CN104633713A - Solid fuel furnace with thermoelectric power generation device - Google Patents

Solid fuel furnace with thermoelectric power generation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104633713A
CN104633713A CN201510071370.9A CN201510071370A CN104633713A CN 104633713 A CN104633713 A CN 104633713A CN 201510071370 A CN201510071370 A CN 201510071370A CN 104633713 A CN104633713 A CN 104633713A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
solid fuel
generation device
temperature difference
electricity generation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510071370.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
伍斌强
刘炎俊
周科文
郭聪颖
伍曼娇
伍奕
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Xunda Technology Group Co Ltd
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Xunda Technology Group Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Xunda Technology Group Co Ltd filed Critical Xunda Technology Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510071370.9A priority Critical patent/CN104633713A/en
Publication of CN104633713A publication Critical patent/CN104633713A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/20Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications using renewable energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a solid fuel furnace with a thermoelectric power generation device. The solid fuel furnace comprises a solid fuel furnace and a thermoelectric power generation device; the lower end of a blower box of the thermoelectric power generation device is provided with an exhaust room, and the exhaust room is provided with an air pipe for connecting an exhaust hole with the solid fuel furnace; the air exhaust room is further provided with an air volume balance hole, and an air flap and an adjusting handle are installed in the exhaust room; the air flap is adjusted to close the air exhaust hole or the air volume balance hole, and make that the total air volume is unchanged while the air exhaust volumes of the air exhaust hole and the air volume balance hole are in an inversely proportional relationship. The solid fuel furnace can externally provide stable and enough power source without externally connecting the power source; through reasonable distribution of primary and secondary air, the fuel is fully burned; the solid fuel furnace is featured by simple operation, high burning heat efficiency, and few smoke gas emission; the fuel adaption is wide, and it is especially applicable to various fuel wood and other biomass solid fuels; besides, the solid fuel furnace is simple, small and light in structure, and applicable to indoor cooking and outdoor cooking.

Description

With the solid fuel cooker of temperature difference electricity generation device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solid fuel cooker, especially a kind of solid fuel cooker being suitable for the band temperature difference electricity generation device of family expenses and outdoor use.
Background technology
Along with development that is agriculture and forestry, biomass resource will get more and more, in recent years, biomass stove has had larger development, generally adopt natural induced draft or the mode of forced-air blast, adopt the mode of blower fan forced-air blast operate easier, combustion efficiency better, but must have power supply, and during for relatively remote area and outdoor study, provide stable power supply just more difficult.
Some stove and accessory product has carried TRT, but also there is a lot of problem, first the complicated structure of TRT, volume ratio is comparatively large, use and carry neither convenient; Secondly due to completely not compatible with stove and accessory, cause that fuel combustion is insufficient, combustion efficiency is poor or power supply instability, continuation is poor.
Summary of the invention
For solving above-mentioned Problems existing, the invention provides a kind of solid fuel cooker with temperature difference electricity generation device, structure be simple, be convenient for carrying, not only can be stable provide electric energy for user, and fuel economy is high.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions.
A kind of solid fuel cooker with temperature difference electricity generation device, comprise solid fuel cooker and temperature difference electricity generation device, solid fuel furnace bottom has the airduct providing combustion air, temperature difference electricity generation device comprises Fan Box, heat-conducting plate, thermo-electric generation sheet, fin, cooling fan and its control system, it is characterized in that described heat-conducting plate connects the body of heater picked-up heat of solid fuel cooker, there is exhaust air box described Fan Box lower end, exhaust air box offers the airduct that vent connects solid fuel cooker, described exhaust air box also offers air balance hole, described exhaust air box is built with air flap and regulating handle, damper sheet can close vent or air balance hole, and air draft total amount is remained unchanged and vent, both air balance holes exhaust air rate is inversely prroportional relationship.
Further, described airduct is communicated with air compartment, described air compartment is square body structure, the burner hearth of described solid fuel cooker is that cylindrical structure is positioned at air compartment inside, form air channel between burner hearth furnace wall and air compartment, offer an air holes in air channel and secondary air hole is connected respectively the grate of burner hearth bottom and the crater on top.Air channel arrives air compartment from Fan Box by airduct around burner hearth wind, utilizes burner hearth furnace wall to heat air, reduces fire box temperature, improve efficiency of combustion when preventing air from entering burner hearth.
Further, described burner hearth furnace wall connects with air compartment four vertical edge, forms four independently air channels, can evenly provide combustion air for fuel combustion.
Further, described stove and accessory has side feed inlet, and filling operation is safer, simple, and more extensive to the adaptability of fuel, is not limited to the shape of fuel, length.
Further, described heat-conducting plate is the heat absorption rod stretching into solid fuel cooker burner hearth, to absorb more heat, and is delivered to the hot junction of thermo-electric generation sheet fast, improves hot-side temperature.
Further, described heat absorption rod is positioned at furnace wall, described feed inlet opposite.
Further, described heat absorption rod has groove, increases endotherm area, transmits more multi-energy.
Further, described Fan Box is that metal material is made, and is conducive to fin and thermo-electric generation sheet cold junction and strengthens heat radiation and protecting control circuit board.
Further, between described body of heater and Fan Box, there is gap, decoration web plate is housed therebetween.
Further, described temperature difference electricity generation device also comprises battery, charging device.
The solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device of the present invention, air cooling way is adopted to cool voluntarily, air flap and air balance hole is provided with in the Fan Box of temperature difference electricity generation device, air flap can control the air quantity entering burner hearth, be used for regulating firepower size, while regulating firepower, air flap and air balance hole can control the air quantity entering body of heater and arrange outward automatically, ensure while ensureing stove and accessory normal combustion that the total blast volume flowing through fin is constant, guarantee heat radiation power and thermo-electric generation sheet cold junction temperature thus produce more electricity, guaranteeing cooling fan service life.The present invention is without the need to external power supply and outwards can provide stable sufficient power supply, by reasonable distribution first and second air, make fuel combustion abundant, there is the features such as simple to operate, combustion thermal efficiency is high, fume emission is few, fuel is scalable, is specially adapted to the biomass solid fuels such as various fuel woods, and structure is simple, small volume and less weight, is suitable as the purposes such as family cooking and outdoor picnic.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the solid fuel cooker structural representation of band temperature difference electricity generation device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is temperature difference electricity generation device structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is solid fuel cooker cross-sectional schematic of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of solid fuel cooker with temperature difference electricity generation device, comprises solid fuel cooker and temperature difference electricity generation device.As Figure 1 and Figure 4, solid fuel furnace bottom has the airduct 1 providing combustion air, described airduct 1 is communicated with air compartment 2, described air compartment 2 is square body structure, and the burner hearth 3 of described solid fuel cooker is inner for cylindrical structure is positioned at air compartment 2, and burner hearth 3 furnace wall connects with air compartment 2 four vertical edge, form four independently air channels 4, offer an air holes 5 in air channel 4 and secondary air hole 6 is connected respectively the grate 7 of burner hearth bottom and the crater 8 on top, crater 8 is taper, is conducive to concentrating of flame; There is feed inlet 9 stove and accessory side, feed inlet 9 has fire door 10, has pan bracket 11 above stove and accessory, and between stove and accessory shell and 2, filling with insulation material carries out burner hearth insulation, prevents too much heat loss.Temperature difference electricity generation device, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, comprise Fan Box 21, heat absorption rod 22, thermo-electric generation sheet 23, fin 24, cooling fan 25 and its control system 26, thermo-electric generation sheet 23 is sandwiched between fin 24 and heat absorption rod 22, and described heat absorption rod 22 stretches into solid fuel cooker burner hearth 3, to absorb more heat, and be delivered to the hot junction of thermo-electric generation sheet 23 fast, improve hot-side temperature, heat absorption rod 22 is positioned at furnace wall, feed inlet 9 opposite, can not retardance be formed, convenient toward burner hearth 3 filling; There is exhaust air box 27 described Fan Box 21 lower end, exhaust air box 27 offers vent 28, vent 28 is communicated with airduct 1, described exhaust air box 27 also offers air balance hole 29 by stove and accessory side, described exhaust air box 27 is built with air flap 30 and regulating handle 31, air flap 30 can rotate in exhaust air box 27, for closing air balance hole 29 or the passage towards vent 28, as shown in Figure 3.There is gap between described body of heater and Fan Box 21, decoration web plate 14 is housed therebetween; Described Fan Box 21 is made for metal material, is conducive to fin 24 and thermo-electric generation sheet 23 cold junction strengthens heat radiation and protecting control circuit board; Described temperature difference electricity generation device also comprises battery, charging device 32.
During use, fuel is placed in burner hearth, ignition, start cooling fan 25(and utilize its battery or self-power generation and power supply), cold air enters Fan Box 21 from cooling fan 25 mouthfuls, blow to fin 24, make the temperature that the cold junction of thermo-electric generation sheet 23 keeps lower, meanwhile heat is delivered to the hot junction of thermo-electric generation sheet 23 by heat absorption rod 22, thermo-electric generation sheet 23 produces electric energy and by its control system 26 voltage stabilizing, rectification, store, export, and logical operation can be carried out to guarantee that the optimization of electric energy uses, for cooling fan 25 and charging device 32 provide voltage stabilizing.Cold air after fin 24 is heated and enters the exhaust air box 27 of Fan Box 21, hot blast is controlled to discharge or lead to the air compartment 2 that vent 28 enters stove and accessory through air balance hole 29 by air flap 30, vent 28, both air balance holes 29 exhaust air rate are inversely prroportional relationship, and air draft total amount remains unchanged, guarantee heat radiation power and thermo-electric generation sheet 23 cold junction temperature thus produce more electric energy, guaranteeing cooling fan 24 service life.Hot blast through exhaust air box 27 discharge enters the air compartment 2 of stove and accessory, enter burner hearth 3 again, owing to it makes use of waste heat, preheating, is conducive to that burner hearth 3 is incubated, the Thorough combustion of fuel, after entering air compartment 2, evenly enter air channel 4, enter the grate of burner hearth bottom and the crater on top through an air holes 5 and secondary air hole 6 again, combustion air is provided, makes full combustion of fuel.In the present invention, air flap 30 can control the air quantity entering burner hearth 3, is used for regulating firepower size.

Claims (10)

1. the solid fuel cooker with temperature difference electricity generation device, comprise solid fuel cooker and temperature difference electricity generation device, solid fuel furnace bottom has the airduct providing combustion air, temperature difference electricity generation device comprises Fan Box, heat-conducting plate, thermo-electric generation sheet, fin, cooling fan and its control system, it is characterized in that described heat-conducting plate connects the body of heater picked-up heat of solid fuel cooker, there is exhaust air box described Fan Box lower end, exhaust air box offers the airduct that vent connects solid fuel cooker, described exhaust air box also offers air balance hole, described exhaust air box is built with air flap and regulating handle, damper sheet can close vent or air balance hole, and air draft total amount is remained unchanged and vent, both air balance holes exhaust air rate is inversely prroportional relationship.
2. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described airduct is communicated with air compartment, described air compartment is square body structure, the burner hearth of described solid fuel cooker is that cylindrical structure is positioned at air compartment inside, form air channel between burner hearth furnace wall and air compartment, offer an air holes in air channel and be communicated with the grate of burner hearth bottom and the crater on top with secondary air hole is corresponding respectively.
3. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 2, is characterized in that described burner hearth furnace wall connects with air compartment four vertical edge, forms four independently air channels.
4. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described stove and accessory has side feed inlet.
5. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described heat-conducting plate is the heat absorption rod stretching into solid fuel cooker burner hearth.
6. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 5, is characterized in that described stove and accessory has side feed inlet, and described heat absorption rod is positioned at furnace wall, described feed inlet opposite.
7. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 5, is characterized in that described heat absorption rod has groove.
8. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described Fan Box is that metal material is made.
9. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 1, is characterized in that there is gap between described body of heater and Fan Box, decoration web plate is housed therebetween.
10. the solid fuel cooker of band temperature difference electricity generation device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described temperature difference electricity generation device also comprises battery, charging device.
CN201510071370.9A 2015-02-11 2015-02-11 Solid fuel furnace with thermoelectric power generation device Pending CN104633713A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510071370.9A CN104633713A (en) 2015-02-11 2015-02-11 Solid fuel furnace with thermoelectric power generation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510071370.9A CN104633713A (en) 2015-02-11 2015-02-11 Solid fuel furnace with thermoelectric power generation device

Publications (1)

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CN104633713A true CN104633713A (en) 2015-05-20

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106102422A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-11-09 浙江科技学院 The cooling mechanism of thermal generator and thermal generator
CN106253750A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 浙江科技学院 Collapsible biomass fuel thermal generator
CN106253751A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 浙江科技学院 Biomass fuel thermal generator
CN107616709A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-23 霍奕翔 A kind of thermo-electric generation picnic furnace
CN111839254A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-30 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Baking cooking device
CN111887733A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-11-06 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Air guide structure and steaming cooking equipment with same

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103216855A (en) * 2013-05-03 2013-07-24 河北恒能生物质能有限公司 Civilian stove with electricity generation function
CN103615745A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-05 孟波 Outdoor wood stove capable of generating electricity
CN103953951A (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-07-30 哈尔滨工业大学 Self-power generation and self-ventilation burning stove
WO2015112606A1 (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-07-30 Biolite Llc Portable combustion device utilizing thermoelectrical generatiion
CN204574119U (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-08-19 迅达科技集团股份有限公司 With the solid fuel cooker of temperature difference electricity generation device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103216855A (en) * 2013-05-03 2013-07-24 河北恒能生物质能有限公司 Civilian stove with electricity generation function
CN103615745A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-05 孟波 Outdoor wood stove capable of generating electricity
WO2015112606A1 (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-07-30 Biolite Llc Portable combustion device utilizing thermoelectrical generatiion
CN103953951A (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-07-30 哈尔滨工业大学 Self-power generation and self-ventilation burning stove
CN204574119U (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-08-19 迅达科技集团股份有限公司 With the solid fuel cooker of temperature difference electricity generation device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106102422A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-11-09 浙江科技学院 The cooling mechanism of thermal generator and thermal generator
CN106253750A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 浙江科技学院 Collapsible biomass fuel thermal generator
CN106253751A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 浙江科技学院 Biomass fuel thermal generator
CN106253750B (en) * 2016-08-09 2018-03-23 浙江科技学院 Collapsible biomass fuel thermal generator
CN106253751B (en) * 2016-08-09 2019-03-26 浙江科技学院 Biomass fuel thermoelectric generator
CN107616709A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-23 霍奕翔 A kind of thermo-electric generation picnic furnace
CN111839254A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-30 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Baking cooking device
CN111887733A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-11-06 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Air guide structure and steaming cooking equipment with same

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Application publication date: 20150520