CN105019489A - Continuous soil digging type excavator - Google Patents

Continuous soil digging type excavator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105019489A
CN105019489A CN201510413385.9A CN201510413385A CN105019489A CN 105019489 A CN105019489 A CN 105019489A CN 201510413385 A CN201510413385 A CN 201510413385A CN 105019489 A CN105019489 A CN 105019489A
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China
Prior art keywords
bucket
arm
conveyer belt
dig
digging
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CN201510413385.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105019489B (en
Inventor
周兆弟
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周兆弟
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Priority to CN201510413385.9A priority Critical patent/CN105019489B/en
Publication of CN105019489A publication Critical patent/CN105019489A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2016/000390 priority patent/WO2017008467A1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/18Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging wheels turning round an axis, e.g. bucket-type wheels

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of buildings, and relates to a continuous soil digging type excavator. The technical problem that the digging efficiency is low in the prior art is solved. The continuous soil digging type excavator comprises a base. The base is connected with a digging arm, and the end of the digging arm is connected with a digging bucket in a rotating mode. The digging arm is further provided with a digging bucket driving mechanism capable of driving the digging bucket to rotate circumferentially. The continuous soil digging type excavator is high in digging efficiency and capable of achieving continuous digging operation and material conveying.

Description

Continuous shoveling formula excavator
Technical field
The invention belongs to construction engineering technical field, relate to a kind of shoveling formula excavator continuously.
Background technology
Excavator, also known as excavation machinery excavating machinery), be excavate higher or lower than the material holding machine side with scraper bowl, and load haulage vehicle or unload the earth moving plant to rickyard.Material mainly soil, coal, silt and the Soil and Rock after pre-pine that excavator excavates.From the development of engineering machinery in recent years, the development of excavator is relatively very fast, and excavator has become one of topmost engineering machinery in engineering construction.Most important three parameters of excavator: Operating Weight quality, engine power and Bucket capacity.
The excavator of prior art is when excavated earth, and bucket will dig arm after digging out one block of material and move to material stacking place, namely step digging operation, therefore greatly limit the digging efficiency of excavator.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the problems referred to above, the continuous shoveling formula excavator that a kind of digging efficiency is high is provided.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical proposal: a kind of shoveling formula excavator continuously, comprises base, described base is connected with and digs arm, described arm end of digging is rotatably connected to a bucket, is also provided with a bucket driving mechanism that bucket can be driven to rotate in a circumferential direction digging on arm.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, described bucket comprises several scraper bowls that the circumference along bucket is evenly arranged.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, the sliding seat that described base comprises holder and is rotationally connected with holder, described sliding seat can along axial line circumference 360 ° of rotations of sliding seat.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, described base bottom both sides are provided with some rollers one to one, and described roller is connected with base rotation.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, described holder is provided with the central gear be fixedly connected with holder, described sliding seat is provided with the planetary gear set engaged with central gear, and planetary gear set can rotate around central gear thus sliding seat be rotated in a circumferential direction.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, the gear driven mechanism that described planetary gear set comprises planetary gear and is connected with planet gear drives, described gear driven mechanism is fixed in sliding seat, and planetary gear engages with central gear.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, described base is provided with the first conveyer belt mechanism, and described digging arm is fixed with the second conveyer belt mechanism and the two ends of the second conveyer belt mechanism extend to below bucket respectively and above the first conveyer belt mechanism.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, described dig arm comprise be hinged before dig arm and after dig arm, dig arm after described to be connected with base rotation, arm is dug and bucket is rotationally connected before described, the second described conveyer belt mechanism comprise with front dig arm be fixedly connected with before conveyer belt and with after dig the rear carrier that arm is fixedly connected with, one end of described front conveyer belt is pressed on rear carrier and the other end of front conveyer belt extends to below bucket, and the first described conveyer belt mechanism has two and is parallel to each other and is fixed on two opposite sides of base.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, dig arm end and have bucket support arm before described, this bucket support arm and bucket are rotationally connected and can keep bucket horizontal level in the axial direction.
In above-mentioned continuous shoveling formula excavator, described bucket is provided with being connected with bucket driving mechanism in horizontally disposed driving shaft and this driving shaft of being fixedly connected with bucket, and the two ends of bucket support arm clamp on the driving shaft and are connected with drive shaft turns.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that: digging efficiency is high, digging operation and the mass transport of continous way can be realized.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation in another direction provided by the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in another direction provided by the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation in another direction provided by the invention.
In figure: base 1, dig arm 2, bucket 3, bucket driving mechanism 4, scraper bowl 5, holder 6, sliding seat 7, roller 8, central gear 9, planetary gear set 10, gear driven mechanism 11, first conveyer belt mechanism 12, second conveyer belt mechanism 13, front dig arm 14, after dig arm 15, front conveyer belt 16, rear carrier 17, bucket support arm 18, driving shaft 19, planetary gear 20.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described in detail.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, a kind of shoveling formula excavator continuously, comprises base 1, described base 1 is connected with and digs arm 2, described arm 2 end of digging is rotatably connected to a bucket 3, is also provided with a bucket driving mechanism 4 that bucket 3 can be driven to rotate in a circumferential direction digging on arm 2.Bucket 3 comprises several scraper bowls 5 that the circumference along bucket 3 is evenly arranged, when bucket driving mechanism 4 drives bucket 3 to rotate, scraper bowl 5 and earth surface to be excavated, realize continous way and excavate action, greatly improve digging efficiency, bucket driving mechanism 4 can be oil cylinder or motor etc.
The sliding seat 7 that base 1 comprises holder 6 and is rotationally connected with holder 6, holder 6 can be connected by rotating shaft between sliding seat 7, and described sliding seat 7 can along axial line circumference 360 ° of rotations of sliding seat 7.Shown in composition graphs 2, holder 6 is provided with the central gear 9 be fixedly connected with holder 6, described sliding seat 7 is provided with the planetary gear set 10 engaged with central gear 9, and planetary gear set 10 can rotate around central gear 9 thus sliding seat 7 be rotated in a circumferential direction.Planetary gear set 10 comprises planetary gear and drives with planetary gear 20 gear driven mechanism 11 be connected, and described gear driven mechanism 11 is fixed in sliding seat 7, and planetary gear 20 engages with central gear 9.In the present embodiment, gear driven mechanism 11 is motor.
Can be pedrail mechanism or other walking mechanisms that base 1 can be driven to walk bottom base 1.In the present embodiment, base 1 two bottom sides is provided with some rollers one to one 8, and described roller 8 is rotationally connected with base 1, and base 1 is provided with the motor that energy drive pulley 8 is rotated, and when machine operation, drive pulley 8 is rotated, and base 1 can move.The present embodiment rotating pulley 8, as the walking mechanism of base 1, is mainly considered that pulley 8 can coordinate with guide assembly, thus is walked on guide assembly.
Again shown in composition graphs 4, base 1 is provided with the first conveyer belt mechanism 12, preferably, first conveyer belt mechanism 12 can have two, be positioned at the both sides that base 1 is opposite, arm 2 is fixed with the second conveyer belt mechanism 13 to digging described in the first conveyer belt mechanism 12 and the two ends of the second conveyer belt mechanism 13 extend to below bucket 3 respectively and above the first conveyer belt mechanism 12, second conveyer belt mechanism 13 can be fixed on and dig below arm 2 or on sidewall, material in bucket 3 or scraper bowl 5 can drop into the second conveyer belt mechanism 13 and be transported to the first conveyer belt mechanism 12, realize excavating continuously and continus convergence operation.
Again shown in composition graphs 2, dig arm 2 comprise be hinged before dig arm 14 and after dig arm 15, before dig arm 14 and after dig arm 15 and can be realized by oil cylinder bending, namely one end of oil cylinder is dug after being fixed on arm 15, dig on arm 14 before the other end is fixed on, when oil cylinder is elastic, before dig arm 14 and after dig arm 15 and realize bending or stretch, thus before realizing, dig the adjustment that arm 14 excavates height, dig arm 15 after described to be rotationally connected with base 1, dig arm 14 before described to be rotationally connected with bucket 3, the second described conveyer belt mechanism 13 comprise with front dig arm 14 be fixedly connected with before conveyer belt 16 and with after dig the rear carrier 17 that arm 15 is fixedly connected with, one end of described front conveyer belt 16 is pressed on rear carrier 17 and the other end of front conveyer belt 16 extends to below bucket 3, the first described conveyer belt mechanism 12 has two and is parallel to each other and is fixed on two opposite sides of base 1.
Before dig arm 14 end there is bucket support arm 18, this bucket support arm 18 is rotationally connected with bucket 3 and can keeps bucket 3 horizontal level in the axial direction.In the present embodiment, bucket 3 is provided with being connected with bucket driving mechanism 4 in horizontally disposed driving shaft 19 and this driving shaft 19 of being fixedly connected with bucket 3, bucket 3 is run through at the two ends of driving shaft 19, and the two ends of bucket support arm 18 to be clamped on driving shaft 19 and to be rotationally connected with driving shaft 19.Certainly, driving shaft 19 also can not run through bucket 3, and at this moment driving shaft 19 is affixed with bucket 3 surface, and bucket 3 another surface opposite with driving shaft 19 connects a driven shaft, and driving shaft 19 and driven shaft are rotationally connected with bucket 3 respectively.
Operating principle of the present invention is: when excavators is to ground to be excavated, bucket driving mechanism 4 drives bucket 3 to rotate, scraper bowl 5 starts excavated earth, the material that earth material or other needs excavate enters into scraper bowl 5, after each scraper bowl 5 rotates a circle, material drops on the second conveyer belt mechanism 13, the position of adjustment planetary gear 20 and central gear 9, the position of adjustable holder 6 and sliding seat 7, also the direction digging arm 2 can be adjusted, thus make the material on the second conveyer belt mechanism 13 directly drop on the first conveyer belt mechanism 12, in mining process, namely realize the continus convergence of material, when excavator is along track travel, only need arrange corresponding conveyer belt mechanism in orbit connects the first conveyer belt mechanism 12, material in excavation regions can be delivered directly to outside excavation regions, very convenient, thus significantly improve the operating efficiency of excavator.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various amendment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.
Although more employ base 1 herein, dig arm 2, bucket 3, bucket driving mechanism 4, scraper bowl 5, holder 6, sliding seat 7, roller 8, central gear 9, planetary gear set 10, gear driven mechanism 11, first conveyer belt mechanism 12, second conveyer belt mechanism 13, front dig arm 14, after dig the terms such as arm 15, front conveyer belt 16, rear carrier 17, bucket support arm 18, driving shaft 19, planetary gear 20, do not get rid of and use the possibility of other term.These terms are used to be only used to describe and explain essence of the present invention more easily; The restriction that they are construed to any one additional is all contrary with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a continuous shoveling formula excavator, comprise base (1), described base (1) is connected with and digs arm (2), it is characterized in that, described arm (2) end of digging is rotatably connected to a bucket (3), is also provided with a bucket driving mechanism (4) that bucket (3) can be driven to rotate in a circumferential direction digging on arm (2).
2. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described bucket (3) comprises several scraper bowls (5) that the circumference along bucket (3) is evenly arranged.
3. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, the sliding seat (7) that described base (1) comprises holder (6) and is rotationally connected with holder (6), described sliding seat (7) can along axial line circumference 360 ° of rotations of sliding seat (7).
4. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described base (1) two bottom sides is provided with some rollers one to one (8), and described roller (8) and base (1) are rotationally connected.
5. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described holder (6) is provided with the central gear (9) be fixedly connected with holder (6), described sliding seat (7) is provided with the planetary gear set (10) engaged with central gear (9), and planetary gear set (10) can rotate around central gear (9) thus sliding seat (7) be rotated in a circumferential direction.
6. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, the gear driven mechanism (11) that described planetary gear set (10) comprises planetary gear and is connected with planet gear drives, described gear driven mechanism (11) is fixed in sliding seat (7), and planetary gear engages with central gear (9).
7. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described base (1) is provided with the first conveyer belt mechanism (12), and described digging arm (2) is fixed with the second conveyer belt mechanism (13) and the two ends of the second conveyer belt mechanism (13) extend to above bucket (3) below and the first conveyer belt mechanism (12) respectively.
8. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described dig arm (2) comprise be hinged before dig arm (14) and after dig arm (15), dig arm (15) after described to be rotationally connected with base (1), dig arm (14) before described to be rotationally connected with bucket (3), described the second conveyer belt mechanism (13) comprise with front dig front conveyer belt (16) that arm (14) is fixedly connected with and with after dig the rear carrier (17) that arm (15) is fixedly connected with, one end of described front conveyer belt (16) is pressed on that rear carrier (17) is upper and the other end of front conveyer belt (16) extends to bucket (3) below, described the first conveyer belt mechanism (12) has two and is parallel to each other and is fixed on two opposite sides of base (1).
9. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, dig arm (14) end before described and have bucket support arm (18), this bucket support arm (18) and bucket (3) are rotationally connected and can keep bucket (3) horizontal level in the axial direction.
10. continuous shoveling formula excavator according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described bucket (3) is provided with being connected with bucket driving mechanism (4) in horizontally disposed driving shaft (19) and this driving shaft (19) of being fixedly connected with bucket (3), and the two ends of bucket support arm (18) are clamped in driving shaft (19) and go up and be rotationally connected with driving shaft (19).
CN201510413385.9A 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Continuous shoveling formula excavator Active CN105019489B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510413385.9A CN105019489B (en) 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Continuous shoveling formula excavator
PCT/CN2016/000390 WO2017008467A1 (en) 2015-07-14 2016-07-14 Continuous excavation excavating machinery

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510413385.9A CN105019489B (en) 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Continuous shoveling formula excavator

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CN105019489B CN105019489B (en) 2018-03-13

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105887949A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-24 南京工程学院 Reverse building method construction mechanical device
WO2017008467A1 (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-01-19 周兆弟 Continuous excavation excavating machinery
CN112127397A (en) * 2020-08-09 2020-12-25 上海珩鋆机械有限公司 Coal mine excavating equipment

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112482470B (en) * 2020-11-18 2022-09-06 广东宏展建设工程有限公司 Foundation trench soil cleaning device and soil cleaning method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05149073A (en) * 1991-11-27 1993-06-15 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Underground excavator
CN1172196A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-02-04 克鲁勃工业技术有限公司 Bucket dredger attack method
CN202187764U (en) * 2011-08-15 2012-04-11 王兴龙 Integrally moving type mining and dressing unit in sand mine
CN102677712A (en) * 2011-03-12 2012-09-19 刘素华 Rolling-type material-raking loading method and rolling-type material-raking loading machine
CN204940380U (en) * 2015-07-14 2016-01-06 周兆弟 Continuous shoveling formula excavator

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DE19749246A1 (en) * 1997-11-07 1999-05-27 Krupp Foerdertechnik Gmbh Bucket wheel excavator running on endless track
CN203081446U (en) * 2011-03-12 2013-07-24 刘素华 Raking and crushing and cleaning loader
DE102013103231A1 (en) * 2013-03-28 2014-10-02 Thyssenkrupp Resource Technologies Gmbh Material removal and conveying system with a bucket wheel excavator in compact design
CN105019489B (en) * 2015-07-14 2018-03-13 周兆弟 Continuous shoveling formula excavator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05149073A (en) * 1991-11-27 1993-06-15 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Underground excavator
CN1172196A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-02-04 克鲁勃工业技术有限公司 Bucket dredger attack method
CN102677712A (en) * 2011-03-12 2012-09-19 刘素华 Rolling-type material-raking loading method and rolling-type material-raking loading machine
CN202187764U (en) * 2011-08-15 2012-04-11 王兴龙 Integrally moving type mining and dressing unit in sand mine
CN204940380U (en) * 2015-07-14 2016-01-06 周兆弟 Continuous shoveling formula excavator

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017008467A1 (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-01-19 周兆弟 Continuous excavation excavating machinery
CN105887949A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-24 南京工程学院 Reverse building method construction mechanical device
CN105887949B (en) * 2016-06-03 2018-07-20 南京工程学院 A kind of reverse construction mechanical device
CN112127397A (en) * 2020-08-09 2020-12-25 上海珩鋆机械有限公司 Coal mine excavating equipment

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CN105019489B (en) 2018-03-13

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