CN204700345U - A kind of axis machining apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of axis machining apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204700345U
CN204700345U CN201520425656.8U CN201520425656U CN204700345U CN 204700345 U CN204700345 U CN 204700345U CN 201520425656 U CN201520425656 U CN 201520425656U CN 204700345 U CN204700345 U CN 204700345U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fairlead
machining apparatus
studdle
axis machining
chuck
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520425656.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何小平
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何小平
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Priority to CN201520425656.8U priority Critical patent/CN204700345U/en
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Publication of CN204700345U publication Critical patent/CN204700345U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of axis machining apparatus, comprise frame, frame upper left is provided with chuck, and the right side of chuck is provided with shaft tray, and the right side of shaft tray is provided with processing unit (plant); Shaft tray comprises bracket base, and bracket base is provided with the fairlead vertically extended, and the slidable fit that leads in fairlead has studdle, and the upper end of studdle is provided with the curved support plate for coordinating with the outer peripheral face of axle; Processing unit (plant) comprises stepper motor and digital control system, connecting bolt, axle and tailstock, and the left end of shape screw rod is provided with drill chuck, and drill chuck connects straight shank drill.The utility model utilizes motor as power source, machine tooling deep hole can be realized, instead of barrel of tail stock handwheel, both improve crudy and productivity ratio, significantly reduce again the labour intensity of workman simultaneously, and fuselage is provided with shaft tray, structure is simple, and convenient manufacture, greatly reduces processing cost, improve working (machining) efficiency, save a large amount of time.

Description

A kind of axis machining apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to axle manufacture field, specifically a kind of axis machining apparatus.
Background technology
Lathe (English name: machine tool) refers to the machine of manufacturing machine, also known as machine-tool or toolroom machine, is called for short lathe traditionally.Generally be divided into Metal Cutting Machine Tool, forging machine tool and wood craft machines etc.In modern mechanical manufacturing, the method for processing equipment part is a lot: except machining, also have casting, forging, welding, punching press, extruding etc., in every case belong to the part that required precision is higher and surface roughness requirements is thinner, generally all finally need process by the method for cutting on lathe.Lathe plays significant role in the construction of national economic modernization.
Common lathe has lathe, boring machine, milling machine, grinding machine, drilling machine etc., and traditional lathe is made up of following essential part usually: support unit, for installing and supporting miscellaneous part and workpiece, bears its weight and cutting force, as lathe bed and column etc.; Gear, for changing the speed of main motion; Feed mechanism, for changing the amount of feeding; Main spindle box is in order to install machine tool chief axis; Knife rest, tool magazine, control and control system, lubricating system and cooling system.
The modal processing method of axis hole is: clamping drill bit on tail stock, and hand-operated drilling, then fills boring cutter on knife rest, carries out car boring processing.This method is very convenient to more shallow machining of oil hole, and machining accuracy also can ensure.But the axis hole darker to those, processing is got up and just be difficult for very much.On the one hand, during hand-operated tailstock boring, barrel of tail stock stroke is very short, when hand feed reaches sleeve extreme limit of travel, must shake back again, push away before whole tailstock, and then hand processing.So repeatedly carry out, labour intensity is very big, and efficiency is very low.And the complex structure of existing bracket, manufacture the human and material resources, the financial resources that need to cost a lot of money, also need the process time grown very much, this just adds processing cost to a certain extent, simultaneously, this bracket is when supporting axial workpiece, if the two ends of axle all need processing, need to adjust the direction of axle man-hour is added to the other end processing one end, also need to turn to by means of suspender, waste man-hour, operation inconvenience.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of axis machining apparatus, to solve the problem proposed in above-mentioned background technology.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of axis machining apparatus, comprise frame, frame upper left is provided with chuck, and the right side of chuck is provided with shaft tray, and the right side of shaft tray is provided with processing unit (plant); Described shaft tray comprises bracket base, bracket base is provided with the fairlead vertically extended, the slidable fit that leads in fairlead has studdle, the upper end of studdle is provided with the curved support plate for coordinating with the outer peripheral face of axle, studdle is installed with upper end for being pressed on fairlead in use and the adjusting nut be rotatably assorted with the upper end of fairlead, adjusting nut is provided with the turning handle for rotating adjusting nut perpendicular to Axis Extension; Described bracket base is provided with and makes it be in the pedestal adjusting device of level for adjusting base, described bracket base comprises support bar, pedestal adjusting device comprise be located at support bar one end for the draw-in groove of the rail plate clamping on lathe and be located at the support bar other end and make it keep the adjustment bolt of level for adjusting support bar height; Described processing unit (plant) comprises stepper motor and digital control system, connecting bolt, axle and tailstock, stepper motor is in transmission connection motor gear, motor gear is in transmission connection screw rod, screw rod is meshed with reduction gearing, and reduction gearing is located in reduction box, and screw rod connects trapezoidal screw by shaft coupling transmission, described trapezoidal screw is located in axle, be located in described tailstock in axle, the left end of trapezoidal screw is provided with drill chuck, and drill chuck connects straight shank drill.
As further program of the utility model: the length of described fairlead is greater than the length of studdle to make, when studdle is moved downward to extreme lower position, can be fully retracted in fairlead.
As the utility model further scheme: described draw-in groove is the angle bar that two edge lengths do not wait.
As the utility model further scheme: the junction of described shaft coupling and trapezoidal screw and screw rod is provided with key.
As the utility model further scheme: the two ends of described shaft coupling are equipped with counter flange.
As the utility model further scheme: the right-hand member of described trapezoidal screw is provided with trapezoidal nut.
As the utility model further scheme: described tailstock is flexibly connected with frame.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model utilizes motor as power source, can realize machine tooling deep hole, instead of barrel of tail stock handwheel, both improve crudy and productivity ratio, significantly reduce again the labour intensity of workman, and fuselage is provided with shaft tray simultaneously, structure is simple, convenient manufacture, only needs several frequently seen part namely can be made into bracket, greatly reduces processing cost, also improve working (machining) efficiency, save a large amount of time; And lathe itself does not almost do and changes greatly, does not need improving cost, do not destroy any parts that lathe is original, for original turning function without any impact, therefore there is very large improvement for working (machining) efficiency, adopt numerical control to control simultaneously, accuracy has again very high guarantee.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of axis machining apparatus;
Fig. 2 be in axis machining apparatus shaft tray structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 2;
In figure: 1-frame, 2-chuck, 3-shaft-like work, 4-shaft tray, 5-straight shank drill, 6-drill jig, 7-tailstock, 8-axle, 9-trapezoidal screw, 10-trapezoidal nut, 11-connecting bolt, 12-counter flange, 13-shaft coupling, 14-key, 15-reduction box, 16-reduction gearing, 17-stepper motor and digital control system, 18-motor gear, 19-screw rod, 30-turning handle, 41-support bar, 42-fairlead, 43-adjusting nut, 44-studdle, 101-adjust bolt, 102-draw-in groove.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described in more detail below in conjunction with the technical scheme of detailed description of the invention to this patent.
Refer to Fig. 1-4, a kind of axis machining apparatus, comprise frame 1, described frame 1 upper left is provided with chuck 2, and chuck 2 is for the termination of fixed axis workpiece 3, and the right side of chuck 2 is provided with shaft tray 4, and the right side of shaft tray 4 is provided with processing unit (plant).
Shaft tray 4 comprises bracket base, bracket base is provided with the fairlead 42 vertically extended, the slidable fit that leads in fairlead 42 has studdle 44, the upper end of studdle 44 is provided with the curved support plate for coordinating with the outer peripheral face of axle, studdle 44 is installed with upper end for being pressed on fairlead 42 in use and the adjusting nut 43 be rotatably assorted with the upper end of fairlead 42, adjusting nut 43 is provided with the turning handle 30 for rotating adjusting nut 43 perpendicular to Axis Extension.
The length of described fairlead 42 is greater than the length of studdle 44 to make, when studdle 44 is moved downward to extreme lower position, can be fully retracted in fairlead 42.
Described bracket base is provided with and makes it be in the pedestal adjusting device of level for adjusting base, described bracket base comprises support bar 41, pedestal adjusting device comprise be located at support bar 41 one end for the draw-in groove 102 of the rail plate clamping on lathe and be located at support bar 41 other end and highly make it keep the adjustment bolt 101 of level for adjusting support bar 41.
Described draw-in groove 102 is the angle bar that two edge lengths do not wait.
Described processing unit (plant) comprises stepper motor and digital control system 17, connecting bolt 11, axle 8 and tailstock 7, stepper motor and digital control system 17 are for providing the power of equipment, for replacing traditional barrel of tail stock and barrel of tail stock handwheel, by the running of digital control system control step motor, stepper motor is in transmission connection motor gear 18, motor gear 18 is in transmission connection screw rod 19, screw rod 19 is meshed with reduction gearing 16, reduction gearing 16 is located in reduction box 15, screw rod 19 can be made to rotate by reduction gearing 16 to slow down, thus regulate the speed, described screw rod 19 is located in shaft coupling 13, screw rod 19 to be in transmission connection trapezoidal screw 9 by shaft coupling 13, described shaft coupling 13 is provided with key 14 with the junction of trapezoidal screw 8 and screw rod 18, prevent trapezoidal screw 9 and the too early wearing and tearing of screw rod 19, the two ends of described shaft coupling 13 are equipped with counter flange 11.
Described trapezoidal screw 9 is located in axle 8, is located in tailstock 7 in axle 8, and tailstock 7 is fixed with frame 1, and the right-hand member of described trapezoidal screw 9 is provided with trapezoidal nut 10, and the left end of trapezoidal screw 9 is provided with drill chuck 6, drill chuck 6 is connected with straight shank drill 5.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: the utility model is fixed by chuck 2 and shaft tray 3 pairs of shaft-like works 4, operated by digital control system control step motor, motor gear 18 is in transmission connection screw rod 19, to be in transmission connection trapezoidal screw 9 by shaft coupling 13, thus it is elastic to make screw rod prolong direction of principal axis, therefore can reaches the effect replacing barrel of tail stock handwheel, be provided with reduction box 15 simultaneously, carry out controllable adjustment to the speed of screw rod 19, promotion tailstock 7 moves left and right and can adjust suitable position.
Above the better embodiment of this patent is explained in detail, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that one skilled in the relevant art possesses, can also makes a variety of changes under the prerequisite not departing from this patent aim.

Claims (7)

1. an axis machining apparatus, comprises frame, it is characterized in that, frame upper left is provided with chuck, and the right side of chuck is provided with shaft tray, and the right side of shaft tray is provided with processing unit (plant); Described shaft tray comprises bracket base, bracket base is provided with the fairlead vertically extended, the slidable fit that leads in fairlead has studdle, the upper end of studdle is provided with the curved support plate for coordinating with the outer peripheral face of axle, studdle is installed with upper end for being pressed on fairlead in use and the adjusting nut be rotatably assorted with the upper end of fairlead, adjusting nut is provided with the turning handle for rotating adjusting nut perpendicular to Axis Extension; Described bracket base is provided with and makes it be in the pedestal adjusting device of level for adjusting base, described bracket base comprises support bar, pedestal adjusting device comprise be located at support bar one end for the draw-in groove of the rail plate clamping on lathe and be located at the support bar other end and make it keep the adjustment bolt of level for adjusting support bar height; Described processing unit (plant) comprises stepper motor and digital control system, connecting bolt, axle and tailstock, stepper motor is in transmission connection motor gear, motor gear is in transmission connection screw rod, screw rod is meshed with reduction gearing, and reduction gearing is located in reduction box, and screw rod connects trapezoidal screw by shaft coupling transmission, described trapezoidal screw is located in axle, be located in described tailstock in axle, the left end of trapezoidal screw is provided with drill chuck, and drill chuck connects straight shank drill.
2. axis machining apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the length of described fairlead is greater than the length of studdle to make, when studdle is moved downward to extreme lower position, can be fully retracted in fairlead.
3. axis machining apparatus according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described draw-in groove is the angle bar that two edge lengths do not wait.
4. axis machining apparatus according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the junction of described shaft coupling and trapezoidal screw and screw rod is provided with key.
5. the axis machining apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 4, it is characterized in that, the two ends of described shaft coupling are equipped with counter flange.
6. axis machining apparatus according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the right-hand member of described trapezoidal screw is provided with trapezoidal nut.
7. the axis machining apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 or 6, it is characterized in that, described tailstock is flexibly connected with frame.
CN201520425656.8U 2015-06-15 2015-06-15 A kind of axis machining apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN204700345U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520425656.8U CN204700345U (en) 2015-06-15 2015-06-15 A kind of axis machining apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520425656.8U CN204700345U (en) 2015-06-15 2015-06-15 A kind of axis machining apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204700345U true CN204700345U (en) 2015-10-14

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520425656.8U Expired - Fee Related CN204700345U (en) 2015-06-15 2015-06-15 A kind of axis machining apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204700345U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104907603A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-16 何小平 Shaft processing device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104907603A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-16 何小平 Shaft processing device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151014

Termination date: 20160615