CN104970938B - Arm type helps bed - Google Patents

Arm type helps bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104970938B
CN104970938B CN201510473484.6A CN201510473484A CN104970938B CN 104970938 B CN104970938 B CN 104970938B CN 201510473484 A CN201510473484 A CN 201510473484A CN 104970938 B CN104970938 B CN 104970938B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arm
bed
help
human
frame
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CN201510473484.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104970938A (en
Inventor
邹家福
邹永平
屈宇
邹家鸿
张文彬
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遂宁市长丰机械科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510473484.6A priority Critical patent/CN104970938B/en
Publication of CN104970938A publication Critical patent/CN104970938A/en
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Publication of CN104970938B publication Critical patent/CN104970938B/en

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Abstract

Arm type helps bed, mainly helps arm section to form by lathe bed part, combination.Lathe bed part is made up of wheel carrier, foot stool, pushing hands, horizontal block, front bezel, rear frame.Combination helps arm section to be arranged on forward and backward frame, by helping arm, helping arm group, help arm elevator apparatus, help arm propulsion plant, control system to form.There is fixed and portable mounting structure in sideslip road.The smooth frame of wide chain push-and-pull being directed in sideslip road is driven with a sprocket wheel and helps arm to retreat.People is transferred to from bed and helps bed, helping bed to hold together with bed mooring, respectively helps two gaps for helping arm alternating to inject people and bed of arm group, upper lift expands gap, and alternating is lifted motionless human body, decline, advanced, until helping arm insertion human body following.Help arm group to lift human body and return to help on bed.When people will be transferred on bed, helps on arm and lift human body to appropriate height above bed, each help two of arm group to help arm alternately to decline, retreat, until people is put in bed.Easily patient can be shifted automatically from bed and helping between bed.

Description

Arm type helps bed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of transfer bed, particularly arm type to help bed.
Background technology
It is existing to help bed, usually assisted in manpower, lift patient and shifted in bed and helping between bed, but for body weight People, upper moving bed is helped from sick bed by a nurse or family female nursing staff and upper sick bed is helped from moving bed, is all very Laborious, patient also feels inconvenient.
The content of the invention
Patient can from the bed be helped automatically it is an object of the invention to provide one kind and help bed, and can is from helping on bed patient The arm type of bed surface is helped to help bed.
The present invention copies a kind of mechanical arm of the arm design of people, helps on bed installed in special, is walked with bed, has and lifts The function that patient is shifted automatically.
What the present invention was realized in:Arm type helps bed, mainly helps arm section to form by lathe bed part, combination.Lathe bed portion Divide and be made up of wheel carrier, foot stool, pushing hands, horizontal block, front bezel, rear frame.Front bezel and rear frame are provided with wheel carrier and foot stool below. Combination helps arm section by helping arm, helping arm group, help arm elevator apparatus, help arm propulsion plant, control system to form.Help arm elevator apparatus It is made up of vertical balladeur train, vertical sliding block, hoist cylinder, fork handle.Arm propulsion plant is helped to be slided by smooth frame, sideslip road, guide slide, frame Block, frame slideway, sprocket wheel, wide chain, motor composition.Sprocket wheel is arranged on sideslip road in the lower section of this end section of stretching out of rear frame. Wide chain one end is buckled and is fixed on a tooth of sprocket wheel, and the other end is connected with smooth frame.The rotating of sprocket wheel drives wide chain Bar moves back and forth in guide slide and sideslip road, can be bulldozed balladeur train advance, and and can evens up balladeur train retrogressing.Help the advance of arm with Retreat, by helping arm propulsion plant to complete, help the rise and fall of arm by helping arm elevator apparatus to complete.One is helped arm group to be helped by two Arm forms.There is fixed and portable mounting structure in sideslip road.When human body being transferred into arm type from the bed helping on bed, first Help bed to hold together to dock with bed mooring, each help two gaps for helping arm alternately to inject between human body and bed surface of arm group, upper lift to expand seam Gap, alternately lift motionless human body, decline, advance, helping arm insertion human body following until whole, you can to lift human body, withdraw and place On bed is helped.By human body from arm type help the bed to be transferred on another specified bed when, bed will be helped to hold together to dock with specified bed mooring, help arm Group, which lifts human body, is moved to appropriate height above specified bed, it is each help arm group help arm alternately to lift human body, decline, retrogressing, Until human body is placed on specified bed.
Arm type helps bed hereinafter referred to as to help bed.The length direction of bed is being helped, the frame on one side is front bezel, the side of another side Frame is rear frame.The width of bed is helped to be fixedly connected with horizontal block, to fixed frame.Help below the front bezel and rear frame of bed It is mounted with foot stool and wheel carrier.There is wheel wheel carrier lower end.The vertical tubing string of four of wheel carrier is arranged in the vertical sleeve pipe of foot stool.Foot stool Sleeve pipe in oil cylinder is installed, foot stool can be lifted, though bed surface lift.Two terminations of forward and backward frame are connected with pushing hands, use Bed is helped to promote.
Arm type helps the mechanical arm of bed helping arm.Arm skeleton is helped to be made up of metal material.Plane on arm is helped to cover one The relatively thin slightly soft plastics of layer or rubber layer.Arm rectangular in cross-section is helped, is hollow body.It is in wedge-like to help arm front end, and wedge-like front end is Solid, wedge mouth are the root faces of a millimeter, are made of soft plastic material, and surface is smooth, and contact people's physical efficiency gives people one kind With the affine sensation as arm, finger.
Arm is helped to be formed integrally with fork handle.Fork handle is in the vertical socle lower end of " ┓ " shape with helping plane on arm rear end to be fixed into one Body, it is mutually perpendicular to.Horizontal frame block above " ┓ " shape fork handle is pointed to helping arm pointing direction on the contrary, its reverse extending line is with helping arm It is parallel.
Each helps arm to have a set of independent lowering or hoisting gear and propulsion plant.
The rise and fall for helping arm are by helping arm elevator apparatus to complete.Vertical balladeur train is connected with smooth frame, hangs down mutually Directly, into " ┛ " shape.Vertical is vertical balladeur train, and centre is provided with notch.There is slideway on notch both sides, and vertical sliding block is provided with slideway.Fork Handle passes through the notch among vertical balladeur train from " ┛ " shape frame right side, is fixed together with vertical sliding block.Hoist cylinder lower end is arranged on flat Above balladeur train, the piston rod upper end of hoist cylinder is arranged on the support being fixed together with vertical upper end of slide block face.Hoist cylinder The telescopic band moving fork handle of piston rod and help arm decline and rise.
There is fixed and portable mounting structure in sideslip road.In the fixedly mounted structure in sideslip road, horizontal block is arranged on forward and backward Lower section between frame, play support connection and help bed frame, mattress is arranged in horizontal block.Sideslip road be directly anchored to before, Afterwards on frame.Arm group is respectively helped by the human body of height of medium height to determine its position on forward and backward frame.With height of medium height The not many people of short difference can be applicable, and especially high individually, especially short person can also use, and simply patient comfort feels slightly worse one Point.In the fixedly mounted structure in sideslip road, mattress and bed cloth are placed with the position upper berth of vacating on each sideslip road both sides.Mattress point Section is laid, and plane is slightly above the upper plane for helping arm to fall to help arm when on sideslip road on mattress.So, helping arm to lift patient can be straight Connect on fixed sideslip road, fall on the heat preservation mattress of broken-up laying.
Mainly described below by taking sideslip road movable type mounting structure as an example.In sideslip road movable type mounting structure, Sideslip road both sides are connected with mobile horizontal block.Frame slideway is provided with front bezel and rear frame.The portable installation in sideslip road In structure, sideslip road is connected with frame sliding block, orthogonal.That is one piece of sideslip road two is separately fixed at frame sliding block On.In sideslip road movable type mounting structure, frame sliding block is arranged on frame slideway.In rear frame, that stretches out side in sideslip road A segment distance beyond frame sliding block, sideslip road back segment is below.
Smooth frame is arranged on sideslip road.There is the sliding block being engaged with sideslip road to be arranged in sideslip road below smooth frame, It can be slidably reciprocated between rear frame and front bezel.One two smooth frame for helping arm group is mounted side by side on one piece of sideslip road In two slideways.Behind sideslip road clamping plate and guide slide are fixed with below this end section of stretching out of frame.Guide slide and sideslip Road links into an integrated entity.Sprocket wheel is arranged among two pieces of clamping plates.Motor is arranged in clamping plate outer panels, is rotated to drive sprocket. Wide chain one end is buckled on a tooth of sprocket wheel, and the other end is connected with smooth frame.
Wide chain is made up of other sleeve, middle sleeve, carrier bar, pivot pin.Wide chain is the carrier bar on existing roller chain both sides Outside respectively adds one section of roller sleeve.Sleeve among originally does not change, and is middle sleeve, increased that section of sleeve in both sides, It is other sleeve.Chain wheel drive is middle sleeve.Carrier bar is to pull the carrier bar of transmission to thicken on general chain, it is being promoted transmission When have sufficient intensity.
Wide chain one end engagement is fixed on a tooth of sprocket wheel, will not fall off.This tooth point is chaining point.Sprocket wheel drives When wide chain is bulldozed balladeur train, chaining point turns to sprocket wheel left with sprocket wheel to be stopped, and this point is named " stop ".Sprocket wheel reversion drives When wide chain evens up balladeur train, chaining dot inversion to upper left " stop " side of sprocket wheel, it can just allow and pull the perpendicular of smooth frame Straight wide chain and the vertical non-interference position of wide chain stop, and this point is named " starting point ".On sprocket wheel, " starting point " and " only The length of wide chain is that wide chain can push or pull on the range that smooth frame advances or retreated between point ".This stroke Size be decided by the diameter of sprocket wheel.
Guide slide is the device for the wide chain above sprocket wheel being imported by circular arc slideway the sideslip road of linear. The width of wide chain is pressed in guide slide and sideslip road, and the twice that both sides are provided with the other sleeve movement for limiting wide chain both sides are smooth Side channel, the circular movement of wide chain is become to move along a straight line.There is sufficient space carrier bar and middle sleeve periphery, in nature shape State.
The rotating of sprocket wheel drives wide chain to be moved back and forth in guide slide and sideslip road, can be bulldozed balladeur train advance, And can evens up balladeur train retrogressing.
Frame sliding block slides in the frame slideway on forward and backward frame, and locking means, which have to slide manually, adds screw thread to turn round lock Determine mode and reel is set respectively on forward and backward frame, the fixed method of locking is pulled with drawstring.Combination helps arm section forward and backward Situation about being slided on frame is seldom.Mutual alignment of the arm section on bed is helped is helped in combination to be determined with height human body of medium height , it is not many higher or lower than of medium height, it can equally be applicable., can be with except the situation of a small number of especially high, especially short statures Adjust one to two and help arm group outside the position on forward and backward frame, be in most cases not necessary to adjustment.
Help the operation principle of arm transfer human body:
1st, human body is transferred to from the bed and helped on bed.Drawn close helping bed to be docked with bed.Arm is helped to be moved to human body side immediately, Respectively help arm group first to help arm front end wedge surface suitably to inject the gap between human body and bed surface with one, help on arm and lift a bit, pry open expansion Big gap.Respectively help the another of arm group to help arm front end to inject at once in the gap expanded, upper lift, it is motionless to expand gap again.Before One helps arm front end again insertable into gap, and upper lift is motionless.Such two are helped arm alternately.Entirely arm front end is helped all to be inserted into Human body is following.Then, each helping two of arm group to help arm alternating rising to lift, human body is motionless, drops to setpoint distance, promotes and set Set a distance, setting height is risen to, help arm to be all inserted into human body until whole following.Then, help arm group to lift human body on the whole, withdraw Fallen to helping above bed.Help in arm progradation, it is another help arm to lift human body in the case of carry out.What is promoted helps arm to be less than The arm of helping of human body is lifted, propulsion helps arm not rub human body.
According to the deflection situation of human body placement location in bed, help arm group can insert one by one or point several insertion human bodies under Side.
2nd, human body is transferred on bed from helping on bed.First drawn close helping bed to be docked with bed.Arm group is helped to lift human body, on bed Suitable distance is moved to, away from the appropriate height of bed surface.Then, each help two of arm group help arm alternately lift human body is motionless, decline, Retreat, until all exiting below human body, human body is placed in bed.
Help the control system of arm to have and control and automatically control part manually.Help arm to be vertically moved on bed is helped and help arm to stretch out Close to human body, insert between human body and bed surface the one of gap to three times, with manual control.Arm is then helped to inject human body following Overall process, and after human body is lifted, is recovered to and helps on bed, and decline the overall process for being placed on and helping on bed, all automatically control.Root According to concrete condition, some processes in automatically controlling can switch to manual control.Human body helps arm from when helping bed to be transferred on bed Human body is lifted, the overall process that human body is placed in bed is all automatically controlled.
Sideslip road both sides are connected with mobile horizontal block.It is provided with square " vacancy " below mobile horizontal block both ends, square " vacancy " Upper block face is ridden against above forward and backward frame, can be horizontally slipped.When helping arm to fall when on sideslip road, horizontal block and mobile horizontal block Upper plane is concordant with helping level on arm.Between adjacent mobile horizontal block, move between horizontal block and adjacent sideslip road, mobile horizontal block Between adjacent horizontal block, there is lead to be connected.Mobile horizontal block is linked to be curtain shape.The installation number of mobile horizontal block and the length of lead Degree, need between mobile sideslip road and need the determination of the distance between mobile sideslip road and horizontal block according to each.So, horizontal stroke is worked as Slideway to the left, when being moved along forward and backward frame to the right, the mobile horizontal block of edge direction is mutually drawn close before can promoting, and after pulling The lead of the mobile horizontal block of edge direction stretches one by one, makes because the room area that the movement of sideslip road occurs has mobile horizontal block to fill up, to people Body equally has support.
Arm type helps lead of the bed on mobile horizontal block one side of people's hip point to make the structure that can loosen.Loosen and lead Rope, mobile horizontal block is pressed on one side, a larger space is reserved, puts bedpan below, patient's solution can be facilitated just.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:1st, easily human body can be from the bed transferred to and helped on bed, again can be easily Patient is transferred on bed from helping on bed.2nd, the patient of body weight is shifted, entourage is very light, and patient is also comfortable.3rd, convenient disease People's solution is just.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that the fixed arm type in sideslip road helps an overall structure figure.
Fig. 2 is that sideslip road movable type arm type helps an overall structure figure.
Fig. 3 is to help arm configuration and two are helped arm to form a structure chart for helping arm group.
Fig. 4 is wide chain structure figure.
Fig. 5 is that arm type helps bed one to help arm group lowering or hoisting gear and propulsion plant structure chart.
Fig. 6 is that arm type helps one stereogram for helping arm group lowering or hoisting gear and propulsion plant of bed.
Fig. 7 is to help arm to inject the following operation principle explanation figure of human body.
Fig. 8 is to help arm to inject the following operation principle explanation figure of human body.
Fig. 9 is to help arm to inject the following operation principle explanation figure of human body.
Figure 10 is to help bed to dock with sick bed to draw close situation map.
Figure 11 is to help arm to lift positive withdraw after human body from sick bed to help a procedure chart.
In accompanying drawing:Wide chain 1, guide slide 2, clamping plate 3, motor 4, smooth frame 5, hoist cylinder 6, vertical sliding block 7, support 8, Vertical balladeur train 9, pushing hands 10, horizontal block 11, mattress 12, sideslip road 13, help arm 14, front bezel 15, foot stool 16, wheel carrier 17, wheel 18, after Frame 19, sprocket wheel 20, mobile horizontal block 21, lead 22, frame sliding block 23, frame slideway 24, fork handle 25, other sleeve 26, middle sleeve 27th, carrier bar 28, pivot pin 29, piston rod 30, chaining point 31, sick bed 32, human body 33.
Embodiment
It is that the fixed arm type in sideslip road helps an overall structure figure in Fig. 1.Front bezel 15, rear frame 19 are provided with below Foot stool 16.The vertical tubing string of wheel carrier 17 is arranged in the sleeve pipe of foot stool 16.Being provided with hydraulic cylinder in the sleeve pipe of foot stool 16 makes wheel carrier 17 vertical tubing string lifting.Wheel carrier 17 has wheel 18 below.Front bezel 15, rear frame 19, horizontal block 11 form the framework for helping bed.It is horizontal Block 11 is arranged on the lower section between forward and backward frame, and mattress 12 is arranged in horizontal block 11.Sideslip road 13 is directly anchored to forward and backward side On frame.Two terminations of forward and backward frame are connected with pushing hands 10, and bed is helped to promote.Respectively help people of the arm group by height of medium height Body determines its position on front bezel 15, rear frame 19.The people for differing not many with height of medium height can be applicable, individual Especially not high, especially short person can also use.The broken-up laying of mattress 12 is vacated on position sideslip road both sides, and plane is omited on mattress 12 Higher than the upper plane for helping arm 14 to fall to help arm 14 when on sideslip road 13.Help arm can be with electric heating constant temperature in winter.So, arm is helped to lift Patient can be directly fallen on fixed sideslip road.Arm is helped to turn into a part of bed surface, pressing mattress is a little i.e. with helping under human body Arm is concordant.
All it is to help bed structure specifically to describe with sideslip road movable type arm type in Fig. 2, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Figure 10, Figure 11.
During transporting patient, sideslip road is fixed with the portable operation principle for helping bed be as, simply horizontal stroke In slideway stationary structure, sideslip road is integrally fixed on forward and backward frame, and the sideslip road in sideslip road portable structure can be with Slided on forward and backward frame to adjust the position between sideslip road.
It is that sideslip road movable type arm type helps an overall structure figure in Fig. 2.Front bezel 15, rear frame 19 all open up above There is frame slideway 24, frame sliding block 23 is installed on frame slideway 24.Sideslip road 13 is fixed on the frame on forward and backward frame It is vertical with forward and backward frame on sliding block 23.It is mounted with to combine the vertical balladeur train 9 for helping arm section, smooth frame 5 on sideslip road 13, helps arm 14th, hoist cylinder 6, motor 4, sprocket wheel 20, wide chain 1, referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, related enlarged drawing is seen in control.
It is to help arm configuration and two are helped arm to form a structure chart for helping arm group in Fig. 3.It is rectangle frame to help the section of arm 14, It is hollow body.It is in wedge-like to help the front end of arm 14.The seamed edge of arm 14 is helped to fall angle, it is very smooth, the softer modeling of layer is covered above Material or rubber.Fork handle 25 is with helping arm 14 to be formed integrally.The socle of " ┓ " shape fork handle 25, which is vertically fixed on, helps plane on the left end of arm 14.On Square fork handle points to the left side, with helping arm parallel.
It is wide chain structure figure in Fig. 4.On the basis of existing chain, in the outside pivot pin of wide 1 two blocks of carrier bars 28 of chain On 29, each other sleeve 26 of one section of increase.Other sleeve 26 is equally through on pivot pin 29.Pivot pin termination chain method by original is handled With fixed other sleeve.That section of sleeve is middle sleeve 27 among two blocks of carrier bars 28.The driving engagement of sprocket wheel 20 is middle sleeve 27.With In guide slide 2 and sideslip road 13 it is other sleeve 26 as being imported into Fig. 5 come what is be oriented to.Middle sleeve 27 and the periphery of carrier bar 28 Sufficient space is left, in the raw.Carrier bar 28 will thicken than the carrier bar of existing chain, it is had in transmission is promoted enough Intensity.
In Fig. 5, it is that arm type helps bed one to help arm group lowering or hoisting gear and propulsion plant structure chart, that is, helps arm section side Figure.It is that the situation that arm section is seen from right to left is helped in Fig. 2.In order to facilitate wide chain 1, the drive mechanism of sprocket wheel 20 is observed, connect in Fig. 5 The clamping plate 3 of chain link wheel 20 is not drawn into.
In Fig. 6, it is that arm type helps one stereogram for helping arm group lowering or hoisting gear and propulsion plant of bed, is to help arm subassembly Figure.In order to facilitate wide chain, chain sprocket structure is observed, guide slide has been taken down in Fig. 6.The stereogram of compares figure 6 observes Fig. 5.It is vertical Balladeur train 9 is smooth frame 5 below.Vertical balladeur train 9 is connected with smooth frame 5, and orthogonal.Sideslip road 13 front bezel 15, after Above the frame sliding block 23 of frame 19.Sideslip road 13 is connected with frame sliding block 23, and orthogonal.Front bezel 15, back Frame 19 all offers frame slideway 24 above.Frame sliding block is arranged on frame slideway.Smooth frame is arranged on sideslip road.It is vertical to slide Notch is provided among frame, there is slideway on notch both sides.Vertical sliding block 7 is arranged in notch.The fork handle 25 of arm 14 is helped to be worn on the right from Fig. 5 The notch crossed among vertical balladeur train 9, is connected and fixed with vertical sliding block 7.Vertical upper end of slide block is fixed with support 8.Under hoist cylinder 6 End is fixed on smooth frame 5, and the upper end of piston rod 30 is connected on support 8.The stretching of the piston rod 30 of hoist cylinder 6, shrink, i.e., Fork handle 25 is driven, drives and helps arm 14 to rise, decline.It is the situation for helping arm to be lifted off sideslip road in Fig. 5.
Arm propulsion plant is helped by smooth frame, sideslip road, guide slide, frame sliding block, frame slideway, sprocket wheel, wide chain, electricity Machine forms.Left direction of the sideslip road in this head of rear frame, i.e. Fig. 5, frame suitable length after stretching.Sideslip road is in back Clamping plate 3 and guide slide 2 are fixed with below this one end section of stretching out of frame.Guide slide 2 is connected and fixed with sideslip road 13.Chain Wheel 20 is arranged among two pieces of clamping plates 3.Wide chain 1 is hung on sprocket wheel 20.Wide chain 1 below sprocket wheel has been introduced into guiding and slided In road, and sideslip road is come into, and connected together with smooth frame, referring to Fig. 5.The work of the smooth frame of the wide chain push-and-pull of chain wheel drive It is as principle:Wide chain one end engagement is hung on a tooth of sprocket wheel, and fixed this termination of wide chain, will not be in tooth On come off.This tooth point is chaining point 31.Chaining point 31 is in side above sprocket wheel, can just allow into guide slide Wide chain, it is non-interference with it.Chaining point at this moment position " starting point ".Sprocket wheel rotationally clockwise, then on wide chain Other sleeve under the limitation of guide slide 2, sideslip road can only be advanced into along guide slide, promotes smooth frame to move right. When chaining point goes to sprocket wheel lower left, sprocket wheel stops operating.At this moment, smooth frame right lateral is in place.Chaining point at this moment position Cry " stop ".When sprocket wheel counter-clockwise direction rotates, then wide chain is moved to the left from sideslip road and is hung around on sprocket wheel.Wide chain is drawn Smooth frame is moved to the left.When the position that chaining point is gone in Fig. 5, i.e. " starting point " position, then smooth frame left lateral is in place.On sprocket wheel The length of wide chain is exactly the stroke of smooth frame between " starting point " and " stop ".This stroke is slightly smaller than wide chain and enclosed around sprocket wheel one Length.
Guide slide becomes the circular motion of wide chain the linear motion in sideslip road, can be bulldozed balladeur train and help arm Advance, and can evens up balladeur train and helps arm to retreat.
The following both sides of sideslip road 13 of arm group are helped each or while be provided with mobile horizontal block 21, under mobile two of horizontal block 21 Respectively there is a square vacancy side, and the block face above vacancy is lain in front bezel 15 and rear frame 19, can be horizontally slipped.It is mobile The upper plane of horizontal block 21 is concordant with helping the upper plane that arm 14 is placed on when on sideslip road 13.Between every mobile horizontal block, move horizontal block All it is connected between sideslip road with two leads 22.Lead 22 is at mobile each two of horizontal block two.Mobile horizontal block is in figure 6 The left side, the right, it is connected with adjacent horizontal block lead 22, or is connected with adjacent sideslip road with lead, referring also to Fig. 2.Help Arm group, which will adjust, is helping the position in bed length direction, is slided by the following frame sliding block 23 in sideslip road on frame slideway 24 To realize.Sideslip road moves to a direction, and such as the right in Fig. 6, the mobile horizontal block that just pushes away the right is close to each other, draws close.Lead Restrict 22 it is curved hang downwards.Sideslip road stretches the lead on the left side in Fig. 6, and the mobile horizontal block being pulled and then can move right together, To fill up the vacancy that sideslip road right lateral occurs.
Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9 are to help arm to inject the following operation principle explanation figure of human body.1st, help under the whole anterior insertion human body of arm Process is before between side and bed surface:During human body recumbency, no matter there are upward receipts human body side which position contacted with bed surface Contracting shape inclined-plane.K-K lines are two initials for helping arm, i.e. initial position.For sake of convenience, from bottom to top help arm by No. 1,2 Number numbering.In Fig. 7, No. 1 is helped arm 14 motionless.No. 2 are helped arm 14 to advance, the gap helped between arm front wedge mouth insertion human body and bed surface It is interior, help on arm and lift, expand gap between human body and bed surface.In Fig. 8, No. 1 is helped arm to advance at once, and wedge mouth insertion in front expands In gap, help on arm and lift.In Fig. 9, No. 2 are helped arm to advance, upper lift.Entirely arm front portion is helped to be all inserted into human body following.Above procedure can With manual control operation.2nd, the process after helping the whole anterior insertion human body of arm following is:Operating personnel can press autokeyer, It is all to automatically control operation to help the following overall process of arm insertion human body below.Again described from Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9.It is 2 in Fig. 7 Arm front portion number is helped to be already inserted into below human body.No. 2 are helped the suitably upper lift of arm a bit, and appropriate one is reserved between bed surface below to arm is helped The space of points, that is, set space.It is motionless to lift human body.In Fig. 8, No. 1 is helped arm advance setpoint distance, and then, No. 1 is helped arm to lift on the whole Arm isometry position is helped to No. 2, it is motionless to lift human body.In Fig. 9, No. 2 are helped arm to decline setpoint distance, are proceeded to setpoint distance, are helped Arm rises.Being later No. 1, No. 2 helps arm alternating rising to lift motionless human body, decline, advance, rise, and helps arm all to insert until whole It is following in human body.Arm group while upper lift are respectively helped, that is, lifts transfer human body.
Help the advance of arm to be carried out after decline, do not contacted with human body, there is no sliding friction with human body.
Helping the control system of arm has manual control part and automatically controls part, according to actual conditions, automatically controls part Some processes can switch to manual control.Help starting process one to the intermittent three times of arm insertion human body to insert, hand can be used Dynamic control.The single group of arm group is helped to insert one by one, or several groups are inserted together, also with control manually.When from the bed to helping bed During transporting patient, when help arm it is anterior enter human body it is following after, help arm to fully enter under human body crack approach and grasped with automatically controlling Make.When from helping bed to be placed on above bed after appropriate height and position, help arm to during sick bed transporting patient, respectively helping arm group to lift patient The overall process of human body is exited, is operated with automatically controlling.
It is to help bed to dock with sick bed to draw close situation map in Figure 10.Arm group is respectively helped according to the height situation of human body on sick bed 32 33 It is determined that arm group is helped to help the position in bed length direction.
It is to help arm to lift positive withdraw after human body from sick bed to help a procedure chart in Figure 11.Arm is helped to insert according to front Enter the following process of human body, the manual control operation of operating personnel, human necks, shoulders part can be individually operated, and remaining several position can be with Operate simultaneously and inject the lower section of human body 33.Help arm to put down bed surface, but not press face, put down the nature being moved between human body and bed surface At gap, suitably inject.Then lift on arm is helped to expand gap, it is another to help arm to inject at once in the gap expanded, It is more extending deeper.So, help arm alternately to inject for two, entirely help arm front end to be all inserted into human body following, press autokeyer, Help in arm alternating for two and lift motionless human body, decline, advance, rise, entirely help arm to be inserted into human body lower section.Each group helps arm automatically same Step rises, and lifts human body, is automatically withdrawn into after helping above bed, helps under arm and drop on sideslip road.Human body is placed on by horizontal block, helped On the bed surface that arm, mobile horizontal block form.
Human body is transferred on sick bed from helping on bed.First drawn close helping bed to be docked with sick bed.Arm group is respectively helped synchronously to lift people Body is moved to appropriate height above sick bed.Respectively helping arm group to help arm alternately to lift, human body is motionless, declines, retreats, and is exited until all Below human body, human body is placed on one's sick bed.

Claims (7)

1. arm type helps bed, mainly arm section is helped to form by lathe bed part, combination, it is characterised in that:
(1), lathe bed part is made up of wheel carrier, foot stool, pushing hands, horizontal block, front bezel, rear frame;
(2), front bezel and rear frame wheel carrier and foot stool are installed below;
(3), combination help arm section by helping arm, helping arm group, help arm elevator apparatus, help arm propulsion plant, control system to form; (4), help arm elevator apparatus to be made up of vertical balladeur train, vertical sliding block, hoist cylinder, fork handle;
(5), help arm propulsion plant by smooth frame, sideslip road, guide slide, frame sliding block, frame slideway, sprocket wheel, wide chain, electricity Machine forms;
(6), sprocket wheel be arranged on sideslip road in the lower section of this end section of stretching out of rear frame;
(7), wide chain one end buckle and be fixed on a tooth of sprocket wheel, the other end is connected with smooth frame;
(8), sprocket wheel rotating drive wide chain to be moved back and forth in guide slide and sideslip road, balladeur train advance can be bulldozed, And can evens up balladeur train retrogressing;
(9), help the advance and retrogressing of arm, by helping arm propulsion plant to complete, help the rise and fall of arm by helping arm elevator apparatus complete Into;
(10), one help arm group to help arm to form by two:
(11), sideslip road have fixed and portable mounting structure:
(12), when human body being transferred into arm type from the bed helping on bed, first helping bed to hold together to dock with bed mooring, each help arm group Two gaps for helping arm alternately to inject between human body and bed surface, upper lift expand gap, replace and lift motionless human body, decline, advance, Help arm insertion human body following until whole, you can to lift human body, withdrawal, which is placed on, to be helped on bed;
(13), by human body from arm type help the bed to be transferred on another specified bed when, bed will be helped to hold together to dock with specified bed mooring, help arm Group, which lifts human body, is moved to appropriate height above specified bed, it is each help arm group help arm alternately to lift human body, decline, retrogressing, Until human body is placed on specified bed;
Each helps arm to have a set of independent lowering or hoisting gear and propulsion plant.
2. the arm type according to claim 1 helps bed, it is characterised in that:Vertical balladeur train is connected with smooth frame, mutually Vertically.
3. the arm type according to claim 1 helps bed, it is characterised in that:Smooth frame is arranged on sideslip road.
4. the arm type according to claim 1 helps bed, it is characterised in that:In sideslip road movable type mounting structure, sideslip Road is connected with frame sliding block, orthogonal.
5. the arm type according to claim 1 helps bed, it is characterised in that:In sideslip road movable type mounting structure, frame Sliding block is arranged on frame slideway.
6. the arm type according to claim 1 helps bed, it is characterised in that:In sideslip road movable type mounting structure, in horizontal stroke Slideway both sides are connected with mobile horizontal block.
7. the arm type according to claim 1 helps bed, it is characterised in that:In the fixedly mounted structure in sideslip road, every The position upper berth of vacating on individual sideslip road both sides is placed with mattress and bed cloth.
CN201510473484.6A 2015-08-06 2015-08-06 Arm type helps bed CN104970938B (en)

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CN105232248A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-13 遂宁市长丰机械科技有限公司 Combined armrest transfer chair
CN105596162B (en) * 2016-02-03 2018-03-13 安徽省华腾农业科技有限公司 A kind of medical transfer frame
CN105748228B (en) * 2016-04-01 2018-06-19 哈尔滨医科大学 A kind of stretcher auxiliary device
KR101956178B1 (en) * 2017-07-17 2019-03-08 인하대학교 산학협력단 Apparatus for assisting

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CN201987781U (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-09-28 刘新正 Nursing bed for helping people to have natural sitting posture
CN103054679A (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-04-24 郭亨利 Standing-assistant chair and method for moving body by using same
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