CN104996825A - Ecological pig raising method - Google Patents

Ecological pig raising method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104996825A
CN104996825A CN201510475912.9A CN201510475912A CN104996825A CN 104996825 A CN104996825 A CN 104996825A CN 201510475912 A CN201510475912 A CN 201510475912A CN 104996825 A CN104996825 A CN 104996825A
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Prior art keywords
pigs
weight
mass parts
pig
feed
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CN201510475912.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈东
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Lezhi Chengduo Farming Co Ltd
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Lezhi Chengduo Farming Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510475912.9A priority Critical patent/CN104996825A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an ecological pig raising method. The method comprises the following steps: feeding biological fermented feeds and local coarse cereals in peasant families to pigs twice every day in a timing manner, firstly feeding the biological fermented feeds and then feeding the local coarse cereals in peasant families later during feeding the pigs every time, and enabling the pigs which are fed for more than 10 months to become full-grown and ready for slaughter. The food consumption of the pigs is correspondingly adjusted according to the weight of the pigs in each stage, the daily food consumption of the pigs younger than 3 months is 5% of the weight of the pigs, the daily food consumption of the pigs of 3-6 months old is 4% of the weight of the pigs, and the daily food consumption of the pigs older than 6 months is 3% of the weight of the pigs. The biological fermented feed consists of 0.3-1 part by weight of fermented yeast, 1-2 parts by weight of brown sugar, 40-80 parts by weight of water, 200-330 parts by weight of corn, 80-120 parts by weight of wheat bran and 80-120 parts by weight of fine rice bran, wherein the fermented yeast consists of 20-30% microzyme, 15% of bacillus, 25% of lactic acid bacteria, 5% of bifidobacteria and 15% of cellulose decomposting bacteria. The pig raising method disclosed by the invention has the advantages that the growth cycle of the pigs is shortened, the lean meat percentage of the pigs which become full-grown and are ready for slaughter is high, the meat quality is fine and smooth, and the mouth feel is good.

Description

A kind of ecological pig-culturing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to one and belong to livestock culturing technical field, be specifically related to a kind of ecological pig-culturing method.
Background technology
Current method for culturing pigs is general stable breeding or raises mode scattered, manages comparatively extensive, and mostly uses feed to raise pigs, although the method effectively can reduce the nursing time of pig, but the lean meat percentage of the meat of gained pig is lower, meat is comparatively thick simultaneously, and mouthfeel is poor.Although also there is the method for culturing pigs of the feedstuff such as pure natural weeds, hodgepodge, millet, cereal, corn, wheat adopting direct Wei Si farmers' at present, the utilization rate of the method pig to crude feedstuff is lower; And along with rising steadily of feedstuff price, aquaculture cost is also significantly improving, the nursing time of this cultural method pig is also longer simultaneously.
On the other hand, along with the raising day by day of living standard, people are concerned about further for the problem of food security, and " eat to obtain safety, eat healthy " has become the common recognition of the whole society.But, on the contrary: some breeding enterprise and raiser are the lean meat percentage improving pig, illegal interpolation " clenbuterol hydrochloride " in feed; For reducing the risk of the ill death of pig, frequent drug abuse especially, Chinese pork antibiotic residue is a very serious food-safety problem.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of ecological pig-culturing method, it effectively can shorten nursing time, the minimizing drug use of pig, and improve the lean meat percentage of gained pork, meat is comparatively thin, improves mouthfeel simultaneously.
For solving above technical problem, technical scheme of the present invention is for adopting a kind of ecological pig-culturing method, and described ecological pig-culturing method is for adopting following feeding patterns:
2 timings every day are fed to biological fermentation feed and farmers''s soil coarse cereals, all first feeding biological fermentation feed of at every turn feeding, rear feeding farmers' soil coarse cereals; Described biological fermentation feed accounts for the 50%-100% of material weight of at every turn feeding, and pig is fed and delivered for sale to 10 monthly ages; The feed intake of per stage pig does corresponding adjustment according to body weight, and the pig below 3 monthly ages, the pig between the 3-6 monthly age and pig daily feed intakes more than 6 monthly ages are respectively 5%, 4%, 3% of body weight;
Described biological fermentation feed is by the fermented yeast of 0.3 ~ 1 mass parts, the brown sugar of 1 ~ 2 mass parts, the water of 40 ~ 80 mass parts, the corn of 200 ~ 330 mass parts, the wheat bran of 80 ~ 120 mass parts and the fine rice bran composition of 80 ~ 120 mass parts, wherein fermented yeast is made up of 20-30% saccharomycete, 15% bacillus, 25% lactic acid bacteria, 5% Bifidobacterium, 15% cellulose-decomposing bacterium.
Preferably, 2 timings described every day are fed to the time of biological fermentation feed and farmers''s soil coarse cereals is feed respectively 1 time in every morning 10 ~ 11 and at 4 ~ 5 in afternoon.
Preferably, biological fermentation feed accounts for 80% of material weight of at every turn feeding.
Preferably, described farmers''s soil coarse cereals are Ipomoea batatas, corn, wheat bran or fine rice bran.
Preferably, described biological fermentation feed is by the fermented yeast of 0.5 mass parts, and the brown sugar of 1.5 mass parts, the water of 50 mass parts, the corn of 250 mass parts, the wheat bran of 100 mass parts and the fine rice bran of 100 mass parts form.
Preferably, described fermented yeast is made up of 25% saccharomycete, 15% bacillus, 25% lactic acid bacteria, 5% Bifidobacterium, 15% cellulose-decomposing bacterium.
The present invention also provides the preparation method of aforementioned described biological fermentation feed, and the method comprises:
(1) first determine and take each amounts of components, then pulverizing and sieving;
(2) first fermented yeast, brown sugar and water are fully mixed, admix corn, wheat bran and fine rice bran after complete saccharification, fully mix sealed fermenting in rear loading round thoroughly, the preference temperature of fermentation is 18 ~ 30 DEG C, and fermentation time is 24 ~ 12 hours;
(3) ferment when having wine flavour to overflow complete, be directly used in and feed.
Preferably, described fermentation temperature is 25 DEG C, and fermentation time is 12 hours.
Improvements of the present invention are change to the feed structure of pig, are mainly reflected in the biological fermentation feed first described in feeding, and then the farmers''s soil coarse cereals described in feeding.The change of this feed structure not only effectively can shorten nursing time, the minimizing drug use of pig, and improve the lean meat percentage of gained pork, meat is comparatively thin, improves mouthfeel simultaneously.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art understand technical scheme of the present invention better, below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail.
The exemplary ecological pig-culturing method of the application:
In the application's method except feed structure changes, other ecologically raising pigs steps can adopt conventional setting, and the application just illustrates by the concrete set-up mode of following ecologically raising pigs the concrete effect that this feed structure changes.
(1) pig house breeding environment is arranged:
Pig house is divided into living area and motor area, and living area is used for nursing and the rest of pig, and behaviour area is the daily routines region of pig; At pig house, methane-generating pit is set, adopt biogas electricity generation apparatus be used for heating, and in winter with straw as pig house bedding and padding, bedding and padding thickness is 30cm, every 7 days change 1 time; Tank is set, adopts self-waterer to be used for supplying water; Scavenger fan device is set for aeration-cooling; Thoroughly clean pig house before raising, regulate the temperature of pig house to remain on 18 ~ 25 DEG C, humidity remains on 65% ~ 75%;
(2) feeding and management:
Group management: to the piglet of the whole audience, can numerous sow, boar and growing and fattening pigs according to its age, body weight and different physiology production phase, carry out Group management; Piglet is fed to ablactation with house with sow, and then carry out hiving off fattening according to body weight, size and power, 10 ~ 12 is 1 group, and cultivation density is 1 ~ 1.2m 2/ head; Nonpregnant sows 2 is 1 group, and cultivation density is 2m 2/ head; Farrowing sow individual pen is raised, and cultivation density is 4m 2/ head; Herd boar individual pen is raised, and cultivation density is 4m 2/ head, if sports ground 6m 2/ head; Growing and fattening pigs 6 ~ 8 are 1 group, and cultivation density is 1 ~ 1.2m 2/ head;
(3) control and prevention of disease:
Maintenance pig house is clean, dry, shady and cool ventilation, sweeps weekly pig house 1 time; Pig house, equipment, utensil etc. use weekly the GM bio-fermentation agent aqueous solution to carry out disinfection deodorizing 1 time; The described GM bio-fermentation agent aqueous solution is made up of the GM bio-fermentation agent of 5 mass parts and the water of 95 mass parts; Described GM bio-fermentation agent is made up of 40% saccharomycete, 10% bacillus, 20% lactic acid bacteria, 10% Bifidobacterium, 20% cellulose-decomposing bacterium;
During every morning feeding, health-and-status check is carried out to pig, once find ill or doubtful ill pig, isolate in time, Diagnosis and Treat;
The regular vaccine inoculation of pig, feeds to anthelmintic drug: piglet, in 15 age in days inoculation edema disease of piglets and paratyphoid bigeminy vaccines, in 30 age in days inoculation hog cholera vaccines, in 40 age in days inoculation aftosa vaccines, inoculates hog cholera vaccines in 60 ages in days; Growing and fattening pigs are in 180 age in days inoculation hog cholera vaccines; Sow is in 210 age in days inoculation hog cholera vaccines; Piglet feeds to AVM expelling parasite in 60 ages in days; Growing and fattening pigs are fed to AVM expelling parasite in 120 ages in days; Replacement gilt is fed to AVM expelling parasite in 150 ages in days; Can feed to AVM expelling parasite in front 3 ages in days of breeding by numerous sow; Herd boar feeds to AVM anthelmintic drug in every 90 ages in days.
(4) feeding manner:
2 timings every day are fed to biological fermentation feed and farmers''s soil coarse cereals, all first feeding biological fermentation feed of at every turn feeding, rear feeding farmers' soil coarse cereals; It is feed respectively 1 time in every morning 10 ~ 11 and at 4 ~ 5 in afternoon that 2 timings described every day are fed to the time of biological fermentation feed and farmers''s soil coarse cereals; Described farmers''s soil coarse cereals are Ipomoea batatas, corn, wheat bran or fine rice bran;
Described biological fermentation feed accounts for the 50%-100% of material weight of at every turn feeding, and is preferably biological fermentation feed and accounts for 80% of material weight of at every turn feeding; Pig is fed and is delivered for sale to 10 monthly ages; The feed intake of per stage pig does corresponding adjustment according to body weight, and the pig below 3 monthly ages, the pig between the 3-6 monthly age and pig daily feed intakes more than 6 monthly ages are respectively 5%, 4%, 3% of body weight;
Described biological fermentation feed is by the fermented yeast of 0.3 ~ 1 mass parts, the brown sugar of 1 ~ 2 mass parts, the water of 40 ~ 80 mass parts, the corn of 200 ~ 330 mass parts, the wheat bran of 80 ~ 120 mass parts and the fine rice bran composition of 80 ~ 120 mass parts, be preferably the fermented yeast of described biological fermentation feed by 0.5 mass parts, the brown sugar of 1.5 mass parts, the water of 50 mass parts, the corn of 250 mass parts, the wheat bran of 100 mass parts and the fine rice bran composition of 100 mass parts; Wherein fermented yeast is made up of 20-30% saccharomycete, 15% bacillus, 25% lactic acid bacteria, 5% Bifidobacterium, 15% cellulose-decomposing bacterium;
The preparation method of aforementioned described biological fermentation feed:
(1) first determine and take each amounts of components, then pulverizing and sieving;
(2) first fermented yeast, brown sugar and water are fully mixed, admix corn, wheat bran and fine rice bran after complete saccharification, fully mix sealed fermenting in rear loading round thoroughly, the preference temperature of fermentation is 18 ~ 30 DEG C, and fermentation time is 24 ~ 12 hours; Being preferably described fermentation temperature is 25 DEG C, and fermentation time is 12 hours.
(3) ferment when having wine flavour to overflow complete, be directly used in and feed.
The applicant is found by kinds of experiments, the pig that the set-up mode of above-mentioned ecological pig-culturing method is fed can effectively shorten pig the nursing time, reduce drug use, improve the lean meat percentage of gained pork, meat is comparatively thin, improves mouthfeel simultaneously.In order to more effective explanation, below employing some experimental data is explained.
Embodiment one
The method of ecologically raising pigs is with reference to aforementioned exemplary ecological pig-culturing method, and unique condition changed is that described fermented yeast is made up of 40% saccharomycete, 10% bacillus, 20% lactic acid bacteria, 10% Bifidobacterium, 20% cellulose-decomposing bacterium.
Embodiment two
The method of ecologically raising pigs is with reference to aforementioned exemplary ecological pig-culturing method, and unique condition changed is that described fermented yeast is made up of 20% saccharomycete, 15% bacillus, 25% lactic acid bacteria, 5% Bifidobacterium, 15% cellulose-decomposing bacterium.
Embodiment three
The method of ecologically raising pigs is with reference to aforementioned exemplary ecological pig-culturing method, and unique condition changed is that described fermented yeast is made up of 30% saccharomycete, 15% bacillus, 25% lactic acid bacteria, 5% Bifidobacterium, 15% cellulose-decomposing bacterium.
Embodiment four
The method of ecologically raising pigs is with reference to aforementioned exemplary ecological pig-culturing method, and unique condition changed is that described fermented yeast is made up of 25% saccharomycete, 15% bacillus, 25% lactic acid bacteria, 5% Bifidobacterium, 15% cellulose-decomposing bacterium.
Above-described embodiment one to four is respectively used to raise to 10 monthly ages to 10 pigs, calculates the average lean meat percentage value of gained pig under each embodiment respectively, average fiber value, average weight, thus obtain following data form.
Test item Embodiment one Embodiment two Embodiment three Embodiment four
Average lean meat percentage value 54% 60% 65% 68%
Average fiber value 0.6Kg 0.65Kg 0.73Kg 1Kg
Average weight 102Kg 110Kg 113Kg 116Kg
Below be only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that above-mentioned preferred embodiment should not be considered as limitation of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with claim limited range.For those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. an ecological pig-culturing method, is characterized in that, described ecological pig-culturing method is for adopting following feeding patterns:
2 timings every day are fed to biological fermentation feed and farmers''s soil coarse cereals, all first feeding biological fermentation feed of at every turn feeding, rear feeding farmers' soil coarse cereals; Described biological fermentation feed accounts for the 50%-100% of material weight of at every turn feeding, and pig is fed and delivered for sale to 10 monthly ages; The feed intake of per stage pig does corresponding adjustment according to body weight, and the pig below 3 monthly ages, the pig between the 3-6 monthly age and pig daily feed intakes more than 6 monthly ages are respectively 5%, 4%, 3% of body weight;
Described biological fermentation feed is by the fermented yeast of 0.3 ~ 1 mass parts, the brown sugar of 1 ~ 2 mass parts, the water of 40 ~ 80 mass parts, the corn of 200 ~ 330 mass parts, the wheat bran of 80 ~ 120 mass parts and the fine rice bran composition of 80 ~ 120 mass parts, wherein fermented yeast is made up of 20-30% saccharomycete, 15% bacillus, 25% lactic acid bacteria, 5% Bifidobacterium, 15% cellulose-decomposing bacterium.
2. ecological pig-culturing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: it is feed respectively 1 time in every morning 10 ~ 11 and at 4 ~ 5 in afternoon that 2 timings described every day are fed to the time of biological fermentation feed and farmers''s soil coarse cereals.
3. ecological pig-culturing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: biological fermentation feed accounts for 80% of material weight of at every turn feeding.
4. ecological pig-culturing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described farmers''s soil coarse cereals are Ipomoea batatas, corn, wheat bran or fine rice bran.
5. ecological pig-culturing method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described biological fermentation feed by the fermented yeast of 0.5 mass parts, the brown sugar of 1.5 mass parts, the water of 50 mass parts, the corn of 250 mass parts, the wheat bran of 100 mass parts and the fine rice bran composition of 100 mass parts.
6. ecological pig-culturing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fermented yeast is made up of 25% saccharomycete, 15% bacillus, 25% lactic acid bacteria, 5% Bifidobacterium, 15% cellulose-decomposing bacterium.
7. the preparation method of biological fermentation feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
(1) first determine and take each amounts of components, then pulverizing and sieving;
(2) first fermented yeast, brown sugar and water are fully mixed, admix corn, wheat bran and fine rice bran after complete saccharification, fully mix sealed fermenting in rear loading round thoroughly, the preference temperature of fermentation is 18 ~ 30 DEG C, and fermentation time is 24 ~ 12 hours;
(3) ferment when having wine flavour to overflow complete, be directly used in and feed.
8. preparation method according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described fermentation temperature is 25 DEG C, and fermentation time is 12 hours.
CN201510475912.9A 2015-08-05 2015-08-05 Ecological pig raising method Pending CN104996825A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248378A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-01-20 邓惠文 Breeding method for increasing content of pork phospholipid
CN105360649A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-02 安顺德康农牧有限公司 Specific fermented feed for growing-finishing pigs
CN105394349A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-03-16 天津大成前瞻生物科技研发有限公司 Complete granular feed for pig and production method thereof
CN105433007A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-03-30 天津大成前瞻生物科技研发有限公司 Pig nursing complete feed and production method thereof
CN105815579A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-08-03 贺灿炎 Avicennia marina pig feed and preparation method thereof
CN106719319A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-05-31 乐至县世宏猪业专业合作社 A kind of ecological pig-culturing method
CN107182917A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-22 莫钦华 A kind of efficient pig-breeding method
CN107509698A (en) * 2017-10-24 2017-12-26 莫靖川 A kind of method for breeding of quick production aardvark meat flavor

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5886046A (en) * 1981-10-30 1983-05-23 Lilly Co Eli Premix for animal feed
CN103719014A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-16 丁志强 Ecological cycle pig breeding method
CN103918608A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-07-16 盐津新希望牧业有限责任公司 Ecological breeding method of Wujin pigs
CN104472426A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-01 广西南宁劲能农业科技有限公司 Breeding method of suckling xiang pigs
CN105284731A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-02-03 颍上县笑有生态农牧科技开发有限公司 Breeding method for controlling pig growth

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5886046A (en) * 1981-10-30 1983-05-23 Lilly Co Eli Premix for animal feed
CN103719014A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-16 丁志强 Ecological cycle pig breeding method
CN103918608A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-07-16 盐津新希望牧业有限责任公司 Ecological breeding method of Wujin pigs
CN104472426A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-01 广西南宁劲能农业科技有限公司 Breeding method of suckling xiang pigs
CN105284731A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-02-03 颍上县笑有生态农牧科技开发有限公司 Breeding method for controlling pig growth

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248378A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-01-20 邓惠文 Breeding method for increasing content of pork phospholipid
CN105360649A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-02 安顺德康农牧有限公司 Specific fermented feed for growing-finishing pigs
CN105394349A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-03-16 天津大成前瞻生物科技研发有限公司 Complete granular feed for pig and production method thereof
CN105433007A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-03-30 天津大成前瞻生物科技研发有限公司 Pig nursing complete feed and production method thereof
CN105815579A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-08-03 贺灿炎 Avicennia marina pig feed and preparation method thereof
CN106719319A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-05-31 乐至县世宏猪业专业合作社 A kind of ecological pig-culturing method
CN107182917A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-22 莫钦华 A kind of efficient pig-breeding method
CN107509698A (en) * 2017-10-24 2017-12-26 莫靖川 A kind of method for breeding of quick production aardvark meat flavor

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Application publication date: 20151028