CN104737648A - Vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine - Google Patents

Vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104737648A
CN104737648A CN201510199555.8A CN201510199555A CN104737648A CN 104737648 A CN104737648 A CN 104737648A CN 201510199555 A CN201510199555 A CN 201510199555A CN 104737648 A CN104737648 A CN 104737648A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
film
chain
soil
wheel
rolling bearing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510199555.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢建华
曹晓冉
杨业龙
孙超伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang Agricultural University
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Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Agricultural University filed Critical Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority to CN201510199555.8A priority Critical patent/CN104737648A/en
Publication of CN104737648A publication Critical patent/CN104737648A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine and belongs to the technical field of used plastic film collecting machinery. In the longitudinal direction of the rack, a sieve type used plastic film collecting machine is arranged as follows from front to rear: a traction rack 1, a transmission system I2, a front travelling system 13, a film uncovering system 12, a vibrating chain 7, a soil crushing system 4, a transmission system II 5, a film collecting system 8, a rear travelling system 10 and a soil sieving system 9. In work, soil removal is performed once when a mulching film is conveyed by the vibrating chain 7; the soil crushing system is used for crushing soil when mulching film is conveyed by the vibrating chain 7; the soil sieving system 9 and an arc-shaped plate 805 are matched to work to perform secondary soil removal. According to the vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine disclosed by the invention, the film collecting rate, the soil removal rate and the like are effectively increased.

Description

A kind of vibration chain type machine for recovering broken film
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly the residual machine for recycling mulch film of a kind of vibration chain type, the clearing and retrieving to residual film under level ridges film-covering planting pattern can be realized.
Background technology
Film-mulching technique has the effect of insulation, soil moisture conservation, can improve the output of Cold injury syndrome area crops.But residual film is left to difficult degradation in soil, the residual film being detained field affects the flowing of nutrient and moisture in soil, limits the growth of Crop Root, makes root that deformity occur.
At home, mechanization used plastic collection is a kind of effective measures solving residual membrane pollution problem.At present, the areas such as Xinjiang, Gansu, Ningxia have developed multiple residual ground Membrane recovery unit MRU, a kind of vibration chain type machine for recovering broken film (Chinese patent mandate publication number: CN201410394816.7) that wherein Ji Qiang East Street, Xiji County, Guyuan City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Generalization of Mechanized Agricultural Technology service centre researches and develops still exist the rate of recovery low, go the problems such as native rate is low.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is: overcome existing used plastic collection technology and go the defects such as native rate is low, the rate of recovery is low, provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, can effectively realize film, soil be separated facility.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: the residual machine for recycling mulch film of a kind of vibration chain type, comprises hitch frame 1, transmission system I 2, chain I 3, hack system 4, transmission system II 5, chain II 6, Vibration Chain 7, collection membranous system 8, sieve soil series system 9, rear running gear 10, frame 11, plays membranous system 12, front running gear 13.
Transmission system I 2 is made up of gear-box 201, shaft coupling 202, power transmission shaft 203, rolling bearing units I 204, chain wheel I 205 as described in Figure 5.Gear-box 201 is by being bolted on frame 11 front end cross beam, and power transmission shaft 203 is arranged in frame 11 through rolling bearing units I 204, and gear-box 201 is connected through shaft coupling 202 with one end of power transmission shaft 203, and the other end of power transmission shaft 203 is provided with chain wheel I 205.Transmission system I 2 connects tractor output shaft, and the transmission of power exported by tractor is to hack system 4.
As shown in Figure 1, front running gear 13 is made up of front walking wheel 1301, wheel shaft VIII 1302, rolling bearing units Ⅸ 1303, two front walking wheels 1301 are arranged on the two ends of wheel shaft VIII 1302 respectively, and wheel shaft VIII 1302 is arranged in frame 11 through rolling bearing units Ⅸ 1303, are positioned at the rear of transmission system I 2.Play membranous system 12 to be made up of skinning spike-tooth 1201 and fixed head 1202, play membranous system 12 by being bolted in frame 11, and be positioned at the rear of front running gear 13, wherein skinning spike-tooth 1201 is arranged on fixed head 1202 front end.In the course of the work, play membranous system 12 film is scooped up and is transported on Vibration Chain 7.
As shown in Figure 3, Vibration Chain 7 is made up of rolling bearing units IV 701, wheel shaft III 702, belt wheel I 703, conveyer belt 704, sprocket wheel IV 705, wheel shaft IV 706, belt wheel II 707, rolling bearing units V 708.Wheel shaft III 702 is arranged in frame 11 through rolling bearing units IV 701, after being positioned at fixed head 1202, wheel shaft III 702 is provided with belt wheel I 703.Wheel shaft IV 706 is arranged in frame 11 through rolling bearing units V 708, is positioned at before film-collecting box 803; Wheel shaft IV 706 is provided with belt wheel II 707 and sprocket wheel IV 705, belt wheel I 703 is connected through conveyer belt 704 with belt wheel II 707.The effect of Vibration Chain 7: the film (1) scooped up by a membranous system 12 and the soil that hardens on it are transported in film-collecting box 803; (2) in transportation, the part soil that hardens shakes by effect of vibration by Vibration Chain 7, realizes once removing soil to mulch film.
As shown in Figure 4, hack system 4 is made up of gear I 401, rolling bearing units II 402, hack plate 403, wheel shaft I 404, chain wheel II 405, cylinder 406.Wheel shaft I 404 is arranged in frame 11 through rolling bearing units II 402, and cylinder 406 is enclosed within wheel shaft I 404 centre position, and wheel shaft I 404 arranged on left and right sides installs chain wheel II 405 and gear I 401 respectively.The effect of hack system 4 is that the soil that hardens of conveying on Vibration Chain 7 is broken into small clod, makes it leak down from Vibration Chain 7 space.
As shown in Figure 6, transmission system II 5 is made up of gear 501, wheel shaft II 502, sprocket wheel III 503, rolling bearing units III 504.Wheel shaft II 502 is arranged in the frame 11 after hack system 4 through rolling bearing units III 504 cantilever, and gear 501 is arranged on the cantilever side of wheel shaft II 502, and sprocket wheel III 503 is arranged on wheel shaft II 502 centre position.The Main Function of transmission system II 5 is to Vibration Chain 7 by the transmission of power of hack system 4.
As shown in Figure 2, collect membranous system 8 to be made up of rolling bearing units VI 801, axle sleeve 802, film-collecting box 803, arc 804, wheel shaft V 805, guided mode plate 806.Wheel shaft V 805 is arranged in frame 11 through rolling bearing units VI 801, and film-collecting box 803 warp beam sleeve 802 is arranged on wheel shaft V 805, and arc 804 is bolted the afterbody at film-collecting box 803, and guided mode plate 806 is arranged in the frame 11 before wheel shaft V 805.The mulch film on Vibration Chain 7 is collected in the effect of collection membranous system 8.
As shown in Figure 7, sieve soil series system 9 is made up of gear III 901, cam disc 902, wheel shaft VI 903, rolling bearing units VII 904, wheel shaft VI 903 is arranged on frame 11 end through rolling bearing units VII 904, gear III 901 is arranged on wheel shaft VI 903 centre position, each installation cam disc 902 on the wheel shaft VI 903 of gear III 901 both sides.The sieve soil series 9 Main Functions of uniting remove soil to the secondary of the mulch film in film-collecting box 803.
As shown in Figure 2, rear running gear 10 is made up of rear walking wheel 1001, wheel shaft VII 1002, rolling bearing units VIII 1003, and two rear walking wheels 1001 are arranged on wheel shaft VII 1002 two ends respectively, and wheel shaft VII 1002 is arranged in frame 11 through rolling bearing units VIII 1003.Rear running gear 10 acts on: for sieve soil series system 9 provides power.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is used plastic collection owner TV structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is machine for recovering broken film plan structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is Vibration Chain schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 hack system schematic;
Fig. 5 transmission system I schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 transmission system II schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 sieves native system schematic;
In figure, 1-hitch frame, 2-transmission system I, 3-chain I, 4-hack system, 5-transmission system II, 6-chain II, 7-Vibration Chain, 8-collection membranous system, 9-sieve soil series system, 10-rear running gear, 11-frame, 12-play membranous system, 13-front running gear, 201-gear-box, 202-shaft coupling, 203-power transmission shaft, 204-rolling bearing units I, 205-chain wheel I, 401-gear I, 402-rolling bearing units II, 403-hack plate, 404-wheel shaft I, 405-chain wheel II, 406-cylinder, 501-gear II, 502-wheel shaft II, 503-sprocket wheel III, 504-rolling bearing units III, 701-rolling bearing units IV, 702-wheel shaft III, 703-belt wheel I, 704-conveyer belt, 705-sprocket wheel IV, 706-wheel shaft IV, 707-belt wheel II, 708-rolling bearing units V, 801-rolling bearing units VI, 802-axle sleeve, 803-film-collecting box, 804-arc, 805-wheel shaft V, 806-guided mode plate, 901-gear III, 902-cam disc, 903-wheel shaft VI, 904-rolling bearing units VII, 1001-rear walking wheel, 1002-wheel shaft VII, 1003-rolling bearing units VIII, 1201-skinning spike-tooth, 1202-fixed head, 1301-front walking wheel, 1302-wheel shaft VIII, 1303-rolling bearing units Ⅸ.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, concrete structure of the present invention and the course of work are further illustrated.
Hitch frame 1 is connected with tractor as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, drives machine for recovering broken film to move ahead when tractor moves ahead by tractive force.In the machine for recovering broken film course of work, front walking wheel 1301 and rear walking wheel 1001 roll and advance; While facility move ahead, gear-box 201 is connected with the output shaft of tractor, realizes the change in velocity of rotation and direction; Rotatory force after speed and direction change passes to chain wheel II 405 through shaft coupling 202, power transmission shaft 203, chain wheel I 205 and chain 17, realizes chain wheel II 405 and rotates; Chain wheel II 405 is rotated counterclockwise with whole hack system 4.The rotatory force of hack system 4 passes to sprocket wheel IV 705 through transmission system II 5 and chain II 6, realizes sprocket wheel IV 705 and turns clockwise; Sprocket wheel IV 705 works with whole Vibration Chain 7.The rotatory force of rear walking wheel 1001 passes to gear III 901 through gear IV 1004, realizes gear III 901 and rotates; Gear III 901 is with the work of whole sieve soil series system 9.
During facility work, mulch film is scooped up by skinning spike-tooth 1201, arrives film-collecting box 803 through Vibration Chain 7, hack system 4, guided mode plate 806.
Cylinder 406 in hack system 4 is provided with hack plate 403, and when film and soil are below cylinder 406, hack plate can be pressed in above soil block.Along with the rotation of cylinder 406, the distance between hack plate 403 and film constantly diminishes, and soil block is broken after the pressure bearing hack plate 406.
Conveyer belt 704 in Vibration Chain 7 produces vibrating effect, and shake the part soil on conveyer belt 704 earth's surface that falls back, realizes once removing soil.Then, film and remaining soil are transported in film-collecting box 803 by Vibration Chain 7.
The sieve soil series 9 middle gears III 901 of uniting drive wheel shafts VI 903 and cam disc 902 to rotate clockwise, cam disc 902 cooperatively interacts with arc 804 in rotation process, cam disc 902 and arc 804 touch in disengaging time, film-collecting box 803 can by jack-up, cam disc 902 and arc 804 are being separated to again in section time of contact, and film-collecting box 803 falls after rise; Film-collecting box 803 is by the reciprocating motion of jack-up and falling, and soil residual in film-collecting box 803 is sifted out outside film-collecting box 803, realizes secondary and removes soil.

Claims (3)

1. a vibration chain type machine for recovering broken film, it is characterized in that, machine for recovering broken film is made up of hitch frame 1, transmission system I 2, chain I 3, hack system 4, transmission system II 5, chain II 6, Vibration Chain 7, collection membranous system 8, sieve soil series system 9, rear running gear 10, frame 11, a membranous system 12, front running gear 13.
2. hack system 4 is arranged on frame 11 centre position, is positioned at above Vibration Chain 7; Hack system 4 comprises gear I 401, rolling bearing units II 402, hack plate 403, wheel shaft I 404, chain wheel II 405, cylinder 406.
3. sieve soil series system 9 and be arranged on frame 11 afterbody, be positioned at below film-collecting box 803; Sieve soil series system 9 comprises gear III 901, cam disc 902, wheel shaft VI 903, rolling bearing units VII 904; Wherein cam disc 902 coordinates with the arc 804 be arranged on film-collecting box 803 and carries out secondary and sieve soil.
CN201510199555.8A 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 Vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine Pending CN104737648A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510199555.8A CN104737648A (en) 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 Vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510199555.8A CN104737648A (en) 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 Vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine

Publications (1)

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CN104737648A true CN104737648A (en) 2015-07-01

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109005694A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-18 新疆农业大学 A kind of incomplete film-recovering machine of band edge Membrane recovery unit MRU

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201467644U (en) * 2009-09-03 2010-05-19 李豹 Residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine
CN201499447U (en) * 2009-09-18 2010-06-09 付春海 Root-tuber crop harvester
US20110000687A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2011-01-06 Rocca Manufacturing Pty Ltd Plastic mulch retriever
CN201789728U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-04-13 新疆农垦科学院 Chained farmland residual membrane recycling machine
CN104115583A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-10-29 单思诚 Film residue recycling machine
CN104285520A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-21 甘肃农业大学 Plastic mulch recycling machine
CN204157231U (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-02-18 石河子大学 Pair roller pulls out stalk and farmland incomplete film reclaims combine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110000687A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2011-01-06 Rocca Manufacturing Pty Ltd Plastic mulch retriever
CN201467644U (en) * 2009-09-03 2010-05-19 李豹 Residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine
CN201499447U (en) * 2009-09-18 2010-06-09 付春海 Root-tuber crop harvester
CN201789728U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-04-13 新疆农垦科学院 Chained farmland residual membrane recycling machine
CN104115583A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-10-29 单思诚 Film residue recycling machine
CN104285520A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-21 甘肃农业大学 Plastic mulch recycling machine
CN204157231U (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-02-18 石河子大学 Pair roller pulls out stalk and farmland incomplete film reclaims combine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109005694A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-18 新疆农业大学 A kind of incomplete film-recovering machine of band edge Membrane recovery unit MRU

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Application publication date: 20150701

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