CN104889745A - Machining all-in-one machine device - Google Patents

Machining all-in-one machine device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104889745A
CN104889745A CN201510321877.5A CN201510321877A CN104889745A CN 104889745 A CN104889745 A CN 104889745A CN 201510321877 A CN201510321877 A CN 201510321877A CN 104889745 A CN104889745 A CN 104889745A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
machine
machining
transmission
base
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Application number
CN201510321877.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104889745B (en
Inventor
杨齐成
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来安县新元机电设备设计有限公司
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Priority to CN201510321877.5A priority Critical patent/CN104889745B/en
Publication of CN104889745A publication Critical patent/CN104889745A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/04Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass for both machining and other metal-working operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes

Abstract

Disclosed is a machining all-in-one machine device. The machining all-in-one machine device is characterized by comprising a work platform, wherein the work platform is in a cross shape, a material moving device is installed on the work platform, a processing device and an assembly device are installed on two sides of the material moving device, the material moving device comprises a horizontal rail installed on the work platform, a bottom seat is installed on the horizontal rail, a threaded rod passes through the bottom seat, and is installed in the horizontal rail, one end of the threaded rod is connected with a motor, and a work piece shelf is installed on the bottom seat. Compared with the prior art, the machining all-in-one machine device has the following advantages of (1) comprising a cutting chip processing system of a lathe and a miller, being complete in function, and completing machining through numerical control; (2) having a polishing function, and saving manual polishing time; (3) performing automatic assembly, assembling a bearing on a short shaft through mechanical control after the short shaft is completely machined, and being high in speed.

Description

A kind of machining integrative machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to chemical machinery technical field, be specifically related to a kind of machining integrative machine.
Background technology
Axle (shaft) is through the cylindrical object in the middle of bearing or in the middle of wheel or in the middle of gear, but also have small part to be square.Axle is the machine components that support rotary part turning round therewith transmits motion, moment of torsion or moment of flexure.Be generally round metal shaft-like, each section can have different diameters.The part doing gyration in machine is just contained on axle.
The structural design of axle determines reasonable profile and the entire infrastructure size of axle, is the important step that axle designs.It is by the fixed form of mounting parts type on axle, size and position thereof, part, the character of load, direction, size and distribution situation, the type of bearing and size, the blank of axle, manufacture and assembly technology, installation and transport, relevant to factors such as the distortion of axle.Designer can design according to the specific requirement of axle, can do several scheme if desired to compare, to select best design, be below general axis principles of structural design: 1, save material, weight reduction, adopts the cross sectional shape of equal strength appearance and size or large section factor as far as possible; 2, be easy to parts on shaft accurately locate, firmly, assemble, dismantle and adjust; 3, various minimizing stress is adopted to concentrate and improve the structural measure of intensity; 4, be convenient to processing and manufacturing and ensure precision.
The classification of axle: common axle can be divided into bent axle, d-axis, flexible axle, solid shafting, hollow shaft, stiff shaft, flexible axle (flexible axle) according to the planform of axle.
D-axis can be divided into again: 1. rotating shaft, not only bears moment of flexure but also bear moment of torsion during work, is modal axle in machinery, as the axle etc. in various decelerator.2. axle, being used for support rotary part only bears moment of flexure and not transmitting torque, and some central axis, as the axle etc. of rolling stock, some axle is not then rotated, as the axle etc. of supporting pulley.3. power transmission shaft, is mainly used to transmitting torque and does not bear moment of flexure, as the driving shaft etc. of the long optical axis in crane movable mechanism, automobile.The material of axle mainly adopts carbon steel or steel alloy, also can adopt spheroidal graphite cast-iron or alloy cast iron etc.The ability to work of axle generally depends on strength and stiffness, also depends on stability of vibration during rotating speed height.
Patent publication No CN103817369A discloses a kind of five-axis robot machine, it is characterized in that, comprises support, portal frame, suspension transmission mechanism, the vertical arm mechanism of mill principal axis and horizontal main axis seat; Portal frame is located on support; Mill principal axis and suspension transmission mechanism are located on portal frame; Horizontal main axis seat is located at and hangs on transmission mechanism, moves to realize XYZ axle; The vertical arm mechanism of mill principal axis is positioned at the horizontal main axis front end of horizontal main axis seat, and the vertical arm mechanism of mill principal axis drives the vertical arm mechanism of mill principal axis to rotate by electric rotating machine, moves to realize AB axle.
And for example Patent publication No CN104475641A discloses a kind of bolt processing integrated machine, comprise frame, decompressor, feeding mold base, conveying device, thin material conveyer and workbench, described pure conveyer is fixed on the upper right side of workbench, described conveying device is positioned at the lower left of pure conveyer, and described conveying device is fixed on the left upper end of workbench, described frame and table vertical are arranged, described feeding mold base is positioned at the left side of conveying device, described feeding mold base is fixed on the upper rear end of frame, described decompressor is positioned at the dead ahead of feeding mold base, described decompressor is fixed on the front end, top of frame.Add man-hour carrying out bolt mass, now bar is thrown in in pure conveyer, start conveying device, also can be synchronous order about pure conveyer feed, so pure conveyer exports a bar at every turn, just in time fall on a conveyor, conveying device is utilized to be delivered to by bar on feeding mold base, and then start the punching press of decompressor realization to multiple bar, make bolt head one-shot forming, and complete undergauge process, after this semi-finished product after punching press can be put in thread rolling machine and carry out thread rolling, to complete screw thread process.
At present, due to the operation that axle processing needs are complicated, although numerical control machine tool technique is flourishing now, an equipment is utilized to complete the current equipment also not reaching this type of technology of chip processing of required form for an axle.Meanwhile, after axle machines, need to be overlapped upper bearing (metal) and make it can be directly installed in machinery equipment to carry out cooperation.Whole process is all that segmentation is carried out before this, non-interference, and the process time of such product is long, and production efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the shortcoming of prior art, propose a kind of machining integrative machine, this robot, mainly for the processing of minor axis, accomplishes the integration of chip, milling key, polishing, boring, assembling, decreases manufacturing procedure, production efficiency is improved greatly.
For realizing object of the present invention, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of machining integrative machine, it is characterized in that: comprise workbench, described workbench is cross, is provided with and moves materials device above it, and processing unit (plant) and assembling device are arranged on the both sides moving materials device;
The described materials device that moves comprises and is arranged on laying oneself on the railway tracks of workbench, described in lay oneself on the railway tracks on base is installed; Threaded rod is through floor installation in laying oneself on the railway tracks, and its one end is connected with motor, and work rest is arranged on base;
Assembling device comprises track one, described guide rail one is provided with the base plate one moved forward and backward by cylinder one control, and motor one and motor two are arranged on above described base plate one; Described base plate one is provided with and drives tapper mechanism and assemble mechanism rotary work by the belt transmission of transmission device, and be arranged on assemble mechanism side by the borehole drill construction of motor two driven rotary, described motor one is connected belt with between transmission device;
Processing unit (plant) comprises guide rail two, described track two is provided with the base plate two moved forward and backward by cylinder two control, and motor three is arranged on base plate two, is arranged on the front of motor three by the lathe tool mechanism of motor three transmission and milling cutter mechanism;
Preferentially, described work rest side is connected with jacking mechanism, and jacking mechanism is fixed on base.
Preferentially, described borehole drill construction periphery is also provided with workpiece clamping cover.
Preferentially, described motor three and pass through belt transmission between lathe tool mechanism and milling cutter mechanism.
Preferentially, also comprise processing unit (plant), described upper processing unit (plant) comprises crane, described crane is vertically mounted on workbench (100), guide rail three is arranged on inside crane, drive the hanger of lifting to be arranged on guide rail three by cylinder three, described hanger is provided with the upper drilling machine by motor three driven rotary and polishing machine.
Preferentially, described upper drilling machine is telescopic tapping machine.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present invention is as follows: (1) has the chip system of processing of lathe and milling machine, multiple functional, has controlled processing by numerical control; (2) robot has again polishing function, saves the manual polishing time; (3) automatically assemble, after minor axis machines, by Mechanical course by bearing assemble on minor axis, speed is fast.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The following accompanying drawing by means of embodiment carries out brief description to the present invention now.In accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 shows the structural configuration schematic diagram of machining integrative machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 illustrates that Fig. 1's disassembles schematic diagram further;
What Fig. 3 showed Fig. 2 disassembles schematic diagram further;
Another view direction that Fig. 4 shows Fig. 2 disassembles schematic diagram further;
Fig. 5 shows the structural configuration schematic diagram of processing unit (plant) in the present invention;
Fig. 6 shows the side view of processing unit (plant) in the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.Following examples will contribute to those skilled in the art and understand the present invention further, but not limit the present invention in any form.It should be pointed out that to those skilled in the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some distortion and improvement can also be made.These all belong to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Please consult Fig. 1 by emphasis, a kind of machining integrative machine, comprises workbench 100, and described workbench 100 is cross, is provided with and moves materials device 500 above it, and processing unit (plant) 400 and assembling device 200 are arranged on the both sides moving materials device 500.
Please consult Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 by emphasis, move materials device 500 comprise be arranged on workbench 100 lay oneself on the railway tracks 504, described in lay oneself on the railway tracks on 504 base 502 be installed; Threaded rod 505 is arranged on through base 502 lays oneself on the railway tracks in 504, and its one end is connected with motor 506, and work rest 503 is arranged on base 502.Work rest 503 side is connected with jacking mechanism 501, and jacking mechanism 501 is fixed on base 502.
Workpiece is first fixing on work rest 503, and by jacking mechanism 501 by motionless for workpiece dieback, motor 506 rotarily drives threaded rod 505 rotation makes base 502 with workpiece motion s, and such workpiece is processed by each manufacturing procedure successively.
Please consult Fig. 3 by emphasis, processing unit (plant) 400 comprises guide rail 2 406, described track 2 406 is provided with and controls by cylinder 2 408 base plate 2 403 that moves forward and backward, motor 3 407 is arranged on base plate 2 403, is arranged on the front of motor 3 407 by the lathe tool mechanism 401 of motor 3 407 transmission and milling cutter mechanism 404.Motor 3 407 and between lathe tool mechanism 401 and milling cutter mechanism 404 by belt 402 transmission.
Workpiece is driven by base 502 and moves laying oneself on the railway tracks on 504, lathe tool mechanism 401 and milling cutter mechanism 404 rotary work under motor 3 407 drives, it is shaping that lathe tool mechanism 401 pairs of workpiece carry out chip, and the keyway in workpiece mills out by milling cutter mechanism 404, and axle preparatory processing is completed.
Please consult Fig. 2 and Fig. 4 by emphasis, assembling device 20 comprises track 1, and described guide rail 1 is provided with and controls by cylinder 1 base plate 1 that moves forward and backward, motor 1 and motor 2 204 are arranged on above described base plate 1; Described base plate 1 is provided with and drives tapper mechanism 201 and assemble mechanism 206 rotary work by the belt transmission of transmission device 209, be arranged on assemble mechanism 206 side by the borehole drill construction 205 of motor 2 204 driven rotary, described motor 1 is connected belt with between transmission device 209.Described borehole drill construction 205 periphery is also provided with workpiece clamping cover 210.
Minor axis workpiece in chip processing simultaneously, blocked fixing by workpiece clamping cover 210, and first borehole drill construction 205 holes to it by other one end of minor axis.While workpiece enters milling key station, tapper mechanism 201 carries out tapping to the circular hole processed by borehole drill construction 205 simultaneously, makes minor axis be convenient to the assembling with other workpiece.Assembling device 20 carries out, in the middle of the operation of boring and tapping, carrying out assembly process in addition, be namely inserted in above minor axis workpiece by the bearing put well in advance by assemble mechanism 206 workpiece at control workpiece.
Please consult Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 by emphasis, upper processing unit (plant) 300, described upper processing unit (plant) 300 comprises crane 301, described crane 301 is vertically mounted on workbench 100, guide rail 3 302 is arranged on inside crane 301, drive the hanger 308 of lifting to be arranged on guide rail 3 302 by cylinder 3 305, described hanger 308 is provided with the upper drilling machine 306 by motor 3 304 driven rotary and polishing machine 307, described upper drilling machine 306 is telescopic tapping machine.
In minor axis process, the workpiece higher to the product requirement surface roughness had, can utilize cylinder 3 305 to control polishing machine 307 and decline and carry out sanding and polishing to minor axis workpiece, improve roughness, can also remove burr simultaneously.In some product, also need the installation requirement boring of minor axis side being met to other, namely holed by upper drilling machine 306 pairs of workpiece.

Claims (6)

1. a machining integrative machine, it is characterized in that: comprise workbench (100), described workbench (100) is cross, is provided with and moves materials device (500) above it, and processing unit (plant) (400) and assembling device (200) are arranged on the both sides moving materials device (500);
The described materials device (500) that moves comprises lay oneself on the railway tracks (504) being arranged on workbench (100), described in lay oneself on the railway tracks on (504) base (502) be installed; Threaded rod (505) is arranged on through base (502) lays oneself on the railway tracks in (504), and its one end is connected with motor (506), and work rest (503) is arranged on base (502);
Assembling device (200) comprises track one (207), described guide rail one (207) is provided with and controls by cylinder one (208) base plate one (202) that moves forward and backward, motor one (203) and motor two (204) are arranged on above described base plate one (202); Described base plate one (202) is provided with and drives tapper mechanism (201) and assemble mechanism (206) rotary work by the belt transmission of transmission device (209), be arranged on assemble mechanism (206) side by the borehole drill construction (205) of motor two (204) driven rotary, described motor one (203) is connected belt with between transmission device (209);
Processing unit (plant) (400) comprises guide rail two (406), described track two (406) is provided with and controls by cylinder two (408) base plate two (403) that moves forward and backward, motor three (407) is arranged on base plate two (403), is arranged on the front of motor three (407) by the lathe tool mechanism (401) of motor three (407) transmission and milling cutter mechanism (404).
2. machining integrative machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described work rest (503) side is connected with jacking mechanism (501), and jacking mechanism (501) is fixed on base (502).
3. machining integrative machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described borehole drill construction (205) periphery is also provided with workpiece clamping cover (210).
4. machining integrative machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described motor three (407) and between lathe tool mechanism (401) and milling cutter mechanism (404) by belt (402) transmission.
5. machining integrative machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise processing unit (plant) (300), described upper processing unit (plant) (300) comprises crane (301), described crane (301) is vertically mounted on workbench (100), guide rail three (302) is arranged on crane (301) inner side, drive the hanger (308) of lifting to be arranged on guide rail three (302) by cylinder three (305), described hanger (308) is provided with the upper drilling machine (306) by motor three (304) driven rotary and polishing machine (307).
6. machining integrative machine according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described upper drilling machine (306) is telescopic tapping machine.
CN201510321877.5A 2015-06-12 2015-06-12 One kind machining integrative machine CN104889745B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510321877.5A CN104889745B (en) 2015-06-12 2015-06-12 One kind machining integrative machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104889745B CN104889745B (en) 2017-07-14

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106271637A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-01-04 苏嘉杰 A kind of brill milling compounding machine bed
CN106312523A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-01-11 淮南国力液压装备有限公司 Oil cylinder piston rod end assembling machine capable of achieving straddle screw hole machining
CN106862932A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 东莞市凯勒帝数控科技有限公司 Automation integrated machine is ground in a kind of perforate of motor casing
CN106956045A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-18 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 Safely and efficiently female thread machining device
CN109570649A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-04-05 珠海山诺科技有限公司 A kind of full automatic tapping machine
CN109732355A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-05-10 蓝海五金(深圳)有限公司 A kind of automatic processing machine tool of printer axle core
CN111730355A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-02 东阳市刚刚电器销售有限公司 Full-automatic hardware molding production line
CN111958247A (en) * 2020-07-09 2020-11-20 宁波亿诺智能装备有限公司 Automatic camshaft machining device

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CN102528458A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-04 浙江大学台州研究院 Automatic drilling and tapping machine tool for valves
CN103331649A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-10-02 天津市鑫华美标准件制造有限公司 Multifunctional integrated machining machine
CN203679754U (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-07-02 温州职业技术学院 Automatic drilling and tapping machine tool
CN204195409U (en) * 2014-10-18 2015-03-11 毛培均 A kind of vertical machining centre

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106271637A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-01-04 苏嘉杰 A kind of brill milling compounding machine bed
CN106312523A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-01-11 淮南国力液压装备有限公司 Oil cylinder piston rod end assembling machine capable of achieving straddle screw hole machining
CN106862932A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 东莞市凯勒帝数控科技有限公司 Automation integrated machine is ground in a kind of perforate of motor casing
CN106956045A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-18 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 Safely and efficiently female thread machining device
CN109570649A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-04-05 珠海山诺科技有限公司 A kind of full automatic tapping machine
CN109732355A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-05-10 蓝海五金(深圳)有限公司 A kind of automatic processing machine tool of printer axle core
CN109732355B (en) * 2018-12-24 2021-04-20 蓝海五金(深圳)有限公司 Automatic processing machine tool of printer axle core
CN111958247A (en) * 2020-07-09 2020-11-20 宁波亿诺智能装备有限公司 Automatic camshaft machining device
CN111730355A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-02 东阳市刚刚电器销售有限公司 Full-automatic hardware molding production line

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