CN105014098B - Horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine - Google Patents

Horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105014098B
CN105014098B CN201510482423.6A CN201510482423A CN105014098B CN 105014098 B CN105014098 B CN 105014098B CN 201510482423 A CN201510482423 A CN 201510482423A CN 105014098 B CN105014098 B CN 105014098B
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China
Prior art keywords
axis
module
fixture
workbench
workpiece
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CN201510482423.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105014098A (en
Inventor
何凯
朱大壮
方海涛
邱艳
陈浩
汪正东
杜如虚
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Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of CAS
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Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of CAS
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Priority to CN201510482423.6A priority Critical patent/CN105014098B/en
Publication of CN105014098A publication Critical patent/CN105014098A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2015/098878 priority patent/WO2017024724A1/en
Priority to IT102016000082475A priority patent/IT201600082475A1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B5/00Turning-machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B23/00Tailstocks; Centres
    • B23B23/04Live centres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/0067Devices for removing chips chip containers located under a machine or under a chip conveyor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/08Protective coverings for parts of machine tools; Splash guards
    • B23Q11/0816Foldable coverings, e.g. bellows
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B5/00Machines or apparatus for embossing decorations or marks, e.g. embossing coins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Machine Tool Units (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention is a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine, and workbench is provided with into knife module and fixture module, and fixture module can drive workpiece to carry out rotation and swing.Enter knife module and enter knife module and second including structure identical first to enter knife module, first enters knife module and second enters the setting that knife module is centrosymmetric on the axis of oscillation of workpiece on the table.First, which enters knife module and second, enters to be equipped with cutter on knife module, and first, which enters knife module and second, enters knife module energy band cutter along X-direction or Z-direction translation, and energy band cutter is around X-axis swing.The present invention processes while realizing double-pole, greatly improves processing efficiency, is easy to the assembling and setting of complete machine, and the jewelry of a machining various shapes can be achieved, improve the versatility of pattern-etching machine, while improve the organic efficiency of chip.

Description

Horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine
Technical field
The present invention is on a kind of lathe for the flower processing of bullion car, more particularly to a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole car Flower machine.
Background technology
At present, though there is certain research for pattern-etching machine both at home and abroad, many drawbacks still be present.In order to ensure jewelry head The manufacturability and precision of car flower processing are adornd, the relative position of the componental movement axle of pattern-etching machine must is fulfilled for strict requirements.It is existing Micro-adjusting mechanism is not set when pattern-etching machine whole machine installation is debugged, and each initial relative positional accuracy of axle only ensures by processing, certainly will Cause installation difficult and in initial position just to ensure that machining accuracy has buried hidden danger.Existing pattern-etching machine generally uses vertical hilted broadsword Processing, efficiency is low, and for the product of different shape specification, the versatility of existing pattern-etching machine is poor and chip recycling rate is generally inclined It is low.Existing pattern-etching machine installation is in the presence of debugging is difficult, machining accuracy is not generally high, efficiency is low, the shape for processing jewelry is wanted Ask strict, poor universality and chip recycling difficulty.
Thus, the present inventor relies on experience and the practice for being engaged in relevant industries for many years, proposes a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole car Flower machine, the defects of to overcome prior art.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine, process while realizing double-pole, carry significantly High processing efficiency.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine, it is easy to the assembling and setting of complete machine, carries The precision of height processing.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine, and a machining various shapes can be achieved Jewelry, improve the versatility of pattern-etching machine.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine, can improve the organic efficiency of chip.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, and a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine, the pattern-etching machine includes workbench, The workbench is provided with into knife module and fixture module;Set X-axis and the plane where Z axis and the work in orthogonal coordinate system Make that the table top of platform is parallel, table top of the Y-axis perpendicular to the workbench;The fixture module is used for clamping workpiece, the jig plate Block drives workpiece to carry out rotation and swing, and the rotation axis of workpiece is parallel with the table top of the workbench, the axis of oscillation of workpiece It is vertical with the table top of the workbench;
It is described enter knife module enter knife module and second including structure identical first and enter knife module, described first enters knife module Enter the setting that knife module is centrosymmetric on the workbench on the axis of oscillation of workpiece with second;
Described first, which enters knife module and second, enters to be equipped with cutter on knife module, and described first enters knife module and the second feed Module drives corresponding cutters to be translated along X-direction or Z-direction respectively, and drives corresponding cutters to be swung around X-axis.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, first, which enters knife module, includes:Z axis translation stage, the Z axis translation stage are consolidated It is scheduled on the workbench, the Z axis translation stage is extended along Z-direction;
X-axis translation stage, the X-axis translation stage are arranged on the Z axis translation stage, under Z axis driven in translation element drives Translated along Z axis;
X-axis pendulous device, the X-axis pendulous device are arranged on the X-axis translation stage, are driven in X-axis driven in translation element Translated under dynamic along X-axis;And the X-axis pendulous device is swung under the driving of X-axis wobble drive element around X-axis;
Knife rest, the knife rest are connected with the X-axis pendulous device and swung together with the X-axis pendulous device, the knife Tool is arranged on the knife rest.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, fixture module includes:Fixture mounting base, the fixture mounting base Downside be fixedly connected with fixture swinging axle, table top of the fixture swinging axle perpendicular to the workbench;The fixture installation A horizontal slide rail is fixed with the upside of bottom plate;
Stationary fixture mounting seat, the stationary fixture mounting seat is fixedly installed on the fixture mounting base, positioned at institute State one end of horizontal slide rail;Rotated in the stationary fixture mounting seat and be provided with first top, the described first top pivot center Parallel to the table top of the workbench;
Movable clamp mounting seat, the movable clamp mounting seat are slidably arranged on the horizontal slide rail;The mobile folder Having to rotate in mounting seat is provided with second top, and described second top top is oppositely arranged and both pivot centers with described first Overlap;
Workpiece rotation driving element, the workpiece rotation driving element drive the first top rotation;
Fixture moves driving element, and the fixture movement driving element drives the movable clamp mounting seat along the level Slide rail slides;
Workpiece wobble drive element, fixture swinging axle described in the workpiece wobble drive element drives rotate.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, Z axis translation stage is provided with Z axis translating element, and the Z axis translating element is in institute State and translated under Z axis driven in translation element drives along Z axis, the X-axis translation stage is fixedly connected in the Z axis translating element;
The X-axis translation stage is provided with X-axis translating element, and the X-axis translating element is under the X-axis driven in translation element drives Translated along X-axis, the axis of guide extended along Y direction is fixed with the X-axis translating element, the X-axis pendulous device is slided and set Put on the axis of guide, and be relatively fixed by lock-screw and the axis of guide.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, X-axis pendulous device includes bearing, and the bearing sliding is arranged on described On the axis of guide, and it is relatively fixed by the lock-screw and the axis of guide;The X-axis wobble drive is fixed on the bearing Element, the rotary output axis of the X-axis wobble drive element are set along X-direction, and one is fixedly connected with the rotary output axis Flange connector, the knife rest are connected on the flange connector by dovetail groove adjustment mechanism.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, dovetail groove adjustment mechanism includes:First adjustment part, first adjustment The side of part is fixedly connected with the flange connector, and opposite side is provided with the first dovetail groove extended along Z-direction;
Second adjustment part, the side of second adjustment part are slided with first adjustment part by first dovetail groove Connection, opposite side are provided with the second dovetail groove extended along Y direction;
3rd adjustment part, side and second adjustment part of the 3rd adjustment part are slided by second dovetail groove Connection, opposite side are fixedly connected with the knife rest.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, cutter is rotatably arranged on the knife rest, fixed on the knife rest to set There are cutter drives element and belt wheel group, the cutter drives element is connected to the knife by transmission belt around the belt wheel group Tool, the cutter is driven to rotate;
Protective cover is additionally provided with the knife rest, the protective cover encapsulates the belt wheel group, prevents chip from entering wherein.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, first enters between knife module and the fixture module, described second enters Chip disposable box is equipped between knife module and the fixture module, the chip disposable box is arranged on the workbench;Institute State and chip discharge mouth is additionally provided with workbench, the lower section of the workbench is provided with chip collecting device, cutting on the workbench Bits are fallen into the chip collecting device by the chip discharge mouth.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, Z axis driven in translation element is located at one end of the Z axis translation stage, leads to Crossing linear module drives the Z axis translating element to be translated along Z axis;
The X-axis driven in translation element is located at one end of the X-axis translation stage, drives the X-axis to put down by linear module Part is moved to translate along X-axis;
Being equipped with the Z axis translation stage and the X-axis translation stage prevents chip from falling into flexible organ cover therein.
The present invention a better embodiment in, first it is top by intermediate connector can dismantle be arranged on it is described solid In clamp tool mounting seat;Described second it is top by intermediate connector can dismantle be arranged on the movable clamp mounting seat on;
The fixture mounting base is provided with buffer element, and the buffer element is located at the movable clamp mounting seat along institute State on direction of the horizontal slide rail away from the stationary fixture mounting seat, and the movable clamp mounting seat can be touched.
In the better embodiment of the present invention, fixture swinging axle is rotatably arranged on the workbench by bearing block On, the workpiece wobble drive element is arranged on below the workbench by driving element mounting seat;The chip disposable box By magnet adsorption on the bearing block.
From the above mentioned, pattern-etching machine of the invention spends the particularity of processing according to bullion car, and decorative pattern is often on workpiece Center be centrosymmetric and direction of feed must along processing stand normal feed, enter knife module using two and set location on The axis of oscillation of workpiece is centrosymmetric, and the motion of knife module and each axle of fixture module is respectively entered by reasonable distribution, utilizes each mould The aggregate motion of each axle is realized double-pole while processed in block, greatly improves the efficiency of processing, can also realize different shape, difference rule The Product processing of lattice, improve the versatility of pattern-etching machine.By adjusting into the dovetail groove adjustment mechanism in knife module, it is easy to installation and adjusts Try and ensure the precision of converted products.By the chip recycling device that reasonable Arrangement is simple and practical, the recovery of chip is greatly improved Efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
The following drawings is only intended to, in doing schematic illustration and explanation to the present invention, not delimit the scope of the invention.Wherein:
Fig. 1:For the overall structure front schematic view of double-pole pattern-etching machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2:For the schematic top plan view of double-pole pattern-etching machine modules of the present invention.
Fig. 3:For the structural representation of fixture module in double-pole pattern-etching machine of the present invention.
Fig. 4:To process the initial manufacture schematic diagram of elliposoidal workpiece using pattern-etching machine of the present invention.
Fig. 5:Post-processing schematic diagram is rotated to process elliposoidal workpiece using pattern-etching machine of the present invention.
Embodiment
In order to which technical characteristic, purpose and the effect of the present invention is more clearly understood, now control illustrates this hair Bright embodiment.
As shown in figure 1, the invention provides a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine, it can meet that high accuracy, high efficiency, height are cut Consider the processing request of the rate of recovery to be worth doing.The pattern-etching machine includes a workbench, and workbench is provided with into knife module and fixture module.Setting X-axis and plane where Z axis are parallel with the table top of workbench in the orthogonal coordinate system of pattern-etching machine, and Y-axis is perpendicular to workbench Table top, indicated referring to the coordinate in each accompanying drawing.Fixture module is used for clamping workpiece, fixture module can drive workpiece carry out rotation and Swing, the rotation axis of workpiece is parallel with the table top of workbench, and the axis of oscillation of workpiece is vertical with the table top of workbench.Enter cutting die Block enters knife module and second including structure identical first and enters knife module, and first, which enters knife module and second, enters knife module in workbench On the setting that is centrosymmetric of axis of oscillation on workpiece.First, which enters knife module and second, enters to be equipped with cutter on knife module, First, which enters knife module and second, enters knife module and can drive corresponding cutter and can be driven along X-direction or Z-direction translation Corresponding cutter is swung around X-axis.
For the particularity of bullion car flower processing technique, decorative pattern is often centrosymmetric (such as on the center of workpiece A points are consistent with B point decorative patterns in Fig. 4) and direction of feed must along processing stand normal feed.The pattern-etching machine of the present invention makes full use of The regularity of this car flower process, enters knife module using two and set location is centrosymmetric on the axis of oscillation of workpiece, The axis of oscillation of workpiece passes through the center of workpiece and vertical with the table top of workbench, namely the side of the axis of oscillation of workpiece and Y-axis To consistent.First, which enters knife module and second, enters knife module energy band cutter along X-direction or Z-direction translation, and can drive Cutter is swung around X-axis, and fixture module can drive workpiece to carry out rotation and swing, and X-direction is the direction of feed of cutter, is passed through The swing of workpiece makes the normal direction of processing stand be overlapped with X-direction.Knife module and each axle of fixture module are entered by reasonable distribution Motion, the pattern-etching machine have eight axles the processing free degree, being made using the aggregate motion of each axle of each module can in its process To realize double-pole while process, and the processing of various different decorative patterns, the efficiency of processing is greatly improved.
Further, the knife rest for installing cutter is connected by dovetail groove adjustment mechanism with X-axis pendulous device, dovetail groove adjustment machine Structure can be such that cutter is adjusted along Z-direction and Y direction, realize the calibration and debugging of cutter after assembling, ensure processing production The precision of product.
Further, fixture module is provided with stationary fixture mounting seat and movable clamp mounting seat, stationary fixture mounting seat and shifting By being provided with of can dismantling of intermediate connector, first is top and second is top respectively in dynamic fixture mounting seat.Movable clamp is installed Seat can be relatively fixed fixture mounting seat and enter line slip, so as to top and second is top by Workpiece clamping or release by first.When Process different specification size workpiece when, only need to be dismantled, changed by intermediate connector different length specification first it is top and Second is top, and different shape, different size can be achieved plus fixture module and the mutual cooperation campaign for entering each axle of knife module Product processing, improve the versatility of pattern-etching machine.
Further, first enter between knife module and fixture module, second enters between knife module and fixture module to be equipped with and cut Consider disposable box to be worth doing, be additionally provided with chip discharge mouth on workbench, the lower section of workbench is provided with chip collecting device, the chip on workbench Fallen into by chip discharge mouth in chip collecting device.Solve short into distance between knife module and fixture module, be not easy to clear While sweeping chip problem, most chips can be collected.
As the specific embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the present invention provides a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole Pattern-etching machine 100, mainly by first enter knife module 33, second enter knife module 36,34 3 big core of fixture module is formed.Frame 1 is provided with a workbench 2, and first enters knife module 33, second enters knife module 36 and fixture module 34 is all disposed within workbench 2 On, wherein, first enters identical, swinging axle of both installation sites on workpiece that with second enter the structure of knife module 36 of knife module 33 Line is centrosymmetric.Wherein, respectively entering knife module includes Z axis translation stage 4, X-axis translation stage 6, X-axis pendulous device 7 and knife rest 12.Z Axle translation stage 4 is fixed on workbench 2, and Z axis translation stage 4 is extended along Z-direction.X-axis translation stage 6 is arranged on Z axis and put down In moving stage 4, translated under the driving of Z axis driven in translation element 3 along Z axis.Specifically, Z axis translation stage 4 is provided with Z axis translating element (figure Not shown in), Z axis translating element translates under the driving of Z axis driven in translation element 3 along Z axis, and Z axis driven in translation element 3 is located at Z axis One end of translation stage 4, Z axis translating element is driven to be translated along Z axis by linear module, i.e., Z axis driven in translation element 3 drives straight line mould Block realizes translation of the Z axis translating element along Z axis, and X-axis translation stage 6 is fixedly connected in Z axis translating element, is moved with Z axis translating element It is dynamic.
X-axis pendulous device 7 is arranged on X-axis translation stage 6, is translated under the driving of X-axis driven in translation element 5 along X-axis;And X Axle pendulous device 7 is swung under the driving of X-axis wobble drive element 71 around X-axis.Specifically, X-axis translation stage 6 is put down provided with X-axis Part (not shown) is moved, X-axis translating element translates under the driving of X-axis driven in translation element 5 along X-axis, X-axis driven in translation element 5 One end of X-axis translation stage 6 is located at, drives X-axis translating element to be translated along X-axis by linear module.An edge is fixed with X-axis translating element The axis of guide 17 of Y direction extension, the bearing 72 in X-axis pendulous device 7 is slidably arranged on the axis of guide 17, and passes through locking screw Nail 16 is relatively fixed with the axis of guide 17.By adjusting lock-screw 16, X-axis pendulous device 7 can be achieved and moved down along the axis of guide 17 It is dynamic, realize the axis of oscillation of X-axis pendulous device 7 along the fine setting of Y direction.X-axis wobble drive element 71 is fixed with bearing 72, The rotary output axis of X-axis wobble drive element 71 are set along X-direction, and a flange connector is fixedly connected with rotary output axis 73, the flange connector 73 can be driven to rotate.Knife rest 12 is connected on flange connector 73 and it by dovetail groove adjustment mechanism 9 Swung together around X-axis, cutter 121 is arranged on knife rest 12.Wherein, dovetail groove adjustment mechanism 9 includes the first adjustment part 91, second Adjustment part 92, the 3rd adjustment part 93.The side of first adjustment part 91 is fixedly connected with flange connector 73, and opposite side is provided with along Z First dovetail groove of direction of principal axis extension.The side of second adjustment part 92 is provided with the sliding shoe coordinated with the first dovetail groove, passes through cunning First dovetail groove of motion block and the first adjustment part 91 is slidably connected, and opposite side is provided with the second dovetail groove extended along Y direction.The The side of three adjustment parts 93 is provided with the sliding shoe coordinated with the second dovetail groove, passes through the second of the sliding shoe and the second adjustment part 92 Dovetail groove is slidably connected, and opposite side is fixedly connected with knife rest 12.First adjustment part 91, the second adjustment part 92, the 3rd adjustment part 93 Between also have can make relatively-stationary fixing device between both, prevent from producing skew under external force.Pass through adjustment Position of second adjustment part 92 in the first dovetail groove adjusts cutter in the position of Z-direction, passes through and adjusts the 3rd adjustment part 93 position in the second dovetail groove adjusts cutter in the position of Y direction, realizes that X-direction passes through the center of cutter 121 Center line overlaps with the axis of oscillation of X-axis pendulous device 7.Being equipped with Z axis translation stage 4 and X-axis translation stage 6 prevents chip from falling into Flexible organ cover 18 (prior art) therein.
Cutter 121 is rotatably arranged on knife rest 12, and cutter drives element 10 and belt wheel group 11, knife are fixed with knife rest 12 Tool driving element 10 cutter 121 is connected to around belt wheel group 11 by transmission belt, rotated at a high speed with cutter 121 (cutter oneself Turn) it is processed.Protective cover is additionally provided with knife rest 12, protective cover is made up of sheet metal component, and belt wheel group 11 is encapsulated, and prevents from cutting Bits enter wherein.Respectively enter knife module and cutter 121 can be achieved along X, the translation of Z axis and the swing around X-axis, simultaneously, moreover it is possible to realize Cutter 121 reaches cutter along X in fine setting of the axis of oscillation along Y direction of Z axis, the adjustment of Y direction and X-axis pendulous device 7 The center line of direction of principal axis, the axis of oscillation around X-axis, the horizontal plane three by workpiece centre overlap.Installation can be easily accomplished to adjust Trial work is made, and ensure that the required precision of processing to greatest extent.
As shown in figure 3, fixture module 34 includes fixture mounting base 24, stationary fixture mounting seat 26, movable clamp installation Seat 13, workpiece rotation driving element 25, fixture movement driving element 30, workpiece wobble drive element 23.Fixture mounting base 24 Downside be fixedly connected with fixture swinging axle 32, fixture swinging axle 32 perpendicular to workbench 2 table top, i.e., it is consistent with Y direction. The upside of fixture mounting base 24 is fixed with a horizontal slide rail 29.Stationary fixture mounting seat 26 is fixedly installed on fixture installation bottom On plate 24, positioned at one end of horizontal slide rail 29.Rotated in stationary fixture mounting seat 26 and be provided with first top 281, first top 281 Pivot center parallel to workbench 2 table top.Movable clamp mounting seat 13 is slidably arranged on horizontal slide rail 29.Movable clamp In mounting seat 13 rotate be provided with second top 282, second top 282 and first top 281 be oppositely arranged and both rotary shaft Line overlaps, and by piece-holder between two are top, the driving of workpiece rotation driving element 25 first top 281 rotates, and by the One top 281 drives workpiece to carry out rotation.Fixture movement driving element 30 drives movable clamp mounting seat 13 along horizontal slide rail 29 Slide, moved to close to or away from the direction of stationary fixture mounting seat 26, and then clamp or decontrol workpiece.Workpiece wobble drive member Part 23 drives fixture to swinging axle 32 and rotated.First top 281 stationary fixture that is arranged on that can be dismantled by intermediate connector 27 is pacified Fill on seat 26;Second top 282 is arranged in movable clamp mounting seat 13 by what intermediate connector 27 can be dismantled.Fixture is installed Bottom plate 24 is provided with buffer element 31, and buffer element 31 is located at movable clamp mounting seat pacifies along horizontal slide rail 29 away from stationary fixture On the direction for filling seat 26, and movable clamp mounting seat 13 can be touched, when unclamping workpiece, buffer element 31 plays buffering and made With.Fixture swinging axle 32 is rotatably arranged on workbench 2 by bearing block 20, and workpiece wobble drive element 23 passes through driving element Mounting seat 22 is arranged on the lower section of workbench 2.Fixture module 34 can realize the rotation of workpiece and the swing around Y-axis.
In the present embodiment, each driving element above-mentioned, a variety of type of drive of the prior art can be used, Such as motor, pneumatically or hydraulically motor etc..Linear module above-mentioned, various ways of the prior art, example can be used Such as screw slider, linear bearing.
First enters between knife module 33 and fixture module 34, second enters between knife module 36 and fixture module 34 to be equipped with and cut Consider disposable box 19 to be worth doing, chip disposable box 19 is arranged on workbench 2, and chip disposable box 19 is by magnet adsorption on bearing block 20. Solve the problems, such as to be not easy to clean chip into distance between knife module and fixture module is short.Chip discharge is additionally provided with workbench 2 Mouth 35, as shown in Fig. 2 a chip discharge mouth 35 can be set at the both ends of fixture module 34, in each chip discharge respectively The lower section of workbench 2 corresponding to mouthfuls 35 is provided with chip collecting device 21, and the chip on workbench 2 is fallen into by chip discharge mouth 35 In chip collecting device 21, splash down the chip that chip is swept into by chip discharge mouth 35 below workbench 2 on workbench 2 and collect In device 21, most chips can be collected.
The present invention installation debugging process be:By adjusting into the dovetail groove adjustment mechanism 9 in knife module 33,36 during assembling Realize that center line of the cutter 121 along X-direction overlaps with the axis of oscillation of X-axis pendulous device 7.By adjusting lock-screw 16, X-axis pendulous device 7 is moved up and down along the axis of guide 17, realize center line and swinging axle of the cutter 121 after overlapping along X-direction Line is finely tuned in Y direction, so as to (i.e. parallel to plane where X-axis, Z axis and pass through workpiece with the horizontal plane by workpiece centre The plane at center) overlap.And then control cutter 121 to be moved along Z axis by Z axis driven in translation element 3, realize cutter 121 along X-axis The center line in direction and the axis of oscillation (both have been adjusted to overlap) of X-axis pendulous device 7 pass through the center of workpiece, so far fill Machine debugging is completed.
Process is illustrated by taking elliposoidal workpiece as an example below, fixture movement driving element 30 drives movable clamp Mounting seat 13 moves along horizontal slide rail 29, realizes stepping up for workpiece, and now the rotation axis of workpiece is consistent with Z axis, and cutter enters It is X-direction to direction.Referring to Fig. 4, n represents normal to a surface direction at processing stand, and f represents the feeding side of cutter at processing stand To the angle both at A points and B points is 19 degree, and the angle is different and different according to the curved surface of workpiece.Need the A points processed With Central Symmetry of the B points on workpiece, decorative pattern is consistent and direction of feed f must be along the normal direction n of processing stand.Entered due to two The position of knife module is centrosymmetric on the axis of oscillation (center that the axis of oscillation of workpiece passes through workpiece) of workpiece, passes through control The workpiece wobble drive element 23 of fixture module 34 processed drives workpiece to turn clockwise 19 around Y-axis (it is consistent to swing direction of principal axis with it) Degree, as shown in figure 5, at this moment A points are consistent with the direction of feed f of cutter with the normal direction n of B points.Respectively entered by control simultaneously The Z axis driven in translation element 3 of knife module carries out the moving along Z axis of cutter 121, two cutters 121 is respectively moved to A points and B points. The X-axis driven in translation element 5 for respectively entering knife module by control simultaneously realizes feeding of the cutter 121 along X-axis, i.e., along A points and B point knives Have direction of feed f feeding, while be also the feeding along A points and B point normal directions n, X-axis pendulous device 7 can realize cutter 121 Swung at any angle around X-axis, you can increasingly complex decorative pattern (such as rice word decorative pattern) is processed in A, B point, realizes and completes A points simultaneously With the processing of B points.When processing various sizes of workpiece, only it need to be dismantled by intermediate connector 27, change different length specification Thimble 281,282.For being shaped as spherical or cylindrical workpiece, processing method is then more simple.For spherical work Part, entering knife module need not make translation of the cutter along Z axis to realize that double-pole is processed.For cylindrical work, fixture module need not Being rotated around Y-axis can double-pole processing.Therefore, pattern-etching machine of the invention greatly improves relative to traditional pattern-etching machine versatility.This hair The bright car flower processing for being applicable the various bullions such as spherical, elliposoidal, cylinder, applicability are extremely strong.
From the above mentioned, pattern-etching machine of the invention spends the particularity of processing according to bullion car, and decorative pattern is often on workpiece Center be centrosymmetric and direction of feed must along processing stand normal feed, enter knife module using two and set location on The axis of oscillation of workpiece is centrosymmetric, and the motion of knife module and each axle of fixture module is respectively entered by reasonable distribution, utilizes each mould The aggregate motion of each axle is realized double-pole while processed in block, greatly improves the efficiency of processing, can also realize different shape, difference rule The Product processing of lattice, improve the versatility of pattern-etching machine.By adjusting into the dovetail groove adjustment mechanism in knife module, it is easy to installation and adjusts Try and ensure the precision of converted products.By the chip recycling device that reasonable Arrangement is simple and practical, the recovery of chip is greatly improved Efficiency.
The schematical embodiment of the present invention is the foregoing is only, is not limited to the scope of the present invention.It is any Those skilled in the art, made equivalent variations and modification on the premise of the design of the present invention and principle is not departed from, The scope of protection of the invention should be belonged to.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine, the pattern-etching machine includes workbench, the workbench be provided with into knife module and Fixture module;Set X-axis in orthogonal coordinate system and the plane where Z axis is parallel with the table top of the workbench, Y-axis is perpendicular to institute State the table top of workbench;Characterized in that, the fixture module is used for clamping workpiece, the fixture module drives workpiece to carry out certainly Turn and swing, the rotation axis of workpiece is parallel with the table top of the workbench, the platform of the axis of oscillation of workpiece and the workbench Face is vertical;
It is described enter knife module enter knife module and second including structure identical first and enter knife module, described first enters knife module and Two enter the setting that knife module is centrosymmetric on the workbench on the axis of oscillation of workpiece;
Described first, which enters knife module and second, enters to be equipped with cutter on knife module, and described first, which enters knife module and second, enters knife module Drive corresponding cutters to be translated along X-direction or Z-direction respectively, and drive corresponding cutters to be swung around X-axis;First feed Module includes:
Z axis translation stage, it is fixed on the workbench, the Z axis translation stage is extended along Z-direction;The Z axis translation Platform is provided with Z axis translating element, and the Z axis translating element translates under Z axis driven in translation element drives along Z axis;
X-axis translation stage, it is fixedly connected in the Z axis translating element;The X-axis translation stage is provided with X-axis translating element, the X-axis Translating element translates under X-axis driven in translation element drives along X-axis;One is fixed with the X-axis translating element along Y direction extension The axis of guide;
X-axis pendulous device, it is slidably arranged on the axis of guide, and is relatively fixed by lock-screw and the axis of guide;And The X-axis pendulous device is swung under the driving of X-axis wobble drive element around X-axis;And
Knife rest, connect with the X-axis pendulous device and swung together with the X-axis pendulous device, the cutter is arranged on described On knife rest;
Wherein, the X-axis pendulous device includes bearing, and the bearing sliding is arranged on the axis of guide, and passes through the lock Tight screw is relatively fixed with the axis of guide;The X-axis wobble drive element, the X-axis wobble drive are fixed on the bearing The rotary output axis of element are set along X-direction, and a flange connector is fixedly connected with the rotary output axis, and the knife rest leads to Dovetail groove adjustment mechanism is crossed to be connected on the flange connector.
2. horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixture module includes:
Fixture mounting base, the downside of the fixture mounting base are fixedly connected with fixture swinging axle, and the fixture swinging axle hangs down Directly in the table top of the workbench;A horizontal slide rail is fixed with the upside of the fixture mounting base;
Stationary fixture mounting seat, the stationary fixture mounting seat is fixedly installed on the fixture mounting base, positioned at the water One end of smooth rail;Rotated in the stationary fixture mounting seat and be provided with first top, the described first top pivot center is parallel In the table top of the workbench;
Movable clamp mounting seat, the movable clamp mounting seat are slidably arranged on the horizontal slide rail;The movable clamp peace Filling to rotate on seat is provided with second top, and described second top top is oppositely arranged and both pivot center weights with described first Close;
Workpiece rotation driving element, the workpiece rotation driving element drive the first top rotation;
Fixture moves driving element, and the fixture movement driving element drives the movable clamp mounting seat along the horizontal slide rail Slide;
Workpiece wobble drive element, fixture swinging axle described in the workpiece wobble drive element drives rotate.
3. horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the dovetail groove adjustment mechanism includes:
First adjustment part, the side of first adjustment part are fixedly connected with the flange connector, and opposite side is provided with along Z axis side To the first dovetail groove of extension;
Second adjustment part, the side of second adjustment part is slided with first adjustment part by first dovetail groove to be connected Connect, opposite side is provided with the second dovetail groove extended along Y direction;
3rd adjustment part, the side of the 3rd adjustment part is slided with second adjustment part by second dovetail groove to be connected Connect, opposite side is fixedly connected with the knife rest.
4. horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the cutter is rotatably arranged on the knife On frame, cutter drives element and belt wheel group are fixed with the knife rest, the cutter drives element bypasses institute by transmission belt State belt wheel group and be connected to the cutter, drive the cutter to rotate;
Protective cover is additionally provided with the knife rest, the protective cover encapsulates the belt wheel group, prevents chip from entering wherein.
5. horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that described first enters knife module and the folder Between tool module, described second enter between knife module and the fixture module to be equipped with chip disposable box, the chip disposable box It is arranged on the workbench;Chip discharge mouth is additionally provided with the workbench, the lower section of the workbench is collected provided with chip Device, the chip on the workbench are fallen into the chip collecting device by the chip discharge mouth.
6. horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the Z axis driven in translation element is located at One end of the Z axis translation stage, the Z axis translating element is driven to be translated along Z axis by linear module;
The X-axis driven in translation element is located at one end of the X-axis translation stage, and the X-axis translating element is driven by linear module Translated along X-axis;
Being equipped with the Z axis translation stage and the X-axis translation stage prevents chip from falling into flexible organ cover therein.
7. horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that described first top passes through middle connection What part can be dismantled is arranged in the stationary fixture mounting seat;Described second top is arranged on by what intermediate connector can be dismantled In the movable clamp mounting seat;
The fixture mounting base is provided with buffer element, and the buffer element is located at the movable clamp mounting seat along the water On smooth direction of the rail away from the stationary fixture mounting seat, and the movable clamp mounting seat can be touched.
8. horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the fixture swinging axle passes through bearing block It is rotatably arranged on the workbench, the workpiece wobble drive element is arranged on the workbench by driving element mounting seat Lower section;The chip disposable box is by magnet adsorption on the bearing block.
CN201510482423.6A 2015-08-07 2015-08-07 Horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine Active CN105014098B (en)

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CN201510482423.6A CN105014098B (en) 2015-08-07 2015-08-07 Horizontal digital-control double-pole pattern-etching machine
PCT/CN2015/098878 WO2017024724A1 (en) 2015-08-07 2015-12-25 Horizontal numerically controlled dual-blade knurling equipment
IT102016000082475A IT201600082475A1 (en) 2015-08-07 2016-08-04 BIUTENSIC ENGRAVING MACHINE WITH HORIZONTAL NUMERICAL CONTROL

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