CN104719231B - South America common eel integration cultivating system - Google Patents

South America common eel integration cultivating system Download PDF

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CN104719231B
CN104719231B CN201510053949.2A CN201510053949A CN104719231B CN 104719231 B CN104719231 B CN 104719231B CN 201510053949 A CN201510053949 A CN 201510053949A CN 104719231 B CN104719231 B CN 104719231B
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water
pond
culturing pool
inlet
pipe
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CN104719231A (en
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陈宏�
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陈宏�
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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of South America common eel integrated cultivating system, the culturing pool group that it is constituted including several culturing pools being sequentially connected, and it also includes that inlet water buffer device, band heating filtration cycle water installations and red worm temporarily support self-stripping unit;Inlet water buffer device is by designing multigroup pond, realize purification, the effect of buffering current, with heating filtration cycle water installations by way of heating isolation, realize heating safety, also function to filter the effect of culturing pool simultaneously, red worm temporarily supports self-stripping unit by the artificial water channel for setting simulation river, realizes the effect of red worm cleaning.Beneficial effects of the present invention are:It is disposable to realize the program such as fed from the water inlet of common eel water source to the heating of common eel culturing pool, purification and common eel, and optimize said procedure, so as to low, high degree of automation of realizing the common eel death rate, reduce the multiple advantages such as waste of water resource.

Description

South America common eel integration cultivating system
Technical field
The invention belongs to the eel culture field of marine fishery fish, more particularly to South America common eel integration cultivation system System.
Background technology
Eel, scientific name common eel, its kind is commonly called as eel, star eel, flower eel, double-colored eel etc., is the water for belonging to ocean Natural Survival Lively thing, speculates according to ocean historical records, and Chinese, Japan eel spawning place may be between the western archipelago of Philippine and Malaysia At deep-sea.At present, eel seed fails to study reproductive success in terms of artificial propagation, over the years the seed resource of eel it is main according to By European import, the eel kind in existing Europe lists international endangered species of wild fauna and flora protection in by China.A kind of its South America eel The economic fish eel seedling kind that the new talent kind of fish has been introduced since belonging to nearly 2 years, at present, import South America eel seedling kind is basic On instead of European eel kind, South America eel kind supplies artificial feeding in China's Mainland in succession.Obviously, raising European eel The conventional husbandry mode of fish products kind come carry out raise South America eel, its raise success rate it is relatively low, and eel raise survive Rate is not high.Its South America eel kind all has some drawbacks in existing eel industrial aquaculture facility:
1. animal feed when red worm is a kind of raising seedling eel, is generally fed intake by the way of directly feeding.But Red worm can not directly feed after fishing for, and it has to be placed 2-3 days by rinsing and temporarily supporting before dosing.
In the prior art, there is no it is a kind of be exclusively used in rinse and temporarily support placement red worm facility, existing way or Mud, or simple ablation cleaning, or input cleaning equipment are removed in simple rinsing, or put into substantial amounts of disinfectant medicine, above-mentioned Method be difficult to rinse well the generation that thus there is the bacterium colony that causes a disease unavoidably, or the factor that there is pest and disease damage is all difficult to ensure that and fills The water source of foot and the cleannes of water quality, or the easy parasite long of eel body, or water cleaning degree is ensure that, it is corresponding to throw The cost for entering is just very high, and these all constrain the amount of the water quality of eel culture and abundance, constrains breeding technique technology Development.
2. in existing culturing pool blowdown apparatus, screen pack generally is installed in bottom of pond, pond will be deposited in by screen pack The pollution at bottom is expelled to gutter, but because the area of culturing pool bottom of pond is big, the pollution of discharge drains substantial amounts of water simultaneously, Concentration of the pollution in the water drained is not high, so easily causes the waste of water.Eel is non-to the requirement of water environment cleannes Chang Gao, in order to keep the cleannes of culturing pool water, drain sewage and the solids dirt more frequent than other aquaculture organisms Mud, impurity concentration therein is very low, has so taken away substantial amounts of water, reduces the utilization rate of water, causes to waste, and increased water It is lost and improves aquaculture cost.
In addition, in order that the water energy in culturing pool enough smooth out around culturing pool surrounding rotate, be beneficial to aquaculture organism Growth and breeding and tiny pollution not free settling, typically can carry out chamfered in the corner of culturing pool.But corner chamfering Isolate a zonule of formation after treatment, it will usually be filled or shelve, cause space waste or as aggregation rubbish The place of rubbish discarded object, produces hygienic issues to be unfavorable for the growth and breeding of aquaculture organism.
3. eel seedling is most raises in winter, and its eel seedling feeding period has to be heated to raising water, traditional raising Heating is directly with one steam pipe straight cutting in the water of rearing pool, and the straight-through raising water of boiler pressure steam to be added Temperature;Or use easy to be heat-insulated in raising water, or the heating balancer device of high cost is put into, or without the equal of accreditation The technology of even Heating system, or using the water body of a plurality of heating steam pipe dispersion insertion rearing pool, steam is opened to water Body is heated, and produced steam or is crossed hot vapour and is lifted wave bounce and cause injury eel seedling, or in raising when being heated to eel seedling water, The temperature that will be raised using easy steam quarantine measures in water is improved, and the heating mode of the above all easily causes overheat and steams The water of carbonated drink or overheat directly scalds eel seedling, and the water temperature difficult control of uneven raising technique of water is raised in the lighter's influence, and severe one is caused The eel seedling death rate is high, and eel seedling cost of investment increases.
It is beneficial to the growth and breeding of aquaculture organism for the cleannes for keeping culturing pool water, it is cultivation to change to fresh water The work that pond must often be carried out.But it is that substantial amounts of supplement water is directly passed through into anxious current ground in the work of existing industry Pour in culturing pool, this causes potential danger for aquaculture organism:Drawn water from water source, due to the excessive active force of suction pump, To easily fall to the bottom the grains of sand or it is other impurity is related is evacuated to culturing pool, cause the reduction of culturing pool water cleannes, lose The meaning of fresh water is gone to change to.Water yield is big and current urgency, its excessive impulsive force, easily causes the wound of aquaculture organism Evil.The drawbacks of in order to avoid the above, the water inlet uniform device of great number is invested, or simply extract surface water, or big yield ground It is straight-through to impact in culturing pool, or with the uniform poor processing mode of Simple water, or ignore breeding technique effect method, with Upper water intake mode is all directly rushed in culturing pool, and the casualty rate that can lead to eel seedling increases, and makes cost of investment very high.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of South America common eel integration cultivating system, South America common eel is specific to The integrated facility of design is cultivated, beneficial growing environment is suitably cleaned for the growth of South America common eel is provided, and facility cost is thrown Enter it is low, it is practical.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of South America common eel integration cultivating system, the cultivation that it is constituted including several culturing pools being sequentially connected Pond group,
It includes that inlet water buffer device, band heating filtration cycle water installations and red worm temporarily support self-stripping unit;
It includes choked flow pond, sets up multiple pond, the water pipe A with water pump, water pipes with valve of overflowing in culturing pool pool side separately B, water pipe C and water outlet control piece;The choked flow pond is provided with water outlet A;The pond of overflowing is provided with water outlet B, the choked flow pond Connected by water pipe A with water source, the water outlet A in the choked flow pond is connected with pond of overflowing by water pipe B;The water outlet in the pond of overflowing Mouth B is connected with water pipe C;Obliquely towards culturing pool, the water outlet control piece is arranged on the water outlet of water pipe C to the delivery port C of water pipe C At mouth C;The height of the height higher than the horizontal plane where pond pond mouthful that overflows of choked flow pond water outlet A place horizontal plane, it is described equal Height of the height of horizontal plane higher than horizontal plane where culturing pool pond mouthful where pond water outlet B of overflowing;
It includes the row of small cistern, intake tunnel, exhalant canal, the water feed apparatus of controllable folding and controllable folding Water installations, the suction pump with screen pack;The small cistern is arranged at cultivation pool side;The delivery port D of the intake tunnel and enter Mouth of a river D is connected with small cistern and culturing pool respectively, the water inlet E and delivery port E of described exhalant canal respectively with small retaining Pond connects with gutter;Described suction pump is arranged in small cistern, and suction pump water side is led in culturing pool;The water inlet Device is arranged at the delivery port D of intake tunnel;The drainage arrangement is arranged at the water inlet E of exhalant canal.
Described red worm temporarily supports self-stripping unit includes inlet channel, several thin waterways and exhalent canal;It is the multiple shallow Water channel is arranged in parallel successively to constitute shallow water channel array, and one end of shallow water channel array is connected with inlet channel side wall, shallow water channel array The other end is connected with exhalent canal side wall;The side wall that inlet channel is connected side with thin waterway is provided with and each thin waterway one-to-one corresponding company Logical water inlet F;The side wall that exhalent canal is connected side with thin waterway is provided with the delivery port for being corresponded with each thin waterway and being connected G;Exhalent canal is connected with culturing pool by connecting pipe;Several are arranged at intervals with the thin waterway with thin waterway bearing of trend The shallow wall of vertical dash, the shallow wall wall of dash was respectively provided on two sides with aquaporin, crosses at aquaporin and is provided with the block that blocks water, described Block water block height less than the shallow wall of dash height.
Before relatively for technology, beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, red worm is temporarily supported self-stripping unit and shallow gush gentle current nature oxygen bar is carried out to red worm using setting in the present invention Rinsed under part, and using the effect of travelling red worm with dirt gravity relationship, realize that the mode of dirt natural subsidence is completed to red The cleaning of worm, it is easy to operate and rinse well.
2. the small cistern of controllable water inlet and water outlet is provided with the present invention with heating filtration cycle water installations, and was carried Filter device.After the sewage that will be discharged in culturing pool is filtered through too small cistern, used in suction culturing pool again, to reach circulation Using the purpose of water.After substantial amounts of pollution is accumulated in small cistern, it is only necessary to which a small amount of water just can be by substantial amounts of pollution Rinse cleaning be expelled to gutter, greatly reduce water waste, compared to existing technology in will in culturing pool discharge containing low The sewage of concentration pollution is immediately discharged to gutter, has saved substantial amounts of water, reduces aquaculture cost.Due to being discharged from culturing pool Sewage impurity content it is relatively low, small cistern can continuously circulate multiple times of filtration sewage, when pollution runs up to it is a certain amount of when, Again small cistern is discharged by blowdown apparatus.Therefore it is practical.
3. it is the original culturing pool corner shelved shape after chamfered with small cistern in heating filtration cycle water installations Into region, it is neighbouring with culturing pool, need not put into substantially the water after from culturing pool sewage to small cistern and filtering from Small cistern is evacuated to the expense in culturing pool.It is cleverly designed turns waste into wealth, the input of low cost, reaches and economizes on well The effect of water and use cost is low.
4. heater is provided with its medium and small cistern, water is heated in small cistern, be evacuated in culturing pool and use, prevented Stop in the prior art because directly heating water in culturing pool, and caused the accident that eel seedling is scalded to occur, and the water for heating Water of the warm uniformity comparatively than directly being heated in culturing pool is more uniform.
5. inlet water buffer device simple structure in the present invention, the water that will be pumped into from water source pond of being overflow by choked flow pond and is carried out Shunting, reduces the speed and flow of current, with prevent water from flowing through impulsive force that big and hypervolia causes to aquaculture organism Injury;Wherein delivery port C settings obliquely, make water enter in culturing pool in the way of similar sprinkling, and further water is entered Row shunting, enters the injury further prevented in cultivation to aquaculture organism, meanwhile, it is capable to make suction in the way of more tenderness Water quickly uniformly mixes with culturing pool water, prevents the change of water environment to the influence of aquaculture organism.
6. inlet water buffer device is applied, and the water being pumped into from water source is precipitated by choked flow pond, makes the grains of sand carried in water Or other impurities are deposited in choked flow pond bottom of pond, play a part of purified water, to ensure to be pumped into the freshness of culturing pool reclaimed water and clear Cleanliness.
7. inlet water buffer device utilizes the pressure differential of water, and carries out diversion design, and input cost is low, and application is strong.
8. to sum up, red worm temporarily supports the feed of self-stripping unit clean cleaning for eel provides in the present invention;Band heating is filtered The sewage discharged in circulating water device culturing pool is circulated utilization, for eel provides the cleaning that can be simultaneously heated without parasite Recirculated water;Inlet water buffer device carries out shunting and further filtering precipitation to the water being pumped into from water source, to avoid impulse force excessive Injure eel seedling and can guarantee that the high level of cleanliness of water.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the top view of culturing pool;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of inlet water buffer device;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in excessive pond;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation with heating filtration cycle water installations;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that culturing pool chamfered forms small cistern;
Fig. 6 is that red worm temporarily supports self-stripping unit floor map;
Fig. 7 is that red worm temporarily supports thin waterway schematic cross-section in self-stripping unit.
Label declaration:1 choked flow pond, 2 excessive pond, 3 water pipe A, 4 water pipe B, 5 water pipe C, 6 water outlet control pieces, 7 culturing pools, 11 Small cistern, 12 water outlet intubations, 13 water inlet intubations, 14 intake tunnels, 15 exhalant canals, 16 screen packs, 17 suction pumps, 19 steam Heating tube, 21 inlet channels, 22 thin waterways, 23 exhalent canals, 24 water inlet F, 25 delivery port G, the shallow wall of 26 dash, 27 block water block, 28 Charging supervisor, 29 feed-inputing branched pipes.
Specific embodiment
Illustrate to elaborate the present invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
The culturing pool group that main body of the present invention is constituted including several culturing pools 7 being sequentially connected, it also includes that water inlet is slow Flushing device, band heating filtration cycle water installations and red worm temporarily support self-stripping unit;
Inlet water buffer device:
As shown in Figure 1,2 and 3, inlet water buffer device includes choked flow pond 1, sets up separately in multiple ponds of overflowing of the pool side of culturing pool 7 2nd, the water pipe A3 with water pump, the water pipe B4 with valve, water pipe C5 and water outlet control piece 6;The choked flow pond 1 is provided with water outlet A; It is described overflow pond 2 be provided with water outlet B, the choked flow pond 1 is connected with water source by water pipe A3, the water outlet A in the choked flow pond 1 and Excessive pond 2 is connected by water pipe B4;The water outlet B for overflowing pond 2 is connected with water pipe C5;The delivery port C of water pipe C5 is obliquely Towards culturing pool 7, the water outlet control piece 6 is arranged at the delivery port C of water pipe C5;Level where the water outlet A of choked flow pond 1 , higher than the height of the horizontal plane where the pond of pond 2 mouthful that overflows, the height of horizontal plane is high where the excessive water outlet B of pond 2 for the height in face The height of horizontal plane where the pond of culturing pool 7 mouthful;
Using above-mentioned inlet water buffer device, water is evacuated to choked flow pond 1 from water source, choked flow, retaining and sedimentation are played in choked flow pond 1 The effect of impurity, choked flow pond 1 is usually arranged as larger volume to accumulate more water and settled.Choked flow pond 1 by with Multiple connections of pond 2 of overflowing are shunted, and by the outflow by Valve controlling water.Wherein choked flow pond 1 has with pond 2 of overflowing Water-head, in the case where valve is opened, water is naturally flowed under the effect of water pressure formed by water-head from choked flow pond 1 Each pond 2 of overflowing, so as to reach the effect of shunting.Here excessive pond 2 can be set to the less pond of volume, and cultivation is arranged on to facilitate The wall top in pond 7, is easy to supply water to culturing pool 7.Excessive pond 2 also has water-head with culturing pool 7, and pond 2 of overflowing is in hydraulic pressure In the presence of power, naturally flowed in culturing pool 7 by water pipe C5, the wherein delivery port C of water pipe C5 settings obliquely make water After spraying upwards under gravity, the current for forming similar fountain shape enter in culturing pool 7, make inflow water energy it is enough with it is foster The water grown in pond 7 rapidly and uniformly mixes, and is prevented from the injures and deaths of aquaculture organism, eel seedling etc..
Further, as shown in figure 1, the culturing pool 7 is array distribution, the multiple pond 2 of overflowing is respectively provided at adjacent Pool wall top between culturing pool 7, pond 2 of overflowing is provided with two water pipe C5, and two water pipe C5 are respectively facing pond both sides of overflowing Culturing pool 7.
Pond 2 of overflowing is provided with per the adjacent wall of culturing pool 7, while being easy to intake each culturing pool 7, and is reduced Each culturing pool 7 is required for setting the cost for overflowing caused by pond 2 and raises.
Further, as shown in figure 5, described water outlet control piece 6 is control water cutting pipe, the control water cutting pipe is with water pipe C's Delivery port C is closely plugged together, and controls peak level of the water cutting pipe upper orifice higher than pond 2 of overflowing;
The present invention prevents the excessive water of pond 2 from flowing out by controlling peak level of the water cannula nozzle higher than pond 2 of overflowing to reach Purpose.Control water cutting pipe will be brought into close contact with delivery port C, to prevent water from overflowing.
Further, a certain distance is left between the water outlet A in the choked flow pond 1 and the bottom of pond of choked flow pond 1.
The distance left between water outlet A and the bottom of pond of choked flow pond 1, prevent from being accumulated in the bottom of pond of choked flow pond 1 the grains of sand or other Impurity flows into the device that overflows by water outlet A, causes the pollution of water quality.
Using above-mentioned inlet water buffer device:
Suction pump is opened, is staticly settled in extracting enough water to choked flow ponds 1 from water source, valve is opened afterwards, make water freedom Flow in each pond 2 of overflowing from choked flow pond 1, and pull out and walk out water cutting pipe, water is entered in culturing pool 7 in similar fountain mode, from And realize the water inlet pooling feature of current limliting and removal of impurities that the present invention draws water into culturing pool 7.After water inlet end, by water outlet intubation It is brought into close contact with delivery port C, and closes valve.
Band heating filtration cycle water installations:
As shown in Fig. 1,4 and 5, include that small cistern 11, intake tunnel 14, water outlet lead to heating filtration cycle water installations Drainage arrangement, the suction pump 17 with screen pack 16 in road 15, the water feed apparatus of controllable folding and controllable folding;The small storage Pond 11 is arranged at the side of culturing pool 7;The delivery port D and water inlet D of the intake tunnel 14 respectively with small cistern 11 and cultivation Pond 7 is connected, and the water inlet E and delivery port E of described exhalant canal 15 are connected with small cistern 11 and gutter respectively;Described Suction pump 17 is arranged in small cistern 11, and the water side of suction pump 17 is led in culturing pool 7;The water feed apparatus are arranged on into water At the delivery port D of passage 14;The drainage arrangement is arranged at the water inlet E of exhalant canal 15.
The water feed apparatus of the controllable folding in above-mentioned, according to the reservoir storage in small cistern 11, control culturing pool 7 is discharged Sewage by after intake tunnel enter or stop enter small cistern 11 in, i.e., when there is no water in small cistern 11 Wait, control water feed apparatus are opened so that the water in culturing pool flows into small cistern, when the liquid level and the liquid of culturing pool of small cistern After face flushes, the water in culturing pool is no longer flow into small cistern;Sewage in small cistern 11 is by shape after the filtering of screen pack 16 Into clean water, clean water is used in drawing back culturing pool 7 by suction pump 17, so as to the filtration cycle for realizing sewage is used.It is dirty Pollution in water is settled down to the bottom of pond of small cistern 11 and screen pack surrounding through the filtering of screen pack 16, when sludge accumulation a certain amount Afterwards, the flushing for controlling screen pack by drainage arrangement makes its sludge be expelled to gutter, while a small amount of water is taken away, the row of completion After dirt, drainage arrangement is closed, and reopens running gear, continues to introduce the water of culturing pool.That is, the present invention is only needed to A small amount of water can just drain it is substantial amounts of it is highly enriched after pollution, if not using the present invention, in culturing pool 7 per secondary discharge it is big The water of amount can just drain a small amount of pollution.
As described in figures 1 and 5, described small cistern 11 is the region that the corner of culturing pool 7 is formed after chamfered.
In order that the water energy in culturing pool 7 enough smooth out do surround movement in culturing pool 7, be beneficial to cultivation marine organisms Growth and breeding, generally chamfered is carried out in the corner of culturing pool 7, so as to form a zonule;Usual zonule is filled out Fill or lie on the table.And the present invention takes full advantage of this block zonule, as the sewage that may filter that the discharge of culturing pool 7 Small cistern 11, enables sewage to recycle.Small cistern 11 is adjacent to culturing pool 7, the filtration cycle of sewage of being more convenient for, cost Lower, effect is more preferable.
As shown in figure 1, described water feed apparatus are water inlet intubation 13;The water inlet intubation 13 is arranged in small cistern 11 And water inlet intubation 13 is inserted at the delivery port D of intake tunnel 14;The upper surface of the water inlet intubation is higher than small cistern 11 Highest liquid level;Described drainage arrangement is water outlet intubation 12.
Sewage draining exit in usual culturing pool 7 is closed using the network structure that can prevent aquaculture organism from passing through, therefore when water inlet When intubation 13 and intake tunnel 14 are not connected with, the water water level in culturing pool 7 is located at small cistern 11 higher than intake tunnel 14 Water side, under the pressure of pool water within rotary motion, the sewage of the bottom of pond of culturing pool 7 enters small cistern 11 by intake tunnel 14 Interior, when the water level of water is identical with the water level of water in culturing pool 7 in small cistern 11, sewage will stop entering small retaining Pond 11 and the surrounding of screen pack.But, in order to prevent a large amount of pollutions accumulated in small cistern 11 from flowing back in culturing pool 7; In order to prevent small cistern 11 during blowdown, due to the decline of water level, the sewage in culturing pool 7 can be flowed into continuously In small cistern 11, participate in small cistern 11 blowdown and the substantial amounts of water that flows away;Therefore in small 11 blowdown of cistern or enter After the completion of water, water inlet intubation 13 and intake tunnel 14 are connected, water inlet intubation 13 extends upward the port of small cistern, is higher than The height where the water surface in culturing pool 7.
As shown in figure 4, the water outlet intubation 12 is arranged in small cistern 11 and water outlet intubation 12 is inserted in exhalant canal At 15 water inlet E, the highest liquid level of the upper surface higher than small cistern 11 of the water outlet intubation 12.
Here drainage arrangement operation principle is similar with the operation principle of water feed apparatus.When water outlet intubation 12 and exhalant canal 15 it is not connected when, because gutter is generally located on the place lower than the bottom physical features of small cistern 11, in the presence of hydraulic pressure, The sewage of the bottom of small cistern 11 flow to gutter into exhalant canal 15.At the end of blowdown, by water outlet intubation 12 and water outlet Passage 15 is connected, because the water surface elevation in small cistern 11 extends the port of small cistern less than water outlet intubation 4, sewage without Method enters water outlet intubation 12, also just cannot flow out small cistern 11 by exhalant canal 15.So, preventing in small cistern 11 Water constantly discharge, sewage water filtration is carried out, or water after the completion of filtering is discharged to gutter again, sends out this Bright filtration cycle cannot be realized using the purpose of sewage.
As shown in figure 4, band heating filtration cycle water installations also include heater, described heater is arranged on small storage In pond 11.
Heater is steam heater, and its middle steam tube is arranged in small cistern 11, makes the water of small cistern 11 In the range of the coolant-temperature gage of vapour heating to suitable aquaculture organism growth and breeding, while the harmful organism such as parasite is steamed in water Vapour high temperature is killed and filtered, and the water after circulating filtration is cleaned clean and can be kept being drawn back at a suitable temperature to cultivation In pond 7, and the water in culturing pool 7 is set to be maintained in the range of normal thermostat temperature.Prevent and directly supporting in the prior art Grow heating water in pond 7, the unexpected generation that aquaculture organism is scalded;Also prevent and directly heat water in culturing pool 7, and cannot fill Point kill the harm of influence of being grown on aquaculture organism that parasite is brought, or save subsequently will be in culturing pool 7 Water carries out killing the parasite cost to be put into.
Using with heating filtration cycle water installations:
Water inlet intubation 13 is extracted, then the water in culturing pool 7 enters small retaining in the presence of hydraulic pressure by intake tunnel 14 Pond 11, after the water in small cistern 11 is accumulated to a certain amount, is connected to exhalant canal 15, so that water stops by water inlet intubation 13 Fluid stopping enters in small cistern 11, opens heater, and laser heating is rear for a period of time and when reaching cultivation temperature, suction pump 17 will Water after screen pack 16 is filtered is evacuated in culturing pool 7, turns off heater.Extract water inlet intubation 13 as needed afterwards, constantly Water inlet keeps water circulation, repeats the action of the above, and after repeatedly, the bottom of small cistern 11 and screen pack have gathered substantial amounts of dirt Matter, the enough water of accumulation in small cistern 11 extracts water outlet intubation 12, and pollution is rushed to exhalant canal 15 and is discharged to draining by water Ditch, after terminating, exhalant canal 15 is turned back to positioned at the opening of small cistern 11 by water outlet intubation 12.
Red worm temporarily supports self-stripping unit:
As shown in Figures 6 and 7, described red worm temporarily support self-stripping unit include inlet channel 21, several thin waterways 22 and Exhalent canal 23;The multiple thin waterway 22 is arranged in parallel successively to constitute shallow water channel array, one end of shallow water channel array and inlet channel 21 side walls are connected, and the other end of shallow water channel array is connected with the side wall of exhalent canal 23;Inlet channel 21 is connected side with thin waterway 22 Side wall is provided with the water inlet F24 for being corresponded with each thin waterway 22 and being connected;Exhalent canal 23 is connected the side of side with thin waterway 22 Wall is provided with the delivery port G25 for being corresponded with each thin waterway 22 and being connected;Exhalent canal 23 is connected with culturing pool 7 by connecting pipe Connect;Several shallow walls 26 of dash vertical with the bearing of trend of thin waterway 22, the dash are arranged at intervals with the thin waterway 22 The wall of shallow wall 26 was respectively provided on two sides with aquaporin, crosses at aquaporin and is provided with the block 27 that blocks water, and the height for blocking water block 27 is less than The height of the shallow wall 26 of dash.
Here, built by the present invention only needs to a small pieces level land, it is possible to use the general common Building wood such as mixed mud Material is made, and builds easy and with low cost.
The effect of the shallow wall 26 of dash is that the flow velocity that can increase local current strengthens the flushing action of current and in dash Current are blocked under the corner of shallow wall 26 and at the upstream face of the block 27 that blocks water, and this is that good environment and position is created in dirt sedimentation Put, herein, the block 27 that blocks water has the effect for controlling to adjust water-carrying capacity.
The shallow wall both sides of wall 26 of dash be respectively provided with cross aquaporin be for current more generally, prevent the red worm in pond It is deposited under the shallow wall 26 of dash.
The height of the block 27 that blocks water enables current successfully from aquaporin excessively less than the highly small of the shallow wall 26 of dash In pass through, while the height of the block 27 that blocks water is adjusted according to actual water level, it is proposed that can be made using square brick and blocked water block 27, profit The different conditions such as it is vertically arranged or is inverted with square brick and block water the purpose of the height of block 27 reaching regulation, well adapts in thin waterway 22 Different SEA LEVEL VARIATION situations.
As shown in figure 1, further, described connecting pipe is divided into charging supervisor 28 and some feed-inputing branched pipes 29, One end of charging supervisor 28 and the UNICOM of exhalent canal 23, one end of charging supervisor 28 connect with some feed-inputing branched pipes 29, each Feed-inputing branched pipe 29 corresponds to a culturing pool and connects corresponding culturing pool 7 respectively, and being provided with valve on every feed-inputing branched pipe 29 opens Close.
The effect of connecting pipe is that red worm cleaned in exhalent canal 23 is delivered into culturing pool 7.In order to ensure red worm is conveyed Compare concentration, can be by the way of batch feed, that is to say, that the feed-inputing branched pipe wherein corresponding to a culturing pool is unimpeded On the premise of, other feed-inputing branched pipes are closed by valve switch;Enter apart from exhalent canal 23 is nearer so as to avoid distance More red worms are walked in material branch pipe shunting, naturally it is also possible to use existing mode, and the instruments such as bucket from exhalent canal are used by artificial Red worm is collected in 23 to pour into again in culturing pool 7.
Further, the Sidewall Height scope of the thin waterway 22 is 0.2-0.24 meters.The Sidewall Height of the thin waterway 22 is most The figure of merit is 0.24 meter.
The height of thin waterway 22 will be controlled in rational scope, and thin waterway 22 is too shallow, and retaining is small, efficiency is low and is unfavorable for The deposition of dirt;Thin waterway 22 is too high, influences whether the flushing action of current.
Further, the wall altitude range of the shallow wall 26 of the dash is 0.06-0.12 meters.The shallow wall 26 of dash Wall height optimal value is 0.09 meter.
The depth of the highly desirable and thin waterway 22 of the shallow wall 26 of dash matches, while the height of the shallow wall 26 of shallow dash also can Have influence on the effect of flushing and the dirt sedimentation of current.
It is as follows that red worm temporarily supports self-stripping unit operation principle:
It is mixed with the water of red worm and flows into and through water inlet F24 from inlet channel 21 and flow into thin waterway 22, red worm is in current Drive under along thin waterway 22 flow eventually pass through delivery port G25 flow to exhalent canal 23 so as to complete rinse overall process;This Be during individual using current red worm is carried out natural flushing and using gravity the dirt natural subsidence that will rinse of effect to pond Bottom is so as to complete the cleaning to red worm.The red worm that completion is cleaned in exhalent canal 23 sends into feeding in culturing pool by interface channel Eel.
It is clean in order to what is rinsed, can be by the way of circulation flushing or multiple devices be rinsed successively.
Although the present apparatus is illustrated and illustrated using specific embodiment and its alternative to the present invention, but it should reason Solution, can implement without departing from the variations and modifications in scope of the invention.It is therefore understood that except by with Outside the limitation of attached claim and its condition of equivalent, the present invention is not limited by all senses.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of South America common eel integration cultivating system, what the culturing pool (7) that it is sequentially connected including several was constituted supports Grow pond group, it is characterised in that:It includes that inlet water buffer device, band heating filtration cycle water installations and red worm temporarily support self-cleaning dress Put;
Inlet water buffer device includes choked flow pond(1), set up separately in culturing pool(7)Multiple ponds of overflowing of pool side(2), the water pipe with water pump A(3), the water pipe B with valve(4), water pipe C(5)With water outlet control piece(6);The choked flow pond(1)It is provided with water outlet A;It is described Excessive pond(2)It is provided with water outlet B, the choked flow pond(1)Pass through water pipe A with water source(3)Connection, the choked flow pond(1)Water outlet Mouth A and pond of overflowing(2)By water pipe B(4)Connection;The pond of overflowing(2)Water outlet B and water pipe C(5)Connection;Water pipe C(5) Delivery port C obliquely towards culturing pool(7), the water outlet control piece(6)It is arranged on water pipe C(5)Delivery port C at;It is described Choked flow pond(1)The height of horizontal plane is higher than pond of overflowing where water outlet A(2)The height of horizontal plane where pond mouthful, the pond of overflowing (2)The height of horizontal plane where water outlet B is higher than culturing pool(7)The height of horizontal plane where pond mouthful;
Band heating filtration cycle water installations include small cistern(11), intake tunnel(14), exhalant canal(15), controllable folding Water feed apparatus and controllable folding drainage arrangement, band screen pack(16)Suction pump(17);The small cistern(11)If It is placed in culturing pool(7)Side;The intake tunnel(14)Delivery port D and water inlet D respectively with small cistern(11)And culturing pool (7)Connection, described exhalant canal(15)Water inlet E and delivery port E respectively with small cistern(11)Connected with gutter;Institute The suction pump stated(17)It is arranged on small cistern(11)It is interior, suction pump(17)Culturing pool is led in water side(7)It is interior;The water inlet dress Put and be arranged on intake tunnel(14)Delivery port D at;The drainage arrangement is arranged on exhalant canal(15)Water inlet E at;
Described red worm temporarily supports self-stripping unit includes inlet channel(21), exhalent canal(23)And several thin waterways(22);It is many Individual thin waterway(22)It is arranged in parallel successively to constitute shallow water channel array, one end of shallow water channel array and inlet channel(21)Side wall is connected, The other end and exhalent canal of shallow water channel array(23)Side wall is connected;Inlet channel(21)With thin waterway(22)Connect on the side wall of side It is provided with and each thin waterway(22)Correspond the water inlet F of connection(24);Exhalent canal(23)With thin waterway(22)Connection side Side wall is provided with and each thin waterway(22)Correspond the delivery port G of connection(25);Exhalent canal(23)With culturing pool(7)By even Adapter road is connected;The thin waterway(22)Inside it is arranged at intervals with several and thin waterway(22)The shallow wall of the vertical dash of bearing of trend (26), the shallow wall of dash(26)Wall was respectively provided on two sides with aquaporin, crosses at aquaporin and is provided with the block that blocks water(27), the resistance Water block(27)Height be less than the shallow wall of dash(26)Height.
2. South America common eel according to claim 1 integration cultivating system, it is characterised in that:The culturing pool(7)For Array distribution, the multiple pond of overflowing(2)It is respectively provided at adjacent culturing pool(7)Between pool wall top, overflow pond(2)It is provided with Two water pipe C(5), and two water pipe C(5)It is respectively facing the culturing pool of pond both sides of overflowing(7).
3. the integrated cultivating system of South America common eel according to any one in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Institute The water outlet control piece stated(6)It is control water cutting pipe, the control water cutting pipe is closely plugged together with the delivery port C of water pipe C, and controls water cutting pipe Upper orifice is higher than pond of overflowing(2)Peak level;The choked flow pond(1)Water outlet A and choked flow pond(1)One is left between bottom of pond Fixed distance.
4. South America common eel according to claim 1 integration cultivating system, it is characterised in that:Described small cistern (11)It is culturing pool(7)The region that corner is formed after chamfered.
5. South America common eel according to claim 1 integration cultivating system, it is characterised in that:Described water feed apparatus are Water inlet intubation(13);The water inlet intubation(13)It is arranged on small cistern(11)Interior and water inlet intubation(13)It is inserted in intake tunnel (14)Delivery port D at;The upper surface of the water inlet intubation is higher than small cistern(11)Highest liquid level;Described drainage arrangement It is water outlet intubation(12);The water outlet intubation(12)It is arranged on small cistern(11)Interior and water outlet intubation(12)Water outlet is inserted in lead to Road(15)Water inlet E at, the water outlet intubation(12)Upper surface be higher than small cistern(11)Highest liquid level.
6. the integrated cultivating system of South America common eel according to any one in claim 1 or 4 or 5, it is characterised in that: Band heating filtration cycle water installations also include heater, and described heater is arranged on small cistern(11)It is interior.
7. South America common eel according to claim 1 integration cultivating system, it is characterised in that:The thin waterway(22)Side Wall altitude range is 0.2-0.24 meters;The shallow wall of dash(26)Wall altitude range be 0.06-0.12 meters.
8. South America common eel according to claim 7 integration cultivating system, it is characterised in that:The thin waterway(22)Side Wall height optimal value is 0.24 meter;The shallow wall of dash(26)Wall height optimal value be 0.09 meter.
9. South America common eel according to claim 8 integration cultivating system, it is characterised in that:Described connecting pipe point For charging is responsible for(28)And some feed-inputing branched pipes(29), charging supervisor(28)One end and exhalent canal(23)UNICOM, charging Supervisor(28)Some feed-inputing branched pipes of UNICOM of top set, each feed-inputing branched pipe(29)A culturing pool is corresponded to respectively and connects phase Correspondence culturing pool(7), in every feed-inputing branched pipe(29)It is provided with valve switch.
CN201510053949.2A 2015-01-31 2015-01-31 South America common eel integration cultivating system Expired - Fee Related CN104719231B (en)

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CN104255633A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-07 浙江海洋学院 Eel breeding pond
CN204443673U (en) * 2015-01-31 2015-07-08 福建新航源水产科技有限公司 South America common eel integration cultivating system

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FR2978180A1 (en) * 2011-07-18 2013-01-25 Jean Francois Capdessus OVERFLOW POOL ON GLASS WALL, BOLT THROUGH MEMBRANE SEALING
DE202011104085U1 (en) * 2011-08-05 2012-11-07 Werner Gaus Double Tier Fish Production Basin Plant (Next-Level Aquaculture System)
CN202374889U (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-08-15 长乐太平洋食品有限公司 Automatic conveying system of eel material
CN103004666A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 珠海市斗门区河口渔业研究所 Breeding method for intermediate breeding of Anguilla marmorata fries
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