CN104850070A - City internet of things air quality intelligent sensing and controlling system - Google Patents

City internet of things air quality intelligent sensing and controlling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104850070A
CN104850070A CN201410099782.9A CN201410099782A CN104850070A CN 104850070 A CN104850070 A CN 104850070A CN 201410099782 A CN201410099782 A CN 201410099782A CN 104850070 A CN104850070 A CN 104850070A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air quality
air
city
subsystem
data cube
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410099782.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张真
吴亚洲
谭崇刚
江健
袁在康
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NANJING INNOVATIVE CLOUD STORAGE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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NANJING INNOVATIVE CLOUD STORAGE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by NANJING INNOVATIVE CLOUD STORAGE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical NANJING INNOVATIVE CLOUD STORAGE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410099782.9A priority Critical patent/CN104850070A/en
Publication of CN104850070A publication Critical patent/CN104850070A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • G05B19/4185Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM] characterised by the network communication
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention discloses a city internet of things air quality intelligent sensing and controlling system, and belongs to the technical field of environment monitoring and purification. The system is composed of an air quality monitoring subsystem, an air purification controlling subsystem and a data cube cloud calculation server. The air quality monitoring subsystem and the air purification controlling subsystem are respectively in communication with the data cube cloud calculation server through a GPRS, 3G or 4G wireless network. The air quality monitoring subsystem is composed of a plurality of sensing modules and wireless communication modules. The air purification controlling subsystem is composed of a plurality of air purification devices distributed in all regions of a city and a main control device. The data cube cloud calculation server comprises a data receiving server, a data cube, a WEB server and a WEB interface and is used for collecting and gathering processing data and sending out control instructions. The whole system carries out communication through the wireless communication network and is capable of accurately monitoring the air quality of different regions and efficiently carrying out purification in time.

Description

City Internet of Things air quality Intellisense and control system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of city Internet of Things air quality Intellisense and control system, be specifically a kind of can accurately perception urban air pollution situation the city Internet of Things air quality Intellisense of purification in real time and control system in real time, belong to environmental monitoring and field of purification.
Background technology
Along with industry, the developing rapidly of building industry and transportation, a large amount of objectionable impuritiess is discharged in air, the frequent appearance of haze weather, air pollution has caused worldwide extensive concern, air-polluting is administered very urgent, it is not only related to the health of the public and the sustainable development in city, is even also related to the existence of national development strategy and the mankind.But, due to technology and cost reason, only have at present in domestic each big and medium-sized cities a small amount of air quality monitoring central site (end 2013 the end of the year about 35, Beijing, about 20, Shanghai, about 30, Guangzhou), the data of air quality monitoring are merely able to the integrated air quality from macroscopically reflecting city, cannot reflect the quality of regional area or specific region air quality, more can not carry out purification treatment timely and effectively in subregion from microcosmic.
On May 2nd, 2012, Chinese invention patent application CN102435711A discloses a kind of urban air-quality monitoring system based on ZigBee, it comprises GPRS module, monitor module, a ZigBee wireless communication module, monitor terminal, its monitor terminal is used for the process of air quality information, GPRS module is connected with monitor terminal, for reception and the transmission of wireless messages; Monitor module is used for the integration of wireless terminal information and coordination and sends to monitor terminal by GPRS.The present invention is by wireless terminal air quality monitoring function, wireless terminal reports air quality information by ZigBee technology to Surveillance center simultaneously, Surveillance center preserves and processes air quality information, ensures that air quality information can be delivered to Surveillance center in time and process.But it needs to realize sound cross network transmission by ZigBee-network and GPRS network, its complicated network structure, detect operating cost higher, data have certain time delay; Meanwhile, this system cannot purify timely and effectively to the air pollution detected.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is to overcome above-mentioned defect, provides a kind of and can detect each regional air quality in city in time and the city Internet of Things air quality Intellisense that can purify air pollution region targetedly and control system.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of city Internet of Things air quality Intellisense and control system, be made up of air quality monitoring subsystem and purification of air control subsystem, data cube cloud computing server, described air quality monitoring subsystem and purification of air control between subsystem and data cube cloud computing server by GPRS, 3G or 4G wireless communication;
Described air quality monitoring subsystem, forms by being distributed in several air quality monitoring equipments in each region, city, for obtaining loading of air pollutant information feed back in the zones of different of city to data cube cloud computing server; Described air quality monitoring equipment is made up of multiple air quality acquisition module and GPRS, 3G or 4G wireless communication module;
Described data cube cloud computing server, comprises data collection server, data cube, WEB server and WEB interface, for collecting aggregation process air quality monitoring data and sending steering order according to result;
Described air quality purification subsystem, forms by being distributed in several air cleaning units and main control equipment in each region, city, for purifying and improving air quality; ZigBee, 433M or Wifi wireless communication module is provided with in described air cleaning unit, for receiving and forward the instruction of main control equipment, described main control equipment comprises for receiving and the instruction of forwarding data cube cloud computing server, is communicated between described air cleaning unit with between main control equipment by ZigBee, 433M or Wifi network.
In city of the present invention Internet of Things air quality Intellisense and control system, several air cleaning units are laid on the light pole of urban road.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: (1), the present invention accurately can monitor the air quality of zones of different in city in time by the air quality monitoring equipment in several distribution city zoness of different, reduce monitor and feedback; Entering collecting the real-time multianalysis of air quality information of data processing and control system, and send cleaning system steering order according to result, whole system is all communicated by cordless communication network, can purify poluted region air efficiently in time; (2), by installing wireless communication module at each air cleaning unit, realizing steering order and forwarding step by step, effectively ensure the transmission of steering order real-time high-efficiency; (3), by air cleaning unit install on urban road light pole, improve homogeneity and the installation effectiveness of air cleaning unit distribution, reduce system installation cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is city of the present invention Internet of Things air quality Intellisense and control system overall schematic;
Fig. 2 is air quality monitoring subsystem schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is data cube cloud computing server system schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that purification of air controls subsystem schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, city of the present invention Internet of Things air quality Intellisense and control system, comprise: multiple air quality monitoring equipment be distributed in the regional of city, multiple air quality monitoring equipment is all connected with data processing and control system by GPRS cordless communication network; Multiple air cleaning unit be distributed in the regional of city, be connected with main control equipment by ZigBee cordless communication network, main control equipment is connected with data processing and control system by GPRS cordless communication network, receives the steering order of data processing and control system.
As shown in Figure 2, the air quality monitoring equipment that each areal distribution formula is laid in city, air quality monitoring equipment is made up of multiple air quality acquisition module and GPRS wireless communication module; In Real-Time Monitoring air, the data collected are transferred to data cube cloud computing server by GPRS network by the dust granules concentration such as PM2.5, PM10.
As shown in Figure 3, data processing and control system is made up of data collection server, data cube, WEB server and WEB interface, data collection server is connected by Internet and GPRS cordless communication network, data cube connection data reception server, WEB server connection data cube; The each regional air quality monitoring device air quality data received is transferred to data cube process and gathers preservation by data collection server, WEB server calling data cubic data by each regional air quality information after the analysis of WEB interface Graphics Processing, and makes startup/closedown zones of different air cleaning unit instruction according to each regional air pollution level.
As shown in Figure 4, cleaning system of the present invention comprises several and is distributed in air cleaning unit in each region, city and main control equipment composition.The steering order that main control equipment is sent by GPRS for receiving data processing and control system, and set up ZigBee cordless communication network as telegon, by ZigBee cordless communication network, control command is transmitted to neighbouring air cleaning unit, performs according to order after air cleaning unit receives order and open or shutoff operation.Each air cleaning unit being equipped with ZigBee wireless communication module, for receiving the steering order of main control equipment, and being transmitted to the air cleaning unit of next stage.
Consider all even easy for installation of air cleaning unit distribution, air cleaning unit is installed on the light pole in Nei Ge region, city.
In system work process, the air quality monitoring equipment in Nei Ge region, city is round-the-clock to carry out being transferred to data processing and control system Treatment Analysis by GPRS cordless communication network after collection gathers to all kinds of pollutant loads in air, when determine certain regional air pollutant reach setting the highest threshold values time, data processing and control system sends opens this regional air purification plant instruction, open command is sent to main control equipment by GPRS cordless communication network and is sent to neighbouring air cleaning unit by ZigBee cordless communication network again, air cleaning unit starts immediately after receiving instruction and carries out purification of air, open command is forwarded to next stage air cleaning unit simultaneously, while purification, air information is synchronously transferred to data processing and control system Treatment Analysis by the air quality monitoring equipment in this region, when this regional air pollutant reaches the minimum threshold values of setting, then send and close this regional air purification plant instruction, out code is sent to main control equipment by GPRS cordless communication network and is sent to neighbouring air cleaning unit by ZigBee cordless communication network again, air cleaning unit cuts out after receiving instruction immediately, out code is forwarded to next stage air cleaning unit simultaneously and performs.
In the present invention, air quality monitoring equipment, main control equipment also can be communicated with data processing and control system by 3G or 4G cordless communication network; Can be communicated by 433M or Wifi wireless network between main control equipment with air cleaning unit and between air cleaning unit with air cleaning unit.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, can also make some improvement under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, and these improvement also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a city Internet of Things air quality Intellisense and control system, it is characterized in that: be made up of air quality monitoring subsystem and purification of air control subsystem, data cube cloud computing server, described air quality monitoring subsystem and purification of air control between subsystem and data cube cloud computing server by GPRS, 3G or 4G wireless communication;
Described air quality monitoring subsystem, forms by being distributed in several air quality monitoring equipments in each region, city, for obtaining loading of air pollutant information feed back in the zones of different of city to data cube cloud computing server; Described air quality monitoring equipment is made up of multiple air quality acquisition module and GPRS, 3G or 4G wireless communication module;
Described data cube cloud computing server, comprises data collection server, data cube, WEB server and WEB interface, for collecting aggregation process air quality monitoring data and sending steering order according to result;
Described air quality purification subsystem, forms by being distributed in several air cleaning units and main control equipment in each region, city, for purifying and improving air quality; ZigBee, 433M or Wifi wireless communication module is provided with in described air cleaning unit, for receiving and forward the instruction of main control equipment, described main control equipment comprises for receiving and the instruction of forwarding data cube cloud computing server, is communicated between described air cleaning unit with between main control equipment by ZigBee, 433M or Wifi network.
2. city according to claim 1 Internet of Things air quality Intellisense and control system, is characterized in that: several air cleaning units described are laid on the light pole of urban road.
CN201410099782.9A 2014-03-18 2014-03-18 City internet of things air quality intelligent sensing and controlling system Pending CN104850070A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410099782.9A CN104850070A (en) 2014-03-18 2014-03-18 City internet of things air quality intelligent sensing and controlling system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104850070A true CN104850070A (en) 2015-08-19

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105823172A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-08-03 青岛海尔智能技术研发有限公司 Air purification method and system
CN105843141A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-08-10 山西省交通科学研究院 Intelligent control system and method for urban road gas purification
CN106559502A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-05 山姆帮你(天津)信息科技有限公司 A kind of PM2.5 monitorings and polluter alignment system based on city road network
CN107241388A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-10-10 摩瑞尔电器(昆山)有限公司 Method of environmental monitoring
CN107612958A (en) * 2017-07-14 2018-01-19 深圳市中天明消防科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent air detection method and system
CN108917051A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-11-30 王妃 Air cleaning system based on existing urban operating mechanism
GB2563199A (en) * 2017-05-11 2018-12-12 Rizzo Claudio Smart city air cleaning system
CN111094859A (en) * 2017-09-20 2020-05-01 夏普株式会社 Air cleaner and network system

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US20020078830A1 (en) * 1999-05-04 2002-06-27 Chi-Cheung Chung Air purifier
CN201936176U (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-08-17 河北长城传媒有限公司 Information acquisition and air purification all-in-one machine
CN102540989A (en) * 2010-12-18 2012-07-04 西安迅腾科技有限责任公司 Networking on-line monitoring system for urban air quality
CN102563817A (en) * 2010-12-18 2012-07-11 西安迅腾科技有限责任公司 Device capable of automatically measuring and intelligently controlling indoor air quality
CN103324161A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-25 广州摆渡船通讯科技有限公司 Air management system and management method thereof
CN203309760U (en) * 2012-09-06 2013-11-27 朱辰鑫 LED street lamp with air purifier
CN203376611U (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-01-01 宁波市镇海星科智能技术有限公司 Intelligent environmental monitoring system based on Zigbee network

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020078830A1 (en) * 1999-05-04 2002-06-27 Chi-Cheung Chung Air purifier
CN102540989A (en) * 2010-12-18 2012-07-04 西安迅腾科技有限责任公司 Networking on-line monitoring system for urban air quality
CN102563817A (en) * 2010-12-18 2012-07-11 西安迅腾科技有限责任公司 Device capable of automatically measuring and intelligently controlling indoor air quality
CN201936176U (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-08-17 河北长城传媒有限公司 Information acquisition and air purification all-in-one machine
CN203309760U (en) * 2012-09-06 2013-11-27 朱辰鑫 LED street lamp with air purifier
CN103324161A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-25 广州摆渡船通讯科技有限公司 Air management system and management method thereof
CN203376611U (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-01-01 宁波市镇海星科智能技术有限公司 Intelligent environmental monitoring system based on Zigbee network

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105823172A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-08-03 青岛海尔智能技术研发有限公司 Air purification method and system
CN105843141A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-08-10 山西省交通科学研究院 Intelligent control system and method for urban road gas purification
CN105843141B (en) * 2016-03-29 2018-07-20 山西省交通科学研究院 A kind of urban road air cleaning intelligent type control system and method
CN106559502A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-05 山姆帮你(天津)信息科技有限公司 A kind of PM2.5 monitorings and polluter alignment system based on city road network
GB2563199A (en) * 2017-05-11 2018-12-12 Rizzo Claudio Smart city air cleaning system
CN107241388A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-10-10 摩瑞尔电器(昆山)有限公司 Method of environmental monitoring
CN107612958A (en) * 2017-07-14 2018-01-19 深圳市中天明消防科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent air detection method and system
CN111094859A (en) * 2017-09-20 2020-05-01 夏普株式会社 Air cleaner and network system
CN108917051A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-11-30 王妃 Air cleaning system based on existing urban operating mechanism

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Application publication date: 20150819