CN104831664B - A kind of Street surface cleaning car and its Street surface cleaning method - Google Patents

A kind of Street surface cleaning car and its Street surface cleaning method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104831664B
CN104831664B CN201510179992.3A CN201510179992A CN104831664B CN 104831664 B CN104831664 B CN 104831664B CN 201510179992 A CN201510179992 A CN 201510179992A CN 104831664 B CN104831664 B CN 104831664B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sewage
water
gas
surface cleaning
guide
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CN201510179992.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104831664A (en
Inventor
李宏才
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Shandong Yuan Ling Science And Technology Ltd
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Shandong Yuan Ling Science And Technology Ltd
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Priority to CN201510179992.3A priority Critical patent/CN104831664B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/10Hydraulically loosening or dislodging undesirable matter; Raking or scraping apparatus ; Removing liquids or semi-liquids e.g., absorbing water, sliding-off mud
    • E01H1/101Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers
    • E01H1/103Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers in which the soiled loosening or washing liquid is removed, e.g. by suction

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of Street surface cleaning car and its Street surface cleaning method, a kind of Street surface cleaning car, including chassis, power set, water tank, cleaning device, along cleaning vehicle traffic direction, are provided with drying device on rear side of cleaning device.The muddy water that setting drying device can avoid the road surface after cleaning from being formed is splashed to the phenomenon on rear car car body in the case where wheel is rolled, while avoiding the sewage after cleaning in the winter time on road surface from freezing causes the phenomenon of potential safety hazard.

Description

A kind of Street surface cleaning car and its Street surface cleaning method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of Street surface cleaning, particularly a kind of Street surface cleaning car and its Street surface cleaning method.
Background technology
At present, atmosphere pollution is increasingly severe, and haze weather is also gradually increasing.Atmosphere pollution major pollutants are particles Thing, this particulate matter is gone back in addition to motor vehicle exhaust emission reason and dust on the roads has much relations.PM2.5, PM10 pollutant Diameter in micron order, be we naked eyes institute it is not detectable, the occasion that so tiny particles content can be produced be it is very limited amount of, i.e., It is sand and dust that loess plateau is blown afloat to make, and the cigarette ash of coal-burning boiler is all difficult to produce so small particulate matter.Our common foods It is usually 80 mesh with flour granularity, particle diameter is 187.5 microns;Cement is usually 325 mesh, and its particle diameter will also have 45 microns;Reach To 10 microns of granularities it is necessary to reaching more than 1000 mesh;2.5 microns of granularity is equivalent to 5000 mesh levels.And the dirt on road surface Soil and the high-speed frictions of vehicle wheels, are to produce one of major reason of a large amount of finely ground particles in air.Dust is at a high speed Wheel is rolled down repeatedly, and it is less and less that granularity can become, and throws in the presence of the wheel centrifugal force aerial, is existed with the wind Free diffusing in air, forms the Particulate Pollution of air.Being on the rise for this pollution is quick with number of locomotives in recent years Increase is consistent.The conventional cleaning vehicle in current urban sanitation has cleaning vehicle, sweeping machine, sweeper etc., and different road surfaces can Different types of vehicle is selected to complete cleaning.For urban road, these vehicles can not completely clean and be deposited on road surface Upper dust, asphalt surface is rough, and a large amount of dust are still deposited at tiny hollow.There is problems with existing cleaning vehicle: 1. common sweeping machine is only capable of for the larger rubbish of volume(Such as waste paper scrap)Collected, but for the collecting effect of dust It is not good, or even cause reentrainment of dust;2. existing cleaning vehicle is typically that sewage is discharged into road drainage passage, blowdown is not only easily caused Water channel is blocked, and then forms urban flood defence hidden danger, also results in secondary cleaning burden;3. just clean what the road surface finished was formed Muddy water can be splashed on the car body of rear car under the rolling of wheel, made troubles to car owner, and safety can be caused when in the winter time Hidden danger.
In order to solve the above problems, CN202247764U patents disclose a kind of pavement cleaning vehicle, and the vehicle is by soaking Unit, cleaning unit, cleaning unit and recovery unit composition, its recovery unit is to produce negative pressure by blower fan and be drawn onto sewage In dustbin, because vacuum is relatively low, suction inlet cross-sectional area big, cause suction small, sewage reclaims unclean, be also easy to produce road surface product Water;Another problem is that water tank upper strata is sewage, and lower floor is clear water, during operation, and a large amount of sludge can block screen pack, influence filtering Efficiency.CN203768851U patents disclose a kind of water-saving Street surface cleaning car, and the car focuses on groove, sewage by shower nozzle, sewage Lifter, sewage purification device, realize that the cleaning on road surface, sewage are reclaimed and sewage purification;Water of the recovery of sewage mainly by shower nozzle Column pressure, the upper inflow sewage gathered trough along slope, the problem of cleaning vehicle is present is that waste water collection rate is not high, and Street surface cleaning is not done Only.And cleaning vehicle disclosed in above-mentioned patent does not solve the sewage for cleaning the road surface remnants finished meeting under the rolling of wheel and flown The problem of splashing.Here it is the weak point present in prior art.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention, aiming at the deficiency present in prior art, and provide a kind of road surface Cleaning vehicle, the road surface after cleaning can be dried.
This programme is achieved by the following technical measures:A kind of Street surface cleaning car, including chassis, water tank, cleaning dress Put, along cleaning vehicle traffic direction, drying device is provided with rear side of cleaning device.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Above-mentioned drying device includes aqueous atomising device and water smoke guiding device, and And the drying device can be following structures:
(One)The drying device also includes gas-liquid separation device and aqueous retracting device, the aqueous atomising device and water The position of mist guiding device is adapted, the inlet communication of the water smoke guiding device and gas-liquid separation device, the gas-liquid separation The liquid outlet of device is connected with aqueous retracting device.Using the technical program, after the aqueous atomising device will be cleaned on road surface The sewage of residual is atomized to form gas-liquid mixed water smoke, and the aqueous atomising device is communicated with water smoke guiding device, and then the water Gas-liquid mixed water smoke is imported gas-liquid separation device by mist guiding device, and the aqueous retracting device is reclaimed from gas-liquid separation device The aqueous isolated, and then road surface is dried.
As preferred:Above-mentioned aqueous atomising device includes air compressor and the tuyere I connected with air compressor;Or Aqueous atomising device described in person includes air pump and the tuyere I connected with air pump.Using the technical program, using air compressor Or air pump produces gases at high pressure and sprayed from tuyere I, and then can be by sewage formation gas-liquid mixed water remaining on road surface Mist.
As preferred:Above-mentioned water smoke guiding device includes blower fan, the import of the blower fan and the outlet for reclaiming air duct, The import for reclaiming air duct is located at the side of tuyere I, the outlet of the blower fan and the inlet communication of gas-liquid separation device.Using The remaining sewage in road surface is atomized the gas-liquid mixed water smoke for forming high pressure in the presence of tuyere I after the technical program, cleaning, described Gas-liquid mixed water smoke is pumped into gas-liquid separation device by blower fan and carries out gas-liquid separation, and the blower fan is arranged on recovery air duct and gas-liquid Between separator, blower fan is preferable to the active force of gas-liquid mixed water smoke.
As preferred:Above-mentioned aqueous retracting device includes water pump, the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device by water pump with And the pipeline being connected with water pump is connected with water tank.Using the technical program, the structure of the aqueous retracting device has following three kinds: 1. described in aqueous retracting device include water pump, the import of the water pump connects with the liquid outlet of gas-liquid separation device, the water pump Outlet connected with water tank.2. described in aqueous retracting device include water pump, the import of the water pump and going out for gas-liquid separation device Liquid mouthful and recovery air duct connection, the outlet of the water pump are connected with water tank, and recovery tank, gas are provided with the recovery air duct During the recovered air duct of liquid mixing spray stream, part aqueous can be dropped in recovery tank.3. described in aqueous retracting device include water Pump, the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is connected with reclaiming air duct, and the import of the water pump is connected with reclaiming air duct, the water The outlet of pump is connected with water tank, and recovery tank is provided with the recovery air duct, during the recovered air duct of gas-liquid mixed spray stream, portion Point aqueous can be dropped in recovery tank.Using the technical program, the water pump will reclaim air duct and from gas-liquid separation device The aqueous separated is recycled in water tank, and water is reused.In addition, when the liquid outlet of gas-liquid separation device is higher than gas-liquid During the junction of separator and water tank, the aqueous retracting device includes pipeline, and the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device leads to Piping is directly connected with water tank.
As preferred:The gas outlet of above-mentioned gas-liquid separation device is communicated with the tuyere II with the location matches of tuyere I.Using this Technical scheme, the high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II assists blower fan that gas-liquid mixed water smoke is carried out in entering gas-liquid separation device Road surface can be further dried in gas-liquid separation, at the same time, the high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II.
(Two)Above-mentioned drying device also includes gas-liquid separation device and aqueous retracting device, the aqueous atomising device and gas The entrance location of liquid separating apparatus is adapted, and the gas outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is connected with water smoke guiding device, the gas The liquid outlet of liquid separating apparatus is connected with aqueous retracting device.Using the technical program, after the aqueous atomising device will be cleaned The sewage remained on road surface is atomized to form gas-liquid mixed water smoke, the import phase of the aqueous atomising device and gas-liquid separation device Logical, the gas outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is connected with water smoke guiding device, in the presence of water smoke guiding device, the aqueous The gas-liquid mixed water smoke that atomising device is produced enters gas-liquid separation device, and the aqueous retracting device is reclaimed from gas-liquid separation device In the aqueous isolated, and then road surface is dried.
As preferred:Above-mentioned aqueous atomising device includes air compressor and the tuyere I connected with air compressor;Or Aqueous atomising device described in person includes air pump and the tuyere I connected with air pump.Using the technical program, using air compressor Or air pump produces gases at high pressure and sprayed from tuyere I, and then can be by sewage formation gas-liquid mixed water remaining on road surface Mist.
As preferred:The import of above-mentioned gas-liquid separation device and the outlet for reclaiming air duct, the recovery air duct enter Mouth is located at the side of tuyere I.
As preferred:Above-mentioned water smoke guiding device includes blower fan, the import of the blower fan and the outlet of gas-liquid separation device Mouth connection.Using the technical program, after cleaning the remaining sewage in road surface be atomized in the presence of tuyere I formed high pressure gas-liquid it is mixed Heshui mist, the gas-liquid mixed water smoke is pumped into gas-liquid separation device by blower fan and carries out gas-liquid separation.
As preferred:The outlet of above-mentioned blower fan has the tuyere II with the location matches of tuyere I.Using the technical program, The high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II assists blower fan to cause gas-liquid mixed water smoke to carry out gas-liquid separation in entering gas-liquid separation device, At the same time, road surface can be further dried in the high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II.
As preferred:Above-mentioned aqueous retracting device includes water pump, the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device by water pump with Water tank is connected.Using the technical program, the structure of the aqueous retracting device has following three kinds:1. described in aqueous retracting device bag Water pump is included, the import of the water pump is connected with the liquid outlet of gas-liquid separation device, and the outlet of the water pump is connected with water tank.2. institute Stating aqueous retracting device includes water pump, and the import of the water pump is connected with the liquid outlet of gas-liquid separation device and recovery air duct, The outlet of the water pump is connected with water tank, and recovery tank, the recovered wind of gas-liquid mixed spray stream are provided with the recovery air duct During cylinder, part aqueous can be dropped in recovery tank.3. described in aqueous retracting device include water pump, the gas-liquid separation device Liquid outlet is connected with reclaiming air duct, and the import of the water pump is connected with reclaiming air duct, and the outlet of the water pump is connected with water tank, institute State and be provided with recovery tank on recovery air duct, during the recovered air duct of gas-liquid mixed spray stream, part aqueous can be dropped in recycle-water In groove.Using the technical program, the aqueous for reclaiming air duct and being separated from gas-liquid separation device is recycled to by the water pump In water tank, water is reused.
(Three)The position of above-mentioned aqueous atomising device and water smoke guiding device is adapted, the water smoke guiding device and water tank Connection.Using the technical program, the sewage remained on road surface after cleaning is atomized to form gas-liquid mixed by the aqueous atomising device Water smoke, the aqueous atomising device is communicated with the import of water smoke guiding device, in the presence of water smoke guiding device, the aqueous The gas-liquid mixed water smoke that atomising device is produced enters in water tank, and then road surface is dried.
As preferred:Above-mentioned aqueous atomising device includes air compressor and the tuyere I connected with air compressor;Or Aqueous atomising device described in person includes air pump and the tuyere I connected with air pump.Using the technical program, using air compressor Or air pump produces gases at high pressure and sprayed from tuyere I, and then can be by sewage formation gas-liquid mixed water remaining on road surface Mist.
As preferred:Above-mentioned water smoke guiding device includes blower fan, the import of the blower fan and the outlet for reclaiming air duct, The import for reclaiming air duct is located at the side of tuyere I, and the outlet of the blower fan is connected with water tank.Using the technical program, clearly Wash the remaining sewage in rear road surface and the gas-liquid mixed water smoke for forming high pressure, the gas-liquid mixed water smoke are atomized in the presence of tuyere I It is pumped into by blower fan in water tank.
As preferred:Above-mentioned water tank is connected with gas-liquid separation device, the import of the water tank and gas-liquid separation device and goes out Liquid mouthful connection.Using the technical program, the gas-liquid mixed water smoke in the entrance water tank, which enters in gas-liquid separation device, enters promoting the circulation of qi Liquid is separated.
As preferred:The gas outlet of above-mentioned gas-liquid separation device is communicated with the tuyere II with the location matches of tuyere I.Using this Technical scheme, the high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II assists blower fan that gas-liquid mixed water smoke is carried out in entering gas-liquid separation device Road surface can be further dried in gas-liquid separation, at the same time, the high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Block device I is provided with below above-mentioned drying device.Using this technology side Case, is provided with block device I below drying device, the gas-liquid mixed water smoke four that can prevent aqueous atomising device from producing Splash, while guiding function of the water smoke guiding device to gas-liquid mixed water smoke can be improved.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Above-mentioned block device I includes one group of discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit;The discrepancy in elevation regulation Unit includes following structure types:
(One)The discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll and the axis of guide, and the deflector roll is hinged with support, and the axis of guide is passed through Perforating branches frame simultaneously coordinates with bracket slide, is arranged with spring on the axis of guide, and the upper end of the axis of guide is fixed, lower end is set Have and be connected with water fender on the block with support assorted, the support.Using the technical program, the high dropout regulator includes one The non-interference discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit of group, can adapt to the road surface of local ruggedness;When evenness of road surface, the deflector roll and road Face contact, spring are in compressive state, when road surface is uprised, and deflector roll rises and by support compression spring, when road surface step-down When, spring drives downwards deflector roll in the presence of restoring force, it is ensured that deflector roll can be contacted with road surface all the time, be set on the support Water fender can be moved up and down with deflector roll, and the gas-liquid mixed water smoke that water fender can reduce after atomization sheds to outside, be reduced Sewage is lost in, and then improves Street surface cleaning effect, and the water fender is preferably tetrafluoro plate.
(Two)The discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll, the axis of guide and block, and the deflector roll is hinged with support, the guiding Spring is arranged with axle, the lower end of the axis of guide is fixedly connected with support, the axis of guide is slided through block and with block Coordinate, the block is fixed, and water fender is connected with the support.Using the technical program, during evenness of road surface, the deflector roll with Ground contact, spring are in compressive state, when road surface is uprised, and deflector roll rises and by support compression spring, when road surface step-down When, spring drives downwards deflector roll in the presence of restoring force, it is ensured that deflector roll can be contacted with road surface all the time, be set on the support Water fender can be moved up and down with deflector roll, and the gas-liquid mixed water smoke that water fender can reduce after atomization sheds to outside, be reduced Sewage is lost in, and then improves Street surface cleaning effect, and the water fender is preferably tetrafluoro plate.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Above-mentioned cleaning device includes at least one cleaning unit, the cleaning unit Acquisition means are scraped including the washer jet connected with water tank, the sewage driven by power set I and scrape packaging seated position with sewage Corresponding sewage collector, the sewage collector is fixedly connected with the water shutoff plate that acquisition means cooperation is scraped with sewage, the sewage Collector is connected with water tank, and the washer jet is arranged on the both sides that sewage scrapes acquisition means with sewage collector.Using this technology Scheme, the High-Pressure Water sprayed from washer jet is ejected on road surface at an angle, and product soil, the sludge on road surface are washed out Formation sewage current in water are distributed to, the sewage current splash and entered in the presence of sewage scrapes acquisition means along water shutoff plate In sewage collector.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Above-mentioned sewage scrapes acquisition means and scrapes collection wheel including sewage, and the sewage scrapes collection wheel On be provided with sewage and scrape collection piece, the water shutoff plate is scrapes the arc-shaped structure that acquisition means are matched with sewage.Using the technical program, The sewage scrapes collection wheel under the driving of power set I, and the sewage that sewage is scraped on collection wheel scrapes the water shutoff plate shape of collection piece and circular arc Into drainage flow passage, during the drainage flow to water shutoff plate upper end, sewage enters in sewage collector.
As preferred:Above-mentioned cleaning device includes three cleaning units, and three cleaning units are along cleaning vehicle traffic direction It is front and rear to arrange successively.Using the technical program, set three cleaning units can road pavement clean three times, improve the clear of road pavement Wash effect.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Block device II is provided with below above-mentioned cleaning device.Using this technology Scheme, sets block device II, the block device II can avoid being sprayed onto road surface from washer jet in the lower section of cleaning device On water flash, improve cleaning road surface after sewage the rate of recovery.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Above-mentioned block device II includes one group of discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit;The discrepancy in elevation is adjusted Saving unit includes following structure type:
(One)The discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll and the axis of guide, and the deflector roll is hinged with support, and the axis of guide is passed through Perforating branches frame simultaneously coordinates with bracket slide, is arranged with spring on the axis of guide, and the upper end of the axis of guide is fixed, lower end is set Have and be connected with water fender on the block with support assorted, the support.Using the technical program, the high dropout regulator includes one The non-interference discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit of group, can adapt to the road surface of local ruggedness;When evenness of road surface, the deflector roll and road Face contact, spring are in compressive state, when road surface is uprised, and deflector roll rises and by support compression spring, when road surface step-down When, spring drives downwards deflector roll in the presence of restoring force, it is ensured that deflector roll can be contacted with road surface all the time, be set on the support Water fender can be moved up and down with deflector roll, and water fender can reduce sewage loss, improve road surface cleaning effect, preferably, The water fender selects tetrafluoro plate.
(Two)The discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll, the axis of guide and block, and the deflector roll is hinged with support, the guiding Spring is arranged with axle, the lower end of the axis of guide is fixedly connected with support, the axis of guide is slided through block and with block Coordinate, the block is fixed, and water fender is connected with the support.Using the technical program, during evenness of road surface, the deflector roll with Ground contact, spring are in compressive state, when road surface is uprised, and deflector roll rises and by support compression spring, when road surface step-down When, spring drives downwards deflector roll in the presence of restoring force, it is ensured that deflector roll can be contacted with road surface all the time, be set on the support Water fender can be moved up and down with deflector roll, and water fender can reduce sewage loss, improve road surface cleaning effect, preferably, The water fender selects tetrafluoro plate.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Above-mentioned water tank includes filtered water tank and the sewage purification connected with filtered water tank dress Put, the effluent treatment plant includes at least one expansion chamber, the bottom of the expansion chamber is set on sewage draining exit, the expansion chamber Expansion chamber delivery port and expansion chamber water inlet are provided with, the expansion chamber water outlet is provided with screen pack.Using this technology side Case, the dirty impurities in water(It is mostly sandy soil), impurity sedimentation separation in expansion chamber, sewage obtains by the effect of screen pack Purification, impurity is being deposited to expansion chamber bottom, is passing through sewage draining exit blowdown.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Above-mentioned effluent treatment plant includes the N number of expansion chamber being sequentially communicated, wherein N> 1, the first expansion chamber delivery port is connected with the second expansion chamber water inlet, the second expansion chamber delivery port and the 3rd expansion chamber Water inlet is connected, the like, the N-1 expansion chambers delivery port is connected with N expansion chamber water inlets, the N expansion chambers Delivery port is connected with filtered water tank.Using the technical program, impurity is settled in expansion chamber, and sewage passes through the effect of screen pack, compared with Clear water flows into next stage, and the aperture of preferably screen pack is sequentially reduced, and sewage is purified step by step.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Along cleaning vehicle traffic direction, prewashing is provided with front of the cleaning device Device.Using the technical program, prewashing device is provided with front of the cleaning device, the native prewashing of product that can be in road pavement, Improve cleaning performance.
The technical characteristic of this programme also includes:Above-mentioned prewashing device includes prewashing nozzle and and the prewashing connected with water tank The sewage disposal brush of nozzle location matching, the sewage disposal brush is driven by power set II.Using the technical program, the spray connected with water tank A small amount of water is sprayed onto on road surface by mouth, and the product soil being deposited on road surface is soaked, then in the presence of sewage disposal brush, product soil Obtain loose.
As preferred:Above-mentioned prewashing device includes blocked sewage cover, and the sewage disposal brush is arranged on inside blocked sewage cover, the sewage disposal brush Be provided with two, and two sewage disposal brushs direction of rotation on the contrary, set blocked sewage cover that water and product soil during prewashing can be avoided to flash, Two oppositely oriented sewage disposal brushs are set, it is possible to increase prewashing effect.
A kind of Street surface cleaning method, comprises the following steps,
A. cleaned using cleaning device road pavement, and the sewage on cleaning device cleaning road surface is reclaimed, handled, Recycle;
B. after cleaning device road pavement is cleaned, it is dried, is done in road pavement using drying device road pavement While dry, the sewage remained on road surface is reclaimed, handled, recycled.Using above-mentioned Street surface cleaning method, it will clean The sewage on device cleaning road surface is reclaimed, handled, recycle being capable of using water wisely;Done using drying device road pavement It is dry, the sewage remained on road surface is reclaimed, the muddy water that the road surface after cleaning is formed can be avoided to roll lower fly in wheel The phenomenon on rear car car body is splashed, while the sewage that can be reduced after cleaning in the winter time on road surface freezes and causes potential safety hazard.
Beneficial effects of the present invention can be learnt from above-mentioned technical scheme:A kind of Street surface cleaning car, including chassis, water Case, cleaning device, along cleaning vehicle traffic direction, are provided with drying device on rear side of cleaning device.Set drying device can The muddy water for avoiding the road surface after cleaning from being formed is splashed to the phenomenon on rear car car body in the case where wheel is rolled, while can reduce in the winter Sewage after Ji Qingxi on road surface, which freezes, causes potential safety hazard.
As can be seen here, compared with prior art, with prominent substantive distinguishing features and significant progress, it is implemented the present invention Beneficial effect be also obvious.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the principle schematic diagram of the drying device of embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 A-A cross section structure diagrams(Block device I is eliminated in figure);
Fig. 4 is structural representation Fig. 1 of discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 side view topology view;
Fig. 6 is structural representation Fig. 2 of discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of cleaning device;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of water tank;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of prewashing device;
Figure 10 is the B-B cross section structure diagrams in Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of cistern water supply;
Figure 12 is the principle schematic diagram of the drying device of embodiment 2;
Figure 13 is the principle schematic diagram of the drying device of embodiment 3;
Figure 14 is the principle schematic diagram of the drying device of embodiment 4.
In figure:1- chassis, 2- prewashing devices, 3- cleaning devices, 4- drying devices, 5- effluent treatment plants, 6- filtered water tanks, 7- pumps, 8- links, 9- hydraulic cylinders, 10- adjustment cranes, 11- blocked sewage covers, 12- pipelines, 13- pipelines, 14- prewashing nozzles, 15- sewage disposal brushs, 16- sewage disposal brushs, 17- reductors, 18- motors, 19- bearing blocks, 20- protective covers, 21- sewage collecting tanks, 22- is dirty Water collector, 23- water shutoff plates, 24- block device II, 25- pipelines, 26- washer jets, 27- sewage scrapes collection wheel, and 28- sewage is scraped Collection piece, 29- sewage transports device I, 30- air compressors, 31- blower fans, 32- gas-liquid separators, 33- tuyeres I, 34- tuyeres II, 35- block device I, 36- air ducts, 37- reclaims air duct, and 38- pipelines, 39- reclaims air duct and exported, 40- immersible pumps, 41- pipelines, 42- the first expansion chamber water inlets, 43- sewage transports device II, the expansion chambers of 44- first, 45- screen packs, the expansion chambers of 46- second, 47- 3rd expansion chamber, 48- sewage draining exits, 49- spiral excretion machines, 50- reductors, 51- motors, 52- valves, 53- water supplement ports, 54- is led Roller, 55- supports, the 56- axis of guides, 57- springs, 58- blocks, 59- blocks, 60- water fenders, 61- pipelines.
Embodiment
For the technical characterstic for illustrating this programme can be understood, below by embodiment, and its accompanying drawing is combined, to we Case is illustrated.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figs. 1-11, a kind of Street surface cleaning car, including chassis 1, water tank, cleaning device 3, along cleaning vehicle operation side To being provided with drying device 4 in the rear side of cleaning device 3, prewashing device 2, the water tank be provided with the front of cleaning device 3 Water supplement port 53 is provided with the effluent treatment plant 5 connected including filtered water tank 6 and with filtered water tank 6, the filtered water tank 6.This is clear Carwash is also surrounded by control system and dynamical system, and the dynamical system provides power for this cleaning vehicle, and control system control is originally clear Each action of carwash, control system and dynamical system are not related to the inventive point of this cleaning vehicle, will not be repeated here.
Prewashing device
Road surface is rough, and product soil to be stored at calixconcavity, is directly rinsed with water, effect is not ideal, first passes through prewashing dress Wetting is put, and make it that product soil is loose, it is just favourable to rinse.
In the present embodiment, the prewashing device includes the prewashing nozzle 14 and sewage disposal brush 15 and 1 connected with filtered water tank 6 Sewage disposal brush 6, the sewage disposal brush 15 and sewage disposal brush 16 it is oppositely oriented, the sewage disposal brush 15 and 16 is driven by power set II, institute State sewage disposal brush 15 and sewage disposal brush 16 is arranged on inside blocked sewage cover 11, the power set II can be motor 18, the motor 18 leads to Reductor 17 is crossed to be connected with sewage disposal brush 15 and sewage disposal brush 16.The water that prewashing nozzle 14 sprays soaks road surface, the product soil at calixconcavity Become loose in the presence of sewage disposal brush 15 and sewage disposal brush 16, created conditions for cleaning, blocked sewage cover 11 is set, prewashing process is prevented Reclaimed water and dust splash.
Cleaning device
Cleaning device 3 mainly rinses road surface, and reclaims sewage.The flushing on road surface can be achieved current existing cleaning vehicle more, But being washed into sewage in sewer or greenbelt, it is relatively low that rate is cleaned on road surface more.
In the present embodiment, the cleaning device 3 includes three cleaning units, and three cleaning units are run along cleaning vehicle Arranged successively before and after direction, the cleaning unit includes protective cover 20 and the washer jet 26 connected with filtered water tank 6, described anti- It is provided with shield 20 and drives I sewage to scrape acquisition means and scrape the corresponding sewage of packaging seated position with sewage by power set to gather Storage 22, the sewage collector 22 is fixedly connected with the water shutoff plate 25 that acquisition means cooperation is scraped with sewage, the sewage collector 22 connect with effluent treatment plant 5, and the washer jet 26 is arranged on the both sides that sewage scrapes acquisition means with sewage collector 22, institute Stating the installation number of washer jet 26 can determine according to once cleaning width of roadway;Sewage is provided with the sewage collector 22 Conveyer I 29, the sewage collector 22 is connected with sewage collecting tank 21, and the sewage collecting tank 21 passes through sewage transport device II 43 connect with effluent treatment plant 5, and the sewage transport device I 29 and sewage transport device II 43 are to be twisted by motor-driven conveying Dragon;The sewage scrapes acquisition means and scrapes collection wheel 27 including sewage, and the sewage, which is scraped to be provided with sewage on collection wheel 27 and scrape, collects piece 28, described Power set I are motor(Not shown in figure), the water shutoff plate 25 is to scrape the arc-shaped structure that acquisition means are matched with sewage;It is described Sewage scrape collection wheel 27 under the driving of motor drive sewage scrape collection piece 28 rotate so that sewage scrape collection piece 28 formed with water shutoff plate 25 Drainage flow passage, during the drainage flow to water shutoff 25 upper end of plate, sewage enters in sewage collector.
The lower section of the cleaning device 3 is provided with block device II 24, and the block device II 24 can be avoided from cleaning The water that nozzle 26 is sprayed onto on road surface flashes, and improves the rate of recovery of sewage behind cleaning road surface.
The block device II 24 includes one group of discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit Including deflector roll 54 and the axis of guide 56, the deflector roll 54 is hinged with support 55, the axis of guide 56 through support 55 and with support 55 It is slidably matched, spring 57 is arranged with the axis of guide 56, the upper end of the axis of guide 56 is consolidated by block 58 and water shutoff plate 25 Fixed connection, lower end are provided with the water fender 60 that arc is connected with the block 59 coordinated with support 55, the support 55.The envelope Blocking means II include one group of non-interference discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit, can adapt to the road surface of local ruggedness;Work as evenness of road surface When, the deflector roll 54 is contacted with road surface, spring 57 is in compressive state, and when road surface is uprised, deflector roll 54 rises and by support 55 compression springs, when road surface step-down, spring 57 drives downwards deflector roll 54 in the presence of restoring force, it is ensured that deflector roll 54 all the time can Contacted with road surface, the water fender 60 set on the support 55 can be moved up and down with deflector roll 54, and water fender 60 can be reduced Sewage is lost in, and improves road surface cleaning effect, preferably, the water fender 60 selects tetrafluoro plate.
As shown in fig. 6, the discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll 54, the axis of guide 56 and block 58, the deflector roll 54 is hinged Have and be arranged with spring 57 on support 55, the axis of guide 56, the lower end of the axis of guide 56 is fixedly connected with support 55, described to lead It is slidably matched to axle 56 through block 58 and with block 58, the block 58 is fixedly connected with water shutoff plate 25, on the support 55 It is connected with water fender 60.Using the technical program, during evenness of road surface, the deflector roll 54 is contacted with ground, spring 57 is in compression State, when road surface is uprised, deflector roll 54 rises and by the compression spring 57 of support 55, when road surface step-down, and spring 57 is being replied Deflector roll 54 is driven in the presence of power downwards, it is ensured that deflector roll 54 can be contacted with road surface all the time, the water fender set on the support 55 60 can move up and down with deflector roll 54, and water fender 60 can reduce sewage loss, improve road surface cleaning effect, preferably, The water fender 60 selects tetrafluoro plate.
Drying device
Road surface remains a small amount of sewage after over cleaning, still, and these sewage had not only influenceed road surface to clean but also the shadow that can freeze in the winter time Traffic safety is rung, further cleaning, dry pavement are very necessary.
In the present embodiment, the drying device include aqueous atomising device, water smoke guiding device, gas-liquid separation device and Aqueous retracting device;The aqueous atomising device includes air compressor 30 and the tuyere I 33 being connected with air compressor 30; The gas-liquid separation device includes gas-liquid separator 32;The water smoke guiding device includes blower fan 31, the gas-liquid separator 32 Outlet of the import with reclaiming air duct 37, the import of the recovery air duct 37 is located at the side of tuyere I 33, the blower fan 31 Import connected with the gas outlet of gas-liquid separator 32, the outlet of the blower fan 31 is connected with air duct 36, and the air duct 36 is connected There is tuyere II 34 corresponding with the position of tuyere I 33.
The aqueous retracting device includes water pump, and the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separator 32 passes through pipeline 38 and recovery air duct 37 connections, the water pump is immersible pump 40, and the import of the immersible pump 40 is arranged on the recovery bottom of gullet reclaimed on air duct 37, The outlet of the immersible pump 40 is connected by pipeline 41 with effluent treatment plant 5.
The lower section of the drying device 4 is provided with block device I 35, and block device I 35 can prevent aqueous atomising device The gas-liquid mixed water smoke of generation flashes, while guiding function of the water smoke guiding device to gas-liquid mixed water smoke can be improved.
The block device I 35 includes one group of discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit bag Deflector roll 54 and the axis of guide 56 are included, the deflector roll 54 is hinged with support 55, and the axis of guide 56 is slided through support 55 and with support 55 It is dynamic to coordinate, be arranged with spring 57 on the axis of guide 56, the upper end of the axis of guide 56 by block 58 with reclaim air duct 37 and Air duct 36 is fixedly connected, lower end is provided with the block 59 coordinated with support 55, the support 55 and is connected with water fender 60.It is described Block device I 35 includes one group of non-interference discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit, can adapt to the road surface of local ruggedness;When road surface is flat When whole, the deflector roll 54 is contacted with road surface, spring 57 is in compressive state, when road surface is uprised, and deflector roll 54 rises and by branch The compression spring 57 of frame 55, when road surface step-down, spring 57 drives downwards deflector roll 54 in the presence of restoring force, it is ensured that deflector roll 54 begins It can be contacted eventually with road surface, water fender 60 is provided with the support 55 to be moved up and down with deflector roll 54, and water fender 60 can Reduce the gas-liquid mixed water smoke after atomization to shed to outside, reduce sewage and be lost in, and then improve Street surface cleaning effect, the dash Plate 60 is preferably tetrafluoro plate.
As shown in fig. 6, the discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll 54, the axis of guide 56 and block 58, the deflector roll 54 is hinged Have and be arranged with spring 57 on support 55, the axis of guide 56, the lower end of the axis of guide 56 is fixedly connected with support 55, described to lead It is slidably matched to axle 56 through block 58 and with block 58, the block 58 is fixedly connected with air duct 36 and recovery air duct 37, institute State and water fender 60 is connected with support 55.Using the technical program, during evenness of road surface, the deflector roll 54 is contacted with ground, spring 57 are in compressive state, and when road surface is uprised, deflector roll 54 rises and by the compression spring 57 of support 55, when road surface step-down, bullet Spring 57 drives downwards deflector roll 54 in the presence of restoring force, it is ensured that deflector roll 54 can be contacted with road surface all the time, be set on the support 55 The water fender 60 put can be moved up and down with deflector roll 54, and water fender 60 can reduce sewage loss, improve road surface cleaning effect, Preferably, the water fender 60 selects tetrafluoro plate.
In the present embodiment, this drying device reclaims the side that sewage is dried by the way of gas shock combination negative pressure Remaining sewage after formula, cleaning on road surface leaves ground, atomization under the impact of the high velocity air sprayed from tuyere I 33 and forms high The gas-liquid mixed water smoke of pressure, blower fan 31 forms low-pressure area from pumping in air duct 37 is reclaimed, and is isolated from gas-liquid separation device Gas produces high velocity air through the pressurization of blower fan 31 and sprayed in tuyere II 34, and under the synergy of high velocity air, gas-liquid is mixed Heshui mist, which enters in gas-liquid separation device, carries out gas-liquid separation.Thus high-low pressure circulating air is produced using the suction effect of blower fan 31 Stream, is recycled the remaining sewage in road surface, road surface is able to drying.
Effluent treatment plant
Set up that effluent treatment plant is very necessary, one is the recycling for realizing water, using water wisely;Two be to increase once to make Industry amount, by the recycling of water, can make one-stop operation amount improve more than 10 times.Solids in sewage is mainly sandy soil, by Smaller in granularity, it is totally very difficult for filtering in a short time.
And in the present embodiment, the effluent treatment plant 5 includes three expansion chambers, respectively the first expansion chamber 44, the Two expansion chambers 46 and the 3rd expansion chamber 47.The bottom of first expansion chamber 44, the second expansion chamber 46 and the 3rd expansion chamber 47 is equal Set and be provided with delivery port on sewage draining exit 48, first expansion chamber 44, the second expansion chamber 46 and the 3rd expansion chamber 47 and enter The mouth of a river, the first expansion chamber delivery port, the second expansion chamber delivery port and the 3rd expansion chamber water outlet are provided with screen pack 45, the sewage collecting tank 21 is connected by sewage transport device II 43 with the first expansion chamber water inlet 42, first expansion chamber Delivery port is connected with the second expansion chamber water inlet, and the second expansion chamber delivery port is connected with the 3rd expansion chamber water inlet, described 3rd expansion chamber delivery port is connected with filtered water tank 6.
The effluent treatment plant uses the filter type of bottom in and top out, is conducive to solids to settle, and is easy to separation, prevents Solids blocks screen pack 45, clear water is smoothly entered next stage;Using three-stage filtration, the filtering material aperture per one-level is not It is identical, descending arrangement.The bottom of filtered water tank 6 is provided with delivery port, the delivery port is connected with pump 7;Set in filtered water tank 6 There is digital display liquid-level gauge, to indicate surplus water.The bottom of first expansion chamber 44, the second expansion chamber 46 and the 3rd expansion chamber 47 is set There is sewage draining exit 48, because sludge quantity is larger, some are difficult for direct blowdown, therefore spiral excretion machine can be installed at sewage draining exit 48 49。
The prewashing device 2, cleaning device 3 and drying device 4 can be fixedly connected with chassis 1, or the prewashing device 2nd, cleaning device 3 and drying device 4 are connected by elevating mechanism with chassis 1;The filtered water tank 6 and effluent treatment plant 5 are fixed On chassis 1, the drying device 4 also can be fixedly connected with filtered water tank 6 or be connected by elevating mechanism with filtered water tank 6.
Cleaning vehicle is under no clean state, and elevating mechanism is lifted whole prewashing device by blocked sewage cover 11, in cleaning shape Under state, elevating mechanism is fallen whole prewashing device by blocked sewage cover 11 so that sewage disposal brush 15 and sewage disposal brush 16 are contacted with road surface.
Similarly, cleaning vehicle is under no clean state, and elevating mechanism lifts cleaning device 3 and drying device 4, in cleaning shape Under state, elevating mechanism falls cleaning device 3 and drying device 4 so that deflector roll 54 is contacted with ground, and causes on the axis of guide 56 Spring 57 be in compressive state.
The course of work of this Street surface cleaning car is as follows:Drive prewashing device 2 so that the He of sewage disposal brush 15 in prewashing device 2 Sewage disposal brush 16 is contacted with road surface;Drive cleaning device 3 and drying device 4 so that deflector roll 54 and drying device in cleaning device 3 Deflector roll 54 in 4 is contacted with road surface, and causes the spring 57 on the axis of guide 56 to be in compressive state, by pump 7 by filtered water tank 6 Water squeeze into prewashing nozzle 14 and washer jet 26, prewashing device 2 is by prewashing nozzle 14, sewage disposal brush 15 and sewage disposal brush 16 by road Product soil on face is soaked, loosely, and cleaning device 3 scrapes acquisition means by washer jet 26 and sewage and cleans road surface product soil, and passes through Sewage is recycled to sewage purification dress by sewage collector 22, sewage collecting tank 21, sewage transport device I 29 and sewage transport device II 43 Put in 5, after settling and filter by the three-level of effluent treatment plant 5, clear water flows into filtered water tank 6, will finally by drying device 4 Road surface is dried, and the sewage that road surface after cleaning is remained is recycled in effluent treatment plant 5.
This Street surface cleaning car has advantages below:
1. prewashing device 2, cleaning device 3 and drying device 4 are set, it is possible to increase the clean rate on road surface;
2. cleaning process will not airborne dust;
3. water for cleaning is recycled, using water wisely, one-stop operation amount is big;
4. road surface is dried after cleaning, winter driving safety is not interfered with.
A kind of Street surface cleaning method, comprises the following steps,
A. cleaned using the road pavement of cleaning device 3, and the sewage that cleaning device 3 is cleaned into road surface is reclaimed, located Reason, recycling;
B. after the road pavement of cleaning device 3 is cleaned, it is dried, is carried out in road pavement using the road pavement of drying device 4 While drying, the sewage remained on road surface is reclaimed, handled, recycled., will be clear using above-mentioned Street surface cleaning method The sewage on the cleaning of cleaning device 3 road surface is reclaimed, handled, recycle being capable of using water wisely;Carried out using the road pavement of drying device 4 Dry, the sewage remained on road surface is reclaimed, the muddy water that the road surface after cleaning is formed can be avoided in the case where wheel is rolled The phenomenon on rear car car body is splashed to, while the sewage that can be reduced after cleaning in the winter time on road surface freezes and causes potential safety hazard.
Embodiment 2
In the present embodiment, the position of the aqueous atomising device and water smoke guiding device is adapted, the water smoke water conservancy diversion The inlet communication of device and gas-liquid separation device, in the presence of water smoke guiding device, the gas that the aqueous atomising device is produced Liquid mixing water smoke enters gas-liquid separation device, and the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is connected with aqueous retracting device.
As shown in figure 12, the aqueous atomising device includes air compressor 30 and the wind connected with air compressor 30 Mouth I 33, the water smoke guiding device includes blower fan 31, the import of the blower fan 31 and the outlet for reclaiming air duct 37, described The import for reclaiming air duct 37 is located at the side of tuyere I 33, the outlet of the blower fan 31 and the inlet communication of gas-liquid separator 32, institute The gas outlet for stating gas-liquid separator 32 is communicated with tuyere II 34 with the location matches of tuyere I 33.
The blower fan 31 is arranged between recovery air duct 37 and gas-liquid separator 32, and the remaining sewage in road surface is in wind after cleaning Atomization forms the gas-liquid mixed water smoke of high pressure in the presence of mouth I 33, and the gas-liquid mixed water smoke is pumped into gas-liquid separation by blower fan 31 Gas-liquid separation is carried out in device 32.The high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II 34 assists blower fan 31 to cause gas-liquid mixed water smoke to enter gas-liquid Gas-liquid separation is carried out in separator 32, at the same time, road surface can be further dried in the high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II 34.
Embodiment 3
Such as Figure 13, the aqueous atomising device includes air compressor 30 and the tuyere I connected with air compressor 30 33, the water smoke guiding device includes blower fan 31, the import of the blower fan 31 and the outlet for reclaiming air duct 37, the recovery The import of air duct 37 is located at the side of tuyere I 33, and the import of the effluent treatment plant 5 in the outlet and water tank of the blower fan 31 connects It is logical, gas outlet and the inlet communication of gas-liquid separator 32 on the effluent treatment plant 5, the outlet of the gas-liquid separator 32 Mouth is communicated with the tuyere II 34 with the location matches of tuyere I 33, and the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separator 32 passes through pipeline 38 and recovery Air duct 37 is connected, and the aqueous retracting device includes immersible pump 40, and the immersible pump 40 is arranged on recovery air duct 37 bottom, described The aqueous reclaimed in air duct 37 is recycled in effluent treatment plant 5 by immersible pump 40 by pipeline 41.
Using the technical program, the remaining sewage in road surface is atomized the gas for forming high pressure in the presence of tuyere I 33 after cleaning Liquid mixing water smoke, the gas-liquid mixed water smoke is pumped into water tank in effluent treatment plant 5 by blower fan 31, the gas-liquid mixed water smoke In part water droplet can drop in effluent treatment plant 5, remaining gas-liquid mixed water smoke enter gas-liquid separator 32 in enters Gas-liquid separation, the liquid isolated is entered by pipeline 41 to be reclaimed in air duct 37, and then immersible pump 40 will be reclaimed by pipeline 41 Aqueous in air duct 37 is recycled in effluent treatment plant 5.The high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II 34 assists blower fan 31 to make to bring about the desired sensation Liquid mixing water smoke enters effluent treatment plant 5, at the same time, and road can be further dried in the high velocity air sprayed from tuyere II 34 Face.
Embodiment 4
The aqueous atomising device includes air compressor 30 and the tuyere I 33 connected with air compressor 30, described Water smoke guiding device includes blower fan 31, the import of the blower fan 31 and the outlet for reclaiming air duct 37, the recovery air duct 37 Import be located at tuyere I 33 side, the inlet communication of effluent treatment plant 5, described in the outlet of the blower fan 31 and water tank Gas outlet and the inlet communication of gas-liquid separator 32 on effluent treatment plant 5, the gas outlet connection of the gas-liquid separator 32 There is the tuyere II 34 with the location matches of tuyere I 33, the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separator 32 is filled by pipeline 61 and sewage purification Put 5 connections.
The technical characteristic without description can be realized by or using prior art in the present invention, will not be repeated here, when So, described above is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, the common skill of this area The variations, modifications, additions or substitutions that art personnel are made in the essential scope of the present invention, should also belong to the protection model of the present invention Enclose.

Claims (37)

1. a kind of Street surface cleaning car, including chassis, water tank, cleaning device, it is characterized in that:Along cleaning vehicle traffic direction, in cleaning Drying device is provided with rear side of device, the drying device includes aqueous atomising device, water smoke guiding device and gas-liquid separation Device, the position of the aqueous atomising device and water smoke guiding device is adapted, and the water smoke guiding device is filled with gas-liquid separation The inlet communication put.
2. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The drying device also includes aqueous retracting device, The liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is connected with aqueous retracting device;Remained after the aqueous atomising device will be cleaned on road surface Sewage be atomized to form gas-liquid mixed water smoke, the water smoke guiding device by gas-liquid mixed water smoke import gas-liquid separation device, institute State aqueous retracting device and reclaim the aqueous isolated from gas-liquid separation device.
3. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:The aqueous atomising device include air compressor with And the tuyere I connected with air compressor;Or the aqueous atomising device includes air pump and the tuyere I connected with air pump.
4. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:The water smoke guiding device includes blower fan, the wind The import of machine and the outlet for reclaiming air duct, the import of the recovery air duct are located at the side of tuyere I, the outlet of the blower fan With the inlet communication of gas-liquid separation device.
5. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 4, it is characterized in that:The aqueous retracting device includes water pump, the gas The pipeline that the liquid outlet of liquid separating apparatus is connected by water pump and with water pump is connected with water tank;
Or the aqueous retracting device includes pipeline, the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is directly connected by pipeline with water tank It is logical.
6. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:The aqueous atomising device and water smoke guiding device Position is adapted, and the water smoke guiding device is connected with water tank.
7. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 6, it is characterized in that:The aqueous atomising device include air compressor with And the tuyere I connected with air compressor;Or the aqueous atomising device includes air pump and the tuyere I connected with air pump.
8. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 7, it is characterized in that:The water smoke guiding device includes blower fan, the wind The import of machine and the outlet for reclaiming air duct, the import of the recovery air duct are located at the side of tuyere I, the outlet of the blower fan Connected with water tank.
9. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 8, it is characterized in that:The water tank is connected with gas-liquid separation device, described Import and liquid outlet of the water tank with gas-liquid separation device are connected.
10. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 9, it is characterized in that:The gas outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is communicated with With the tuyere II of the location matches of tuyere I.
11. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10, it is characterized in that:Institute State and block device I is provided with below drying device.
12. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 11, it is characterized in that:The block device I includes one group of discrepancy in elevation regulation Unit;
The discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll and the axis of guide, and the deflector roll is hinged with support, the axis of guide through support, simultaneously Coordinate with bracket slide, be arranged with spring on the axis of guide, the upper end of the axis of guide is fixed, lower end is provided with and matched somebody with somebody with support Water fender is connected with the block of conjunction, the support;
Or the discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll, the axis of guide and block, the deflector roll is hinged with support, the axis of guide Spring is arranged with, the lower end of the axis of guide is fixedly connected with support, the axis of guide is slidably matched through block and with block, The block is fixed, and water fender is connected with the support.
13. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10, it is characterized in that:Institute Cleaning device is stated including at least one cleaning unit, washer jet that the cleaning unit includes connecting with water tank, is filled by power The sewage for putting I driving scrapes acquisition means and scrapes the corresponding sewage collector of packaging seated position with sewage, and the sewage collector is consolidated Surely the water shutoff plate that acquisition means cooperation is scraped with sewage is connected with, the sewage collector is connected with water tank, the washer jet and dirt Water collector is arranged on the both sides that sewage scrapes acquisition means.
14. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 13, it is characterized in that:The sewage scrapes acquisition means and scrapes collection including sewage Wheel, the sewage, which is scraped, to be provided with sewage on collection wheel and scrapes collection piece, and the water shutoff plate is scrapes the circular arc knot that acquisition means are matched with sewage Structure.
15. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 14, it is characterized in that:Block dress is provided with below the cleaning device Put II.
16. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 15, it is characterized in that:The block device II includes one group of discrepancy in elevation regulation Unit;
The discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll and the axis of guide, and the deflector roll is hinged with support, the axis of guide through support, simultaneously Coordinate with bracket slide, be arranged with spring on the axis of guide, the upper end of the axis of guide is fixed, lower end is provided with and matched somebody with somebody with support Water fender is connected with the block of conjunction, the support;
Or the discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll, the axis of guide and block, the deflector roll is hinged with support, the axis of guide Spring is arranged with, the lower end of the axis of guide is fixedly connected with support, the axis of guide is slidably matched through block and with block, The block is fixed, and water fender is connected with the support.
17. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10, it is characterized in that:Institute Stating water tank includes filtered water tank and the effluent treatment plant connected with filtered water tank, and the effluent treatment plant is heavy including at least one Room drops, and the bottom of the expansion chamber is set is provided with expansion chamber delivery port and expansion chamber water inlet on sewage draining exit, the expansion chamber, The expansion chamber water outlet is provided with screen pack.
18. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 17, it is characterized in that:The effluent treatment plant includes what is be sequentially communicated N number of expansion chamber, wherein N>1, the first expansion chamber delivery port is connected with the second expansion chamber water inlet, and second expansion chamber goes out The mouth of a river is connected with the 3rd expansion chamber water inlet, the like, the N-1 expansion chambers delivery port and N expansion chambers water inlet connect Logical, the N expansion chamber delivery ports are connected with filtered water tank.
19. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 18, it is characterized in that:Edge Prewashing device is provided with front of cleaning vehicle traffic direction, the cleaning device.
20. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 19, it is characterized in that:The prewashing device is pre- including what is connected with water tank Nozzle and the sewage disposal brush matched with prewashing nozzle location are washed, the sewage disposal brush is driven by power set II.
21. a kind of Street surface cleaning car, including chassis, water tank, cleaning device, it is characterized in that:Along cleaning vehicle traffic direction, in cleaning Drying device is provided with rear side of device, the drying device includes aqueous atomising device, water smoke guiding device, gas-liquid separation dress Put and be adapted with aqueous retracting device, the entrance location of the aqueous atomising device and gas-liquid separation device, the gas-liquid separation The gas outlet of device is connected with water smoke guiding device, and the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is connected with aqueous retracting device.
22. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 21, it is characterized in that:The aqueous atomising device includes air compressor And the tuyere I connected with air compressor;Or the aqueous atomising device includes air pump and the tuyere connected with air pump Ⅰ。
23. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 22, it is characterized in that:The import of the gas-liquid separation device is with reclaiming wind The outlet of cylinder, the import of the recovery air duct is located at the side of tuyere I.
24. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 23, it is characterized in that:The water smoke guiding device includes blower fan, described The import of blower fan is connected with the gas outlet of gas-liquid separation device.
25. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 24, it is characterized in that:The outlet of the blower fan has and tuyere I Put the tuyere II of matching.
26. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 21 or 22 or 23 or 24 or 25, it is characterized in that:The aqueous reclaims dress Put including water pump, the pipeline that the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is connected by water pump and with water pump is connected with water tank;
Or the aqueous retracting device includes pipeline, the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separation device is directly connected by pipeline with water tank It is logical.
27. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 21 or 22 or 23 or 24 or 25, it is characterized in that:The drying device Lower section is provided with block device I.
28. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 27, it is characterized in that:The block device I includes one group of discrepancy in elevation regulation Unit;
The discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll and the axis of guide, and the deflector roll is hinged with support, the axis of guide through support, simultaneously Coordinate with bracket slide, be arranged with spring on the axis of guide, the upper end of the axis of guide is fixed, lower end is provided with and matched somebody with somebody with support Water fender is connected with the block of conjunction, the support;
Or the discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll, the axis of guide and block, the deflector roll is hinged with support, the axis of guide Spring is arranged with, the lower end of the axis of guide is fixedly connected with support, the axis of guide is slidably matched through block and with block, The block is fixed, and water fender is connected with the support.
29. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 21 or 22 or 23 or 24 or 25, it is characterized in that:The cleaning device bag At least one cleaning unit is included, the cleaning unit includes the washer jet connected with water tank, the sewage driven by power set I Scrape acquisition means and scrape the corresponding sewage collector of packaging seated position with sewage, the sewage collector is fixedly connected with and sewage The water shutoff plate of acquisition means cooperation is scraped, the sewage collector is connected with water tank, and the washer jet is arranged on sewage collector Sewage scrapes the both sides of acquisition means.
30. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 29, it is characterized in that:The sewage scrapes acquisition means and scrapes collection including sewage Wheel, the sewage, which is scraped, to be provided with sewage on collection wheel and scrapes collection piece, and the water shutoff plate is scrapes the circular arc knot that acquisition means are matched with sewage Structure.
31. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 30, it is characterized in that:Block dress is provided with below the cleaning device Put II.
32. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 31, it is characterized in that:The block device II includes one group of discrepancy in elevation regulation Unit;
The discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll and the axis of guide, and the deflector roll is hinged with support, the axis of guide through support, simultaneously Coordinate with bracket slide, be arranged with spring on the axis of guide, the upper end of the axis of guide is fixed, lower end is provided with and matched somebody with somebody with support Water fender is connected with the block of conjunction, the support;
Or the discrepancy in elevation adjustment unit includes deflector roll, the axis of guide and block, the deflector roll is hinged with support, the axis of guide Spring is arranged with, the lower end of the axis of guide is fixedly connected with support, the axis of guide is slidably matched through block and with block, The block is fixed, and water fender is connected with the support.
33. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 21 or 22 or 23 or 24 or 25, it is characterized in that:The water tank includes clear Water tank and the effluent treatment plant connected with filtered water tank, the effluent treatment plant include at least one expansion chamber, described heavy Drop and be provided with expansion chamber delivery port and expansion chamber water inlet, the expansion chamber on the bottom setting sewage draining exit of room, the expansion chamber Water outlet is provided with screen pack.
34. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 33, it is characterized in that:The effluent treatment plant includes what is be sequentially communicated N number of expansion chamber, wherein N>1, the first expansion chamber delivery port is connected with the second expansion chamber water inlet, and second expansion chamber goes out The mouth of a river is connected with the 3rd expansion chamber water inlet, the like, the N-1 expansion chambers delivery port and N expansion chambers water inlet connect Logical, the N expansion chamber delivery ports are connected with filtered water tank.
35. the Street surface cleaning car according to claim 21 or 22 or 23 or 24 or 25, it is characterized in that:Along cleaning vehicle operation side To being provided with prewashing device in front of the cleaning device.
36. Street surface cleaning car according to claim 35, it is characterized in that:The prewashing device is pre- including what is connected with water tank Nozzle and the sewage disposal brush matched with prewashing nozzle location are washed, the sewage disposal brush is driven by power set II.
37. a kind of Street surface cleaning method, it is characterized in that:Comprise the following steps,
A. cleaned using cleaning device road pavement, and the sewage that cleaning device is cleaned into road surface is reclaimed, handled, profit again With;
B. after cleaning device road pavement is cleaned, it is dried, is dried in road pavement using drying device road pavement Meanwhile, the sewage remained on road surface is reclaimed, handled, recycled.
CN201510179992.3A 2015-02-16 2015-04-16 A kind of Street surface cleaning car and its Street surface cleaning method Expired - Fee Related CN104831664B (en)

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CN201510179992.3A CN104831664B (en) 2015-02-16 2015-04-16 A kind of Street surface cleaning car and its Street surface cleaning method

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CN201510084123 2015-02-16
CN2015100841232 2015-02-16
CN201510179992.3A CN104831664B (en) 2015-02-16 2015-04-16 A kind of Street surface cleaning car and its Street surface cleaning method

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CN105970867B (en) * 2016-07-06 2017-07-28 高伟 A kind of mobile cleaning equipment for being used to handle concrete road ponding
CN106087836B (en) * 2016-07-06 2017-09-29 浙江鑫泰工程建设有限公司 A kind of locking support type asphalt concrete road mobile device
CN111764328B (en) * 2019-04-02 2022-03-25 广西长长路桥建设有限公司 Handle removal clean-up equipment of concrete road ponding
CN110665318A (en) * 2019-09-24 2020-01-10 太原科技大学 Dust device is atomized to motor sweeper
CN110899200A (en) * 2019-12-01 2020-03-24 江苏悦达专用车有限公司 Climbing cleaning operation vehicle

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JP2009007823A (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-15 Fukushima Pulse Kk Road cleaning vehicle
JP5152848B2 (en) * 2008-03-13 2013-02-27 西日本高速道路株式会社 Road surface cleaning device, road surface cleaning vehicle, and road surface cleaning method using the same
CN102505656B (en) * 2011-04-19 2014-12-24 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Pavement cleaning vehicle and pavement cleaning method thereof
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