CN204849883U - Three -dimensional excavation system - Google Patents

Three -dimensional excavation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204849883U
CN204849883U CN201520509414.7U CN201520509414U CN204849883U CN 204849883 U CN204849883 U CN 204849883U CN 201520509414 U CN201520509414 U CN 201520509414U CN 204849883 U CN204849883 U CN 204849883U
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Prior art keywords
excavator
longitudinal rail
bucket
arm
dimensional
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CN201520509414.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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周兆弟
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周兆弟
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of the building, a three -dimensional excavation system is related to. The problem of prior art excavate the technique of inefficiency is solved. It includes the excavator, the excavator include and rotate the arm that digs is connected with the excavator, that treats the excavation subaerially is equipped with a plurality of transverse guide that are parallel to each other, transverse guide the vertical guide Assembly who is equipped with with transverse guide roll connection go up to press, excavator bottom running gear has, the excavator is pressed and is established on vertical guide Assembly and running gear and vertical guide Assembly roll connection. The utility model discloses can improve the removal efficiency of excavator by a wide margin to make the excavator need not sail the soil that the subsurface also can dig out the ground below into, very big improvement excavation efficiency, increased the security of excacation.

Description

Three-dimensional digging system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to construction engineering technical field, relates to a kind of three-dimensional digging system.
Background technology
Excavator, also known as excavation machinery excavatingmachinery, is excavate higher or lower than the material holding machine side with scraper bowl, and loads haulage vehicle or unload the earth moving plant to rickyard.Material mainly soil, coal, silt and the Soil and Rock after pre-pine that excavator excavates.From the development of engineering machinery in recent years, the development of excavator is relatively very fast, and excavator has become one of topmost engineering machinery in engineering construction.Most important three parameters of excavator: Operating Weight quality, engine power and Bucket capacity.
Excavator is when excavating darker ground, and due to the restriction of digging arm length, excavator needs to sail in excavation hole, although can dig out larger-size melt pit, excavation speed is very slow.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is for the problems referred to above, provides a kind of three-dimensional digging system that can improve excavator operating efficiency.
For achieving the above object, the utility model have employed following technical proposal: a kind of three-dimensional digging system, comprise excavator, described excavator comprise be rotationally connected with excavator dig arm, ground to be excavated is provided with some cross slide waies be parallel to each other, described cross slide way is installed with the longitudinal rail assembly be connected that to roll with cross slide way, has walking mechanism bottom described excavator, excavator is pressed on longitudinal rail assembly and walking mechanism is rolled with longitudinal rail assembly and is connected.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, described longitudinal rail assembly comprises two and is parallel to each other and the active longitudinal rail be fixedly connected with and driven longitudinal rail, described active longitudinal rail and driven longitudinal rail are provided with and match with cross slide way and pulley assembly one to one, described active longitudinal rail is provided with the pulley drive that energy drive pulley assembly rotates, and described walking mechanism comprises the roll wheel assembly matched with longitudinal rail assembly.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, described active longitudinal rail and the sidepiece of driven longitudinal rail are installed with a traveling bed respectively, the cross slide way be connected with the end of longitudinal rail assembly is installed with transverse onveyer, and the discharge end of described traveling bed is positioned at above transverse onveyer.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, described excavator both sides parallel with cross slide way are fixed with one respectively and excavate conveyer belt, and the discharge end of described excavation conveyer belt is positioned at above traveling bed.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, described arm end of digging has and the bucket digging arm and be rotationally connected, described dig arm is fixed with dig arm conveyer belt.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, the sliding seat that described excavator comprises base and is connected with base rotation, is dug arm and is arranged in sliding seat, be rotationally connected between described sliding seat and base by rotating drive mechanism.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, described rotating drive mechanism comprises the central gear be fixedly connected with base, the planetary gear described sliding seat being fixed with rotary driver and being connected with rotary driver, described planetary gear engages with central gear, when rotary driver drives planetary gear rotation, described planetary gear can rotate around central gear thus sliding seat can be rotated around the axial line circumference of base.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, described sliding seat is provided with bracing frame, digs arm and bracing frame is hinged, described bracing frame is also provided with an oil cylinder, described oil cylinder one end and bracing frame hinged, the other end is with to dig arm hinged.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, the described arm that digs comprises the forearm and postbrachium that are hinged, described postbrachium and bracing frame hinged, described forearm end is rotationally connected bucket.
In above-mentioned three-dimensional digging system, the sidewall of described forearm end is fixed with a bucket fixed frame, described bucket and bucket fixed frame are rotationally connected, bucket fixed frame is installed with a bucket driver, described bucket driver connects bucket and bucket can be driven to rotate in a circumferential direction, and described bucket comprises several scraper bowls circumferentially evenly arranged.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of: the mobile efficiency that significantly can improve excavator, and make excavator not need to sail into underground also to dig out soil below ground, greatly improve digging efficiency, add the safety of excacation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the utility model provides;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation in another direction that utility model provides;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in another direction that the utility model provides;
Fig. 4 is the A place enlarged drawing of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of excavator;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation in another direction of excavator;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation in another direction of excavator.
In figure: excavator 1, cross slide way 2, longitudinal rail assembly 3, walking mechanism 4, initiatively longitudinal rail 5, driven longitudinal rail 6, pulley assembly 7, pulley drive 8, roll wheel assembly 9, traveling bed 10, transverse onveyer 11, excavate conveyer belt 12, dig arm 13, bucket 14, dig arm conveyer belt 15, base 16, sliding seat 17, rotating drive mechanism 18, central gear 19, rotary driver 20, planetary gear 21, bracing frame 22, oil cylinder 23, forearm 24, postbrachium 25, bucket fixed frame 26, bucket driver 27, scraper bowl 28, rotating shaft 29, front excavation conveyer belt 30, after dig arm conveyer belt 31, column 32.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in more detail.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of three-dimensional digging system, comprise excavator 1, described excavator 1 comprise be rotationally connected with excavator 1 dig arm 13, ground to be excavated is provided with some cross slide waies 2 be parallel to each other, described cross slide way 2 is installed with the longitudinal rail assembly 3 be connected that to roll with cross slide way 2, has walking mechanism 4 bottom described excavator 1, excavator 1 is pressed on longitudinal rail assembly 3 and walking mechanism 4 is rolled with longitudinal rail assembly 3 and is connected.Cross slide way 2 can fix on the ground, also can be fixed with the column 32 of some vertical settings in bottom, is formed support cross slide way 2.
Shown in composition graphs 4, longitudinal rail assembly 3 comprises two and is parallel to each other and the active longitudinal rail 5 be fixedly connected with and driven longitudinal rail 6, described active longitudinal rail 5 and driven longitudinal rail 6 are provided with and match with cross slide way 2 and pulley assembly 7 one to one, described active longitudinal rail 5 is provided with the pulley drive 8 that energy drive pulley assembly 7 rotates, and described walking mechanism 4 comprises the roll wheel assembly 9 matched with longitudinal rail assembly 3.
Initiatively the sidepiece of longitudinal rail 5 and driven longitudinal rail 6 is installed with a traveling bed 10 respectively, the cross slide way 2 be connected with the end of longitudinal rail assembly 3 is installed with transverse onveyer 11, and the discharge end of described traveling bed 10 is positioned at above transverse onveyer 11.
Again shown in composition graphs 5-7, excavator 1 both sides parallel with cross slide way 2 are fixed with one respectively and excavate conveyer belt 12, and the discharge end of described excavation conveyer belt 12 is positioned at above traveling bed 10.Dig arm 13 end to have and the bucket 14 digging arm 13 and be rotationally connected, described dig arm 13 is fixed with dig arm conveyer belt 15.
Excavator 1 comprise base 16 and with the sliding seat 17 that base 16 is rotationally connected, dig arm 13 and be arranged in sliding seat 17, be rotationally connected by rotating drive mechanism 18 between described sliding seat 17 and base 16.
Rotating drive mechanism 18 comprises the central gear 19 be fixedly connected with base 16, the planetary gear 21 described sliding seat 17 being fixed with rotary driver 20 and being connected with rotary driver 20, described planetary gear 21 engages with central gear 19, when rotary driver 20 drives planetary gear 21 to rotate, described planetary gear 21 can rotate around central gear 19 thus sliding seat 17 can be rotated around the axial line circumference of base 16.
Sliding seat 17 is provided with bracing frame 22, digs arm 13 hinged with bracing frame 22, described bracing frame 22 is also provided with an oil cylinder 23, and described oil cylinder 23 one end is hinged with bracing frame 22, the other end and to dig arm 13 hinged.Dig arm 13 and comprise the forearm 24 and postbrachium 25 that are hinged, described postbrachium 25 is hinged with bracing frame 22, described forearm 24 end is rotationally connected bucket 14, excavate to excavate before conveyer belt 12 comprises conveyer belt 30 and after dig arm conveyer belt 31, front excavation conveyer belt 30 and after dig arm conveyer belt 31 be hinged can with dig arm 13 and synchronously bend.
The sidewall of forearm 24 end is fixed with a bucket fixed frame 26, described bucket 14 is rotationally connected with bucket fixed frame 26, bucket fixed frame 26 is installed with a bucket driver 27, described bucket driver 27 connects bucket 14 and bucket 14 can be driven to rotate in a circumferential direction, bucket driver 27 is oil cylinder or motor, and be connected with rotating shaft 29, rotating shaft 29 is connected with bucket 14, described bucket 14 comprises several scraper bowls 28 circumferentially evenly arranged, and bucket fixed frame 26 and rotating shaft 29 are rotationally connected.
Operating principle of the present utility model is: excavator 1 is walked back and forth on longitudinal rail assembly 3 by walking mechanism 4, longitudinal excavation can be formed, longitudinal rail assembly 3 can be moved around by pulley assembly 7 on cross slide way 2 guide rail, thus change the excavation circuit of excavator 1, make the excavation scope of excavator 1 can cover whole region to be excavated, bucket 14 rotates and makes scraper bowl 28 excavated earth continuously, the earth material excavated delivers to excavation conveyer belt 12 successively through digging arm conveyer belt 15, on traveling bed 10 and transverse onveyer 11, form the direct discharge of continous way, accelerate the process of excacation, improve the efficiency of excavation.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the utility model spirit.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various amendment or supplements or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present utility model or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.
Although more employ excavator 1 herein, cross slide way 2, longitudinal rail assembly 3, walking mechanism 4, initiatively longitudinal rail 5, driven longitudinal rail 6, pulley assembly 7, pulley drive 8, roll wheel assembly 9, traveling bed 10, transverse onveyer 11, excavate conveyer belt 12, dig arm 13, bucket 14, dig arm conveyer belt 15, base 16, sliding seat 17, rotating drive mechanism 18, central gear 19, rotary driver 20, planetary gear 21, bracing frame 22, oil cylinder 23, forearm 24, postbrachium 25, bucket fixed frame 26, bucket driver 27, scraper bowl 28, rotating shaft 29, front excavation conveyer belt 30, after dig term such as arm conveyer belt 31 grade, but do not get rid of the possibility using other term.These terms are used to be only used to describe and explain essence of the present utility model more easily; The restriction that they are construed to any one additional is all contrary with the utility model spirit.

Claims (10)

1. a three-dimensional digging system, comprise excavator (1), described excavator (1) comprise be rotationally connected with excavator (1) dig arm (13), it is characterized in that, ground to be excavated is provided with some cross slide waies (2) be parallel to each other, described cross slide way (2) is installed with the longitudinal rail assembly (3) be connected that to roll with cross slide way (2), described excavator (1) bottom has walking mechanism (4), excavator (1) is pressed on the upper and walking mechanism (4) of longitudinal rail assembly (3) and rolls with longitudinal rail assembly (3) and be connected.
2. three-dimensional digging system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described longitudinal rail assembly (3) comprises two and is parallel to each other and the active longitudinal rail (5) be fixedly connected with and driven longitudinal rail (6), described active longitudinal rail (5) and driven longitudinal rail (6) are provided with and match with cross slide way (2) and pulley assembly (7) one to one, described active longitudinal rail (5) is provided with the pulley drive (8) that energy drive pulley assembly (7) rotates, described walking mechanism (4) comprises the roll wheel assembly (9) matched with longitudinal rail assembly (3).
3. three-dimensional digging system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described active longitudinal rail (5) and the sidepiece of driven longitudinal rail (6) are installed with a traveling bed (10) respectively, the cross slide way (2) be connected with the end of longitudinal rail assembly (3) is installed with transverse onveyer (11), and the discharge end of described traveling bed (10) is positioned at transverse onveyer (11) top.
4. three-dimensional digging system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described excavator (1) both sides parallel with cross slide way (2) are fixed with one respectively and excavate conveyer belt (12), and the discharge end of described excavation conveyer belt (12) is positioned at traveling bed (10) top.
5. three-dimensional digging system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described arm (13) end of digging has and the bucket (14) digging arm (13) and be rotationally connected, described dig arm (13) is fixed with dig arm conveyer belt (15).
6. the three-dimensional digging system according to claim 1-5 any one, it is characterized in that, the sliding seat (17) that described excavator (1) comprises base (16) and is rotationally connected with base (16), digging arm (13) is arranged in sliding seat (17), is rotationally connected between described sliding seat (17) and base (16) by rotating drive mechanism (18).
7. three-dimensional digging system according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described rotating drive mechanism (18) comprises the central gear (19) be fixedly connected with base (16), the planetary gear (21) described sliding seat (17) being fixed with rotary driver (20) and being connected with rotary driver (20), described planetary gear (21) engages with central gear (19), when rotary driver (20) drives planetary gear (21) to rotate, described planetary gear (21) can rotate around central gear (19) thus sliding seat (17) can be rotated around the axial line circumference of base (16).
8. three-dimensional digging system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described sliding seat (17) is provided with bracing frame (22), dig arm (13) hinged with bracing frame (22), described bracing frame (22) is also provided with an oil cylinder (23), described oil cylinder (23) one end and bracing frame (22) hinged, the other end is with to dig arm (13) hinged.
9. three-dimensional digging system according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, the described arm (13) that digs comprises the forearm (24) and postbrachium (25) that are hinged, described postbrachium (25) is hinged with bracing frame (22), and described forearm (24) end is rotationally connected bucket (14).
10. three-dimensional digging system according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, the sidewall of described forearm (24) end is fixed with a bucket fixed frame (26), described bucket (14) and bucket fixed frame (26) are rotationally connected, bucket fixed frame (26) is installed with a bucket driver (27), described bucket driver (27) connects bucket (14) and bucket (14) can be driven to rotate in a circumferential direction, and described bucket (14) comprises several scraper bowls (28) circumferentially evenly arranged.
CN201520509414.7U 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Three -dimensional excavation system Active CN204849883U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105019505A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-04 周兆弟 Three-dimensional digging system
WO2017008465A1 (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-01-19 周兆弟 Three-dimensional excavation system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105019505A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-04 周兆弟 Three-dimensional digging system
WO2017008465A1 (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-01-19 周兆弟 Three-dimensional excavation system

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