibration of elevator grade is 1, and represent that elevator runs very steady, elevator as snug as a bug in a rug;
(2) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value 0.25m/s 2≤ a<0.3m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value 0.2m/s 2≤ a95<0.25m/s 2, then vibration of elevator grade is 2, and represent that elevator running and comparing is steady, elevator is pleasant;
(3) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value 0.3m/s 2≤ a<0.35m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value 0.25m/s 2≤ a95<0.3m/s 2, then elevator has slight vibration;
(4) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value 0.4m/s 2≤ a<0.45m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value 0.3m/s 2≤ a95<0.35m/s 2, then elevator has vibration, takes uncomfortable;
(5) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value 0.45m/s 2≤ a<0.5m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value 0.4m/s 2≤ a95<0.45m/s 2, then elevator has obvious vibration, takes very uncomfortable;
(6) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value a>=0.5m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value a95>=0.45m/s 2, then vibration of elevator is obvious, does not meet standard.
Step 3.3: utilize noise original data to calculate average noise in testing process, equals 2.5m/s when ladder speed is little, then:
(1) if noise n<35dB, then noise of elevator is grade 1, represents that noise is little especially, quiet especially in car;
(2) if noise 35dB≤n<40dB, then noise of elevator is grade 2, represents that noise is smaller, quieter in car;
(3) if noise 40dB≤n<45dB, then noise of elevator is grade 3, represents in car have slight noise;
(4) if noise 45dB≤n<50dB, then noise of elevator is class 4, indicates slight noise, unpeace in car;
(5) if noise 50dB≤n<55dB, then noise of elevator is class 5, indicates noise, noisy in car;
(6) if noise n >=55dB, then noise of elevator is class 6, indicates noise, very noisy in car, does not meet standard;
When terraced speed is greater than 2.5m/s, then:
(1) if noise n<40dB, then noise of elevator is grade 1, represents that noise is little especially, quiet especially in car;
(2) if noise 40dB≤n<45dB, then noise of elevator is grade 2, represents that noise is smaller, quieter in car;
(3) if noise 45dB≤n<50dB, then noise of elevator is grade 3, represents in car have slight noise;
(4) if noise 50dB≤n<55dB, then noise of elevator is class 4, indicates slight noise, unpeace in car;
(5) if noise 55dB≤n<60dB, then noise of elevator is class 5, indicates noise, noisy in car;
(6) if noise n >=60dB, then noise of elevator is class 6, indicates noise, very noisy in car, does not meet standard;
As present invention further optimization scheme, determine that background server determination elevator debugging solution processes is as follows:
Step 4.1: according to the result of step 3.2 to vibration of elevator determination debugging plan, process is as follows:
If elevator is certain some abnormal vibration in operational process, then first check through repetitive measurement whether each time abnormity point all in same position, if in same position, then:
(1) if this Dian Men district, then first whether inspection door district scratches;
(2) secondly check whether the guide rail of this some correspondence is installed well, lead whether boots are fixed, whether guide rail is level and smooth;
(3) reexamine starting or retaining segment that whether abnormal vibrations occurs in mule carriage or parking, determine whether that the situation of brake drag lock occurs;
(4) when finally checking that elevator runs, whether counterweight collides with foreign matter in hoistway, and is sent to car, causes vibration
If abnormity point has randomness through repetitive measurement, then:
(5) first check whether trailing cable has scratching, arrange the need of increase trailing cable guar plate;
(6) secondly check whether there are enough spacing between hoist ropes, whether there is the phenomenon of hoist ropes knock against each other;
(7) finally check whether balancing chain rotates or rock in running process of elevator, or exists with guide piece and interferes, attempt the improvement situation of the position observation vibration problem adjusting balancing chain;
If a certain section of abnormal vibration in running process of elevator, then
(8) abnormal section guide rails assembling is first checked whether vertically or the situation whether having guide rail to get rusty;
(9) secondly check hoist ropes slippery conditions, whether hoist ropes has wearing and tearing or hoist ropes surface, and whether grease is too much;
If it is abnormal that elevator runs Whole-course Vibration, then:
(10) first check whether car has unbalance loading situation, and whether car opposite layer gate sill has tilt phenomenon;
Secondly (11) check power line voltage whether have fluctuation or voltage whether too low, power line voltage is adjusted, voltage stabilizer is installed;
(12) reexamine coder whether et out of order, check whether coder exists circumference and beats excessive or installs bad situation;
(13) determine whether the abnormal vibration that mechanical resonance causes, adjustment elevator speed or PI parameter observe the improvement situation of vibration;
If above measure does not all make Vibration Condition improve, more professional detection is done by contact elevator manufacturer.
Step 4.2: according to the result of step 3.3 to abnormal noise determination debugging plan, process is as follows:
In conjunction with the investigation of abnormal vibrations in 4.1, first determine what whether noise was caused by vibration; If the noise caused during switch gate, then whether inspection door machine runs normal; Reexamine in lift car and whether there is electric noise; If above measure does not all make Vibration Condition improve, then contact elevator manufacturer and do more professional detection;
Beneficial effect of the present invention and advantage are: the elevator debugging method based on smart mobile phone of the present invention, bluetooth or Wi-Fi data transmission is utilized to obtain real-time detector data, and take advantage of fortune degree of quality to user by smart mobile phone end feedback elevator, abandon loaded down with trivial details measuring process, alleviate the labour intensity of field man, improve the acceptance of user to result of a measurement, enhance the operability of measuring equipment.Utilize server to receive situ measurements data, facilitate professional's Timeliness coverage quality of elevator problem and provide Corresponding Countermeasures.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the quality of elevator structure of the detecting device schematic diagram that the present invention is based on smart mobile phone;
Fig. 2 is the inventive method diagram of circuit.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1 ~ 2, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Embodiment 1:
The present embodiment is placed with the quality of elevator detecting device based on smart mobile phone in car, and this device comprises:
Smart mobile phone 1: for receiving the data of quality of elevator detecting device transmission and calculating quality of elevator grade, smart mobile phone 1 can do detailed storage to measurement and analysis data, preserve take off data, Measuring Time, measurement place, elevator service direction, elevator operating floor, survey crew information, quality of elevator assessment result, filename etc., it comprises further:
Data transmission unit 5: for transmitting data and control command;
Smart mobile phone microcontroller 4: for sending data to degree of quality feedback unit, sending instruction to quality of elevator detecting device;
Degree of quality feedback unit 8: for calculating vibration of elevator peak-to-peak value, vibration A95 value, maximum acceleration-deceleration, speed V95, maximum operational speed, maximum range ability, maximum noise and maximum running noises, and determine quality of elevator grade;
Butterworth filter 9: for carrying out filtering to the acceleration signal for the Z-direction to 3-axis acceleration sensor;
Man-machine interaction unit 7: show data for input control order;
And data communication units 6: for 3 carrying out data transmission between smart mobile phone 1 and background server.
Quality of elevator detecting device 2: for gathering vibration of elevator signal and noise signal and analyzing above-mentioned signal and determine the hoistway position of abnormal signal, quality of elevator detecting device 2 comprises further:
Sensor integration unit 10: for gathering vibration of elevator and noise of elevator;
Abnormal vibrations/Creak detector 13: for receiving vibration signal and noise signal and judging that whether elevator is abnormal according to received signal.Its inside is provided with GB " GB3096-2008 standard for acoustic environmental quality " and GB " GB/T13441.1-2007 mechanical vibration and impact ", once find that the data that sensor collects do not meet above-mentioned two countries target standard, then reports to the police;
Master controller 14: control sensor unit start and stop for sending controling instruction and receive the hoistway position information that abnormal vibrations/Creak detector sends;
Data transmission unit 5: for transmitting or receiving smart mobile phone signal.
Background server 3: for storing smartphone data and debugging countermeasure according to data feedback.
The structure of the quality of elevator detecting device based on smart mobile phone in the present embodiment is as follows:
Smart mobile phone 1 one aspect connects background server 3 by radio data network, the data transmission unit 15 of wireless connections quality of elevator detecting device 2 on the one hand, the primary controller 14 connecting sensor integrated unit 10 of quality of elevator detecting device 2, primary controller 14 simultaneous connection realizes the data transmission with smart mobile phone 1 according to transmission unit 5,3-axis acceleration sensor 11 is all connected with primary controller 14 and abnormal vibrations/Creak detector 13 with noise transducer 12, and testing result is exported to primary controller 14 by abnormal vibrations/Creak detector 13.
Smart mobile phone 1 comprises smart mobile phone microcontroller 4 (MCU), data transmission unit 5, data communication units 6, man-machine interaction unit 7, degree of quality feedback unit 8 and butterworth filter 9.Wherein, the data transmission unit 15 of data transmission unit 5 wireless connections quality of elevator detecting device 2, smart mobile phone microcontroller 4 connection data transmission unit 5 realizes data and passes mutually, smart mobile phone microcontroller 4 connection data communication unit 6, man-machine interaction unit 7, degree of quality feedback unit 8 and butterworth filter 9 simultaneously, butterworth filter 9 outputs to degree of quality feedback unit 8, feedback result is passed to man-machine interaction unit 7 by degree of quality feedback unit 8, and data communication units 6 is by cordless communication network wireless connections background server 3.
The data transmission unit 5 of smart mobile phone 1 and the data transmission unit 15 of quality of elevator detecting device 2 can adopt bluetooth or Wi-Fi equipment to carry out the transmission over radio of data.
In the present embodiment, the adoptable wireless network of data communication units 6 comprises CDMA, GSM, TD-SCDMA, WCDMA, CDMA2000, TD-LTE or Wi-Fi etc.
The present embodiment is as follows based on the quality of elevator detecting device working process of smart mobile phone:
Elevator is placed in bottom, operator carries smart mobile phone 1 and quality of elevator detecting device 2 enters car, sent by the man-machine interaction unit 7 of smart mobile phone 1 and start to detect instruction, by smart mobile phone microcontroller 4, detection instruction is passed to the primary controller 14 of quality of elevator detecting device 2 through data transmission unit 5, and send enable command to sensor integration unit 10, sensor integration unit 10 is started working, 3-axis acceleration sensor 11 and noise transducer 12 through primary controller 14 and data transmission unit 15 by the real-time data transmission that gathers to smart mobile phone 1, the data collected also are sent to abnormal vibrations/Creak detector 13 by 3-axis acceleration sensor 11 and noise transducer 12 simultaneously.
By elevator travels to top layer, in elevator travels process, when abnormal vibrations/Creak detector 13 detects abnormal data (abnormal vibrations or abnormal noise), namely abnormality warnings is sent, and the primary controller 14 that abnormal hoistway position sends quality of elevator detecting device 2 to occurs record, and send to smart mobile phone 1 by primary controller 14 by data transmission unit 15.Meanwhile, Plotting data becomes curve to be presented at man-machine interaction unit 7 after receiving the real time data that sensor integration unit 10 collects by smart mobile phone 1.
When elevator car arrives top layer, surveying work terminates, the data collected obtain accelerating curve through butterworth filter 7 filtering and export to degree of quality feedback unit 8, vibration peak peak value is exported by degree of quality feedback unit 8, vibration A95 value, acceleration-deceleration A95, maximum acceleration-deceleration, speed V95, maximum operational speed, maximum range ability, the analysis results such as maximum noise and operation maximum noise, and generate quality of elevator assessment result elevator acknowledgement of consignment quality feedback result to man-machine interaction unit 7, testing result data can be uploaded to background server 3 by data communication units 6 by field man, background server 3 can provide amending advice to abnormal index and scheme feeds back to smart mobile phone 1, supplemental lift is debugged, simultaneously, staff goes to corresponding hoistway position to check the reason that problem occurs according to the monitoring result that abnormal vibrations/Creak detector 13 provides.
The END instruction of measuring assessment is sent to the primary controller 14 of quality of elevator detecting device 2 equally by smart mobile phone 1 by staff, now 3-axis acceleration sensor 11 and noise transducer 12 quit work, stop recording data.
The method that the present embodiment is debugged elevator, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: elevator is placed in bottom, operator carries smart mobile phone and quality of elevator detecting device enters car and quality of elevator detecting device is placed on car floor central authorities, after smart mobile phone and quality of elevator detecting device set up wireless connections, smart mobile phone sends and starts to detect instruction, the master controller of quality of elevator detecting device is passed to through data transmission unit, master controller sends enable command to sensor integration unit, make sensor integration cell operation and gather the vibration information of elevator and noise information and send to the abnormal vibrations/noise monitor of quality of elevator detecting device, by master controller, the data of Real-time Collection are sent to smart mobile phone,
Step 2: operator arranges elevator and exercises to top layer, in the process, when abnormal vibrations/noise monitor detects that data compare with the normal data be arranged in abnormal vibrations/noise monitor, if not within the scope of normal data, assert data exception, abnormality warnings is sent by abnormal vibrations/noise monitor, there is abnormal hoistway position and this position sent to the primary controller of quality of elevator detecting device in abnormal vibrations/noise monitor record, through primary controller, above-mentioned hoistway position is sent to smart mobile phone;
After smart mobile phone receives vibration & noise data, curve is become to be presented at human-computer interaction interface Plotting data;
Step 3: when after elevator car arrives top layer, surveying work terminates, the data collected export to degree of quality feedback unit, export elevator assessment result by degree of quality feedback unit, detailed process is as follows:
Step 3.1: degree of quality feedback unit receive exported by smart mobile phone microcontroller vibration, noise original data and the acceleration information in the Z-direction of butterworth filter filtering.Obtain accelerating curve through butterworth filter filtering and can calculate the peak acceleration of car, maximum deceleration, A95 acceleration/accel and A95 deceleration/decel.
Step 3.2: the X, Y, Z axis maximum vibration peak-to-peak value utilizing acceleration pick-up to collect and A95 vibration peak peak value obtain vibration class when elevator runs, and when vibration of elevator grade is 1 and 2, without the need to debugging, prove elevator operational excellence.If vibration of elevator grade is 3 ~ 5, then service personnel needs the monitoring result provided according to the curve and abnormal vibrations/noise monitor that are presented at man-machine interaction unit suitably to safeguard.If vibration of elevator grade is 6, then prove this elevator nonconformity, must endure strict scrutiny or return factory and keep in repair.
Step 3.3: utilize noise original data to calculate average noise in testing process, when noise of elevator grade is 1 and 2, without the need to debugging, proves elevator operational excellence.If noise of elevator grade is 3 ~ 5, then service personnel needs the monitoring result provided according to the curve and abnormal vibrations/noise monitor that are presented at man-machine interaction unit suitably to safeguard.If noise of elevator grade is 6, then prove this elevator nonconformity, must endure strict scrutiny or return factory and keep in repair.
Except above-mentioned noise level, also determine whether to need to carry out detailed inspection by calculating maximum noise overshoot, the computing formula of maximum noise overshoot is as follows:
(the largest Zao Sheng – average noise)/average noise × 100%
When maximum noise overshoot is greater than 20%, then advise that testing staff does detailed inspection to the hoistway position of this some correspondence.
Step 4: the result of step 3 is uploaded to background server, background server determination elevator debugging scheme to feed back to smart mobile phone for reference, detailed process is as follows:
Step 4.1: according to the result of step 3.2 to vibration of elevator determination debugging plan, process is as follows:
If elevator is certain some abnormal vibration in operational process, then first check through repetitive measurement whether each time abnormity point all in same position, if in same position, then:
(1) if this Dian Men district, then first whether inspection door district scratches;
(2) secondly check whether the guide rail of this some correspondence is installed well, lead whether boots are fixed, whether guide rail is level and smooth;
(3) reexamine starting or retaining segment that whether abnormal vibrations occurs in mule carriage or parking, determine whether that the situation of brake drag lock occurs;
(4) when finally checking that elevator runs, whether counterweight collides with foreign matter in hoistway, and is sent to car, causes vibration
If abnormity point has randomness through repetitive measurement, then:
(5) first check whether trailing cable has scratching, arrange the need of increase trailing cable guar plate;
(6) secondly check whether there are enough spacing between hoist ropes, whether there is the phenomenon of hoist ropes knock against each other;
(7) finally check whether balancing chain rotates or rock in running process of elevator, or exists with guide piece and interferes, attempt the improvement situation of the position observation vibration problem adjusting balancing chain;
If a certain section of abnormal vibration in running process of elevator, then
(8) abnormal section guide rails assembling is first checked whether vertically or the situation whether having guide rail to get rusty;
(9) secondly check hoist ropes slippery conditions, whether hoist ropes has wearing and tearing or hoist ropes surface, and whether grease is too much;
If it is abnormal that elevator runs Whole-course Vibration, then:
(10) first check whether car has unbalance loading situation, and whether car opposite layer gate sill has tilt phenomenon;
Secondly (11) check power line voltage whether have fluctuation or voltage whether too low, power line voltage is adjusted, voltage stabilizer is installed;
(12) reexamine coder whether et out of order, check whether coder exists circumference and beats excessive or installs bad situation;
(13) determine whether the abnormal vibration that mechanical resonance causes, adjustment elevator speed or PI parameter observe the improvement situation of vibration;
If above measure does not all make Vibration Condition improve, more professional detection is done by contact elevator manufacturer;
Step 4.2: according to the result of step 3.3 to abnormal noise determination debugging plan, process is as follows:
In conjunction with the investigation of abnormal vibrations in 4.1, first determine what whether noise was caused by vibration; If the noise caused during switch gate, then whether inspection door machine runs normal; Reexamine in lift car and whether there is electric noise; If above measure does not all make Vibration Condition improve, then contact elevator manufacturer and do more professional detection;
Step 5: the running velocity that in the present embodiment, the acceleration information integration that butterworth filter exports can be obtained elevator in testing process, recycling elevator speed integration can obtain omnidistance range ability.Staff goes to corresponding hoistway position to check the reason that problem occurs according to the monitoring result that abnormal vibrations/noise monitor provides, and debugs elevator according to the debugging plan that step 4 is determined.
Although the foregoing describe the specific embodiment of the present invention, the those skilled in the art in this area should be appreciated that these are only casehistorys, can make various changes or modifications, and do not deviate from principle of the present invention and essence to these embodiments.Scope of the present invention is only defined by the appended claims.

Claims (3)

1., based on an elevator debugging method for smart mobile phone, it is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
Step 1: elevator is placed in bottom, operator carries smart mobile phone and quality of elevator detecting device enters car and quality of elevator detecting device is placed on car floor central authorities, after smart mobile phone and quality of elevator detecting device set up wireless connections, smart mobile phone sends and starts to detect instruction, the master controller of quality of elevator detecting device is passed to through data transmission unit, master controller sends enable command to sensor integration unit, make sensor integration cell operation and gather the vibration information of elevator and noise information and send to the abnormal vibrations/noise monitor of quality of elevator detecting device, by master controller, the data of Real-time Collection are sent to smart mobile phone,
Step 2: operator arranges elevator and exercises to top layer, in the process, when abnormal vibrations/noise monitor detects that data compare with the normal data be arranged in abnormal vibrations/noise monitor, if not within the scope of normal data, assert data exception, abnormality warnings is sent by abnormal vibrations/noise monitor, there is abnormal hoistway position and this position sent to the primary controller of quality of elevator detecting device in abnormal vibrations/noise monitor record, through primary controller, above-mentioned hoistway position is sent to smart mobile phone;
After smart mobile phone receives vibration & noise data, curve is become to be presented at human-computer interaction interface Plotting data;
Step 3: when after elevator car arrives top layer, surveying work terminates, the data collected export to degree of quality feedback unit, exports elevator assessment result by degree of quality feedback unit;
Step 4: data step 2 collected, the result of step 3 are uploaded to background server, background server determination elevator debugging scheme to feed back to smart mobile phone for reference;
Step 5: staff goes to corresponding hoistway position to check the reason that problem occurs according to the monitoring result that abnormal vibrations/noise monitor provides, and debugs elevator according to the debugging plan that step 4 is determined.
2., as claimed in claim 1 based on the elevator debugging method of smart mobile phone, it is characterized in that: determine that elevator assessment result process is as follows:
Step 3.1: degree of quality feedback unit receive exported by smart mobile phone microcontroller vibration, noise original data and the acceleration information in the Z-direction of butterworth filter filtering;
Step 3.2: the X, Y, Z axis maximum vibration peak-to-peak value utilizing acceleration pick-up to collect and A95 vibration peak peak value obtain vibration class when elevator runs, and process is:
(1) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value a<0.25m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value a95<0.2m/s 2, then vibration of elevator grade is 1, and represent that elevator runs very steady, elevator as snug as a bug in a rug;
(2) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value 0.25m/s 2≤ a<0.3m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value 0.2m/s 2≤ a95<0.25m/s 2, then vibration of elevator grade is 2, and represent that elevator running and comparing is steady, elevator is pleasant;
(3) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value 0.3m/s 2≤ a<0.35m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value 0.25m/s 2≤ a95<0.3m/s 2, then elevator has slight vibration;
(4) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value 0.4m/s 2≤ a<0.45m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value 0.3m/s 2≤ a95<0.35m/s 2, then elevator has vibration, takes uncomfortable;
(5) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value 0.45m/s 2≤ a<0.5m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value 0.4m/s 2≤ a95<0.45m/s 2, then elevator has obvious vibration, takes very uncomfortable;
(6) if maximum vibration peak-to-peak value a>=0.5m/s 2and A95 vibration peak peak value a95>=0.45m/s 2, then vibration of elevator is obvious, does not meet standard;
Step 3.3: utilize noise original data to calculate average noise in testing process, equals 2.5m/s when ladder speed is little, then:
(1) if noise n<35dB, then noise of elevator is grade 1, represents that noise is little especially, quiet especially in car;
(2) if noise 35dB≤n<40dB, then noise of elevator is grade 2, represents that noise is smaller, quieter in car;
(3) if noise 40dB≤n<45dB, then noise of elevator is grade 3, represents in car have slight noise;
(4) if noise 45dB≤n<50dB, then noise of elevator is class 4, indicates slight noise, unpeace in car;
(5) if noise 50dB≤n<55dB, then noise of elevator is class 5, indicates noise, noisy in car;
(6) if noise n >=55dB, then noise of elevator is class 6, indicates noise, very noisy in car, does not meet standard;
When terraced speed is greater than 2.5m/s, then:
(1) if noise n<40dB, then noise of elevator is grade 1, represents that noise is little especially, quiet especially in car;
(2) if noise 40dB≤n<45dB, then noise of elevator is grade 2, represents that noise is smaller, quieter in car;
(3) if noise 45dB≤n<50dB, then noise of elevator is grade 3, represents in car have slight noise;
(4) if noise 50dB≤n<55dB, then noise of elevator is class 4, indicates slight noise, unpeace in car;
(5) if noise 55dB≤n<60dB, then noise of elevator is class 5, indicates noise, noisy in car;
(6) if noise n >=60dB, then noise of elevator is class 6, indicates noise, very noisy in car, does not meet standard.
3., as claimed in claim 1 based on the elevator debugging method of smart mobile phone, it is characterized in that: determine that background server determination elevator debugging solution processes is as follows:
Step 4.1: according to vibration of elevator determination debugging plan, process is as follows:
If elevator is certain some abnormal vibration in operational process, then first check through repetitive measurement whether each time abnormity point all in same position, if in same position, then:
(1) if this Dian Men district, then first whether inspection door district scratches;
(2) secondly check whether the guide rail of this some correspondence is installed well, lead whether boots are fixed, whether guide rail is level and smooth;
(3) reexamine starting or retaining segment that whether abnormal vibrations occurs in mule carriage or parking, determine whether that the situation of brake drag lock occurs;
(4) when finally checking that elevator runs, whether counterweight collides with foreign matter in hoistway, and is sent to car, causes vibration
If abnormity point has randomness through repetitive measurement, then:
(5) first check whether trailing cable has scratching, arrange the need of increase trailing cable guar plate;
(6) secondly check whether there are enough spacing between hoist ropes, whether there is the phenomenon of hoist ropes knock against each other;
(7) finally check whether balancing chain rotates or rock in running process of elevator, or exists with guide piece and interferes, attempt the improvement situation of the position observation vibration problem adjusting balancing chain;
If a certain section of abnormal vibration in running process of elevator, then
(8) abnormal section guide rails assembling is first checked whether vertically or the situation whether having guide rail to get rusty;
(9) secondly check hoist ropes slippery conditions, whether hoist ropes has wearing and tearing or hoist ropes surface, and whether grease is too much;
If it is abnormal that elevator runs Whole-course Vibration, then:
(10) first check whether car has unbalance loading situation, and whether car opposite layer gate sill has tilt phenomenon;
Secondly (11) check power line voltage whether have fluctuation or voltage whether too low, power line voltage is adjusted, voltage stabilizer is installed;
(12) reexamine coder whether et out of order, check whether coder exists circumference and beats excessive or installs bad situation;
(13) determine whether the abnormal vibration that mechanical resonance causes, adjustment elevator speed or PI parameter observe the improvement situation of vibration;
If above measure does not all make Vibration Condition improve, more professional detection is done by contact elevator manufacturer;
Step 4.2: according to abnormal noise determination debugging plan, process is as follows:
The investigation of abnormal vibrations in integrating step 4.1, first determines what whether noise was caused by vibration; If the noise caused during switch gate, then whether inspection door machine runs normal; Reexamine in lift car and whether there is electric noise; If above measure does not all make Vibration Condition improve, then contact elevator manufacturer and do more professional detection.
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